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3TATE LIBRAE 



PACIFIC 




Vol. VIII. Mo. I, 



Los Angeles, California, January I, I9IO. 



5 Cents $I.OO a Year 



WHAT ARE THEY FOR? 



President VVoodrow Wilson of Princeton 
an article for a recent maga- 
zine which In.- entitles "What is a O 

strange, he says, to ask 
such a question at iliis late day, but it is 
sary. 

which we would reply — not strange 
at all. but eminently proper and character- 
rit of the hour. This identi- 
rni of inquiry might be used to advan- 
with respect to many of our time- 
red institutions that have strayed from 

The American people, with one-tenth of 

20th century nearly used out, are of an 
inquiring frame of mind. They arc dis- 
to get a look at the foundations of 
Surface views no longer satisfy 
them. "What is it for?" There is a ques- 
tion that goes to the very root of the mat- 
ter — whether it be a college, or a church, 
or a city go ut, or a court, or a sena- 

tor or a president. We have these institu- 
te serve certain purposes. What are 
i? Are they fulfilling them? 
Why not? And what is to be done about 
it? That is the process of thought our peo- 
ple are engaged upon, and they are not to 
lie scared off the trail any more by partisan 
yells nor by epithets like "Socialist," n ir 
will they long he deceived by false and 

tsive answers. 

What is a college for, we ask. To chase 
benefactions, to provide places for useless 
pedants, to turn out intellectual snobs, to 
place cleverness before principle, to instill 
cynicism in youth and blast its ideals, to 
countenance dissipation, extravagance and 
undemocratic exclusiveness? Those are 
things that some colleges do; is it what 
they are for? • 

What is a church for? To attract our 
I people'' into its congregation, to get 
:i popular preacher, to have the finest choir. 
to do a little dinky charity business, to shy 
off the real issues of the day, to teach moral 
self-complacency, to mull over dead ques- 
tions, to criticize labor unions so as to be 
puffed in some reactionary newspaper, to 
throw away great opportunities for good? 
Those are things that many churches do. 
1*, it what they are for? 

What is a city government for? Is it to 
ide jobs for partisan political workers, 
to levy tax money that is wasted on rascally 
contracts or foolish enterprises, to give 
away the city's rights to corporations, to ar- 
range for the pillage of the people, to capi- 
talize vice and gather profits from the ruin 
of the young? No; that is what some city 
governments do. It is not what they arc 
foi 

What is a COlirl of justice for:' is it to 
assist the rich to oppress the poor, to rig 
up technicalities for rascals to escape pun- 
ishment, to manufacture criminals out of 
thoughtless hoys, to make property more 
sacred than human life and human souls? 



PACIFIC OUTLOOn 

Published Every Saturday 

837 South Spring St. 

Los Angeles, California, 

by the 

PACIFIC OUTLOOK COMPANY 

Subscription price $1.00 a year in advance. 
Single copies 5 cents at all news stands. 

A. M. DUNN, Manager 
C. D. WILLARD Editorial Contributor 



NOTICE TO SUBSCRIBERS— The Pacific Out- 
look is mailed to subscribers through the Los 
Angeles Post Office every Friday, and should 
be delivered in every part of the city by Satur- 
day's post. If for any reason it should be de- 
layed, or be delivered in poor condition, sub- 
scribers will confer a favor upon the publishers 
by giving them immediate notice. 

Entered at second-class matter April 5, 1907, at tbe postofnee at 
Lot Angeles, California, under the act of Congress of March 1,1879. 

There are courts that do these things, but 
it is not what they are for. 

What is a Senator for? To guard the 
special interests of favored individuals, to 
maintain a political machine backed by an 
oppressive corporation, to vote higher taxes 
on the necessities of all that a few may grow 
richer, to stand in with every iniquity of 
the Cannon-Aldrich program and call it 
party regularity, to betray the people to 
t'heir enemies? These are things that some 
senators do, but it is not what they are for. 

What is a President for? To parade all 
over the country and make speeches at ban- 
quets, to appoint corporation lawyers to his 
cabinet and the supreme court, to defend a 
trust-made tariff tax and berate the men 
who saved it from being worse, to write 
trivial messages to Congress, to praise Can- 
non and recommend Aldrich to the favor of 
the people, to weigh 300 pounds and smile 
and smile — no; these are things that a pres- 
ident might do, but it is not what he is for. 
* * * 

THE STATE CAMPAIGN 

With the ci ming of the New Year active 
interest will begin to develop in the State 
campaign. Next fall we arc called upon to 
choose a governor and State officers, mem- 
bers of the legislature, which body must 
elect a United States Senator, and also to 
choose a set of county officers, including two 
members of the Hoard of Supervisors to 
succeed Messrs. Manning and Eldridge. 

This year we have the direct primary, and 
the voters will indicate their choice each 
within his own party for the nominatii n o 
the party. When the voter registers he an- 
nounces his party affiliation, and it is made 
a matter of record. At the primary election 
he is given the ballot of his part}-, contain- 
ing the names of all who have filed petitions 
with the required number of signatures. 
Tie one receiving the highest number of 
votes is the nominee in each case. At the 
final election, the nominees of the various 
parties, together with those who choos 



run independent, are all printed on one bal- 
lot and. the voter takes his choice. 

This is radically different from our own 
non-partisan direct primary, and in our 
judgment far less desirable. However, it 
is a long step' in advance of the convention 
system, anil makes it possible for the people 
i control of the party machinery and 
■actually name the ticket of the party, all of 
which was practically hopeless under the old 
plan. 

Thus far two men have signified their 
willingness to stand for the governorship 
and a third is likely to be brought out by his 
friends at any time. All these are Repub- 
licans. As that party normally has a ma- 
jority of more than 3 to 2 in the State, its 
nominations are of prime importance. 

The two candidates for governor above 
referred to are the incumbent Gillett, and 
the Secretary of State Curry. The third is 
Phil A. Stanton, speaker of the last Assem- 
bly. 

Mr. Gillett was first nominated by Mr. 
Harriman at a dinner of the California dele- 
gat-ion in Washington, about the time of the 
San Francisco earthquake. Whether this 
was merely a personal fancy of Mr. Harri- 
man and was taken up by his people here in 
California, or whether Mr. Herrin had made 
tfl e choice and communicated it to Mr. Har- 
riman is not known, but it is certain that a 
few months after this announcement all the 
strength of the S. P. political machine was 
thrown to Mr. Gillett, and he was nominated 
almost without opposition. He was photo- 
graphed with a group of S. P. henchmen 
with his hand resting on the shoulder of 
Abe Ruef. That photograph very nearly de- 
feated him. 

In the business affairs of the State, Gillett 
has not made a bad governor; but his ap- 
pointments have most of them been below 
grade, and his attitude on public questions 
i> that of a reactionary and machine man. 
His renomination is not desired by the 
thinking, independent people of his own 
party. When he ran for governor, he had 
the good luck to have the opposition vote 
divided, as the Hearst ghost dance, the In- 
dependence League, ran a candidate. We 
do not believe the State machine is fatuous 
enough to expect to elect Gillett, and there- 
fore we do not believe its support of him is 
sincere. Not for 25 years has any candidate 
for Governor of this State been re-elected. 
They have none of them even been renomi- 
nated. 

Curry looks somewhat more like the real 
machine candidate, although he and his 
friends assert that his candidacy is strictly 
independent and few of the prominent ma- 
chine leader; have declared for him. Evi- 
dently the word has not gone out yet, and 
it will not until the time for the primaries 
ir at hand. The statement that Curry 
i- likely to get any of the Lincoln-Roosevelt 
Following, o ipport of the progrc 

endent element, is not offered in 
faith. It is without the shadow of a founda- 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



tion. Curry is a product of the bad politics 
of San Francisco. He was a machine leader 
with a strong personal following. He is a 
past master in the art of winning delegates 
and working out trades in conventions ; but 
he is in no sense fitted for the office of gov- 
ernor of the State. If the machine thinks 
he has personal strength enough to grow 
into a winner, it may take him up. If it does 
not, he will probably pull out of the contest. 

The candidacy of Stanton — if it may be 
called a candidacy when he has not, as yet, 
declared himself — has some peculiar fea- 
tures, and many are likely to be puzzled by 
it. Stanton began his political career as a 
machine henchman and no one — not even 
Senator Flint's protege, Pendleton — spoke 
with a fiercer contempt of every kind of re- 
form, or cursed more bitterly those who 
stood out against the rule of the caucus. But 
time passed, and Stanton grew a little. He 
even grew faster than the machine which 
does not seem like saying very much, and 
yet it is, for the machine in this State now 
is a pretty decent concern compared with 
what it was under Dan Burns. It is still 
just as bad as it dares to be, but its leaders 
— that is to say the Railroad — recognize 
that they must ease up on the screws a little, 
or the people will smash the whole business. 
Stanton mastered the details of the work of 
the legislature and acquired influence and 
leadership, largely through the force of an 
aggressive but pleasing personality. In the 
last legislature he was elected speaker of the 
Assembly. Sometimes the machine is so 
strong in the legislature that it can put any- 
body — a nonentity — in the speaker's chair. 
This was not that kind of a situation. Some- 
times it is so weak that an exceptionally 
strong man can beat it out. This was not 
that either. Through the eight years of his 
legislative career, Stanton kept peace with 
the machine. In most matters, big and little, 
he .voted program. But he never did dirty 
work for the machine, and at intervals — 
possibly not on the really important issues — 
he put up a conspicuous fight against it. 
There are all kinds of men in the machine 
ranks, and some of them have their own in- 
dependent strength, and they must be treat- 
ed with due consideration and not be asked 
to go the whole length any time, or there 
will be trouble. 

On business issues and, of late years, on 
morality issues, Stanton has been sound. 

Evidently the S. P. leaders decided at 
the beginning of the session of 1909 that the 
people would not stand for much of the raw 
work that had passed current easily enough 
in former years. Enough of the despised 
reformers had broken into the lists to make 
up a working influence. Moreover, to de- 
feat the high-grade nominations of the Lin- 
coln-Roosevelt League, the S. P. had been 
compelled to put up good men in many dis- 
tricts, so that, on the whole, the personnel 
of the body was considerably above the av- 
erage for California legislatures. Possibly 
Stanton's election as Speaker grew out of 
the railroad's awakening to the state of pub- 
lic sentiment. At all events, he was speaker, 
and made the best record for independence 
and proper help to good legislation that has 
been made for an indefinite period in the 
past. 

It naturally follows that the Stanton can- 
didacy will have some support in the Cood 
Government, Anti-Southern-Pacific, element 
of the Republican party — how much re- 
mains to be seen. There are those who 
maintain that, as half a loaf is better than 
no bread, it will be better to stand with 
some honest, semi-independent and capable 



man who will probably give the State a de- 
cent administration and will hold the S. P. 
organization within bounds, than try for the 
election of some pronounced anti-machine 
man, with uncertain prospect of success. 
This argument is not without its points of 
attractiveness. On the other hand there is 
a large element in the anti-railroad crowd 
that feel they are enlisted for the war, irre- 
spective of the outcome of this or any other 
one battle, and that in the end the State will 
be, must be, entirely freed from corporation 
control, and that the shortest process to 
gain that end is not to take up with the com- 
promise type of candidates but to run men 
on whom the people can depend absolutely. 

No doubt the railroad recognizes the pos- 
sibilities of the direct primary, and is pre- 
pared to make concessions to the people to 
forestall any awkward mischance. If it can- 
not get just the kind of a man it likes, it 
will cheerfully take the best it can get. 
Having no principles other than self-interest 
the machine never hesitates to compromise. 
It would prefer Gillett, but if it cannot get 
Gillett it will take Curry. If the people 
won't stand Curry, then there is Stanton. 

But there is one man that is not included 
in any form of compromise by the railways, 
one man they hate with an almost frantic 
zeal, one man whose name they cannot 
speak without fairly frothing at the mouth 
— and that is Francis J. Heney. 

They hate him because he is honest, cour- 
ageous, aggressive and in favor of the rule 
of the people, and against the rule of the 
corporate interest. No man is more dan- 
gerous to their plans, and no man is nearer 
to the hearts of the independent people of 
the State. 

* * * 

FLAW IN THE INDICTMENT 



Friends of the conservation policy of 
Roosevelt, who have regarded Secretary 
Ballinger as a dangerous menace to the pub- 
lic interest, are not likely to feel any great 
degree of relief in the proposed investiga- 
tion by Congress of the charges against that 
official. A score or two of years ago when 
the present generation was younger and 
less skeptical, we might have waxed en- 
thusiastic over the prospect of an investiga- 
tion of some wrong-doer; but we have 
learned since then that it makes a lot of dif- 
ference (1) who does the investigating, (2) 
what is the scope of the investigation, and 
(3) what the game is anyhow. 

This is not the first time Secretary Bal- 
linger has been investigated. He is getting 
to be an old hand at the business. When 
Mr. Roosevelt put Mr. Garfield in charge 
of the Interior Department and Mr. Heney 
began digging into the operations of the 
Land Office in the Northwest and Alaska, 
they soon crossed the trail of Mr. Ballinger, 
who was head of that department. Evident- 
ly there was some kind of an investigation 
and clearly enough Mr. Roosevelt did not 
like some of the things he found out, for 
about that time Mr. Ballinger decided to 
return to private life and the law. 

Mr. Garfield's opinion of Mr. Ballinger 
was no particular secret, and if Mr. Roose- 
velt failed to make his views known he de- 
parted from his usual custom in such mat- 
ters — for he has no characteristic more 
marked than his frankness. It is difficult 
to believe that Taft was in ignorance of Mr. 
Ballinsfer's political and departmental rec- 
ord. However, whether he was or not, one 
of the first things that fell to his lot as 
President was to investigate Mr. Ballinger 



all over again, on the charge that he had 
been a bit too active in assisting certain 
private interests to close in on public coal 
lands in Alaska. The result of this inquiry 
was to clear Mr. Ballinger entirely — ac- 
cording to Mr. Taft — and the subordinate 
who was responsible for the facts getting 
to the public was disgraced and discharged. 
All this was four months ago, and now 
it is time for Mr. Ballinger to be investi- 
gated again. It seems that the last investi- 
gation did not take. This time it is to be 
done by Congress, and it is to include — if 
Mr. Ballinger's request is adopted, as it 
probably will be — not the secretary alone, 
but the officials of the Forestry Department 
as well, which means, of course, Mr. 
Pinchot. 

The personnel of the investigators will 
be decided, for the Senate, by Mr, Aldrich, 
and for the House by Mr. Cannon. We 
know in advance, therefore, what kind of 
men will be placed on the committee. They 
are not likely to be conspicuous and known 
representatives of special interests ; they are 
more likely to be colorless, nondescripts 
who take program quietly. There will be 
no partisanship about that committee. None 
at all. We would not be at all surprised to 
see a large representation of Democrats, 
nice, sleek, well-behaved Democrats, who 
know what they are there for. Senator Gore, 
who is the kind of a democrat that we spell 
with a small letter, that is to say a real 
democrat, made a motion for an investiga- 
tion, naming several men to go on the com- 
mittee. Among - them were Bristow and 
others of the Insurgents. But his motion 
was not down on the program, and was 
quickly suppressed. It is a pretty safe guess 
that no Insurgent will get on the commit- 
tee. 

Packing the jury is not enough, however. 
There must also be a flaw in the indictment. 
The committee begins by throwing out its 
chest and demanding to know what are the 
"charges" against Mr. Ballinger and who 
"brings these charges." "What crime has 
he committed?" the investigators will ask 
in trumpet tones. And there will be no an- 
swer to all that. There are no charges of 
crime against Mr. Ballinger, so far. as we 
are aware, and we do not expect to see any 
develop. Because of Mr. Ballinger's past 
behavior, his affiliations, his utterances, his 
business and professional career, his posi- 
tion in politics, his backing, and because, 
moreover, tried and true friends of the con- 
servation policy are disturbed and suspi- 
cious, the American people have come to a 
conclusion that Mr. Ballinger is not the kind 
of a man they wish to see at the head of the 
Interior Department. No use trying to prove 
a thing of that; kind. The evidence is made 
up of a thousand acts and sayings each un- 
important in itself but all pointing to the 
same conclusion — the control of the special 
interest. The people will not undertake to 
work up a case and put somebody in charge 
of the prosecution. It will go by default. 
Ballinger will be triumphantly ".vindicated." 

This performance will be highly satisfac- 
tory to Congress, to Mr. Ballinger, to the 
Special Interests, and possibly to the Presi- 
dent himself. He will then be in a position 
to say that he has done everything that duty 
required — he investigated Ballinger himself, 
and he also got Congress to investigate, and 
in spite of all this Mr. Ballinger was not in- 
dicted for anything, and hence will make a 
perfectly good Secretary of the Interior. 
But, alas, the people will be just as dis- 
satisfied as ever ! They asked for a friend 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 1 O* >0.~V:2 



and the answ er is 

+ + + 

PRICES OF THINGS 



'11k .cry forces that desire to 

maintain the pi gh tariff, and H 

. at last off< nd the 
public their explanation of the rise in the 

•hint's — particularly of necess 
— that has grown BO acute as to involve ter- 
rible hardship to great numbers of pi 

The explanation is that advancing prices 
are due not to the tariff at all but to the in- 
crease in the production of gold and silver. 
An increase in the gross volume of the pre- 
metals means an increase in the vol- 
ume of the medium of exchange, which then 
lowers in value, and this is equivalent to a 
raise in the value of all commoditii 

This line of argument is beginning to crop 
up in the reactionary press all Over the 
country. It is one of those things that con- 
tain enough truth to make it serve fairly- 
well for a time for purposes of deception. 

The first Bryan campaign taught the 
American people that the monetary ques- 
tion is a thing of infinite complication that 
can be made to work out almost any kind 
of an argument. 

Roughly speaking, the rule is sound that 
an increase in the volume of circulating me- 
dium increases the price of things, but the 
rule has a hundred exceptions. Since 1900 
the increase in the output of gold has great- 
ly exceeded the proportion of the increase 
in population: so there is much more of the 
precious metal in the world per capita than 
there was ten years ago. 

But is there more relative to the volume 
of business transacted — or less? We can- 
not eat gold. A little is used in the arts. 
Its real value, however, lies in its conven- 
ience for money. Increase in the .volume of 
business calls for more gold in circulation, 
and vice versa, the more gold there is to 
circulate the more rapidly the volume of 
business swells. Owing to inventions, ow- 
ing 'to peace, to the growth of confidence, 
to the larger production of the precious 
metals, but owing most of all to the develop- 
ment of corporate forms of activity, trusts, 
combinations, the wiping out of competition 
— from all these causes the volume of busi- 
ness done in the world and particularly in 
the United States, has undergone a tremen- 
dous increase in the past twelve years. Rela- 
tively that increase has far outstripped the 
added production of gold. Remember that 
gold is merely a tool. It all depends upon 
how many are ready to use the tool, not 
how many tools there happen to be at any 
given moment. Suppose a community of 
1000 men. Of these 100 are willing to dig 
and need shovels. They are all supplied. 
Now if any more shovels come, they will be 
a drug in the market and the price will fall. 
But presently another hundred men come 
to their senses and go to work, and then 
another hundred. Price would not go down 
hut up, perhaps. 

So much for the theory. There are also 
plenty of independent facts to show that the 
increase in gold has little if anything to do 
with the increase in prices of necessities. 
Prices in other countries, except insofar as 
they reffect our own values — in bread stuffs 
ami meats, for example — have not gone up 
as they have here. And the increase of 
price in this country, does not, as a rule. 
extend back to the original producer. Of 
a 30 per cent increase in the price of meat 



the fannei gnificanl 

at tin 

in the pi 
<lue primarily cond- 

two 

are 1-t, the tariff through which special in- 
tificially fix prices that, right or 
wrong fair or unfair, the 

people are compelled to pay, and 2nd, 
capitalization, by which great fortunes are 
suddenly heaped up and the p 'I the 

bill. 

Rising prices indicate a false prosperity — 
a rapid gain in the wealth of a few and a 
if comfort, of proper sustenance and of 
opportunity in life to the many, The im- 
mediate effect of the Cannon-Aldrich tarifl 
has been to cut down the payrolls of the 
nation 10 to 10 per cent in their purchasing 
capacity. Distress, strikes, industrial war- 
fare, repression and blind fury will follow-. 
And presentl) the entire people will wake 
up, and things will begin to happen. 

THE POLE AND THE PUBLIC 



Last summer when Dr. Cook appeared on 
the scene with a three-column bluff about 
how he had discovered the North Pole, we 
commented on the proceeding in these pages 
by narrating the Sydney Smith story of the 
man that "damned the North Pole." 

From that time to this, although we have 
discussed pretty nearly every topic under 
the sun and some others also, and although 
all our contemporaries have bristled with 
poles, pemmican, huskies, esquimaux, sleep- 
ing bags, gum-drops and blubber — Brer 
Rabbit, he lay low, not savin' nuffin'. The 
fact is we had no use wdiatever for the pole 
or Cook or Peary or the wdiole silly con- 
troversy. Personally we held to a convic- 
tion from the very first click of the key that 
Cook was a fraud who had never discovered 
anything more difficult of access than a lec- 
ture platform or the end of a leased wire. 
We did not care to bring forward our argu- 
ments on the subject which were two in 
number: 1st, his picture: 2nd, the abomin- 
able literary style in which he wrote his 
first grand "special." Delicate logic of that 
order will not, of course, appeal to every- 
body, but there still remain the initiated 
who will understand. 

However, we said then and we repeat now 
it is not a matter of the least shadow of 
importance whether Cook or Peary or both 
or neither discovered the North Pole nor 
whether there is any North Pole. For out- 
part it is d — n the North Pole and the ap- 
proaches thereto, the exits therefrom, the 
specials thereon and the lectures thereabout. 
What has the North Pole, or the South 
Pole either, for that matter, ever done for 
the race that it should squander about two 
million dollars of its good money and four 
or fixe hundred lives trying to chase it down 
and drive it into the map? That amount 
of money would buy and equip from 5 to 10 
children's playgrounds for each and every 
one of the 20 largest cities of the United 
States, and those four or five hundred lives 
would supply a Pittsburg iron foundry with 
its two victims a day for the better part of 
a year, thus making prosperity for Harry 
Thaw besides keeping several courts busy 
dismissing damage cases. 

That was the kind of a deficit account the 
North Pole had on the books of Adam's 
Sons & Co. when the late unpleasantness 
broke out. Since then look at the appalling 
increase in the overdraft. If one prefers to 
figure it in cold cash, as most everything is 



figurei 

in thousan irnals — thi 

and ink and . ■ 

i nd sj ndicate chai ges. \\ ould ■ 

tie that bill? No; nor two 
nor four m I lien there is the $80,000 

of perfect: 

got away with, during his brief 
the lectun 

thousand more that the now glorified Peary 
w ill shake if 'w n later. 

But wdiat really -ravels ns mosl ol 
all is the dreadful waste of good publi 
tention that might have been devoted to 
learning what the tariff is going to do to us, 
i r why we have Ballinger, or how to make 
the President quit grinning. It is a notori 
otts fact that there are a great many things 
that need public attention. There is never 
enough of it to go round. And here for the 
past six months we 'have been fairly sloshing 
ii around and letting it run to waste in 
great gobs — all on account of that miser- 
able, worthless North Pole. 

At least it is a satisfaction to remember 
that we took no part in the preposterous 
controversy. It cannot shake its gory locks 
at us. We are entirely ready now, however, 
to serve as one of the pall-bearers. 

+ * * 

PRESS COMMENT 



The Missouri Democrats are booming ex- 
Governor Folk for President in 1912. The 
Democrat who hopes to win in 1912 should 
get ready to down Theodore Roosevelt 
fresh from the jungle. — Birmingham Age- 
Herald. 



John D. Rockefeller says the truest kind 
of happiness is when we serve others. But 
then, all have not such a paying- com- 
modity and one so much in demand with 
which to serve others as the advocate of 
this altruistic doctrine. — Baltimore Ameri- 
can. 



I. os Angeles has let up on the job of 
dividing the State. The new plan is to ex- 
tend the city limits all over Southern Cali- 
fornia. — San Francisco News Fetter. 

The Sugar Trust has been maintaining a 
fleet of "revenue cutters" that Uncle Sam 
never intended. — Boston Record. 

The mummy of Rameses has reached 
New York. In the good old days this would 
have meant another Tammany vote. — Phila- 
delphia Public Ledger. 

Since Commander Peary is to be paid 
$1.20 a word by a magazine he must regret 
that he wasted so many on Dr. Cook/ — Kan- 
sas City Times. 



"We can trust to the common sense of 
the American people," says President Taft. 
That's right, but the American 
not all live in Rhode Island. — St. Paul Pio- 
neer P 



Mr. Cannon says the Payne Hill is ''the 
best thing Congress in fifty yi 

if that i- so, mi wonder Roosevelt wanted 
i h : Secret Service to in 
— Houston Chronicle. 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



MUNICIPAL AFFAIRS 



l 7T HE DATA for this department is sup- 
^ plied from the statistical bureau of the 
Municipal League of Los Angeles, but 
neither that organization nor any other has 
any control over, or is in any way respon- 
sible for, the general policy of PACIFIC 
OUTLOOK. 



Associated Press : Recently the Associat- 
ed Press sent out a short dispatch giving 
the latest figures on the debt of cities. This 
is particularly noticeable because this great 
newsgathering agency so seldom gives us 
information about municipalities. The Mon- 
day budget of the Associated is always 
weak. Why does it not make use of that 
opening to give people news of the develop- 
ment, politically, industrially and in public 
improvement, of our cities? 

* * * 

Carnegie Gives Land: The State of 
Pennsylvania has voted $2,000,000 to be 
used in the fight against tuberculosis, and 
much of that sum will .be used in the con- 
struction of a sanitarium. The Health 
Board picked out what they thought, would 
be a good location, and finding that the land 
was owned by Mr, Andrew Carnegie, wrote 
to ask his terms. He replied that for such 
a purpose he would gladly donate the land 
— tract of 450 acres. The gift will be ac- 
cepted and the hospital located there. 

* * * 

Municipal Good Resolutions for 1910: 
More economy. Careful legislation. An 
orderly punctual council. Franchises thor- 
oughly . investigated. New city charter. 
Ordinances codified and pruned of dead ma- 
terial. Comprehensive and intelligible city 
accounting. An honest budget worked out 
in detail. A thorough clean-up of streets, 
alleys and lots. Solution of the garbage 
difficulty. Beginning of work at San Pedro 
and Wilmington. Big lift for the aque- 
duct. Abolition of bad saloons. End of 
brewery saloon license traffic. Clean-up of 
bad lodging houses. Better housing regula- 
tions. Park and playground development. 
Growth of civic spirit. 

+ * + 

Industrial District: The present Council 
has wrestled manfully with the industrial 
district question, and if it has not worked 
out a satisfactory conclusion and is com- 
pelled to leave part of the work to its suc- 
cessor, it must be recognized that no con- 
clusion was possible that would be satis- 
factory to everybody and furthermore that 
the undertaking was one of stupendous 
proportions. The discussions in Council 
have tended to clear up public sentiment on 
this issue, and the city is greatly the gainer. 
No doubt it is extremely difficult to estab- 
lish such districts, and no doubt it will be 
equally difficult to maintain them. But at 
least a beginning has been made ; the line 
has been drawn ; there fs recognition of the 
fact that residence regions are not to be 
ruthlessly invaded and demoralized by in- 
dustrial enterprises. There is no disposi- 
tion on the part of our people to place any 
serious restrictions on enterprise : we would 
encourage and foster every kind of business 
development that does not interfere with 
the primary purpose of the city to be a place 



fit to live in. But it is best for all con- 
cerned that such enterprises concentrate and 
keep out of the residence district. Inevita- 
bly there is a no-man's-land between the 
industrial and residence districts that suf- 
fers and struggles against the arrangement, 
but that cannot be helped. 
•> * ■£• 

More Annexation: February 8, 1910, the 
people of Los Angeles will have an oppor- 
tunity to say whether Hollywood shall be 
allowed to enter the city. There is a popu- 
lation of 5000 and an assessed valuation of 
$6,000,000— which is about what the whole 
city of Los Angeles was assessed 30 years 
ago — a splendidly equipped school system, 
and $1,000,000 worth of street improve- 
ments. Adding Hollywood is in fact unit- 
ing a well built and thoroughly equipped 
up-to-date residence district, and if the 
water question can be settled in a form to 
satisfy the commission and their engineer- 
in-chief, Mr. Mulholland, there can be no 
objection to putting through the deal. 

* * + 

Police Commission: Although Messrs. 
Graham and Andrews and Judge Trask of 
the present police commission have been in 
service only nine months their work in that 
body 'has been such that their resignations 
will be accepted by the public with profound 
regret. Considering the situation they had 
to face when the Alexander administration 
began, and the handicap they were under 
in an unfriendly council, this commission 
has made a highly creditable record. Pio- 
neer work is usually less spectacular than 
work done after things are in better order, 
when results are easier to gain. The situa- 
tion last April called for courage, good 
judgment, patience and civic patriotism, and 
this commission shared with the mayor the 
possession of those qualities. The result 
was a general clean-up, a partial reorganiza- 
tion of the police force, including the elec- 
tion of a capable and honest chief, and the 
best administration of the department we 
have beheld for many years. 

♦ * * 

What a Mayor Might Do: An interesting 
bit of logic on an important civic issue ap- 
pears in Judge Hutton's decision sustaining 
the city's demurrer against the complaint of 
the dance hall people, in which they sought 
to undermine the validity of the ordinance 
cf regulation. -The city council passed the 
ordinance October 5th and the mayor 
signed it October 16th. It was published 
and went into effect on the 19th. The ref- 
erendum petition of the dance hall people 
was filed on the 16th of November, 31 days 
after the mayor's signature. The charter 
says 30 days after the approval of the 
mayor. The dance hall people contended 
that the real meaning of the charter was 30 
days after the ordinance went into effect, 
because it might be possible for a mayor to 
defeat the law by signing an ordinance and 
then concealing it until so much of the 30 
day period had elapsed as to make the sign- 
ing of a petition impracticable. The court 
holds that the people made this law with a 
full knowledge of the kind of mayors they 
were likely to elect, and that they did not 
contemplate ever choosing an executive who 
would be "so lost 'to any sense of decency 
and civic virtue" as to play such a trick. 



The judge might have added that a line 
of reasoning such as that offered by the 
plaintiffs would call for the making over 
by the courts of half the laws on the statute 

book. 

Tuberculosis Law: San Francisco's su- 
pervisors have passed an ordinance on the 
subject of tuberculosis that seems to have 
aroused a good deal of unfavorable com- 
ment. As originally passed it gave the 
Board of Health power to remove anyone 
afflicted 'with tuberculosis, who was not 





To Usher in The 
New Year—A Re- 

markableSpec- 
ial Sale of Fine, 
Furniture for | 
Bedroom Use 

Prices About Half 
Usual Cost 

A short time ago we se- 
cured at an unusual price 
concession from one of the 
best makers of Fine Bed- 
room Furniture, a large 
purchase of dressers, chif- 
foniers and dressing tables, also a num- 
of patterns in center and library tables, 
in genuine mahogany" specially selected 
quarter-sawed oak and finest birds-eye 
maple, all of the very newest design; spot 
cash at just the time the makers needed a 
large amount of ready money, completed a 
bargain that seldom 
occurs. Now instead of 
placing these splendid 
goods in stock at regu- 
lar prices, we propose 
to give our patrons the 
benefit of our advantageous purchase.and 
will offer the entire line at the same pro- 
portionate reduction upon which we pur- 
chased, as a special advertisement, to cen- 
ter interest in our new store and immense 
new stock. See Sunday papers for full 
particulars. Sale begins Monday morn- 
ing next. 




(New Location) 
724 to 732 So. Broadway 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



taking 

public hospital in the 

amended 
quire the \ here 

a rcn 

other be left t" the decision oi an 

individual physician or inspector. This or- 
dinam irious infringe- 

ment lal liberty, and yet the same 

infringement already tikis place in the 
ses that arc recognized 
Tuberculosis carries infec- 

mly when the patient is persistently 
care!' • se w hi i ci ime in 

t with him. It is plainly licst [or all 
concerned that a cas uld be 

transferred to a hospital — and yet it is 
tainly true that the authority to order such 
removals should be properly hedged about, 
so that there may be no risk of its abuse. 
+ + * 

Anti-Liquor Legislation: The liquor in- 
s are siid to be apprehensive that the 
present administration will pass new re- 
strictive legislation. It is known i. at the 

mayor is ni t an admirer of the saloon as a 
civic institution, an 1 his police commission 
i- likel) to contain men with whom the 
liquor interests have no "pull." As for the 
council, there i- not a single "rounder" in 
the 1). <ly — as a matter .if fact, they are al- 
most unanimously non-users of liquor. 
\\ 1 ile they are none of them prohibitionists, 
the) mas b led upon to take the good 

citizen's view of the liquor traffic wherever 
that comes in conflict with the liquor deal- 
ers' view, and they will act accordingly. 
But this d e-S not mean the closing of the 
saloons, nor any unnecessary interference 
with the business interests of those en- 
1 in tl is traffic. The fact is the trepi- 
dation of the liquor men over the situation 
is about 90 per cent guilty conscience. In 
a political sense they know they deserve to 
"get theirs," ami but for the -fact that the 
Good Government people are vastly more 
magnanimous than their opponents would 
be under like circumstances, they would cer- 
tainly get it. In the late campaign they sup- 
ported Smith and the entire machine ticket. 
The Good Government people owe them 
nothing at all. and the saloon men know it. 
However, this administration is not of the 
order that has political debts to pay and 
political enemies to punish. It is in office 
to give the city the best possible manage- 
ment of its affairs. If the mayor and police 
commission find that the welfare of the city 
calls for a more drastic treatment of the sa- 
loon and the liquor selling restaurant, they 
will report that fact to council, and legisla- 
tion is likely to follow. We do not look to 
see radical changes of any kind, but we shall 
be disappointed if. at the end of two years, 
there is not a diminution in the evils of the 
local liquor traffic. 

+ * * 

Wonderful Financiering: The morning 

machine organ in a desperate effort to give 
credit to the expiring city council with its 
Republican organization majority ami to 
the city auditor who used to he a pet of that 
paper, sprung a tremendous "sensation" 
with big headlines and cartoons about a gift 
of half a million dollars clear in the reserve 
fund, Which this council is leaving to its 
successor. As the statement has Frequently 
been made by members of this council that 
the reserve fund was completely exhausted, 
the attempt was made in these articles to 



the imp ill a 

old that the new council would 

cuter areer with a well-tilled purse, 

in spite of the fact that the present council 

started in with a deficit. What contempt 

a newspaper must h w hen 

deceive them by such palpable 

ii-i' ! lo represent as a wonderful dis- 
covery something that everybod) who, 
:o ask a question of any city official a 

ic.idih have found out, viz., that there was 
enough held out of the general assignment 
of funds to carry the city through the drv 
months of July or August — before the tax 
money comes in is to make a newspaper 
ridiculous. When Bostwick was city audi- 
tor, he used to take care of those months 
ol extra expenses now called "con- 
tingent," lo- deceiving Council as to the 
amount of income. When very hard 
pressed he "swiped" bond money. The 
financing of the council that went out in 
was pretty bad, worse a good deal than 
thai of the present council, which latter 
I" i\ has hail the good luck to have a strong 
capable business man at the head of its 
finance committee, viz., .Mr, Wallace. When 
the former council went out of office in 1907, 
they left no provision for the "dry" months, 
but" they did leave about $100,000 in the con- 
tingent fund. Understand the distinction 
between contingent or emergency fund and 
reserve fund. The former covers all miscel- 
lanei us expenses not scheduled in the gen- 
eral apportionment, and the latter, the re- 
serve fund, is carry over money to be used 
i' rover the months of July and August be- 
fore the tax money comes in. The latter is 
of course a matter of cash only as it is 
money that is advanced temporarily and is 
charged in with the expense of the new 
fiscal year and hence is paid back. In other 
words, the reserve fund is, or should be, 
a revolving fund. The present council and 
city auditor found no fund in readiness for 
the dry months of 1907 and were compelled 
to issue warrants which the banks dis- 
counted at a low rate of interest. This was 
so fiercely criticised that in its next year's 
financing council made provision for the dry 
months by putting unused balances into a 
special fund for that purpose, instead of cov- 
ering them back into the treasury. This 
is probably an evasion of the law, but it is 
necessary until the charter is revised to 
make provision for the dry months. But all 
this has nothing to do with the- deficit in the 
contingent fund, which is just as real and 
the new council will find just as exasperat- 
ing as though there was no such thing as a 
reserve fund. The city has six months to 
travel yet in this fiscal year, and expenses 
not covered in the apportionment are cer- 
tain to occur — so what is to be done? The 
expiring council have left the present body 
a lard problem. It is alleged that the re- 
serve fund can spare $100,000 for the con- 
tingent fund but that is a raw guess, subject 
to many chances. 

♦ ♦ ♦ 

Mrs. Pankhurst resents any tendency to 

n's suffrage as a fad. A real 

"fad" would not take nearly so long to gel 

a foothold in public fancy. — Washington 

Star. 

* * * 

While it may be true we could do more 
harm lo France than she could to us in a 
commercial war, yet the fact would be small 
comfort to any man whose business suf- 
fered therefrom. War, no matter of what 
kind, is just what General Sherman said it 
was. and should be avoided as far as 
sible. — Wall Street Journal. 



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PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



RAILWAY FREIGHT RATES AND 
THE TARIFF 



JOSEPH H. CALL 
(In the National Monthly) 



The fact that the tariff act operates 
as a railroad regulator is one of the 
most important questions before this 
country. The long hidden opposition 
of the railway interests to. any red ic- 
tion of the tariff is at last explained. 

It would not occur to an ordinary 
man why the basic or terminal rates 
between New York, Chicago. .Mis- 
souri River, or common points, and 
Pacific- Coast terminals are upon 
Portland cement, $7.00 a ton; upon 
pig iron, $10.00 a ton; upon structural 
steel, $16.00 a ton; upon cotton 
goods, $40.00 a ton; upon dry goods, 
$60.00 a ton; and upon automobiles 
$120.00 a ton. 

These different classes of freight 
are hauled the same distance over the 
.same routes, frequently ill the same 
train and by the same engine, and the 
risk of transportation (assumed 'by 
the shipper) is practically the same 
ill each case, and yet the rates range 
from $7.00 to $120.00 a ton. 

Originally the railways established 
genuine terminal rates at the railroad 
terminals, where they came to be 
called "terminal rates," but after the 
railway trust had with one hand seized 
the public highways of commerce 
upon the land and with the other 
seized the ports through the control 
of harbor frontage and dock facilities, 
there was no water competition to 
meet, and so the so-called "terminal 
rates" became a mere myth and an 
arbitrary charge used as a 'basis to 
raise interior rates to points east of 
Pacific terminals by making their 
rates the terminal rates plus the local 
rate back. 

That is the condition which con- 
fronts us today. 

These rates have been advanced 
during the last four years more than 
twenty-five per cent. 

Railway rates are fixed by competi- 
tion, which originally and during the 
days when railways were regulated 
by law, was mainly the competition 
of carriers, but now under the Inter- 
state Commerce Acts, of Congress, as 
construed by the Supreme Court, all 
of the naturally competitive, railroads 
may and they have all transconti- 
nental and terminal business, by 
which competition has been wholly 
suppressed as between themselves, 
and by which common rates are 
maintained. 

The competition which now con- 
trols rates is not the ^competition of 
carriers, but the competition of com- 
modities. 

The railroad companies always 
charge all they can get, which is 
sometimes expressed by saying that 
they charge "all the tariff will bear." 
H is to be remembered that their 
charges are not regulated by law, but 
the Commerce Acts provide that the 
railways shall fix the tariff of rates, 
which shall be filed with the com- 
mission, and which thereupon be- 
come legal rate. This rate is subject 
to a contest upon complaint of car- 
riers as to any particular rate, to be 
heard by the Commerce Commission, 
and which is then subject to contest 
in the courts with the never-ending 
delays before both the Commission 
and the Courts, but under which sys- 
tem nothing is accomplished except 
In permit the roads to combine and 
fix rates and to deceive the public in 
the belief that there is some legal 
regulation of rates. 

As a matter oF common knowledge 
the railroads fix and maintain the 
rates to suit themselves, and as they 
from time to time suppress water 
competition, they promptly advance 
the rates. 



With this power to make and ad- 
vance rates, why is it that the rail- 
road terminal rate on pig iron is 
$10.00 a ton instead of $60.00 a ton, 
the same as dry goods, and why are 
cotton goods $40.00 a ton instead of 
$120.00 a ton? 

To answer that question it will be 
necessary to examine two other acts 
of Congress both of which have been 
passed and are maintained in the in- 
terests of the Railway Trust. 

The first is the "Coastwise Trade 
Act," jby which law all foreign ships 
are prohibited under heavy penalty 
from carrying freight from one Amer- 
ican port to another American port, 
and the other is the present "Tariff," 
or Customs Act, which fixes duties 
to be paid on the importation into 
the United 'States of foreign goods. 

The official joint tariff of the .trans- 
continental railroads, comprising prac- 
tically all of the railways in the coun- 
try, on file with the Interstate Com- 
merce Commission, shows not only 
that all of the railroads are in a com- 
bine t'o fix and maintain rates, but 
that there is also combined with 
them the coastwise ship lines engaged 
in carrying freight between American 
ports. 

The report of the Interstate Com- 
merce Commission relative to the 
ramifications of the Harriman-Stand- 
ard Oil Combine shows that the com- 
bine not only controls railways run- 
ning from the Atlantic to the Pacific 
and from the Great Lakes to the Gulf, 
but also the coastwis.e ship lines such 
as the Pacific Mail iSteamship Com- 
pany and the Morgan Line arid also 
all other American Lines engaged in 
the foreign trade from Pacific Coast 
ports south of Portland. 

The normal water rate between 
New York and Pacific Coast points 
based upon charges made by foreign 
ship lines for similar distances is 
about $5.00 a ton for average freight, 
while the railway charges for the 
same haul by rail average about $30.00 
a ton, and nearly all the business is 
done by rail instead of by water. 

The shipper may object to paying 
the railway $30.00 a ton for bringing 
freight from Atlantic ports by rail 
while the normal water rate from 
New York is $5.00 and he may con- 
clude to shin his freight by water; 
hut aside from the control which the 
railways have of the docks and 
wharves on the Pacific Coast, the 
shipper finds that the American ship 
lines engaged in the coastwise trade 
are under the control of the railways 
and for that reason he cannot get an 
American ship line to carry his 
freight. 

He then turns to foreign ships, and 
he observes that there are numerous 
. English, German and French tramp 
ships which can be engaged to handle 
his freight, but he then discovers that 
such recourse has been cut off by the 
Coastwise Trade Act. which prohibits 
foreign ships from carrying freight 
between New York and Los Angeles 
or San Francisco. 

The shipper then as a last resort 
concludes that he will ship the goods 
which he wants from foreign coun- 
tries by foreign ships. 'He finds that 
among staple articles such as cotton 
goods, dry goods, pig iron. Portland 
cement, structural steel, etc., the 
prices in England are practically the 
same as in New York, and that by 
shipping in considerable quantities, 
the freight charge by water will be 
$5.00 a ton at the docks, and that 
dockage and terminal charges will 
make the total cost from England- or 
Germany about $6.00 to $7.00 a ton 
to Los Angeles or San Francisco. To 



this charge he must add the import 
duty which varies according to the 
article imported. 

The railway trust has likewise con- 
sidered all of these questions and has 
measured the power of the foreign 
competition in foreign ships, and con- 
sequently has based its transconti- 
nental charges to most staple com- 
modities upon the import duty plus 
the water rate from abroad. 

At this point the shipper and the 
railway trust meet upon a common 
ground, and the question as to which 
is going to do the carrying business 
depends upon the railway rate on the 
one hand and the import duty upon 
the other. The policy of the railway 
trust is to so adjust the rates as to 
meet this 'competition, which is the 
only competition with which they are 
threatened. 

Accordingly we find the following 
calculations have been made by the 
railway trust to meet foreign com- 
petition upon certain staple articles, 
as follows: 

First. (BITUMINOUS COAL has 
an import duty of 67 cents a ton and 
can be brought in from abroad for 
$6.00 a ton; so that the railways have 
fixed the rates upon coal from Utah 
and Colorado to Los Angeles and San 
Francisco, at $6.30 a ton. 

Second. PORTLAND CEMENT 
has an import duty of $1.60 a ton, and 
can be brought in from Germany for 
about $6.00 a ton, so the ' railways 
fixed the terminal rates to Pacific 
Coast points at $7.00 a ton, which are 
the present rates from the great fac- 
tories in Kansas. 

Third. PIG IRON, which is not 
produced upon the Pacific Coast, has 
an import duty of $4,00 a ton, and can 
be brought in by ships from abroad 
for about $6.00 a ton, and so we find 
the terminal rate is $10.00 a ton. 

Fourth. STEEL INGOTS (not 
manufactured on the Pacific Coast) 
are subject to an average import duty 
of about $8.00 a ton, and can be 
brought in from foreign ports for 
$5.00 or $6.00 a ton, and consequent- 
ly the railway terminal rate is $12.00 
a ton. 

Fifth. ORANGES. _ Mediterranean 
Oranges are 'brought in by water to 
the Atlantic Coast and lake ports, 
supplying the Atlantic Coast, Missis-' 
sippi Valley and Gulf States, at an 
average freight charge of $3.00 a ton, 
and the import duty upon oranges is 
1 cent a pound, or $20.00 a ton, so we 
find the terminal railway rates to be 
$23.00 a ton in carloads. 

Sixth. COTTON GOODS. The 
cotton schedule of the Tariff Act is 
a complicated affair and so is the dry 
goods schedule, but the import duty 
will average over $40.00 a ton upon 
the poorest classes of cotton goods 
or dry goods, and the water rate from 



abroad is about the same as other 
freight, so that upon these goods the 
railways get in their deadly rates by 
making the average terminal rate in 
carloads upon cotton goods, $40.00 a 
ton and on dry goods $60.00 a ton. 

These are the reasons why the rail- 
roads charge $6.00 a ton for one com- 
modity, $10.00 for another, $50.00 for 
another, and $120.00 a ton for another, 
all of which may be shipped over the 
same road, in the same cars, and for 
the same distance. 

We find that the railway rate is not 
measured by or based upon the value 
of the goods, the length of the haul, 
the time in transit, nor the carrier's 
risk. 

I do not claim that all railway 
rates are based upon the import duty, 
because some of them are determined 
by other factors such as local pro- 
duction, or the ability of the public 
to substitute some other article. 

AVIATION TO BE DISCUSSED 
AT EBELL CLUB 

The programme for the regular 
meeting of the Ebell Club next Mon- 
day, January 3rd, will be "Symposium 
on Aviation" in charge of Mr. Dick 
Ferris, assisted by Mr. Knabenshue, 
Mr. Willard, Mr. Harrison. 



Chief of Fire Brigade (to a member 
arriving late) — 'What do you mean by 
turning up when the fire is finished? 
Member — I live three miles away from 
here, sir. Chief — Well, you'd better 
move and live nearer here. — iBon Viv- 
ant. 



"Whativer made thee marry, John 
— and thee seventy?" "Because I 
thowt, lad, it 'ud be nice to think 
there'd be some un to close my eyes 
when time corned." "Close thee eyes! 
Why, mon, I'se had three wives, and 
they's all on 'em opened mine!" — 
Punch. 




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a truth that all must realize. The 
Steinway has become the standard 
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sufficient reasons. The masterly 
striving of Four Generations of 
Steinways is responsible for their 
incomparable product. It is ^ the 
perfect attainment of generations 
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PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



MUNICIPAL ADMINISTRATION 
OF THE CITY OF TORONTO 



the 
ivcrnment ecial- 

thc relations oi tin 
and the utility corpor. pre- 

Outlook by Th 

mayor of 
to and recently Los 

incorpor 
population was 
■. but con- 
stant until 1881, when, accordn 

the census taken by our Dominion 
■inient, the population reached 
In 1891 the population was 
: In 1901 A special 

taken in 1905, the popula- 
tion being found to be 262,749, and 
nother spe- 
cial census was taken, which, with the 

in adjacent tor: 
added, made the population 323.622. 

is esti- 
mated at about 350.000. 

Administration 
The council of the city of Toronto 
obtains its power of local administra- 
tion from the general municipal act 
1 by the legislature of the Prov- 
ince oi Ontario, which grants to all 
municipalities, villages, townships, 
towns, cities and counties the p 
exercised by their municipal councils. 
From time to time special legislation 
has been obtained for the city of To- 
ronto but this legislation has usually 
been incorporated in the general act. 

For -inc years prior to 1896 the 
city of Toronto was governed by a 
municipal council consisting of the 
Of, elected by the whole city, and 
thirty-nine aldermen, elected from 
thirteen different wards. Owing to the 
ili :onl development of the city. 
with the increasing volume of busi- 
ness, the administration of affairs be- 
came somewhat difficult and unwieldy 
and it was deemed advisable in the 
public interest to make a change. 
After a great deal of consideration 
and debate it was decided to divide 
the then city into six wards and elect 
four members of council from each 
ward, and from the members of coun- 
cil there should he selected three per- 
snn\ who. with the mayor as chair- 
man, should constitute a board of con- 
trol, giving the mayor, in case of a 
tic vote, an additional vote. A few 
years of experience, however, served 
to demonstrate that the board was 
still imperfect as thus constituted and 
its membership was increased from 
three to four members in addition 
to the mayor and the double vole of 
the mayor was taken away. Tt was 
found from experience that there was 
considerable caucusing and arranging 
among members of the council to se- 
cure a place on the board of control 
and the council applied for legislation 
to the legislature to amend the act 
and il was enacted that instead of the 
board of control being elected by the. 
aldermen, the city council should 
thereafter consist of three aldermen, 
elected from each of the six wards, 
making a total of eighteen aldermen, 
and four controllers, who, with the 
mayor, should be elected by the city 
.it large. Recently a suburb contain- 
ing a population of 12,000 was an- 
nexed as a seventh ward and it was 
given two aldermanic representatives 
in council. It might be added here 
that we have a property qualification 
for municipal elections, each elector 
must be assessed a- tenant or owner 
to the extent of four hundred dollars 
before he can exercise the franchise, 

The mayor, controllers and alder 
men all sit together in council meet- 
ings, the mayor presiding, and all 
ly equally the right of speaking 



and voting. The boi 

;s aim i -t 
for the transaction of public busii 

It will thus be SCen that til. 

control d from a comnt 

selected from the aldermen to a reRU 
larly elected office in the gi 
people. 

The council at the beginning ol each 

appoints several eornninl. I - 

namely, committee on works, commit 

tmittee on prop 

crty, committee on parks, lire and 

light , and island e ittei 

committees take up certain 

matters in these various departments, 
but all their reports have to come be- 
fore the board of control and are dealt 
with by the board of control before 
the same ait senl on to council, the 
board of control having the right to 
-t any amendment, change, al- 
'ii or addition to the report and 
when the matter conies up in council 
the vote is first taken upon the recom- 
mendation of the board of control. 
The board of control also is the com- 
mittee who prepare the estimates of 
receipts and expenditures and fix the 
tax rate for the current year, covering 
all the various city and municipal ser- 
vices. 

All the city business of every kind 
comes directly from or at least passes 
through the board of control to the 
city council. Many matters arc mere- 
ly reported to council. On all ques- 
tions of finance or the expenditure of 
money the report of the hoard can- 
not be set aside without a two-thirds 
vote of council, including the members 
of the board of control, go that in 
questions of expenditure the will of 
the board is almost sure to prevail if 
they are unanimous. The council may 
by a majority vote refer any ques- 
tion back to the board of control for 
further consideration. 

At each meeting of council, held 
twice a month, the greater portion of 
the time is taken up in considering 
reports of the board of control and as 
a rule they are passed substantially as 
sent on by the board. There are some 
few references back and occasionally 
an amendment, but as a rule the re- 
ports of 'the board become the action 
of the council. 

Tn addition to the preparation of 
the estimates and the striking of the. 
tax rate the board of control a'.V- 
thorizes all contracts for municipal 
works and supplies, opens all tenders 
and makes provision for the inspection 
of all public works. 

Our municipal officers are practi- 
cally appointed for life or good be- 
havior. The board nominates the 
head and deputy head of each depart- 
ment in the case of any vacancy and 
this recommendation can be set aside 
only by a two-thirds vote of council. 
All other lesser officials are appointed 
by the head of each department. The 
board of control has also power to 
dismiss or suspend officials. Tt con- 
trols the general direction of depart- 
mental work and it performs all other 
duties which may from time to time, 
by resolution or otherwise, be imposed 
upon it by the city council. 

The members of the board of con- 
trol practically devote the larger part 
of their time to the work of tin citj 
The mayor is really required to devote 
all his time. The mayor receives $5000 
per year ami each controller re e 
$2500. 

The administration of the board of 
control lias been mosl useful and has 
been very popular with our citizen... 
The board meets practically every day 
It gives every citizen the opportunity 
i.. bring any matter before them he 
may desire, " If he has a dispute with 
the head of one of the departments or 
any complaint to make against the ad- 



W'hen people buy a piano nowadaj 

when pi It is the F 

PI \\() thai be- wrought this change. Evci Pianola 

Piano — artistically, humanly from the moment il com 

Naturally, therefore, people prefer the Piano that makes music. 

THE PIANOLA PIANO 

The Weber and Stein- 
way, the Steck-Wheel- 
ock, and Stuyvesant 
Pianos 

an equipped with the wonderful 

Pianola— and the fact that these great 

piano factories have accepted the 

Pianola as the instrument they would 

use in connection with their product, 

unquestionably places the Pianola in 

the enviable position of the greatest 

of the world's players, recognized not 

only by Weber and Steinway. but by the world's greatest musicians, 

and" by musical people the world over. Those who desire highest 

quality buy the Pianola. 

We Are Exclusive Representatives of the Pianola 

Weber, Steinway, Steck, Wheelock, Stuyvesant Pianola Pianos may be 
had from us at Eastern prices, plus freight to the coast. Any Piano on 
Payments. 

THE HOUSE OF MUSICAL QUALITY 

Southern California Music Company 

332-334 SOUTH BROADWAY, LOS ANGELES, CAL. 




ministration, the meetings of the'board 
of control are always open to him. 

The first order of business each 
morning is for the board to receive 
deputations and every one who comes, 
from the highest to the lowest, is 
heard by the board and his matter re- 
ceives careful and sympathetic consid- 
eration, and it might be added that 
this privilege has not been abused by 
the citizens. 

While the constitution of the board 
has been of advantage to the citizens 
it has been equally of advantage to 
the officials. Any official who feels 
that be has been unjustly criticized has 
the right to come before the board 
and be heard, and any official is liable 
to be summoned before the board to 
produce papers and give explanations 
in all matters upon which the board 
may desire to make inquiry. It lias 
been of great advantage in the protec- 
tion of efficient officials and a great 
incentive to careless officials to do 
their duty in the carrying on of all 
municipal work. 

All the ordinary meetings of the 
board are public. We have six daily 
newspapers, three morning and three 
evening, and six reporters are in con- 
stant attendance at the meeting- :.m.\ 
every day the citizens have laid be- 
fore them in their favorite newspaper 
the business transacted by the board 
during the day. The board, however, 
has the right to hold private meetings 
and frequently exercises this right, 
particularly in consulting regarding 
matters of law or intricate business 
negotiations, or in considering esti- 
mates with the heads of the various 
departments. 

The members of the board, includ- 
ing the mayor and also the aldermen. 
are elected for a term of one year 
only. The aldermen are paid an hon- 
orarium of $300 and the chairman of 
committees get $100 in addition. 

In the Toronto system of municipal 
government we have, I believe, all the 

advantages of nmission without 

it- disadvan i ages. The b< ia 
trol is practically an executive or 
net administering the affair- of the 
cit> and the council ! 
lative body who may on a two-thirds 
vote set aside any mal n a ma- 

jority vote refer it back to the board 



for further consideration. If the board 
should happen to get out of touch 
with public opinion then the aldermen 
may exercise their power. 

Assessment 

The assessment of the city, which 
is made several months before the 
end of the year for the following year, 
lias been as follows: 

1880 $ 50,000,000 

1890 126,000, 

1900 124,000,000 

1905 149,0011,000 

1909 227,000,000 

1910 268,000,000 

The rate of taxation for the past 

four years has been 18J.2 mills on the 
dollar. This covers all general taxes 
and school rates. 

City Debt 

The gross debt of the city on Jan- 
uary 1, 1909, was $32,093,511.56. 
Against tins -inking funds were held 
amounting to $9,799,358.16, making 
net debt $23,294,153.40. 

Of this net debt $6,362,705.00 is for 
local improvements such as sewers, 
side-walks, roadways, etc., which are 
specially rated by a frontage tax. 

Our system of local improvements 
is different from most of tin \m. ri 
can cities. The street intersections 
and certain ftankage allowanci 
charged against the city as a whole 
and the balance is levied by a frontage 
tax against the propertj owners, The 
council an anges to pul down the sew- 
er, roadway or side-walk, lets the 
contract by tc nder, borrows the mi m- 
3'A or 4 per cent interest and 
divides the payments over a p 
of ten years, in i hi ca se of pi rm 

;.lks or roadways, and in the 

ty years, and collects the in 

annually with the taxes. Deducting 

This debt was I; . about 

bj the construi I i water 

works system, th 
ball, which 

the To 

public im| 



8 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



Public Utilities 

Prior to 1891 our street railway was 
operated by a company as a horse 
railway. The company's franchise .ex- 
pired in that year, the city purchased 
the plant, etc., and granted a fran- 
chise for an electric railway to an- 
other company for a period of thirty 
years. The terms of this agreement 
may he briefly stated- as follows: 

The company has the exclusive right 
to operate an electric surface street 
railway for passengers in the city of 
Toronto. They took over all the 
property acquired by the city from the 
old company, including rails, rolling 
stock, horses, real estate, etc., at a 
price determined by arbitration. At 
the termination of the contract in 
1921 the city may take over all real 
and personal propcrtv necessary to 
be used in connection with the railway 
at a valuation to be determined by 
arbitration, each party to bear one- 
half the cost of such arbitration. In 
fixing the price no value is to be 
placed on the franchise. 

The city is to construct, reconstruct 
and maintain in repair the street rail- 
way portion of the roadway, viz: for 
double track 16 feet 6 inches and for 
single track 8 feet 3 inches on all 
streets traversed by the system. 

Single car fares are five cents. A 
class of tickets is sold at the rate of 
eight for 25 cents, the same to be 
used only by passengers between 5:30 
a. m. and 8 a. m. and between 5 p. m. 
and 6:30 p, m. Another class is sold 
at the rate of 25 for $1 and another 
class at the rate of 6 for 25 cents. 
Children under nine years of age and 
not in arms are carried at hair-fare 



rates, and infants in arms are carried 
free. School children have tickets at 
the rate of 10 for 25 cents to be used 
only between 8 a. m. and 5 p. m. and 
not on Saturdays. The payment of a 
fare entitles a passenger to a continu- 
ous ride from any point on said rail- 
way to any other point on a line or 
branch of said railway within the city 
limits. The passengers carried in 1908 
were 89,137,571 and the average fare 
was 3:85 cents. 

The company pays the city $800 per 
mile single track per annum and on 
the first Monday of each month the 
following percentage of the gross re- 
ceipts from passenger fares, freight, 
express, mail rates and all other 
sources of revenue derived from the 
traffic: 

On all gross receipts up to $1,000,- 
000 per annum, 8 per cent. 

Between $1,000,000 and $1,500,000 
per annum, 10 .per cent. 

Between $1,500,000 and $2,000,000 
per annum, 12 per cent. 

Between $2,000,000 and $3,000,000 
per annum, 15 per cent. 

■ And on all gross receipts over $3,- 
000,000 per annum, 20 per cent. 

The system of accounts and book- 
keeping adopted by the. company is 
approved by the city treasurer and 
the auditors appointed by the city. 

In 1897 a new agreement was ne- 
gotiated permitting a car service on 
Sunday, the cash fare to be the same 
as on week days, but seven tickets to 
be sold for 25 cents, good at any hour 
during the da}'. Since 1891 the city 
has received from the company the 
following: 



Year Mileage 

1891 (4 months only) / 18,134.94 

1892 55,134.00 

1893 56,340.00 

1894 .' 58,170.00 

1895 60,000.00 

1896 ■60,000.00 

1897 60.000.00 

1898 64,000.00 

1899 64,000.00 

1900 64,000.00 

1901 , 6S.000.00 

1902 70,274.52 

1902 (arrears of mileage) 37,236.16 

1903 71,985.33 

1904 73,873.60 

1905 73.982.00 

1905 (arrears of mileage) 6.879.56 

1906 78.445.08 

1906 (arrears of mileage) 2,520.57 

1907 80.994.33 

1908 81,158.00 

1909 (percentage for 11 months only) 81,158.00 



Percentage Total 

22,967.10 41,102.04 

65,239.38 120,373.38 

72,234.5.1 128,574.51 

76,385.70 134,555.70 

78,195,76 138.195.76 

78,921.67 138.920.67 

85.673.96 145,673.96. 

98,361.46 162,361.46 

111.425.66 175,425.66 
127,128.10 191,128.10 

145.209.24 213,209.24 
165,172.69 235,447.21 
37,235.16 

206.934.25 278,920.58 
249,511.42 323,385.02 
292,706.72 366.688 72 

6,879.56 

348.963.48 427,408.56 

2 520 57 

4i9.6O5.9i 50o!60L24 

447.387.67 528,555.67 
472,944.93 554,102.93 



In addition to the foregoing the 
company pays taxes on a large valua- 
tion of property, the receipts in this 
way in 1909 amounting to about $50,- 
000. 

It is understood that the mileage 
allowances paid to the city will cover 
the cost of constructing, reconstruct- 
ing and keeping in repair the street 
railway portion of the roadway, thus 
leaving the percentage practically clear 
profit for the city. 

The railway does no freight busi- 
ness. 

Water Works 
The water works system is owned 
and operated by the city, the water 
being taken from Lake Ontario. The 
water rates are very moderate. The 
following will give an idea as to the 
charges which are made: 

Per year 
4-roomed house with water sup- 
plied to sink in kitchen $1.60 

6-roomed house with water sup- 
plied to sink in kitchen 2.40 

S-roomed house with water sup- 
plied to sink in kitchen 3.20 

10-roomed house with water sup- 
plied to sink in kitchen 3.60 

4-roomed house with water sup- 
ply in kitchen, bath room wash 

basin and lavatory 4.00 

6-roomed house with water sup- 
ply in kitchen, bath room wash 

basin and lavatory 4.80 

8-roomed house with water sup- 



ply in kitchen, bath room wash 

basin and lavatory 5.60 

10-room house with water sup- 
ply in kitchen, bath room wash 

basin and lavatory 6.20 

4-roomed house with water sup- 
ply in bath room wash basin, 
kitchen, lavatory and with laun- 
dry tubs .. , 4.80 

6-roomcd house with water sup- 
ply in bath room wash basin, 
kitchen, lavatory and w r ith laun- 
dry tubs 5.60 

8-roomed house with water sup- 
ply in bath room wash basin, 
kitchen, lavatory and with laun- 
dry tubs 6.40 

10-roomed house with water sup- 
ply in bath room wash basin, 
kitchen, lavatory and with laun- 
dry tubs 7.20 

Special. rates are charged for sprink- 
ling lawns, gardens, grass plots, etc. 
These are very moderate. Just one 
example: A lawn of 3000 square feet 
will cost $1.40 for the season. 
Gas 
Gas is supplied for illuminating, 
heating and cooking purposes by a 
company. The city holds a small 
amount of stock iii the company and 
the mayor of the city is, by virtue of 
his position, a membef of the board 
of directors of the company. 

The gas company was incorporated 
very early in the history of the city 
and under their original charter they 



were prevented from earning a greater 
dividend than ten per cent. In 1887 
they applied for power to increase 
their capital stock and before the in- 
crease was granted the legislature, at 
the request of the city, made it in- 
cumbent upon the company to sell all 
their new stock by public auction to 
the highest bidder. As the company 
paid ten per cent dividend the stock 
has for many years sold at about $200, 
thus giving the company the capital 
required for their business at about 
nve per cent interest. ' 

The company is permitted to set 
aside a rest fund proportionate to the 
amount of the capital and also a 
building and plant renewal fund. 
From time to time, as the rest fund 
attains a certain percentage of the 
capital, the price of gas must be re- 
duced. At the present time gas is 
supplied at 75 cents per thousand feet. 

Cattle Market 
The city owns the cattle market and 
a large cattle trade has been developed 
in our city. The returns for the last 
three years are as follows: 

Stock Returns 

1906 1907 1908 

Cattle 136,703 162,658 148,722 

Sheep 149.408 159,547 154,053 

Hogs 117,297 117.5S7 89,829 

Calves 23,958 27,208 26,598 

Totals ... 427,366 467,000 419,202 
Disbursements, 
including 
Receipts improvements 
from fees and renewals 

1906 $ 45,602.71 $ 40,859.60 

1907 48,151.12 33,313.86 

1908 51,616.65 29,759.51 

$145,370.65 $103,932.97 

Toronto Exhibition 

In 1878 the Toronto Industrial Ex- 
hibition Association was incorporated 
and since that year annual exhibitions 
have been held. At first the fair was 
held for only, one week. At present it 
is held for two weeks, commencing 
usually on the last Monday in August. 

The board of directors is constituted 
at present as follows: Eight repre- 
sentatives appointed by the city coun- 
cil, eight representatives representing 
various manufacturing and commer- 
cial boards, eight representatives rep- 



resenting the agricultural and stock 
raising interests. 

The city has provided a beautiful 
site on the shore of Lake Ontario con- 
taining 200 acres of land and has been 
providing from time to time perma- 
nent buildings for the carrying on of 



Christian Science Services 

Second Church of Christ Sci- 
entist— Ebell Hall, 18th and Fi- 
■ gueroa streets. 

Third Church of Christ Sci- 
entist — Simpson Auditorium, 734 
S. Hope Street. Services Sun- 
day 11 a. m. and 8 p. m. Ser- 
mon from the Christian Science 
Quarterly. Subject: 

"GOD" 

Children's Sunday School 
9:30 a. m. Wednesday evening 
meetings at 8 o'clock. Reading 
Rooms, 704 Herman W. 
Hellman Bldg., Spring and 
Fourth streets, open daily, Sun- 
days excepted, from 9 a. m. to 
9 p. m. 



$3 



CASH Puts a 
Piano in Your 
Home : : : 



During our Great Remodeling and 
Removal Clearance Sale, Prices 
Radically Reduced. Every Piano 
must find a home at once. We'll 
arrange terms to suit. $3 CASH 
secures the Piano you prefer. 
Look Into This QUICK! 

Lucore Piano Co, 



7th and Hope 



0pp. P. 0. Block 



OFF 

ON ALL SUITS AND OVER- 

Cd A TC NOTHING 
vA-Jf\ 1 O" RESERVED 



$30.00 Suits and Overcoats, Now $20.00 

$25.00 Suits and Overcoats, Now 16.65 

$22.50 Suits and Overcoats, Now 15.00 

$20.00 Suits and Overcoats, Now 13.35 

$18.00 Suits and Overcoats, Now. . 12.00 

$15.00 Suits and Overcoats, Now 10.00 

Now is the chance to save one-third on your Suit and 
Overcoat. 

Do not delay, or the Suit you want may be gone. 

We alter free of charge and keep the suit or overcoat 
pressed and repaired for one year. 

On sale, 50 dozen choice neckwear, regular 75c and $1.00 

50c. 



8 
* 
* 



W. HUNTER & CO 



525 SOUTH SPRING 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 






- 
Schools 



il levy 

the annual 
in be 
ilio publii 

Police 

the city ) 
d by a 
olice comrais 

the conn- 
ate and the 

with all matters pertainii 
the administration of the polit 
partment of the city. 

Investigations 

We have a very easy way of investi- 

which may be 

M either members of the council 

Rcials. Under section ,U4 of our 

General .Municipal Act it is enacted as 

follOWS: 

"In case the council of any munici- 
pality al anj time passes i resolution 
- 1 i" w the judge of the county 
liny in which the mu 
nicipality is situate to investigate any 
matter to lie mentioned in the resolu- 
a'.d relating to a supposed mal- 
feasance, breach of trust, or other mis- 
ict on the part of any member of 
the council, officer or servant of the 
hi or any person having .1 
herewith, in relation to the 

ligath ns of the member. 

□ other person to the munici- 
pality hi- in "case the council of any 
municipality sees lit to cause inquiry 
in be made into or concerning any 
matter connected with the good gov- 
ernment of tbe municipality or the 
conduct "I an) part of the public busi- 
ness thi r, i.i", and passes ;i resolution 
"requesting the judge to make inquiry, 
tin judge shall inquire into the same 
and shall fur that purpose have all the 
powers which may be conferred upon 
1 mmissioners under the act respect- 
ing inquiries concerning public mat- 
ter- and lie judge shall. w ith all con- 
venient -peed, report to tbe council 
the result of the inquiry and the evi- 
1. e taken therei m." 
From nine in time we have had in- 
vestigations which have been very ef- 
fective in clearing up and in righting 
matters whin- there bad been miscon- 
duct Or breach of trust in the admin- 
istration of affairs of the city 
Politics 
Under the system party politics are 
largely eliminated from civic admin- 
istration. The electors of the city of 
Toronto in the dominion and provin- 
cial elections, by a great majority, sup- 
port the Conservative party, but in 
municipal affairs they very frequently 
elect mil mile- as mayor of the city 
but as controllers and aldermen, rep- 
n sentatives of the Liberal party. The 
mayor, during the years 1901 ami 1902 
was Conservative, during the years 
1903-1904-1905 Liberal, during" the 
pea - 1906-1907 Conservative, and dur- 
ing tbe years 1908-1909 Liberal. 
The Growth of the City 
The growth of the city in recent 
is very well illustrated in the 
building permits for tbe last six years 

1- follows: 

No. Of 

permits Value 

1904 .1,816 $ 5.S96.120 

1905 2,674 10,347.910 

1906 . .14.!') 13,160,398 

1907 ...3,572 14,225,800 

1908 ...3,921 11,795,436 
i""" (to Nov.30). .. .4.721 16J535.682 

rhi ■ nto > ..in ui municipal 
ill ' doubt has it ^ « eak 
points, but it has worked very satis 



Wini 

adian 

deling il- 
My own 1 lid be 

improved Ivy the abolition of all the 
c inmitti 1 
1 liter m. .re fully Upon tin 

: duty 
ministering all the affairs of the 
old make the council more than 
it has been in the past a legislative 
dealing with the reports of the 
exercising its power to 
and nier back tin- reports 

time to time when they believe the 
board has been hasty or impi 
or mistaken in its judgment upon the 
questions " ii ;. . ime bi foi e 1 hem. 



Golden Words 
From Pinchot 



"The American people evidently 

!. up their mind- that our 

inal 1 < sources must be conset t ed. 

That i- (rood, but it settles only half 
tin' question. For whose benefit -bull 
:li. \ br conserved? For the benefit 
of the many, or for the u-c and profit 
of the few' The great conflict now 
being fought will decide. 

'There is no other question before 
us that begins to be so important, or 
that will be so difficult to straddle, as 
the grea'l question between special in- 
terest mil equal opportunity; between 
the privileges of the few anel the 
rights of the many; between favor- 



ite men, and government 
beta . 
Roos< * .ii id the men who 

Kill. 

user- 
\ation problem tod 

"I believe in one form of govern- 
ment, and I believe in l 

rubs But we must face tin 

that monopoly of the of pro- 

duction makes it impossible foi 

number- of men and women to earn 
a fair living. Right here th. 

inn question touches the daily 
life of the gnat body of our pi 
who 

\n'l :li.- price i- heavy. That prici 

may be the chance 10 save boys from 

the saloons and tbe corner gang, and 

worse, and to make good 

of them instead of bad 

"The 1 eople of the United Si 

' tin- complacent victims of 
a system of plunder, often perpe- 
trated by men who would have been 
surprised beyond measure to be ac- 
cused of wrongdoing, and many of 
whom, in their private lives, were 
mode] citizens. But they have suf- 
fered from a curious moral perver- 
sion, by which it becomes praise- 
worthy to do for a corporation things 
which they would refuse with the 
loftiest scorn to do for themselves. 
Fortunately for us all, that delusion 
is passing rapidly away. 

"It is the honorable distinction of 
the Forest Service that it has been 
more constantly, more violently and 
more bitterly attacked by representa- 
tives of tbe special interests in recent 
years than any other government 
bureau. These attacks have increased 



feci i v 

wealth The i 

have been in preventing land 

bing anil tl 

m ori tl 01 i fi on and 

the more dangi 1 

bei ome. A fa\ oritc one 

i that the 1 , ice, in its 

zeal I'm- the public welfare, has played 
duck- and drakes with the acts of 

"The fact is. the service has had 

nt in law .- lung it has 

.1 \. 1 once since ii was created 

lu ■ .mi rh irge ui illegality, d 
iln iini-i searching ini m and 

the bitterest attack, ever led to re- 
versal or reproof by either house of 
Congress, or by any Congressional 

. 1 iiinitti-e, 
"Since the Fores! Service called 
public attention to the rapid absorp- 
tion of water-power sites and the 
threatening growth of a great water- 
power monopoly, attacks upon it 
have increased with '-narked rapidity. 
I expect that they will continue do- 
ing -11. Still greater opposition is 
promised in the near future. There 
i- uiily one protection- -an awakened 
public opinion, That i- why I give 
you the facts." — Fropi Pinchot's 
Sneech at the New Yor'< University 
Club. 

Miss Smart — Have you ever been 
through algebra? "Yes, but it was in 
the night, and I didn't see much of 
the place." — Independent. 




^.Dear Sirs: I was much pleased to listen to 
your rendilion of the Autopiano, which is the 
height of ingenuity, when it comes lo playing 
the piano hv means of a music roll. Your in- 
strument follows thoroughly the int-rpretation 
of the performers, giving a dignified reading of 
the classics. Bv your system for accenting the 
melodv, oners led to imaffine hearing the vel- 
vety touch of n Paderev.l-i and seems lo live 
and breathe. Sncerely, MARY C 'VRDEN. 



Gentlemen: The Autopiano is certainly 
the greatest interior playcrlhave ever seen ar.d 
i have examined ihem all. I derive more en- 
joyment out of my Autopiano than worels can 
empress, and itisinvaluaLle tome in rr • op r r- 
alie work, as without study, 1 can fanilbrizc 
myself with all the operas ard rendtr them 
wilh all the expression intended by their com- 
posers. Most cord'ollv yol-rs, 

FEDER1CO CARASA. 



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there is no player piano to equal it. 
F.-ilhfclIy yo'-rs. 

MME. L. TETRAZZ1NI. 




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10 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



Material for New Year Resolutions 



The New Citizenship Versus Corpora- 
tion Directors. 

What follows may suggest good 
New Year Resolutions to directors of 
public utility corporations and to con 
sumers. The writer recently heard 
a lecture given by a noted speaker \n 
Los Angeles, and it suggested the 
title as well as all that follows, ex- 
cept that his protest was directed 
against corporation laws, rather than 
against corporation directors. 

'When prior to 1776, 'Great Britain 
levied arbitrary taxes against her 
American colonies without granting 
the American citizens a voice in the 
determining of these taxes, she 
aroused what is now known as the 
old-time citizenship. The result as 
we all know was that America's rep- 
resentative men met at Philadelphia 
for the purpose of formally seceding 
from the mother 'country and to out- 
line a citizenship that was to serve 
as the model for that of the new 
country. The Declaration of Inde- 
pendence was adopted at this meet- 
ing, and they were true citizens who 
endorsed it. When these brave men 
signed this document they well knew 
that they made themselves liable to 
arrest by Great 'Britain, and they 
knew that if they were caught by 
British officers they would be hanged 
as traitors. Great Britain had a pow- 
erful army and navy and tremendous 
resources. America had no army, 
navy, arms, ammunition, money, or 
other resources. It required bravery 
and principle in these men to sign the 
Declaration. This bravery stands out 
all the more clearly because most of 
the signers from the material view- 
point, were not immediately nor no- 
ticeably oppressed. They expected 
this citizenship to fight for them and 
for itself against great odds, to fight 
under severe suffering for an indefin- 
ite period of .time; to fight, not only 
under the usual trials of war, but un- 
der those caused in the outset by lack 
of food, shelter, clothing, shoes, arms 
and ammunition. 'With good reason 
did they have confidence in the citi- 
. zenship of the average American. 
Furthermore, the average citizens of 
that time had confidence in the citi- 
zenship of the representative men 
that they had chosen, and with good 
reason also. He who knows the his- 
tory of the American Revolution 
knows that most Americans had con- 
fidence in the citizenship of most 
other Americans. He knows by what 
extreme suffering this citizenship was 
tested. He knows that if there ever 
was a war for noble citizenship the 
war of America's Revolution was 
such a war. The colonists fought 
against arbitrary taxation not because 
it was taxation but because it was tax- 
ation without giving the taxpayer 
any voice in fixing the rates. They 
fought for more than this; namely, 
for ideal citizenship, as set forth in 
the Declaration of Independence. 
Those who heard the lecture referred 
to can fully appreciate the foregoing. 
Has citizenship cheapened since the 
country's early days? Are we as 
self-sacrificing in fighting for the 
same ideal at the present time? To 
be sure, should Great Britain en- 
deavor to tax our importations of tea 
from China, there would be instant 
war; but this supposed case is not a 
parallel to that of 1776. At that time 
Americans had always been British 
subjects, and to all appearances 
America had hardly one twentieth of 
the fighting strength of the mother 
country. In the beginning of the 
war, there was the liability of being 
taken individually and hanged as a 



traitor. It was evident that the hard- 
ships of the American soldier would 
be extreme. To face these dangers 
required the highest kind of patriot- 
ism. The lecturer is an experienced 
man and he doubted whether at the 
present time there is not a dangerous 
scarcity of the old-time citizenship. 

Let 'us look at one common feature 
of our every day life, a feature that 
measures the present-day citizenship. 
When a public service corporation 
charges fifty to one hundred per cent 
.more for a commodity than is neces- 
sary for a reasonable profit, we often 
do not object although we are quite 
certain that the overcharge is taking 
place. We have laws to prevent such 
overcharge, ,but we have not devel- 
oped practical ways to . determine 
what the charge should be. Such 
overcharge is private taxation con- 
trary to our laws. Sometimes in the 
natural course of events corporation 
overcharge becomes apparent and is 
proven to be great. In such a case 
the present-day citizenship often sub- 
mits to the overcharge through lack 
of political manhood. Occasionally 
the public demands a correction in 
rates, but it seems that this demand 
is with most people based on a de- 
sire to save a few dollars, rather than 
on the broader moral reason. 

It is an old story, yet it is true 
that by means of devious devices em- 
ployed in politics most public service 
corporations resist this demand for 
the correction of overcharge. By 
means ,of political devices these cor- 
porations succeed in helping men in- 
to public office who are subservient 
to them. As these men regulate pub- 
lic service rates, the demands for re- 
adjustment of these rates, even if ever 
so reasonable, are met with indefinite 
delay. 

Sometimes the case is an especial- 
ly aggravated one so that, as said be- 
fore, even present-day citizenship 
forces a correction. Sometimes the 
public service corporation effects a 
business-like adjustment, with the 
public; at other times the public must 
engage in municipal* ownership in or- 
der to serve itself in an effort to avoid 
arbitrary rates, and often times un- 
civil treatment. This, however, does 
not trouble the directors of the*cor- 
poration; they believe that present 
day citizenship has little strength, 
little character. They take for grant- 
ed that all they need to do is to wait 
a short time in order that citizenship 
may become diverted by its other 
cares, and then to offer the services 
of the corporation to the public at a 
price which is below cost and lower 
than that at which the municipal plant 
can render the services. To thus 
lose money in one place does not 
particularly worry the corporation di- 
rectors as, sometimes, they can by 
more or less indirect means tax other 
neighborhoods a little more; or they 
may have accumulated an emergency 
fund by reason of previous rates that 
were excessive, which funds they hold 
available for competition. They cal- 
culate how much they can afford to 
lose for the purpose of putting the lo- 
cal municipal plant into disrepute, so 
that the citizenship of the neighbor- 
ing towns can more readily be kept 
from demanding lower rates or from 
serving itself through municipal own- 
ership. These directors believe, and 
too often rightly, that present-day 
citizenship will desert the municipal 
enterprise and return to the corpora- 
tion that had overcharged it and 
otherwise offended it. They believe 
that -municipal ownership is entered 
into by the public partly under Only 
a temporary revival of old-time citi- 



zenship, but mostly because of a de- 
sire to save a few immediate dollars. 
These directors do not believe that 
municipal ownership is ever adopted 
on account of the principles that are 
involved in resisting and defeating 
proven .overcharge by private enter- 
prise. In fact the average present- 
day citizenship does not see that a 
principle is involved. It does not un- 
derstand the far-reaching bad effects 
on human progress of decided over- 
charge by corporations, and of sub- 
mission by the public to long-con- 
tinued arrogance of corporation 
agents', high or low. Of course, hu- 
man frailty as. exhibited by corporation 
agents, should be met with patience 
and common sense, so long as pa- 
tience remains a virtue. It is not wise 
to be too particular, because nearly all 
people become arbitrary in their ac- 
tion toward weak citizenship, espe- 
cially when they are entrenched be- 
hind political and 'financial stockades. 
The saddest and most discouraging 
feature of the whole thing is that 
many directors of public service cor- 
porations feel gratified by the knowl- 
edge that the present-day citizenship 
is extremely weak, — so weak that 
they can lead it with the bait of 
money, how and where they will. 

Are directors, so long as they are 
gratified by such discouraging knowl- 
edge, capable of even weak citizen- 
ship? 

Only a few years ago citizenship 
was so low in all large cities that a 
man who with modesty and with right 
feeling acted honestly toward the 
public, or, for that matter, toward his 
neighbor, was considered foolish by 
the majority of his fellow citizens. 



Now, however, a new citizenship is 
germinating everywhere. It is a citi- 
zenship that understands and can 
withstand political bribery and graft 
as well as the temptations of modern 
business. 'Honest municipal owner- 
ship is but one expression of this new 
citizenship. Every municipal enter- 
prise that is honestly conducted, and 
that was entered into for the material 
good of the citizen and for the pro- 
motion of free citizenship, should be 
jealously guarded by the people. In 
case such enterprise is carelessly con- 
ducted the duty of the people is plain. 
This is especially true where the pub- 
lic is engaged in trying to free itself 
of the domination of a private cor- 
poration that has made itself unbear- 
able. 

He who knowingly retards the new 
citizenship in any of its efforts has 
much to account for. The majority 
of directors of public service corpora- 
tions and of all so-called ''Big Busi- 
ness*' corporations are subject to the 
foregoing criticisms. The pending 
economic and political struggle is 



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PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



11 



principally between unwise directors 
\ient politicians and 
•nship on the 

ghtful anil 

new 

irited 

itions 

that a d. There is no oc- 

ilirector to put hard 

■ Id he 



ck he, no doubt, would in 
lime become a politically thoughtful 

little 

■ I circumstances made him 

ickholder and director he. most 

likely, would at first have been an 

unwise director. Nevertheless, the 

consumer's resolution at least should 

'ii to the new citizenship, 

William Thum. 



A Notable Book 



received a 
Criminals," a volume 
ted by the Prison Re- 
form League, 44.! South M 

i price of $1.00. It is 
and intelli- 

; hat particular and limited 

■ rs that we choose to call 
criminals. It is a terrible ar 
ment and yet every newspaper man 

who h his time as a police 

reporter and every official who has 
- d in this line of work and every 
man of affairs who has made inquiry 
- that it is all true and knows 
furthermore that it needs to be said. 
Perhaps we can best do the book- 
justice by quoting passages from it: 
Torture 
We boast a literature that has 
ransacked the accumulations of 
inspiring thought; yet. 
as a nation, we cling tenaciously 
to the .savage's instinct for re- 
venge, embodied in capital pun- 
ment. When we speak of t^r 
Hire we think of the Dark Ages 
yet in the penitentiaries and re- 
formatories — God save the mark! 
of leading states torture, in most 
rolting forms, is practiced 
habitually. 

"When you have broken the 
>pirit of a criminal,"' says Coll i- 
son, "ami lacerated his flesh as 
far as human endurance is pos- 
sible (gauged by the medical men 
in attendance), be sure of one 
tiling: Yuu will have to support 
that man. in and out of prison, 
for. the rest of his life. Let the 
advocates of the 'cat' note that 
fact. To lacerate and smash up, 
morally and physically, the crim- 
inal is — apart from all questions 
of humanity — a somewhat expen- 
sive luxury for the already over- 
burdened people of this country." 
Crime and Economics 
A never ceasing flood of dis- 
charged convicts pours back into 
our penitentiaries, not because 
they have found life there a para- 
dise, but because the thumbscrew 
of present want exercises a pres- 
sure far more potent than does 
the fear of future, but uncertain, 
punishment, however severe. 
Here is the true answer to the 
question why deterrence, pushed 
to the very limits of human en- 
durance, does not deter. 

We know well that the prison 
is but part of the great social 
question: that, as a general rule. 
poverty is the parent and the slum 
the kindergarten of vice. But we 
also know that, while these pre- 
pare the soil, it is the administra- 
tion of our criminal law that 
plants the seed and supplies the 
tropical conditions that brings it 
to the instant maturity of crime. 
Prisoners of Poverty 
Whether or no this book will 
bt'in;; a money profit we cannot 
tell: but, if it does, all present 
profit will lie devoted to the re- 
leasi those now lying in the 

("iln-, : i penitentiaries of Pol- 
and San Quentin, prisoners of 
poverty. There are many, very 
many such men, who would be 
jive :;i roles tomorrow if 



they could raise the sum required. 
As it is. twenty-five dollars must 
be deposited with the authorities, 
and there arc other ex| 
which bring the total up t" be- 
tween fifty and sixty dollars 
Thus these men are rc.dh being 
punished for the crime of being 
Whatever this work 
will be set aside by the 
lie as a fund 
for their relief. 

"1 believe," says Judge Mc- 
ECenzie Cleland of the Municipal 
Court of Chicago, "that the send- 
ing of thousands of men and 
women to the House of Correc- 
tion every year, merely because 
they are too poor to pay a fine, is 
barbarous injustice and a wasteful 
and extravagant method of rais- 
ing revenue. I believe that lock- 
in- up a man wdio has committed a 
trivial offense, and feeding and 
clothing him at public expense 
while his wife and children suffer 
for the necessaries of life, is pun- 
ishing the innocent more than the 
guilty." 

Indeterminate Sentence 

The modern school of penol- 
ogy, therefore, urges that the 
present method of imposing sen- 
tences is, at the best, happy-go- 
lucky; that it is utterly unscienti- 
fic; that it had its rise in the days 
of one-man power and is satu- 
rated with the spirit of autocracy, 
and that it looks only to the pun- 
ishment of individual crimes, in- 
stead of justice and the reforma- 
tion of the individual criminal. In 
the indeterminate sentence it con- 
ceives that it is advocating a sys- 
tem under which each offender 
would be made the arbiter of his 
own destiny, the question of the 
date at which, he shall be restored 
to liberty being determined by his 
own conduct while under con- 
straint. 

Juvenile Offenders 

"It is a sad and at the same 
time important thing." writes 
Judge 'Ben B. Lindsey, "that the 
increase of crime is largely 
among the youth of this nation. 
Facts and figures in this respect 
come almost like blows to re- 
mind us of our responsibility, and 
to suggest our short-sightedness " 

Immigrants and Crime 

"I am not one of those who lay 
much stress upon immigration as 
a cause of crime in this country, 
either adult or juvenile," declares 
Judge Lindsey. "My own investi- 
gations of police records (and I 
have investigated those of nearly 
all large cities) have rather 
startled me by showing how few 
of our juvenile criminals are of 
foreign parentage. Perhaps more 
children of immigrants get into 
court, but my judgment is that 
this is largely because of poverty 
and ignorance. I am coming 
more and more to the conclusion 
that the causes of crime must be 
searched for among those evils 
that afflict our social, economic. 
industrial and political condi- 
tions." 

Give Them a Chance 
"Nearly every woman there." 
writes a former inmate of San 
Quentin, "has voiced the senti- 
ment, not once but many times: 
1 shall be a thousand times 



a girl when I leave this 

living hell than I ever dreamed I 

could be.' And it is true, for 'he 

viler, lower trail . ncour- 

and whatever better im- 

■:e so 

smothered and killed that the en- 
tire nature is changed for the 

"The cities of thi 
States." writes S. S. McClure, 

filled t" oi with 

organizations of all kinds to op- 
crime and to dispense aid to 
the masses "> criminals and un- 
fortunates who aie created by 
present conditions; law and or- 
ance organi- 
zations, college settlements, c un- 
mittees to put down the traffic of 
women. All these work well and 
earnestly, but their efforts are 
cither tile work of salvage, after 
the .l'it.ii damage is done, or, at 
most, attempts at a very partial 
cure. They assist the population 
in very much the same way that 
a servant might who was hired 
to drive away the flies from the 
table of a dinner party set upon 
the edge of a cesspool. What our 
country needs is, not more so- 
cieties to remove Hies, but the re- 
moval of the cesspool." 

* + * 



Constructive Policies 

The Order of the Day 



To the Editor Pacific Outlook, 

Dear Sir:. The recent victory of the 
forces of "Good Government" in the 
city campaign can not reasonably be 
viewed as an organized expression of 
the policies of negation. It was not 
that the civic patriot hated the rail- 
road corporations or the public utility 
corporations. It was not that he would 
ham-string the brewer or impose ad- 
ditional burdens upon our unfortu- 
nate sisters who have been driven to 
the streets as the normal result of 
conditions over which they have had 
little or no control. The mainspring 
of the political engine that carried the 
forces of "Good Government" to vic- 
tory was the fixed desire for better 
conditions. It was the hope of re- 
ducing this desire to a potential reality 
and the inspiration to strike in the 
form of an organized movement for 
its accomplishment as a living fact. 

It was a battle of constructive poli- 
cies versus destructive policies, an en- 
gagement between an army of 
builders and an army of destroyers. 

The mistaken patriot who howled 
for "republican supremacy" and the 
hero who "couldn't forget that 
George Washington might have been 
a democrat" — both have been rele- 
gated to the museum of political an- 
tiquities. In the heat of conflict they 
heard a slogan on the battlefield, it 
came like a blast from the monsoon's 
tempest. It was the cry "I am a citi- 
zen." What good citizenship and 
constructive policies have done for 
the city of Los Angeles they can do 
again for State and Nation. 

The right to think and the right to 
vote were won by 'the bayonet and 
the sword. The "Good Citizen" who 
won these rights lived or died in the 
hope that the rights to "Life. Liberty 
and the pursuit of happiness" would 
he maintained by their successors 
through the medium of right thought 
ex' ressed through the ballot. 

The builders planned that their de- 
scendants might in turn become the 
builders for succeeding generations. 

The constitution was not framed to 
facilitate the work of an army or na- 
tion of destroyers: life can only be 
sustained through industry, liberty 
through vigilance, and the pursuit of 
happiness becomes a possibility to the 
good citizen who maintains the right 
to think, the right to vote, and the 



rights of industl Re- 

ligion 
pear to be 

the good citizen of the tv 
tury live in tin of In- 

What are 
the rights of industry and commerce? 

G. P. KEEN! . 
+ + * 

CONGRATULATIONS FROM THE 
EAST 
The following letter was rec 
bj I '. m. i w . Bartletl From B. O. I 
er of Boston, editor of the Twentieth 
Century Magazine: 

Boston, Hi 

Dec l'>()9. 

Mr. Dana W. Bartlett, 

510 Vigncs strei I 

I OS \iiL;rles. Cal. 

My Dear Sir: 

Your kind letter received, and I 
thank you for the same. 

I think we have rejoiced in llns 
office just as much as you have in 
Los Angeles in regard to the victory. 
It is of the utmost importance that 
we should win victories such as you 
have just won at our different experi- 
mental stations for practical democra- 
cy. New Zealand and Switzerland are 
beacon lights for democracy today 
throughout the world. Oregon is a 
commonwealth that is today a power- 
ful inspiration to the friends of 
democracy throughout America, and 
in municipal government no city oc- 
cupies so commanding a position as 
Los Angeles, because she has put into 
practical operation such fundamental 
and practical tools of democracy as 
the Direct Primary, the Initiative, the 
Referendum and the Recall, and she 
has put to such splendid use these 
tools of democracy. 

With every good wish, I am 
Cordially yours, 

B. O. FLOWER. 

* + + 

THE CONSUMER'S RIGHTS 
Protests continue to be made 
against the proposed parcels post on 
the ground that such a public service 
would create more business for the 
mail order houses in the large cen- 
ters of population and injure the trade 
of the country retail merchant. Pos- 
sibly, but when railroads superseded 
stage coaches and travel was made 
more easy urban trading centers grew. 
When electric lines began to multiply 
and rural suburban population were 
placed within easy reach of the cities, 
urban merchants profited. Every 
step of progress in communication 
and transportation helps to develop 
the urban center. But that is no rea- 
son for abandoning these better fa- 
cilities. The people prosper as well 
as the city merchants. The consumer 
is entitled to access to the cheapest 
market and to secure the transporta- 
tion of his goods at a reasonable 
cost. Enforced tribute to express 
monopolies is wrong. The parcels 
post at a reasonable cost is a con- 
sumer's right. — Boston Herald. 

♦ ♦ ♦ 

"DOWNWARD" REVISION 

Rising prices and new combina- 
tions in restraint of trade verify the 
warnings of the opponents of the 
Aldrich bill. The sham "downward" 
revision of the tariff is illustrated by 
the fact that since the hill was re- 
ported the value of the common stock 
of the Steel Trust to which the tariff 
privilege is a most important asset, 
has more than doubled. On Febru- 
ary 1st, it was worth $210,000,000: to- 
day it is quoted at $450,000,000. This 
fact shows how "hard the 
hit." Another fact worth noting is 
that since the "downward" revision 
of the tariff began, the average price 
of commodities has risen S per cent, 
and the work of "protection" com- 
binations has hardly commenced. The 
rise in wages ' >0 slight as 

to be negligible. — From circular is- 
sued hv Tariff Reform CI 
York. " 



12 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



Famous SHort Stories 



THE FOUR-FIFTEEN EXPRESS 



Synopsis of Portion Already Pub- 
lished 



After a business trip into Russia, 
shortly after the Peace of Paris, Wil- 
liam Langford was on his way to 
spend the Christmas season with 
Jonathan Jelf in Clayborough, Eng- 
land. During the last stage of the 
journey he encountered a former ac- 
quaintance, who was also a cousin 
of Mrs. Jelf, and who in the course 
of conversation let fall the fact that 
he had £75,000 on his person as pay- 
ment for a railroad right-of-way. 
When this acquaintance, Dwerri- 
house by name, htiil left the railroad 
carriage, Langford discovered his 
cigar-case on the floor bnt on. at- 
tempting to follow and return it to 
its owner, suddenly and mysteriously 
lost sight of him in the crowd, On 
arriving at his host's he was informed 
that Dwerrihouse had absconded 
three months before with £75,000 
and that this chance encounter was 
the first known of .him since that 
time. The next day Jelf and Lang- 
ford made a trip to Blackwater, the 
station where the latter had lost sight 
of Mr, Dwerrihouse, but no one had 
seen him, and the guard upon being 
questioned, insisted that Mr. Dwerri- 
house had not been on the previous 
day's train, thus contradicting Lang- 
ford's story. Some time after both 
the guard and Langford were ques- 
tioned by the board of directors of 
the road which Dwerrihouse had 
robbed, but their conflicting stories 
only made the mystery more obscure, 
the only undeniable fact being Lang- 
ford's possession of the cigar-case. 

During this inquiry Langtord recog- 
nized in Raikes, an undersecretary, 
the man who had met Dwerrihouse 
at the station on the day of the mys- 
terious encounter. Raikes at first de- 
nied any connection with the inci- 
dent, .but later betrayed alarm to 
such an extent that he was again 
sharply questioned. 



Seeing him so abject, so incoherent, 
so wild with apprehension, the direc- 
tors beean to whisper gravely among 
themselves; while one got quietly up, 
and called the -porter to guard the 
door. 

"What has your being in iDevon- 
shire to do with, the matter?" said 
the chairman. "When were you in 
Devonshire?'' 

"Air. Raikes took his leave in Sep- 
tember," said the secretary; "about 
the time when Mr. Dwerrihouse dis- 
appeared." 

"[ never even heard that he had 
disappeared till I 'came back!" 

"That must remain to be proved," 
said the chairman. "I shall at once 
put this matter in the bands of the 
police,. Tn the mean while, Mr. 
Raikes, being myself a magistrate, 
and used to deal with these cases, I 
advise vou to offer no resistance, but 
to confess while confession may yet 
do you service. As for your accom- 
plice — " 



The frightened wretch fell upon his 
knees. 

"I had no accomplice!" he cried. 
'Only have mercy upon me, — only 
spare my life, and I will confess all! 
1 didn't mean to harm him! 1 didn't 
mean to hurt a hair of his head. Only 
have mercy upon me, and let me go!" 

The chairman rose in his place, pale 
and agitated. "Good heavens!" he 
exclaimed, "what horrible mystery is 
this? What does it mean?" 

"As sure as there is a God in heav- 
en," said Jonathan Jelf, "it means that 
murder has been done." 

"No — no— no!" shrieked Raikes, 
still upon his knees, and cowering 
like a beaten hound. "Not murder! 
No jury that ever sat could bring it 
in murder. I thought I had only 
stunned him — I never meant to do 
more than stun him! Manslaughter — 
manslaughter — not murder!" 

Overcome by the horror of this un- 
expected revelation, the chairman cov- 
ered his face with his hand, and for 
a moment or two remained silent. 

"Miserable man," he said at length, 
"you have betrayed yourself." 

"You bade me confess! You urged 
me to throw, myself upon the mercy 
of the board!" 

"You have confessed to a crime 
which no one suspected you of having 
committed," replied the chairman, 
"and which this board has no power 
either to punish or forgive. All that 
I can do for you is to advise you to 
submit to the law, to plead guilty, and 
to conceal nothing. When did you do 
this deed?" 

The guilty man rose to his feet, and 
leaned heavily against the table. His 
answer came reluctantly, like the 
speech of one dreaming. 

"On the twenty-second of Septem- 
ber!" 

On the twenty-second of Septem- 
ber! I looked in Jonathan Jelf s face, 
and he in mine. I felt my own paling 
with a strange sense of wonder and 
dread. I saw his blanch suddenly, 
even to the lips. 

"Merciful heaven!" he whispered, 
"what was it, then, that you saw in 
the train?" 

What was it that I saw in the 
train? That question remains unan- 
swered to this day. I have never 
been able to reply to it. I only know 
that it bore the living likeness of the 
murdered man, whose body had been 
lying some ten weeks under a rough 
pile of branches, and brambles, and 
rotting leaves, at the bottom of a 
deserted chalk-pit about half-way be- 
tween Blackwater and Mallingford. I 
know that it spoke, and moved, and 
looked as that man spoke, and moved, 
and looked in life; that I heard, or 
seemed to hear, things related which 
I could never otherwise have learned; 
that I was guided, as it were, by that 
vision on the platform to the identi- 
fication of the murderer; and that, a 
passive instrument myself, I was des- 
tined, by means of these mysterious 
teachings, to bring about, the ends of 
justice. For these things I have never 
been able to account. 

As for that matter of the cigar-case, 
it proved on inquiry, that the carriage 
in which I travelled down that after- 
noon to Clayborough ha'd not been in 
use for several weeks, and was in 
point of fact the same in which poor 
John Dwerrihouse had performed his 
last journey. The case had, doubt- 
less, been dropped by him. and had 
lain unnoticed till I found it. 

LIpon the details of the murder I 
have no need to dwell. Those who 
desire more ample particulars may 
find them, and the written confession 
of Augustus Raikes, in the files of the 
Times for 1856. Enough that the un- 



der-se.cretary, knowing the history of 
the new line, and following the nego- 
tiation step by step through all its 
stages, determined to waylay Mr. 
Dwerrihouse, rob him of the seventy- 
five thousand pounds, and escape to 
America with his booty. 

In order to effect these ends he. ob- 
tained leave of absence a few days be- 
fore the time appointed for the pay- 
ment of the money; secured his pass- 
age across the Atlantic in a steamer 
advertised to start on the twenty- 
third; provided himself with a heavily 
loaded "life-preserver," and went 
down to Blackwater to await the ar- 
rival of his victim. How he met him 
on the platform with a pretended 
message from the board; how he of- 
fered to conduct him by a short cut 
across the fields to Mallingford; how, 
having brought him to a lonely place, 
he struck him down with the life- 
preserver, and so killed him; and how, 
finding what he had done, he dragged 
the body to the verge of an out-of- 
the-way 'chalk-pit, and there flung it 
in, and piled it over with branches 
and brambles, — are facts still fresh in 
the memories of those who, like the 
connoisseurs in De Quincey's famous 
essay, regard murder as a fine art. 
Strangely enough, the murderer, hav- 
ing done his work, was afraid to 
leave the country. He declared that 
he had not intended to take the di- 



rector's life, but only to stun and rob 
him; and that, finding the blow had 
killed, he dared not fly for fear of ■ 
drawing down suspicion upon his own 
head. As a mere robber he would 
have been safe in the States, but as 
a murderer he would inevitably have 
been pursued, and given up to justice. 
So he forfeited his passage, returned 
to the office as usual at the end of his 
leave, and locked up his ill-gotten 
thousands till a more convenient 
opportunity. In the mean while he 
had the satisfaction of finding that 
Mr. Dwerrihouse was universally be- 
■lieved to have absconded with the 
money, no one knew how or whither. 
Whether he meant murder or not, 
however, Mr. Augustus Raikes paid 
the full penalty of his crime, and was 
hanged at the Old Bailey in the sec- 
ond week in January, 1857. Those 
who desire to make his further ac- 
quaintance may see him any day (ad- 
mirably done in wax) in the Chamber 
of Horrors at Madame Tussaud's ex- 
hibition, in 'Baker Street. He is there 
to be found in the midst of a select 
society of ladies and gentlemen of 
atrocious memory, dressed in the 
close-cut tweed suit which he wore 
on the evening of the murder, and 
holding in his hand the identical life- 
preserver with which he committed 



it. 



(The End) 




rVSI<! 




Frieda Langendorff 



Mme. Frieda Langendorff, the grand 
opera singer from Berlin, reached 
Los Angeles last Monday morning, 
fresh from musical triumphs in Cana- 
da and the northwest. 

iMme. Langendorff says that the 
American people grow more musical 
each year. All Europe is looking for- 
ward to the day when the Americans 
will have composers equal to the old 
masters. The American grand opera 
today is far in advance of that of 
Europe, and the orchestras and cham- 
ber music organizations are becoming 
equal to those of the old country. 

She will appear on Jan. 11th, at 
Simpson Auditorium, in the follow- 
ing programme: 

PART I. 
Give Alms (Le Prophete) . .Meyerbeer 
fDer Tod und der Madchen, Ihr 

Bild, Du Bist die Ruh, Fruhlings- 

laube Schubert 

Seit icb ihn gesehn. Er den 

Herrlichste von Allen, Ich Kamis 

Nicht fassen Schumann 

PART II. 

Feldeinsamkeit Brahms 

Quand je dor Liszt 

Zulignung Strauss 

O komme mit mir..Von der Stricken 

Samson Aria Massenet 

The Cry of Rachel Salter 

When Parted Dalton 

Retreat La Forge 

Love's Springtide Hammond 

The question as to whether a musi- 
cal manager shall abide silently and 
without protest by the judgments 
passed by the newspaper musical cri- 
tics, when he believes they have pur- 
posely and without reasonable cause 
"roasted" his artists, has been decid- 
ed, so far as Robert E. Johnston is 
concerned, by the cutting from his 
press list of the name of Henry E. 
Krehbiel, of the New York Tribune, 
says Musical America. Mr. Johnston 
has taken this step as the result of an 
article written by Mr. Krehbiel in the 
Tribune on the debut of Pepito Ar- 
riola, the Spanish piano prodigy. 



HAC1K1C OUTLOOK 



13 



uiii 

d purely 
upon 

■ lie number, and 1 am I 

I the 
Trihu: m entirely un- 

fair es 

"I want it distinctly under; 
that ' to unfavorable 

criticism of my artists where the opin- 

i fair 
premises, but I do object to indis- 



I i.iir 
criterion of an artist's worth, and in 
the ca 

doubt as to what the musical public 
thinks. Mis playing is iation- 

al feature of thi 

"I iv hy a man. i: 

continue to extend courtesies to the 
critic or continu tisc his at- 

tractions in the paper which exerts 
itself to give an unjust impression of 
an artist's work. This explains my 
attitude." 




eatve^ 



"The Writing on the Wall" 
That Miss Olga Nethersole is ac- 
tuated by lofty n i producing 
"The Writing on the Wall" no one 

who has seen the finished perform- 
ance of this drama at the Mason can 
doubt Its keen, scathing denuncia- 
tions Of tenement evils, and its hu- 
manitarian, yet just and practical, 
-lions for their remedy, are not 
admirable than its logical un- 
foldment of a moving and compelling 
human story. As Barbara Lawrence, 
Miss Nethersole demonstrates beyond 
cavil her ability to portray a noble, 
gracious and great-hearted woman, 




Charley Brown, (Kid Burns), in "45 
Minutes from Broadway" 

who, discovering that her husband is 
the owner of some of the most 
execrable tenements in New York, 
throws her whole soul into bettering 
the conditions. Unmoved by her en- 
treaties, her husband deceives her into 
thinking he lias erected new tire es- 
capes upon the tenements by simply 
repainting the old ones. A tire breaks 
out in the tenement where their lit- 
tle >on has been sent to a charitable 
Christmas party, and the child per- 
ishes with the wretched paupers 




whose right to decent living his 
father has ignored. This is the writ- 
ing on the wall which awakens Law- 
rence to terrible repentance and some 
semblance of manhood. In a final 
scene of gripping pathos, Barbara 
promises' to stand by him and aid in 
his atonement. This conclusion is 
the more impressive from the fact 
that Lawrence has long been un- 
faithful to his wife, but she has re- 
fused to divorce him for the child's 
«ake. though she herself has come to 
love a young reformer and philan- 
thropist who loses his life in the fire 
in attempting to save others. 

One of the features' of Miss Nether- 
sole's remarkable portrayal is her de- 
lineation of mother love, which runs 
like a thread of gold through the 
play, culminating ill a piercing agony 
upon learning of her child's fate. 
Her powers have become mellowed 
and modulated, and a fine light of 
perception plays about her rendition 
of every line which makes it certain 
that she knows whereof she speaks. 
Her comedy in the earlier scenes is 
alive with grace and charm, and in 
the tragedy of the close her apathy 
is more eloquent than any amount of 
ranting. 

The perfection of the staging and 
the excellence of the company aid in 
establishing "The Writing on the 
Wall" as a brilliant play, a great play. 
Its grewsome pictures of a remediable 
evil must bring harsh but healthy 
awakening to many callous minds. 



"The Top o' the World." 

The attraction a! the Majestic this 
week ranks high among productions 
of its kind. Yet this fantastic type 
of extravaganza, showing a mystic 
country peopled with queer beings, is 
the first to grow monotonous, which 
evidences the verity that nothing is 
so eternally interesting as everyday 
life, realistic and unadorned. 

"The Tin p' the World" pictures in 
four magnificent scenes a realm called 
Christmas Land, where the usual 
earthly visitors, who in this case are 
searching for the North Pole, meet 
with adventure among the weird 
denizens of the Cook-Peary section. 
The fanciful characters are too num- 
erous to enumerate, but all arc divert- 
ingly conceived and portrayed. Fred 
Bailey and Ralph Austin, as Jack-in- 
l In. -Box and The Candy Kid. are 
ible and effervescent comedians, 
possessed of an inexhaustible store 
of vocal and acrobatic tricks. With 
iili inge of costume they seem to 
look and act more absurd, and uni- 

ii il hilarity rewards their efforts. 
Chas Harris as Aurora Borealis, 
Queen of the North Pole, an ugly and 
self-admiring spin n ikes a hit 



with puns. Mis Smith is a 

very charming I lie, and her 

dainty singing in "Why Don't . 

and 

ly. Francis Currier a* Jack Frost and 

Mi»* Adele < >sw aid m tiden 

chaim i 

olo 
Mi*. Bobbie Roberts imp 
a littb ned Maida with a frank 

■ immh unlike the 
child Miss Roberts 
ividently studied the mannerisms 
of childi in, md she is remai 

real as i idering, ti icing-in, inter- 

i in-everything youngster. Her 
dancing is clever, as well, 

The Collie Ballet and their well 
trained due. score heavily, being 
something of an innovation, and the 
chorus is a spirited one. 

Dorothy Russell Lewi. 



anion. 

Walter 

a (jo- 
Mi. mi Skipworth, Ru 



"The Girl of the Golden West" 

Again "The Girl of the Golden 
West" is being given in Los Angi 
this time at the popular Burbank 
Theatre. The eight weeks' run of 
this piece some months ago by an- 
other stock company here, seems not 
to have lessened its popularity as the 
people still come in crowds to thrill 
and wonder at its act' i and laugh 
at its excellent humor. 

Many of the audience unconsciously 
hold their breath for a full minute 
as the drop of blood falls from the 
concealed road agent and lover, upon 
the outstretched hand of the sheriff 
as be is about to say good-bye to 
The Girl after a fruitless search of 
her house. You have time for about 
one more long breath before an ex- 
citing poker game starts between The 
Girl and the sheriff for her lover's 
life, she winning by trick. Sounds 
like melodrama, doesn't it? : — well, per- 
haps it is, but you don't recognize it, 
so clearly does the genius Belasco 
conceal it beneath impellent lines, un- 
expected situations, realistic scenery, 
human characters and a thousand min- 
nute details of stage-craft which 
would only be noticed by their ab- 
sence. Melodrama? — sure, but never- 
theless, a great play. Go and see. 

It would hardly be fair to judge 
Francis Nordstrom, the new leading 
woman, by her portrayal of The Girl; 
let's wait until she has played a va- 
riety of parts. 

Byron Beasley's sheriff is a finished 
study; meaning, nothing cbuld pos- 
s'bly he suggested to make his per- 
formance more artistic or complete. 
Mr. Beasley does not alone resort to 
the greatness of the part to make 
himself the most noticeable figure of 
this truly strong play. David Landau 
looks well and seems to know it for 
lie does a lot of unnecessary posing 
in the poor part of Dick Johnson, the 
road agent. Two very clever charac- 
ter studies were those of Henry 
Stockbridge as The Sidney Duck, a 
faro dealer and Hobart Bosworth, 
Specially engaged for Billy Jack Rab- 
bit, an Indian. All the men of the 
regular company and several extra 
people have been pressed into service, 
making this offering one of the best 
of the many good attractions in town 
this week. 

C. W. Scheu. 
Mason 



After a three week's engagement 
in San Francisco, Mr Wright Lor- 
imer will open a week's engagement 
at the Mason Opera House on Jan- 
10th, and will present for the first 
time in Los Angeles his production of 
the four-act drama. "The Shepherd 
King." This is a play, now in its 
sixth season. Its plot is founded on 
the Old Testament narrative of the 
early life of David and Israel and the 
beauty of its costuming, the pictur- 
esqueness of its mounting, and the 
interest of its story, make it a most 
interesting drama. Mr. I.orimer. who 
is under the management of William 
A. Brady, is surroundei ipport- 



Harry Lauder Coming to the Audi- 
torium 
Lor years Los ^ngi heard 

of Harry l .audei the unique but im- 

otchman. Nine year 
- a coal minor, and during the 
in 1 1 i mi he has beci ime one of the 

- .ful nf all vaudeville ar- 
tists. His stunt of thirty-five mil 
in progressive vaudeville was always 
lengthened by encore after encore, un- 
til it became a continuous perform- 
ance of an hour and a half. Now 
Harry Lauder is the most successful 
and highest priced performer in the 
world. He writes his own songs and 
music, and his monologues are his 
own work. He is a genius, one that 
is born only in a generation. He is 
41 years of age. and carries a com- 
pany of forty-seven people. He has 
his own private car and every mem- 
ber of his family is with him. 

He will not play Sundays, and 
blames it on his Scotch training. He 
won't have an orchestra, but carries 
his own pipers and dancers, because 
he wants to be at home. 

Harry Lauder received last season 
$5000 a week for seven performances 
and all expenses paid, and an under-' 
standing that the turn should not ex- 
ceed one hour in duration at each 
appearance. The public broke that 
arrangement early in the game, but 
there were not enough weeks in the 
year to take care of the applications 
that came in for Lauder even at that 
price. 

He comes to the Auditorium for 
two matinees and two night perform- 
ances on January 7th and 8th. 



Belasco 

Gertrude Nelson Andrews' new play 
"Through A Window" has proved 
such an artistic triumph for the Be- 
lasco company and so many people 
have been unable to secure seats for 
the performances that a second week 
of the play will commence on the 
Belasco stage next Monday night. 

Since its initial performance a week 
ago, the author has called several spe- 
cial rehearsals and made sweeping cuts 
in the dialogue of the play, knitting 
the plot more closely together, taking 
out a long speech here and there, de- 
veloping an even greater earthquake 
and fire effect and strengthening the 
characters themselves, all of which 
has had a tendency to materially 
quicken the action of "Through A 
Window." 

Following the second week of 
"Through A Window." Lewis S. 
Stone and the Belasco company will 
give for the first time on any stage 
"The Gringo," a new comedy by 
Robert H. Davis and Henry F. Kirk. 



Majestic 
Not to permit the interest of your 
auditors to Hag even for a moment is 
the creed of Geo. M. Cohan, whose 
successful piece, "Forty-Five -Minutes 
from Broadway," under the direction 
of Messrs. Cohan and Harris, is to 
be presented at the Majestic Theatre 
for one week beginning Sunda.i 
2nd. In following out this idea the 
aofjor-author-eomposer has made it a 
point to evolve a plot which shall 
maintain the theatre-goers' interest in 
the unfolding of the story, and in the 
(Continued on Page 15) 



Blanchard Hall Studio Building 

Devoted exclusively to Music, Art, Science 
Studios and Halls for all purpose* for rent. Largest 
Sludio building in the West. For terms and all infor- 
mation apply lo F. W. BLANCHARD. 
233 S Broadway - - 232 S. Hill Si. 
Los Angeles, California 



14 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



LOS ANGELES CITY WORK AND LEGISLATION 

An indexed review of all action by Council, Board of Public Works, Commissions and Officials, relating to property 
improvement or of general interest. Record closes Wednesday night. 



Public Work by Streets 

Ave. 18, bet. Albion and Barranca; 
ord. to pave with macadam. Re- 
scinded. 

Ave. 19, Albion to Pasadena; o d. 
to pave with macadam. Rescinded. 

Ave. 20, from Bradford Baking Co., 
for the extension of the sewer on 
Ave. 20 to a point 150 feet beyond the 
Santa Fe crossing. Granted and ref. 
to the City Eng. for ord. 

Ave. 20, from Los Angeles Can Co., 
for the improvement of North Ave- 
nue 20 between Humboldt St. and 
Santa Fe Road, by the construction 
of a sewer. Granted and ref. to the 
City Eng. for ord. 

Ave. 20, Albion to Pasadena; ord. 
to pave with asphalt and improve. 
Adopted. 

Ave. 21, Albion to Hayden; ord. to 
pave with macadam and improve. 
Adopted. 

Ave. 22, Ave. 24 to FTayden; ord. 
to pave with macadam and improve. 
Adopted. 

Ave. 22, 'bet. N. Broadway and 
Pasadena; ord. to pave with asphalt. 
Rescinded. 

Ave. 23, Ave. 24 to Hayden; ord. to 
pave with macadam and improve. 
Adopted. 

Ave. 24, Manitou to Pasadena; ord. 
to pave with macadam and improve. 
Adopted. 

Ave. 26, Pasadena to Moffett al- 
ley; ord. to pave with macadam and 
improve. Adopted. 

Ave. 26, Pasadena to Griffin; ord. 
to pave with asphalt and improve. 
Adopted. 

Ave. 43, from iMarmion Way to 
Glenwood St.; pet. from F. N. Noel, 
et al., asking for improvement of 
street. Filed, order having been re- 
scinded. 

Ave. 57; communication from the 
Ransom Industrial Home Assn., rela- 
tive to the improvement of Avenue 57, 
on the east side of Brenner St. and 
stating that their property will be 
greatly damaged if said improvement 
continues as at present. Referred to 
Bd. Pub. Wks. 

4th St.; pet. from the San Pedro, 
Los Angeles & Salt ILake R. R. Co. 
for the \vacation and abandonment 
of East Fourth St. lying between the 
easterly line of the official bed of the 
Los Angeles river and a line distant 
628.55 feet easterly. Referred to the 
Bd. Pub. Wks. with instructions to 
confer with the property owners in 
the immediate vicinity of the proposed 
vacation and ascertain whether or 
not said vacation meets with their 
approval and report back to the Coun- 
cil their findings. 

6th St., bet. Camulos and Euclid; 
pet. from Anna Killifer, et al., for con- 
struction of sewer. Granted. 

51st St., Normandie to Denker; ord. 
granting permission to improve. 
Adopted. 

51st Place, Normandie to Denker; 
ord. granting permission to improve. 
Adopted. 

Alley; pet. from O. T. Johnson, et 
al., for the improvement of the alley 
north of Fourth St. between Los An- 
geles St. and Main St., under private 
contract. Granted and referred to the 
City Engineer for ord. 

Adelaide St., ,bet. Camulos and Eu- 
clid; pet. from Anna Killifer, et al., 
for construction of sewer. Granted. 

Allesandro St., bet. Baxter St. and 
north city limits; City Eng. furnished 
necessary description of the land to 
be abandoned within said lines. 
Filed. 

Bellevue Ave.; pet. from J. B. Nor- 
ton, for the improvement of Bellevue 



Ave. between Casco St. and 100 feet 
east of Oro St., under the Bond Act. 
Granted and referred to the City En- 
gineer for ord. 

Blanchard St., Evergreen Ave. to 
Fresno St.; ord. of intention to change 
and establish grade. Adopted. 

Boylston St.; pet. from R. L. Can- 
non, for the improvement of Boyls- 
ton St. between First St. and Second 
St. Granted and referred to the City 
Engineer for ord. 

Camulos St., bet. 6th and Stephen- 
son Ave.; pet. from Anna Killifer, et 
al., for construction of sewer. Granted. 

Ceres Ave., 9th St. to south ter- 
minus; ord. of intention to construct 
sewer. Adopted. 

Crown Hill Ave.; pet. from John 
Cross, et ai., to reduce the width of 
Crown Hill Ave., between Loma 
Drive and Colina Ave. to 50 feet. 
Referred to Bd. Pub. Wks. 

Daly St., Manitou to Pasadena; ord. 
to pave with asphalt. Adopted. 

Eastlake Ave., bet. Manitou and Al- 
tura; ord. to pave with macadam. Re- 
scinded. 

Glendale Ave., Effie to Reservoir; 
final ord. establishing grade. Adopted. 

Griffin Ave., bet. Manitou and Ave. 
26; ord. to pave with macadam. Re- 
scinded. 

Guirado St., bet. Camulos and Eu- 
clid; pet. from Anna Killifer, et al., 
for construction of sewer. Granted. 

Hoover St., pet. from Jos. Burk- 
hard, et al., for the abandonment of 
proceedings for the opening of Hoov- 
er St. from 32nd St. to Kingsley St. 
Referred to Bd. Pub. Wks. 

Hancock St., bet. Manitou and Al- 
tura; ord. to pave with macadam. Re- 
scinded. 

Hope St., bet. 1st and 3rd; Bd. Pub. 
Wks. recommended that City Eng. 
prepare plans for repairs to said 
street. Adopted. 

Hope St., bet. 1st ,and 3rd; com- 
plaints regarding condition of said 
streets. City Eng. instructed to pre- 
pare plans and specifications for the 
improvement of said section, cost to 
be paid by assessment district, which 
will be ^benefited by improvement. 

Howard and 29th Sts., light ordered 
placed. 

Indiana St., Percy to Stephenson; 
ord. of intention to change and estab- 
lish grade. Adopted. 

Jefferson St.; pet. from R. A. Ling, 
et al., for a crosswalk across West 
Jefferson St. and 35th St., on east 
side of St. Andrews St. Referred to 
Bd. Pub. Wks. 

Johnston St., bet. Manitou and Al- 
tura; ord. to pave with macadam. Re- 
scinded. 

Lake Shore Terrace, Colton to 
Council Sts.; ord. of intention to con- 
struct sewer. Adopted. 

Louder and Jefferson Sts.;. light 
ordered placed. 

Normandie Ave., from south line of 
1st alley north of 51st St. to a point 
135.18 feet south of the south line 
of 52nd St., west of Normandie Ave.; 
draft of ord. authorizing property 
owners to improve by private con- 
tract. Adopted. 

New High St.; pet. from E. W. 
iBraun, et al., for the improvement of 
New High St. between Temple St. 
and Sunset Blvd., under the Bond 
Act. Granted and referred to the 
City Eng. for ord. 

Pasadena Ave., bet. Aves. 62 and 
66; ord. of intention to construct sew- 
er. Adopted. 

Pasadena Ave., Ave. 49 to Ave. 45; 
ord. of intention to improve. Adopted. 
Sierra St., from Flora Ave. to Po- 
mona St., and Pomona St. from Prieh- 
ard St. to Sierra St.; protest from C. 



E. T. Lingstrom, et al., against 
change of grade. Denied. 

Savannah St.; pet. from M. N. Sta- 
ples, et al., for the continuation of 
the sewer on Savannah St., bet. 1st 
and 4th Sts. Granted and referred to 
the City Fng. for ord. 

Sichel St., Manitou to Ave. 26; ord. 
to pave with macadam. Rescinded. 

Stephenson Ave., bet. Camulos and 
Euclid; pet. from Anna Killifer, et 
al., for construction of sewer. 
Granted. 

Vermont Ave., pet. from A. Brog- 
den, et al., for the paving of Vermont 
Ave. with asphalt between Santa 
Monica Ave. and Santa .Barbara Ave., 
under the Bond Act. Granted and re- 
ferred to the City Eng. for ord. 

Yale St., communication from 
Frank T. Stone, complaining of con- 
dition of said street. Bd. Pub. Wks. 
recommended that a petition be cir- 
culated among property owners to 
get their views. 

Workman St., Manitou to Pasa- 
dena; ord. to pave with macadam and 
improve. Adopted. 



General Legislation 

Aqueduct; Bd. Pub. Wks. recom- 
mended adoption of resolution au- 
thorizing said board to enter into the 
necessary contracts for the purchase 
of tube mills, elevators, etc., at a 
price not to exceed $10,500, to be lo- 
cated at Monolith. Adopted. 

Bakery License; pet. from Kahn & 
Beck that $5.00 per quarter instead 
of $5.00 per month be charged for 
wholesale bakery license. Adopted. 

Contracts for Asphalt Wearing Sur- 
face; Bd. Pub. Wks. submitted for 
adoption resolution authorizing said 
board to advertise for bids and award 
and enter into the necessary contract 
for furnishing asphalt wearing surface 
for Bureau of St. Maintenance and In- 
spection. Adopted. 

Cruiser "Los Angeles"; communi- 
cation from the North, Northeast and 
Northwest Imp. Co., submitting reso- 
lution relative to the naming of one 
of the new cruisers in the U. S. Navy, 
"Los Angeles." Mr. Dromgold moved 
that we notify the N., N. E. and N. 
W. Imp. Association that we heartily 
concur in the resolution adopted. 

Cleaning Streets; City Atty. in- 
structed to prepare ord. for the clean- 
ing of sidewalks and vacant lots of 
weeds, etc. 

Demands Approved; City Auditor 
returned without approval demand in 
favor of J. A. Crook for $3,703.45 on 
contract for new police station on 
Jefferson St., claiming that material 
used was not up to specifications; also 
demand in favor of L. A. Blue Print 
& Supply Co. for $85.63 for work done 
as contract was not given to lowest 
bidder. IDemands again approved not- 
withstanding objections of Auditor. 

Engstrom Demand Rescinded; City 
Auditor recommended that Council 
rescind its action allowing the de- 



mand of F. O. Engstrom Company 
for part payment on the contract 
price of the Fifth street engine house, 
and that the matter be referred to the 
City Atty for a written report. 
Adopted. 

Auditor complained that the con- 
crete used in the building was not ac- 
cording to specifications. Mr. Eng- 
strum admits this, but contends that 
he was forced to change his mix to 
deviate from the exact specifications 
by the building department, and he 
is sustained in this contention by 
Building Superintendent Backus. 

Edendale Tract; presented for ac- 
ceptance, from M. L. Wicks, a deed 
to city for street purposes of certain 
parts of said tract. Accepted. 

Hazard's Reservoir, on Boyle 
Heights; pet. from Espie Tellet for 
lease of land for farming purposes. 
Denied. 

Industrial Districts; Mayor retd. 
without approval ord. establishing in- 
dustrial districts; message received 
and ord. reconsidered. 

Lavatories in Central Park; report 
of Bd. of Health on condition of lav- 
atories in said park. Filed. 

Lake Shore Ave., motion that city 
purchase part of lot at 620 Belmont 
Ave. at 30c per sq. ft. for widening 
said Lake Shore Ave., and that city 
pay $100 toward expense of moving 
house on said lot. Adopted. 

Mayor's Veto of Signal Bell Ord.; 
message from Mayor returning with- 
out his approval ordinance passed 
Dec. 14, 1909, providing for establish- 
ment of signal bell at iR. R.- crossing 
at Pasadena Ave and Ave. 61, as ord. 
providing for gates at said crossing 
has already been adopted. Message 
adopted and ord. reconsidered. 

Numbering Cars; pet. from the Los 
Angeles Railway Co., asking that ord. 
requiring street and inter-urban cars 
to be numbered, be amended. Re- 
ferred to the City Atty. for the neces- 
sary ord. 

Oil Ord.; motion that present ord. 
be amended so as to prevent using the 
same cans for kerosene and gasoline. 
Adopted. 

Purchase of Engine House Site; 
communication from Fire Commis- 
sion, returning petition from T. I. & 
T. Co. relative to restrictions on Lot 
3 F. F. Wheeler Tr. (1st and Reno 
St. Engine House Site) and recom- 
mending that the purchase be con- 
summated. Adopted. 

Also resolution that lot be pur- 
chased with restriction that any build- 
ing to be used as a dwelling house 
erected on said premises shall cost 
not less than $1000 and shall be lo- 
cated not less than 20 feet from front 
line of said lot. Adopted. 

Additional Policemen; motion of 
Mr. Lyon referred to Finance Com- 
mittee, that an ord. be prepared grant- 
ing police force an additional one 
hundred men; sent to Council with 
recommendation that said report be 
filed, which was adopted. 



BANK CLEARINGS 



Los Angeles bank clearings from December 23rd to 29th, inclusive, 

showing comparisons with corresponding weeks of 1908 and 1907: 

1909. 1908. 1907. 

(December 23 $ 2.101,986.54 $2,579,804.91 $1,399,446.99 

December 24 2.067,167.50 1,482,208.25 1.082,988.12 

December 27 2.670,070.55 1,746,010.81 1,144,189.57 

December 28 2.140.373.08 1,681,338.14 1,309,871.72 

December 29 2,585,093.47 1,460,613.05 1,232,173.50 

Total .$11,564,601.14 $8,949,975.16 $6,168,669.90 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



15 



Poles for Police and Fire Alarm 
Systems: Citj ClerV 

111' 

Petition for Removal of Dairy 

in the vi- 
cinifj 

I 
Quit Claim Deed; net. from 1- 1". 

ir re- 
Salaries in Street Dept.: report of 
Bd P the in- 

enipl' which was 

Filed. 

Spur Track Franchise: pet. from 
m California 
Mfg > i franchise 

on K il 9th 

Id. Pub. L'tilin 
recommer ort. 

Street Railway Franchises; bid 
from iFred \Y Forrester I 
of a Street railway I al $1(10, 

beginning at intersection of 9th St. 
and. Park View Ave : west along 9th 
it; north along Vermont to 
8th. line of 

Wilshire Blvd Heights Tract, 

ion of 

8th St. with line i il Wfl- 

Harvard Heights Tract, west 

section with west 

line of said tract. Bid accepted. 

Bid from Edwards and Wildey Co., 
of $100 for purchase of Franchise com- 
mencing at intersection of Heliotrope 
Drive and Melrose Ave., west along 
Melrose Ave. to Normandie Ave. 
merly Center St."). Bid Accepted. 

St. Railway Franchise; draft of ord. 

iting a franchise for an electric 

ay along Alpine St. from 

San Fernando to Bttena Vista; and 

g Ann St. from Main to San Fer- 

nando, to L. A. Ry. Co. Adopted. 

Sale of Junk; Bd. Pub. Wks. recom- 
mended that the offer of Phillip Sene- 
gram Co. of $140 for certain machin- 
ery and junk in Corporation Yard be 
accepted and sale confirmed. Adopted. 

Salary Increase; communication 
from Bd. Pub. Wks. recommending 
that laborers at San Pedro and Wil- 
mington be increased to $2.50 per 
day and man with team to $4.50. 
Adopted. 

Pet. from T. W. Burk asking that 
asphalt workers in Street Dept. be 
placed on monthly salary of $SS in- 
stead of daily wage of $3.00. Bd. 
Pub. Wks. recommended that said 
pet. be denied. Council, however, 
adopted petition. 

Transfer of Funds; motion that 
$100,000 be transferred from Reserve 
Fund to General Expense Fund. 
Adopted. 



Bids Received 

For the Improvement of Ave. 33, 

from the westerly line of Griffin Ave. 
to the easterly line of Pasadena Ave. 

For the Construction of a Storm 
Sewer and Appurtenances ' in the 
southerly side of Alhambra Ave., from 
the proposed manhole at the junction 
of the two existing vitrified pipe 
drains wJiich carry the overflow of 
E i I lake Pat 1. in said city to the 
northerly terminus of an existing 48 
inch cast-iron pipe culvert under the 
track of the Southern Pacific Railroad 
I ompany. 

For the Improvement of Hooper 
Ave., from the produced southerly 

i Twenty-eighth St. to the 

northerly line of Forty-first St. 



For the Improvement of Lemoyne 
therly 1 i i . 
iutherly lii: 

For the Construction of a Storm 
Sewer and Appurtenances in Mar- 

,vn parallel 
itcrly from 
abut- 
ment of the existing r the 

minik- 
in the intersection of Marmion Way 
and Avenue 66. 

For the Construction of a Concrete 
Coping and Railing foi the Vlaj 
bride;' jeles Kiver. 

For the Purchase of the Material 
in the buildings and parts 
con- 
demn! 

I I 
and Fifth St. 



Bids Awarded 

For Street Improvement in Arapa- 
hoe Street, from the south line of 
nth St. to the north line of 
arded to H. V. Gentry, 
at 35c per lin. ft. for cement curb; 16c 
per sq. ft. for cement gutter. 

For Street Improvement in Elden 
Ave., from the south line of Eleventh 
St. to the north line of Twelfth St., 
awarded to C. R. Eves, at 40c per lin. 
ft. for cement curb; 25c per sq. ft. 
for vitrified block gutter; 16c per sq. 
ft. for cement gutter. 

For Street Improvement in Hooper 
Ave., from the produced north line 
of Fiftieth St., extending east from 
Hooper Ave. to the south boundary 
line of' the City of Los Angeles, 

« .irded to C. R. Eves, at $2.10 per 
lin. ft, for grading and graveling; 32c 
per lin. ft. for cement curb; 23c per 
sq. ft. for vitrified block gutter: 14c 
per sq. ft. for cement gutter; $1.40 per 
lin. ft. for crosswalks. 

For the Construction of a Sewer in 
Industrial St., from a point on the 
center line of Industrial St., east to 
Alameda St., which point is 17.66 ft. 
easterly of the intersection of the cen- 
ter line of Alameda St. with the cen- 
ter line of Indus-trial St., east of Ala- 
meda, to the intersection of said last 
mentioned line with the center line of 
Mill St., awarded to M. R. Fulmis 
and B. Zaich, at $S50.00 for sewer 
complete. 

For. the Improving of New Hamp- 
shire Ave., from the northerly line of 
Twelfth St. -to the southerly line of 
Eleventh St., and other streets, 
awarded to B. F. Ford, at $2.75 per 
lin. ft. for grading and graveling; 35c' 
per lin. ft. for cement curb; 32c per 
sq. ft. for vitrified block gutter; 16c 
per sq. ft. for cement gutter; 14c per 
sq. ft. for sidewalk; $644.00 for cul- 
verts, including wings complete. 

For Street Improvement in Occi- 
dental Boulevard, from the north line 
of Bellevue Ave. to a line 600 feet 
southerly, awarded to C. R. Eves, at 
$2.90 per lin. ft. for grading and ma- 
cadam complete; 35c per lin. ft. for 
cement curb; 25c per sq. ft. for vitri- 
fied block gutter; 16c per sq. ft. for 
cement gutter. 

For Street Improvement in Percy 
St., from the westerly line of Lorena 
St. 'to the produced westerly line of 
Bernal Ave., awarded to Pattillo Con- 
tracting Company, at 5c per sq. ft. 
for regradiug, Spec. 81; $2.50 per lin. 
ft. for grading and graveling; 40c per 
lin. ft. for cement curb; 25c per sq. ft. 
for cobble gutter; 15c per sq. ft. for 
cement gutter; 30c per sq. ft. for 
vitrified block gutters. 

For Furnishing One Generator, un- 
der Specifications No. 115, awarded to 
Fairbanks, Morse' & Co, at $550.00 
E, o b. Three Rivers, Michigan. 

For Furnishing and Laying the 
Dove Springs and San Antonio Sy- 
phons, under Specifications No. 112, 
awarded to the Lacv Manufacturing 
Company, at $22,315.00. 



Building Permits 

From December 1st to December 
24th, inclusive, I. J. Backus. Chief ln- 
or of Bui' 1 563 per- 

mits, amounting to $1,069,447, which 

\ alua- 

. 2 $ 38,000 

C 23 32 

I i 66 331.7X4 

i ' i ory .... 26 68,145 

46 213,898 

(city). 2 46.551 

40 3,638 

foundations 3 [,100 

9,544 

Frame all ns ... 131 33,182 

litions 2 160 

ii ind Total 563 $1,069,447 

Comparison with la si year: 
08, from December 
1st to December 24th. 

inclusive 478 $ 551,536 

Following i- a report by wards: 

No. of Valua- 
Permits. tion. 

Ward One 29 $ 14,280 

Ward Two 62 73,014 

Ward Three 45 199,517 

Ward Four 40 201,358 

Ward Five 193 395.28S 

Ward Six 90 93,429 

Ward Seven 17 11,442 

Ward Eight 20 23.095 

Ward Nine 67 58,027 

Total ,563 $1,069,447 

Compiled by Mark C. Colin, Chief 
Clerk. 

EFFICIENT MUNICIPAL 
SERVICE 



More to be dreaded by "practical 
politicians" than an army of unregis- 
tered and nonvoting reformers with 
banners in a city campaign is the 
spreading movement to investigate 
the conditions surrounding municipal 
employes and to analyze municipal 
expenses. Your political boss, sug- 
gests a contemporary, must have jobs 
for "the boys," many of whom, if the 
truth must be confessed, are not at 
all anxious to perform any more 
arduous la'bor than is involved by 
signing the pay roll. He must have 
"honest graft," and graft less honest 
for friends in business. Without 
these things their faith in his ability 
to "deliver the goods" will waver and 
the incentive to loyalty be destroyed. 
As a result, the average "boss," if he 
is candid, will tell you that the ap- 
plication of strict business method 
and system to the conduct of munici- 
pal affairs is a "practical impossi- 
bility." 

Certain studies of municipal busi- 
ness in New York revealed some de- 
cidedly interesting transactions and 
probably contributed more to the re- 
cent partial eclipse of Tammany than 
all the oratory spilled at the anti- 
Tammany campaign meetings. Now 
comes a "municipal efficiency com- 
mission" in Chicago, after an investi- 
gation of the way in which that city's 
business is conducted, with a report 
containing additional proposals sub- 
versive of ring discipline. 

The commission suggests, first of 
all, that the civil service employes be 
reclassified and regraded, so that men 
doing the same work will get the 
same pay, regardless of their varying 
degrees of political pull. Sundry 
high-sounding titles are to be dis- 
pensed with — 170 out of 580 investi- 
gated. There are said to be eight 
different kinds of street inspectors in 
Chicago at present, doing practically 
the same kind and class of work. If 
the commission has its way there will 
be only one kind of street inspector 
hereafter, and one rate of pay. An- 
other daring proposal is that all em- 
ployes have stated hours of work and 
that they be required, by a checking 
system, to observe those hours. The 
money value of the time to be saved 



it is intimated rather signili 
ly. will be very large. Still another 
ruthless^ innovation is the recom- 
that all department print- 
authority, with 
the \ ii iiorniity of 

^lisb, scrutiny 
formation and, last and greatesi 
ing in cost. 

There are other recomn 
oi merit, but those above noted will 
to indicate the fiendish purpose 
of the "municipal efficiency commis- 
sion," and to explain the alarm and 
unquiet that must pervade the breasts 
of a not inconsiderable percentage of 
Chicago's 15,000 city employes, as well 
as their patrons and "leaders." The 

mission, be it understood further, 

is not composed of "sentimental re- 
formers." We can not be sure, in 
fact, that there is a "reformer" on it. 
Several aldermen, the Comptroller 
and the Commissioner of Public 
Works muster a working majority of 
the membership. It does not follow, 
of course, that the recommendations 
will be adopted. Chicago's practical 
politicians will probably put up the 
prettiest and the quietest fight against 
it that they know how. But the fact 
that such a report is presented by a 
commission under the control of city 
officers of whom the majority, we 
suppose, owe their places more or 
less directly to "practical politics," is 
rather striking evidence of the rapid 
spread of this "mania" for measuring 
the worth and fitness of municipal 
governments and employes by stand- 
ards of efficiency and economy rather 
than of "political pull." — Citizens' 
Bulletin (Cincinnati). 

•fr ♦ + 

THEATRE, CONTINUED 

interim, when the interpolated songs 
interrupt the action of the piece, to 
have the principals and chorus who 
are assisting in the rendition of the 
song, always in motion. In this way 
he has^ his adherents following the 
happenings on -the stage with the 
keenest interest and either applauding 
some witty -saying or demanding an 
encore for some tuneful song. For 
"Forty-Five Minutes from Broad- 
way" he has personally selected a 
competent acting company headed by 
Elizabeth Drew as "Mary," the loyal 
hearted housemaid and Charley Brown 
as "Kid Burns," the slangy ex-prize 
fighter. The organization includes a 
Cohanesque beauty chorus of singers 
and dancers. 



Burbank 

David Belasco's California play, 
"The Girl of the Golden West," will 
continue at the Burbank theatre for 
a second week beginning with the 
usual matinee Sunday and including 
a matinee performance Saturday. 
Audiences which have filled every seat 
in the theatre during every perform- 
ance since the opening of this play 
have left no doubt as to the success 
scored by the company. 

Next week the "Heart of Mary- 
land" will be presented under the per- 
sonal direction of Frederic Belasco 
and with Miss Nordstrom in the Les- 
lie Carter role. Miss Ethel von Wal- 
dron. new ingenue of the company, 
will make her local debut in this 
play- 



Grand 



Ferris Hartman and his company 
will, commencing with the usual Sun- 
day matinee, open the new year with 
a big production of James T. Powers' 
musical comedy. "San Toy." The 
piece has been one of the most popular 
musical plays ever written and will 
serve to introduce Ferris Hartman in 
a distinctly new character, that of Li, 
which was played for many years by 
fames T. Pow-ers. 

Following "San Toy" Ferris Hart- 
man will give "The Idol's Eye." 



La Follette's and 

Pacific Outlook 



icemaent 



Pacific Outlook has made arrangements with the publishers of La Fol- 
lette's Weekly Magazine to combine subscriptions with this paper. 
Readers of Pacific Outlook know our paper and its policy. 

It stands unqualifiedly* and without fear, for that which it believes to 
be true, clean, honest and right in human affairs — political, secular, com- 
mercial and industrial; and in its columns will always maintain an un- 
prejudiced and impartial attitude in its discussion of all subjects of uni- 
versal or local interest. 

La Follette's Weekly stands for, an honest government, administered 
by true representatives who really represent the people — not special 
inter ests. 

SUPPOSE you were the owner of valuable property and chose and 
paid servants for stated periods to guard and administer this property 
for you. AND SUPPOSE one of your servants should write you a .per- 
sonal letter each week telling you 'the plain truth about your property 
and about some of your servants and how they were squandering and 
giving away your property which you paid them to guard and conserve 
for you. Wouldn't you be willing to pav the postage — 2 cents per 
week — on those letters? 

THIS LETTER" ISICALLED 
LA FOLLETTE'S WEEKLY NEWS-MAGAZINES 

It is written under the direction of Sen. Robert M. La Follette, from 
behind the scenes at headquarters each week, and it is a personal letter 
intended for you because you are one of the owners of the United States 
the property of which is being confiscated and given away to moneyed 
interests by some of your public servants. 

THE REGULAR PRICE OF THESE TWO PAPERS IS $1.00 PER 
YEAR, EACH. YOU CAN SECURE THEM TOGETHER FOR 

$1.50A , i YEAR 

SEND SUBSCRIPTIONS TO 

PACIFIC OUTLOOK CO. 



837 South Spring Street, 



Los Angeles, Cal. 



= T} Index to business Houses, Professions, Etc Cc~ 



ART GLASS AND GLAZING 

CRESCENT ART GLASS CO., 
818 S. Main. F5373; Broadway 2Si. 

APARTMENTS 

THE ST. REGIS, Housekeeping 

237 S. Flower. A7336; Main 2290 

DENTISTS 

DR. WM. D. FLORY, F2844 

455 S. Broadway Rooms 3-4 

DRY GOODS 

VILLE DE PARIS, 10893; Main 893 
317-325 S. Broadway, 314-322 S. Hill 

EXCURSIONS 

BALLOON ROUTE, L. A. Pac. Co. 
Station, Hill St., bet. 4th and 5th. 
10355: Broadway 4000. 

FURNITURE 

BARKER BROS., 413. S. Main St., 
420 S. Spring St. 10265; Main 8900 

HAIR SPECIALISTS 

PROF. GEO. A. GARLOW, Room 
426 Citizens' Nat. Bank Bldg., Third 
and Main. 

INVESTMENTS & INSURANCE 
G. G. JOHNSON, 603 H. W. Hellman 
Bldg., Fourth and Spring, A9232; 
Main 1819. 

LAUNDRIES 

ELECTRIC LAUNDRY CO., 
806-14 E. 16th St. B4231 ; So. 580 



MEN'S FURNISHINGS 

HARRIS & FRANK, 
437 i3 S. Spring. 10891; Main 9477 

W. HUNTER & CO., 
525 So. Spring. Main 4127 

OFFICES TO RENT 

LISSNER BLDG., 524 S. Spring 

Single rooms as low as $12.50. 

PIANOS AND ORGANS 

GEO J. BIRKEL & CO., Steinwav, 
Kranich and Bach, Cecilian and Vic- 
tor Dealers. 345-47 S. Spring. 

BARTLETT MUSIC CO., 
Autopiano Agents, 231 S. Broadway 

SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA MUSIC 
CO., Chickering & Pianola Agents, 
332-4 S. Broadway. 

REAL ESTATE 

MINES & FARISH, 353 S. Hill St. 
High Class Investments. 

SPORTING GOODS 

WM. H. HOEGEE CO., Inc. 
138-42 S. Main. 10087; Main 8447 

STUDIOS TO RENT 
8LANCHARD HALL. Devoted ex- 
clusively to Music, Art, Science. 233 
S. Broadway; 232 S. Hill. 

STORAGE AND MOVING 

BEKINS, 1335 S. Figueroa 

22562 Broadway 3773 

TILES 

PACIFIC TILE & MANTEL CO., 
716-18 S. Spring, r" 5 011 ; Main 2127 




Home A7336 



Sunset Main 2290 



itmtaxhf rating Aparttnrnts 

FIVE MINUTES WALK to Third 
and Broadway. Modern Apartments 
and Single Rooms at moderate prices. 
Private Telephone in each Apartment 
or Single Room. 237 S. Flower St. 




THREE DAYS 
To CHICAGO 

Via SALT LAKE ROUTE, Union 

Pacific and Chicago and 

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A DELIGHTFUL WAY TO GO 

Particulars at alt Ticket Offices and at 

601 South Spring Street 

LOS ANGELES, CAL. 



seSSKESS^Sfle^SSSSSSSa^^ 




Nothing Like It Anywhere 



mm w The Great Scenic Railway Trolley Trip. Most won- 

ff/ll LiOW€ deriul of tnem a11 in diversity and beauty of its 

* scenery and scope and variety of its views. Two 

===== hours from Los Angeles to the crest of the Sierras. 

Other Points of Interest to Tourists: 

P-sadena, San Gabriel Mission, Founded in 1771; Monrovia 
Sierra Madre and Glendale 

Beautiful Seashore Rides embrace Long Beach, San Pedro, Point Fir- 
min, Huntington Beach, Newport and Balboa and Catalina Island. All 
made possible by fast and frequent service with the Big Red Cars from 
Sixth and Main Sts. Terminal, Los Angeles, Cal. 



The Misses Page School for Girls 

243 WEST ADAMS STREET 
Home Phone 21202 
Sunset South 3539 

Amid ideal surroundings and directed by competent teachers the 
girls of this School make rapid progress. In addition to the regular 
school studies they are taught vocal and instrumental music, drawing 
and painting, and physical culture. Ample facilities are afforded for 
recreation and the girls' home training and moral welfare is attended 
to in a manner'to bring out the sweet and beautiful in character, so 
essential to true womanhood. 

A School for Boys 

Under the same management, located at 137 West Adams Street. 
Telephone Home 21203. The boys receive military instruction, Cap- 
tain Robert T. Gibbs being commandant. 

This is a splendid home for boys and also a well regulated school- 
home where the character training of the boy is given the importance 
it deserves. The proverb "Train up the child in the way he should 
go; and when he is old he will not depart from it," is exemplified at 
this school. Boys here are taught manliness, obedience, punctuality, 
industry and learning in a way fitting them 'suitably as foundation 
stones for life's progress. Boys of any age after 5 years admitted. 
Each boy is held to be an individual. Not_ being held back by class 
restrictions his progress is rapid and certain. 

Call, Telephone or Write for Catalogue. p n p;u admitted at any time. 









PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



Vol. VIII. Mo. 2, 



Los Angeles, California, January 8, I9IO. 



5 Cents $1.00 a Year 



WAGES OF SIN REDUCED 



lit uni'ail- 

on that it has 

nfidence t lir« >nj^h its 

nary policies and il 
•lie machine cause. That answer 
- 

"W« getta da mon." 

This the Times a 

great n — which is natural. 

The kind od people that care lor nothing 
hut money usually care for it pretty hard. 

We must recognize the fact, however. 
that bhts form of argument carries weight 
with a good many people. One hundred 
years ago it would not have carried so much 
1, and one hundred years hence it will 
not carry any weight at all ; but after a 
country has specialized in the production of 
money-makers for a century, the poison of 
it gets into everybody's blood, more or less, 
and takes entire possession of many. 

"Well, lienor is the subject of my story," 
says Cassius, but since the Times prefers 
money, let us see how the story will run 
with that change. Money — Ihonest money 
at least — in the newspaper business comes 
either through circulation or advertising. 
On the last page, number 32, of Part I of 
the Times edition of Jan. 1, 1910, (N. B. 
This is no advertisement. That particular 
annual is rather the worst the Times has 
done yet — a teaspoonful of fact and statis- 
tics to an ocean of guff and paid puffery), 
we find the Times' own statement of its cir- 
culation and advertising for each year from 
1900 to 1909, inclusive, the latter year hav- 
ing the last half of December estimated. We 
do not undertake to guarantee the correct- 
ness of these figures except to this extent : 
We will guarantee that they are not too 
small. Let us accept them, however, as 
they stand. 

Circulation first. In the last four years 
from 1906 to 1909, inclusive, the Times has 
increased from 50,438 daily average to 54,- 
850, a gain of 4362 or 8 2-3 per cent. That 
is not only the smallest gain of any four 
years in the whole ten, but it is not even 
one-third of the per cent of gain of any 
other four years. Thus, in the next preced- 
ing four years, 1903 to 1906, inclusive, the 
gain was from 36,657 to 50,488, which is 
13,831, or 37 per cent — over four times as 
great. Going back for another test, the cir- 
culation in 1902 was 31,250 copies, and four 
years later in 1905, it was 43,150. Differ- 
ence 11,900, or 38 per cent of gain. This 
against the 8 2-3 per cent of the last four 
years. Again, 1901 the figure is 28,777, and 
in 1904 (four years inclusive) is 37,702; gain 
8925, or 31 per cent. 

It was in the year 1902 that the Times 
began to flop from progressive policies to 
reactionary. In that year it conceived a 
grouch aeainst the Municipal League. 
Through 1903 and 1904 it fought everything 
the League advocated (as indeed it has 
done consistently down to date). Those 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 

Published Every Saturday 

837 South Spring St. 

Los Angeles, California, 

by the 

PACIFIC OUTLOOK COMPANY 

Subscription price $1.00 a year in advance. 
Single copies 5 cents at all news stands. 

A. M. DUNN, Manager 
C. D. WILLARD Editorial Contributor 

NOTICE TO SUBSCRIBERS— The Pacific Out- 
look is mailed to subscribers through the Los 
Angeles Post Office every Friday, and should 
be delivered in every part of the city by Satur- 
day's post. If for any reason it should be de- 
layed, or be delivered in poor condition, sub- 
scribers will confer a favor upon the publishers 
by giving them immediate notice. 

Entered ti second-clan mitler April 5, 1907, at the poitoSice at 
L01 Angelei, California, under the act of Congrett of March J, 1879. 

were good years for business, and yet the 
circulation for 1903 was 36,657, and for 1904 
was 37,702, a gain of less than a thousand. 
Through the next year 1905 and most of 
1906 there was nothing doing in local poli- 
tics, and the Times had no chance to show 
its worst side. Circulation went up from 
37,702 in 1904 to 50,488 in 1906. The peo- 
ple had not yet begun to get its size. In the 
last months of 1906 came the Gates-Lind- 
ley-Harper campaign, and the Times was 
caught in some particularly dirty work — 
the forgery of a popular ballot. Between 
1906 and 1907 there is a gain of less than 
1100 papers. The panic did not come until 
November of 1907, and would not affect the 
circulation of that year. The small gain of 
1279 the next year wDiuld be due to hard 
times, but the advance of only 1050 this 
year, when business and population were 
increasing by leaps and bounds, certainly 
means something. 

Advertising tells about the same story. 
The figure for 1906 is 58,356 columns; for 
1909 (four years inclusive) is 54,063, a net 
loss of 4393 columns, or 7 per cent off. In 
the preceding four years, 1903 to 1906, in- 
clusive, there Was a gain from 35,151 to 



LAST CALL 

Tthe postoff.ee objects to the Municipal 
League paying subscriptions to Pacific Out- 
look for its members, and it is therefore 
necessary that these subscriptions be taken 
individually. The first call brought in sev- 
eral hundred, but there still remain some 
who have lost their subscription blanks, or 
never received them, or who have them 
buried deep in the basket or the corner of 
the desk. Better give this matter immedi- 
ate attention, or you are liable to lose sev- 
eral numbers of the paper, which may (or 
possibly may not) cause you grief. If the 
subscription blank is lost, just send a check 
for $1.00 and your card and we will attend 
to the rest. 



58,356 columns, which is 23,3 
cent. The gain from 1900 t,. 1903, inclu- 
sive, was 60 per cent. There is a good bit 
of difference between a gain of 60 or '" 
cent, and a loss of 7 per cent. No i 
part of this is to he charged to panic. Imi 
not all. There is not a bank in the city 
whose deposits for 1909 will not greatly ex- 
ceed its deposits of 1906, and scarcely a 
business house that will not show great 
gains in the latter year as against the for- 
mer. Home Telephone, for just one ex- 
ample, had 26,192 machines in Los Angeles 
in 1906 and 35,200 in 1909. Clearing house, 
building operations, mail figures, every- 
thing, show big gains of 1909 over 1906— 
and yet Times advertising shows a net loss 
of 7 per cent. 

It takes some time for a whole commu- 
nity to wake up to the fact that a former 
friend has become an enemy. Reading a 
newspaper is like any other habit — hard to 
change. As for the advertiser, he goes after 
returns not sentiment ; and he will damn a 
publication with one hand, while he pays 
it his money with the otiher. If the Devil 
were to come to Los Angeles and start a 
newspaper, using for his motto "To Hell 
with Decency!" (by the way, can it be that 
this has actually taken place?) there are 
plenty of people who would cheerfully give 
him advertising, if he only had the circula- 
tion to sbow for it. And in the matter of 
circulation, it must be remembered that the 
people of Arizlona, Calabasas and Galla- 
fooosa do not care a whoop what lies the 
Times tells about Los Angeles affairs. What 
they want is the most white paper and ink 
and sensations and Care-of-the-body they 
can get for their money and the Times gives 
all of that, and 'in those centers it circulates 
furiously. Then we must not forget the 
thousands of middle-class snobs who love it 
because it fights the "working clawses." 
They will stay bv, whatever happens. And 
if worse coimes to worse there is one Pat 
Calhoun who will take $17,000 worth of 
copies. So the situation is far from hope- 
less. 

But wHat the people of this city have 
'most to fear from the Times during 1910 
is a pretended change of heart. Reform, 
Dr. Johnson is misquoted as saying, is the 
last refuge of a scoundrel. We have the 
'Times now just where we like to see it— 
\>ut in the open, unmasked, beaten and dis- 
graced, committed to every line of indecent 
and impossible policies, full of rage and 
fury but impotent for harm. And long may 
'it remain there — pilloried for a horrible ex- 
ample. 

♦ ♦ ♦ 

NO COMPROMISE 



We are just entering upon a campaign 
for the nomination and election of state 
officers, including members of the Legisla- 
ture, a United States Senator, and also for 
county officials, including two members of 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



the Board of Supervisors. Active work may 
not begin for several months yet, but it is 
not too early to consider the issues of the 
campaign and the fundamental principles 
that are to guide those who expect to help 
make the people's fight. 

There is in reality only one issue ; there is 
one purpose that should shape the policy 
of those who stand for the best interest of 
the commonwealth. 

That one issue is For or Against the 
Southern Pacific control of the State, and 
that one purpose is to drive the corporation 
out of California politics. 

In Russia, and formerly in Turkey, when 
the reactionary elements desire an excuse 
to stamp out all liberal tendencies in any 
city or district they cold-bloodedly start a 
religious persecution of some kind — usually, 
in Russia it is against the Jews, in Turkey 
against the Christians. 

This distracts public attention from the 
villainies the government is about to prac- 
tice, creates general confusion, and checks, 
for the time, the people's demand for .free 
institutions. 

Exactly the same game is played here, 
only a different motive is used to bait the 
trap. For years the corporation political 
machine has held its power by stirring up 
a silly meaningless partisanship among the 
voters. It makes us believe that some of 
us are Democrats and others are Republi- 
cans, although neither word has any longer 
a real significance. But partisanship is a 
species of "dope," like religious bigotry, 
that will in a flash transform an apparently 
sane and conscientious citizen into a cheap 
political serf who is willing — so he says — to 
"vote for a yellow dog," if one gets on the 
ticket — and yellow dogs are the kind of 
nominees the machine puts up, if it has 
enough voters of that order at hand. 

The Democratic party has long since 
passed out of existence as a real factor in 
California politics or in the affairs of this 
county. For that matter it has no standing 
as a national party ; for by no stretch of the 
imagination can one believe that it will 
again elect a president on its present flabby 
policies and with its present blasted organi- 
zation. It has no real leaders, no standards, 
no outlook. It is a joke. That it here and 
there wins a local election means nothing. 
Socialists, union laborites, independents, 
Prohibitionists occasionally do that. Thus 
the vote achieved by Theodore Bell four 
years ago, which nearly made him governor, 
was not a Democratic vote. It was largely 
a vote of protest against Gillett. If Lang- 
don had not run independently Bell would 
have been elected, but that would not have 
been a Democratic victory. If Mr. W. J. 
Bryan chances to pick up a diamond pin in' 
a street car, that is not a Democratic 
achievement merely because he calls his 
politics by that name. 

The last vestige of reason has long since 
departed from the partisan scheme, and still 
it works with some people. But their num- 
ber is rapidly decreasing. When the trick 
fails to work with a majority of the people 
of the State, the rule of the corporation ma- 
chine will be over. 

There being no issue of genuine national 
politics to divide the intelligent people of 
the State, it should be possible to make 
them feel the profound importance of the 
real local issue : Whether the politics of 
California are to continue in the control of 
the Southern Pacific Company or whether 
the people will take charge of their own 
affairs. 



After this issue has been fought to a con- 
clusion with the result that is inevitable, viz. 
the freeing of the State, future generations 
will look back with incredulous horror to 
the present situation. "Was it possible," 
they will say, "that our fathers, with the 
ballot in their hands, permitted a single 
great special interest — a railroad of all 
things ! — ito name their County and State 
officials, particularly those that had to do 
with the assessment of taxes and the admin- 
istration of law, to fill the State Legislature 
with its henchmen, who under open orders 
from known S. P. employees fought all pro- 
gressive legislation and passed laws for the 
protection of grafters and the direct profit 
of the railroad?" 

The issue is now so plain and is so well 
understood by great numbers of people that 
it ought to be possible to tackle it in a per- 
fectly open and frank way, without resort- 
ing to the compromises and half-way forms 
of expression that have usually been em- 
ployed. Nothing is to be gained by trying 
to sugar-coat the pill. The machine will 
not be lulled into inaction by pretty talk, but 
the reform forces, on the other hand, are 
weakened by the seeming uncertainty of 
purpose. The slogan should be "we are 
against the Southern Pacific railroad in our 
politics," with no ifs nor ands about it — no 
apologies nor explanations, regrets nor ex- 
ceptions. Thus when a man begins to de- 
plore this "rising tide of feeling against the 
corporations," we know that he is on the 
other side of the fight. Why should there 
not be a feeling against the Southern Pa- 
cific corporation, after the way it has de- 
bauched our politics, owned our senators, 
made our laws, dodged taxes, made a joke 
of our railway commission, filled up our 
legislature with cheap scallawags, helped to 
save grafters from punishment, paid news- 
papers to betray their communities, all the 
while that it was sucking the very life- 
blood of commercial enterprise. Prejudice? 
Yes, we admit that after a man has knocked 
us down and kicked us and taken our money 
and called us bad names, we are so miser- 
ably human that we are liable to entertain 
a prejudice against him. And as soon as 
we get on our feet we are for going after 
him. There are those, however, that would 
rather kiss his hand and grovel, in the hope 
that he will behave better in the future. 

A clean straight-out line-up is what is 
needed in the politics of the State ; and we 
believe that the direct primary will help the 
people to get it. Away with all the side- 
issues, whether of partisanship or morality 
or administrative detail. The question for 
each candidate is : Are you for the S. P. ma- 
chine or for the people? And let his record 
be searched. 

T V V 

CASE OF RESPONSIBILITY 



In the midst of their gratification at see- 
ing the. city offices filled by men of their 
own choice, the Good Government people 
will not fail to recognize the responsibility 
that rests on them for the administration of 
the next two years. There. is no chance to 
lay the blame for mistake on any one else, 
as, for example, when the Mayor is of one 
party and the Council of another;, for in 
this case all offices, executive and legisla- 
tive, are filled with men who profess to be 
of the Good Government faith. Four pos- 
sible exceptions to this are the boards 
whose members are appointed for specified, 
terms, the majority of which are not as yet 
chosen by this administration. Such are 



Water, Library, Civil Service and Board of 
Public Works. The Water Board and Pub- 
lic Works will be accepted into this admin- 
istration without any particular question; 
but changes will be required in the per- 
sonnel of both the Civil Service and the Li- 
brary Board, before the Good Government 
organization will acknowledge responsibil- 
ity for their conduct of affairs. 

These are, however, small details. With 
respect to the general administration re- 
sponsibility is frankly admitted. We have 
to recognize that not only the Good Govern- 
ment organization is on trial during the 
next two years, but many of the policies for 
which the Municipal League has stood 
sponsor are also on trial. The results of an 
administrative failure would therefore prove 
doubly disastrous and might check the pro- 
gressive sentiment in this city for a number 
of years. 

With respect to these policies and the re- 
sponsibility of "Our Set" for them, it should 
be noted that none of them were forced by 
legislative enactment, but that all were 
adopted by the people. It is one thing 
when a partisan organization gets control 
by machine methods of the city's legislative 
body, and forces laws upon the people; and 
quite a different thing when an organiza- 
tion, like the Municipal League or the Good 
Government Committee, advocates the 
adoption of a charter amendment, or an 
initiative ordinance, and gets it passed by 
the people. In the one case the party is ab- 
solutely and solely responsible; in the other 
case the responsibility is shared, if not 
largely carried, by the people. 

It might be noted in this connection that 
it is characteristic of the machine to do its 
legislative work independently of the people. 
The machine never trusts the people — and 
that for a very good reason. 

Again, we might, if so disposed, limit the 
responsibility of the Good Government or- 
ganization with respect to the present office 
holders, for if ever a set of men were actual- 
ly nominated .by the people and then elected 
by the people it was these. The Good Gov- 
ernment organization is entirely ready and 
indeed proud to accept both credit and re- 
sponsibility in the matter, and yet here, as 
in the matter of legislative action, there is 
a vast difference between the form of re- 
sponsibility assumed by a party machine, 
when it stacks its caucuses and conventions 
to bring out a set of candidates already 
slated by a boss, and with its party machin- 
ery insures their election, and that of a good 
government committee when it advises with 
respect to candidates in a free, open, direct 
primary, with no party influence in it, and 
then endorses the best of the people's 
nominees. 

Under some circumstances we might ap- 
proach a responsibility for an entire admin- 
istration with fear and trembling. It often 
has happened, in other cities, for example, 
that a revolt has started against a corrupt 
political machine, the usual combination, 
let us say, of corporations, saloons and in- 
terested party workers, and that, as a result, 
an independent ticket, made up chiefly of 
business men inexperienced in public life, 
has been elected to office. Under those con- 
ditions, the Committee of One Hundred, or 
other -hastily formed citizens' organizations, 
may well hold its breath when its respon- 
sibility is mentioned.. They had better 
"step softly and speak low," for something 
is very liable to happen. Business men, un- 
used to public affairs, as a rule, make very 
unsatisfactory city officers. An administra- 
tion can stand a few of them, and be better 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



t, but when they are the whole thing, 
then look out for trouble. 

Hut the present situation is not at all of 
that order. The "revolt" is an old - 

■utbrcak. The organizations 
back of the movement have been in i 
ence many years, and their work for civic 
ami political betterment has been long un- 
der way. The leaders know what they are 
. the principles are clearly defined, a 
definite program -trctches out into the fu- 
ture. 

he city officials just elected, they 
have almost without exception had experi- 
ence in public affairs, and those holding the 
;' largest trust and responsibility 
may be described as veterans. Mayor Alex- 
ander has been in public service fifteen 
years. Desperate efforts were made by the 
machine and its chief organ to translate this 
fact into a reproach, but to sane people it 
was a recommendation. Every one of the 
nine councilmen has seen some form of pub- 
lic service, although in one case, O'Brien, 
this was as president of an improvement 
association — which is good practice. Plant 
and Williams have served on commissions. 
The same is true of Andrews whose work 
on the police commission was recent and of 
great importance, and Betkouski whose 
years of work with the fire department have 
made him of especial value. Gregory served 
as secretary of a famous grand jury (of 
which Andrews also was a member), and 
his work as secretary of the Union League 
Club helps to equip him for public life. 
Lusk was for many years an office holder 
in Texas and made an excellent record. The 
long and valuable public careers of the new 
president of Council, Judge Works, and the 
Council's chancellor of the exchequer, Mr. 
Washburn, are too well known to need 
comment. 

The present Board of Education is a re- 
elected body and its president is serving his 
third term. Of the six remaining city offi- 
cials four, Hewitt, Mallard, Hance and 
Lelande have had long experience in their 
present places and the two others, Meyers 
and Taggart, are known to be well qualified. 

Men of the kind we have described, ex- 
perienced in public affairs, honest, well- 
meaning and thoroughly awake to the seri- 
ousness of the duty they have undertaken, 
are not likely to make any bad mistakes. 
That they will please everybody is not to 
be expected nor desired. The machine's or- 
gan stands ready to discredit the adminis- 
tration by every process known to smooth, 
unscrupulous newspaper men. If it pre- 
tends for a time to speak kindly, remember 
that it is only that it may stab the deeper 
when the chance comes. Its weapons are 
poisoned, and its fighting methods are those 
of the Apache and the Bushman. Let no 
one be deceived by its plausibility, our of- 
fice holders, least of all. Its kiss is the kiss 
of Judas — given for betrayal — and its only 
effective blows are those struck from be- 
hind with the loaded bludgeon. It will, no 
doubt, select from among the office holders 
some that it wishes for friends and will 
flatter and fawn upon them ; but they, more 
than others, have cause for apprehension. 

The responsibility of the Good Govern- 
ment people, of the Municipal League, of 
"Our Set," if you please, for this adminis- 
tration is cheerfully recognized and ac- 
cepted. Nobody pretends that it will be 
perfect ; no one claims that it can work 
miracles. But whatever honest, capable, 
experienced, earnest men can do, these will 
do, and the city is not likely to lose under 
their care. 



AN ENGLISHMAN'S AMERICAN 



A good deal of amusement is to be had 
in reading English stories in which Ameri- 
cans appear, or which are located in Amer- 
ica. Tin shman's struggle with 
American slang and idioms of speech would 
be fairly pathetic, were it not that he i 
ually so well satisfied with himself over the 
result he achieves. 11 is mistakes of geog- 
raphy, of natural history and of local CUS- 
toms are equally ludicrous. The "Strand," 
an English periodical, at one time made a 
specialty of California stories. One of their 
staff artists did the illustrations. He had 
made a study of the Australian gold mines, 
and as California produces gold it follows, 
clearly enough, that all its people must dress 
and look and act like Australian gold 
miners. In the text the Pacific O'cean was 
made to "lave the foot of the Rockies," and 
when a man was bitten by a rattlesnake he 
dropped dead instantly. 

E. Phillips Oppenheim, a marvelously 
clever English story writer, is doing a con- 
tinued story named "The Illustrious Prince" 
for the Cosmopolitan. In the January num- 
ber he introduces an American of the com- 
mercial traveler type, and he makes a heroic 
effort to give him real "American ' to speak. 
Every other sentence begins "I guess" or 
"I reckon," expressions that signalize to an 
English audience the approach of the Amer- 
ican, as slow music indicates the beginning 
of a pathetic scene in the melodrama. 

Here is one of the American's first 
speeches : "I checked what I had through 
from Liverpool to the hotel. I can't stand 
being fussed around by all these porters, 
and having to go and take pot luck among 
a pile of other people's baggage. We'll just 
take one of these twcnwheeled sardine tins 
that you people call hansoms, and get 
around to the hotel as quick as we can. 
There are a few pals of mine who generally 
lunch in the cafe there, and they mayn't all 
have cleared off, if we look alive." 

Being "fussed arourid" has rather a made- 
up sound even for a slangy American — and 
this man is a steady and sedate sort of a 
person, not especially slangy. We use the 
expression "to take pot luck" about chance 
invitations to dine, but if would be quite 
awkward and unusual as a figure of speech. 
As for sardine "tins," the American would 
be more likely to say sardine "cans." The 
final sentence is quite ludicrous. "Pals" is 
a stage and story-book expression, seldom 
used except in the expression "an old pal 
erf -mine." "Have cleared off" is evidently a 
Stagger at "have cleared out" which was a 
popular phrase in the 70's, and is still used 
at rare intervals. To "look alive" is credited 
on this side of the Atlantic with being dis- 
tinctly English. It is used chiefly by people 
that affect English expressions, although it 
may possibly have some local vogue. 

Mr. Ooulson is so fair an example of the 
Englishman's American in his speech that 
he is worth considering in detail. He al- 
most invariably uses "don't" for "doesn't"; 
for example: "It don't seem to me." This, 
it must be admitted, is characteristic of the 
average careless American, but does not the 
Englishman of the same type make the 
same error? The American's conversation 
is sprinkled with elisions, such as "wasn't," 
"don't," "aren't," etc., but these are gener- 
ally characteristic of spoken as against writ- 
ten language and are not peculiar to any 
district or country. 

One of the first things out American is 
made to say is: "I know they wanted to 



see me directly 1 arrived," which is very 
good English, but in America we would say 
" \> soon as" instead of "direct; 

In- lias a great fondness for the word 
"chap." "A good steady chap," he says, and 
"a good chap at his work," and "he wasn't 
a worrying sort of and "I lied to 

those reporters and chaps." An Am. 
in colloquial speech would be more likely to 
use the word "fellow," although "chap" is 
not impossible. 

At times the desperate efforts of Mr. i >i' 
penheim to get the latest fresh American- 
isms become almost painful to witness: "I 
guess he had a sight more money than was 

found upon him. l'he way he went on, 

you'd think he'd never had any friends.'' 
"I guess you'll have to look sharp, then." 
"He scuttled off the boat without a word." 
"He could answer a sheaf of questions a 
yard long." 

However, Mr. Oppenheim is on the whole 
rather better than the average English writ- 
er in his portrayal of an American. 
1> ♦ + 

PRESS COMMENT 

The small smugglers are easier to land 
than the Sugar Trust. — Washington Star. 

Obviously, Mr. Jeffries would not do for 
the post of Minister to China. — Chicago Tri- 
bune. 



We cheerfully fall in with the spelling- 
reform board's action in changing it to knox. 
Washington Post. 



For a man who has retired from Wall 
Street Mr. Morgan shows that his financial 
appetite is still good. — Washington Post. 



Is Tammany responsible for "Uncle Joe's" 
troulbles, or is "Uncle Joe" responsible for 
Tammany's troubles? — Washington Herald. 



Are insurance scandals still possible? We 
thought that class of public service corpor- 
ations had learned its bitter lesson. — Balti- 
more Star. 



No wonder Chicago insists upon having a 
local man as Assistant Secretary of the 
Treasury. Why, Armour & Co. are making 
only 35 per cent net profit these days ! — 
Detroit Journal. 



The President cannot force Mr. Pinchot 
into retirement without angering the Roose- 
velt wing of the party, while every one 
would regret to see the government lose an 
official so pre-eminently qualified for leader- 
ship in the Forest Service. — 'Springfield Re- 
publican. 



The bakers' trust is reported from New 
York to be assured. What shall it profit 
the country to dissolve the oil trust and 
find the staff of life in the firm grip of the 
bread trust? The President devotes several 
lines in his message to the increasing cost 
of living, but he fails to discuss the relation 
of the trusts or the tariff thereto. — Philadel- 
phia Record. 



Mr. Carnegie says that the solution of the 
problems involving labor and capital is in 
profit-sharing, and that if he were going 
back into the steel business again the first 
movement he would make would be to in- 
augurate profit-sharing with the men. Very 
likely some of Mr. Carnegie's old employes 
would like to have him divide his past pro- 
fits with them even now. — Boston Globe. 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 




'7T HE DATA for this department is sup- 
*** plied from the statistical bureau of the 
Municipal League of Los Angeles, but 
neither that organization nor any other has 
any control over, or is in any way respon- 
sible for, the general policy of PACIFIC 
OUTLOOK. 



No Saloons on Aqueduct. The decision 
of the Supreme Court expelling saloons 
from the aqueduct will be hailed with satis- 
faction by all good citizens. 

* * * 

.Another City in Line. Rochester, which 
is one of the most progressive and best gov- 
erned cities in the State of New York, is 
considering the adoption of the commission 
system. 

* * * 

City Asphalt Plant. San Francisco fig- 
ures a saving of $70,977.32 by reason of the 
operation of its own asphalt plant in the 
past seven months. It has done over a mil- 
lion square feet of repair work. 

* * * 

Feature of City Hall. About a year ago 
the city of Portland, Maine, lost its city hall 
by fire. In the new building, the founda- 
tions of which are now being laid, there will 
be an auditorium, seating 3,000 people. 

* * * 

Fenders in San Francisco. In spite of 
vigorous opposition from the trolley lines, 
San Francisco has adopted what seems to 
be an effective fender ordinance. It does 
not apply to cars running on grades of over 
10 per cent. 

* 4" + 

Municipal Depot. Cincinnati, having 
failed, in spite of many efforts, to get its 
railroads together on a union depot project, 
is now considering a plan for a union depot 
constructed by the municipality and rented 
to the railroads. The advocates of the plan 
claim that it can be made a source of profit 
to the city. 

+ * * 

Arcades to Widen Streets. Former May- 
or Guthrie of Pittsburg, who has recently 
returned from a European trip, recom- 
mended to the city council that to widen 
the now congested streets in the down town 
district they force the construction of ar- 
cades. This is receiving favorable con- 
sideration, and is likely to 'be adopted. 

* * * 

Mayor's Message. As a rule the annual 
message of the Mayor of Los Angeles to 
Council has been largely bluff. Custom is 
for the Mayor to recommend all sorts of 
splendid improvements for the city — every- 
thing in fact that anybody suggests to him 
— and thus "pass the buck" up to Council. 
As there is no money to do most of these 
things, and as the Mayor and Council are 
usually at war, the recommendations are 
promptly buried and soon forgotten. May- 
or Alexander's message of Jan. 4th, 1910, is 
made under more favorable conditions, as 
he and Council are of the same faith, and 
are equally devoted to the public interest. 
His recommendations are all practical and 
within easy reach. While we are not pre- 
pared to say that they should all be adopted, 
there is no question that they all deserve the 



most careful consideration, and they will 
undoubtedly receive it. We recommend to 
all good citizens a careful perusal of the 
Mayor's message, as it will form the basis 
of the general policy of the new adminis- 
tration on many issues. 

Near Stop in Rochester. The stopping- 
on-the-near-side plan was recently adopted 
by the trolley lines of Rochester, New York, 
and it has given great satisfaction. To les- 
sen the confusion of change, the railways 
spent over $1000 on signs and advertising 
to inform the public beforehand. The traf- 
fic officers estimate that there is a saving of 
nearly fifty per cent in the running time of 
the cars through congested streets. 

♦ * ♦ 

Tubercular Children in School. The 
Health and Education boards of Indiana- 
polis are conferring on the question of ex- 
cluding tubercular children from the 
schools. It is contended that such children 
should devote their energies to getting well, 
rather than to study. Very good, if exclu- 
sion from school would accomplish that; 
but it will not. Many cities are now con- 
ducting special schools for children thus 
afflicted. 

* * * 

Geary Street Line for the City. Four 
times the city of San Francisco has voted 
on the question of issuing bonds to equip 
the Geary street line of street cars for muni- 
cipal operation. The line was originally 
built by private capital, but the franchise 
expired several years ago, and since then 
has been carried along on a payment of part 
of the receipts to the city. Projects were 
put forward in 1902 and 1903 for a bond 
issue to equip the line properly for opera- 
tion by the city ; but while the vote in favor 
was larger than the vote against, it was not 
a two-thirds majority. The reason given 
at the time was popular distrust of Schmitz 
and Ruef. In May of this year another vote 
was taken on substantially the same plan. 
It very nearly achieved the required two- 
thirds but the vote was very light — only 22,- 
000 in total. December 30th, the fourth 
trial took place, and 31,185 votes were cast 
for and 11,694 against, which carried it by 
a handsome majority. As McCarthy had 
made speeches against the bonds, it does 
not appear that the 17,000 more votes cast 
for the project in December than were cast' 
in May came from the party of Union Labor. 
The reactionary and Calhoun press fought 
the bonds with great vigor and many of the 
commercial organizations declared against 
them. 

+ * * 

New Police Commission. The Mayor has 
appointed his police commission for the new 
term, and the names give assurance of ex- 
cellent work. John Topham, who has made 
a famous record in his eight months of ser- 
vice for courage, cool judgment and a keen 
understanding of the most difficult prob- 
lems, will be retained. Charles Wellborn, 
son of the eminent and highly-esteemed 
Judge of the United States Circuit Court, is 
a successful lawyer, a pronounced friend of 
good government, and a man who can be 
relied upon to stand firm on every moral 
issue. Parley M. Johnson, a brother of O. 
T. Johnson who served as police commis- 



sioner for a time in the administration of 
Mayor McAleer, has long been active in 
church and civic affairs and has a wide cir- 
cle of friends who repose a high degree of 
confidence in him. Mr. Johnson is likely to 
be objected to by the liquor interest as a 
"prohibitionist," but the objection is not 
valid. Undoubtedly Mr. Johnson believes 
that the city would be better off if it had no 
saloons at all, but as long as the people of 
the city vote to license saloons, he will, as 
a police commissioner, abide faithfully by 
that policy and will endeavor to square it 
with the best moral interests of the city. 
The welfare of an honest law-abiding sa- 
loon keeper is less subject to risk in the 
hands of a just man like P. M. Johnson, 
than in the hands of a grafter who sells him 
fake stock under threat of a hold-up. The 
fourth member, A. N. Davidson, has been 
a property owner and business man in this 
city for many years, is well-known and uni- 
versally held in high regard. He has not 
been much in public life but he is the type 
of good citizen who will do his duty con- 
scientiously as he sees it. The Mayor is to 
be congratulated on his commission. They 



THE REMARKABLE 

VALUES BEING 

OFFERED EACH 

WEEK IN THE MANY 

LINES WE HAVE 

FEATURED SINCE 

OPENING OUR 

NEW STORE 



— have created widespread interest among 
furniture seekers — and leave no room for 
question as to the advantage to be gained 
in buying here; 

— our great new stock is noteworthy, be- 
cause it is all new, of latest production, 
embracing the handsomest patterns brought 
out in recent years; 

— and these beautiful new furnishings here 
are being offered at prices actually less than 
is asked for old goods everywhere; 
— visit us — if only to look; everyone is cor- 
dially welcome. 

See Sunday papers, Jan. 9, for Announce- 
ment of Extraordinary Sale High Grade 
Brass Beds. 



§ark£r<firci 



(New Location) 
724 to 732 So. Broadway 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



will probably work well together, and will 
give the city a good administration of police 
affairs. 

♦ ♦ + 

Loss of School Superintendent. The ex- 
1 has happened. Superintendent of 
re has accepted the chair 
it Vale — a position of special 
' irgc influence in the educa- 
tional world. \\ e say it was expected for 
ns, first because l'r. Mo,. re was 
likely to have, from time to time, offers of 
hat were more lucrative and more 
prominent than the superintendence of our 
-'.em, and second because his resi- 
dence among us has been rendered unpleas- 
ant and his performance of duty made diffi- 
cult by a series of vile attacks from a lying 
and obscene newspaper, the Los All 
Times. The schools of this city have bene- 
fitted in a high degree by the three years 
of the Doctor's service, and the community 
is the better for his presence here. He 
ht his fight with the Times — forced on 
him fnmi the beginning against his will — 
to a handsome finish, leaving that paper 
pounded to a pulp and gasping for breath. 
When the attacks on Dr. Moore began, one 
of the members of the School Board asked 
the managing editor of that paper what they 
hoped to accomplish. "We shall drive him 
out of town," was the reply, a form of 
threat constantly in use in that office. When 
(bonds were to be voted for school construc- 
tion, the Times, ignoring the city's neces- 
sities, fought the issue — and lost. The vote 
was nearly two to one for the bonds. Set- 
ting up a stool pigeon, the paper then un- 
dertook to obstruct the sale of the bonds, 
but its case was thrown out of court. 
Enough of a cloud was cast on the bonds 
by the newspaper's threat of further action, 
to delay temporarily their sale, but a popu- 
lar subscription finally took the entire issue. 
Then came on the election. The Times per- 
suaded the machine element — with which 
alone it has influence — to refuse to renomi- 
nate the present board of education in the 
so-called "Republican" convention ; but the 
convention dared not make an opposing 
nomination. This left the party in the 
humiliating position of taking no interest 
whatever in the schools. The Good Govern- 
ment people renominated the present board, 
and it was reelected iby overwhelming ma- 
jorities — five or six to one. No more com- 
plete vindication was ever given a city of- 
ficer in Los Angeles than came to Dr. E. C. 
Moore under the attacks of the Times. 
There was nothing anywhere in the out- 
come from which that paper could extract 
one iota of comfort or satisfaction. How- 
ever, no one will suppose that an experience 
of that sort is agreeable to any public man, 
least of all to one engaged in educational 
work. The spectacle was not a pleasing 
one, but it was instructive to the com- 
munity — and perhaps we have needed in- 
struction on the difference between a news- 
paper and an organ of personal malice. Dr. 
Moore has set our people a splendid ex- 
ample of courage and fortitude and good 
fighting, although he held a position where 
he was entitled to decent consideration as a 
non-combatant. 

+ + * 

Saving Their Face. Even after a man has 
been discharged for incompetency, his em- 
ployer is generally willing to shake hands 
with him and say a few kind words at part- 
ing. "I will say this for you, Jake," said 
the farmer when he dismissed the new hired 
man at the end of his first month. "Al- 
though you are lazy and careless and slow 



and thick-headed, 1 never did see anyone 
that had a better appetite than you have." 
We may therefore commend most highly 
the honest effort of the machine organ to 
make it appear that the council just 
out of office is not without some good quali- 
ties. The rule of allowing the other fellow 
save his face" will prevail in politics as 
it does in diplomacy, with good results to 
aver ami the savce. But care should 
be taken, in such cases, not to over do the 
job, lest public patience be exhausted and 
good-nature undermined ; whereupon the 
thing reacts and docs more harm than good. 
It is one thing to say that the late council 
was by no means as bad as it might have 
been, and quite another to maintain that it 
was a positive blessing to the city. We 
have remarked in these columns that the 
last council was a decided improvement 
over its predecessor, but if called upon to 
say why, we would allege two principal 
causes: 1st, that the non-partisans elected 
four members, thus reducing the machine to 
an unworkable majority of one, and 2nd, 
that public sentiment has grown to such 
formidable proportions under direct legis- 
lation and the recall that no council, no mat- 
ter what its make-up, would venture to go 
very far wrong. It is noticeable that the 
particular items the machine organ selects 
for stars in the diadem of the late council 
largely relate to its management of finances, 
and the credit for that lies almost exclusive- 
ly with the chairman of the finance com- 
mittee, Mr. Wallace, nominated and elected 
by the non-partisans and an active Good 
Government worker. Time and again the 
treasury would have been raided and 
wrecked 'but for the long and persistent 
fights put up by Mr. Wallace, in which he 
was always seconded by Mr. Wren, another 
nonpartisan and sometimes by Dromgold 
and Pease, who, although they owed their 
election largely to Good Government votes 
and influences, preferred to vote much of 
the time with the Republican majority. 
The remainder of the credit belongs with 
Mr. Mushet, the city auditor, who, in spite 
of the erroneous idea that he entertained of 
his own proper place in the scheme of 
things, was a competent accountant and 
generally stood for economy. We say 
"generally" because he increased his own 
office expense 66 per cent as against his 
predecessor, but he would not stand for even 
a small fraction of such increase elsewhere. 
What might have happened had there been 
no Wallace, no Wren and no Mushet, and 
had the 5th and 3rd Ward representatives 
been of the caliber of the rest of the coun- 
cil, and furthermore had there been no initia- 
tive and referendum and recall, and no alert, 
educated public sentiment — well, we don't 
care to think of that. Nevertheless, the 
actual record shows a council that was a 
large improvement over its two immediate 
predecessors and that ranks fairly well with 
any back to 1897-8 — which was the council 
presided over by Herman Silver and con- 
taining Toll, Baker and Mathus. 



Misunderstandings 

The budget has given rise to a number of 
good stories about Mr. Lloyd George, a par- 
ticularly good one concerning a recent ban- 
quet at which the Chancellor of the Ex- 
chequer was a guest. 

Sitting next to him was a young lady, 
who listened reverently to every word that 
fell from her hero's lips. 

"Ah," she ventured at last, "you have 
suffered a great deal in you life from being 
misunderstood, have you not?" 



"Yes," Mr. Lloyd George is reported to 
have replied, "I have suffered from being 
misunderstood; bu* I haven't suffered half 
as much as i have if 1 had been un- 

derstood." — M. A. P, 



Explained 

"Don't you want your nice bread and but- 
ter, Anne?" asked her father. Anne shook 
her head, "it's a shame to waste such nice 
bread and butter," continued her father. "I'll 
eat it myself." 

Anne watched the process with big eyes 
and a look of expectancy on her face. Final- 
ly, when the last mouthful had disappeared, 
Anne asked: "Papa, did it tickle?" 

"Tickle!" said her father. "Why, no. 
What do you mean?" 

"I thought it would tickle," said Anne. 
"It had a long hair on it." 



This Year 

The Dominie — "What kind of Christmas 
do you expect to have this year?" 

Little Society Boy — "That depends on 
whether the Judge gives me into the cus- 
tody of mamma or papa." — Brooklyn Life. 



Unromantic 

"Anything romantic about their wed- 
ding?" 

"Not a thing. She can cook, and he has a 
job." — Kansas City Journal. 



HIGH CLASS INVESTMENTS 



MINES &FAR1SH 

REAL ESTATE AGENTS 
353 S.Hill Street 



RESIDENT AND BUSINESS PROPERTIES 



-^^Su- 4 *^- 



317-325 

So. Broadway 



314-322 

So. Hill Street 



A. FUSENOT CO. 



»akiffii® Iirei© 



C@ir§@fc 



E are authorized agents for Los 
Angeles, for this ideal make of 
corsets. They are winning 
great favor from fastidious dressers be- 
cause they create those long straight lines 
demanded by present fashions. 

Our expert corsetieres will be pleased to 
show, or fit you, with the model designed 
for your individual figure. 

Prices range from $5.00 up 




PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



Your Property and Mine at Stake 



Private Interests, Seeking Control of 

Valuable Natural Resources Still 

Left to the People, Are Alert — 

Public Interest Should Be 

Vigilantly Represented. 



By James R. Garfield, La Follette's 
Weekly 

The permanent welfare of our na- 
tion cannot be assured unless we in 
this generation provide for the con- 
servation of our natural resources. 
Hitherto we have been needlessly 
wasteful. 'We have been too much 
occupied with the present; too little 
with the future. The inventory of 
our resources shows the immediate 
danger of their depletion or exhaus- 
tion. 

Conservation does not mean disuse 
of resources, but wise use in accord- 
ance with the real needs of each gen- 
eration. Mineral resources such as 
coal, oil and phosphates necessarily 
are destroyed by use. Other re- 
sources such as land, water and tim- 
ber may be used and yet improved, 
increased or replaced. iConservation 
means the prevention of needless 
waste in production, the development 
of highest efficiency in use, and wher- 
ever possible, improvement, increase 
and replacement. * * * 

Exactly as the railroads are regu- 
lated because they are public utilities 
so must the interests that develop nat- 
ural resources be regulated because 
they deal with public necessities. Un- 
fair use or monopolization of either 
is intolerable. 

We Have Made Progress 

Only a few years ago the man was 
ridiculed who demanded public in- 
formation about our natural resources 
and their use, warned the nation 
against abuse, preached conservation 
and urged public regulation. Today 
the man who opposes conservation is 
subject at least to suspicion. 

Fortunately conservation is becom- 
ing a vital question while yet there 
is much to conserve, and the wise 
owners of private interests have 
learned that conservation is not op- 
posed to fair profits and ultimate ad- 
vantage. 

During the past few years an enor- 
mous amount has been done in work- 
ing out the problem of conservation. 
A plain statement of what was done 
by the Roosevelt administration is 
opportune. 

Nearly two hundred million acres of 
public land were created into Nation- 
al Forests. Under Mr. Pinchot's man- 
agement of the Forest Service, mil- 
lions of feet of lumber have been 
saved from destruction and loss. Tim- 
ber stealing has been stopped. The 
work of the National Forest Service 
has established a standard for wise 
forest management and proved the 
business value of scientific, intelli- 
gent forestry. Those who now cut 
the public timber do so under regu- 
lations that prevent waste, promote 
:ontinued reproduction and provide 
For a fair payment to the public. The 
National Forests are now used for 
cattle and sheep grazing under rules 
that prevent over-grazing, yield a just 
compensation, protect the settler, 
give a fair chance to the small cattle 
or sheep man and make him secure 
against the aggression of the big man 
who formerly controlled the public 
grazing lands. 

The National Forests have been se- 
lected and are being used for the 
further purpose of protecting and 
safeguarding for all time water sheds 
and sources of water supply. The 
value of this service to the future wel- 
fare of our people cannot be over- 
estimated. In addition to the con- 



servation of water, the Forest Service 
has checked the unregulated use of 
water powers within National For- 
ests. This action also is in the inter- 
est of the permanent welfare of our 
people, and is based upon the simple, 
fair proposition that water — a neces- 
sary public resource — must not be 
turned over in perpetuity to selfish 
private interests, but must be de- 
veloped under Government regula- 
tions which will limit the grants to a 
definite term of years, provide for de- 
velopment, prevent speculative hold- 
ings or extortionate rates and yield 
a just compensation to the public. 

In 1906 Secretary Hitchcock with- 
drew from general entry about sev- 
enty million acres of coal land for 
the purpose of examination and in or- 
der to prevent further illegal or 
fraudulent acquisition. When I be- 
came Secretary of the Interior, Icon- 
tinued these withdrawals and directed 
that the coal lands in the western 
states be classified and valued in ac- 
cordance with their market value. 
(During my administration about 30 
million acres were classified and re- 
valued. President Roosevelt urged 
upon Congress the need of a change 
in the coal and land laws. He recom- 
mended that the coal be separated 
from the surface, the latter disposed 
of for the most available use, agricul- 
ture, grazing or timber, and the coal 
disposed of at fair prices by sale or 
lease, in accordance with the public 
needs, but under such regulations as 
would prevent monopoly, speculative 
holding, waste and extortionate 
charge to the consumer. I advocated 
such legislation before the House 
Committee on Public Lands and made 
report on a bill providing for it. 

Congress, however, passed a law 
merely authorizing the separation of 
surface and coal in certain pending 
bona fide homestead entries, a step 
in the right direction, , but far from 
what is needed. 

Why the Alaska Claims Were Held 
Up 

My order for valuation and classifi- 
cation could not apply to the coal 
lands of Alaska, as by law their value 
was fixed at $10.00 per. acre, but I 
continued Secretary Hitchcock's or- 
der as I believed that most of the at- 
tempted locations or entries in Alas- 
ka were fraudulent or illegal. I, 
however, authorized the considera- 
tion of bona .fide entries that had 
been made prior to the date of Secre- 
tary Hitchcock's order. The Alaska 
coal fields are of peculiar interest. 
They are centered in two great Alas- 
ka (fields, comparatively small in area, 
but enormously valuable. I found 
that some great interests were trying 
to acquire control of the Alaska fields 
and some bills were pending in Con- 
gress, which if passed would have 
validated many fraudulent entries. 
The old law was not satisfactory but 
some of the proposed bills would 
make it worse. I opposed, by report 
and oral hearing the bills that pro- 
posed to validate fraudulent or illegal 
entries, and pointed out the danger of 
those fields passing under monopolis- 
tic control and urged that the pro- 
posed law apply only to bona fide en- 
tries or claims. Congress enacted a 
law which afforded some relief from 
the restrictions of the old law, and 
clearly made its provisions applicable 
only to bona fide entries or claims. 
That law did not give what is needed 
to safeguard the public interests, but 
it is better than the old law and under 
it T was still able to prevent the pat- 
enting of fraudulent or illegal entries 
such as the Cunningham and similar 
claims. 



The results of .the executive actions 
relating to coal were important. Il- 
legal and fraudulent acquisition of 
coal lands was stopped, the greater 
part of the main land coal was classi- 
fied, much coal land illegally acquired 
was recovered, the first steps toward 
better legislation were . taken, the 
problem of conservation was clearly 
presented to Congress, the dangers 
of waste and monopolies were ex- 
posed and definite suggestions were 
made for a system of lease or condi- 
tional sale. 

Phosphate Lands Saved 

About four and one-half million 
acres of land containing mineral phos- 
phates I withdrew from entry upon 
the report of -Dr. Van Hise, President 
of The University of Wisconsin and 
then connected with the United 
States Geological Survey. That re- 
port showed conclusively that the 
agricultural lands of our country 
were steadily decreasing in produc- 
tivity, that every ton of our mineral 
phosphates is needed for our agricul- 
tural lands, that the developed min- 
eral phosphates in the South are in 
the hands of monopoly and that a 
very large per cent, of the phos- 
phates are being shipped abroad. The 
danger was great that the last known 
mineral phosphate lands on the public 
domain would be entered and con- 
trolled as the Southern deposits. I 
therefore withdrew these lands and 
urged upon Congress the pressing 
need of providing a leasing system 
under which these deposits could be 
developed for the benefit of our own 
farmers; not grabbed by the monopo- 
listic interests and exported to for- 
eign shores. 

Protecting Water Power Sites From 
Monopoly 

The problem of water power de- 
velopment and regulation was given 
most careful consideration by Presi- 
dent Roosevelt. The many possibili- 
ties for power development in navi- 
gable streams upon the public domain, 
gave the Federal Government a direct 
interest in the question, and imposed 
upon Federal officials a duty to safe- 
guard the public welfare. 

The enormous increase in the use 
of water for power and irrigation, and 
domestic consumption, has induced 
great activity on the part of big in- 
terests to acquire as many available 
reservoir and power sites as possible 
— there was imminent danger that 
such sites left on the public domain 
would be filed upon and obtained un- 
der conditions that would in no wise 
protect the public, but would make 
monopoly possible in the near future. 
President Roosevelt brought the ques- 
tion of control of power developed on 
navigable streams directly to the at- 
tention of Congress and stated the 
policy he believed necessary to pro- 



tect the public interests. The essen- 
tial features of that policy were that 
power sites should be granted only 
under conditions that would limit 
grants to a definite period, require 
development within reasonable time 
and at reasonable rates, and yield 
fair compensation to the government. 

This policy was to be carried out 
wherever the executive could enforce 
it under existing laws and Congress 
was asked to include such conditions 
in all legislation having to do with 
power development. 

Within the areas of the National 
Forests such regulations were being 
put into force, and in order to make 
the policy effective on the public do- 
main I had the engineers of the Recla- 
mation Service during the summer of 
1908 make a report to me of lands 
available for reservoir and power sites 
and power development. As a result 
of these reports I withdrew large 
areas of land from general entry. 
These withdrawals were not made 
hastily nor upon inadequate informa- 
tion. The lands were withdrawn un- 
der the provision of the Reclamation 
Act or under the supervisory author- 
ity and executive discretion vested in 
the Secretary. The purpose of the 
withdrawals was well known and 
thoroughly understood. It has been 
suggested that those withdrawals did 
not really show for what they were 
made. Nothing could be farther from 
the truth. It was not the habit of 
the Roosevelt administration to deal 
in the dark. The acreage reported 
aggregated about three million five 
hundred thousand (3,500,000), but out 
of this should be deducted all the pri- 
vate lands and valid entries existing 
at the time of the withdrawals. These, 
of course, were excepted and there- 
fore the actual area withdrawn was 
very much less than the stated total 
would make it appear. (But, whatever 
the area, the purpose of these with- 
drawals was to .make ample provision 
for the protection of the public inter- 
ests and to afford opportunity for the 
determination of how the policy for 
future development of power might 
be made most effective, whether by 
executive action or by additional 
legislation. Thus the work was 
started for saving the power and res- 
ervoir sites on the public domain. 

Irrigation Immensely Valuable 

The work under the Reclamation 
law is directly connected with power 
development. Wherever reservoirs 
and dams are needed for irrigation 
projects there may be opportunity for 
power. iHence both objects may be 
often combined with advantage to 
the public. 

The irrigation work done by the 
Federal Government during the past 
eight years is practical conservation 
of the highest order — millions of 



.. VI CTRO LA .. 



The Victor-Victrola is the "Talking 
Machine de Luxe" — the finest of Vic- 
tors, concealed in a beautiful cabinet, 
without the horn feature. The Vic- 
trola is an ornament to any drawing- 
room. No mechanical sounds what- 
ever are audible. The volume of music 
can be perfectly regulated. The $200 
Victrola is in solid mahogany, light 
or dark finish, with all metal work 
goldplated. The $250 Victrola is sim- 
ilar but in beautiful Circassian Wal- 
nut. The new Victrola at $125 com- 
bines all the advantages of the higher 
priced Victrolas, without the cabinet 
feature. Tone may be regulated, as 
in other Victrolas, by opening and 
closing the modifying doors. Victro- 
las may be purchased on terms of $10 
and up, monthly. 

Geo.J.BirkelCo. steinway i 




Cecilian and Victor Dealers 
345-347 S. Spring St. 






PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



acres of wonderfully rich land will 
ultimately be added to the productive 
area of our country. The intense cul- 
■ n required upon irrigated land 
Is in an enormous increase of the 
per acre. 
The poli Mem Roosevelt 

in dealing with water included all its 
It showed 
the necessity of considering a stream 
:nit and as an essential part of 
iter shed. The storage of 
n and do- 
supply has direct influence 
upon navigation and flood control. 
The mere statement of the problem 
shows the need of strict government 



regulation, the right of the Federal 
Government to act. No more in- 
tolerable monopoly can be imagined 
than that which would control the 
water supply of any great section of 
our country. 

This policy does not mean govern- 
ment operation. It menus the very 
opposite. The proposition is not to 
operate the water powers but to per- 
mit their development and operation 
by private interests, under regulations 
of the character 1 have above re- 
ferred to. Thus the public interests 
are safegurded and the private inter- 
est is given what it is entitled to, no 
more, no less. » » * 



TKe Mayor's Message 



Following is the message sent to 
the new Council by Mayor Alexander 
and read before that body on Tues- 
day last: 

In this, my first message since the 
members of your honorable body took 
office, I wish to express my gratifica- 
tion over the fact of your election. 
and to state that it will be a great 
pleasure to co-operate with you in 
making this the best and most 'busi- 
nesslike administration of Los An- 
geles. The keynote of the adminis- 
tration should be efficiency and econ- 
omy, and before the end of our term 
of office I hope to see our great en- 
terprises, the harbor, the aqueduct 
and the power plants, rapidly nearing 
completion. 

I wish to call to the attention of 
your honorable body the following 
matters and to make the following 
recommendations: 

New Charter 

Our city charter long has been out 
grown. Its most important provis- 
ions, the initiative, the referendum 
and the recall, election of councilmen 
at large, direct primary nominations, 
non-partisan elections, etc., are con- 
tained in amendments; and the whole 
charter is a cumbersome, unscientific 
thing. We should have a new, mod- 
ern, complete, harmonious charter- 
one that will fill every need of a great 
metropolis. I recommend that a com- 
mission ibe appointed to frame a new 
charter to be submitted to a board of 
freeholders to be later elected. 
Salaries and Employes 

I am given to understand that 70 
per cent of the citv's money is paid 
out for salaries. This is altogether 
too high a percentage. I believe that 
in many instances the amount of tne 
salary is 'based upon the personality 
rather than upon the efficiency of the 
employe or the value to the city of 
the work 'performed; that some de- 
partments have more men than are 
needed, while other departments do 
not have sufficient help. I would, 
therefore, respectfully recommend the 
appointment of a committee to take 
uo the question of the number of em- 
ployes needed in each department and 
the amount of salary each employe 
should receive. 

At the present time the salary ordi- 
nances are many and they are scat- 
tered indiscriminately through the 
ordinance books. These ordinances 
should he consolidated. 

City Store House 

At the present time in order to ob- 
tain supplies a city department^ must 
make requisition. This requisition 
goes to the supply clerk, who. as a 
general rule, must give notice thereof 
and receive bids. The bids must be 
acted upon by the suoply committee 
and the contract awarded. The result 
is that oftentimes the goods cannot 
he obtained for manv days after the 
requisition is made. There are many 



articles which are in common use in 
all the departments. Such articles 
should be purchased by the city in 
large quantities and kept on hand in 
a municipal store. Not only would 
it be more economical to buy in large 
quantities, but it would save much 
time in the filling of requisitions. 

Franchises 

Under the provisions of the state 
law commonly known as the "Brough- 
ton act," all persons, partnerships or 
corporations holding franchises for 
the operation of railway lines through 
the streets of a city must, during all 
the life of the franchise except the 
first five years thereof, pay to the city 
2 per cent of the gross income arising 
from such operation or holding. 

The Los Angeles-Redondo railroad 
is now using portions of Main street, 
Broadway, Grand avenue and Seventh 
street without a franchise. The city 
cannot obtain the revenue rightly due 
to it for the use of those streets by 
said corporation until said corpora- 
tion procures a franchise. I would, 
therefore, ask your honorable ibody to 
instruct the city attorney to take such 
legal steps as may he necessary to 
prevent the use of our streets by rail- 
ways without a franchise. 

Many of the street railways are 
carrying freight without a freight- 
carrying franchise. I believe that un- 
der iproper restrictions as to hours, 
kinds of freight, kinds of cars, etc., 
and with a provision for compensa- 
tion to the city for the privilege, 
freight-carrying franchises should 'be 
granted to the street railway com- 
panies; but certainly.it is very doubt- 
ful as to whether they should be al- 
lowed that privilege under their pres- 
ent franchises, with no restrictions. 

Public Health 

Pu'blic comfort stations should be 
established in various parts of our 
city, and means should be provided 
for the rebuilding of the lavatories 
in some of the city parks. 
Ferries 

In the report of the consolidation 
committee it is recommended that 
public ferries be at once established 
between pun Pedro and Terminal and 
between Wilmington and Terminal, 
said ferries to charge only a sufficient 
fare to nay the cost of operating and 
maintaining such ferries, not to ex- 
ceed 2 cents each way. Los Angeles 
should, at the earliest possible date, 
carry out this and the other promises 
made to Ban Pedro and Wilmington 
prior to the consolidation election. 
Repair Shop 

The 'Los Ancreles aqueduct depart- 
ment has found that it is much 
cheaper to have an automobile repair 
shoo of its own than to send its ma- 
chines to private parties for repairs. 
T believe it would be in the interest 
of economy for the city to establish a 
renair shop for the various city auto- 
mobiles and motorcycles. 




I.; 






ii f..rJ| .jJl' ^s 



I 4 ) > Sd\ ' * ] < * J' | : 

Atenttoay 



&V PIANOLA- PIANOS 

fN g/fHNDS AND UPRIGHTS 



PIANOS 



The World's Best Pianos Are Carried 
by This House jg83 ^aju 

The splendid Uprights, the magnificent Grands by Hie 

world's great piano builders. 

Ami the celebrated PIANOLA PIANOS that have caused 

the greatest musicians and musical people everywhere to 
admit its tremendous advantages to every home. 

Weber and Steinway Pianola Pianos 

are the highest type of the player piano. 

Bl >T1I great factories have had to admit the unquestioned 
standing of the Pianola as the greatest player of the 
world and both pianos are now equi pped with it. 

You are urged to personally inspect these pianos — terms 
arranged on any instrument. 

THE HOUSE OF MUSICAL QUALITY 

SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA MUSIC CO. 

332-334 So. Broadway, Los Angeles, Cal. 



PIANOLA-PIANOS 

/HGRHNDS HND UPRIGHTS 



|rfu^N|Vj 




License Ordinance 

Our present license ordinance is a 
very unsatisfactory one and one which 
is a hardship upon some of our 
poorer citizens. A committee should 
'be appointed to take up the matter 
of a new license ordinance. 

By the present license ordinance it 
is made the duty of the police officers 
to inspect the licenses of the various 
businesses along their respective beats 
that have to pay a license. This 
seems to be the easiest and most 
satisfactory way of inspecting such 
licenses. This ordinance also pro- 
vides for a number of license inspec- 
tors attached to the tax collector's 
office. I respectfully recommend that 
the positions of license inspectors at- 
tached to the tax collector's office be 
abolished, and that the money there- 
by saved be transferred to the police 
department fund for the purpose of 
employing additional patrolmen, of 
which the city is badly in need. 
Social Clubs 

Social clubs should be compelled to 
pay a liquor license. This would give 
the police commission an opportun- 
ity, before a permit was granted, to 
determine whether the applicant was 
a 'bona fide social club, thus provid- 
ing an effective and simple method of 
ridding the city of the many places in- 
tended solely for the sale of liquor, 
which are operating under so-called 
social club charters. 

I am informed by the prosecuting 
attorney of the city that there are cer- 
tain provisions of the present ordi- 
nances which practically prevent se- 
curing a conviction for violation of 
the restaurant liquor ordinances. I 
believe it would be well for your hon- 
orable body to consider the question 
of a reconstruction of the liquor ordi- 
nances and regulations. 

Respectfully submitted. 
GEO. ALEXANDER. Mayor. 
+ * * 
CITY CLUB TO HEAR OF 
AVIATION 
At the regular weekly luncheon to 
be held at Levy's Restaurant today 
(Saturday), at 12:15 p. m.. H. Lav. 
Twining, president of the Aero Club 
of California, will address the club on 
"The Civic 'Benefits of Aviation for 
Los Angeles." 



TELLS HERALD READERS OF 
FEARLESS JOURNAL 



SAWTE'LLE, Dec. 25.— Editor Her- 
ald: Knowing the leading and po- 
tential part you have taken in revo- 
lutionizing the moral and political 
status of Los Angeles, making it one 
of the most progressive cities in the 
state or nation, I ask of you a little 
space in your columns to tell your 
readers of another journal that is also 
entitled to their confidence and pa- 
tronage because, like The Herald, it 
has helped clean out the Augean sta- 
bles by the recall of an unworthy 
mayor and the election to office of 
men of honor, experience and execu- 
tive ability. I have reference to the 
Pacific Outlook, a journal published 
in your city, wdiich is steadily growing 
in public favor, both because of the 
ability of its editorial-control and the 
living themes in which it deals. 

There come to my study four 
monthly journals, three daily and 
twelve weekly papers, and I feel war- 
ranted in saying that the Outlook, 
judged 'by its moral tone and edi- 
torial ability, will not suffer by com- 
parison with the best of the other 
journals. 

I am sure all the renders of the Pa- 
cific Outlook will agree with me when 
I say its influence is definitely and 
potentially conducive to promoting 
civic betterment and advancing Chris- 
tian civilization. 

Stephen H. Taft. 
L A. Herald, Dec. 31, 1909. 
* + * 
On a Stormy Passage 

Highland Ferryman (during a mo- 
mentary lull in the storm) — "I'm 
thenkin'. Sir. I'll just tack yer fare; 
there's no sayin' what micht happen 
tae us." — Punch. 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



What Oti* Home People Think 

Abotit the Pacific Outlook 



At the 'beginning of the year many 
hundred of the Outlook's subscribers 
have renewed for the ensuing 12 
months, and many have written com- 
ments on the subscription iblank. We 
reproduce some of these which may 
be of interest to our readers. Reply- 
ing to the question " do you like this 
paper?" a number commented as fol- 
lows: 

Yes; immensely. It hits the nail 
on the head in every line. I wish we 
had a Pacific Outlook in every county 
in the State. 

— General G. H. Burton. 

Yes; most decidedly. It gives the 
straight, cold facts every time. 

— F. S. Barnard. 

To use the parlance of the day, 

"You bet I do." 

— B. N. -Coffman. 

O. K. on the job. 

— A. B. Cass. 

I regard it very highly. 

E. iW. Brooks- 
Best of its kind in this or any 
other country. 

—Fred L. Alles. 

Yes; very much. 

— Russ Avery. 

Most emphatically yes. 

— John J. Bodkin. 

You bet. 

— L. L. Bowen. 

It is the most nearly correct in its 
statements of coast conditions of any 
publication I have seen. 

— E. C. Boynton. 

Yes; as long as you keep after the 
"Jabber-wocks" and the "Bander- 
snatch." 

— Chas. E. Welch. 

The paper stands loyally for clean 
things. 

—Rev. W. S. Young, D. D. 

It fills a long-felt want. More 
power to your elbow. 

— iChas. L. Lewis. 

I enjoy the paper very much. 

— Lloyd IW. Moultree. 

It is O. K. and is educating the pub> 
lie to action. 

—V. C. Allen, San Pedro. 

It's all right, you bet. 

—Chas. A. Elder. 

It is courageous, accurate, patriotic, 
just and forceful. It has a backbone. 
— Melville Dozier. 

You have done much for the suc- 
cess of the election campaign. I 
heartily endorse the paper. 

— N. S. Averill 

I read its pages with great interest 
and wish every taxpayer would read 
it and learn what is doing in city and 
county. 

— O. T. Johnson. 

Like it and endorse it thoroughly. 
— W. C. N. Noble. 

Very much indeed. 

— Wesley Clark. 

You ibet! 

— John W. Kemp. 

Yes; keeps me posted on the in- 
wardness of city affairs, etc. 

— R. de G. Treen. 

Would not be without it for several 
times the price. 

— Geo. P. Thresher. 

The cleverest publication on the 



Coast. Long may it live and thrive. 
G. C. De Garmo. 
You bet; it is the right stuff. 

—Chas. H. Toll. 
I like its interest in city affairs and 
its backbone. 

—Mary A. Veeder. 
I not only like the paper but say 
it is the cleverest written paper in 

the city. 

— Rusk Harris. 

Best of its kind. 

— Frank Simpson. 

I like it very much. 

— Dr. John R. Haynes. 

You bet! 

C. F. McNutt. 

Yes! Yes! Yes 

— Wm. F. Bryant. 

All good citizens should have it. 
J. J. Everharty. 

It's editorials are interesting, time- 
ly, forcible and wise. 

— James R. Townsend. 

It is a "Star in the East." 

— Frederick Baker. 

Keep on with the good work. Suc- 
cess to you. 

— Dr. Eugene Campbell. 

Consider it necessary as "red blood" 
for the local press. 

— F. A. Pattee. 

Very much pleased with the Pacific 
Outlook. 

W. E. B. Partridge. 

Success to the Pacific Outlook. It 
is O. K. 

— Dr. E. M. Harwood. 



Very much. 
Most assuredly. 



-Phineas Newmark. 



pers 



Best of any I receive. : 

— Marshall Stimson. 

Valuable reports on city affairs not 
found elsewhere. 

— Mrs. W. J. Washburn. 

'Couldn't do without it. 

— Adam Morgan. 

I think it should be in the hands 
of every citizen, 

— G. L. Housh. 

Pacific Outlook should go into the 
home of every voter in Los Angeles. 
— Geo. J. Birkel. 

Please find draft for $1.00 for sub- 
scription in the name of O. W. Hoke, 
San Dimas, Cal. Mr. Hoke saw some 
copies of the Outlook and became in- 
terested and requested me to send 
along his subscription. _ He thinks 
your editorials are too interesting to 
miss. Wishing the Outlook a pros- 
perous and vigorous new year and 
power to the editor's elbow. 
Very truly yours, 

W. A. Johnstone, 
President Bank of San Dimas. 

The paper is doing a great good in 
giving the people the real truth. 

M. L. Carter. 

You're right we like it. 

E. L. Mills. 

Several score of people merely state 
that they "like the paper," some of 
them with exclamation points. Among 
these are: 

H. M. Patterson, Dr. Julius Koe- 
ibig, A. T. Wayde, Mayor George 
Alexander, Horace G. Hamilton, N. 

D. Darlington, E. P. Vernon, O. E. 
Farish, Jud Saeger, 'F. N. Pauly, W. 

E. Hughes, Dr. Elmer A. Clarke, 
Ralph Arnold, Geo. J. Birkel, E. C. 
Bellows, John A. Billiard, Dr. J. Les- 
ter Adams, F. A. Bowles, H. D. Bar- 



— Daniel Riordan. 
The whole country needs such pa- 

C. E. Gilhousen. 

I am very much pleased with it; its 
sanity, its strength. 

— Lee C. Gates. 

'Tis brave, and is on the "Goo Goo" 
road. I'm a G. G. ! 

— C. N. Earle. 

Wouldn't be without it if you 
doubled the subscription, and then 
some. 

— J. O. Marsh. 

I wouldn't like to miss a single 
issue. 

—Robert Mitchell. 

Best thing in town. 

— Ross M. Russell. 

Yes, very much; keep up the good 
work. 

F. W. Getchel. 

You bet! it's a peach. 

'— T. S. Roberts. 

Yes, very much; I like the plain 
manner of handling public affairs. 

—Dr. F. W. Steddom. 
Very able, honest and fearless; 
cheers me up every week to read ar- 
ticles showing a grasp of the rights of 
ALL the people, and a motive other 
than resides in the pocketbook. 

— C. H. Langmuir. 

It's bully! 

— Harrington Brown. 

Contains some of the best things in 
print. 

— Frank Heron. 

Trust its value and influence will 
never grow less. 

S. J. Smith. 



Christian Science Services 

Second Church of Christ Sci- 
entist— Ebell Hall, 18th and Fi- 
gueroa streets. 

Third Church of Christ Sci- 
entist — Simpson Auditorium, 734 
S. Hope Street. Services Sun- 
day 11 a. m. and 8 p. m. Ser- 
mon from the Christian Science 
Quarterly. Subject: 

"SACRAMENT" 

Children's Sunday School 
9:30 a. m. Wednesday evening 
meetings at 8 o'clock. Reading 
Rooms, 704 Herman W. 
Hellman Bldg., Spring and 
Fourth streets, open daily; Sun- 
days excepted, from 9 a. m. to 
9 p. m. 



$3 



CASH Puts a 
Piano in Your 
Home : : : 



During our Great Remodeling and 
Removal Clearance Sale, Prices 
Radically Reduced. Every Piano 
must find a home at once. We'll 
arrange terms to suit. $3 CASH 
secures the Piano you prefer. 
Look Into This QUICK! 

Lucore Piano Co. 



7th and Hope 



Opp. P. 0. Block 



Real Estate Mortgages 




I HE safest form of investment is a real estate mort- 
gage on improved business or residence property 
in cities, provided it be selected with care and judg- 
ment. Such loans pay interest at the rate of six, seven 
or eight per cent, varying somewhat according to the 
amount loaned. 

I make a specialty of securing such loans for my clients. 
My experience in building and knowledge of real estate 
values assure reliable appraisements and safe investments. 
I attend to drawing all papers, securing certificates of 
title, insurance policies and the collection of interest with- 
out expense to the investor, the borrower paying all 
charges. 

I will accept the care of large or small amounts and 
promptly invest the same in safe mortgages, forwarding 
to you the papers as soon as they are complete. Money 
can be sent to me by mail with instructions as to the term 
of the loan, or brought to me in person at my office, in 
which event it would be advisable to arrange an appoint- 
ment by mail or telephone. 

MARSHALL STIMSON 

801-2 Wright & Callender Building 
Fourth and Hill Sts. 

Main 4441— F 7327 Los Angeles, Cal. 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



\rnott, H. M K 
:•!, John 

rj W 

bbon, \ 

.1 E. Martin, 

Jr, Richmond Plant, Geo 11. Stewart, 

W. .1 . 

\. Winans, \V. O. 

le, Felix Viole, (» B. Carter. 

R. D y. II 

reth, Henry M N«w- 
mark, J. W. Eddy, E. 11. Greppin, Or. 
Fraw larence M 

nan, J. G McKinncy, 
Elbrr ws, .1. \V. 

Johnson, George F. Ferri-, Walter R. 
ruh, W. II. Cole, A. J. 
Sherman. C. C. Patterson, Charles 
Wellborn. II. \V. O'Melvcny, D. E. 
j'.ct. K. W. Poinclcxter. Michael 
Creamer, Dr. T. L. Shaffner, Robt. 
L. Couts. I. W. Gardner, Chas. H. 
Randall, Oscar Jacobson (San Pedro), 
\V L. Stewart, Dr. George Morton, 
Jno. R. Lemon, J. Viole, James C. 
Kays, R. A. Hill, Parley M, Jo]; 
Geo. S. Kling. W. D. Fallo'on, A. E. 
Judd. F. M. Coulter, Robt. McGarvin, 
J. E. Morce. S. IV Wilcom, Edward 
Germain. Win G. Bradshaw, Richard 
G. Beebe. Dr. Samuel P. McKinney, 
Nathan W. Blanchard, I I-:. Bowen, 
A. W. Chase, Percy II. Clark. 
* + + 



Report of Chief Inspec- 
tor of Buildings for 
The Year 1909 



During the calendar year 1909, just 
closed, 8571 building permits haye 
bi en issued, with an estimated valua- 
tion of $13,260,703. Also 19.638 per- 
mits for the installation of sanitary 
plumbing, sewers and cesspools, and 
permits for installing of gas piping 
to the number of 9,600. 

In addition to this 92 permits have 
been issued for the erection and con- 
struction of fire escapes, 23 permits 
for the maintenance of moving pic- 
ture exhibitions, 12 permits for the 
erection of roof signs, and 3 house 
court permits. 

The volume of business, and the 
phenomenal growth of the city, is bet- 
ter illustrated by the following fig- 
ures: During this same period the 
frontage for new ibuildings amounted 
to 139,136 feet, or 26.35 miles; front- 
age <for new sheds and barns 13,617 
feet, or 2.58 miles; frontage for addi- 
tions of 19.573 feet, or 3.71 miles, 
making total for all classes of new 
buildings and additions 172,326 feet, 
or 32.64 miles. 

J. J. BACKUS, 
Chief Inspector of Buildings 

Per Mark C. Colin, Chief Clerk. 

Following is a detailed report of 
the total number and valuation of the 
various classes of buildings: 

No. Valua- 
Permits. tion. 
Class A, Steel Frame 
Structures — 

One Story 4 $ 35.150 

Three Story 1 27,548 

Seven Story 1 103,000 

Class A, Reinforced 



Concrete — 

37,01 m 

4 81,000 

Thr 4 1! 

J 17,000 

1 37,000 

1 250,000 

Build- 
ings 

130,000 
ick Build- 
ings 

One Story 150 673,644 

■ Story 50 550,515 

Three Story 24 4. 

Four Story 9 343,000 

Five Story 3 175. mm 

Six Story 2 152.000 

Class D, Frame Build- 

Story 3,525 4.325,853 

One and One-half 

Story 372 MS.202 

Two Story 562 2,52! 

Three Story 12 243.140 

Churches 13 65,733 

Public Buildings 

(Municipal) 30 207,310 

Stables and Sheds . . . 785 99,967 

Brick Alterations ... 487 577,194 

Frame Alterations ..2,453 688,642 

Foundations 20 32,119 

Demolitions 49 4,374 

Addition of 4 stories. 

Class A, Reinforced 

Concrete 1 163,000 

Total 8,571 $13,260,703 

♦ ♦ ♦ 

POSTAL RATES 



A recommendation that shows lack 
of full study advises the increase of 
postal rates on newsapers, magazines, 
and periodicals. For a long time 
second-class matter has been carried 
at 1 cent a pound. If this is less 
than it costs the government to trans- 
port and distribute the newspapers 
and periodicals, it does not necessarily 
follow that the rate ought to be raised. 
Within the memory of middle-aged 
persons postage on newspapers and 
periodicals was paid by the subscrib- 
ers at their local post offices. The 
change of law requiring advance pay- 
ment at pound rates by the publishers 
shifted the burden from the subscrib- 
ers and was a convenient reform. It 
is true that printed matter constitutes 
the large part of the mail carried by 
the government. But the periodicals 
do more to nationalize literature and 
public opinion than any other one 
thing. Furthermore, very much of 
the profitable business of the Post 
Office Department grows directly out 
of the publicity created by newspapers 
and magazines. Even the direct trans- 
actions with the post office of a 
publisher are profitable to the gov- 
ernment, inasmuch as the purchases of 
postage stamps for the carrying on 
of correspondence with subscribers, 
and the other postal business of such 
an establishment, give the government 
far more profit than its handling of 
the magazines at the rate of 1 cent 
a pound can cause it loss — Review of 
Reviews for January. 

ANNOUNCEMENT 



We are pleased to announce that 
Mr. Max Numan has taken charge of 
our ladies' tailoring department. His 
past reputation for high class work 
assures our patrons entire satisfac- 
tion. 

In our dress goods department will 
always be found extensive assort- 
ments of fine fabrics, especially sel- 
ected for high class tailored suits. 
Ville de Paris. 317-325 South Broad- 
way, 312-322 South Hill Street. 
* * + 
A Much-Married Lady 

"I want a license to marry the best 
girl in the world," said the young 
man. 

"Sure," commented the clerk, "that 
makes thirteen hundred licenses for 
that girl this season." — Puck. 



OFF 

ON ALL SUITS AND OVER- 



f A A T^ NOTHING 
V«»V-r/\ IO™] 



* 



'RESERVED 



$30.00 Suits and Overcoats, Now $20.00 

$25.00 Suits and Overcoats, Now 16.65 

$22.50 Suits and Overcoats, Now 15.00 

$20.00 Suits and Overcoats, Now 13.35 

$18.00 Suits and Overcoats, Now 12.00 

$15.00 Suits and Overcoats, Now 10.00 

Now is the chance to save one-third on your Suit and 
Overcoat. 

Do not delay, or the Suit you want may be gone. 

We alter free of charge and keep the suit or overcoat 
pressed and repaired for one year. 

On sale, 50 dozen choice neckwear, regular 75c and $1.00 

50c. 



W. HUNTER & CO 



525 SOUTH SPRING 




"All work and 

, no play makes 

Jack a dull boy" 

See if you can't trade us your 
Piano and get yourself an 
Auto-Piano, which all the 
family can play on sight. 



BARTLE1T MUSIC CO. 



The BEST Piano Player in the World 

Plays 88 Notes 

Every Key on th 

Piano. 

1 5,000 Rolls of 
Music Furnished Free 

Write for Catalogue 

Bartlett 
Music Co. 

231 S. Broadway 




10 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



Famous SKort Stories 



THE OUTCASTS OF 

POKER FLAT 



By Bret Harte 

As Mr. John OaMiurst, gambler, 
stepped into the main street of Poker 
Flat, on the (morning of the 23rd of 
November, 1850, he was conscious of 
a change in its moral atmosphere 
since the preceding night. Two or 
three 'men, .conversing earnestly, to- 
gether, ceased as he approached, and 
exchanged significant glances. There 
was a Sabbath lull in the air, whicii, 
in a settlement unused to Sabbath in- 
fluences, looked ominous. 

Mr. Oakhurst's calm, handsome face 
betrayed small concern in these in- 
dications. Whether he was conscious 
of any .predisposing cause, was an- 
other question. "I reckon they're af- 
ter somebody," he reflected; "likely 
it's me." He returned to his pocket 
the hankerchief with Which he had 
been whipping away the red dust of 
Poker Flat from his neat boots, and 
quietly discharged his mind of any 
further conjecture. 

In point of fact, Poker Flat was 
"after somebody." It had lately suf- 
fered the loss of several thousand dol- 
lars, two valuable horses, and a prom- 
inent citizen. It was experiencing a 
spasm of virtuous reaction, quite as 
lawless and ungovernable as any of 
the acts that had provoked it. A sec- 
ret committee had determined to rid 
the town of all improper persons. 
This was done permanently in regard 
of 'two men who were then hanging 
from the boughs of a sycamore in the 
gulch, and temporarily in the banish- 
ment of certain other objectionable 
characters. I regret to say that some 
of these were ladies. It is but due 
to the sex, however, to state that 
their impropriety was professional, 
and it was only in such easily estab- 
lished standards of evil that Poker 
Flat ventured to sit in judgment. 

Mr. Oakhurst was right in suppos- 
ing that he was included in this cate- 
gory. A few of the committee had 
urged hanging him as a possible ex- 
ample, and a sure method of reim- 
bursing themselves from his pockets 
of the sums he had won from them. 
"It's agin justice," said Jim Wheeler, 
"to let this yer young man from 
Roaring Camp — an entire stranger — 
carry away our money." But a crude 
sentiment of equity, residing in the 
breasts of those who had been for- 
tunate enough to win from Mr. Oak- 
hurst, overruled this narrower local 
prejudice. 

(Mr, Oakhurst received his sentence 
with philosophic calmness, none the 
less coolly that he was aware of the 
hesitation o'f his judges. He was too 
much of a gambler not to accept 
Fate. 

With him life was at best an un- 
certain game, and he recognized the 
usual percentage in favor of the 
dealer. A body nf armed men accom- 
panied the deported wickedness of 
Poker Flat to the outskirts of the 
settlement. Besides Mr. Oakhurst, 
who was known to be a coolly des- 
perate man, and for whose intimida- 
tion the armed escort was intended, 
the expatriated party consisted of a 
young woman (familiarly known as 
"The Duchess"; another, who had 
won the title of "Mother Shipton"; 
and "Uncle Billy," a suspected sluice- 
rotbber and -confirmed drunkard. The 
cavalcade provoked no comments 
from the spectators, nor was any 
word uttered by the escort. Only, 
when the gulch which marked the ut- 
termost limit of Poker Flat was 
reached, the leader spoke briefly and 
to the point. The exiles were for- 
bidden to return, at the peril of their 



lives. As the escort disappeared, it'heir 
pent-up feelings found vent in a few 
hysterical tears from the Duchess, 
some bad language from Mother Ship- 
ton, and a Parthian volley of exple- 
tives from Uncle Billy. The philoso- 
phic Oakhurst alone remained silent. 
He listened calmly to Mother Ship- 
ton's desire to cut somebody's heart 
out, to the repeated statements of 
the Duchess that she would die in 
the road, and to the alarming oaths 
that seemed to be bumped out of 
Uncle Billy as he rode forward.. With 
the easy good-humor characteristic of 
his class, he insisted upon exchanging 
his own riding-horse, "Five-Spot," for 
the sorry mule which the Duchess 
rode. But even this act did not draw 
the party into any closer sympathy. 
The young woman readjusted her 
somewhat draggled plumes with a 
feeble, faded coquetry; (Mother JShin- 
ton eyed the possessor of "Five Spot" 
with malevolence; and Uncle Billy in- 
cluded the whole party in one sweep- 
ing anathema. 

The road to Sandy Bar — a camp 
that, not having as yet experienced 
fhe regenerating influences of Poker 
Flat, consequently seemed to offer 
some invitation to the emigrants — lay 
over a steep mountain range. It was 
distant a day's severe (travel. In that 
advanced season, the party soon 
passed out of the moist, temperate 
regions of the foothills, into the dry, 
cold, bracing air of the Sierras. The 
trail was narrow and difficult. At 
noon the Duchess, rolling out of her 
saddle upon the ground, declared her 
indention of going no farther, and the 
party halted. 

The spot was singularly wild and 
impressive. A wooded amphitheatre, 
surrounded on three sides by precipi- 
tous cliffs of naked granite, sloped 
gently toward the crest of another 
precipice that overlooked the valley. 
It was, undoubtedly, the most suit- 
able spot for a camlpi had camping 
been advisable. But Mr. Oakhurst 
knew that scarcely half the journey 
to Sandy Bar was accomplished, and 
the^ party were not equipped or pro- 
visioned for delay. This fact he point- 
ed out to his companions curtly, with 
a philosophic commentary on the fol- 
ly of "throwing up their hands before 
the game was played out." But they 
were furnished with liquor, which in 
this emergency stood them in place 
of food, fuel, rest, and prescience. In 
spite of his remonstrances, it was not 
long before they were more or less 
under its influence. Uncle Billy passed 
rapidly from a bellicose state into one 
of stupor, the Duchess became maud- 
lin, and Mother Shipton snored. Mr. 
Oakhurst alone remained erect, lean- 
ing against a rock, calmly surveying 
them. 

iMr. Oakhurst did not drink. It in- 
terfered with a profession which re- 
quired coolness, impassiveness, and 
presence of mind, and, in his own lan- 
guage, he "couldn't afford it." As he 
gazed at his recumbent fellow-exiles, 
the loneliness begotten of his pariah- 
trade, his habits of life, his very vices, 
for itihe 'first time seriously oppressed 
him. He bestirred himself in dusting 
his black clothes, washing his hands 
and face, and other acts characteristic 
of his studiously neat habits, and for 
a moment forgot his annoyance. The 
thought of deserting his weaker and 
more pitiable companions never per- 
haps occurred to him. Yet he could 
not help feeling the want of that ex- 
citement which, singularly enough, 
was most conducive to that calm 
equanimity for which he was notori- 
ous. He looked at the gloomy walls 
that rose a thousand feet sheer above 
the circling pines around him; at the 
sky, ominously clouded; at the valley 



below, already deepening into shadow. 
And, doing so, suddenly he heard his 
own name called. 

A horseman slowly ascended the 
trail. In the fresh, open face of the 
new-comer (Mr. Oakhurst recognized 
Tom Simson, otherwise known as 
"The Innocent" of Sandy Bar. He 
had met him some months before 
over a "little game," and had, with 
perfect equanimity, won the entire 
fortune — amounting ito some forty 
dollars — of that guileless youth. After 
the game was finished, Mr. Oakhurst 
drew the youthful speculator behind 
fhe door and thus addressed him: 
"Tommy, you're a good little man, 
but you can't gamble worth a cent. 
IDon't try it over again." He then 
handed him his money back, pushed 
him gently from the room, and so 
made a devoted slave of Tom Sim- 
son. 

There was a remembrance of this 
in his boyish and enthusiastic greet- 
ing of Mr. Oakhurst. He had started, 
he said, to- go to Poker Flat to seek 
his fortune. "Alone?" No, not exact- 
ly alone; in fact (a giggle), he had 
run away with Piney Woods. Didn't 
Mr. Oakhurst- remember Piney? She 
that used to wait on the table at the 
Temperance House? They (had been 
engaged a long time, tout old Jake 
Woods had objected, and so they had 
run away, and were going to Poker 
Flat to be married, and here they 
were. And they (were tired out, and 
how lucky it was they had found a 
place to 'camp and company. AH this 
the Innocent delivered rapidly, while 
Piney, a stout, comely damsel of fif- 
teen, emerged from behind the pine- 
tree, where she had been blushing un- 
seen, and rode to the side of her 
lover. 

Mr. Oakhurst seldom troubled him- 
self about sentiment, still less with 
propriety; but he had a vague idea 
that the situation was not fortunate. 
He retained, however, liis presence of 
mind sufficiently to kick Uncle Billy, 
who was about to say something, and 
Uncle Billy was sober enough to rec- 
ognize in Mr. Oakhurst's kick a su- 
perior power that would not bear 
trifling. He then endeavored to dis- 
suade Tom Simson from delaying 
further, but in vain. He even point- 
ed out the fact that there was no pro- 
vision, nor means for making a camp. 
But, unluckily, the Innocent met this 
objection toy assuring the party that 
he was provided with an extra mule 
loaded with provisions, and by the 
discovery of a rude attempt at a log- 
house near the trail. "Piney can stay 



with Mrs. Oakhurst," said the Inno- 
cent, pointing to the Duchess, "and 
I can shift for myself. 

Nothing but Mr. Oakhurst's admon- 
ishing foot saved Uncle Billy from 
bursting into a roar of laughter. As 
it was, he felt compelled to retire up 
the canyon until he could recover his 
gravity. There he confided the joke 
to the tall pine-trees, with many slaps 
of his leg, contortions of his face, and 
the usual profanity. But when he re- 
turned to the party, he found them 
seated by a fire — for the air had 
grown strangely ichill, and the sky 
overcast — in apparently amicable con- 
versation. Piney was actually talking 
in an impulsive, girlish fashion to the 
Duchess, who was listening with an 
interest and animation she had not 
shown for many days. The Innocent 
was holding forth, apparently with 
equal effect, to Mr. Oakhurst and 
Mother Shipton, who was actually re- 
laxing into amiability. 

"Is this yer a d — d picnic?" said 




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PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



11 



icorn, as he 

-roup, the glanc- 
ed animals 
nly an idea 
th the alcohol fumes 
rl-cd his brain. It was apparent- 
ular nature, for he felt im- 

{i, and cram 
uth. 

[y tip 
tin, a slight ore 

gh their long at 
The ruined cabin, patched and . 

t apart for 
the ladies \- th< lovers parted, they 
unafiV , hon- 

•id sincere that it might have 
heard above t li . pines. 

I the malevolent 
Mother Shipton were probably too 
ned to remark upon this last evi- 
dence of simplicity and so turned 
without a word to the hut The fire 
i>hcd, the men lay down 
door, and in a few minutes 
were 

Mr. Oakhurst was a light sleeper, 
g he awoke benumbed 
and cold. As lie stirred the dying 
fire, the wind, which was now blow- 
strongly, brought to his cheek 
that which caused the blood to leave 
it. — snow! 

He started to his feet with the in- 
tention of awakening the sleepers, for 
there was no time to lose. But turn- 
ing to where Uncle Billy had been 
lying, he found him gone. A sus- 
picion leaped to his brain, and a curse 
to his lips. He ran to the spot where 
the mules had been tethered; they 
were no longer there. The tracks 
were already rapidly disappearing in 
the snow. 

The momentary excitement brought 
Mr. Oakhurst back to the fire with his 
usual calm. He did not waken the 
sleepers. The Innocent slumbered 
ipeacefully, with a smile on his good- 
humored, freckled face; the virgin 
Piney slept beside her frailer sisters 
as sweetly as though attended by 
celestial guardians; and Mr. Oakhurst, 
drawing his blanket over his shoul- 
der?, stroked his mustaches and 
waited for the dawn. It came slow- 
ly in a whirling mist of snow-flakes, 
that dazzled and confused the eye. 
What could be seen of the landscape 
appeared magically changed. He 
looked over the valley, and summed 
up the present and future in two 
words, — -"'Snowed in!" 

A careful inventory of the provis- 
ions, which, fortunately for the party 
had been stored within the hut, and 
so escaped the felonious fingers of 
Uncle iBilly, disclosed the fact that 
with care and prudence they might . 
last ten days longer. "That is," said 
Mr. Oakhurst, sotto voce to the Inno- 
cent, "if you're willing to board us. 
If you ain't — and perhaps you'd bet- 
ter not — we can wait till Uncle Billy 
gets back with provisions." For some 
occult reason, iMr. Oakhurst could 
not bring himself to disclose Uncle 
Billy's rascality, and so ofifered the 
hypothesis that he had wandered from 
the camp and had accidentally stam- 
peded the animals. He dropped a 
warning to the Duchess and Mother 
Shipton, who of course knew the facts 
of their associates' defection. "They'll 
find out the truth about us all when 
they find out anything," he added, 
significantly, "and there's no good 
frightening them now." 

Tom Simson not only put all his 
worldly store at the disposal of Mr. 
Oakhurst, but seemed to enjoy the 
prospect of their enforced seclusion. 
"We'll have a good camp for a week, 
and then the snow'll melt, and we'll 
all go back together," 

The cheerful gayety of the young 
man, and Mr. Oakhurst's calm, in- 
fected the others. The Innocent, 
with the aid of pine boughs, ex- 
temporized a thatch for the roofless 
cabin, and the Duchess directed 
Piney in the rearrangement of the in- 
terior, with a taste and tact that 
opened the blue eyes of that provin- 



cial maiden to their fullest extent. 

"I reckon now you're used to fine 
thing 

The Duchess turned away sharply. 
to conceal something that reddened 
her check through its professional 
tint, and Mother Shipton requested 
Piney not to "chatter." Bui when 
Mr. Oakhurst returned from a weary 
h for the trail, he heard the 
sound of happy laughter echoed from 
the rocks, lie- ime alarm, 

and his thoughts first naturally re- 
verted to the whiskey, which he had 
prudently cached. "And yet it don't 
somehow sound like whiskey." said 
unbler. It was not until lie 
caught sight of the blazing fire 
through the still blinding storm, and 
-roup around it, that he settled 
to the conviction that it was "square 
tun." 

\\ liether Mr. Oakhurst had cached 
his cards with the whiskey, as some- 
thing debarred the free access of the 
community, I cannot say. It was cer- 
tain that, in Mother Shipton's words, 
he "didn't say cards once" during 
that evening. Haply the time was be- 
guiled by an accordion, produced 
somewhat ostentatiously by Tom 
Simson from his pack. Notwith- 
standing some difficulties attending 
the (manipulation of this instrument, 
Piney 'Woods managed to pluck sev- 
eral reluctant melodies from its keys, 
to an accompaniment by the Inno- 
cent on a pair of bone castinets. But 
the crowning festivity of the evening 
was reached in a rude camp-meeting 
hymn, which the lovers, joining hands, 
sang with .great earnestness and 
vociferation. I fear that a certain de- 
fiant tone and covenanter's swing to 
its chorus, rather than any devotional 
quality, caused it speedily to infect 
the others, who at last joined in the 
refrain: — 
"I'm proud to live in the service of 

the Lord, 
And I'm bound to die in his army." 

The pines rocked, the storm eddied 
and whirled above the miserable 
group, and the flames of their altar 
leaped heavenward, as if in token of 
the vow. 

At midnight the storm abated, the 
rolling clouds parted, and the stars 
glittered keenly above the sleeping 
camp. Mr. Oakhurst, whose profes- 
sional habits had enabled him to live 
on the smallest possible amount of 
sleep, in dividing the watch with Tom 
Simson, somehow managed to take 
upon himself the greater part of that 
duty. He excused himself to the In- 
nocent by saying that he had "often 
been a week without sleep." 

"Doing what?" asked Tom. 
"Poker!" replied Oakhurst, senten- 
tiously; "when a man gets a streak 
of luck, — nigger-luck, — he don't get 
tired. The luck gives in first. Luck," 
continued the gambler, reflectively, 
"is a mighty queer thing. All you 
know about it for certain is that it's 
bound to change. And it's finding 
out when it's going to change that 
makes you. We've had a streak of 
bad luck since we left Poker Flat; 
you come along, and slap you get into 
it too. If you can hold your cards 
right along, you're all right. For," 
added the gambler, with cheerful ir- 
relevance, — 
"I'm proud to live in the service of 

the Lord, 
And I'm bound to die in his army." 

The third day came, and the sun, 
looking through the white-curtained 
valley, saw the outcasts divide their 
slowly decreasing store of provisions 
for the morning meal. It was one of 
the peculiarities of that mountain cli- 
mate that its rays diffused a kindly 
warmth over the wintry landscape, as 
if in regretful commiseration of the 
past. 'But it revealed drift on drift of 
snow piled high around the hut, — a 
homeless, uncharted, trackless sea of 
white, lying below the rocky shores 
to which the castaways still clung. 
Through the marvellously clear air 
the smoke of the pastoral village of 
Poker Flats rose miles away. Mother 



Shipton saw it, and from a remote 

pinnacle of her rocky fastness hurled 
in that direction a final malediction. 

It was her las! vituperative at! 
and perhaps for that reason was in- 
vested with a certain degree of sub- 
limity. It did her good, she privately 
informed the Duchess. "Jusl you go 
out there and i see." She 

then set herself to the task of nmtis- 
i he child," as she and the 
Duchess were pleased to call Piney. 
v was no chicken, but it was a 
Ring and original theory of the 
pair thus to account for the fact that 
she didn't swear and wasn't improper. 

When night crept up again through 
the gorges, the reedy notes of the 
accordion rose and fell in fitful 
spasms and long-drawn gasps by the 
flickering camp-fire. But music failed 
to fill entirely the aching void left by 
insufficient food, and a new diversion 
was proposed by Piney, — story-telling. 
Neither Mr. Oakhurst nor his female 
companions caring to relate their per- 
sonal experiences, this plan would 
have failed too, but for the Innocent. 
Some months before he had chanced 
upon a stray copy of Mr. Pope's in- 
genious translation of the Iliad. He 
now proposed to narrate the prin- 
cipal incidents of that poem — having 
thoroughly mastered the argument 
and fairly forgotten the words — in the 
current vernacular of Sandy Bar. 
And so for the rest of that night the 
Homeric demigods again walked the 
earth. Trojan bully and wily Greek 
wrestled in the winds, and the great 
pines in the canon seemed to bow to 
the wrath of the son of Peleus. Mr. 
Oakhurst listened with quiet satisfac- 
tion. Most especially was he inter- 
ested in the fate of "Ash-heels," as 
the Innocent persisted in denominat- 
ing the "swift-footed Achilles." 

So with small food and much of 
Homer and the accordion, a week 
passed over the heads of the outcasts. 
The sun again forsook them, and 
again from leaden skies the snow- 
flakes were sifted over the land. Day 
by day closer around them drew the 
snowy circle, until at last they looked 
from their prison over drifted walls 
of dazzling white, that towered twenty 
feet above their heads. It became 
more and more difficult to replenish 
their fires, even from the fallen trees 
beside them, now half hidden in the 
drifts. And yet no one complained. 
The lovers turned from the dreary 
prospect and looked into each other's 
eyes, and were happy. Mr. Oakhurst 
settled himself coolly to the losing 
game before him. The Duchess, more 
cheerful than she had been, assumed 
the care of Piney. Only Mother Ship- 
ton — once the strongest of the party 
— seemed to sicken and fade. At 
midnight on the tenth day she called 
Oakhurst to her side. 

"I'm going," she said, in a voice of 
querulous weakness, "but don't say 
anything about it. Don't weaken the 
kids. Take the bundle from under 
my head, and open it." Mr. Oakhurst 
did so. It contained Mother Ship- 
ton's rations for the last week, un- 
touched. "Give 'em to the child," 
she said, pointing to the sleeping 
Piney. 

"You've starved yourself," said the 
gambler. 

"That's what they call it," said the 
woman, querulously, as she lay down 
again, and, turning her face to the 
wall, passed quietly away. 

The accordion and the bones were 
put aside that day, and Homer was 
forgotten. When the body of Mother 
Shipton had been committed to the 
snow, Mt. Oakhurst took the Inno- 
cent aside, and showed him a pair of 
snow-shoes, which he had fashioned 
from the old pack-saddle. 

"There's one chance in a hundred 
to save her yet," he said, pointing to 
Piney; "but it's there," he added, 
pointing to Poker Flat. "If you can 
reach there in two days, she's safe." 

"And you?" asked Tom Simson. 

"I'll stay here," was the curt reply. 

The lovers parted with a long em- 



brace. "You arc not going, too?" 
said the Duchess, as she saw Mr. 
Oakhurst apparently waiting to ac- 
company him. 

"As far as the canon," he ret 
turned suddenly, ami kissed the 
Duchess, leaving her pallid face 
aflame, and her trembling limbs 
with amazement. 

Night came, but not Mr. Oakhurst. 
It brought the storm again and the 
whirling snow. Then the Dui I 
Feeding the tire, found that s.unc one 
had quietly piled beside [he hut 
enough fuel to last a few days longer. 
The tears rose to her eyes, but she 
hid them from Piney. 

The woman slept but little. In the 
morning, looking into each other's 
faces, they read their fate. Neither 
spoke; but Piney, accepting the posi- 
tion of the stronger, drew near and 
placed her arm around the Duchess's 
waist. They kept this attitude for 
the rest of the day. That night the 
storm reached its greatest fury, and 
rending asunder the protecting pines, 
invaded the very hut. 

Toward morning they found them- 
selves unable to feed the fire, which 
gradually died away. As the embers 
slowly blackened, the Duchess crept 
closer to Piney, and broke the silence 
of many hours: "Piney, can you 
pray?" 

"No, dear," said Piney, simply. 
The Duchess, without knowing exact- 
ly why, felt relieved, and, putting her 
head upon Piney's shoulder, spoke 
no more. And so reclining, the 
younger and purer pillowing the head 
of her soiled sister upon her virgin 
breast, they fell asleep. 

The wind lulled as if it feared to 
waken them. Feathery drifts of snow, 
shaken from the long pine-boughs, 
flew like white-winged birds, and 
settled about them as they slept. The 
moon through the rifted clouds looked 
down upon what had been the camp. 
But all human stain, all trace of earth- 
ly travail, was hidden beneath the 
spotless mantle mercifully flung from 
above. 

They slept all day and the next; 
nor did they waken when voices and 
footsteps broke the silence of the 
camp. And when pitying fingers 
brushed the snow from their wan 
faces, you could scarcely have told 
from the equal peace that dwelt upon 
them, which was she that had sinned. 
Even the law of Poker Flat recog- 
nized this, and turned away, leaving 
them still locked in each other's arms. 

'But at the head of the gulch, on 
one of the largest pine-trees, they 
found the deuce of clubs pinned to 
the bark with a bowie-knife. It bore 
the following, written in pencil, in a 
firm hand: — 

Beneath This Tree 
Lies the Body 

of 
John Oakhurst, 
Who Struck a Streak of Bad Luck 
on the 23d of November, 1850, 
and^ 
Handed in His Checks 
On the 7th December, 1850. 
And pulseless and cold, with a ID'er- 
ringer by his side and a bullet in his 
heart, though still calm as in life, be- 
neath the snow lay he who was at 
once the strongest and yet the weak- 
est of the outcasts of Poker Flat. 

* * + 
BRITISH POLITICS 

TO BE DISCUSSED 



The Friday Morning Club has se- 
cured for its next regular meeting 
(■January 14th) Mr. Cyril H. Brether- 
ton. M. A. B. C. L. (Oxford) who 
will speak on "The Great Political 
Crisis in Great Britain." There will 
also be a birthday luncheon in honor 
of Madame Caroline Severance. 
+ + + 
A Mouthpiece 
Why is the baby crying? 

You must have scared or hit him. 
'"No, grandpa, I was trying 

If your false teeth would fit him." 
^Father Tabb. 



12 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 




wsw 



The strong hold which Kreisler has 
upon the iLos Angeles musical pub- 
lic was attested by the large crowd 
attending his two concerts, Thursday 
of last week and Tuesday of this 
week — an audience almost too enthu- 
siastic, as Mr. Kreisler had to appeal 
for .protection againsrthe crowds who 
surged into the green-room after 
Tuesday evening's performance. Such 
crowding is to 'be deplored when it 
reaches the point of an annoyance to 
a visiting artist. 

■With the exception of the Doorak 
"Canzonetta" and the final Wieniaw- 
ski "Polonaise," all of Thursday 
evening's offerings were from the old 
classics; Tuesday's program contain- 
ing more modern material. 

As Kreisler represents the very 
highest in solo violin playing, and es- 
pecially as he has appeared so many 
times in this city, any critical analysis 
of his performances would be but a 
repetition of an old story. His virile 
and intellectual, rather than impas- 
sioned, style, his perfect mastery of 
every shade of tone color, his mu- 
sicianly interpretations and infallible 
technic have been commented upon 
and applauded in every city where 
he has appeared. The Kreisler con- 
certs will be remembered as a special 
treat by those who brought a knowl- 
edge of music to the enjoyment of 
such a refined artist as Kreisler. Dur- 
ing his tours in Europe Mr. Kreisler 
has unearthed many little-known an- 
cient classics which he intends pub- 
lishing as a collection. 



S. I. M., Paris, prints a letter from 
D. F. Ingraham-Bryan relating to mu- 
sic in Japan. 

According to western nations Ja- 
pan is not considered by us as a mu- 
sical nation. Judged by the standard 
of our modern technique Japanese 
music is considerably below the level 
of ours. But if we abstract our mod- 
ern ideas and seek solely for an emo- 
tional outlet in music then Ja'pan can 
rank with the most musical nations 
in the world. 

In the same way as the Chinese 
connect their idea of the universal 
Cosmos with the number five, so do 
the Japanese limit their scale to five 
notes. Thus does oriental music dif- 
ferentiate itself from ours by the ab- 
sence of the fourth and seventh de- 
gree of the scale. The Japanese have 
chiefly developed the rhythmic side 
of their art; the number and quality 
of their instruments are still scanty 
and primitive. Japanese music is like 
Wagner's music less intellectual than 
sensual and emotional. The "Geisha" 
is regarded as the prototype of na- 
tional music and gesture is looked 
upon as a factor as important as 
sound. 

There are, however, certain theat- 
rical and religious representations in 
which music is merely suggested iby 
poses and attitudes. The marvelous 




appreciation of Japanese audiences for 
this silent music indicates a power of 
perception and an aesthetic develop- 
ment utterly foreign to our western 
minds. In many ways Japanese mu- 
sicians have stronger affinities with 
nature than we are capable of ex- 
periencing. Superfluous and everyday 
sounds which irritate our western 
ears by their monotony yield poetic 
suggestion and captivating harmonies 
to these easterns. Thus from time 
immemorial the Japanese have bor- 
rowed an immense repertory of har- 
monies and sonorities from nature. 
It is to ibe expected that some day 
a national .genius with a knowledge of 
western means of expression will 
utilize this mass of material collected 
by his eastern forefathers. It is said 
that the sound of some of the Japa- 
nese lutes resembles the hummings of 
a hive of bees while others have the 
soft fluted timbre of the blackbird or 
of the nightingale. In Japan music 
is essentially democratic. There are 
songs for laborers and songs for ar- 
tisans, songs for the town-criers, 
street porters, sailors, fishermen, boys 
and girls, young men and maids. In 
Jaipan life itself is a song. 

The institution that has done most 
for the advancement of music is the 
academy at Tokio. There all the wes- 
tern chefs-d'oeuvre are heard and 
studied. The professors number forty 
and are nearly all Germans. There 
are five hundred pupils and almost as 
many are refused admittance on ac- 
count of the restricted accommoda- 
tions. 



Madame Frieda Langendorff will 
give a recital at the Ebell Club next 
Monday. . 



One of the prominent singers of 
modern times is Mme. iSchumann- 
Reink. The daughter of an Austrian 
officer of high rank, she was educated 
at the convent of the Ursaline Nuns. 
As a child in school her wonderful 
musical talent wlas soon observed. 
From there she went to Graz where 
she had the advantages of pursuing 
her musical studies to better advan- 
tage. ' 

Her first opportunity came at the 
age of eighteen. An alto soloist was 
needed at the Royal Opera House 
in Dresden. Proceeding to the point 
Schuman-Heink surprised her most 
intimate friends by obtaining an en- 
gagement for three years with the 
management. Her first appearance 
was in the role of "Azucene" in "II 
Trovatore." 

Mme. Schumann-lHeink will give 
two concerts in this city, the evening " 
of Jan. 27th and the matinee of the 
29th in Simpson Auditorium. 




e*flt*£ 




"Through a Window 



Mrs. Andrews' new play, "Through 
a Window," affords a very pleasant 
evening's entertainment, polished by 
its second week of service at the Bel- 
asco. Its author is said to have al- 
ready begun the elmination of the 
obvious defects: slow action, un- 
necessary dialogue and inadequacj' of 
plot. A quick and effective remedy 
would be to shorten the play to three 
acts, and _ this, _ though it probably 
seemed inadvisable from the stand- 
point of historical accuracy, may be 
its ultimate fate in New York. Mrs. 
Andrews is master of natural and 
subtly clever dialogue, but dialogue, 



men in this city, playing to highly en- 
thusiastic audiences who participated 
in pathos and comedy with the keen 
sympathy and abandon of their race. 
The writer's inability to understand 
their tongue renders impossible full 
judgment upon their talents, but nat- 
uralness of gesture and action, and 
variety of inflection, make their per- 
formance, even untranslated, a de- 
light. Monday evening's offering, 
"The Golden Wedding," is a hearty, 
heartsome play of Hebrew home life. 
In the second of the four acts a gol- 
den wedding celebration is held, dur- 
ing which the wandering son of the 
aged couple returns and is greeted by 
all present with the unashamed, dem- 




Wright Lorimer in "The Shepherd King" Mason Opera House 



alas! will not make a play, and some of 
her most scintillant repartee impedes 
rather than unfolds the action. Un- 
stinted praise can be given the ethics 
and sincerity of the play and the draw- 
ing of the principal characters, though 
some of the minor personages are 
created for transparent purposes of 
comedy relief. Maggie Dugan, in par- 
ticular, is a jarring note in the poetic 
beauty of scene and depth of feeling 
in the last act, and should be merci- 
lessly murdered. 

Memorable among the many good 
characterizations are Miss Farring- 
ton's Lil Valera and Charles Ruggles' 
perfect picture of a Japanese servant. 



onstrative tenderness characteristic of 
Jewish families. David Levenson 
plays the son in a manly fashion. Miss 
Rosa Karp, who impersonates the in- 
nocent heroine who sacrifices her 
good name for the daughter of an un- 
cle who has befriended her since 
childhood, gives a charming perform- 
ance, graceful, artistic and versatile. 

Plaintive minor music was intro- 
duced which won and merited' loud 
applause, and the comedy element, 
which was paramount, awakened pos- 



Mascagni is at present at work on 
a new opera, "Sibylla," dealing with 
a romantic tale from the Abruzzi. 



The Yiddish Players 

The Yiddish Players at the Mason 
this week have proved a rare treat to 
their countrymen and near-country- 



Blanchard Hall Studio Building 

Devoted exclusively to Music, Art, Science 

Studios and Halls for all purposes [or rent. Largest 
Studio building in the West. For terms and all infor- 
mation apply to F. W. BLANCHARD. 
233 S Broadway - - 232 S. Hill St. 

Lot Angeles, California 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



13 



itive hilarity in the audience. One of 
the acting of a beau- 
iinging and 
vonc. 
Dorothy Russell Lewis 

"Forty-Five Minutes from Broadway" 

A day late on account of wash-outs 

"Forty-Five Minute- from 

Iway" to the Majestic theatre 

a eck. 

wijh presented by a not excep- 
tional company, the piece still r 
for the most part its quick Cohanish 
action, its spontaneous truly-funny 
Cohanish comedy an . tire- 

some and invariably tearsome 
speeches, which are also truly Cohan- 
Why Cohan, who knows what 
the people want and usually gives it 
to them, will bore an audience to the 
yawning stage with long, pathetic 
speeches just to show he can write 
them is incomprehensible. Mind you, 
these same speeches are always good 
but invariably very much out of place 
in a comedy of this sort, and what is 
more deplorable, a great deal of the 
excellent humor which always fol- 
lows is lost on an audience that is 
busy trying to think up an answer for 
the downpour of tears. 

"Forty-Five Minutes from Broad- 
way" is amusing, thoroughly so. The 
plot, which has to deal with the lost 
will of a close old millionaire resident 
of the small town of New Rochelle, 
moves swiftly through the piece with 
an occasional catchy song and a vol- 
ume of rather old, but still funny 
slang, to relieve the tension. 

The part of Mary, the house-maid 
and the real heiress is fetchingly done 
by Elizabeth Drew. Her voice, which 
is far from good, sounding nasal and 
scratchy in her two songs, is forgot- 
ten by her audience in their effort to 
absorb all the good points in her 
pretty, demure, effectively cute and 
altogether delightful self. Charley 
Brown, as Kid Burns is a fine charac- 
ter and past master in the art of 
spouting slang, is funny and would 
be much more so if he did not try 
so hard to please. He over-does and 
it becomes noticeable, but more than 
redeems himself by singing one song 
and many encores in a good unaf- 
fected voice. The remaining large 
playing cast are without exception far 
above the average. Sixteen girls and 
boys (to good to be called a chorus, 
the way the word is generally used) 
dress neatly, and help to make this 
delightful comedy with music more 
tuneful. 



"San Toy" 

Ferris Hartman aimed high when 
he opened his season here some 
months ago. His first presentation was 
a production in every sense of the 
word and this week's offering, "San 
Toy," is not below his regular stand- 
ard. 

The 'play was one of James Pow- 
ers' starring vehicles and has not be- 
fore been seen here at the popular 
and attractive prices which prevail at 
the Grand. 

This 'IDaintiest (English musical 
comedy ever written," as the program 
terms it, is the story of San Toy, 
a little Chinese girl, whose father, 
in order to save her from service in 
the Emperor's guard, composed of th* 
daughters of all the mandarins, makes 
known that San Toy is a boy. But 
she falls in love with Bobbie Pres- 
ton, the British consul's son, and soon 
the fact that San Toy is a girl 
reaches the ears of the emperor. He 
orders her to the palace, and her 
father cut into ten thousand pieces. 
She goes to the palace and on ac- 
count of her beauty wins such favor 
in the eyes of "His Royal Highness" 
that instead of killing her father, he 
makes him Viceroy, also bidding her 
wed the man of her choice. 

Hartman has made another of his 
"finds" in the person of Miss Myrtle 
Dingwall, who gives us a sweet 
voiced, beautifully formed, pretty, 



cute, vivacious and altogether fasci- 
^ little San Toy. The lying, 
a Chinese cook, 
tails to Hartman, whose clever make- 
up and excellent dialect, added to his 
own laughing personality, makes the 
of a poorly written parr. 
Walter DeLeon, as usual, sings 
commendably and i- deservingly well 
received. itlett dances in 

such a way as to evoke a feeling of 
surprised appreciation in his audience, 
::i turn surprise him by their 
lengthy and vigorous applause. Law- 
rence Howes uses, in enacting the 
emperor, a high pitched, nerve rack- 
ing voice, which is the only bad fea- 
ture, and that could he remedied, in 
an otherwise faultless, realisticly 
staged, tuneful and thoroughly enjoy- 
able "San Toy." 

C. W. Scheu. 



"Angel Town" at the Gamut Club 

"Angel Town," the original musi- 
cal comedy, to be presented by the 
Gamut Club, has stirred the interest 
of municipal officials and citizens in- 
terested in politics. The travesty 
which is based upon the Good Gov- 
ernment administration, also will 
touch up the City Club, Parent-Teach- 
er Association and various civic 
bodies, it is understood. 

The public, which crowds the Audi- 
torium annually to witness the annual 
performances of the Gamut Club, 
realizes that something startling will 
be doing when such an organization 
turns its attention to travesty and not 
a few of the city officials, new to 
politics, are pondering the subject of 
"Angel Town" deeply, with feelings 
akin to anxiety. 

It is understood that the Municipal 
Band Commission also will be repre- 
sented upon the stage. Therefore it 
appears that high art is to get some- 
thing of the character known as a 
Jim Jeffries' "haymaker." 

The champion suffragette of the 
world has kindly consented to appear 
in these performances accompanied 
'by her daring (band. She already is 
in town and is down to weight, tip- 
ping the scales at 316 pounds net. On 
her staff are dancers and a fine corps 
of athletes. 

'Municipal officials and occupants of 
the city hall will attend the first per- 
formance of "Angel Town," the even- 
ing of Jan. 19. Thursday evening, 
Jan. 20, the City Club will attend in a 
body. Charles Farwell Edson, presi- 
dent of the Gamut Club and the high- 
light of the (Municipal Band Commis- 
sion, made the arrangement for this 
occasion and the guests probably will 
be entertained in a somewhat novel 
manner by the thoughtful comedians 
on the stage. 

The Gamut Club orchestra will 
present a high class program of music 
as a prelude to the comedy. It also 
will accompany the soloists and 
choruses. The strength of the club 
along musical lines is too well known 
to call for extended comment. In the 
organization are professional soloists 
and musicians of wide reputation. 

The club will put on the production 
at the Gamut theater, 1044 South 
Hope street, one of the finest private 
playhouses in the West. The sale of 
seats has opened at the Bartlett 
Music Store. 



Mason 

After three weeks' engagement in 
San Francisco, Mr. Wright Lorimer's 
play, "The Shepherd King," is to be 
seen in Los Angeles, starting a week's 
engagement at the .Mason Opera 
iHouse next Monday, which will in- 
clude Wednesday and Saturday ma- 
tinee performances. "The Shepherd 
King" has enjoyed runs in all the 
Eastern cities, two years in New 
York, a year and a half in Chicago, 
and a year in Boston, besides ex- 
tended stays in Baltimore, Cincinnati, 
St. Louis and other places. It is a 
biblical drama, and appeals not only 
to the usual habitue of the theatre, 



but to an element interested in 
church and bible study. The charac- 
ter of David, shepherd boy of Israel, 
is the ideal hero of biblical fiction. 
He is most beloved of all the Semetic 
princes of the Did Testament, and the 
story of his discovery by Jonathan 
and Michal in his father's ranch at 
Bethlehem, and his journey to the 
pompous court of the mad King Saul, 
to become a muse for his royal mas- 
is a Familiar one. The story is 
romantic and interesting, and is sur- 
rounded by a series of magnificent 
pictures, true in historical value. 
The drama is given in four acts and 
i ehes. Vet 1 shoWs the home of 
David in the hills of Judea near Beth- 
lehem, with hay in the fields and sur- 
rounded by realistic pastoral beauty. 
From there it shifts to the glamour 
and pomp of Saul's court and camp 
in the vale of Elah, the palace of 
Gibeah, the cave of the Witch of En- 
dor, etc. Every detail of the produc- 
tion is under 'Mr. Lorimer's own su- 
pervision, and he is supported by ovet 
one hundred and twenty-five people. 

Majestic 

There is a lot of bright music in 
"King Dodo," the Pixley and Luders 
comedy opera which will be the at- 
traction at the iMaiestic theatre dur- 
ing aviation week with matinees Wed- 
nesday and Saturday, under the di- 
rection of John Cort. It is of the 
kind that street urchins pick up at 
one sitting and whistle for a year. 
The solos are said to be above the 
ordinary in point of merit, while the 
choruses have a ring that make them 
take with the audience. The costum- 
ing is in perfect taste. It is a blend- 
ing from first to last of the colors 
of the rainbow, and they are admir- 
ably blended. One feature that the 
chorus is called upon to execute is 
a march. It is handsomely executed 
and prettily costumed. In fact all 
the stage pictures are beautifully de- 
signed. As for the comedy, there is 
not a dull minute in the performance. 



Porter Emerson Browne, a well- 
known magazine writer and author 
of Robert Milliard's play, "A Fool 
There Was" 



Belasco 

Lewis S. Stone and his associates 
will play N. C. Goodwin's comedy 
success "The Genius" at the Belasco 
theatre next week. This play is the 
work of Cecil and William C. De 
Mille, who wrote "The Warrens of 
Virginia, "Strongheart" and other 
plays of recent product. 

In "The Genius" Mr. Stone will 
have <fine opportunities for creating 
laughter in the role of Jack Spencer, 
a very much up-to-date young man 
who 'palms off a number of clever 
paintings as his own handiwork, 
greatly to the wonder and admiration 
of his host of friends and especially 
of a very charming young woman. 
Spencer is instantly hailed as a genius 
and the manner in which he proceeds 
to live up to this spurious reputation 
is the basis for three acts of admitted- 
ly delightful fun. "The Genius" will 
require the services of every member 
of the Belasco Company, while scenic 
artist Brunton will have ample chance 
for a series of exceptionally beautiful 
stage pictures. 

Following "The Genius" the Belas- 
co company will give the first per- 
formance on any stage of a new play 
called "The Spendthrift." It is by 



Burbank 

The aviation week attraction at the 
Burbank theatre will be David B 
co's stirring drama of the great civil 
war, "The Heart of Mary! 

performance of which will 
given in that house tomorrow (Sun- 
day) afternoon, with the usual mati- 
nee Saturday at the week's close. 
This will be the second of the Belas- 
co plays to be seen at the Burbank 
under the direction of the Morosco- 
Belasco enterprises. The Inst was 
"The Girl of the Golden \\ 
Others will follow later. 

"The Heart of Maryland" will in- 
troduce to Los Angeles audiences 
Miss Ethel von Waldron, who has 
come here from Chicago to play in- 
genue roles with the Burbank com- 
pany. Her local debut will be made 
in the character of Nanny MacNair, 
a role suited to permit her to display 
here the art which made her a favor- 
ite in the Windy City. 

"The Heart of Maryland" was the 
first play written by David 'Belasco 
without the aid of a collaborator and 
it remains today the best of the long 
list of dramas founded upon incidents 
of the civil war. 

iMiss Frances Nordstrom will play 
Maryland Calvert, the part that made 
the fame of Mrs. 'Leslie Carter as an 
emotional actress. A. Byron Beasley 
will be seen as Col. Alan Kendrick, 
the Northern officer who wins her 
love. David Landau will play 'Lloyd 
Calvert, her brother and Harry Mes- 
tayer will be Lieut. Telfair. Others 
of importance in the long cast will 
include David M. Hartford, H. S, 
Duffield, John W. Burton, 'Henry 
IStockbridge, Frederick Gilbert, Willis 
Marks, Miss Lovell Alice Taylor and 
■Miss Louise Royce. The play is in 
four acts and an elaborate scenic pro- 
duction has been prepared. 

LEAVES FROM A PROSPECTOR'S 
DIARY 



Early Morn Upon the Desert 



The pole star crowns the desert 
Great Ursa's pointers true, 

Ye sentinels of herd and plain, 
Ye pilots of the shepherds, too. 

Pale Venus sheds her loving glow 
While Sirius' wondrous light 

Bedims the gleam of reddened Mars, 
Strong guardsman of the night. 

Beneath the sparkling canopy 
Of heaven's celestial dome 

The dim lit tents of pioneers 
Mark struggles for the home. 

While here and there upon 
The span, the dotted canvas shone, 

The Yuccas, the burros, and 
The Indian camp — alone. 

The sagebrush and the greasewood, 

The coyote and the mule, 
The dawn breaks on the desert, 

Early morn and Helio's rule. 

G. P. K. 



"Angel Town" w "AngelTown" 



Sizzling Travesty Upon Good Government Administration 

The City Club will attend this original musical comedy in a body 
the evening of Jan. 20. The big cast of Gamut Club actors, including 
ten comedians ard a band of tempestuous suffragettes, will not over- 
look the City Club after taking care of the new municipal officials. 

Magnificent orchestra and plenty of horrors or your money back. 
Reservations at Bartlett (Music Store. 

Best Seats $1; Gallery 50 Cents. GAMUT CLUB THEATRE 

Evenings of Jan. 19, 20, 21 and 22. 1044 S. Hope St. 



14 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



LOS ANGELES CITY WORK AND LEGISLATION 

An indexed review of all action by Council, Board of Public Works, Commissions and Officials, relating to property 
improvement or of general interest. Record closes Wednesday night. 



First Meeting of New Council held 
■Monday, Jan. 3, 1910. Judge Jno. D. 
W'Orks unanimously elected president 
of the Council. 

Committees; clerk announced the 
following standing committees ap- 
pointed by President Works: 

Finance: Washburn, Andrews, Wil- 
liams. 

Public Buildings: Betkouski, Lusk, 
Plant, Andrews, O'Brien. 

Sewers: Plant, Williams, O'Brien. 

Fire and Water: Andrews,. Bet- 
kouski, Gregory. 

Streets and Boulevards: Gregory, 
O'Brien, Plant, Williams, Lusk. 

Land: ILusk, 'Betkouski, O'Brien. 

Supplies: Williams, Andrews, Plant. 

Legislation: Lusk, Andrews, Wil- 
liams. 

Gas and Light: Plant, Betkouski, 
Washburn. 

Wlater Supply: Andrews, Lusk, 
Gregory. 

Bridges: O'Brien, Andrews, Greg- 
ory. 

Public Worh by Streets 

Ave. 20, from Pasadena to south 
line of N. Broadway (formerly Dow- 
ney Ave.); ord. changing and estab- 
lishing grade. Adopted. 

Ave. 35, bet. Pasadena and 250 ft. 
west; draft of ord. establishing curb 
lines. Adopted. 

Ave. 41, bet. Pasadena and Santa 
Fe right of way; draft of ord. estab- 
lishing curb lines. Adopted. 

Ave. 44, bet. Pasadena and Carlota 
Blvd.; draft of ord. establishing curb 
lines. Adopted. 

Ave. 45, north side bet. Pasadena 
Ave. and Santa Fe right of way; 
draft of ord. fixing and establishing 
curb lines. Adopted. 

1st. St., from Cornwall to Vermont; 
ord. establishing grade. Adopted. 

4th St., from 3rd and Alameda to 
Boyle Ave.; iCity Eng. instructed to 
prepare description of land necessary 
to be condemned for opening and 
widening of said street to a width of 
80 feet, and Bd. Pub. Wks. in- 
structed to lay out a proposed assess- 
ment dist. to pay costs. 

4th St., City Eng. reported that 
Council's instructions of Nov. 23, 1909, 
which ordered sidewalk constructed, 
had been carried out with regard to 
north side, and asked that he 'be or- 
dered to sidewalk south side from 
Grand Ave. to 164.59 feet W. of .Hope 
St. Adopted. 

6th St., north side bet. Alameda and 
produced line of Hill St. one foot 
south of the north line of said 6th 
St.; draft of ord. establishing curb 
lines. Ado'pted. 

6th St., bet. Alameda and Mateo; 
draft of ord. authorizing property 
owners to improve by private con- 
tract. Adopted. 

6th St., from Alameda to Mateo; 
ord. establishing grade. Adopted. 

7th St., bet. Lorena St. and Esper- 
anza; draft of ord. fixing and estab- 
lishing curb lines. Adopted. 

51st St., from Normandie to Denk- 
er; ord. establishing grade. Adopted. 

59th Place, from Figueroa to Mo- 
neta; ord. establishing grade. Adopted. 

Arroyo de los Posos Main Sewer; 
final ord. for construction of said 
sewer. Adopted. 

Brighton Ave., from 50th to 51st; 
ord. establishing grade. Adopted. 

Breed St., from 'City View Ave. to 



Shenden 'St.; ord. establishing grade. 
Adopted. 

Birch and 14th; request from Kate 
I. Dunnica, et al., for an electric light 
at the intersection of Birch St. and 
14th :St. Referred to the City Elec- 
trician. 

City View Ave., each side from St. 
Louis St. to Soto; draft of ord. es- 
tablishing curb lines. Adopted. 

City View Ave., from Cornwall to 
Soto; ord. establishing grade. 
Adopted. 

Denker Ave., west side from south 
line of 1st alley north of 51st Place 
to point 134.99 ft. south of south line 
of 52nd St.; draft of ord. authorizing 
property owners to improve by pri- 
vate contract. Adopted. 

Dalton Ave., from 50th to 51st; ord. 
establishing grade. Adopted. 

Denker Ave., from 48th to 54th; 
ord. establishing grade. Adopted. 

Echandia iSt. ; pet. from H. C. 
Thompson, et al., objecting to the 
change of name of Echandia St. from 
Bridge .St. to Judson St., to Judson 
St. .Referred to the Boulevard Com- 
mittee. 

Emerson St., from St. Louis to 
Cornwall; draft of ord. establishing 
curb lines. Adopted. 

Franklin St., draft of ord. author- 
izing property owners to sewer street 
by private contract. Adopted. 

Flower St., bet. 59th Place and 
point 510 ft. north; ord. establishing 
grade. Adopted. 

Fresno St., from Venice Ave. to 
Hollenbeck Ave.; ord. changing and 
establishing grade. Adopted. 

Garnet St., bet. Dacotah and Ezra; 
ord. changing and establishing grade. 
Adopted. 

Gramercy Place; pet. from B. L. 
Cubser, et al., asking that ordinance 
recently passed changing the name of 
Gramercy Place between 7th St. and 
11th St., to Gamier Place, ibe re- 
scinded. Petition referred to the 
Boulevard Committee. 

Halldale Ave., from 50th to 52nd; 
ord. establishing grade. Adopted. 

Johnston St., from north line of 
Altura to Manitou Ave.; ord. chang- 
ing and establishing grade. Adopted. 

Judson St., each side from St. Louis 
to Cornwall; draft of ord. establish- 
ing curb lines. Adopted. 

Kellan Ave., from W. Edgeware 
.Rd. to E. Edgeware Rd.; ord. estab- 
lishing grade. Adopted. 

Kingsley Drive; ord. changing 
street extending north from Pico to 
525.52 ft. north of 2nd St. bet. Har- 
vard Blvd. and Jasmine St. portions 
of which have been known as King 
St., Kingsley Drive and Glendon Ave. 
to the name of Kingsley Drive. 
Adopted. 

Kansas Ave., from 42nd St. to Ver- 
non Ave.; draft of ord. of intention 
to improve. Ado'pted. 

Lake Shore Ave. and Santa Cruz; 
light ordered placed. 

Lorena Place, bet. Lorena and 
ISpence Sts.; draft oi ord. fixing and 
establishing curb lines. Adopted.- 

Maple Ave., bet. 7th and 8th; fire 
hydrant ordered placed. 

Marengo iSt., from east line of 
bridge west of Soto St. to east ter- 
minus of Marengo St.; draft of ord. 
of intention to improve. Adopted. 

New England St., from 17th St. to 
161.44 ft. south; draft of ord. of in- 
tention to improve. Adopted. 

New High St.; draft of ord. author- 
izing property owners to sewer street 
by private contract. Adopted. 

Sunset Blvd.; pet. from Stefen 
Zacrek, et al., asking for the vacation 
of a portion of said street (formerly 
known as Sunset ID'rive) along north 



line beginning at Waterloo St. and 
extending a short distance east. 
Denied. , 

Beaton St., from Vincent to Pal- 
metto; draft of ord. of intention to 
improve. Adopted. 

San Julian St., bet. 7th and 8th; 
fire hydrant ordered placed. , , 

Stanford Ave.; pet. from A. K. Hay, 
et al., asking for the abandonment of 
proceedings for the opening and wid- 
ening of Stanford Ave. between Ver- 
non Ave. and 45th St. Referred to 
Bd. Pub. Wks. 

Temple and W: 1st St.; crosswalk 
ordered placed. 

Union and Bellevue; crosswalk 
ordered placed. 

Wall St., bet. 7th and 8th; fire hy- 
drant ordered placed. 

Wilmington St., bet. 1st and 2nd; 
draft of ord. of intention to improve. 
Adopted. 

Workman St., from Pasadena to 
IMianitou; ord. changing and estab- 
lishing grade. Adopted. 



General Legislation 

Abandoned Oil Wells; communica- 
tion from Oil Inspector asking that 
present ord. be amended so as to 
make it unlawful for an abandoned 
oil well to he filled without the Oil 
Inspector or deputies being present 
during the refilling. Ref. to Legisla- 
tion Committee. 

Bd. Pub. Wks.; Mayor's appoint- 
ment of A. A. (Hubbard to said board. 
Confirmed. 

Building Permit Wanted; pet. from 
Frank Delaney, for permission to 
construct a frame building on E. 10th 
St. Referred to Bd. Pub. Wks. for 
recommendation. 

Bids for Meat; City Clerk in- 
structed to advertise for bids for the 
furnishing of meat to Police, Health 
and Park Depts., and also 'fish for 
Park Dept. 

Cement Contract; Bd. Pub. Wks. 
authorized to enter into contract for 
purchase of 100,000 barrels of cement 
with provisions for an option on an 
additional 100,000 barrels, at a price 
not exceeding $1.80 per b'bl., for work 
on aqueduct. 

Engstrum Demand; demand drawn 
against Fire. Dept. Fund in favor of 
F. O. Engstrum Co., for $5000, being 
third payment due for construction 
of a fire engine house on 5th St., 
which the City Auditor refused to 
approve, claiming that the work was 
not in accordance with specifications, 
again reported on and referred to Bd. 
Pub. Wks. for further consideration. 

Housing of Fire Alarm Equipment; 
Bd. Pub. Wks. instructed to proceed 
with the erection of a ibrick lean-to 
on the ground of the fire engine house 
at McClintock and Jefferson Sts. for 
housing the central office fire alarm 
equipment recently purchased by city, 
work to 'be performed by day labor. 

Harbor; communication from So. 



Pac. R. R. Co., stating that the chan- 
nel in the Inner Harbor at San Pedro 
has been dredged and cleaned out. 
Referred to Bd. Pub. Wks. 

Kerosene and Gasoline Ord.; ord. 
amending present ord. ref. to Legis- 
lation Committee. 

Labor Employment Bureau; con- 
tinued hearing of City Atty's. report 
on this subject, ■ having been again 
taken up, was referred to Finance 
Committee. 

Numbering Street Cars; ord. re- 
quiring the numbering of street and 
interuriban cars. Adopted. 

Nurse for Tuberculosis Patients; 
Mayor returned without approval ord. 
providing for a nurse for indigent tu- 
berculosis patients, asking council to 
pass said ord. with an emergency 
clause. City Atty. instructed by 
Council to prepare ord. with such 
clause attached. Ord. was then 
passed. 

Obstructions on Sidewalks; ord. 
prohibiting the leaving of limbs of 
trees in streets or on sidewalks. 
Adopted. 

Pacific Electric Railway Overhead 
Crossing; re-crossing known as Rose 
Hill crossing on Mission Road, spe- 
cial committee reported that a plan 
had been arranged for 4 track cross- 
ing on steel constructed bridge, total 
cost to be approximately $80,000; rail- 
road company offered to bear 75 per 
cent of cost. Ref. to Bridge Commit- 
tee. 

Pioneer Investment and Trust Co. 
Claim; motion that said company be 
released from its obligation to city 
in sum of $630.20 due for improving 
certain streets on the ground that 
company was not liable. Lost. Also 
demand in sum of $350 damages 
caused by bursting of outfall sewer 
and flooding of lands of said company 
with sewage. Denied. 

Police Commission; Mayor's ap- 
pointment of John Topham, A. N. 
Davidson, P. M. Johnson and Charles 
Wellborn, members of the Police 
Commission. Confirmed by Council. 

Proximity of Stables to Hospitals; 
ord. prohibiting the keeping of more 
than 4 horses within 500 feet of any 
hospital. Adopted. 

Rubbish on Lots; ord. requiring 
weeds, rubbish or other material to 
be removed from private land or lots. 
Adopted. 

Residence Districts; ord. establish- 
ing residence districts and prohibit- 
ing the carrying on of certain occu- 
pations thereon. Adopted. 

Removal of Switch; pet. from Chas. 
H. Randall, et al., asking for the re- 
moval of a switch in Pasadena Ave. 
(between Aves. 57 and 58. Referred 
to the City Atty. 

Street Railway Franchise; bid of 
Robt. Marsh and Jno. Howze of $100 
for franchise commencing at Vermont 
and 39th, east to Vermont , south 
along Vermont to intersection of 39th 
west of Vermont, west along 39th to 



BANK CLEARINGS 



Los Angeles bank clearings from December 30, 1909 to January 5, 
1910, inclusive, showing comparisons with corresponding weeks of 1908 

and 19 ° 7: 1909-10. 1908-9. 1907-8. 

December 30 $ 1.975.745.22 $1,429,167.79 $1,609-678.73 

December 31 1 956.578.58 2.362.309.63 1,452,368.89 

January 3 3 140.945 46 2.663.492.58 J.613.782.75 

January 4 2 784.293.00 2,349,476.87 1,461.250.14 

January 5 ..:.........'...... 3.166,721.24 2,264,454.45 1,462,001.53 

Total .$13,024,2831*0 $11,068,901.32 $7,599,082.04 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



15 



iDenker, south along Denker to 39th 
ern. Referred to Bd. 

Street Improvement Ordinance; 
ord. allowing pr to im- 

prove !i :.urfacc work 

returned 1 vithout ap- 

by Council lo 

Spur Track im the Atcl 

lor a 
- Mateo St. and Santa 
Referred to the Board of 
Publie 

Spilling of Oil in Streets; recom- 
mendation of Oil Inspector that an 
prepared prohibiting the 
spillir on asphalt streets by 

automobiles and motorcycles. Rcf. to 
Legislation Committee 

Shade Trees; ord. providing for 
planting, maintenance and care of 
shade and ornamental trees in streets 
and other public places, and for the 
removal of unsightly and dead trees. 
Adopted. 

Salaries in St. Dept.; ord. tp pro- 
vide for payment of $2.50 per day to 
laborers and $4.50 per day to drivers 
with teams employed in St. Dept. in 
Wilmington and San Pedro. Adopted. 

Traffic Ordinance; pet. from the L. 
A. Realty Board, asking that the traf- 
fic ordinance be amended as set forth 
therein. Referred to the Legislation 
Committee. 

Traffic Ordinance; report of City 
Atty. of Dec. 21, on traffic ordinance 
again taken up and referred to Legis- 
lation Committee. 

Tax Refund; pet. from Helen Til- 
ton, for refund of taxes on account 
of erroneous assessment of personal 
property. Referred to the City Attor- 
ney for report as to legality of the 
claim. 

Tax Sale Cancelled; L. A. Ry. Co. 
request that the Council cancel tax 
sale against Lots 1, 2 and 4, Power 
Plant Tract No. 1, for franchise to 
be a corporation, said property being 
assessed to L. A. Ry. Co. Adopted. 

Telephone and Telegraph Fran- 
chise; pet. from M. Adian King, ask- 
ing that a franchise for a general tele- 
phone and telegraph company, be of- 
fered for sale. Referred to the Board 
of Public Utilities. 

Weeds in Sidewalks; ord. providing 
for removal of grass, weeds and other 
obstructions from public sidewalks. 
Adopted. 

Wilmington Fire Dept.; $5.00 a mo. 
allowed for incidentals, said fire dept. 
being a volunteer one. 

Bids Received 

For Furnishing Asphalt Wearing 

Surface for the Bureau of Street 
Maintenance and Inspection of the 
Department of Public Works. 

For Furnishing Fire Brick and 
Silex Blocks, under Specifications No. 
118. 

For Furnishing Hydraulic Sluice 
Gates and Frames under Specifica- 
tions No. 207-B. 



•livered 50 working days after re- 
ipt of order; weight, each 950 lbs. 



Bids Awarded 

For the Improving of Hooper Ave. 

from the produced southerly line of 
that portion of Twenty-eighth St. ex- 
tending westerly from Hooper Ave., 
to the northerly line of Forty-first 
St. Awarded to C. R. Eves, at 20c 
per sq. ft. for asphalt paving; $2.25 
per lin. ft. for grading and graveling; 
34c per lin. ft. for cement curb; 23c 
per sq. ft. for vitrified block gutter; 
15c per sq. ft. for cement gutter; $1.40 
per lin. ft. for crosswalks; $1400.00 for 
west culverts including wings com- 
plete; $515.00 for east culverts includ- 
ing wings complete; 5c per sq. ft. 
for regrading on Forty-first St. 

For Furnishing Hydraulic Sluice 
Gates and Frames, under Specifica- 
tions No. 207-B. Awarded to Fulton 
Engine Works, at $108.00 per gate 
f. o. b. cars Los Angles, California; 



Building' Permits 

During the month of December, 
1909, the Chief Inspector of Buildings 
I 696 permits, amounting to $1,- 
238,244, which are classed as foil 

■No. Valua- 
Permits. tion. 
A. Steel Frame.. . 2$ 38.000 

C 24 324,145 

I). 1 Story 320 411,838 

Class D, W, Story 34 89,620 

1). 2 St,.rv 5S 2bl."4X 

Public Buildings (City). 2 46,551 

Sheds '. .. 54 5.548 

Foundations 3 1,100 

Brick Alterations 31 12,969 

Frame Alterations 164 46,065 

Demolitions 4 460 

Total 696 $1,238,244 

'Comparison with last year, during 
the month of December, 1908, No. of 
permits. 581; valuation, $667,629. 

Following is a report 'by wards, 
from December 1st to December 31st, 
inclusive: 

No. Valua- 
Permits. tion. 

Ward One 35 $ 21,590 

Ward Two 72 78,508 

Ward Three 69 253,097 

Ward Four 50 211,908 

Ward Five 244 469,550 

Ward Six Ill 103.547 

Ward Seven 24 17,072 

Ward Eight 20 23,095 

Ward Nine 71 59,877 

Total 696 $1,238,244 

Compiled by Mark C. Colin, Chief 
Clerk. 

* <■ * 

LA FOLLETTE, THE ORIGINAL 
"INSURGENT" 

"La Folette is the original 'insur- 
gent.' That is one reason why the 
special interests so hate him. An- 
other reason is that he has been suc- 
cessful. He was an insurgent in Con- 
gress from 1884 to 1890. During 
those years, he opposed a scheme in 
Congress to steal vast quantities of 
timber from the Indians. He op- 
posed another scheme to give mil- 
lions of dollars outright to a canal 
company which, to secure the neces- 
sary legislation, had offered $100,000 
to the Republican National Cam- 
paign Committee and the same 
amount to the Democratic National 
Campaign Committee. He killed the 
bill to give a railroad company the 
title and control of every town site 
along the railway line in Dakota. For 
these high offenses, the young insur- 
gent, at the age of thirty-five, was 
driven out of public life by Big Busi- 
ness. 

"For the next ten years, from 1890 
to 1900, he was the open and avowed 
insurgent. He was now 'up against' 
all the powers of the state and na- 
tional governments. He was an in- 
surgent against the two United States 
Senators from his state, against all 
the thousands of federal and state 
office-holders and allied politicians in 
Wisconsin and against the special in- 
terests hack of such office-holders 
and politicians. Some one _ at the 
time asked Senator Spooner in Wash- 
ington, 'Who is that man La Fol- 
lette?' Spooner replied, 'He is a ■ 

fool who thinks he can buck 5,000 
miles of railroad in Wisconsin.' 

"From 1900 to 1905, he was gover- 
nor of Wisconsin, but he did not 
cease to be an insurgent. He was 
still opposed by the 'System,' which 
has been against him for ten years. 
The interests fought every progres- 
sive measure which he forced through 
and placed upon the statute books. 
In 1904, he was clearly elected to the 
Republican National Convention, but 
he had been such an insurgent that 
the 'Interests' controlling the con- 
vention threw him out and seated his 
enemies, Senator Spooner and 
Quaries, who had no right there. In 



January, 1906, he entered the United 
States Senate, where at first he was 
the only insurgent. On the occasion 
of his first speech, the Senators for 
the special interests of oil, coal. 
sugar, beef, railroads, etc.. tried to in- 
sult him by leaving the chamber in a 
body. He 

"'I cannot he wholly indifferent to 
the fact that Senators by their ab- 
at this time indicate their want 
of interest in what I may have to say 
upon this subject. The public is in- 
terested. Unless this important ques- 
tion is rightly settled, seats now tem- 
porarily vacated may be permanently 
vacated by those who have the right 
to occupy them at this time.' 

\l the close of four years in the 
Senate, he has been joined by six 
other insurgent Senators, others are 
on their way, and a formidable band 
of insurgents in the House of Repre- 
sentatives is struggling to restore 
representative government in that 
House. 

"But the special interests dread La 
Follette most of all because he is ef- 
fective, — that is constructive. They 
know when they meet a determined 
enemy and La Follette is the deter- 
mined and implacable enemy to every 
form of legislative grant or gift to a 
special interes't. He be'ieves in equal- 
ity of opportunity. In the Senate, 
his motion to provide for a physical 
valuation of the railroads as a basis 
for reasonable rates went to the 
foundation of the whole question. 
His amendment to establish a perma- 
nent and expert 'tariff commission 
would be just to legitimate business 
and destructive to trusts and com- 
binations against the public welfare. 
But in Wisconsin, while he was gov- 
ernor, he best demonstrated his con- 
structive ability." — William Kittle, in 
the Twentieth Century for January. 

EVILS OF OBSOLETE WATER- 
LAWS 

The new epoch in water control in 
the West came with the passage of 
modern irrigation codes in Wyoming 
and Idaho. Features of these laws 
were copied by a few of the other 
states of the West; but as a rule the 
older states were afraid to bother 
with their water laws — afraid that any 
disturbance would throw the common- 
wealth into a paroxysm of water liti- 
gation. For example, California has 
notoriously poor and confusing water 
laws; but she has paid heavily for 
these entangled' shreds, for govern- 
ment investigators tell us that water 
litigation in California, up to the year 
1902, had cost $27,000,000, while the 
total amount spent in every form of 
water development in the state was 
but $26,000,000— Randall R. Howard, 
in the January Pacific Monthly. 
* * + 
THE UNDER DOG 



Every dog has his day, and just 
now the under dog seems to be get- 
ting his. Witness the articles on 
"Barbarous Mexico," which have at 
last given the peon a voice and hear- 
ing. Witness the vain efforts of 
Hawaiian planters to scour the earth 
for some under-dog labor that would 
stay under. Witness the earnest in- 
vestigations of the food supply of 
the people, in London and New York, 
undertaken in a spirit not of individual 
charity, to relieve suffering, but of in- 
telligent regard for the progress of 
the human race. Witness the old-age 
pensions of England, and the auto- 
matic, even compulsory, insurance of 
Germany. The under dog is still un- 
der, but his appeal is at least heard, 
and society is conscious that it has 
jurisdiction. Probably the under dog 
w : ill always be in some sense "under." 
Nature formed him for that role. But 
social concepts and human sentiments 
no longer include the idea that our 
duty toward the under dog is to kick 
him down. Rather, we are learning 
that it is to our interest, as well as 
our duty, to help him up — to drag 



him up. it -to a certain 

. and to give him opportunitj 
much higher as he can. — 
California Weekly. 

+ + + 

THE JESTERS' BELLS 

A Friend in Need 

\ gen I em an humedlj entei i I 

drugstore to find an address in the 

"ry. but found a lady stud 
the 'linok very intently, lie waited as 
patiently as he could for a time, but 
she seemed no nearer the object of 
her search, and as his time was 
limited he finally ventured: 

"li you are in no great hurry, 
madam, would you be so kind as to 
allow me to glance in that book for 
jusl a moment?" 

"Oh, certainly," replied she, sweet- 
ly, as she relinquished it. "I was just 
looking it over to find a pretty name 
for baby." — Harper's Magazine. 



Candid 

An alien wanted to be naturalized 
and was required to fill out a 'blank. 
The first three lines of the blank had 
the following questions; "Name?" 
"Born?" and "Business?" 

He answered: 

"Name — Michael Levinsky." 

"Born — Yes." 

'^Business — Rotten." — Saturday 
Evening Post. 



All That Was Left of It 

First Autoist — "Is that the same au- 
tomobile you bought this spring?" 

Second Autoist — -"All except the 
body and three wheels." — Catholic 
News. 



Dangerous Beasts 

The teacher had been telling the 
class about the rhinoceros family. 
"Now, name some things," said she, 
"that are very dangerous to get near 
to, and that have horns." "Automo- 
biles!" replied little Jennie Jones, 
promptly. — New York World. 

Distant Relationship 

"Are you related to Barney 
O'Brien?" Thomas O'Brien was once 
asked. 

"Very distantly," replied Thomas. 
"I was me mother's first child — Bar- 
ney was th' sivinteenth." — Chicago 
Daily Socialist. 



Sapleigh — Bah Jove, you know, an 

idea has occurred to me Miss 

Pert (interrupting) — Pardon me, Mr. 
Sapleigh, isn't that more than a mere 
occurrence? I should call it an event. 
— Boston Transcript. 



"De Villers has quit scorching." 
"Machine all in?" "Nope; he's dead." 
"Oh, that doesn't prove anything." — 
Harper's Weekly. 



"Did you see that fool boy chasing 
that fool girl past here just now?" 
"Yes; I noticed 'em." "It was a sort 
of reminder that life is just one 
darned thing after another, wasn't it?" 
— Houston Post. 



"I have a chance to marry an old 
man who has lot of money." "Why 
don't you?" "He hasn't any bad 
habits, and comes of a long-lived 
family." — Chicago Record-Herald. 



Debtor (to shop girl) — It's an out- 
rage for your employer to have you 
present this bill here at the railroad 
station in the presence of all these 
people! Tell him I'll attend to the 
matter as soon as I get home — and 
now give me a kiss, so the people will 
think that you are a relative and have 
come to bid me good by! — Fliegende 
Blatter. 



"Does your husband ever speak 
harshly to you?" "No. Thank heav- 
en, my husband and I are not on 
speaking terms." — Chicago Record- 
Herald. 



La Follette's and f 

Pacific Outlook 



Pacific Outlook has made arrangements with the publishers of La Fol- 
lette's Weekly Magazine to combine subscriptions with this paper. 
Readers of Pacific Outlook know our paper and its policy. 

It stands unqualifiedly, and without fear, for that which it believes to 
be true, clean, honest and right in human affairs — political, secular, com- 
mercial and industrial; and in its columns will always maintain an un- 
prejudiced and impartial atti.ude in its discussion of all subjects of uni- 
versal or local interest. 

La Follette's Weekly stands for an honest government, administered 
by true representatives who really represent the people — not special 
interests. 

SUPPOSE you were the owner of valuable property and chose and 
paid servants for stated periods to guard and administer this property 
for you. AND SUPPOSE one of your servants should write you a .per- 
sonal letter each week telling you the plain truth about your property 
and about some of your servants and how they were squandering and 
giving away your property which you paid them to guard and conserve 
for you. Wouldn't you be willing to pay the postage — 2 cents per 
week — on those letters? 

THIS LETTER IS CALLED 
LA FOLLETTE'S WEEKLY NEWS-MAGAZINE 

It is written under the direction of Sen. Robert M. La Follette, from 
behind the scenes at headquarters each week, and it is a personal letter 
intended for you because you are one of the owners of the United States 
the property of which is being confiscated and given away to moneyed 
interests by some of your public servants. 

THE REGULAR PRICE OF THESE TWO PAPERS IS $1.00 PER 
YEAR, EACH. YOU CAN SECURE THEM TOGETHER FOR 

$1.50 A YEAR 

SEND SUBSCRIPTIONS TO 

PACIFIC OUTLOOK CO. 



837 South Spring Street, 



Los Angeles, Cal. 



: S^) Index to {Business Houses, Professions, Etc. C? 



ART GLASS AND GLAZING 

CRESCENT ART GLASS CO., 
818 S. Main. F5373; Broadway 2%. 

APARTMENTS 

THE ST. REGIS, Housekeeping 

237 S. Flower. A7336; Main 2290 

DENTISTS 
DR. WM. D. FLORY, F2844 

455 S. Broadway Rooms 3-4 

DRY GOODS 

VILLE DE PARIS, 10893; Main 893 
317-325 S. Broadway, 314-322 S. Hill 

EXCURSIONS 
BALLOON ROUTE, L. A. Pac. Co. 
Station, Hill St., bet. 4th and 5th. 
10355: Broadway 4000. 

FURNITURE 
BARKER BROS., 413. S. Main St., 
420 S. Spring St. 10265; Main 8900 

HAIR SPECIALISTS 
PROF. GEO. A. GARLOW, Room 
426 Citizens' Nat. Bank Bldg., Third 
and Main. 

INVESTMENTS & INSURANCE 
G. G. JOHNSON, 603 H. W. Hellman 
Bldg., Fourth and Spring, A9232; 
Main 1819. 

LAUNDRIES 
ELECTRIC LAUNDRY CO., 
806-14 E. 16th St. B4231;So. 580 



MEN'S FURNISHINGS 

HARRIS & FRANK, 
437 « S. Spring. 10891; Main 9477 

W. HUNTER & CO., 
525 So. Spring. Main 4127 

OFFICES TO RENT 

LISSNER BLDG., 524 S. Spring 

Single rooms as low as $12.50. 

PIANOS AND ORGANS 

GEO J. BIRKEL & CO., Steinwav, 
Kranich and Bach, Cecilian and Vic- 
tor Dealers. 345-47 S. Spring. 

BARTLETT MUSIC CO., 
Autopiano Agents, 231 S. Broadway 

SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA MUSIC 
CO., Chickering & Pianola Agents, 
332-4 S. Broadway. 

REAL ESTATE 

MINES & FARISH, 353 S. Hill St. 
High Class Investments. 

SPORTING GOODS 

WM. H. HOEGEE CO., Inc. 
138-42 S. Main. 10087; Main 8447 

STUDIOS TO RENT 
BLANCHARD HALL. Devoted ex- 
clusively to Music, Art, Science. 233 
S. Broadway; 232 S. Hill. 

STORAGE Af.D MOVING 

BEKINS, 1335 S. Figueroa 

22562 Broadway 3773 

TILES 

PACIFIC TILE & MANTEL CO., 
716-18 S. Spring. ?5Dtl; Main 2127 




Home A7336 



Sunset Main 2290 



Ijmtsrhrrputg Apartments 

FIVE MINUTES WALK to Third 
and Broadway. Modern Apartments 
and Single Rooms at moderate prices. 
Private Telephone in each Apartment 
or Single Room. 237 S. Flower St. 





Nothing Like It Anywhere 



mm m The Great Scenic Railway Trolley Trip. Most won- 

fH/lt LOW€ derful of them all in diversity and beauty of its 

* scenery and scope and variety of its views. Two 

■== = hours from Los Angeles to the crest of the Sierras. 

Other Points of Interest to Tourists: 

Pasadena, San Gabriel Mission, Founded in 1771; Monrovia 
Sierra Madre and Glendale 

Beautiful Seashore Rides embrace Long Beach, San Pedro, Point Fir- 
min, Huntington Beach, Newport and Balboa and Catalina Island. All 
made possible by fast and frequent service with the Big Red Cars from 
Sixth and Main Sts. Terminal, Los Angeles, Cal. 



The Misses Page School for Girls 

243 WEST ADAMS STREET 

Home Phone 21202 

Sunset South 3539 
Amid ideal surroundings and directed by competent teachers the 
girls of this School make rapid progress. In addition to the regular 
school studies they are taught vocal and instrumental music, drawing 
and painting, and physical culture. Ample facilities are afforded for 
recreation and the girls' home training and moral welfare is attended 
to in a manner to bring out the sweet and beautiful in character, so 
essential to true womanhood. 

A School for Boys 

Under the same management, located at 137 West Adams Street. 
Telephone Home 21203. The boys receive military instruction, Cap- 
tain Robert T. Gibbs being commandant. 

This is a splendid home for boys and also a well regulated school- 
home where the character training of the boy is given the importance 
it deserves. The proverb "Train up the child in the way he should 
go; and when he is old he will not depart from it," is exemplified at 
this school. Boys here are taught manliness, obedience, punctuality, 
industry and learning in a way fitting them suitably as foundation 
stones for life's progress. Boys of any age after 5 years admitted. 
Each boy is held to be an individual. Not being held back by class 
restrictions his progress is rapid and certain. 

Call, Telephone or Write for Catalogue. p up iis admitted at any time. 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



Vol. VIII. Mo. 3, 



Los Angeles. California, January 15, 1910 



5 Cents— $1.00 a Year 



THE ENGLISH SITUATION 



The great revolution in the parent nation 
adily, evenly, inevitably onward. 
>e who profess to believe that 
the Liberals will suffer defeat, but none of 
irface indications tend that way. The 
LTnioi nservative meetings are poor- 

ly attended and are frequently captured by 
the partisans of the budget. The Tor) press, 
while it goes through the motions of per- 
fect confidence, betrays now and then signs 
of utter despair. The Peers who have been 
put forward as orators in the campaign, 
with the expectation that the "middle" and 
"lower" classes would he profoundly im- 
pressed, have failed- to make good. In 
scores of instances they have been howled 
clown or laughed off the platform. The 
speeches of Lloyd-George, of the Premier 
Asquith, and of Winston Churchill have 
been received with tremendous enthusiasm, 
and with crowds so enormous as to close all 
traffic for blocks in every direction. 

There is no doubt that the great middle 
class of Great Britain, tradespeople, artisans 
and prosperous people of small means, are 
for the budget by a great majority. But 
the slums of the cities are largely controlled 
by the liquor interest, and, as the English 
suffrage is now almost universal, there is a 
heavy slum vote. The liquor interest is 
against the budget. The last bye-election 
held before dissolution was in a tough quar- 
ter of London and was carried for the Un- 
ionist candidate, although his vote was a 
little less than the combined Labor and 
Liberal vote, divided to separate candidates. 
The Unionists also expect a good part of 
the agricultural vote, which is supposed to 
be under aristocratic influence. Tenant 
farmers arc all being warned by their land- 
lords that the tax on land simply means a 
higher rental for them. Another point that 
counts in favor of the Tories is that in 53 
districts the Liberals and Laborites were 
unable to get together and are running sep- 
arate candidates. 

It is, however, a profoundly significant 
fact that the London Times, the leading 
Tory organ — no longer owned by the Wal- 
ters but by Lord Northcliffe (ex-Harms- 
worth) — has, in the very teeth of the cam- 
paign, declared in favor of a reform of the 
Mouse of Lords. The same note has 
sounded from the platform, where leading 
Conservative Peers have frankly declared 
that some radical change is needed in the 
make-up of that body. This sounds sus- 
piciously like the small boy declaring "I 
will be good," wdien he sees his mother 
reaching for the hairbrush. On the other 
hand, the boldness of Asquith in throwing 
the Irish House rule issue into the cam- 
paign—the very issue that broke the back 
of the last Liberal government — on top of 
everything else, shows the absolute con- 
fidence of the Liberals in the outcome. It 
is safe to say that if the result is a conser- 
vative victory the skilled leaders of both 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 

Published Every Saturday 

837 South Spring St. 

Los Angeles, California, 

by the 

PACIFIC OUTLOOK COMPANY 

Subscriptipn price $1.00 a year in advance. 
Single copies 5 cents at all news stands. 

A. M. DUNN, Manager 
C. D. WILLARD Editorial Contributor 



NOTICE TO SUBSCRIBERS— The Pacific Out- 
look is mailed to subscribers through the Los 
Angeles Post Office every Friday, and should 
be delivered in every part of the city by Satur- 
day's post. If for any reason it should be de- 
layed, or be delivered in poor condition, sub- 
scribers will confer a favor upon the publishers 
by giving them immediate notice. 

Entered a§ aecond-claM matter April 5, 1937, at tbe poetofBce at 
Lot Angeles, California, under the act of Congreai ofMarch 1,1879. 



sides will be profoundly astonished. 

Primarily the issue is the budget: Shall 
land tie taxed on its actual .value with a spe- 
cial tax on its increment as the latter comes 
hereafter? Shall all taxes of the rich be in- 
creased while those of the poor are dimin- 
ished? 

But like most of our American Presiden- 
tial campaigns, this one suffers the con- 
fusion that comes with the forcing of addi- 
tional issues. Greater even — at least more 
revolutionary — than the financial question is 
the political or constitutional one: Have the 
Lords the* right to veto the revenue meas- 
ures of the Commons? Subsidiary to this 
comes the question of a reform in the House 
of Lords, shutting out the "wild men" who 
never attend the session unless their class 
interest is involved, and perhaps making it 
an elective body, like our own Senate. To- 
gether with this comes the proposal that the 
Lords are to be deprived of their power of 
final veto — that they may temporarily sus- 
pend the action of the Commons 'but not 
kill it — which comes pretty close to abolish- 
ing the political function of the Peers en- 
tirely. 

Lastly, the announcement of Asquith that 
if the Liberals are returned Ireland is to be 
granted local autonomy makes one more is- 
sue. This, while it operates as a handicap 
to the Liberal cause in the agricultural re- 
gions of England and Scotland, will help 
in the cities and will give the budget an 
overwhelming majority in the green island. 

Has history any more incredible story — 
and it has many — than that of the two 
Georges — Henry and David Lloyd? They 
are no relation — same name a mere coinci- 
dence. Forty years ago Henry, a penniless 
newspaper hack of San Francisco, fell to 
wondering on the failure of prosperitv to 
help the poor — the issue of all issues, then, 
today, and in the future, until it is settled: 
the issue that underlies most of the crime, 



disease, misery, intemperance and heart- 
aches of this great sad world, lie Studied 
lie law of wages and of interest and of rent, 
ami he read all the learned treatises on 
economics and the science of wealth that 
had been written by the wise men of the 
world up to that date. All these writers 
were sorry about poverty, bu. chey believed 
it to be inevitable. Evidently it was wdtat 
Christ meant when he said "Unto everyone 
that hath shall be given." Henry George 
did not accept that doctrine nor that cruel 
reading of the Greatheart's words. He be- 
gan at the very root of that philosophy and 
tore it to pieces. Then he rewrote the sci- 
ence of human prosperity and development 
on the basis of a theory that God intended 
that all the land should belong to all the 
people in common, each paying the com- 
munity for such a piece of it as he could 
actually use in his work or for his life and 
comfort. And he developed the plan by 
which this ideal could be worked out from 
the present condition. 

While he was writing the book — which 
no publisher would accept and which he 
printed at his own expense for a subsequent 
million readers of all languages — a little 
orphan Iboy in Wales was doing the hard 
labor of a farm to earn money for school 
'books. His life was an incredible series of 
hardships that only someone reserved for 
great achievement could have had the cour- 
age to face. At last, when he had studied 
law and had fought his way into the Eng- 
lish parliament, he read the book of the San 
Francisco journalist, and it opened to him 
a new world of hope and belief. 

"Yes, this is a war budget," he was say- 
ing, some fifteen years later, from his place 
as Chancellor of the Exchequer to a listen- 
ing nation. "This is a war budget; but it 
is a war against poverty." 

Words of vast weight! Their echo, like 
the shot of the "embattled farmers." is heard 
around the world. Even in America, where 
prosperity shines for all except for those 
who need it most, the people are beginning 
to listen, to wonder and to ask for the truth. 
♦ + + 

PINCHOT AND THE PEOPLE 

No fault can be found with the president 
for removing Chief Forester Pinchot. Af- 
ter so palpable an act of insubordination not 
to have removed him would have been to 
make the administration ridiculous. Never- 
theless, the episode, more than anything 
that has happened since the 4th of last 
March, will tend to strengthen the tide of 
suspicion and distrust which the president 
has somehow managed to bring upon him- 
self, and, more than all he has said and done 
heretofore, will turn the people against the 
administration. 

Gifford Pinchot has. in a higher degree 
than any man connected with the Govern- 
ment service, the confidence of the people. 
A man of large means who might, had he 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



so desired 1 , have devoted his life to amuse- 
ment or to the increase of his fortune, he 
deliberately chose the hard work of a de- 
partment at Washington, because he telt 
that the forestry question and the issue of 
the conservation of such natural resources 
as yet remain in the nation's hands, were 
matters that bore directly on the prosperity 
of millions of people. He was one of tkeo- . 
dore Roosevelt's nearest personal friends 
and most influential advisers. In a hundred 
ways Roosevelt showed his confidence in 
the Chief Forester's sincerity and his ap- 
proval of his judgment. It was ti.rpu^ 
i'inchot that the movement to save what is 
left of these natural resources from the ruin 
of the vandal and the appropriation by spe- 
cial interest became national in its scope. 
Through him the people awoke to the fact 
that a great part of the original heritage was 
gone, and that extraordinary efforts must be 
put' forth to protect what remains. The 
people know he is their friend, and they love 
him and respect his judgment. 

Now what has happened? He has de- 
liberately forced the President to demand 
his resignation. The act was plainly pre- 
meditated and taken after discussion with 
his superior (who advised against it) and 
his own circle of friends. 

It has been an open secret in Washington, 
frequently hinted at by newspaper corre- 
spondents, that Pinchot some time ago made 
up his mind that he would ultimately be 
driven from his place. When he was visit- 
ing in Los Angeles last autumn he let fall 
suggestions to that effect. He probably 
made up his mind that the proposed con- 
gressional investigation demanded by Bal- 
linger and the President was designed to 
finish. the work. The Senate Committee 
would be appointed by Vice-President Sher- 
man, and the ■ House Committee — it was 
supposed — would be appointed by Cannon. 
Take the conditions as they stand, with no 
actual charge of corruption to be made 
against Mr. Ballinger, only the intangible 
belief of the friends of conservation that he 
is not to be trusted, and the inevitable re- 
sult of the investigation would be to cen- 
sure Pinchot for helping in the attack on 
the chief of the Interior Department. 

Foreseeing this, Pinchot has two alterna- 
tives open to him, to stay in his place until 
he is thrown out with more or less con- 
tumely, or to go out. Naturally he decides 
to go out. Again there are two alterna- 
tives : to resign or to take such a position 
with respect to the controversy as will re- 
sult in his removal by the President. He 
chose the latter course for reasons which 
will readil" be seen. Merelv to resign would 
leave him in the position of deserting his 
post in time of danger. He prefers to die 
"with his boots on," as the phrase runs. His 
letter to Dolliver makes his position on the 
Ballinger issue entirely plain to the public, 
and combined with his removal, arouses the 
people as no mere resignation possibly could 
have done. 

Thus while the American people can take 
no exception to Taft's removal of Pinchot, 
they can and will take exception to the con- 
dition of things that compelled a faithful, 
valuable public servant to take so extraordi- 
nary a step for the purpose of securing his 
release — conditions that were revealed in 
the appointment of Ballinger whose pro- 
fessional relation to the Alaska coal cases 
and whose machine political affiliations were 
well known, and in the removal of Glavis 
through whose intervention the coal lands 
will probably be saved to the public. Pin- 



chot's removal is a mere incident; the meat 
of the matter is that the man who, more 
than. any other, represents to the people the 
doctrine of conservation lost confidence in 
.the administration, and tore himself lose 
from it at such a sacrifice. 
* * + 

GLEAM OF LIGHT 



Henry Lyon, former member of Council 
from the old Seventh Ward, has announced 
his intention of running for the next Legis- 
lature on a platform that calls for the initia- 
tive, referendum and recall in State affairs. 

Lyon was one of the best of the machine 
wing of the late council. He owed his elec- 
tion largely to corporation influences, and 
on all the chief issues where the corporation 
interest was involved he voted the "Parker 
dope," but he probably figured that he 
would have been an ingrate to do anything 
else. On other matters he could generally 
be relied upon to get on the right side. He 
was frank and fair-spoken, not given to gal- 
lery plays, and showed no evidence of being 
"on the make." His general popularity was 
evidenced in the large vote that brought 
him to the very top of the machine ticket 
and almost carried him back into the coun- 
cil. 

There is significance in Lyon's declara- 
tion that he will base his campaign on direct 
legislation. We accept it as sincere, but at 
the same time we recognize that he prob- 
ably would not venture on such a policy 
were he not satisfied that it will take with 
his constituency. 

Only a few .votes more were needed to 
carry a constitutional amendment for direct 
legislation through the last legislature. The 
vote in the Senate was 20 to IS in its favor, 
but 27 affirmative votes (2-3 of 40) were re- 
quired. Four votes pledged to the amend- 
ment were absent, and four others hung in 
the balance for a time, but finally went over 
to the opposition. The vote against was 
straight machine with two exceptions. In 
the assembly the amendment never got out 
of committee, but it was believed that there 
were votes enough to carry it if the chance 
had ever been offered. Like most of Stan- 
ton's committees, the one on constitutional 
amendments was dominated by the ma- 
chine. 

Direct legislation is the reform on which 
all other reforms may be built. It is of 
prime importance. Every man who pro- 
poses to run for the legislature should be 
called upon to declare himself on this issue. 
Those who believe the people are not to be 
trusted should be .compelled to express their 
views, face to face with their constituency. 
* * * 

A SMILE OR A SMIRK? 



It is a wise thing to suspend judgment on 
a public officer for a time, but the suspen- 
sion should not be carried on too long, lest 
judgment be choked to death in the process. 
It is now over ten months since William 
Howard Taft became chief magistrate of 
this nation, and from all over the country 
one may hear loud calls of "Time" from 
those who feel that their judgment has been 
hung up long enough, who have made up 
their minds and are entirely ready to go on 
record. 

What sort of a president have we on our 
hands — that is the question citizens are 
asking. 

There are just two kinds of presidents un- 
der the existing scheme of things. No; not 
Republican and Democratic — those words 



have lost their meaning for people of intelli- 
gence. The two kinds are : those that be- 
long to the People, and those that belong 
to the Special Interests. 

A man said once "Honesty is the best 
policy; I ought to know because Ihave tried 
both kinds." 

So we may say we have tried both va- 
rieties of president. Go anywhere in the 
country, outside of Wall Street, and ask the 
name of a president that was for the people 
and a unanimous cry will go up : "Roose- 
velt." There never was any question about 
where he stood. Judgment did not need a 
ten months' suspension. 

Because the people knew him and be- 
lieved in him, they were ready at the end 
of his service to reelect him for what might 
perhaps be called a third term. When he 
would not accept they allowed him to name 
his successor — a privilege never before ex- 
tended to an American president. 

In the beginning nobody cared much for 
Taft. He had no individual following; he 
was not magnetic in his personality; he had 
no originality — nothing except an all-round 
efficiency and a great capacity for hard 
work to distinguish 'him from a hundred 
other men bred in the bureaucratic school of 
Washington. We took him solely on the 
recommendation of our friend. 

Thus it was the people that nominated 
Mr. Taft, not the party leaders, and not the 
Special Interests. Cannon and Knox were 
candidates, and if the machine or the big 
interests could have nominated one or the 
other of them — or some one of that order — ■ 
they would have done it. 

It was only after their case was perfectly 
hopeless that they submited with the good 
grace the machine usually shows under such 
circumstances, and joined in; the hue-and- 
cry for Taft. 

Charles P. Taft, brother of the President, 
and his evil genius, a Cincinnati millionaire 
who owns and manages a machine news- 
paper that supports the worst boss in the 
United States, George Cox, financed the 
nomination of W. H., it is said, at a cost 
of about $100,000. It was all' wasted as far 
as getting the nomination went. The mo- 
ment Roosevelt pointed his finger, the work 
was done ; and all the money spent for 
badges, demonstrations, printers' ink, club 
uniforms, etc., was poured down a rat hole. 

What has happened? DidiiTeddy make 
a mistake? Has Taft completely -changed 
his character? Or is it possible, in spite of 
all appearances to the contrary, that the 
President is going to come out on the right 
side in the end? 

A hard problem. It would be simple 
enough if Roosevelt were out of it. Take 
away his recommendation, and there is not 
much left of Mr. Taft except a large 
"tummy" and a vacuous smile. He puts 
Knox, Ballinger, Wickersham and Hitch- 
cock into his cabinet. He stands for one of 
the worst tariffs that ever robbed the peo- 
ple for the benefit of the trusts — and calls 
it the best. He denounces the progressive 
senators that were striving to hold the Re- 
publican party to its pledge for lower re- 
vision. He uses in his speeches on the 
tariff the Payne schedule of figures which 
had already been exposed as a tissue of false- 
hoods. He praises Cannon and Tawney and 
Aldrich. He slurs the constitution of Okla- 
homa because it contains direct legislation. 
He recalls Crane because the machine ob- 
jects to his appointment. He allows Hitch- 
cock to threaten and try to intimidate the 
insurgents. He sacrifices the confidence and 






lieutenants, like 
nd Garfield, ami he takes up with 
nts, the friends of the 
al Interests. He wins the favor of the 
Reactionary Press and loses the indepen- 
dent and ive. 

The past career of Mr. Taft shows none 

of the characteristics of the traitor or the 

hface — and yet the course he lias 

mapped out to date very nearly parallels 

that of Millard Fillmore or of John Tyler. 

Chosen by the people to continue the brave 

begun by his predecessor in office, he 

completely over to the 

enemy and fairly to glory '" ,MC defection. 

If this should prove to be true, it will 
give the American people the saddest shock 
they have received in many years. 

We refuse to believe it. While not de- 
fending the President's course, his acts do 
s those of a cold-blooded trai- 
tor, but rather of a weak, gi od-natured, ill- 
informed man who has fallen, temporarily, 
let us hope, into bad hands. 

] "r all that he has held public office al- 
most continuously since he left college, Taft 
has had very little political experience. In 
such matters he has been always something 
of an idealist. It is easy to believe that 
when he was about to take the office of 
President, he received from all sides, and 
undoubtedly from Roosevelt himself, the 
•advice that be should keep the peace with 
the machine if possible. "Get along with 
,ress (which means Cannon and Aid- 
rich) somehow — anyhow — until you get 
your anti-corporation laws through, and al- 
though the people may be angry for a time, 
in the long run they will be grateful." 

The man wdio tries to play a game he 
does not understand, usually over plays it. 
The machine is cunning and quick to take 
advantage of every concession. It is always 
on the job, never captious or resentful, as 
the anti-machine people frequently are, 
makes promises galore and breaks, them 
when convenient, has no awkward scruples, 
and controls all the chief avenues of public 
business. 

"Will you walk into our parlor," says the 
grim old spider, and the fat smiling fly 
buzzed right in. He thought he was doing 
wonders in the way of keeping everybody 
friendly. Even yet he scarcely feels the 
web that is tightening around him. 

Perhaps in time he may awake to what 
he is doing: The return of Roosevelt may 
clear the atlmosphere for him. 

Put the best we can make of it, he is not 
the man we were looking for to carry out 
the great work that the American people 
are facing. He is too soft, too easy, too 
smiling, too complacent. We would rather 
see Teddv in the White House scowling and 
showing his teeth and occasionally making 
mistakes, than this one, smiling and soft- 
pedaling about and clinging to the letter of 
the law. These are not smiling times. The 
temple is full of money changers and it 
needs the whip of thongs to drive them out. 
Progress may be made in the next three 
years, but we cannot rely on this gentle, 
innocent soul for any kind of leadership. 
+ * * 

THE FALL OF DIAZ 



So many American visitors to Mexico, 
tourists, business men and writers, have re- 
turned to give glowing accounts of the prog- 
ress made in the sister republic, that Amer- 
icans have come to look upon President 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 

-. one of the greatest living rulers. He 
requently been compared to Bismarck, 

e w ho produced order out ol 

Washington, as one who saved a nation 
ruin, to Lincoln, as the emancipator of 

a race, and to Peter the I i wise ad- 

ministrator of public affairs. Because Mex- 
ico i-, a republic with a constitution similar 

to our own . it is our near neighbor, 

and final]) because we all rejoice to think 
as well of people as circumstances will al- 
low, we have taken these florid eulogies of 

1 al their face value, and have given 
slight attention to those. who have darkly 
en of skeletons in the Mexican closet. 

\\ hen tlie "American Magazine" an- 
nounced that it would publish a serii 
articles on "Barbarous Mexico" that would 
show up the inhumanity, corruption and 
tyranny of the Diaz rule, a very general pro- 
test went up from the American press 
against the effort to "muck rake" a neigh- 
boring friendly nation. "It is possible to 
pick Haws in any government," our people 
said, "and we had best keep our criticisms 
at home where they are most needed." 

But the very first article put a different 
face on the matter, for the charge against 
the Mexican government was one of general 
humanitarian interest, a primal crime 
against civilized society, slavery. It may 
have been mere peonage in the beginning, 
but if the "American's" accounts are true, it 
is now as atrocious a form of complete slav- 
ery as the world has ever known — worse, 
toy a large measure, than the African bond- 
age existing in this country before the civil 
war. The "American" articles are fortified 
by the names of people involved — enough 
for example — by photographs ; by fac- 
simile of documents, and by description of 
exact locations. They are not .vague nor 
general in their accusations, but definite and 
exact. 

The Mexican people, and the friends of 
the Mexican nation who live in this country 
should appreciate the seriousness of all this. 
Those articles will be read by 100,000 in- 
telligent Americans of the sort that rapidly 
make public sentiment in any country. 
These people find themselves — many of 
them quite against their will — forced into 
this dilemma : 

Either that the articles constitute an atro- 
cious falsehood. 

Or that Diaz, instead of being an en- 
lightened and capable ruler, is one of the 
meanest and most contemptible beings on 
the face of the earth, to be classed with 
Nicholas of Russia, Leopold, and the de- 
posed Sultan of Turkey. 

The articles read like truth, but if they 
are false the writer and publisher should 
be pilloried before the American people as 
liars and slanderers. 

If the articles are not true, it is easily with- 
in the power of the Mexican government to 
establish their falsity. Americans having 
business interests in Mexico have protested 
with great vehemence against the articles, 
although no one of standing has, so far as 
we are aware, actually denied their truth. 
There are a dozen ways in which these peo- 
ple could establish the facts to clear up the 
misunderstanding of our people — if it is a . 
misunderstanding. 

As the case stands now, Diaz is slowly 
slipping from iiis pedestal. L T niess some 
kind of an adequate answer is made to these 
charges, there will presently he a great 
crash, and Diaz the wonderful, suddenly be- 
comes Diaz the detestable. 



AND NO PITCH HOT 



A very general and intensely earnest de- 
mand is going up all over thi | that 

something be done about the prices of 

things going higher and higher. 

The labor leaders are announcing i 
their unions , are going to do about it. They 

are going to ask for higher wages, and if 
•,ln\ do not get them they will strike. 

fan you blame them? Come, now; the 
rise in prices is culling down your income. 
Il by combining with oth.-rs in your line of 
work you could get a raise of income to 
equalize your loss, would not you do it? 
Hut you are against all labor unions. O 
yes. Certainly; we all are; against the 
other fellow's union. 

"Iif we raise pay we must raise rates," 
say the railroads." "And we must raise 
prices," says the Steel Trust. These to- 
gether are the basis of all prices. 

But how about those of us that cannot 
work any form of cinch, no labor union, no 
combine, no gentleman's agreement, no 
pool, no trust? Where do we get off — just 
plain common people? What is going to 
happen to us with our poor little fixed sal- 
ary and our family to support? We have 
already cut and whittled at the butcher's 
bill and grocery bill until the children will 
scarcely touch the food and are getting thin 
and anemic. No new clothes for father or 
mother this year — and, my ! don't they look 
shabby! Have we actually got to give up 
the last hope of sending Will to college? 
Heartbreaking family talk of tihis sort is 
going on all over the Union. 

And yet old General Prosperity is right 
here. Look at the tremendous increase in 
business everywhere. They say that Mr. 
Pierpont Morgan, who has just acquired 
another string of banks and the Equitable 
Insurance treasury chest, was never better 
satisfied with the outlook. It is believed 
that at least a thousand new millionaires 
will be created, in the course of 1910. The 
increase in the tariff on woolen goods 
means one hundred and twenty millions a 
year more for the people to pay, and the 
trust gets it. That alone would make 120 
new millionaires. There's prosperity for 
you ! Let us ail be "'booslters" and rejoice. 
Who (but a crank or an insurgent could ob- 
ject? When we are comfortably fixed in 
bed with all the blankets wound around us, 
why does not the other fellow be still and 
go to sleep, instead of disturbing us with his 
shivering and teeth chattering " J Why, he 
is no better than an anarchist ! 

I! tit if Cannon had not saved up that mil- 
lion dollars out of his salary of $5000 a 
year, and if Aldrich's daughter had not mar- 
ried John D. Rockefeller, Jr., and if both 
these patriots were out earning a living as 
clerks at $100 a month with a family to 
support, would they be stand-pa'tters and 
tariff rakers and high-price-makers, or 
would they be insurgents and for an honest 
tariff that w'ould smoke the trust robbers 
out of their he'es? 

"The best tariff we ever had," says Mr. 
Taft. The nex 1 , question is, who is "we"? 



I )nc strong point about Uncle Joe Cannon 
is the judgment he uses in the distribution 
of his opposition. He has it scatter 
that most of it is outside the House of Rep- 
resentatives and the Eighteenth Illinois 
trict. — St. Paul Pioneer Press. 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



MUNICIPAL AFFAIRS 



l 7F HE DATA for this department is sup- 
*" plied from the statistical bureau of the 
Municipal League of Los Angeles, but 
neither that organization nor any other has 
any control over, or is in any way respon- 
sible for, the general policy of PACIFIC 
OUTLOOK. 



Wood Blocks for Street Railways: The 

street railways of New Orleans have been 
experimenting with prepared wood blocks 
in the place of granite, and claim that they 
are more durable and in every way more 
satisfactory. 

* * * 

Portland to Have a City Plan: The firm 
of Burnham and Bennett, city architects, 
who did the Chicago plan, will be asked by 
Portland, Oregon, to do a like service for 
that city. The sum of $20,000 which was 
asked for the work has been raised by sub- 
scription. 

Council of Citizens: Mayor Busse of Chi- 
cago has appointed a body of 350 citizens, 
including ex-officio the city council and the 
chief city, officers to form a general council 
on the so-called "Chicago plan," which is a 
tremendous scheme for the making over of 
Chicago politically, esthetically and com- 
mercially. 

4> <• * 

An Old Bridge: A Pennsylvania grand 
jury has condemned and ordered torn down 
a bridge near Bristol, which was built over 
200 years ago by the local authorities. One 
is moved to wonder how many of the 
bridges constructed in America by city and 
county authorities in the last SO years .will 
be in existence when the 200 year period is 
up. 

* * * 

Graft in Canadian City: It has been 
known for some years that Montreal was in 
the hands of a corrupt political gang that 
were looting the city government in every 
possible way. A report from the district 
court declares that the whole municipal 
fabric is rotten with graft and has been so 
for a considerable period. The report names 
14 individuals, of whom 11 are city officials, 
8 being aldermen, as guilty of specific acts 
of corruption. 

* * * 

Sanitary Garbage Carts : The city of Bos- 
ton is trying a new form of sanitary garbage 
cart, which consists of a steel wagon frame 
in which are fitted three 'metal tanks with 
tight fitting tops. As each of these tanks 
are filled they are locked shut, and on ar- 
riving at the railway station, or at the in- 
cinerator, they may be handled separately 
with greater ease than a huge wagon bed. 
When empty they may be moved by hand, 
and can be thoroughly washed out. This is 
certainly an improvement on the customary 
filthy wagon. 

* * * 

A Municipal Bakery: A peep into the fu- 
ture is given us in Budapest, Hungary, 
where, after many years of agitation, the 
city has constructed at a cost of $75,000 a 
public bakery. It is a three story building 
containing the latest and most improved 
machinery and operated with perfect sani- 



tation. When the workmen come in the 
morning they are put through a shower bath 
and given clean clothes to wear for the day. 
It is expected that the bakery will turn out 
120,000 pounds daily. Its prices which are 
about 25 per cent below those prevailing in 
the city are 5, 6, and 7 cents for each 2 1-5 
pound loaf of white, graham or brown 
bread. 

* * * 

Under Brewery Control: Mr. Topham's 
work in breaking up the control of saloons 
— which is a capitalizing of the city's limita- 
tion of saloon licenses — will cause him to 
be for long remembered as an active, fear- 
less memiber of the Police Commission. On 
the mere question of monopoly, oppression 
as between brewery and saloon keeper, the 
people are only indirectly concerned. Near- 
ly every line of trade is more or less held by 
combination of the lines above it. But this 
particular form of monopoly is created by 
the city. itself in the limitation of the num- 
ber of saloons, and it is abhorrent to fair 
play and to good citizenship that the brew- 
eries should get vast rake offs through the 
operation of this law. 

■fr * * 

Tom Johnson's' Fight: As Tom Johnson 
steps out of office as mayor of Cleveland, 
his long fight for 3 cent fare on street cars 
is won, although not in the exact form for 
which he had contended. The company is 
to get 3 cents and one cent additional for 
a transfer, and this arrangement is to con- 
tinue until it has been demonstrated that it 
will not pay 6 per cent on the genuine cap- 
italization of the road, which has been es- 
tablished by arbitration at something under 
$15,000,000. -If 3 cents will not pay, then a 
4 cent fare is to be allowed with one cent 
additional for transfer — seven tickets for 
25 cents which is 3 T / 2 cents. This sets a 
standard that will be followed in many 
cities. 

# t T 

Commission Government Satisfactory : 

The people of Dallas, Texas, are very well 
pleased with the results of the commission 
system of city government which was 
adopted several years ago. The Chamber 
of Commerce of that city has voted to pay 
the expenses of printing a pamphlet setting 
forth the views of citizens as to the success 
of the system. This pamphlet will be used 
to answer inquiries on the subject and also 
distributed as an advertisement of the prog- 
ress of the city. Here is one case of a 
chamber of commerce that believes good 
city "government to be a legitimate "boost" 
for the town. As a rule commercial bodies 
shy off all issues of that sort, fearful lest 
they may be accused of taking a hand in 

politics. 

♦ t t 

Such a State of Things: In Scranton, 
Mississippi, the city government had got- 
ten into such a hopeless condition that a 
mass meeting of citizens appointed a com- 
mittee to investigate, and the committee 
recommended that resignations be demanded 
from the mayor, council and all city offi- 
cers except the treasurer and the aldermen 
at large. The report says "We further 
recommend that, this mass meeting take 
such action as will give notice that hence- 
forth the people of the municipality will not 



tolerate in any branch of their public ser- 
vice men who are habitual drunkards, or 
gamblers, or their sympathizers, and that 
the day of the hoodlum and the blind tiger 
element is at an end, and that this determi- 
nation will be made good by more vigilant 
attention to municipal elections in the fu- 
ture." Evidently some kind of an "Our 
Set" of "Holier-than-Thou" people are tak- 
ing hold in Scranton. Next thing some of 
them will refuse to vote the machine ticket. 

* * * 

Club Licenses : - Council is considering 
various plans for the licensing of clubs, in 
order to shut out the illegitimate organiza- 
tions that are designed merely for the sale 
of liquor. Some time ago a suggestion was 
offered by the city attorney that might 
wisely be considered in this connection, viz., 
that club licenses be limited in number just 
as saloon licenses are now. Suppose, for 
example, council should satisfy itself as to 
the number of bona fide clubs in existence 
— ten or twelve, we believe — and should 
pass an ordinance authorizing the Police 
Commission to issue, say 15 permits. This 



Week of Jan. 17-22 
We Shall Feature 

Dining Furniture 




In no :lT;cr slock in the cily can be found 
the immense assortment and wide variety in 
dining room furniture that is offered at 
Barker Bros. In the Sunday papers — Ian. 
16 — we shall feature a number of unusual 
values. Our stock being entirely new, is 
made up of the very latest products — the 
handsomest styles of the present season, 
and this special sale will afford an oppor- 
tunity to secure some of the most recently 
brought out designs, at prices that cannot 
ordinarily be duplicated. 




Household and Office Furniture 

New Location 
724 to 732 So. Broadway 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



1 leave a small margin to be taken up 
new, bona fi<k come 

There would b< 
. of charging a larg 
[the monthly licens 

Id be paid, perhaps, by the 
-. like the Jonathan and California and 
. it would be a hardship on 
the smaller country clubs, and there is no 
n why the city should undertake to 
make ut of the - ;anizations. 

is plan, with a chai eater than 

■ I a month, the Police < !om i 
will have absolute control of the club sit- 
uation. If the clubs are charged the same 
5, and the number left unlimited, 
that merely means raising the limit of the 
number of saloons; but if the tax is low and 
the number limited, it is to the interest of 
ns and everybody else to see that 
ijthe privil abused. 

+ + + 

Result in Boston: The first election held 
in Boston under tlie new non-partisan ballot 
results in a partial defeat for the reform 
forces. The latter carried most of the coun- 
cil and the city ticket, but lost the mayor- 
alty by a narrow majority. Out of a total 
vote of over 95,000 Fitzgerald wins over 
Sturrow by 1,300, which is less than 2 per 
cent of difference. Fitzgerald represented 
the machine, the saloons, the tough element 
and the corporations that usually back the 
bad end of it in politics. Sturrow was es- 
sentially the nominee of the commercial ele- 
ment, having served for many years as 
director or president of various business 
organizations. Fitzgerald was an excep- 
tionally strong man of his kind and a fine 
campaigner. He has been in politics in Bos- 
ton from his boyhood, and is the idol of the 
Irish and labor population which has long 
been the dominant factor in Boston politics. 
It was not charged that Fitzgerald himself 
was a grafter, but it was proven that a great 
amount of grafting went on during his ad- 
ministration as mayor. About 2500 scatter- 
ing votes were cast in the election, which, 
had all other candidates than the two lead- 
ers been ruled out — as in the Los Angeles 
law — might have gone to the defeated can- 
didate and saved him. As the city council 
holds the purse strings, the situation in Bos- 
ton is much the same as it is in New York 
where a Tammany candidate was elected 
mayor, but the reform element controls 
council. Not for many years in Boston has 
the machine candidate for mayor come so 
close to defeat, showing that some progress 
is achieved. 

* * * 

A Bad Start: Mayor McCarthy of San 
Francisco took office on January 2nd, and 
all hope that was entertained — by people of 
highlv optimistic temperaments — that he 
might undergo some sort of a change of 
heart and give San Francisco a decent ad- 
ministration has been abandoned. Various 
committees of good citizens expressed their 
good will to him and offered to assist with 
counsel or in any other way that he might 
suggest. All such offers were treated with 
scant civility. He made it understood, just 
as he did in the campaign, that he proposed 
to run the city government very much after 
the Schmitz method — for the benefit of a 
class. He announced that he considered 
himself first of all President of the Building 
Trades Council and secondarily mayor of 
San Francisco. This means, of course, that 
he will use all the power of the mayor's 
I office to assist in strengthening and main- 
, taining certain labor unions no matter what 



may be the law and the best interest k<[ the 
whole city. All this, of course, was to be 

expected, lie has sent in the names of his 

chief advisors and the men who are to till 

the executive commissions. They also are 

might have been expected — partisans 

of his own type, men of no social or busi- 

standing, people of about the same sort 

that went into Ruef's Board of Supervisors. 

The outlook for graft, maladministration, 

labor trouble- and a wild org) of dissipa- 
tion and crime in San Francisco was never 
better. However, that is what the people 
of that city want, (inly about one-third of 
the .McCarthy vote came from union labor 
— the rest was equally saloon and Repub- 
lican machine. It was the price paid to let 
Calhoun and the "higher-ups" go free. 
+ * * 

Park Commission: The mayor has ap- 
pointed to his Park Commission, Judge 
Charles Silent, H. \Y. O'Melveny and J. B. 
Lippincott, who, together with the Mayor 
himself and C. H. Randall, who will remain 
from the old board, will make up the five. 
The city is to be congratulated on these ap- 
pointments. They are ideal. We question 
whether there is in the city any man in 
whom the artistic sense with respect to 
landscape possibilities is so highly developed 
as it is in Judge Charles Silent. Every one 
knows the beauty of Chester Place which 
was planned by Judge Silent, and largely 
through his persistent attention to detail 
was brought to its present unique beauty ; 
but only a few — comparatively — have seen 
the Judge's own country place among the 
foothills of Glendora, which is one of the 
most exquisite pieces of park work to be 
found in the United States. The beautiful 
entrance to Elysian Park at the Fremont 
Gate was largely the work of Judge Silent, 
and in that case he contributed not only the 
good taste but also the financial energy that 
went into the enterprise, for he took charge 
of the raising of the money that found work 
for the unemployed in the sad years of 1897 
and 1898 and that opened Elysian Park to 
the use of the people. Judge Silent's thous- 
ands of friends and admirers will hail with 
gratification his return to public service. 
Henry VV. O'Melveny, besides being one of 
the ablest lawyers of the state, is an expert 
on trees, plants and flowers. His services 
on the Park Board will be of inestimable 
•value. J. B. Lippincott's appointment was 
in the nature of a surprise, as he is now an 
engineer on the aqueduct, second in com- 
mand to Mr. Mulholland. The Park Board, 
however, needs an engineer in its consulta- 
tions, and there is no reason why he should 
not give a fraction of his time to this work. 
Mr. Lippincott belongs to the new order of 
those who love the things of out-of-doors. 
He has, like O'Melveny and Silent, wide 
knowledge of all that grows. Names like 
these and that of W. C. Patterson, whom 
the Mayor has just appointed to the Library 
Board, form an agreeable contrast to the 
wretched list that was given us at the be- 
ginning of the Harper administration — all 
the difference between a Mayor that serves 
the people for their best interest, and a 
Mayor that regards the office as a personal 
snap. 

PRESS COMMENT 

The pension rolls lost 51,581 names dur- 
ing the last fiscal year, but the next Con- 
gress will set- that these vacancies are filled. 
— Houston Prist. 



ling in Nov( 
St. Paul Pioneer Press. 



Mr. Cannon would be a pleasantly pic- 
turesque old man if it W 
that Congress has important work to do. - 

tgo Xews. 



If Mr. Morgan is made stakeholder for 
the Jeffries-Johnson fight he will have con- 
trol of all the money in the world.- Phila- 
delphia North American. 



All the leaders of Congress are reported 
to be in favor of economy. Nevertheless, 
economy is one of those things which every- 
one favors in the abstract, but finds awk- 
ward in the concrete. — New York Tribune. 



To Whom It May Concern: Public no- 
tice is hereby given that the undersigned 
have resumed business at their old stand. 
Cannon, Aldrich & Co. — Woman's National 

Daily. 



Mr. Taft bewails the limitations which 
have been set about the authority of the 
President. It was not noticed that his pre- 
decessor was hampered by these limitations. 
— Rochester Herald. 



— V^Sf 4 ^*- 



So.Bkoadwav <=>W<ggjjS?p« So.Hiu. Strsst 
A. PUSENOT CO. 

Clearance Sale 

Prices on 

Oriental Rugs 
$22.00 

Original Values to $40.00 

Tn the following weaves: 

Serabend, Iran, Mosul, 
Baloochistan, Daghestan 

Average Size, 3x7 Feet 

Such a great concession in price will 
certainly be of great interest to those con- 
templating the purchase of a real Oriental 
rug. 



An Arkansas Democrat predicts the end 
of the world in November, 1912. That's a 



HIGH CLASS INVESTMENTS 



MINES So FARISH 

REAL ESTATE AGENTS 



atM.m*.^<;mi 



RESIDENT AND BUSINESS PROPERTIES 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



"Taking Care" of Municipal Labor — 
a Cost Example from Boston 



An acutely interesting feature of 
the current municipal contest in Bos- 
ton is the problem of how far the 
choice of a mayor under the reform 
charter will be determined 'by the city 
employes' votes, plus such other rotes 
as these employes may be able to in- 
fluence. A conservative estimate of 
20,000 votes out of a total of about 
85.000- that may be directed in this 
way by the beneficiaries of former 
wasteful city administrations shows 
the political peril that may attach to 
the disposition of the "ins" to "take 
care" of the maximum labor force in 
every city department, without re- 
gard to the city's actual need of the 
full force. 

A striking example of the dollars 
and cents cost to the tax-payer of 
maintaining this political peril to his 
own welfare is given in the report of 
the Finance Commission's engineer- 
ing experts, Messrs. Metcalf and Ed- 
dy, on the cost of hydrant mainten- 
ance in winter. The situation they 
disclose in Boston has its counter- 
part in many other cities, which may 
not know as definitely as Boston now 
knows, what is the matter with them. 

Since it became customary, a few 
years ago, to keep the whole labor 



force of the Water Department 
throughout the winter, maintaining it 
at all times at its full strength, it has 
been the practice to employ a large 
number of men upon the inspection 
and care of fire hydrants during the 
winter months. During the season 
from November 15, 1906, to March 15, 
1907, $19,643.27 was charged as the 
labor cost of hydrant maintenance. 

Officials of the department say 
frankly that this item should not be 
taken as representing the cost of care 
needed by the hydrants during the 
winter season, but that, since the la- 
bor force is to 'be kept intact through- 
out the winter, and it is necessary for 
them to have. something for the men 
to do, they have utilized a large num- 
ber of them in taking care of the fire 
hydrants, devoting much more time 
to this item than they would consider 
really necessary. 

The table shows the cost of hydrant 
maintenance in winter in Boston and 
in neighboring cities, from the best 
information available, giving not only 
the estimated total cost, but also the 
cost per hydrant. The figure for Bos- 
ton represents, of course, the actual 
cost as charged upon the books of 
the department, and amounts to $2.53 
per hydrant. 



Cost of Hydrant Maintenance in Winter in Boston and in Other Cities 

Estimated Number of Cost per 

City Cost Hydrants. Hydrant. 

Boston :$19,643.27. 7,772 $2.53 

Cambridge 2,496.00 1,046 2.39 

Chelsea 468.00 319 1.47 

Worcester 2,574.00 2,012' 1.28 

Brookline 702.00 645 1.09 

Lowell 806.00 1,272 .63 

Newton .* 234.00 976 .24 

Somerville 1,067 .... 

New Bedford 1,105. 



While the cost per hydrant in Bos- 
ton does not materially exceed that 
given in the table for Cambridge, it is 
much higher than that for any of the 
other cities; and it is extremely prob- 
able that the figure tabulated as the 
cost in Cambridge is considerably 
higher than the real cost, It would 
appear, in a general way, as though 
the cost of labor for hydrant inspec- 
tion and care in Boston is a'bout 
double the average cost of such work 
in other Massachusetts cities from 
which we have information; but we 
have no evidence to show that this 
work even in the other cities is rea- 



sonably economical. The cost in 
Newton would indicate that reduction 
might be made in the cost of this 
work in several of the other cities. 

The reason for this excessive cost 
is obviously found in the custom of 
keeping the entire force throughout 
the winter. 

Metcalf and Eddy see no sufficient 
reason for the continuance of this cus- 
tom, and recommend that, as far as 
possible, the labor force be reduced 
during the winter to such an extent 
that it may not be necessary to as- 
sign men to hydrant maintenance 
merely for the sake of giving them 
something to do. 



AN APPRECIATION FROM WIS- 
CONSIN 



The Pacific Outlook, of Los An- 
geles, is in its seventh volume. This 
fearless weekly deals with the mu- 
nicipal happenings of Los Angeles and 
the coast. • The fact that it is a pri- 
vate journal and not supported by the 
city has not prevented it from doing 
much good in the far western cities. 



While its field is principally Los An- 
geles, its circulation gives it a wider 
range of influence. — From "Reporters 
for the People," by Don E. Mowry, 
in La Follette's. 



"How did you enjoy the musicale?" 
"Oh, I applauded at the wrong time, 
as usual. Thought the orchestra tun- 
ing up was a classical number." — 
Kansas City Journal. 




REACTIONARY VIEW OF TAFT 



The above cartoon from the Los 
Angeles Times of January 11th aptly 
illustrates the regard and admiration 
in which the President is now held by 
the stand-pat and Tory element of the 
Republican party. The cartoonist did 
not quite venture to put words like 
"Insurgent" or "Progressive" on the 
dogs at Taft's feet, but that is what 
the cartoon means, if it has any 
meaning at all. The Hitchcock-Taft- 
Cannon idea seems to be that if the 
postofnees and other forms of local 
patronage are taken away from the in- 
surgents, they will all creep to heel 
like whipped dogs. This is exactly 
the point of view that would fit in 
with the reactionary and machine 



conception of politics. In the general 
indictment against- President Taft 
that is slowly formulating in the 
minds of the American voters — who 
judge presidents bf the issue of 
whether they stand for the people or 
for the special interests — one of the 
foremost counts against him is the 
adoration he has suddenly come to re- 
ceive from the reactionary machine 
and special interest newspapers. This 
coupled with the desertion of his ser- 
vice by a man like Pinchot is likely 
to put an end to the long suspension 
of judgment that the followers of 
Roosevelt have maintained and to 
write Mr. Taft's name in the wrong 
list of chief magistrates. 



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PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



Galveston's Commission Form of 
City Government 



History of Efforts to Secure Better 
Methods in Management of Muni- 
cipal Affairs — Practical Work- 
ings and Details Shown. 



By E. R. Cheesborough 
m, Texas) 



In 1906, at the earnest r 

sine -•.ii t 
Kibbe Turner to Galvi 

■ to make a complete 
nmission plan of city 
nment, adopted in 1901. Mr. 
Turner's article, a striking story, was 
published in the October. 1906. nuni- 
izine. When he was 
about to leave the city, the writer 
Mr Turner what his con- 
clusions were. His answer in sub- 
stance was as follows: "The Galves- 
ton plan is a splendid one; the plan is 
superior to the men in office. While 
your mayor -president and commis- 
sioners are excellent nun, are capable 
and attend strictly to business, there 
is really but one exceptionally strong 
man in the board. In brief, 1 think 
that the plan itself i- largely respon- 
sible for the splendid showing made 
y your city government. 
"There is another point I wish to 
ention." said Mr. Turner, "and that 
is that my investigation into the char- 
acter of the population of your city 
discloses the fact that you have a 
very large number of laborers resid- 
ing here. One-fourth of these are 
negroes, and a large number of the 
remainder are foreign-born. You 
have a large number of saloons, and 
saloons usually participate in politics. 
I also find that there are a large num- 
ber of merchants ,^nd bankers in Gal- 
on, but the middle class, the back- 
bone of every community, is the 
smallest in proportion to your popu- 
lation, of any city that I have yet 
visited. 

"Now, if under this condition Gal- 
veston can produce and maintain an 
ideal system of city government, then 
any other city in America, by adopt- 
ing the Galveston plan, can do like- 
wise." 

A Glance Backward 
The history of city government in 
Galveston prior to the adoption of the 
commission plan would be but a repe- 
tition of the history of city govern- 
ment in other cities — good, bad and 
indifferent. Originally Galveston was 
governed by a mayor elected by the 
votes of the entire city, and twelve 
aldermen elected by the respective 
voters of each of the twelve city wards 
This was a very unsatisfactory plan, 
and it was changed by an act of the 
slate legislature, calling for sixteen 
aldermen — four elected at large and 
twelve by wards. Four years of this 
system demonstrated that as an im- 
provement it was a rank failure. The 
number was reduced back to twelve, 
and like the mayor they were elected 
at large by the entire vote of the peo- 
ple. This was an improvement, but 
still unsatisfactory. The annual bud- 
gets during the last few years under 
the aldermen system regularly exceed- 
ed the income and produced an annual 
deficit of $100,000. Every two years 
the legislature was asked for author- 
ity to issue $200,000 in floating indebt- 
edness bonds, to meet this overex- 
penditure. As city taxes were not due 
until October, the city borrowed reg- 
ularly from $50,000 to $100,000 to tide 
over the summer months. The city 
it surer received a salary of but 
*1T0 per annum, but he had the hand- 
ling of all the city's funds, aggregat- 
ing quite a large sum. and the city re- 
feived no interest thereon. So far as 



the « ; late of its 

incorporation. March. 1839, seventy 

Galveston has never had a dis- 

itS mayor. 
-t trouble has "been wilti 

■ of aldermen, their political 
jugglery, their caucuses and their 

On Sept. 8, 1900, the great storm 
struck Galveston. At that tint, 
city was practically bankrupt. It had 
defaulted in ihe payment of in, 

on its bonded indebtedness. Scrip 
salable only at a big discount wa 

ssued t" meet current hills. The 
city hall, fire engine-houses. watcr- 
. and 'he public build- 
oro in ruins and the wooden 
street pavement in a most de- 
plorable condition. According to the 
city auditor's report, the floating debt 
of the city on Jan. 1. 1901, was $204,- 
974.54. Factional strife, jealousy and 
dissensions prevailed in the city coun- 
cil. Many disgusted taxpayers were 
refusing to pay their taxes, which 
only tended, to aggravate matters. A 
grave situation confronted the city. 
The people realized beyond any pos- 
sible doubt that in order to restore 
confidence and to make Galveston a 
safe place to reside, that prompt steps 
looking to the protection of the city 
against possible danger to life and 
property from storms and hurricanes, 
were absolutely necessary. 

Under the state law no city or coun- 
ty bond can be sold or disposed of by 
any city or county at less than par. 
The outlook for Galveston was dark. 
It was indeed face to face with a 
question of civic life and death. 
Origin of the Commission Plan 
There is in the city of Galveston a 
business organization known as the 
Galveston Deep Water Committee, 
wdiose members have directly and in- 
directly accomplished more for the 
welfare of Galveston than the unor- 
ganized efforts of the balance of the 
citizenship combined. While it may 
not be generally known, nevertheless 
it is true, the Galveston commission 
form of city government is due en- 
tirely to the efforts of members of 
that organization. The campaign of 
education which resulted in the plat- 
form demand for state aid in the 
grade-raising work was also con- 
ducted under the direction of this or- 
ganization. Subsequent to the pass- 
age of the grade-raising act, it also 
recommended to the governor the ap- 
pointment of the personnel of the 
grade-raising board, and also aided in 
a great measure the movement which 
resulted in the United States govern- 
ment's extension of the seawall. Mr. 
George Sealy, then universally recog- 
nized as the leading citizen of Gal- 
veston, a banker and a man of great 
personal popularity, was chairman of 
the Deep Water Committee in the lat- 
ter part of 1900, when that organiza- 
tion decided to take a hand in the up-. 
building and restoration of Galveston, 
and was especially active in the in- 
auguration and carrying out of the 
many comprehensive and far-reaching 
plans then outlined for the upbuilding 
and restoration of Galveston. 

After the storm of 1900, it was sug- 
gested that the first step necessary to 
a complete rehabilitation of Galves- 
ton, was a thorough reorganization of 
the city government. It was seen and 
understood, as every keen observer 
knows, that an efficient city govern- 
ment encourages the peonle. stimu- 
lates them to activity, invites canital 
and creates prosperity. The Deep 
Water Committee, therefore, decided 
that there was an imperative neces- 
sity that the charter of the city be 
completely overhauled and application 
should be made to the state legisla- 




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ture for a new charter along broader 
and better lines, and that some ac- 
tion should be taken looking to a 
compromise with the holders of the 
city's bonds, as to the interest on the 
outstanding bonds for a period of 
five years. 

Mr. R. Waverley Smith, president 
of the First National bank of Galves- 
ton, a lawyer by training, and who, 
for four years prior to that time had 
held the office of city attorney, and 
who was a member of the Deep 
Water Committee, and now its chair- 
man, suggested the appointment of a 
committee from that organization to 
thoroughly revise and rewrite the 
city charter. Accordingly a subcom- 
mittee of three from said organization 
was appointed, consisting of Mr. 
Smith, Col. Walter Gresham, a law- 
yer and a former member of con- 
gress, and Mr. F. D. Minor, a lawyer 
of high character and splendid ability. 
This subcommittee procured copies of 
the charters of a number of cities, in- 
cluding the law governing the city of 
Washington, D. C; a copy of the act 
creating the taxing commission for 
Memphis, Tenn., after the great yel- 
low' fever epidemic of 1878, and a 
cony of the so-called model charter 
of Baltimore, Md. 

The commission features of the 
new charter were suggested and 
drawn by Mr. Smith, and the controll- 
ing idea was the creation of a govern- 
ing body which should conform, as 
near as possible, to the organization of 
a great business corporation, provid- 
ing the duties, sharply defining the re- 
sponsibilities, and through the heads 
of the various departments, concen- 
trating both power and responsibility. 
* * * * 

The passage of the Commission 
Charter bill through the legislature 
was accomplished only after a long 
and bitter fis?ht. As a two-thirds vote 
in favor of the bill was not secured, it 
did not go into active operation until 
90 days after the legislature ad- 
journed. It was just 12 months after 
the great storm of Sept. 8. 1900. be- 
fore the city government rassed into 
tl-e hands of the board of citv com- 
missioners, the new charter becom- 
ing effective Sept. 18, 1901. 



The Commission Plan Before the 
Courts 

When the commission charter was 
first presented to the legislature, it 
provided for the appointment of the 
mayor-president and four commis- 
sioners by the governor of the state. 
This appointive feature was opposed 
on the ground that it deprived the 
people of the right of self-govern- 
ment. As a compromise the 'bill was 
amended so that three would be ap- 
pointed and two elected by popular 
vote. 

The city government under the 
commission charter continued for a 
period of 20 months. The constitu- 
tionality of the bill, by reason of its 
appointive feature, was attacked 
through an arrest made for violating 
a city ordinance. An appeal was 
taken to the court of criminal ap- 
peals, which is the chief tribunal of 
Texas in criminal matters, and the 
law declared unconstitutional by said 
court, by a vote of two to one, there 
being three members of the court. 
About this same time, but shortly 
thereafter, the same question was pre- 
sented to the supreme court of the 
state in a civil suit, and this court 
decided in an able opinion that the 
commission law was valid and legal, 
and that the legislature had the right 
to delegate to the governor the 
power to make the appointments. 
The legal jurisdiction in Texas 
is peculiar. The supreme court 
is supreme in civil matters, and the 
court of criminal appeals is supreme 
in criminal matters. There is nobody 
to judge between them. Consequent- 
ly-, should the supreme court on a 
civil case decide differently to the 
criminal court of appeals in a crim- 
inal case, there would be no way of 
harmonizing the difference. 

At the time the court decided the 
commission charter unconstitutional 
because of its appointive feature, the 
legislature then in session, was about 
Ijourn. Judge J. Z. Ff. Scott, then 
citv attorney, a Imyer of splendid 
ability, went to the - d and 

under great rote the en- 

tire charter, providing for the election 
of all five of the members of the city 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



commission, and had it re-enacted. 
The mayor-president and four com- 
missioners were then promptly and 
overwhelmingly elected by the peo- 

Galveston Plan in Brief 

Mr. Henry B. F. Macfarland, the 
president of the board of commis- 
sioners of the District of Columbia, 
w r hich manages the affairs of the city 
of 'Washington, in an address before 
the Canadian Club of Montreal, made 
the following statement: 

"The Galveston form of govern- 
ment forced on the Texas city by the 
exigencies of the great flood, most 
nearly resembles that of the District 
of Columbia, while the latest, that of 
Des Moines, Iowa, differs in form at 
least most of all, since it proposes 
the full operation of what are known 
as the initiative, the referendum and 
recall." 

It has been suggested that a proper 
term for the commission plan would 
be "Board of Municipal Directors" in- 
stead" of Board of City Commission- 
ers, as the term commissioners is 
somewhat confusing. 

The city commission is simply a 
board of directors, elected at large by 
the qualified voters of the entire city 
every two years. This board is com- 
posed of five practical business men, 
each fully recognizing the fact that 
economy and business methods, not 
politics, should be employed in trans- 
acting the business affairs of the city. 

The business that is being directed 
by these five men, as agents for the 
citizens of Galveston, can be briefly 
summarized as follows: Furnishing 
the people with pure wholesome 
water, adequate sewerage, efficient 
police and fire protection, well lighted, 
clean and well paved streets, drain- 
age, sanitation, public hospital for the 
sick and a careful management of the 
city finances. 

This form of city government 
recognizes the fact that the city must 
be administered and looked after as a 
whole, and that it is not divided into 
units or wards. It holds the interest 
and the attention of the citizens and 
encourages good men to enter the 
city government. 

The strongest feature of the com- 
mission plan of city government is 
its perfect simplicity, its directness 
and in limiting the number of those 
directly charged with the management 
of the city's affairs and in fixing or in 
the centralization of responsibility. 

Under the commission plan the 
mismanagement of a department is 
promptly laid at the door of the neg- 
lectful commissioner, not only by the 
general public, but by the mayor- 
president and the other members of 
the board. This knowledge of per- 
sonal responsibility and watchfulness 
causes each commisioner to take a 
personal interest and to feel a special 
pride in the proper management of 
his department, realizing as he must 
that the merit as well as defects are 
easily recognized by his associates, 
as well as by the public generally. 

The mayor and commissioners are 
directors in the full meaning of the 
term.^ The detail work is done by the 
superintendents, heads of depart- 
ments and clerks. 

Four City Departments 

The business of the city is divided 
into four departments, each depart- 
ment being under the- charge and di- 
rection of a commissioner. These 
four commissioners and the mayor, 
collectively, constitute what is termed 
the "Board of Commissioners of the 
city of Galveston." The mayor is 
the president of the board and the 
executive head of the city govern- 
ment. He has all of the rights, 
powers and duties conferred upon the 
office of mayor by the constitution 
and laws of the state, has the right 
to vote upon all questions, but has no 
veto power. Majority rule always 
prevails. 

The commissioners at the first 
meeting after their election or as soon 



thereafter as possible, by a majority 
vote, designate from among their 
members one commissioner who shall 
be known as "commissioner of fin- 
ance and revenue," and under whose 
direction is placed the offices of the 
city assessor and collector, the city 
treasurer and city auditor. He is also 
charged with the duty of examining 
into and keeping informed as to the 
finances of the city, and with the ad- 
vice and assistance of the other mem- 
bers of the board he prepares the an- 
nual budget of the city. Great care 
is exercised in preparing the city 
budget and it is never exceeded in ex- 
penditures. 

Another commissioner is designated 
"commissioner of waterworks and 
sewerage." He has under his special 
charge the construction, maintenance 
and operation of the wate-rworks and 
sewer systems departments. The su- 
perintendents of these two depart- 
ments and the joint secretary and all 
employes are under the direction of 
this commissioner. 

Another commissioner is designated 
"commissioner of streets and public 
property." He has under his special 
charge the supervision of all matters 
relating to the streets, alleys and 
properties belonging to the city, and 
is charged with the duty of lighting 
the streets, looking after street- 
cleaning and sanitation, the supervis- 
ion of street paving, construction of 
drains, and seeing that the conditions 
of the grant of public franchises are 
complied with. 

The city engineer and his assistants, 
city health physician, superintendent 
of drays, health inspectors, city sex- 
ton, sidewalk inspector and all em- 
ployes in these departments are un- 
der the direction of this commis- 
sioner. Bids must 'be advertised for 
in every instance where the expendi- 
ture exceeds $500 and no bonds can 
be issued without a favorable vote of 
the taxpayers. 

The other, and fourth commis- 
sioner, is designated "police and fire 
commissioner." He has under his 
special charge the enforcement of all 
police regulations and the general 
supervision over the police and fire 
departments. The chief of police, po- 
lice officers, chief of fire department 
and firemen and the judge and clerk 
of the corporation court are under 
the direction of this commissioner. 

The city secretary and city attor- 
ney are offices with which the mayor- 
president is closely associated and are 
usually nominated 'by him. All offi- 
cers and employes are nominated by 
the commissioners in charge of the 
respective departments and are elected 
by a majority vote of the entire 
board. 

The mayor or any commissioner 
can be removed from office for offi- 
cial misconduct, drunkenness or in- 
competency upon approved charge 
made before a district judge. 
Meetings of Board 
The city charter requires that the 
board shall meet in regular session 
at least once every week. These 
meetings take place every Thursday 
afternoon at 6 o'clock. These meet- 
ings are conducted in a dignified, 
businesslike manner, and are free 
from wrangling, disputes and con- 
fusion. The commissioners sit 
around a directors' table, the mayor 
presiding. The city attorney and the 
heads of the various departments are 
required by the city charter to attend 
all meetings of the board. But little 
speech-making is indulged in, and -the 
presence of idle spectators is an ex- 
ception rather than the rule. Busi- 
ness is transacted promptly, but with- 
out any undue haste. All important 
matters are discussed and differences 
adjusted in conference. The city at- 
torney has great influence with the 
commissioners, and his advice is free- 
ly sought. 
."Too many cooks spoil the broth," 
is an old saying, which can well- be 
applied to a board of twelve or six- 
teen aldermen. In Galveston it has 



ibeen clearly proved that four com- 
missioners and a mayor, or a presi- 
dent, can transact the business of six- 
teen aldermen and a mayor, ai[d do it 
better, more expeditiously and with 
greater harmony. 

What Was Accomplished 

What the present board has accom- 
plished for the city, under the most 
adverse circumstances, has indeed 
been wonderful. The total floating 
debt of the city has been entirely 
paid. They secured and paid for the 
services of a board of three eminent 
engineers which resulted in devising 
plans for the great seawall and rais- 
ing the grade of the city, which have 
been completed at a total cost to the 
city and county jointly of more than 
$4,000,000; they rebuilt the city hall; 
rebuilt the water works pumping sta- 
tion; extended the water system; built 
three engine houses; repaired the dif- 
ferent engine houses over the city 
damaged by the storm; repaved with 
brick the streets throughout the en- 
tire business section at a cost to the 
city of $183,027.07; built rock and 
shell roads at a cost of $181,064.04; 
provided a large amount of drainage 
at a cost of $245,664.47; extended the 
sewer system and adjusted the ques- 
tion of interest on the bonded debt 
by obtaining a reduction in the rate 
for a period of five years. Alto- 
gether $609,755.58 has been expended 
out of the general fund for paving, 
shell roads and drains, with the ex- 
ception of $48,088.07 which was ob- 
tained from sale of bonds. The city 
has also paid off a number of old 
judgments, inherited from former ad- 
ministrations, aggregating $18,026.65 
and retired $462,000.00 of the bonded 
debt; has purchased new fire engines 
and other equipment. The city em- 
ployes ha l ve been paid promptly in 
cash and the summer seasons passed 
through without borrowing a dollar. 
All this has been accomplished with- 
out a bond issue or a dollar of in- 
creased taxation, excepting the bonds 
issued for protective purposes. 

The city collects interest on bank 
balances from bonded depositories. 
Collects a special vehicle tax, which 
goes to the street improvement fund, 
enforces sewer connections, has 
metered the city's water service, has 
cleared the sidewalks of fruit stands 
and other obstructions, which have 
occupied them for years; has prose- 
cuted to a finish all outstanding law- 
suits, collects taxes promptly, has de- 
stroyed the policy evil and public 
gambling and adopted an ordinance 
districting Ibarrooms out of the resi- 
dence section. 

In securing the services of heads 
■of departments and employes the 
commissioners have completely 
ignored political influence. ' Capacity 
and fitness alone have been con- 
sidered. 'Each commissioner has 
taken a deep personal interest and a 
pride in the success of his depart- 
ment. 

Salaries 

The mayor president receives a sal- 
ary of $2000 per annum and each of 
the commissioners $1200 per annum. 

Heads of Departments 
. The salaries paid to the heads of 
city departments are as follows: 
Assessor and collector $1,800 



Chief of" fire department .... 1,800 

Asst. chief of fire department.... 1,200 
Secretary water works and sewer 

departments 1,500 

Health physician 1,500 

City secretary 1,500 

City auditor 1,500 

Chief of Police 1,500 

City engineer -. . . 1,500 

Assistant city engineer ........ 1,080 

Judge of city court . . . , 1,200 

City treasurer 1,200 

Harbor master 1,000 

City attorney 1,200 

City sexton 1,000 

The city also has a large number 
of employes on its pay rolls, receiv- 
ing $1000 per annum and less. The 
city attorney and city engineer are 
the only employes of the city receiv- 
ing fees. No extravagant salaries are 
paid 'by the city; there is not an over- 
paid man on the pay rolls, and all 
seem well satisfied. The city's sys- 
tem of bookkeeping and accounting 
is in keeping with the commission 
plan itself. No city in America has 
a better system. Tlie city hall is a 
business office and not a loafing place 
for politicians. The press of the city 
publish in detail all that transpires at 
the weekly meetings of the city 



Christian Science Services 

Second Church of Christ Sci- 
entist— Ebell Hall, 18th and Fi- 
gueroa streets. 

Third Church of Christ Sci- 
entist—Simpson Auditorium, 734 
S. Hope Street. Services Sun- 
day 11 a. m. and 8 p. m. Ser- 
mon from the Christian Science 
Quarterly. Subject: 

"LIFE" 

Children's Sunday School 
9:30 a. m. Wednesday evening 
meetings at 8 o'clock. Reading 
Rooms, 704 Herman W. 
Hellman Bldg., Spring and 
Fourth streets, open daily, Sun- 
days excepted, from 9 a. m. to 
9 p. m. 



$3 



CASH Puts a 
Piano in Your 
Home : : : 



During our Great Remodeling and 
Removal Clearance Sale, Prices 
Radically Reduced. Every Piano 
must find a home at once. Well 
arrange terms to suit. $3 CASH 
secures the Piano you prefer. 
Look Into This QUICK! 

Lucore Piano Co. 

7th and Hope 



Opp. P. 0. Block 



Any Suit or Overcoat in the House 

$11.75 

NOTHING RESERVED 

W. HUNTER & CO., 525 S. Spring 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



helpful from an 

Bonds 

for 

nee the ad- 
c city 

dircc- 

l r or 

cross the 

idditional brick 

shell roads, and 

'W.OOO. 

ce of these bonds was au- 

. cd by popular vote April 25, 

Government Ownership 

its own waterworks, 
re than a million and a 
owns its own sewer 
trie light plant. 
All three give general satisfaction, 
ity also maintains a very effi- 
and well equipped fire depart- 
ment. 

Galveston Plan With Improvements 
Added 
re can be no question about the 
propriety of cities in 
adopting the commission plan to 
frame their charters to suit local con- 
ditions. 

There are some so-called improve- 
ments, however, which the writer be- 
■ decidedly injurious, the most 
serious of which is the provisor re- 
quiring that the mayor and commis- 
sioners must give their entire time to 
lusiness of the city. This sounds 
well and at first is catchy, but serious 
reflection will show it to be very un- 
A successful business man. the 
kind we should place in charge of the 
business of our city, will at once lose 
dentity and standing in the busi- 
world. when he accepts office 
upon such terms, and this fact will 
prevent men of breadth and personal 
ess from being secured; in fact, 
services will be actually pro- 
hibited by such a provision being 
placed in the city charter. To apply 
such a provision to the Galveston 
charter would absolutely deprive this 
city of the services of every member 
of the present board. 
Recall 
The recall feature, especially where 
percentage is low. and there is a 
cosmopolitan population, is a two- 
edged sword and subject to improper 
n -c. and is more of an injury to the 
commission plan than a benefit. This 
was proved in the city of Fort Worth, 
where an attempt was made through 
petition to force the police commis- 
ipr to stand for reelection by an 
lent that he had offended through 
the performance of his sworn duty. 
The state statute contains ample 
ision for the removal o_f incom- 
petent or corrupt public officials. The 
recall is not necessary and only tends 
to complicate. Business men will not 
hold public office where they are 
liable to be called upon to go through 
<iik or more extra campaigns during 
■i -inpje term. It is very difficult at 
best to induce competent business 
men to run for office. * * * 
Public School System 
Salveston is an independent school 
district. The school board is com- 
posed of seven trustees, the very best 
men in our city, who are elected by a 
direct vote of the people at special 
elections, three one year and four the 
ni The office pays no salary. The 

city government makes the tax levy 
ami collects the taxes, turning the 
money over to the school treasurer, 
lint it has no other connection with 
the schools. 

The separation of the schools from 
the city government was a wise 
measure, with the result that politics 
with all of its disturbing influences 
has been kept out of their manage- 
ment and administration. Besides he- 
ir economical and progressive, our 
scnool system is looked upon as a 
model throughout the state. * * * 
Force of Public Opinion 
The commission plan of city gov- 



ernment is not a panacea for all muni- 
it an insurance 

-t bad government. It is an im- 

.1 magnificent success, 

but i: does not relieve the people 

the responsibilities of sclf-gov- 
ernn. 

problem of municipal govern- 
ment after all is the problem of good 
citizenship. If the citizens take no in- 
in their municipal government 
and have no feeling of patriotism or 
pride in its success, the commi 

or for that matter any other 
plan, will prove a failure. 

It must be remembered that with a 
commission or any other plan of gov- 
ernment the question of men and cit- 
izenship is highly important. No 
plan ever devised will successfully 
run itself. Patient labor, personal 
sacrifice and self-denial is the price 
of good government. If the people 
and the public press demand a high 

■ if public servants and will pay 
the price, they will get them, but if 
civic pride among the people runs 
low and but little interest is taken in 
municipal affairs, a poor assortment 
of officeholders is bound to result. 
+ * + 

A GREAT ASSET 

Of all the factors that have con- 
tributed to the advancement of Los 
Angeles to real greatness none has 
been of more persistent value than 
the Municipal league. From the time 
of its organization to this day it has 
been active, ceaselessly vigilant, 
courageous and intensely patriotic. It 
has been unselfishly devoted to the 
real welfare of this town, and it has 
fought hard for it. 

To the Municipal league alone is 
due the fact that Los Angeles owns 
its riverbed today. That valuable 
property, destined to become the 
most important artery of the com- 
merce of the town in the years to 
come, was bestowed as a gift to pri- 
vate interests by a council faithless to 
its trust. Even then its money value 
was estimated at a million. Com- 
pelled thereto by the activity where- 
with the Municipal league prepared to 
invoke the machinery of the referen- 
dum and the recall, the council was 
obliged to retreat its scandalous ac- 
tion. 

The Municipal league saved the 
riverbed to Los Angeles. It was with 
that attempted despoilment in remem- 
brance that the league procured the 
adoption of a charter amendment 
making the alienation ofthat valu- 
able property, and other utilities, prac- 
tically impossible. 

The president of the league, J. Q. 
Koepfli, has guided its activities with 
an intelligence as keen as his resolu- 
tion was persistent and his courage 
enduring. He has set before the peo- 
- pie of Los Angeles an example of ac- 
tive patriotism of inestimable value. 
In his arduous labor he has been ably 
seconded by C. D. iWillard, long the 
league's secretary, who has for years 
generously rendered devoted service 
to the cause of good government. 
Compelled by ill health reluctantly to 
give over some of the tasks he so 
long and so faithfully discharged, he 
has been succeeded to the post of 
secretary by E. O. Edgerton, whose 
fine abilities have proved equal to his 
great responsibility. 

We name these voluntary and un- 
selfish servants of the community be- 
cause they are entitled to receive pub- 
lic acknowledgement of its gratitude. 
Moved by patriotism alone, they have 
achieved great results for Los An- 
geles. Leading a host of volunteers, 
enlisted as members of the league, 
they invoked the recall when the af- 
fairs of the city had reached a danger- 
ous crisis, and began the movement 
which redeemed the honor and re- 
stored the self-respect of Los An- 
geles and firmly established good gov- 
ernment. 

To the league is due the adoption 
of the charter amendments which 
have made possible so many of the 



benefits since achieved. To it is due 
the creation of a public utilities com- 
mission which has real pou 
em and regulate the public utility 
corporations. In gratitude and with 
deep appreciation we set down these 
instances of its many, many public 

We regard the Mm 
league as one of the most valuable 
- of Los Angeles. And the peo- 
ple of Los Angeles rightly share that 
conviction. — Los Angeles Express, 
Jan. 11th. 

+ * + 

NO CITY CLUB LUNCHEON 
TODAY 



In honor of Aviation week and in 
eirder to give -those members an op- 
portunity who may wish to attend 
the events at Dominguez Field, the 
Bt>ard of Governors of the City Club 
decided to cancel today's Luncheon 
The Club will attend in a body the 
performance of "Angel Town" at the 
Gamut Club on Thursday evening, 
January 20th, when this original mu- 
sical comedy, "a sizzling travesty 
upon good government administra- 
tion," will be presented. 




Leading Clothier* (INC* 

437-439-441-443 South Spring 
Between Fourth and Fifth Streeta. . 

FOR MEN AND BOYS 

OUTFITTERS 

FOR WOMEN AND GIRLS 



Physician — Have you any aches or 



pains 



this 



morning r 



Patient — Yes, 



doctor; it hurts me to breathe; in fact, 
the only trouble now seems to 'be with 
my breath. Physician — All right. I'll 
give you something that will soon 
stop that. — .Boston Globe. 



BEK1NS 

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1335 SOUTH FIGUEROA 
And 250 S. BROADWAY 

Call and inspect. Reduced Rate 
Shippers of household goods to and 
from the East and North. 



Over 1 30,000 Fischer 
Pianos in Use 




Fischer Player Piano 

Did you know yo'u could get the Genuine Fischer Piano with the best 
inside 88-N.ite Player in the world? We are the sole agent; for tliis 
splendid instrument. 
Your Piano taken in exchange. Free .Music Library. 

Bartlett Music Co. :31 Sout oprL s a ite W city Haii 



iO 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



Famous SHort Stories 



'THE MURDERS IN THE RUE 
MORGUE" 



By Edgar Allen Poe 



Residing in Paris during the spring 
md part of the summer of 18 — , I 
here became acquainted with a Mon- 
ieur C. Auguste IDupin. This youn g 
gentleman was of an excellent, indeed 
if an illustrious family, but, by a va- 
iety of untoward events, had been 
educed to such poverty that the 
nergy of his character succumbed 
leneath it, and he ceased to bestir 
limself in the world, or to care for 
he retrieval of his fortunes. By 
ourtesy of his creditors, there still 
emained in his possession a small 
emnant of his patrimony; and, upon 
he income arising from this, he man- 
ged, by means of a rigorous econ- 
■my, to procure the necessities of life, 
/ithout troubling himself about its 
uperfluities. Books, indeed, were his 
ole luxuries, and in Paris these are 
asily obtained. 

Our first meeting was at an obscure 
brary in the Rue Montmartre, where 
he accident of our both being in 
earch of the same very rare and very 
-markable volume brought us into 
loser communion. We saw each 
ther again and again. I was deeply 
iterested in the little family history 
hich he detailed to me with all that 
nndor a Frenchman indulges when- 
ver mere self is the theme. I was 
stonished, too, at the vast extent of 
is reading; and, above all, I felt my 
ml enkindled within me by the wild 
:rvor and the vivid freshness of his 
uagination. Seeking in Paris the ob- 
:cts I then sought, I felt that the so- 
ety of such a man would be to me 
treasure beyond price; and this feel- 
ig I frankly confided to him. It was ' 
: length arranged that we should live 
igether during my stay in the city; 
id as my worldly circumstances were 
miewhat less embarrassed than his 
wn, I was permitted to be at the ex- 
:nse of renting, and furnishing in a 
yle which suited the rather fantas- 
c gloom of our common temper, a 
me-eaten and grotesque mansion, 
nig deserted through superstitions 
to which we did not inquire, and 
ittering to its fall in a retired and 
isolate portion of the Faubourg St. 
ermain. 

Had the routine of our life at this 
ace been known to the world, we 
lould have been regarded as mad- 
en, — although, perhaps, as madmen 
: a harmless nature. Our seclusion 
as perfect. We admitted no visitors, 
ideed, the locality of our retirement 
id been carefullv kept a secret from 
y own former associates; and it had 
ben many years since Dupin had 
:ased to know or be known in Paris. 
^e existed within ourselves alone. 
It was a freak of fancy in my friend 
or what else shall I call it?) to foe 
lamored of the night for her own 
ke; and into this bizarrerie, as into 
1 his others, I quietly fell; giving 
yself ud to his wild whims with a 
:rfect abandon. The sable divinity 
ould not herself dwell with us al- 
ays.; but we could counterfeit her 
esence. At the first dawn of the 
oming we closed all the massy 
utters of our old building; lighted 

couple of tapers which, strongly 
rfumed, threw out only the ghast- 
:st and feeblest of rays. By the aid 

these we then busied our souls in 
eams.-^reading, writing, or con- 
r'sing, until warned by the clock of 
e advent of the true Darkness, 
len we sallied forth into the streets, 
m and arm, continuing the topics 

the clay, or roaming far and wide 
til a late hour, seeking, amid the 
Id lights and shadows of the popu- 



lous city, that infinity of mental ex- 
citement which quiet observation can 
afford. 

At such times I could not help re- 
marking and admiring (although from 
his rich ideality I had been prepared 
to expect it) a peculiar analytic ability 
in Dupin. He seemed, too, to take an 
eager delight in its exercise, — if not 
exactly in its display, — and did not 
hesitate to confess the pleasure thus 
derived. (He boasted to me, with' a 
low chuckling laugh, that most men, 
in respect to himself, wore windows 
in their bosoms, and was wont to fol- 
low up such assertions by direct and 
very startling proofs of his intimate 
knowledge of my own. His manner 
at these moments was frigid and ab- 
stract; his eyes were vacant in ex- 
pression; while his voice, usually a 
rich tenor, rose into a treble which 
would have sounded petulantly but for 
the deliberateness and entire distinct- 
ness of the enunciation. Observing 
him in _ these moods, I often dwelt 
meditatively upon the old philosophy, 
of the Bi-Part Soul, and amused my-' 
self with the fancy of a double Dupin, 
— the creative and the resolvent. 

Let it not be supposed, from what 
I have just said, that I am detailing 
any mystery, or penning any romance. 
What I have described in the French- 
man was merely the result of an ex- 
cited, or perhaps of a diseased intelli- 
gence. But of the character of his 
remarks at the periods in question an 
example will best convey the idea. 

We were strolling one night down 
a long dirty street, in the vicinity of 
the Palais Royal. Being both, appar- 
ently, occupied with thought, neither 
of us had spoken a syllable for fifteen 
minutes at least. All at once Dupin 
broke forth with these words: — 

"He is a very little fellow, that's 
true, and would do better for the 
Theatre des Varietes." 

"There can be no doubt of that," I 
replied^ unwittingly, and not at first 
observing (so much had I been ab- 
sorbed in reflection) the extraordinary 
manner in which the speaker had 
chimed in with my meditations. In 
an instant afterward I recollected my- 
self, and my astonishment was pro- 
found. 

"Dupin," said I, gravely, "this is 
beyond my comprehension. I do not 
hesitate to say that I am amazed, and 
can scarcely credit my senses, How 
was it possible you should know I 
was thinking of — " Here I paused, to 
ascertain beyond a doubt whether he 
really know of whom I thoueht. 

— "of 'Chantilly," said he; "why do 
you pause? You were remarking to 
yourself that his diminutive figure un- 
fitted him for tragedy." 

This was precisely what had formed 
the subject of my reflections. Chan- 
tilly was a quondam cobbler of the 
Rue St. Denis, who, becoming stage- 
mad, had attempted the role of ' 
Xerxes, in Crebillon's tragedy so 
called, and been notoriously Pasquin- 
aded for his pains. 

"Tell me, for Heaven's sake," I ex- 
claimed, "the method — if method 
there is — by which you have been en- 
abled to fathom my soul in this mat- 
ter." In fact. I was even more 
startled than I would have been will- 
ills' to express. 

"It was the fruiterer," replied my, 
friend, "who brought you to the con- 
clusion that the mender of soles was 
nnt of sufficient height for Xerxes et 
id e'enus omne." 

"The fruiterer! — you astonish me, — 
I know no fruiterer whomsoever." 

"The man who ran up against you 
as we entered the street; it may have 
been fifteen minutes ago." 

I now remembered that, in fact, a 



fruiterer, carrying upon his head a 
large basket of apples, had nearly 
thrown me down, by accident, as' we 
passed from the Rue C — — into the 
thoroughfare where we stood; but 
what this had to do with Chantilly I 
could not possibly understand. 

There was not a particle of char- 
latanerie about Dupin. "I will ex- 
plain," he said, "and that you may 
comprehend all clearly, we will first 
retrace the 'Course of your medita- 
tions, from the moment in which I 
spoke to you until that of the 
rencontre with the fruiterer in ques- 
tion. The larger links of the chain 
run thus, — (Chantilly, Orion, Dr. Nich- 
ols, Epicurus., stereotomy, the street 
stones, the fruiterer." 

There are few persons who have 
not, at some period of their lives, 
amused themselves in retracing the 
steps by which particular conclusions 
of their own minds have foeen attained. 
The occupation is often full of inter- 
est; and he who attempts it for the 
first time is astonished by the appar- 
ently illimitable distance and in- 
coherence between the starting-point 
and the goal. What, then, must have 
been my amazement when I heard the 
Frenchman speak what he had just 
spoken, and when I could not help 
acknowledging that he had spoken 
the truth! He continued: — 

"We had been talking of horses, if 
I remember aright, just before leav- 
ing the Rue C . This was the last 

subject we discussed. As we crossed 
into this street, a fruiterer, with a 
large basket upon his head, brushing 
quickly past us, thrust you upon a 
pile of paving-stones collected at a 
spot where the causeway is undergo- 
ing repair. You stepped upon one of 
the loose fragments, slipped, slightly 
strained your ankle, appeared vexed 
or sulky, muttered a few words, 
turned to look at the pile, and then 
proceeded in silence. I was not par- 
ticularly attentive to what you did; 
but observation has become with me, 
of late, a species of necessity. 

"You kept your eyes upon the 
ground, — glancing, with a petulant 
expression, at the holes and ruts in 
the pavement (so that I saw you were 
still thinking of the stones), until we 
reached the little alley called Lamar- 
tine, which has -been paved, by way of 
experiment, with the overlapping and 
riveted blocks. Here your counte- 
nance brightened up, and perceiving 
your lips move, I could not doubt 
that you murmured the word 'stereo- 
tomy,' a term very affectedly applied 
to this species of pavement. I knew 
that you could not say to yourself 
'stereotomy,' without .being brought 
to think of atomies, and thus of the 
theories of Epicurus; and since, when 
we discussed this subject not very 
long ago, I mentioned to you how 
singularly, yet with how little notice, 
the vague guesses of that noble Greek 
had met with confirmation in the late 
nebular cosmogony, I felt that you 
could not avoid casting your eyes up- 
ward to the great nebula in Orion, 
and I certainly expected that you 
would do so. You did look up; and 
I was now assured that I had correct- 
ly followed your steps. But in that 
bitter tirade upon Chantilly, which ap- 
peared in yesterday's Musee, the 
satirist, making some disgraceful al- 
lusions to the cobbler's change of 
name upon assuming the buskin, 
quoted a Latin line about which we 
have often conversed. I mean the 
line, 
'Perdidit antiquum litera prima 
sonum.' 
I had told you that this was in refer- 
ence to Orion, formerly written 
Urion; and, from certain pungencies 
connected with this explanation, I ' 
was aware that you could not have 
forgotten it. It was clear, therefore, 
that you would not fail to combine 
the two ideas of Orion and Chantilly. 
That you did .combine them I saw by 
the character of the smile which 
passed over your lips. You thought 



of the poor cobbler's immolation. So 
far, you had been stooping in your 
gait; but now I saw you draw your- 
self up to your full height. I was then, 
sure that you reflected upon the dim- 
inutive figure of Chantilly. At this 
point I interrupted your meditations 
to remark that as, in fact, he was a 
very little fellow, — that Chantilly, — he 
would do better at the Theatre des 
Varietes." 

Not long after this, we were look- 
ing over an evening edition, of. the 
Gazette des Tribunaux, when the fol- 
lowing paragraphs arrested our atten- 
tion: — 

"Extraordinary Murders. — This 
morning, aibout three o'clock, the in 
habitants of the Quartier St. Roch 
were aroused from sleep by a suc- 
cession of terrible shrieks, issuing, ap- 
parently, from the fourth story of a 
house in the Rue Morgue, known to 
be in the sole occupancy of one Ma- 
dame L'Espanaye, and her daughter, 
Mademoiselle Camille L'Espanaye. 
After some delay, occasioned by a 
fruitless attempt to procure admission 
in the usual manner, the gateway was 
broken in with a crow-bar, and eight 
or ten of the neighbors entered, ac- 
companied by two gendarmes. By 
this time the cries had ceased; but, as 
the party rushed up the first flight of 
stairs, two or more rough voices, in 
angry contention, were distinguished, 
and seemed to proceed from the up- 
per part of the house. As the second 
landing was reached, these sounds, 
also, had ceased, and everything re- 
mained perfectly quiet. The party 
spread themselves, and hurried from 
room to room. Upon arriving at a 
large back chamber in the fourth story 
(the door of which, being found 
locked, with the key inside, was 
forced open), a spectacle presented 
itself which struck every one present 
not less with horror than with aston- 
ishment. 

"The apartment was in the wildest 
disorder, — the furniture broken and 
thrown about in all directions. There 
was only one bedstead; and from this 
the bed had been removed, and 
thrown into the middle of the floor. 
On a chair lay a razor ibesmeared 
with blood. On the hearth were two 
or three long thick tresses of 
gray human hair, also dabbled in 
blood, and seeming to have been 
pulled out by the roots. Upon the 
floor were found four Napoleons, an 
ear-ring of topaz, three large silver 
spoons, three smaller of metal d'Alger, 
and two bags, containing nearly four 
thousand francs in gold. The drawers 
of a bureau, which stood in one cor- 
ner, were open, and had been, appar- 
ently, rifled, although many articles 
still remained in them. A small iron 
safe was discovered under the bed 
(not under the bedstead). It was 
open, with the key still in the door. 
It had no contents beyond a few old 
letters, and other papers of little con- 
sequence. 

"Of 'Madame L'Espanaye no traces 
were here seen; but an unusual quan- 
tity of soot being observed in the fire- 
place, a search w r as made in the chim- 
ney, and (horrible to relate!) the 
corpse of the daughter, head down- 
ward, was dragged therefrom, it hav- 
ing been thus forced up the narrow 
aperture for a considerable distance. 
The ibody was quite' warm. Upon 
examining it, many excoriations were 
perceived, no doubt occasioned by the 
violence with which it had been 
thrust up and disengaged. Upon the 
face were many severe scratches, and 
upon the throat dark bruises and deep 
indentations of finger-nails, as if the 
deceased had been throttled to death. 
"After a thorough investigation of 
every portion of the house without 
further discovery, the party made its 
way into a small paved yard in the 
rear of the building, where lay the 
corpse of the old lady, with her 
throat so entirely cut that, upon an 
attempt to raise her. th° head fell off. 
Continued on page IS) 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



11 




4fvsic 




>us, where necessary, 
dram !e-souled ariisi, Mme. 

.gendorff gave of her best 
ly evening in a program 
which, except for a few light final 
numbers, was made up of German 
liedcr Every recitalist seems to 
deem it a duty to insert a Str 
number in the program, with more or 

rable effect. Strauss 
undoubtedly written many masterly 
of which we have al 

in, but there arc sonic 
hich our cars have not yet be- 
come quite attuned, so that their mer- 

rather hard to judge. An 
these last, the selection of Tuesday 
evening. "Zueignung" might be 
sed. 
Mme. Langendorff is rich in tem- 
perament, and is endowed with a vo- 
cal organ of power and richness A 
fml 1 : was a frequent deviation from 
pitch: also a tendency at times to 
mouthe tones, giving them a muffled 
sound, though this last was infre- 
quent. In tile S.chubert and Schu- 
mann groups Mme. Langendorff was 
in her own element, her interpreta- 
tion of the "Fruhlingsnacht" and 
"Sc-it ich ihn gesehen" being most 
delightful, though absolutely different 
in character, each received a thor- 
oughly satisfactory rendering. The 
same could be said of "Scherzen," 
Wagner and "Sappische Ode," 
Brahms. The American composer re- 
ceived due recognition in the final 
program group. 



Mme. Senibrich filled Dreamland 
Ripk in San Francisco with a most 
enthusiastic audience last 'Sunday, and 
now has conquered all of the Pacific 
Coast towns. This is not to be won- 
dered at. for Mme. Senibrich has 
made a place all her own in the hearts 
of the American people. 

The routing of Mme. Sembrich's 
tour in Arizona, New Mexico and 
Texas allows her an opportunity of 
spending three davs in Southern Cali- 
fornia, after finishing her San Fran- 
cisco and Oakland engagements, and 
Manager Behymer announces one 
more recital next Thursday evening 
( Innuary 20th>, at Simpson" Audi- 
torium, at which time she will nresent 
a series of numbers which she has not 
yet given to our local public. 

A fine musical feast is offered in 
the following programme numbers: 
Andante Soianato and Polonaise 
(Cnoninl, Mr. Frank- La Forge; Aria 
from "Traviata." (Ah! fors e lui), 
(Verdi). Mme Sembrich: Aria from 
"Herodiade" (Vision fugitive"), (Mas- 
senet). Mr. Francis Rogers; (a) Lus- 
inghe piu ' care (Handel"). (b) My 
lovely Celia (Munroe). (c) Fingo per 
mio diletto (Anon"). Mme. Sembrich; 
(a") Gretchen am Spinnrade (Schu- 
bert), (h) Ein Traum (Greig), (c) 
Auftraege (Schumann), (dl Pastorale 
(Old English") ('Carey). Mme. Sem- 
brich: (a) Marche Funebre, (b) Pre- 
lude in D flat major (Chopin). Mr. 
La Forge: (a") C'est mon ami (Marie 
Antoinette). (hi Staendchen (R. 
Strauss). (.-) The Land o' the Leal 
(Foote).-(d) T ove in May (Parker), 
Mme. Sembrich: (a) Der Wanderer 
(Schubert), (b) The Plague of Love 
(Dr. Arne). (c) How Much T Love 
You (La Forge), (d) In a Garden 
(Hawley). Mr. Rogers; Parla! (Ar- 
diti), Mine. Sembrich. 



Ion Kings. 
nins Lecture-Recitals, 
rrow evening in Blanchard Sym- 
phony Hall, the subject treated will 
be Wagner— ■"The Master of Opera," 
Mr. Kingslcy will illustrate with 
piano numbers from the Wagnerian 
opera- "The 

Storm at - Plying Dutch- 

man). "Pilgrims' Chorus" and "Even- 
ing Star" (Tannhauser), "Elsa's 
Dream" (Lohengrin), "Prize Song" 
(Die Ntiestersinger) "The Fire Music" 
(Die Walkurc) and "Lie-bestod" 
(Tristan und Isolde). 



It is with regret that one reads of 
the death of two composers whose 
works have been deservedly popular 
for some years; we speak of Francis 
Thome and Ludwig Schytte. 



We have before us a letter post- 
marked Cedar Rapids, Iowa, from the 
"Strollers Quartette," a Los Angeles 
male quartette, which has just com- 
pleted a tour with the Ridpath Slay- 
ton Lyceum Bureau, through Iowa, 
Kansas, Nebraska and Missouri. The 
Strollers enjoyed a snowy Christmas, 
but think longingly of California. 



Another American singer to become 
popular abroad is Gardner Lamson, a 
Boston singer, who has scored a de- 
cided success in the Municipal Opera 
at Trier, South Germany. 



Twen'ty-four letters and a manu- 
scrint of Ludwig von Beethoven were 
sold in one lot for $3,300 at Sotheby's, 
in London, recently to a representa- 
tive of the Cologne Historical Mu- 
seum. These autographs of the fa- 
mous composer do not relate to mu- 
sic, says the New York Times, so 
much as to his wayward nephew 
Karl, for whom he did so much and 
who so ill-repaid the love and care 
bestowed upon him. 

Karl was the son of Beethoven's 
brother Karl, who, dying in 1815, left 
the boy to Ludwig. The widow, con- 
sidered bv the composer an unfit per- 
son to bring up the child, tried to re- 
tain possession of him. After a legal 
contest of four years the case was 
decided in favor of Beethoven. He 
sent the boy to the university, from 
which he was expelled. He was sub- 
sequently discharged in disgrace from 
the army and ordered to leave Vien- 
na. Then he made an unsuccessful 
attempt to kill himself. Beethoven's 
death was indirectlv due to this scape- 
grace nephew, as his fatal illness was 
the result of a long journey he took 
in his behalf. 

The letters are mostly written to 
Tosenh Karl Bernard, editor of the 
Vienna Zeitung. 



"Le Courier Musical" has just pub- 
lished an article concerning an Aerial 
symphony. August Bungert is the 
composer, and will direct his work on 
Dec. 8 at Coblentz. The rendition 
will require forty-five minutes, and 
consists of the following motives: 
The departure, preparations, ascen- 
sion, voyage, over hills, plains and 
cities, .-mnroach of temrjest, the sym- 
phony of the storm," descent during 
storm, second departure, storm rising 
again, the drigible bursts. No doubt 
this masterpiece will he a hie draw- 
ing card, as it is the first symohony 
of its kind. What next!— Pacific 
Coast Musical Review. 




etft*^ 




"King Dodo" 
King Dodo, rejuvenated by the 

of a managerial spring, is 
reigning so successfully at the Ma- 

tnis week as to justify the long 

mi no in "i" his demise. This 
performance i- lifted above the com. 
monplace by artistic stage pictures, 

Fresh and fetching costuming, and the 
singing and dancing of expert prin- 
cipals, 

Tile effective appearance and 
chinning voice of Mi" Eleanor Kent 
is one of the company's greatest as- 
\^ I'iola. soldier of fortune, her 
best '"1" work- is in "Gay Butterfly" 
and •'The Lad Who Leads." The act- 
ing of William Friend as the lively 
monarch degenerates into crudeness 
at times in an effort to amuse, but he 
seems to please. 'Miss Louise Mink 
as Angela, the king's ward, is decided- 
ly pretty and makes a pronounced hit 
with her singing and dancing in 
"Diana." Her voice blends delight- 
fully with Miss Kent's in "Two Hearts 
Made One " which is also well re- 
ceived. "The Tale of a Bumble Bee" 
retains its one-time swing, and both 
in this old favtirite and in "I'll Shut 
■My Eyes and Think It's You" the 
dancing of supple Zoe 'Bennett con- 
tributes not a little pleasure. 

There is a dashing chorus, and the 
performance as a whole is so far re- 
moved from funereal as to promise 
long life to King Dodo, even with one 
foot in his grave. 



"The Genius" 

As a mirth-maker "The Genius," 
the week's offering at the Belasco, 
can be highly commended. The stock 
company plays this de Millie comedy 
with the same broadly farcical touches 
that characterized their success in 
"Are You a Mason?" and with the 
same hilarious results. 

Jack Spencer, "a Man," palms off 
upon a gullible public the work of 
three unappreciated artists as his 
own, his motive being to win a girl 
whose aesthetic nature demands an 
artistic temperament in her mate. He 
learns much, and so does the audience, 
regarding the world's peculiar de- 
mands upon geniuses, and in the 
course of the play transfers his affec- 
tions to Nell, the pretty model whom 
he met in the studio of the real art- 
ists. A supreme burst of absurdity 
it : Soencer's final confession of his 
duplicity, which he tries to prove by 
displaying a Hebraic cartoon repre- 
senting his best artistic efforts, but 
the sheep-like public, thoroughly con- 
vinced that he is a master, refuses to 
be undeceived. 

Mr. Stone appears in a new light in 
Nat Goodwin's old role, displacing 
unsuspected powers as a comedian. 
Looking like a Llindoo in the long 
velvet robe and yellow turban which 
Soencer affects to heighten his "atmo- 
sphere," Mr. Stone's performance in 
the second act is a deliriously Funny 
achievement, representing his conde- 
scending reception of various admi.- 
ing visitors. 

In the first act. Miss tMiagrane look; 
her best in the oriental model's garb, 
and invests her part wdth charm 
throughout. As 'Miss Van Duscn. 
Miss Farrington plays the superficial 
society character which w r as con- 
sidered her forte before her splendid 
work as Lil Valera revealed her 
stronger powers. 

As the three struggling artists. Mr. 
Camp. Mr. Yerince and Mr. Vivian 
are excellent. Mr. Scott has one of 
the self-congratulatory roles he plays 
so well, while Mr. Ruggles essays a 



lamentably stuttering you 

Dorothj Russell Lewis. 

Heart of Maryland 
The \\ ell n i irn, but ever popular 
"Heart of Maryland" is the offering 

this week at the Burbank Theater. 

The play is one of the few surviv- 
ing war melodramas of which we had 
so many some years ago. With its 
stirring military texture, its dramatic 
action, its spicy love scenes, its deep 
dyed villain and necessarily acrobatic 
heroine, the play moves along with 
precision. Appealing as it does to the 
patrons of the Burbank, it i^ <-[m- 
cially well received. 

The theme, of which so many au- 
thors have [liken advantage, is that 
of the love of the northern man and 
southern woman, at the time of our 
great ci'vil war. In this case she is, 
at first, true to her country, but final- 
ly love is too strong and she gives in, 
proving her love by clinging to the 
clapper of the bell, which jf rung, 
would mean death to her escaping 
northern sweetheart. 

It is not until the finish of the sec- 
ond act that Miss Nordstrom, in the 
part of Maryland Calvert, has an 
opportunity to show some clever act- 
ing. While there is much interest in 




Richard F. Carroll and Gus Weinburg, 
Majestic Theater 

this scene in which the heroine un- 
consciously betrays her lover as a 
spy, (Miss Nordstrom commands no- 
tice, and her true emotional powers 
are made apparent. In the ingenue 
character of Nanny Mac Nair, Ethel 
von Waldron makes her initial bow 
here, seeming to have scored a suc- 
cess. She is charming in appearance 
having both youth and good looks 
and acts in a cunning, vivacious man- 
ner. She will undoubtedly prove a 
very valuable addition to the present 
company. 

Byron Beasley as Col. Allan T 
rick does what he can to improve a 
colorless and badly written part. Be- 
cause of the baseness of 
character the fine acting of David 
Hartford a- Col. Fulton Thorpe, 
a spy, is not appreciated. Har- 



Blanchard Hall Studio Building 

Devoted exclusively to Music, Art, Science 

Studio* and Halla for til purpoaea for rent. Larieat 
Studio building in the Wat. For lerma and all infor- 
mation apply to F. W. BLANCH ARD. 

233 S Broadw.r - - 232 S. Hill St. 

Los Angeles, California 



12 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



ry Mestayer and John Burton are 
excellent in two comedy parts of al- 
together different character. Mr. 
Stockbridge wins' applause for his 
clever make up and finished enact- 
ment of a deaf old church sexton. 

The remaining characters which 
consist mostly of "bits" fall to the 
rest of a large company, who assisted 
by a dozen extra players, and a very 
good scenic artist, make this week's 
bill an attractive one from all vantage 
points. 

C. W. Scheu. 



ented iby one of the greatest expon-peculiar life of the rotund monarch 



Mason 

To have the living embodiment of 
a poetic fancy, or have an historical 
personage realized by dramatic vital- 
ity and picturation, in these days of 
modernism or immaturity, is a nov- 
elty; and when that novelty is pres- 



ents of the art of portraiture, then the 
event assumes the significance of an 
epoch in local theatrical annals. Such 
an event is promised, by Louis James 
for his annual engagement at the 
Mason Opera House Jan. 20, 21 and 
22, when he will revive that infre- 
quently played historical drama, 
"Henry VIII," with the distinguished 
player seen as Cardinal Wolsey, a 
characterization said to be one of the 
best he has ever depicted, and "The 
Merchant of Venice." 

Nearly every schoolboy and girl 
has read the story of iHenry VIII and 
his multiplicity of wives; the varied 
and singular career of Wolsey; the 
unhappy life of Queen Katherine; the 
meteoric rise to prominence of Anne 
Bolyn, and the hundred and one in- 
cidents that were crowded into the 



Henry, all of which have been woven 
into this drama, familiar to all; there- 
fore a synopsis of the play is super- 
fluous. 

That 'Mr. James will play Wolsey 
and Aphie James Queen Katherine, is 
sufficient to guarantee that these im- 
portant personages will be well taken 
care of, and 'Mr. James promises that 
his supporting company and produc- 
tion will be of -equal merit. "Henry 
VIII" will be played Thursday and 
Saturday nights, and "The Merchant 
of Venice" Friday night and at the 
Saturday matinee. 



Majestic 

The Majestic will present the entire 
new all laughter version of "The 
Alaskan" for week commencing Sun- 
day night, Jan. 16. Since last seen 




here "The Alaskan" has been almost 
entirely rewritten by those two clever 
fellows Richard F. Carroll and Gus 
Weinburg, who took good care in the 
general revision to supply themselves 
with splendid parts. The piece_in its 
present form enjoyed a five m'onths' 
Chicago engagement last summer and 
since then has been seen in the large 
cities of the West with successful re- 
sults. It is now a genuine musical 
comedy_ containing all the ear marks 
of merit. The presenting organiza- 
tion advances quite an array of musi- 
cal comedy favorites. Richard F. ' 
Carroll, better known in New York 
and the East, has the part of Walzing- 
ham Watt, a stranded actor-manager. 
Gus Weinburg, well known here, will 
be seen as Prof. Nicklebein, Ph. D., 
L. L. D. and C. Q. D. Detmar Pop- 
pen is this year Totem Pole Pete. 
John R. Phillips is seen this year as 
Richard Atwater the grub-staked 
miner. Jessie Stoner, an entirely 
new comer to the west, but well 
known to Philadelphia. New York, 
Boston and the East, is the Arlee 
Easton in the present company. Alice 
Kean has been allotted the part of 
Mrs. Good-lBetter-iBest, the widow 
with a past. Etta Lockhart, last seen 
here in "The Burgomaster" as ID'aisy, 
the roof garden favorite, and Patsy in 
"The Tenderfoot," is playing KuKu 
an Eskimo child. Sidney Algier is 
the Snowball, the polar bear in this 
year's new "Alaskan." Besides the 
principal comedians Carroll and Wein- 
burg and several other fun makers, 
including Al. Ranh, John Lawton, 
Walter Anderson and Geo. H. Davis, 
assist the laugh producers. The 
minor female roles are taken by Mar- 
cell Scott, Nell iLove, Caroline South 
and Hazel Regan and IMiss North, be- 
sides little Dell Walker. 

"Snowballing" is a unique novelty. 
During the chorus of the Snowball 
song, fluffy white missiles, exact re- 
plicas of snowballs are thrown by the 
Eskimo girls into the audience while 
the audience is allowed to pelt them 
back. It is great fun while it lasts 
and nobody enters into the spirit of 
the fun more than 'Mr., Mrs. and Miss 
audience. The train of genuine dogs, 
the same as used by Cook and Peary 
at the North Pole are a strong factor 
in this year's new "Alaskan" and lend 
color to the realistic polar pictures. 



La Titcomb, Orpheum Road Show 



The Orpheum Road Show 

Once a year, comes the event in 
vaudeville, the Orpheum Road Show, 
under the personal direction of Mar- 
tin iBeck, and next Monday afternoon, 
January \7, will mark its first appear- 
ance here. And for two weeks, the 
cream of vaudeville will be on display 
at its local temple, for the Road Show 
is the special ipride of Martin Beck's 
heart; he personally selects every act 
for it, and each selection establishes 
that act as the best in its class. 

There are five acts in this year's 
Road Show, everyone of them a gem. 
The spectacular number is furnished 
by La Titcomb, known abroad as "La 
Belle Americaine," and as "the dancer 
on horseback." Miss Titcomb is a 
'California girl, who has developed a 
spectacular act with the aid of a. 
superb white horse. Clad in close- 
fitting white herself, she seems a pari, 
of her splendid mount, and together, 
they do several turns, in the glare of 
many colored lights. There are a 
number of songs, some artistic pos- 
ings, some dances, in which the horse 
takes part, and a spectacular finale, 
embracing a skirt-dance on horseback, 
a novelty so far impossible of imita- 
tion. The beauty of the girl and her 
remarkable steed have been generally 
remarked, and the whole act has a 
class and standing all its own, worthy 
of its high place in the vaudeville 
world. 

Miss Ida O'Day and a selected com- 
pany will furnish the sketch, "A Bit 
of Old Chelsea," presented by special 
arrangement with Harrison Gray 
Fiske. The little playlet is a classic 
by Mrs. Berringer, and its pathos no 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



13 



iiraor makes it 

rking a dis 

.ised. 
rial act this year i= unique. 
Maud Rochez presents it, bring 
■ called "A 
in a Monkey Music Hall." In it, a 
nkeys have part, 
•but no human being. A miniature 
and music hall is occupied by 
it performers and a mon- 
orchestra is led by a Darwinian 
cnthii- se gyrations entitle 

him to the cognomen of "The Simian 
The whole effect of the 
stunt is ludicrous, but the high de- 
gree of training shown is all the more 
remarkable because no director is 
-ecn. 
Mae Melville and Robert Higgins 
are the entertainers, and their bit, 
"Just a Little Fun," will be found full 
of the old-time variety spirit of frolic 
and joy. Both are skilled in the art 
of humor, and there is no funnier 
woman on the stage than Miss Mel- 
ville, while Mr. Higgins is her most 
excellent foil. 

Ilyman Meyer, "the man at the 

was a hit with the last road 

show and being Mr. Beck's personal 

protege, is of course featured again. 

llii pianologue, especially the "Chick- 

Patti" stunt, is excrutiating. 

Ming over to make up the local 
house's full eight acts, are Fay, Two 
Coleys & Fay, in minstrelsy, the Four 
Readings, in acrobatic hand balancing, 
and the Klein family, German comedy 
cyclists, and a new run of motion 
pictures, insuring such a show as even 
the Orpheum is seldom enabled to 
present. The personal presence of 
Messrs. Meyerfeld and Beck is cer- 
tain to add much to the ginger and 
general goodness of the whole. 



Belasco 

The theatre goers of Los Angeles 
will at the Belasco Theatre Monday 
night have an opportunity to pass 
judgment on a new play by one of 
America's mosit famous young drama- 
tists. The play is "The Spendthrift." 
It is the work of Emerson Porter 
Browne. Mr. Browne is a well known 
magazine writer and his play, "A 
Fool There Was" is being given by 
Robert Hilliard in the important syn- 
dicate theatres in the east with promi- 
nent, popular, as well as critical suc- 
cess. 

The Belasco Company's production 
of "The Spendthrift" is made by spe- 
cial arrangement with Frederic 
Thompson, who will present the play 
at the Hackett Theatre early in the 
spring. "The Spendthrift" is a come- 
dy drama with all of its four acts 
laid in New York City. 

Lewis S. Stone will have the part 
of the young husband, while Miss 
Magrane will be seen in the part of 
the wife. Richard Vivian will have 
a comedy role of the kind at which 
he has always been eminently suc- 
cessful, while Miss Lewis, Miss Far- 
rington, Mr. Yerance, Mr. Scott and 
the rest of the Belasco Company will 
all find themselves in congenial roles. 

Following the performance of "The 
Spendthrift" the Belasco Company 
will present for the first time on any 
stage in the west, Paul Wilstaeh's 
new detective play, "Mrs. Eastman's 
Pearls." Much is expected of this 
play which has been given in the east 
under the title of "Keegan's Pal." 



"Angel Town" 

Another wail of despair arose on 
the already fervid atmosphere yester- 
day when it was discovered that the 
Gamut Club comedians, in addition to 
flattening out successful municipal 
candidates, were training to fall upon 
certain prominent aspirants for office 
who were nosed out in the stretch. 
Therefore the stage director is con- 
sidering using a bullet-proof screen 
when "Angel Town," the sizzling, lo- 



I comedy is put on at the 
Gamut theater, beginning Wedr 
evening. 

Another disci 
any of tin 

to the effect th Far- 

well Edson. the dignified official of 
the Gamut Club, president of the 
Municipal Music Commission and 
impresario had been won over by the 
irators and would appear in the 
outlawed play. Another public char- 
acter and. down to date highly re- 
1 in the community, also has 
fallen. Joseph Dupuy, he of the 
dreamy eyes and tenor voice, 

famous in song and stage action, has 
been hypnotised into accepting a sen- 
sational role and will sing the famous 
"Isle of Love." which gripping mel- 
ody was composed by L. Stanley 
Moor. the club, another 

member of the audacious "Angel 
cast. 

E. Ellsworth Salyer, the comedian 
who has caused more Los Angelans 
to laugh than any professional who 
ever visited the city, is a headliner as 
a Music Commissioner. Mr. Salver 
was born to the role assigned him and. 
among other things, will lead the 
band with a naked sword in his hand. 
It will be a thrilling sight. 

(M. P. Frasier, the Eugene Cowles 
of the Pacific Coast, is in the bill. As 
colonel of "Angel Town" forces he is 
seen at his best. 'His magnificent 
voice will be heard in one of the 
many new songs, composed for the 
comedy, entitled "Ye Modern 
Knight." In the words of an amateur 
critic who attended rehearsal, "Mr. 
Frasier has all modern basso pro- 
fundos under a barrel." 

Another operatic singer, who adds 
the dignity of a splendid voice to this 
reckless production, is Charles W. 
Hatch, the baritone. He wil sing one 
of his own compositions, "Angel 
Town," from which title the comedy 
was named. Mr. Hatch also will per- 
form otherwise but is one of the most 
mysterious characters in the produc- 
tion. 

"iMiss" Wayland Trask, champion 
suffragette of the world, now in full 
training for the event, is much per- 
turbed. She finds that she has lost 
seven ounces weight during the past 
two weeks and now tips the scales at 
only 315 pounds, 9 ounces. The 
Gamut board of directors are feed- 
ing "her" whale fat in hopes of bring- 
ing the "lady" to perfect condition. 
The names of the suffragettes, fol- 
lowers of the champ, will not be made 
public until the play opens. Society 
must secure reservations to discover 
which of their dainty favorites are to 
assist in this great movement as well 
as songs and dances. This is one of 
the best surprises of the musical pro- 
duction. 

Edward L. Doe-Heimspieler, per- 
haps the greatest German artist ex- 
tant, will positively appear in the pro- 
duction. If he last he will be a good 
risk for any life insurance company. 

E. J. Ovington, chief of police, will 
tie on hand to do the best he can, 
backed by a bunch of officers. He is 
taking a long farewell from his family 
in anticipation of the Gamut come- 
dians and the determined suffragettes. 
Frank B. IDunwell, leader of Schnei- 
der's band, will present an organiza- 
tion of musicians which promises to 
outrank the present municipal band. 
Mr. Edson will be searched for con- 
cealed weapons before Dunwell's ap- 
pearance. 

The Good Government administra- 
tion, minor officials and employes of 
the city hall will occupy a section in 
the Gamut theater the opening night. 
Wednesday, Jan. 19. The following 
evening the City Club, will he the 
guests of honor. Friday evening. Jan. 
21. the Woman's 'Club. Friday Morn- 
ing Club. Ebell Club, Women's Con- 
gress. Parent-Teacher association, 
Child Study circles and other women's 
organizations will be given prefer- 



ence to one-half the most desirable 

During the entire four evenings. 
Jan. i 2, the Gamut ur- 

a, under direction of l 

mposer and musician 
of international renOwn, will i 
special numbers. The noted Orpheus 
Club will lend its strength to the 
many ehoi uses and .ii'i" :ai in roles as 
students, soldiers, ele. 

The sale of seats is on at the B 
leu Music Store. The Gamut theater, 
one of the finest private playhou 
the West, is located al lu-M South 
Hope si 



cott is exonerated from blame and 
the guilty man di 

A. Byron Beaslej will play the part 
of Prescott whih Nord- 

strom will i 
Miss Fay Bainl m the 

tage for se\ eral mi 
will return to it in this piece. Othei -. 
of the company will be found in 



Burbank 

Continuing the series of David 
Belasco plays to be presented at the 
Burbank theater this season Manager 
Oliver Morosco announces a revival 
of "Men and Women" for the coming 
week. This is one of the earlier 
Belasco plays written in collaboration 
with the late H. C. DeMille. When 
first produced in New York city it 
ran for 250 nights, establishing a new 
record and one that was regarded as 
truly remarkable at the time. 

"Men and Women" was the first 
play of American authorship in which 
American methods of finance were 
utilized in their dramatic aspect. The 
big scene of the play shows a mid- 
night meeting of the directors of the 
Jefferson National Bank. A defalca- 
tion has been discovered and the di- 
rectors meet with the bank examiner 
to determine whether the bank shall 
open its doors on the following morn- 
ing or suspend payment. William 
Prescott, the bank's cashier, is under 
suspicion and the meeting is tense 
with suppressed excitement, crimina- 
tion and recrimination. Prescott's 
sweetheart is Agnes Rodman, daugh- 
ter of the governor of Arizona. To 
her father she confides her love and 
the unjustified suspicion attaching to 
her lover, and her father, imperilling 
his resources to do it, saves the bank, 
even though he is compelled to con- 
fess that he himself, in his youth, had 
been guilty of a crime not dissimilar 
from that falsely charged against his 
daughter's fiance. In the end Pres- 



Mrs. Leslie Carter Coming 
Mrs. Leslie Carter, the one remain- 
ing actreess-ma'nager in America, will 

produce her nev 

success, "Vasta Hen dward 

Peple, the author of "The Prince 

Chap," during the week of January 

24th. 

In producing this modern play, 
which is the greatest triumph of her 
career, Mrs. Carter has made a 
marked departure from the canons 
that have signalized her art since she 
became her own manager. In her 
new play she has left behind entirely 
the atmosphere of "Zaza." "DuBarry" 
and "The Heart of .Maryland" and has 
devoted herself to portraying the 
character of a modern New York 
woman. 

"Vasta Heme" is in four acts, the 
first takes place in the library of 
Vasta Heme in her home in New 
York City. The second shows a villa 
at Aedesley-on-'Hudson; the third act 
shows a reception room at the Ritz 
Hotel, Alexandria, Egypt, and the 
last act the same as the first. For 
this new play Mrs. Carter has pro- 
vided an elaborate and entirely new 
production and the scenes will be 
found to be marvels of artistic beauty. 

The players engaged by Mrs. Car- 
ter for her support are all well 
known and prominent in the theatrical 
world. The cast includes E. J. Rat- 
cliffe, Charles iClary, Frank -McCor- 
mick, William Shay, Charles Hayne, 
Louis Myll, Alice Butler, Florence 
Malone and Lily Cahill. 

iMiss Rogers — 'How did you imagine 
anything so beautiful as the angel in 
your picture? 

Artist — Got an engaged man to de- 
scribe his fiancee to me. — 'Brooklyn 
Life. 





Matinee Every Day 

Both Phones— 1447 
Nights— 10c. 25c, 50c, 75c. 
Matinees Daily— 10c. 25c, 50c. 
Beginning Monday Matinee, Jan. 17 
THE ORPHEUM ROAD SHOW 
Direction Martin Beck 
La Titcomb 

The Singer on Horseback 
Night in a Monkey Music Hall 

Presented by Maud Rochez 
Melville & Higgins 

"Just a Little Fun" 
Hyman Meyer 

The Man at the Piano 
Ida O'Day & Co. 

"A Bit of Old Chelsea" 
Klein Family 

German Comedy' Cyclists 
Fay, 2 Coleys & Fay " 
~~ " Lmcle Tom to Vaudeville 

Four Readings 
ORPHEUM MOTION PICTURES 



"AngelTown" W "AngelTown" 



Sizzling Travesty Upon Good Government Administration 

The City Club will attend this original musical comedy in a body 
the evening of Jan. 20. The big cast of Gamut Club actors, including 
ten comedians and a band of tempestuous suffragettes, will not over- 
look the City Club after taking care of the new municipal officials. 

Magnificent orchestra and plenty of horrors or your money back. 
Reservations at Bartlett iMusic Store. 

Best Seats $1; Gallery 50 Cents. GAMUT CLUB THEATRE 

Evenings of Jan. 19, 20, 21 and 22. 1044 S. Hope St. 



u 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



LOS ANGELES CITY WORK AND LEGISLATION 

An indexed review of all action by Council, Board of Public Works, Commissions and Officials, relating to property 
improvement or of general interest. Record closes Wednesday night. 



Public Work by Streets 

Ave. 30, bet. west line of Pasadena 
avenue and a line 180 ft. westerly 
therefrom; draft of ord. establishing 
curb lines on each side. Adopted. 

Ave. 30, east side, bet. Pasadena 
avenue and southerly terminus of Ave. 
50; draft of ord. establishing curb 
lines. Adopted. 

Ave. 53, bet. Pasadena Ave. and 
Monte Vista St.; pet. from J. W. 
Sprague, et al, asking that proceedings 
be commenced for opening said por- 
tion. Ref. Bd. Pub. Wks. 

Ave. 54, from 'Pasadena Ave. to 
Longfellow St.; draft of ord. of in- 
tention to change and establish 
grade. Adopted. 

Ave. 55, bet. Pasadena Ave. and 
Monte Vista St.; pet. from F. \V. 
Kring, et al, asking that proceedings 
be commenced for opening said por- 
tion. IRef. Bd. Pub. Wks. 

Ave. 56, bet. Pasadena Ave. and 
Monte Vista St.; pet. from David 
Kring, et al, asking that proceedings 
be commenced for opening said por- 
tion. Ref. Bd. Pub. Wks. 

1st St., from Boyle Ave. easterly; 
in matter of action brought by City 
against Wm. Brill, et al, for obtain- 
ing land necessary for the widening of 
said street; City Atty. reported that 
the interlocutory judgment has been 
filed. 

5th St., from San Pedro to Spring; 
draft of ord. to commence work on 
said street. Adopted. 

6th St., Camulos to Euclid; pet. 
from Anna Killifer et al, for sewering. 
Granted. 

7th St., bet. Boyle Ave. and L. A. 
River; protest' from W. I. Hollings- 
worth against widening. City Eng. 
presented report and deed to City 
from the L. A. Orphan Asylum for 
the southerly 20 ft. of lots 5 and 6 C. 
W. Davis subdivision 'of a portion of 
Lot No. 1, Block 58, Hancock's Sur- 
vey, for the widening of said 7th St. 
from Boyle Ave. to a point .400 ft. 
west. This deed has been secured by 
property owners in lieu of condemna- 
tion proceedings for widening of 
street. Deed accepted and proceed- 
ings ordered abandoned after parties 
in interest have paid all costs in- 
curred. 

8th St., draft of ord. changing 
name of 8th St. from Wilson St. to 
its terminus east of Santa Fe Ave. to 
the name of Damon St. Adopted. 

9th St., from Santa Fe Ave. to L. 
A. River; ord. of intention to improve 
under "Bond" provisions of the Vroo- 
man Act District Plan. Ref. to Com. 
on Sts. and B'lvds. 

10th St., each side 'bet. Hoover and 
Vermont; draft of ord. establishing 
curb, lines. Adopted. 

10th St., from Albany to Blaine; 
draft of ord. establishing grade. 
Adopted. 

10th St., draft of ord. fixing and es- 
tablishing the name of a certain par- 
cel of land at the N. E. cor. of Hoov- 
er and 10th Sts. as 10th St. Adopted. 

West 42nd St., Hoover to Vermont; 
pet. from Daniel Callahan, et al, for 
opening and widening. Ref. Bd. Pub. 
W'k-s. 

51st St.. from Long Beach Ave. to 
a point 605.15 ft. east of Holmes Ave.; 
draft of ord. establishing grade. 
Adopted. 

52nd St.. from Long Beach Ave. to 
a point 605.34 ft. east of Holmes 
Ave.; draft of ord. establishing grade. 
Adopted. 

55th St., Compton Ave. to Long 
Beach Ave.; pet. from W. D. Smith et 
al, for improvement. Granted. 



Alley, in Block 42, Town of San 
Pedro; City Eng. furnished the de- 
scription for vacation of a portion of 
said alley, together with petition from 
Mrs. Dora Olds, et al, asking for said 
vacation. Report adopted by Coun- 
cil.. 

Adelaide St., bet. Camulos and a ,pt. 
541 ft. west of Euclid Ave.; pet. from 
Chas. Wellborn, et al, for improve- 
ment. Granted. 

Amador St., bet. Yuba and Bonett; 
draft of ord. to construct sewer. 
Adopted. 

Adams St., from Vermont to west 
city boundary; City Eng. presented 
for adoption maps of assessment. dist. 
for improvement. Adopted. 

Adelaide St., Camulos to Euclid; 
pet. from Anna Killifer, et al, for sew- 
ering. Granted. 

Boylston St., bet. 1st and 2nd; 
draft of ord. of intention to improve, 
and determining that bonds shall be 
issued to represent cost. Adopted. 

Beaudry Ave., bet. West Beaudry 
Ave. and Figueroa St.; draft of ord. 
of intention to change and establish 
grade. Adopted. 

Coronado St., bet. Mattison and 
Bluff; report of Oil Inspector that 
grading of street acts as a dam and 
obstructs the natural flow of storm 
water in that vicinity, and causes 
water to back up and flood the traps 
of oil operators with result that oil 
is washed over into the streets. Ref. 
to Bd. Pub. Wks. for report from 
City Eng. 

Casco St., Bellevue to Marathon; 
pet. from F. D. Burnfield, et al, for 
improvement. Bond Act. Granted. 

Camulos St., bet. 6th and Stephen- 
son Ave.; pet. from .Anna Killifer, et 
al, for sewering. Granted. 

Bchandia St., pet. from H. C. 
Thomson, et al, objecting to changing 
name of Echandia St. to Judson St. 
Granted. 

Gramercy Place, pet, from B. L. 
Gubser, et al, against changing name 
to Garner 'Place. Granted, and ord. 
changing name ordered repealed. 

Guirado St., Camulos to pt. 541 ft. 
west of Euclid Ave.; pet. from Chas. 
Wellborn, et al, for improvement. 
Granted, 

Guirado St., Camulos to Euclid; pet. 
from Anna Killifer, et.al, for sewer- 
ing. Granted. 

Hobart Blvd., from Adams to 29th; 
City Eng. presented for adoption 
maps of assessment dist. for improve- 
ment. Adopted. 

Hoover St., from 32nd to Kings- 
ley; pet. from Joseph Burkhardt, et 
al, asking that proceedings heretofore 
taken by which all assessment for 
opening of said street were approved, 
be rescinded, and that such assess- 
ment be returned to Bd. Pub. Wks. 
for further consideration. Denied. 

Hoover St., at 32nd; pet. from J. R. 
Urmstead, et al, for abandoning of 
proceedings for opening and widen- 
ing. Petition denied. 

Hill St., Pico to Washington; in 
matter of the action brought by the 
city against Waddell, et al, to obtain 
the land necessary for the widening 
of said street; City Atty. reported that 
the interlocutory judgment has been 
filed. 

Homewood Ave. and Valle Vista 
Ave., in Vermont Heights Tract; pet. 
from Suburban Improvement Co. for 
vacation and abandonment. Ref. to 
Bd. Pub. Wks. 

Howard St.; pet. from Kahn Tract 
Co. for abandonment of said street. 
Ref. to Bd. Pub. Wks. 

Hoover St., .Manchester Ave. to 
107 ft. south; .pet. from J. H. Har- 



rison, et al, for extension of opening 
and widening to a width of 60 ft. Ref. 
to Bd. Pub. Wks. 

Lake Shore Terrace; bet. Colton 
and Council; draft of ord. of inten- 
tion to improve, and determining that 
bonds shall be issued to represent the 
cost. Adopted. 

Los Angeles St.; ord. of intention 
to pave from 4th to 5th, and to sewer 
from Winston to 4th. Adopted. 

La Grande St., draft of ord. chang- 
ing name of said street, from its ter- 
minus west of Lemon St., to its ter- 
minus east of Santa Fe Ave., to the 
name cf 8th St. Adopted. 

Mott St., from 4th to 6th; draft of 
ord. of intention to improve and de- 
termining 'that bonds shall be issued 
to represent cost. Adopted. 

Marmion Way; Bd. Pub. (Wks. rec- 
ommended that proposed sewer ibe 
constructed of all concrete instead of 
a combination steel pipe and concrete 
construction. Ref. to Finance Com- 
mittee. 

Main St., bet. 5th and 6th; City 
Eng. recommended that a by-pass 
sewer be built at 5th St., and that 
westerly sewer bet. 5th and 6th Sts. 
be abandoned. Ref. to Sewer Comm. 

Normandie Ave., west side from a 
point 129 ft. north of 57th St. to a 
point 121.94 ft. south of 58th St.; 
draft of ord. authorizing property 
owners to improve by private con- 
tract. Adopted. 

Pomona St., bet. Prichard and 
Sierra, and a portion of the intersec- 
tion of said streets; draft of ord. 
of intention to change and establish 
grade. Adopted. 

'Royal St., from 32nd to Jefferson; 
draft of ord. of intention to change 
and establish grade. Adopted. 

Stephenson Ave., from Alameda to 
1st; draft of ord. establishing grade. 
Adopted. 

Sierra St., bet. Flora Ave. and Po- 
mona St.; draft of ord. of intention 
to change and establish grade. 
Adopted. 

Stanford Ave., bet. Vernon Ave. 
and 45th St.; pet. from A. K. Hay, et 
al, asking for abandonment of pro- 
ceedings for opening and widening. 
Denied. 

Sunset Blvd., Marion Ave. to Main; 
pet. from Clark & Sherman Land Co. 
for paving. Granted. 

Stephenson Ave., Camulos to Eu- 
clid; pet. from Anna Killifer, et al, 
for sewering. Granted. 

Western Ave., bet. Washington and 
24'th; draft of ord. of intention to 
change and establish grade. Adopted. 

General Legislation 

Additional Quarters for City De- 
partments; recommendation of Bldg. 
Comm. that 12 rooms in Merchants 
Trust Bldg. be rented for 2 years at 
monthly rental of $240 (with the priv- 
ilege of sub-leasing), to relieve con- 
gestion in City Hall. Adopted. 



Bd. Pub. Utilities; request that 30 
days instead of 10 days be allowed 
to investigate proposed franchises. 
Adopted. 

City Jail; upon recommendation of 
Pres. Works, Legislation Comm. was 
requested to investigate by what 
authority felony prisoners are impris- 
oned in L. A. City Jail and by what 
authority the city detective force is 
used to enforce the state felony laws. 

City Jail Site; 'comm. from J. J. 
Shore, offering a site for City Jail 
purposes. ; Referred to the Building 
Committee. 

Claim for Damages; pet. from An- 
nie Kenealy, presenting demand and 
claim for damages to lots 16 and 17, 
Blk. 4, Diamond Tract, on account of 
the improvement of Vendome St. Re- 
ferred to the Finance Committee. 

Engstrum Demand; demand against 
Fire Oept. in favor of F. O. Engstrum 
Co. for $4,000 retd. to Council by City 
Auditor with the request that it be 
ref. to Bd. iPub. Wks. Granted. 

Electric Light; pet. from G.'P. Hall, 
et al, for an electric light at the in- 
tersection of Santa Cruz St. and Lake 
Shore Ave. Ref. to Bd. Pub. Wks. 

Harbor Committee; the president of 
Council appointed (Messrs. Lusk, Bet- 
kouski and Williams, Committee on 
Harbors. 

Industrial District; pet. from E. E. 
Thomas asking that the territory 
bounded by Jefferson St., Grand Ave., 
Lot 3, E. E. Thomas tract and Hope 
St., be created an industrial district. 
Referred to the Legislation Commit- 
tee. 

Industrial District; pet. from Tal- 
bot Concrete Building Co., asking 
that the district in the immediate vi- 
cinity of Avenue 36 and Pasadena 
Ave. be placed in the industrial dis- 
trict. Referred to the Legislation 
Committee. 

Industrial District; pet. from Au- 
gust Elsen, et al, asking that Lots 
121-122, Brooks Sub. of Philbin Tract, 
be placed in the industrial district. 
Referred 'to the Legislation Commit- 
tee. 

Kerosene Ordinance; ord. prohibit- 
ing the placing of kerosene in any can 
or other receptacle which is painted 
red, also providing that provisions of 
said section shall not prohibit the fill- 
ing of a gasoline tank when same is 
on or is a part of any automobile or 
motorcycle. Adopted. 

License Collections; City Tax and 
License Collector .made recommenda- 
tion to Council for collection of back 
licenses as follows: "That when any- 
one is convicted of carrying on a 
business without a license, and the 
evidence shows that they have been 
doing the same business without a li- 
cense for any length of time, and re- 
fuse to pay the back license due the 
city, that the City Atty. then bring 
civil suit to collect said back license." 
Ref. to City Atty. 



BANK CLEARINGS 



Los Angeles bank clearinss from Jan. 6th to 12th inclusive, showing 
comparisons with corresponding weeks of 1909 and 1908: 

1910. 1909. 1908. 

January 6 $ 2,386.956.45 $ 1,911,085.65 $ 1,306.798.51 

January 7 2,125.664.63 1.732.642.98 1,343,262.24 

Tanuary 8 2,132,863.70 1.733,242.24 1,494.670.50 

January 10 2,439.629.79 1,903.337.40 1,892,418.56 

Tanuary 11 .' 2,455.134.57 2,368.532.79 1.549.343.26 

January 12 2,972,245.72 2,599.754.25 1,637,564.11 

Total ' $14,512,494.86 $12,248,595.31 $9,224,057.18 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



Lawrence Burke's Cottage Home 
Tract: 

under and along Lots 
nd D of tract. Deed 
Library Board; appointment of \\ 
member of the I 
m6rmed. 
Main St. Bridge; City Eng. rc- 
concrete coping and 
railinj with report that 

the lowest bid, represented 

a price greater by 50 per cent than 
the pi the two previous con- 

of work already 
let by the city, and claimed that the 
I be done by city forces for 
>; and recommended 
tliat all bid- be rejected and he be 
rized to proceed with the work 

in this manner. Adopted. 

Marking City's Vehicles; m 
from Mayor recommending that an 
providing that ail ve- 
hicles belonging to city except those 
•litis violators of the 
! law-, be marked plainly, witli 
the name of dept. to which they be- 
long, to prevent the use of city's 
machines for private purposes. Ref. 
to City Atty. with instruction to pre- 
pare such ord. Motion that a garage 
be secured for city automobiles and 
a checker be employed to check au- 
tomobiles, whose duty it should be 
to keep a record of persons taking 
out machine-, together with a record 
of the time taken and time returned, 
to prevent their being used for private 
purposes. Ref. to Supply Comm. 

New Streets Must Coincide with 
Old Ones; motion that ord. be pre- 
sented, providing that in all subdivis- 
i"ii- and maps of tracts to be sub- 
divided, the -treets and alleys in sub- 
divisions to be recorded shall coincide 
with streets and alleys in adjacent 
tracts and subdivisions. Adopted. 

Ord. Abandoning Franchise Ve- 
toed; Mayor retd. without approval 
ord. consenting to the abandonment 
of a railroad franchise granted to 
Robt. Marsh on West Pico St., bet. 
Delaware Drive and western city 
limits, for the reason that Bd. Pub. 
Utilities had been unable to investi- 
gate thoroughly. Ref. to Bd. Pub. 
Utilities. 

Offices for City Atty.; communica- 
tion from Chas. H. McFarland offer- 
ing offices in the Copp Bldg., for of- 
fices for the the City Atty. Filed. 

Police Surgeons Appointed; ord. 
providing for the appointment of a 
police surgeon and 3 assistant police 
surgeons. Adopted,, said ord. to re- 
peal former ord. providing for 2 po- 
lice surgeons. 

Playground Commission; request 
that com. be allowed to build a di- 
rector's bungalow at not more than 
$3,000 at Echo Park Playground. Ref 
to Finance 'Com. 

Park Commission; appointments of 
Charles Silent, H. W. O'Melveny and 
J. B. Lippincott as members of the 
Park Commission. Confirmed. 

Petition for Deed; pet. from Mary 
Cane, for deed to lot IS. in blk. 3, of 
the Sanchez Tr. Referred to the City 
Atty. 

Rose Hill Crossing; with reference 
to proposed overhead crossing known 
as Rose Hill crossing on Mission 
Road, Bridge Com. recommended that 
Bd. Pub. Wks. furnish 'Council with 
estimate of probable cost, and City 
Atty. be instructed to advise Coun- 
cil if bridge was constructed would 
city have to pay any of cost and fur- 
ther has city the right to compel Ry. 
Co.'s to maintain overhead crossings. 
Adopted. 

Rancho San Pedro, Wilmington; 
City Eng. presented a map of Tract 
No. 584. a new subdivision of a por- 
tion of said rancho. Re-referred to 
City Eng. for report as to whether or 
not the streets ami alleys in map pre- 
sented coincide with the streets and 
alleys in adjacent subdivisions. 

Repairs to City Hall, San Pedro; 
report of Bd. Pub. Wks. recommend- 



ing • : alterations to 

budding, ! 

■m. 

Refilling Oil Wells; ord, making it 
unlawful for an 

be tilled without a person oil' 
by oil inspector being pri 
Adopted, 

Railway Franchises Vetoed; ord 
; Dec 28, 1909, granting to 1. A. 
Ry. Co., a franchise for a street rail- 
way on Alpine St. between I'.uena 
and San Fernando St- . • 

by Mayor : That 

although this ordinance was referred 
to Board of Public Utilities thai 
On account of lack of time and facili- 
ties had not been able to make a 
thorough investigation. Thai no 
has d to show that the pub- 

lic service or rig it ion - 

er- will be affected materially by said 
necessary for an ta- 
xation. That, except under ex- 
ional circumstances Franchises 
Should not be granted to railroad- in 
short blocks or without ample pro- 
visions for the payment by the guar- 
antees of all cost accruing from the 
construction of such railroads or from 
ges in drainage, etc. That, as 
1 by Bd. Pub. Utilities, no val- 
uable franchises of any sort should 
be granted without adequate estima- 
tion of the intrinsic value thereof to 
the guarantees, with a fair adjustment 
of compensation to be made 'to the 
city on such basis. The offer of $100 
each for any and all franchises re- 
gardless of their widely varying values 
is to be condemned. That the grant- 
ing of two or more disconnected 
franchises in the same ordinance is 
unwise. Council reconsidered said 
ord. and referred it to the Bd. Pub. 
Utilities for further investigation. 

Ord. passed Dec. 28, 1909, granting 
a franchise for a s'treet railway on 
Melrose Ave. from Heliotrope Drive 
to Normandie Ave., vetoed by Mayor, 
for the reasons that it is bad policy 
to grant franchises over parts of any 
established system in such form that 
the dates of expiration of fractional 
portions shall expire at different 
dates, if it can be avoided. Also, that 
Bd. Pub. Utilities has not as yet been 
able to thoroughly investigate fran- 
chise, that the public welfare or pri- 
vate rights of petitioners would not 
be affected by delay in investigating; 
that except, under exceptional circum- 
stances the Board of Public Utilities 
cannot approve of granting franchises 
in short blocks or without ample pro- 
vision for the payment 'by the guar- 
antees of all cost accruing from con- 
struction or from changes in drainage, 
etc. Council re-considered ord. and 
referred it to Bd. Pub. Utilities for 
further investigation. 

Rebate of Taxes; pet. from Robt. 
C. McCormick for rebate of taxes in 
the amount of $29.40, on account of 
erroneous assessment. Referred to 
the Finance 'Committee. 

Rebate of Taxes; pet. from Henry 
M. Hurd. for rebate of taxes in the 
amount of $11.76 on account of dou- 
ble assessment of personal property. 
Referred to the Finance Committee. 
Reading of Minutes Eliminated; 
motion that reading of minutes of 
Jan. 3rd and 4th, be dispensed with. 
Adopted. 

Storm Water; communication from 
N. B. Walker, relative to storm water 
on iHoover St. south of Santa Mohica 
Ave. Referred to the Board of Pub- 
lic Works. 

From C. W. Brockman, et al, ask- 
ing relief from s'torm water that 
comes down Main St. from 37th to 
Slanson Ave. Referred to the Board 
of Public Works. 

From B. 'S. Wolcott, et al. asking 
for relief from storm water on San 
Pedro St. at 30th St. Referred to 
the Board of Public Works. 

Street Ordinance; ord. regulating 
the making and re-filling of excava- 
tions in public streets, alleys, side- 
walks and other public places, retd. 



layor without approval an.: 
incil 
St. Ry. Franchise; bid • 

franchise commencing at inters 

rmont and 39th St-., opposed by 
'alp. Utilities, in report !•> 

oil and retd, to ltd. for furthe. 
sideration. 
Salaries of Chairmen; petition 

increase of -alarie- of chairmen I 
nied. 

Spur Track; pel. for spur track 
franchise from the So I alifor- 

nia Hardwood Manufacturing Com- 
pany. Denied. 

Salt Water System for San Pedro 
Denied; recommendation of Fire Com. 
mission that fund- be provided foi 
the installation of proposed high 
pressure sail water system for San 
Pedro. Denied. 

Temple St. Engine House Denied; 
motion of ex-Councilman Clampitt 
for an appropriation of $12. .-fill tin for 
the construction of a fire engine house 
on Temple St. adjacent to present fire- 
engine house. Denied. 

Tract No. 684; City Eng. presented 
for adoption, a map of said tract, a 
new subdivision lying west of Wes- 
tern Ave. and south of 2nd St. Re- 
referred to City Eng. for report a? 
to whether or not the streets and al- 
leys in the map presented coincide 
with the streets and alleys in adjacent 
subdivisions. 

Traffic Ordinance; ord. providing 
that all vehicles other than automo- 
biles should be required to place a 
tail light on left hand side of said 
vehicle, the state laws governing tail 
lights on automobiles. Adopted. 

Bids Received 

For the Improvement of Wabash 
Avenue from the east line of Soto St. 
to the produced east line of Ever- 
green Avenue, more particularly de- 
scribed in Ordinance No. 19363 (New 
Series). 

Bids Awarded 

For the Transportation of Freight, 

under Specifications No. 120. Award- 
ed to J. A. Hill: Item 1 (a), Hauling 
freight, per ton mile, 28c; Item 2 (a), 
Hauling freight, per ton mile, 30c. 

For furnishing 110 40 ft., cedar poles 

for the Bureau Fire Alarm and Po- 
lice Telegraph, awarded to Western 
Electric Co. at $7.50 each. 

Building Permits 

From Jan. 3 to Jan. 7, 1910, inclu- 
sive, J. J. Backus, the Chief Inspectot 
of Buildings, issued 148 permits, 
amounting to $263,438, which are 
classed as follows: 

No. of Valua- 
Permits. tion. 

Class C 5 $ 82,445 

Class D, 1 Story 52 77,277 

Class D, V/ 2 Story 9 19,100 

Class D, 2 Story 16 61,325 

Class D, 3 'Story 1 1,500 

Sheds 13 1,116 

Foundations 1 3,250 

Brick Alterations 16 6,057 

Frame Alterations 32 11,068 

Demolitions 3 300 

Total 148 $263,438 

Comparison with last year: From 
Jan. 2 to Jan. 7, 1909, inclusive, No. 
of permits, 129; valuation, $172,976. 

Following is a report iby wards, 
from Jan. 3 to Jan. 7, inclusive: 

No. of Valua- 
Permits. tion. 

Ward One 10 $ 8,250 

Ward Two 17 31.26S 

Ward Three 23 43,885 

Ward Four 12 25.784 

Ward Five 37 50.336 

Ward Six 23 14.102 

Ward Seven 10 79.785 

Ward Eight 5 4,400 

Ward Nine 11 5.628 

Total 148 $263,438 

Compiled by Mark C. Cohn. Chief 
Clerk. 



IS 

"THE MURDERS IN THE RUE 
MORGUE" 



iiued from page It); 

well as the 

er so 
much -o as scarcelj to retain any 
sembl humanity. 

"To this horrible mystery there is 
not as yet, we believe, t: 

I I I next day'- paper had 
additional particulars: — 

"The Tragedy in the Rue Morgue. 
— Many individuals haw been ex- 
amined" in relation to thi- most extra- 
ordinary ami frightful affaire" (the 
word affaire ha- not yet, in France, 
that levity of import which it con- 
vey- with us), "but nothing whatever 
hi transpired to throw light upon it. 
We give below all the material i ti 
mony elicited. 

"Pauline IDubourg, laundress, de- 
poses that she has known both the 
decea-ed for three years, having 
washed for them during that period. 
The old lady and her daughter seemed 
on good terms, — very affectionate to- 
wards each other. They were excel- 
lent pay. Could not speak in regard 
to their mode or means of living. Be- 
lieved that Madame L. told fortunes 
for a living. Was reputed to have 
money put by. iNeVer met any per- 
sons in the house when she called for 
the clothes or took them home. Was 
sure that they had no servant in em- 
ploy. There appeared to be no fur- 
niture in any part of the building, ex- 
cept in the fourth story. 

"Pierre Moreau, tobacconist, de- 
poses that he has been in the habit of 
selling small quantities of tobacco and 
snuff to Madame L'Espanaye for 
nearly four years. Was born in the 
neighborhood, and has always resided 
there. The deceased and her daugh- 
ter had occupied the house in which 
the corpses were found for more than 
six years. It was formerly occupied 
by a jeweler, who under-let the upper 
rooms to various persons. The house 
was the property of Madame L. She 
became dissatisfied with the abuse of 
the premises by her tenant, and moved 
into them herself, refusing to let any 
portion. The old lady was childish. 
Witness had seen the daughter some 
five or six times during the six years. 
The two lived an exceedingly retired 
life, — were reputed to have money. 
Had heard it said among the neigh- 
bors that Madame L. told fortunes; 
did not believe it. Had never seen 
any person enter the door except the 
old lady and her daughter, a porter 
once or twice, and a physician some 
eight or ten times. 

".Many other persons, neighbors, 
gave evidence to the same effect. No 
one was spoken of as frequenting the 
house. It was not known whether 
there were any living connections of 
Madame L. and her daughter. The 
shutters of the front windows were 
seldom opened. Those in the rear 
w r ere always closed, with the excep- 
tion of the large back room, fourth 
story. The house was a good house, 
not very old. 

(To be continued) 

"What was your husband saying to 
you last night?" "Nothing." "Why, 
I was sure I heard him talking to you 
for over an hour." "You did." — 
Houston Post. 



"I want to look at some dresses 
suitable for automobiling," said the 
lady. "Yes, ma'am," replied the 
polite clerk; "these walking-skirts are 
the thing." — Yonkers Statesman. 



A Kentuckian avows that he owes 
his long life to a steady diet of pie. 
This is not strange, for it has long 
been noted that office holders gen- 
erally are a long-living tribe. — Aug- 
usta Herald. 



La Follette's and 

Pacific Outlook 

Announcement 

Pacific Outlook has made arrangements with the publishers of La Fol- 
lette's Weekly Magazine to combine subscriptions with this paper. 
Readers of Pacific Outlook know our paper and its policy. 

It stands unqualifiedly, and without fear, for that which it believes to 
be true, clean, honest and right in human affairs— political, secular, com- 
mercial and industrial; and in its columns will always maintain an un- 
prejudiced and impartial attitude in its discussion of all subjects of uni- 
versal or local interest. 

La Follette's Weekly stands for an honest government, administered 
by true representatives who really represent the people — not special 
interests. 

SUPPOSE you were the owner of valuable property and chose and 
paid servants for stated periods to guard and administer this property 
for you. AND SUPPOSE one of your servants should write you a (per- 
sonal letter each week telling you the plain truth about your property 
and about some of your servants and how they were squandering and 
giving away your property which you paid them to guard and conserve 
for you. Wouldn't you be willing to pay the postage — 2 cents per 
week — on those letters? 

THIS LETTER IS CALLED 
LA FOLLETTE'S WEEKLY NEWS-MAGAZINE 

It is written under the direction of Sen. Robert M. La Follette, from 
behind the scenes at headquarters each week, and it is a personal letter 
intended for you because you are one of the owners of the United States 
the property of which is being confiscated and given away to moneyed 
interests by some of your public servants. 

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^T) Index to Easiness Houses, Professions, Etc, (j- 



ART GLASS AND GLAZING 

CRESCENT ART GLASS CO., 
818 S. Main. F5373; Broadway 25i. 

APARTMENTS 

THE ST. REGIS, Housekeeping 

237 S. Flower. A7336; Main 2290 

DENTISTS 
DR. WM. D. FLORY, F2844 

455 S. Broadway Rooms 3-4 

DRY GOODS 

VILLE DE PARIS, 10893; Main 893 
317-325 S. Broadway, 314-322 S. Hill 

EXCURSIONS 

BALLOON ROUTE, L. A. Pac. Co. 
Station, Hill St., bet. 4th and 5th. 
10355: Broadway 4000. 

FURNITURE 

BARKER BROS., 413. S. Main St., 
420 S. Spring St. 10265; Main 8900 

HAIR SPECIALISTS 
PROF. GEO. A. GARLOW, Room 
426 Citizens' Nat. Bank Bldg., Third 
and Main. 

INVESTMENTS & INSURANCE 
G. G. JOHNSON, 603 H. W. Hellman 
Bldg., Fourth and Spring, A9232; 
Main 1819. 

LAUNDRIES 

ELECTRIC LAUNDRY CO., 
806-14 E. 16th St. B4231;So. 580 



MEN'S FURNISHINGS 
HARRIS & FRANK, 
. 437 >3 S. Spring. 10891 ; Main 9477 

W. HUNTER & CO., 
525 So. Spring. Main 4127 

OFFICES TO RENT 

LISSNER BLDG., 524 S. Spring 

Single rooms as low as $12.50. 

PIANOS AND ORGANS 

GEO J. BIRKEL & CO., Steinwav, 
Kranich and Bach, Cecilian and Vic- 
tor Dealers. 345-47 S. Spring. 

BARTLETT MUSIC CO., 
Autopiano Agents, 231 S. Broadway 

SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA MUSIC 
CO., Chickering & Pianola Agents, 
332-4 S. Broadway. 

REAL ESTATE 

MINES & FARISH, 353 S. Hill St. 
High Class Investments. 

SPORTING GOODS 

WM. H. HOEGEE CO., Inc. 
138-42 S. Main. 10087; Main 8447 

STUDIOS TO RENT 
BLANCHARD HALL. Devoted ex- 
clusively to Music, Art, Science. 233 
S. Broadway; 232 S. Hill. 

STORAGE A*.D MOVING 

BEKINS, 1335 S. Figueroa 

22562 Broadway 3773 

TILES 

PACIFIC -TILE & MA.NTEL CO., 
716-18 S. Spring. rSMl; Main 2127 




Home A7336 



Sunset Main 2290 



(Sift $t. IR?5i0 

SfoMHftepiug Ajiartamrta 

FIVE MINUTES WALK to Third 
and Broadway. Modern Apartments 
and Single Rooms at moderate prices. 
Private Telephone in each Apartment 
or Single Room. 237 S. Flower St. 





Nothing Like It Anywhere 



- - . The Great Scenic Railway Trolley Trip. Most won- 

n/lt LOW 6 derful of them a11 in diversity and beauty of its 

* scenery and scope and variety of its views. Two 

=^===> hours from Los Angeles to the crest of the Sierras. 

Other Points of Interest to Tourists: 

Pasadena, San Gabriel Mission, Founded in 1771; Monrovia 
Sierra Madre and Glendale 

Beautiful Seashore Rides embrace Long Beach, San Pedro, Point Fir- 
min, Huntington Beach, Newport and Balboa and Catalina Island. All 
made possible by fast and frequent service with the Big Red Cars from 
Sixth and Main Sts. Terminal, Los Angeles, Cal. 



The Misses Page School for Girls 

243 WEST ADAMS STREET 
Home Phone 21202 
Sunset South 3539 

Amid ideal surroundings and directed by competent teachers the 
girls of this School make rapid progress. In addition to the regular 
school studies they are taught vocal and instrumental music, drawing 
and painting, and physical culture. Ample facilities are afforded for 
recreation and the girls' home training and moral'welfare is attended 
to in a manner to bring out the sweet and beautiful in character, so 
essential to true womanhood. 

A School for Boys 

Under the same management, located at 137 West Adams Street. 
Telephone Home 21203. The boys receive military instruction, Cap- 
tain Robert T. Gibbs being commandant. 

This is a splendid home for boys and also a well regulated school- 
home where the character training of the boy is given the importance 
it deserves. The proverb "Train up the child in the way he should 
go; and when he is old he will not depart from it," is exemplified at 
this school. Boys here are taught manliness, obedience, punctuality, 
industry and learning in a way fitting them suitably as foundation 
stones for life's progress. Boys of any age after 5 years admitted. 
Each boy is held to be an individual. Not being held back by class 
restrictions his progress is rapid and certain. 

Call, Telephone or Write for Catalogue. p np iU admitted at an? time. 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



Vol. VIII. Mo. 4, 



Los JIngeles, California, January 22, 1910 



5 Cents— $I.OO a Year 



LET US FLY 



Los Angeles lias again demonstrated its 
right to precedence as the most thoroughly 
progressive city in the Union. First in 
growth of population, first in political ad- 
vancement and now first in aviation. No 
doubt the Eastern press will suggest that it 
was properly the function of the City of the 
Angels to make the first excursions heaven- 
ward, and some of our jealous northern 
neighbors may insinuate that it is the high 
price of land hereabouts that has driven 
people up into the air; but with hotels filled 
to overflowing, with passenger trains com- 
ing in in sections, and with thousands of vis- 
itors from all over the world rejoicing in the 
glories of our climate, we can afford to 
smile complacently at the jibes of the en- 
vious ones. 

A splendid success, Aviation Week is un- 
animously voted, and honor is justly given 
to those who cleverly conceived it and ably 
carried it out. The idea originated with the 
local actor-manager, Dick Ferris, who 
seems to have accepted Shakespeare's sug- 
gestion that all the world is a stage quite 
literally, and proceeded forthwith to get 
himself into the international limelight. 
Now that it is all over his stunt looks easy 
enough — big stunts often look that way — 
but no doubt there was a time when nearly 
everybody said it was impossible, or would 
be a fizzle, and the committee on guarantee 
fund was sick of the job— and all that. 
Everyone who has been in work of this kind 
knows what it is like behind the scenes. 

But Mr. Huntington was willing to risk 
$10,000 cash and a gocd deal more on the 
guarantee, and a good committee from the 
Merchants' Association took hold in earn- 
est and things began to happen just as they 
should, after the Los Angeles style. There 
were plenty of other cities in America that 
might have had an aviation week — but they 
did not. It was Los Angeles, far away on 
the rim of the continent, that had it first, 
and had it successfully. 

One happy feature of the affair — up to 
present writing at least — was that none of 
the local inventors were able to start their 
machines off the ground. Had they man- 
aged to hoist them up in the air. they must 
of necessity have been compelled to come 
down again, and then there would in all 
probability have been a tragedy to mar the 
serene pleasures of the week. 
+ + * 

HENEY AND THE GOVERNORSHIP 



The people of California are looking about 
for a Governor. The name of Francis J. 
Hency has been suggested for consideration, 
and unless there comes from him presently 
an authoritative statement that he will un- 
der no circumstances be a candidate, a dis- 
cussion of his availability will run through 
the State. 

Mr. Heney is at present in Oregon trvmg 
Binger Hermann for land frauds. Mr. Hei- 
mann should always be remembered by 'he 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 

Published Every Saturday 

837 South Spring St. 

Los Angeles, California, 

by the 

PACIFIC OUTLOOK COMPANY 

Subscription price $1.00 a year in advance. 
Single copies 5 cents at all news stands. 



A. M. DUNN, Manager 
C. D. WILLARD Editorial Contributor 



NOTICE TO SUBSCRIBERS— The Pacific Out- 
look is mailed to subscribers through the Los 
Angeles Post Office every Friday, and should 
be delivered in every part of the city by Satur- 
day's post. If for any reason it should be de- 
layed, or be delivered in poor condition, sub- 
scribers will confer a favor upon the publishers 
by giving them immediate notice. 

Entered it lecond-claBS matter April c, 1907, at the poltomce at 
Lot An£elei, California, under the act of Congren of March 1, 1879. 



people of Los Angeles as the member of 
the House of Representatives who engi- 
neered the litle trick in the River and 
Harbor Committee, by which Mr. C. P. 
Huntington hoped to get us permanently 
bottled up with a corporation harbor at 
Santa Monica. No doubt he will be acquitted 
by the Oregon courts — the biggest ones us- 
ually go free — the laws are arranged to that 
end — but the people of this city will have 
their own opinion of Mr. B. Hermann just 
the same. Fortunately, there is no law as yet 
against having an opinion, although it does 
exclude one from serving his country as ? 
juryman. 

But to return to Mr. Heney. We are not 
posted as to whether he would consider any 
project that would put him into the gover- 
norship contest. Mr. Heney is not a man 
of means. He has been serving the city of 
San Francisco for the past three years with- 
out compensation. The governor's salary 
is small, the position offers no financial pos- 
sibilities to a scrupulous man, and yet the 
expense of a campaign, particularly under 
the existing direct primary law, will be very 
considerable. The candidate of the machine 
need not worry on this score, as the South- 
ern Pacific and allied corporations will gra- 
ciously assume all risk, but with an ind:- 
pendent candidate these matters muse re- 
ceive serious consideration. 

Assuming that Mr. Heney might be will- 
ing to make the run for the good of the 
cause, and including as part of the assump- 
tion that public-spirited citizens provide a 
fund to cover necessary campaign expense, 
three questions are then to be considered: 
What kind of a Governor would Heney 
make? Would he make a strong candidate 
before the people of the State? What chance 
would he have of winning the Republican 
nomination under the direct prmary? 

We believe Mr. Heney would make just 
the kind of a Governor California needs in 
this crisis. This State has been so long and 
so thoroughly under the domination of the 



Soul hern Pacific working through the Re- 
publican machine or "organization," that 
the first requisite of a Governor under a re- 
form regime would be a positive, deliberate 
and determined opposition to the road and 
its machine. What the people want right 
now in California is a crusader of the 
Roosevelt type, not a fat smiling, Good- 
Lord-good-devil kind of a compromiser that 
hopes to be on both sides at once but in the 
end does business for the enemy. At this 
stage of the proceedings the State will be 
vastly better off with a chief executive that 
belongs to the people, even if he does have 
a handicap in the way of a few personal ec- 
centricities, than with some highly respected 
business man or efficient officer against 
whom nothing at all can be urged, except 
that he is owned by the Southern Pacific 
corporation. 

Heney is a real man with the 'bark on. 
Although society has been at work on him 
many years, it has not yet got him trimmed 
down and smoothed up to be a perfect gent 
under all circumstances. When somebody 
calls him a liar he immediately starts out 
cross-lots over tables and chairs in his di- 
rection, and the man who proposes a fight 
usually gets Heney's answer by a shorter 
process than a special delivery stamp. We 
agree entirely with the noble sentiments of 
the Second Reader: "Now this was very 
wrong in little Frankie," but at the same 
time we suspect that had he been any the 
less a fighter and any the more an Admirable 
Crichtcn, he might not have been ready to 
fling himself time after time, regardless of 
danger, up against the serried ranks of thugs 
and bullies and slanderers hired to obstruct 
justice in the wickedest city of America. 
For three years he stood up to it, fighting 
every inch of the way, with an energy, cour- 
age and persistence that should give him a 
. place in history among the heroes produced 
on this coast. True, he lost, but that of it- 
self signifies nothing. In a larger sense he 
has won, for his long fierce battling opened 
the eyes of the people of the State to the 
conditions that exist, and for which they are 
as voters responsible, in a way that no calm 
diplomatic court procedure ever could have 
done. 

But will he make a good executive? We 
believe he will. Perhaps not a perfectly 
smooth and well-greased article like the in- 
cumbent, but an executive that is good for 
the State and for the people of the State. 
Up to the moment when the hired mud- 
batteries of Calhoun were turned upon him, 
Francis J. Heney was recognized as an at- 
torney of first-class abilities. His pugnacious 
temperament was counted as a point in his 
favor, in view of the line of work he had to 
do. When he agreed to undertake the pros- 
ecution of Ruef, a universal cry of ioy went 
up. in which the lawyers of San Francisco 
and Los Angeles joined, that a man of his 
high standing would be willing to enter 
upon so disagreeable and yet so necessary 
a task. Has Heney changed any in those 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



three years? If so, it is to improve; for he 
has received and has profited by many les- 
sons in keeping his temper. Have the .views 
of the lawyers changed? Yes; verily. To 
many of them Heney is no longer a hero ; 
not because he failed to convict the higher- 
ups — for it is admitted that would have re- 
quired the aid of a miracle — but because he 
has behaved indecorously in court. 

The real Francis J. Heney has many char- 
acteristics that are sorely needed by a Gov- 
ernor of California for the years 1911-1914; 
he has courage, independence, honesty, 
frankness, good sense, industry, persistence, 
hopefulness, confidence in the people, and a 
desire to do justice to all. He has some char- 
acteristics that are not in his favor, but they 
are, in our opinion, of trifling importance 
compared with the others. 

Would he make a strong candidate before 
the people? Undoubtedly yes. Can you 
name anyone who would be stronger? Every 
body in the State knows who Heney is and 
what work he has been doing in the last 
six or seven years. They have absolute con- 
fidence in his honesty; they know he is the 
friend of the people and is not for the South- 
ern Pacific machine. Of how many promi- 
nent men, well known all over the State, 
can you say the same? It may be true per- 
haps, but do the people know it? 

Recognizing his strength on one side, we 
must also recognize his weakness on the 
other. No man will be more fiercely fought 
by the machine. The big grafters will fairly 
lay down their fortunes to beat him. The 
tough element, the reactionaries, the ultra 
partisans would all be against him. But 
that is not all. To these we must add — and 
we do it sadly enough — some 10,000 or 15,- 
000 particular people, lawyers, judges, club- 
men — perfect gents every one of 'em — who 
feel that Mr. Heney's rude conduct in the 
San Francisco court room must deprive him 
of the grace of their countenances. So be 
it. Put them in the 'bag with the others. 
There are three kinds of people in this 
world : those who are for the right, those 
who are for the wrong, and the misguided. 
Yes, we know; we may be in the latter class 
ourself this time. But just for this once 
we will take a chance. This world is get- 
ting so complicated that when we find a 
man who has the great primary, simple, old- 
fashioned virtues — like courage and hones- 
ty — we prefer to hang onto him until some- 
thing that is undoubtedly better turns up. 
As yet it hasn't, and the outlook is not ' 
reassuring. 

The third inquiry, as to Heney's chance 
in a Republican direct primary, is to some 
extent answered in the foregoing paragraph. 
The strength that he would have before the 
people of the State as a whole, he would 
have with the three-fifths that constitute 
the Republican party, although not quite in 
the same proportion. Of course, if he 
should win the Republican nomination he 
would be elected even though the machine 
went bodily over to the Democratic party — 
which it unquestionably would do. But for 
the fact that we have a direct primary law, 
which, among other iniquities, is calculated 
to make an independent nomination almost 
impossible, it might be best for Heney to 
make the run as a non-partisan. In the last 
State election Mr. Heney voted Republican 
and his standing in that party remains good, 
in spite of his nomination for District At- 
torney of San Francisco by Democrats and 
Good Government people. 

Two years ago the Lincoln-Roosevelt 
League very nearly carried the State, al- 
though there was then no direct primary 



and they had no candidate for the Senate, 
and although they labored under many hard- 
ships. The independent sentiment, and the 
feeling against the railway control of Re- 
publican politics has grown stronger in the 
last two years. Heney would represent the 
progressive element in the party, while the 
Southern Pacific machine candidate would 
represent the reactionary. It would be a 
clean-cut contest for the control of the 
State, and we believe the people would win. 
At any rate there would be — as the case 
appears now — a better chance of success 
with a man of Heney's character and stand- 
ing than with some one less well known al- 
though perhaps less fiercely criticised. 
•j. *j» *$* 

SAN FRANCISCO'S PLIGHT 



The good people of San Francisco — with 
the accent on the "good" — are certainly en- 
titled to the sympathy of all who can appre- 
ciate what bad government means to a city. 
There are good people in San Francisco, 
many of them, but not plenty of them. 
When the decent people in any community 
are in the majority, and when, in spite of 
that fact, the city government is bad, the 
good people are not entitled to much sym- 
pathy. A man who has a remedy for his 
trouble within easy reach, and is too lazy or 
too stupid to reach out and take it, gets con- 
tempt, not pity. But a careful analysis of 
the political, social and moral, or immoral, 
career of San Francisco during the past 
decade shows beyond the shadow of a doubt 
that the majority of the people of that city 
do not want good government, they are not 
in favor of morality, they wish to maintain 
"wide-open" town, and that for the most 
ignoble of reasons — because they 'believe 
there is money in it. There are good peo- 
ple, but they are in a lower percentage, we 
believe, than in any other large American 
city. Under such conditions they are en- 
titled to sympathy, not blame. 

These facts are brought home to us by an 
examination of the report of the commis- 
sion appointed by Mayor Taylor to investi- 
gate the causes of municipal corruption in 
San Francisco. A summary of the findings 
of this committee was given to the public 
by the Associated Press, but the report in 
full was published in the issue of the Cali- 
fornia Weekly of January 7th. The com- 
mission contained William Denman, a 
prominent lawyer; Alexander Goldstein, a 
public-spirited and successful business man ; 
Rev. Wrri. K. Guthrie, a Presbyterian 
clergyman; William Kent, former president 
of the Municipal Voters' League of Chicago 
and a large property owner in this State; 
Dr. Henry Gibbons, Jr., dean of the Cooper 
Medical College; Will French, a conserva- 
tive labor leader, and Father D. O. Crow- 
ley of the Roman Catholic Church. These 
men were named by Mayor Taylor over a 
year ago. Their report is a temperate, com- 
prehensive, well-digested document of about 
18,000 words. It gives names and dates, 
quotes some important documents in full, 
tells the story of the graft prosecutions and 
makes a number of recommendations. 

Studying this report, one can see that its 
preparation was a sad task for the men to 
whom that duty was assigned. They all 
love San Francisco — indeed It is one of the 
most lovable cities on the globe, for all its 
badness — and several of them were born 
there. No one can study the situation in 
that city deep down to its very roots with- 
out appreciating its deadly seriousness. 
While the recommendations themselves are 
mild enough, there is matter in the report 



that must make bitter reading to the loyal 
people of San Francisco. It is all very well 
to say, "Don't Knock — Boost." Anybody 
can be a booster, or a boaster, or a braggart, 
but it takes a man of courage to tell the un- 
palatable truth that needs to be told. For 
years Sari Francisco has gone on the prin- 
ciple of "Hush ! It will hurt business," and 
present conditions are the logical result. 

The deep significance of the report does 
not lie in its recommendations nor in its his- 
torical detail but in the sorrowful showing 
of the state of public sentiment with re- 
spect to the chief moral. issues with which 
every community has to grapple. For ex- 
ample, we quote : "Men of recognized promi- 
nence in the social and financial life of the 
city openly admitted their proprietorship in 
gambling ventures of the most sordid char- 
acter. The proprietor and manager of the 
Emeryville racetrack, the largest and most 
widel}' demoralizing gambling establish- 
ment west of the Rocky Mountains, has 
been elected since the fire to the directorate 
of one of the oldest clubs in San Francisco. 
This organization has long occupied a com- 
manding position in the social history of the 
city." The report then quotes the petition 
to the Supervisors urging them not to abol- 
ish the gambling slot machines, which was 
signed by a majority of the large commer- 
cial banks of the city. 

Another example. We quote: "One of 
the largest of these assignation places was 
located on a prominent corner of the down 
town shopping district. The building, fi.ve 
stories in height, had four stories devoted 
to the private supper bedrooms. The land 
was owned in trust by one of the largest 
trust companies in the West. A lease was 
sought and obtained by a man notorious in 
the line of business above described. The 
building was constructed toy the trust com- 
pany according to plans satisfactory to him 
for this purpose. These facts though well 
known did not seem to detract in the slight- 
est from the social recognition accorded to 
the persons so taking a share of the profits, 
while the officer of the trust company, which 
made the lease of that particular house situ- 
ated in the shopping district, was appointed 
a regent of the State University." 

One more example from the report. The 
grand jury raided a huge house of prostitu- 
tion known as the Municipal Crib, and 160 
women were arrested and released on bail 
of $16,000. We quote : "It was subsequent- 
ly published — and never denied — that the 
money was furnished by a prominent liquor 
man who was at the time of the publication, 
the president of one of the oldest, the most 
powerful, and the richest associations of 
merchants in the city. That their president, 
a wholesale liquor man, might be also a 
wholesale backer of prostitution did not 
arouse the merchants to the extent of even 
making an investigation, and he served out 
his term, which at the time of his exposure 
was only one-half expired." 

Now it may be that there are other great 
cities in America that contain just as much 
immorality as San Francisco — we do not 
think so, but the matter is incapable of 
proof. This, however, certainly is true: 
there is no American city where immorality 
is accepted so much as a matter of course, 
where it is so open and unabashed among 
people of good social standing as in San 
Francisco. There are those who will main- 
tain that this frankness is to the city's cred- 
it. At least it is no hypocrite. Perhaps that 
is one of the reasons why it is rated as "lov- 
able," as we have said, by so many people. 
Since it came into existence 60 years ago 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



has prided 

: anil not caring who knows it. This 
be an elegant and an entertaining 

5, but 
SCend it grows wilder and more 

dangerous while at the bottom there 

ng degeneracy. 

The rule of men like Ruef, Schmitz and 
irthy, the grafting of the utility 

the municipal protection and fos- 
tering of vice, all these are the natural con- 
comitants of a state of society, where such 
incidents as those described in the report 
can happen. It all hangs together in logical 
sequence, and in their proper pla 

lie political machine and the Southern 
Pacific corporation. As yet San Francisco 
has seen only the profit side of the page. 
Its income as purveyor of vice to the north- 
ern parts nf the State is great enough to off- 
set the losses that come from bad city gov- 
ernment But its clear-headed business men 
recognize that this balance can no longer be 
maintained. Vast sums have been added to 
the bonded indebtedness, and large projects 
are about to be undertaken by the munici- 
pality. If city affairs remain in the hands 
of corrupt ami inefficient men the result 
spells ruin. A voiceless dread has taken 
possession of the higher business circles. 
It is admitted that anything can happen 
now. That morality and civic spirit and the 
city's reputation should be in danger was 
disturbing to only a few; but that pros- 
perity, the rights of property and the oppor- 
tunity to do business may soon be assailed 
and perhaps wrecked, that will awaken the 
entire community — after it is too late. 
+ + + 
CHANGING HUMAN NATURE 



When the man who does not believe that 
things can ever be reformed and made better 
wishes to administer a knock-down argu- 
ment to your hopes he says, "But to do that 
you must change human nature — and that is 
impossible." 

Well, is it impossible? As a matter of 
fact isn't human nature constantly chang- 
ing? 

Here is a book written about 1840 by one 
who called himself "Peter Parley" — a 
"moral" writer for the young. He tells of 
Christmas celebrations of long ago, and de- 
scribes in detail a dinner of the leaders in 
the legal profession in London about the 
beginning of the last century. At this holi- 
day festivity were gathered several hundred 
of the cleverest, most highly cultivated gen- 
tlemen of the world's leading city. Parley 
tells the story to the children without the 
suggestion of a criticism. The first thing 
done "to put the gentlemen in good humor" 
was this : Men came in dressed as hunters 
followed by a pack of dogs ; then came a 
man leading a fox chained to a long stick 
and another pulling in a cat similarly fixed; 
then the dogs were let loose, and in the 
presence of the delighted company, who 
"howled' with laughter," they tore the cat 
and the fox to pieces. 

Here in I.os Angeles we have a Bar asso- 
ciation which once a year gives a dinner. 
Suppose — it is pretty hard, but just sup- 
pose — that the chairman of the entertain- 
ment committee should duplicate that per- 
formance in the hope of pleasing the ban- 
queters. How many of them would "howl 
with laughter," and how many would leave 
the room in furious anger? What would 
happen to the man who got up the enter- 
tainment ? We will tell. He would first go 
to jail, after which he would be disbarred 
and driven from the city, disgraced for life. 



In this matter of cruelty to animals hu- 
man nature has changed completely in a 
hundred \. ; of the change has come 

in the last fifty years. It is easy to imagine 
that those who first agitated for laws to in- 
dict punishment on men for this kind of bar- 
barism were met by the assertion "N'oit will 
need to change human nature to make men 
kind to animals." But the laws were passed, 
nevertheless, and human nature changed; 
bly the laws aided in the process. 

Only about a half a century ago — at a 

time that is yet within the memory of a 

pan of our people — slavery prevailed 

in nearly half the States of the Union and 
Several million colored people were bought 
and sold and worked like animals. Public 
discussion of the wisdom and justice of this 
practice was absolutely forbidden in the 
South, and in the North abolition speakers 
were mobbed, stoned, dragged through the 
streets with ropes about their necks and 
thrown in jail. All of which was natural 
enough, for slavery was accepted as a mat- 
ter of course, as something that always had 
been and always would be as long as human 
nature continued unchanged — and every- 
body knew that human nature could not 
change. To talk of abolishing slavery was 
as senseless as it would be now to talk of 
abolishing the family — and a good deal more 
dangerous, for the slave might be induced 
to rebel. However, the miserable business 
finally worked out into a war and sacrificed 
billions of treasure and a million lives, and 
human nature got changed in the process, 
just as it would have changed no doubt 
without the war had everybody kept his 
temper and refrained from playing politics; 
and now nobody, North or South, ever talks 
of renewing slavery or tolerates the thought 
of it as a possibility. 

Or, to take a later political illustration ; 
When it was first proposed to select public 
employees for merit instead of for political 
services — and this was only forty years ago 
— the outcry against the plan was almost 
universal. It was called "snivel" service re- 
form, and its chief advocate, George Wil- 
liam Curtis, was sneeringly termed the 
"Man Milliner." It was not until the 
strenuous younger generation led by Theo- 
dore Roosevelt took it up., and Grover 
Cleveland put his broad shoulder to the 
wheel, that people began to regard the 
proposition seriously. Now it is accepted, 
practically without question, and is made to 
apply not only to cities but to many State 
governments. But even where it does not 
apply in the form of law the principle is 
generally admitted that public service is a 
duty to the public and not a mere partisan 
affair. Human nature seems to have 
changed to fit the new conditions. 

Every day sees a change in human na- 
ture, and the change is always for improve- 
ment. To be sure, here and there, one may 
detect little backward eddies in the stream, 
and these sometimes are large enough to 
deceive the eye of the careless observer. 
Sometimes an obstruction of some sort tem- 
porarily halts the flow, but when it is swept 
away an increase of speed makes up for the 
loss. The one great salient truth that forms 
the very wellspring of all human action is 
that the world 'must be made better. How- 
ever good it is, it must be made better. Be- 
lief in this is to the soul what atmosphere 
is to the body, what sunlight is to all na- 
ture. Making the world better means mak- 
ing humanity better, for the human race 
rules the earth. Thus we need not worry 
about "human nature." It always keeps 
pace with the rest of it. 



DEATH CALLS 



Margaret Collier Graham ut of 

this life at South Pasadena last Monday. 

January seventeenth, after an illness of 

than three years. The delicacy and 

beaut) of her work in short stories and in 

essays gave this lady an acknowledged 

place in American letters, and she was 

greatly loved and admired by he! d 

friends. She came to l.os Angeles when il 
was yet little more than a village, and 
taught for several years in the High School. 
Her stories were contributed firsl to the 
Argonaut, but presently were in demand in 
the "Atlantic," "Century," and other East- 
ern magazines. They were written in the 
pure, simple, direct English that belongs 
only to the masters of the literary art. Be- 
cause of her learning and her skill as a 
writer, but still more because of the 
strength and beauty of her character, her 
charity and justice and calm wisdom, Mrs. 
Graham exercised a wide sphere of local in- 
fluence — in women's clubs, in social organi- 
zations and especially within the circle of 
men and women who were so fortunate as 
to be her intimates. Her passing is a loss 
to the community — not widely known and 
recognized, perhaps, but a great loss, never- 
theless. Hers was a life that illumined the 
lives of others, that lighted the fires of en- 
thusiasm and hope in many souls, and that 
made all the world better within the reach 
of her profound and penetrating influence. 
What greater than that can any human life 
accomplish ? 

PRESS COMMENT 



Even the reactionary statesmen will j 
in any conservation movement to save t 
lilum -tree. — Indianapolis Star. 



Speaker Cannon claims descent from roy- 
alty. We knew he belonged to a passing 
order. — Philadelphia Telegraph. 




Banker Morse, the ice king', is now merely 
"Convict 2814.". Thus does the law and the 
impartial execution of justice level rank. — 
( lakland Enquirer. 



Wells-Fargo is to declare a dividend of 
$300 a share. Shades of Jesse James and the 
Younger brothers! Think how much ye al- 
lowed to get away! — Philadelphia Inquirer. 



One serious objection the West has to 
Senator Aldrich's central-bank idea is that 
Wall street probably would be using the 
line every time we might want to get cen- 
tral. — St. Paul Pioneer Press. 



Not since Mr. Cleveland's second adminis- 
tration have party lines at Washington been 
so broken as they are in the Sixty-first Con- 
gress. Democrats and Republicans alike 
are divided. In the House Speaker Cannon 
faces an insurgent revolt; but Champ Clark, 
the opposition leader, cannot command the 
unanimous support of the Democratic rep- 
resentatives. Senator Culberson has resigned 
the thankless task of leading the Democratic 
minority in the Senate, and Senator Aldrich 
finds his own leadership sharply challeng 
by radical Senators from the West. Repub- 
lican Senators and Representatives can be 
found wdio are no less radical than .Mr. 
Bryan and Mr. Clark, and there are Demo- 
cratic Senators and Representatives who 
are no less conservative than Mr. Aldrich 
and Mr. Cannon. — New York W r orld. 



PACIFIC OUTLO OR 




l 7T HE DATA for this department is sup- 
*" plied from the statistical bureau of the 
Municipal League of Los Angeles, but 
neither that organization nor any other has 
any control over, or is in any way respon- 
sible for, the general policy of PACIFIC 
OUTLOOK. 



Heating Street Cars : The head of the Cin- 
cinnati Traction Company has been indicted 
for failing to keep his street cars heated 
to the temperature required by law — which 

is 60 degrees. 

* * * 

Reducing Water Rates: Houston, Texas, 
one of the commission cities, finds it can 
afford to reduce its meter water rate one- 
half. The cut is from 30 cents to IS cents 
per 1000 gallons. 

Sensible Gift: The city of Newton, Mas- 
sachusetts, has reecived from a group of its 
citizens a piece of land three acres in ex- 
tent and favorably located to be used as a 
children's playground. 

* * * 

Commission for El Paso: By a narrow 
majority the people of El Paso, Texas, de- 
cided to adopt the commission form of gov- 
ernment with three men in charge of the 
entire city administration. 

* * * 

Against Celluloid Films : The fire authori- 
ties of Newark, New Jersey, have forbidden 
the use of celluloid films in the moving pic- 
ture shows. They say that non-combustible 
films can be obtained and the others are too 
dangerous. 

* * * 

Going the Rounds: 1st City Employe: 
How many people work in your depart- 
ment? 2nd City Employe: O, I should say 
about one-third of them. (This conversa- 
tion is believed to have occurred in some 
eastern city.) 

* * * 

Vandalism: Sad experience with the be- 
havior of crowds in the city streets Christ- 
mas and New Years evening has caused the 
authorities of Fort Worth to gather up 
their rubbish cans on those nights and cart 
them off to safety. 

* * * 

Late Theatre Goers: Cleveland has 
adopted an ordinance forbidding theaters to 
seat patrons after the curtain goes up, until 
the end of the act. The penalty is one hun- 
dred dollars. The law does not meet with 
favor with the theatre managers. 

* * * 

Law Against Street Cries: The street 
peddlers of Chicago are making a fight 
against the new law of the city forbidding 
them crying; their wares. They claim it is 
the work of the butchers and grocers "trust" 
and tends to hold up the price of necessi- 
ties. 

Too Many Automobiles: Every city has 
its automobile problem. New York's mu- 
nicipal departments own 300 cars costing 
$1,000,000. The maintenance charges aver- 
age around $1500 a year. The new city 
comptroller is beginning to dig into this 
item of expense and there is likely to be 
trouble all along; the line. 



In Tennessee: Two cities of Tennessee, 
Memphis and Chattanooga, are planning to 
adopt the commission system under the new 
law adopted by that state. This allows for 
a 'body of five men to run the city very much 
after the Des Moines plan. Mississippi has 
passed a similar law and several towns are 
considering a change to the new form. 

Longest Good Road: The state of Mas- 
sachusetts is at work on a road from Cape 
Cod clear across the state towards Albany. 
New York is at work and has nearly com- 
pleted a road from Albany to Niagara Falls. 
Within a little more than a year it will be 
possible to go 700 miles from Boston to 
Niagara Falls on good roads all the way. 
t t * 

On a Large Scale: New York City has 
70 purchasing agents who buy over $15,000,- 
000 worth of supplies every year. The 
comptroller runs a department of inspection 
which saves the city a great deal of money 
by a critical examination not only of all bills 
and charges but an anlysis of all materials 
delivered. All bids are standardized and 
made uniform for all departments. 

Lexington After Commission Govern- 
ment: The Commercial Club of Lexington, 
Kentucky, called a mass 'meeting to con- 
sider the adoption of the commission form 
of government. Resolutions favoring that 
system were passed unanimously, and were 
sent to other commercial and civic organi- 
zations in that state urging joint action to 
induce the legislature to pass a general law. 

* * * 
Washington a Tough City: In asking for 

100 more patrolmen the Superintendent of 
Police of Washington declares that he has 
to do more work with fewer men than any 
other police chief in the country. They all 
say that, by the way. He says, moreover, 
that while Washington does not suffer from 
the big crimes like murders and robberies 
that it is the most disorderly city on the 
Atlantic Coast and has the highest percent- 
age of arrests. The saloon laws of the na- 
tional capital are evidently in need of an 
overhauling. 

* * * 

Billboard Tax : Council has asked the 
City Attorney to work out some plan for 
abolishing billboards. It might as well ask 
him to work out some plan for abolishing 
private rights in property. Until courts 
hold that an offense to the eye is a nuis- 
ance in the same way that offenses to the 
ear and nose are, the billboard is unassail- 
able in its fundamental right to exist. It 
can be harassed a bit through regulation for 
sanitation, fire and police reasons. And it 
can be reduced in volume and its tenure of 
life made more precarious by taxation but 
any tax that is deliberately framed for pur- 
poses of abolition would be thrown out by 
the courts. Every form of regulation which 
has stood the test of court procedure in 
other cities should be applied here, for there 
is no city in the Union that stands more in 
need of relief from this nuisance than Los 
Angeles — a city whose scenic beauty is one 
of its chief assets. And the square foot tax 
should be increased to a point where it will 
diminish the area of boards in use and 
drive them as far as possible out of the 



strictly residence districts. Beyond that the 
issue is one for the citizens to grapple by 
refusing to patronize the firms that adver- 
tise on offensively located billboards. 

* * <• 

Sewers by District: The new council pro- 
poses to reverse the policy unfortunately 
adopted by its predecessor and require the 
building of lateral sewers by assessment 
district instead of by allotment out of the 
budget or by a general bond issue. The 
trouble all grew out of a raid on the con- 
tingent fund by Councilman Blanchard in 
behalf of his Boyle Heights constituency, 
when he landed forty-odd thousand dollars 
to pay for ah internal system of sewers for 
that ward, which should have been paid by 
a local assessment. 

* + * 

Garden of the Gods: Colorado Springs 
receives a handsome Christmas gift this 
year in the shape of a deed for the tract of 
430 acres comprising the famous Garden 
of the Gods to be held by the city as a pub- 
lic park. The donor is the late Charles E. 
Perkins, former president of the Chicago, 



In 

Mme. Sembrich's 

Recital 

Thursday 

Evening Last 

one of the noteworthy features which oc- 
casioned unusual comment from those pres- 
ent was the remarkable beauty of tone of 
the wonderful 

Baldwin Piano 

which was used to accompany the Madame; 
this magnificent instrument has enjoyed 
the preference of Mme. Sembrich for nine 
consecutive years; no other piano but the. 
Baldwin is used by her, either in her con- 
cert tours, personal practice or in her home 
in Dresden. The Baldwin Piano today 
stands pre-eminent as the highest achieve- 
ment in modern Piano-forte building. It 
has out-distanced older and all other makes. 
It is a piano which you should see before 
buying, if you desire the best. 

§arktr3lrtq 

Household and Office Furniture 

New Location 
724 to 732 So. Broadway 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



ngton & Quincy Railroad. The tract 
has an estimated value of $200,000. The 
deed contains a prohibition against th( 
of liquor and that no buildings other than 
those necessary lor the care ot the property 
shall be erected therein. Colorado Springs 
is fortunate in the in of a unique 

and world-famous park. 

♦ ♦ ♦ 

Next Meeting of National Municipal 
League: Meyer Lissner, who is the repre- 
sentative from Los Angeles on the executive 
committee of the Nati nil Municipal Lea- 
gue, b sted to the committee the ad- 
visability of holding the next general con- 
ference — which will take place in October, 
1910 — in this city. He bases the suggestion 
on the ground that Los Angeles is further 
advanced along the lines the National 
jue has been fighting for, than any 
cither city in the Union. The committee will 
take up the plan under consideration, al- 
though it is urged that delegates coming 
largely from the Atlantic Coast and Middle 
West might not be disposed in any consid- 
erable numbers to travel clear across the 
continent. 

+ + + 

Labor Bureau: Council has under consid- 
eration the abolition of the Free Labor Bu- 
reau maintained by the city. Periodically 
this issue comes up and threats are made of 
stopping the appropriation but it usually 
ends in giving the concern another trial and 
a conclusion that it probably does enough 
good to pay for its cost. The free labor 
bureau principle is a sound one, however 
awkwardly it may work out sometimes in 
actual practice. Government can have no 
higher and more important function tiian 
that of aiding its people to find work. There 
are those who maintain that this duty ex- 
tends even to the providing of work for 
those who are unable to secure it elsewhere; 
but certainly there can be no question that 
men ought not to be -made to pay for the 
privilege of getting something to do. We 
suspect that what the Free Labor Bureau 
needs is not a cutting eff but an increase 
in its appropriations. If it lacks in effective- 
ness this should be corrected, but there cer- 
tainly is a field of usefulness for such an 
institution. 

Salary Commission: Council has asked 
various commercial and civic associations, 
including the Municipal League and the 
Labor Council, to send delegates to a con- 
ference with the finance committee on the 
readjustment of the salary list of the city. 
It is exDected that the conference will re- 
sult in the appointment of a commission of 
business men who will make a thorough in- 
vestigation of the salary rolls and suggest 
methods of reform — if reform be needed. 
Scarcely anything could be more unbusi- 
ness-like than the system — if it can be called 
system — by which the present salary adjust- 
ment was achieved. Council fixes all sal- 
aries by ordinance over the heads of the 
chiefs of departments, and sometimes in 
the face of their protests. Every year a 
vast amount of log rolling and political dick- 
ering takes place, having for its object the 
raising — never the lowering — of salaries. 
Those who have the longest pull get the 
salaries — without much regard to the char- 
acter of the work. Pretty nearly two mil- 
lion dollars a year of tax money goes into 
salaries and labor wages. The mere lack of 
system and of one central organizing au- 
thority could easily cause a wastage of one- 
tenth of this total. As Council holds the 
city's purse strings it must of necessity fix 



salaries, but there should be some consis- 
tency in the process and some authority to 
bring that about. The salary comni 
plan seems to work well in other cities. At 
any rate a thorough investigation at inter- 
vals is absolutely needed to bring irregulari- 
ties to light. The people of this city do not 
favor the underpaying of city employes, but 
they do ask to know that they get their 
money's worth. Most taxpayers have to 
work for a living themselves and they expect 
their employes to do the same. 
+ + ♦ 

Bad Jail Conditions: The people of this 
city are weary of the continued story of bad 
conditions in the city jail, from over crowd- 
ing and from sloppy mismanagement. The 
Grand Jury recently took the city council 
through the jail and showed them what a 
miserable state of things prevails. It is 
true that the present jail building is badly 
designed — it was a political job of twelve 
or fifteen years ago — but it certainly can be 
kept clean — which it is not — it can be ven- 
tilated — which it is not — and most of the 
over crowding can be prevented by. proper 
management. Council will do well to stay 
with this proposition, receiving, as it no 
doubt will, the co-operation of the Police 
Commission, making some superficial 
changes immediately and working out some 
plan for a new jail as soon as practicable. 
At least the place must be put into a sani- 
tary condition as it was when Wm. Hammill 
was chief of police. Spending little or no 
money, Hammill cleaned the place from a 
foul den to an exceedingly clean and well 
organized city jail. 

* + * 
> HUMOR 



Maud — So he had the cheek to ask my 
age, did he? Well, what did you tell him? 
Ethel — I told him I didn't know positively; 
but I' thought you were twenty-four on your 
thirtieth birthday. — Boston Transcript. 



''How Tillie's clothes hang about her! 
Why, they don't fit her at all." "But think 
how much worse she would look if they 
did."— Life. 



"The old monitors are being dropped from 
the navy." "So I see." "Obsolete, I judge?" 
"Yes; they never did have the right kind of 
dancing decks." — Pittsburg Post. 



"How do you keep your razor sharp?" 
"Easy enough. I hide it where my wife 
can't find it." — Cleveland Plain Dealer. 



Inquirer — Did Miss Howell's voice fill the 
hall? Critic— Well, it filled the lobby. 
Nearly everybody went out there when she 
sang. — Huntington Herald. 



"Own up. now. Who's the head of your 
family?" "My wife used to be," admitted 
Mr. Enpeck. "But since my daughters are 
grown up we have a commission form of 
government." — Washington Herald. 



"My husband was a very high-strung per- 
son. "Yes. I've heard he was hung on 
Pike's Peak." — Harper's Weekly. 



An Objector 

'Some folks," the monkey says, "there be 
That claim descent from mine and me; 
But I respectfully decline 
Such compliments to me and mine." 
—Father Talbb. 



"Do you like my new hat?" asked Mrs. 
Brooke. "Yes, indeed," replied Mrs. Lynn. 
"1 had one just like it when they were in 
style."— Lippin colt's Magazine. 

Mr. Figg — Gasser says he kept perfectly 

last night when that burglar got into 
the house. Mrs. Figg— So Ins wife told me. 
She found him trying to hide in the refl 
a tor. — Boston Transcript. 



Jones (at the ball, to Mrs. Catterson) — 
How beautifully your (laughter sits out her 
dances. — Life. 



Louise — And tell Tom not to worry about 
inc. Mary — I did. He said he wouldn't. 
Louise — The horrid brute. — Life. 



"I just can't sleep." "Why don't you try 
reading the President's message?" "I don't 
need sleep that badly!" — Houston Post. 



Jack — So your efforts to win the rich 
heiress were fruitless, eh! Tom — Fruitless! 
O'h, no! I got the lemon. — Boston Tran- 
script. 



"You used to be an awful spendthrift." 
"Yep. But I ain't any longer." "Ah ! Re- 
formed?" "No — I spent it all." — Cleveland 
Leader. 






317-325 
So. Broadway 



314-322 

So. Hill Strut 



A. FU8ENOT CO. 



Clearance Sale 

Prices on 

Oriental Rugs 
$22.00 

Original Values to $40.00 

In the following weaves: 

Serabend, Iran, Mosul, 
Baloochistan, Daghestan 

Average Size, 3x7 Feet 

Such a great concession in price will 
certainly be of great interest to those con- 
templating the purchase of a real Oriental 



HIGH CLASS INVESTMENTS 



MINES So FAR1SH 

REAL ESTATE AGENTS 

353 S H 



RESIDENT AND BUSINESS PROPERTIES 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



How Holidays and Sick Leave In- 
flate the Cost of Municipal Labor 



For a mayoralty candidate to have 
to combat evidence against his past 
career gathered and made public by 
a commission of his own appointing, 
is enough to give any municipal con- 
test an unusual character, and it is 
.precisely this sort of situation that has 
made the late Boston city campaign 
worthy of special attention. Ordi- 
narily, in campaign discussions, there 
is considerable room for honest dif- 
ferences of opinion as to what are 
the facts. Boston, however, enjoyed 
a nearly unique experience in the 
fact that the voters had before them 
in the recent reports of the Finance 
Commission a collection of unassail- 
able evidence as to the character of 
the earlier administration of one of 
the leading candidates for mayor un- 
der the reform charter. 

No room for dispute remains as to 
why the cost of city government in 
Boston has been excessive. There 
are many reasons, strikingly set forth 
in the reports of iMessrs. Metcalfe and 
Eddy, the Finance Commission's en- 
gineering experts, and the significance 
of their reports is greatly increased 
by the undoubted fact that the same 



influences which have burdened the 
Boston tax-payer are operative in ev- 
ery city government. One of these 
iburdens is the cost of holidays and 
sick leave pay, a virtual gratuity to 
the city laborer that tells decidedly in 
the total expense to the tax-payer. 

In their brief but conclusive report 
■on this subject Messrs. 'Metcalf and 
Eddy say: "The essential data upon 
the cost of holidays and sick leave in 
the day labor force of the Boston 
Water Department are shown in the 
table below. They relate to the labor 
force of the Distribution Division 
only. The table gives for each month, 
from January 1906 to September 1907 
inclusive, the total pay roll of the day 
labor force or men who are paid by 
the day; also the portion of this pay 
roll which is charged to "Holiday and 
Sick-list" account, and the percentage 
which the amount so charged bears to 
the pay roll for each month. It will 
be seen that this percentage varies 
from 5.3 to 10.1, and averages 7.7 per 
cent for - the calendar year 1906, and 
8.3 per cent for the first eight months 
of 1907, or 7.95 per cent for the en- 
tire period. 



Distribution Division 

Amounts paid for holida, s and absence ("Sick List'') of men on a per 

diem rating 

= 5 ■ s>S jj. 

DATE * I -D-ls t°l 

£ 5 3 l5 Il- 
ls s V-s c5J=3 

1906 ,° a - | 2<n l Scc 

January 31 ' $35,191.68 $2,008.10 5.7 

-March 1 30,723.11 2,644.30 8.5 

April 1 42,776.69 2,392.50 5.6 

May 1 36,722.15 2,937.23 8.1 

June 1 36,304.64 1,924.14 5.3 

July 1 45,024.06 4,278.09 ' 9.5 

August 1 32,779.03 2,696.89 8.2 

September 1 33,396.40 2,629.82 7.9 

October 1 45,937.17 4,017.11 8.7 

November 1 ., 33,216.24 1,790.61 5.4 

December 1 34,563.38 2,717.51 7.9 

January 1, 1907 43,585.52 4,617.39 10.1 

Year 1906 $450,220.07 $34,653.69 7.7 

1907 

January 31 $34,149.10 $2,412.46 7.1 

March 1 34,125.93 1,991.45 5.8 

April 1 43.061.28 4.344.48 10.0 

May 1 34,005.68 3,150.70 9.3 

June 1 33,976.41 1,815.40 5.4 

July 1 42,695.08 4,181.27 9.8 

August 1 35,952.67 2,853.42 7.9 

September 1 '. 44,399.06 4,357.44 9.8 

Eight months $302,365.21 $25,106.62 8.3 

Totals : $752,585.28 $59,760.31 7.95 

Note.— (Holidays include all city holidays and Saturday half holidays. 

Sick list includes time lost on account of injuries on work, or absence on 

account of death in immediate family, . in which case three days are 
granted. 

It should be noted, as explained in of their duties, or when there is a 
the table, that absence on account of death in- their immediate families.' In 

"sick list" appnes. only to men who the latter case it is the custom to 

have been injured in the performance grant three days without loss of pay. 



This item of holidays and sick list is 
carried as an independent mainten- 
ance account, and the charges posted 
to it are not distributed to any other 
accounts. This applies to the whole 
labor force of the department, includ- 
ing men engaged on new construction 
work, as well as those actually en- 
gaged upon maintenance. 

The real effect of this method of 
accounting is, therefore, to show the 
book cost of any piece of work, 
whether construction or maintenance, 
as less than the real cost. The effect 
of allowing holidays and absence 
without loss of pay is really to in- 
crease the cost of the work done dur- 
ing the remaining days, but the pres- 
ent method of accounting conceals 
this fact. These charges should be 
distributed by cross entries to th'e 
various items of work upon which the 
men have been employed. Assuming 
that the average cost of holidays, etc., 
is, in round numbers, 8 per cent of 
the labor pay roll, the actual labor 
cost of each item of work should be 
increased by 8-92 or 8.7 per cent of 
the figures shown by the department 
accounts. 

The effect of the custom of allow- 
ing holidays and sick leave, without 
loss of pay, is to pay on the average 
$2,445 to each laborer for each 8-hour 
day actually worked. 

The evil plight of the tax-payer un- 
der such a regime becomes more 
comprehensible if it is added that this 
extremely high wage for day laborers 
is paid to a force of men whose work- 
ing efficiency as tested on public jobs 
has declined some 40 per cent in the 
last dozen years. The inference is in- 
evitable that with allowance of in- 
efficiency and lax discipline in the 
working force, the Boston tax-payer 
has been paying not fa>r from $4.00 
for each honest actual day's work — 
such a day's work, that is, as a con- 
tractor would get from his laborers. 
The interest and value of this par- 
ticular report are not limited to Bos- 
ton. 

JUDGE BLEDSOE TO SPEAK BE- 
FOR THE CITY CLUB 



Behind The Smile 



At the regular weekly luncheon to 
be held at Levy's today (Saturday), 
at 12:15 p. m., Benjamin F. Bledsoe, 
Judge of the Superior Court of San 
Bernardino, will address the club on 
"City or Citizens." 



In the columns, the "Pilgrim's 
Scrip," a department of the American 
Magazine, the following letter from a 
Chicago correspondent, appears this 
month: 

"There is a smile of singular bene- 
volence perambulating over the coun- 
try. It bespeaks a warm heart and a 
depth of human kindness. How deep 
is it? 

"There was a nan named Wallace 
who attempted the Panama job. 
iRumor has it that his feet were 
chilled, and that he returned to con- 
sult his superior as to the question 
of resigning. Before he was granted 
an opportunity to explain, he was met 
by a tirade of objurgation, and all of 
the remarks were carefully published 
and spread (broadcast. He quit, sub- 
ject to 'humiliation and disgrace be- 
yond his due; after which cloudy 
weather the sun beamed forth afresh, 
the smile, came back. 

"There was a man named Glavis 
who found great fraud practised in 
locating coal lands in Alaska. He 
protested, he kicked, he fought, and 
against great odds, he succeeded in 
having the grabs held up. There was 
part of his story that inevitably re- 
flected upon an official more import- 
ant than he who was basking happily 
in the warm rays of the smile. 

"Glavis never had a chance to tell 
his whole story. The axe was ap- 
plied to his neck, and he, an unfortu- 
nate subordinate, was needlessly and 
heedlessly discredited, and then the 
smile broke out. 

"There was a man named Crane 
who, with the plaudits of his coun- 
trymen and the approbation of the 
world, accepted a most difficult mis- 
sion (the ambassadorship to 'China). 
It meant sacrifice of personal inter- 
ests for the sake of public service. 

"He was persona non grata to all 
grafters and cheap politicians, be- 
cause he was a man of principle. He 
believed in the smile, because he had 
seen its cheering effect on the people 
to whom his mission was to take him. 
He trusted in personal friendship and 
in the encouragement and advice 
given him from headquarters. 

'While the smile was eclipsed be- 
hind the Rocky Mountains, he was 
kicked, abused and misrepresented. 
He was dragged through the mire of 
foreign intrigue and queer politics. 
■He was publicly pillored and shamed, 
all on flimsy pretexts, lacking even 
foundation in fact. 

"He thought that possibly there 
was a mistake, that the smile might 
smile some more, and that although 
he must in self-respect aibandon his 
task, he might be recognized as at 
least partially decent. 

"But there was no smile for him; 
the brutality of the great man's un- 
derling was endorsed by the great 
man himself. 

"How deep is a smile?" 




"It is a Steinway" 



That Says 
Everything 



The Steinway Piano is represented in 

250 principal cities of the world. And 

Jg^sp^TyreiidFe^icSi;^^ the principal dealer in each city repre- 

"'^^SSKf - sents the Steinway. We are Exclusive 

Steinway Representatives for Southern California and Arizona. New 

Steinways can be purchased nowhere else. Grands, Vertegrands and 

Uprights, $575 to $1650. Favorable terms. 

£~\ _ _ T "DJ_.1,^«1 fir*. Steinway, Cecilian and Victor Dealers 
VjeO. J . OirKei KjO. 34S-347 S. Spring St. 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



The End of Cannonism 






If one v. 
on present-day tei in architcc- 

;ic wouldn't be expected to bc- 
prin- 

■:ion about 

need demonstration. 
Ming to admit them. 
I shall "01 

tnnon 

and 'Cannonism. Everybody knows 
v don't ad- 
mit it. There are people who believe 
■ orld is Hat. and some others 
that it is hollow and that 
we are on the inside of the shell. Sci- 
can't halt to argue with such. 
r can political progiv 
the minority who, havi insist 

that they sec nothing, and having 
ears, protest that they can't hear the 
rumble of the car of progress. The 
time has come for the procession to 
on and leave all these. 

Fifty Insurgent Republicans in Con- 
gress 

The surpassingly important fact to- 
day is that the end of the Cannon era 
is at hand. That fact has been made 
as plain as reasoning man could wish, 
since the opening of the long session 
of Congress. The return to Wash- 
ington of the warring forces with 
their loins girt up for the resump- 
tion of the fight has been followed 
East by developments which leave no 
room for doubt of the event. 

The last session — the tariff session 
— aw the Insurgents able to muster 
barely more than a score of insur- 
gent Republicans. Now they have re- 
rted to the attack, confidently 
claiming that they have half a hun- 
dred. They list more than twice as 
many as they could count last ses- 
sion. Why these gains, when there 
has been no change in the personnel 
of the House? 

Simply because the members have 
"been to the country" and have 
learned what is in the minds of the 
people. They have been out among 
their constituents. They have felt 
out the sentiment of all classes of 
the community. They have learned 
that there is just one proposition on 
which the preponderance is over- 
whelming, and that is a demand that 
:m end he put to the rule of the 
1 louse by Cannon. 

"We will have fifty insurgent Re- 
publicans through this session," said 
Representative Norris, of Nebraska, 
the day he returned to Washington. 
"How do I know? Wait and see. We 
haven't been busy all summer foi 
nothing. 

And the event has proved that he 
did know. The first people on the 
ground in force, a fortnight in ad- 
vance of the opening of the session, 
were the leaders of insurgency. They 
came early, by agreement among 
themselves, to plan for their winter's 
campaign. They brought reports from 
their various States and sections, and 
the first listing of their strength set 
down forty-seven names of Repub- 
licans in the insurgent column. It 
was not final; it had not been fully 
verified; not every man in the list 
was personally and finally pledged to 
the fiLrht. hut it was rather a conserva- 
tive than a radical claim. "We will 
.1 few of those, but we will gain 
more from the other side, and -we are 
safi For fifty votes w hen we are read} 

■ ooen the fight in earnest," was the 
verdict of the insurgent lenders after 
they had taken account of stock. 

There can he no mistaking the con- 
fidence of these men. They havi re 
turned to Washington firm in the con 
viction that the country is with them. 



spent a good share of 
the summer speaking in their various 
■plaining the rules to their 
people. They were called upon to ail 

:- ,i- 
well. The most sanguine of them 
were surprised when they gol home 
after the tariff session to discover 
ly the people were with 
them i ., rience related by one 

of these men is typical, 

Mr. Norris, of Nebraska, long a 
student of the Panama Canal prob- 
lem, hail prepared a lecture on the 
lie had a splendid collection 
of slides and a big lantern, he had 
studied the canal during a long stay 
in the zone, and he went home full 
of the purpose of telling the people 
of his district all about it. 

II, received invitations all over his 
State to address meetings, and the 
lecture course opened auspiciously. 
But at the second meeting all plans 
were wrecked. A large audience lis- 
tened for two hours to the canal ad- 
dress, a nd when it was about to be 
dismissed, somebody called out: 

"Before you go, Mr. Norris, tell us 
about this Cannon fight; that's what 
we want to know atbout." And Mr. 
Nun-is. unprepared for a speech, 
talked an hour, and got the first real, 
uproarious enthusiasm of the evening!' 

From that time until his impromptu 
course closed, he had to give the Can- 
non lecture most of the time, because 
the people insisted on it. They didn't 
want Panama and pictures; they 
wanted the facts about the struggle 
for the control of the House. "And 
there was but one opinion on the 
matter." concluded Mr. Norris. in tell- 
ing about bis experiences, "they are 
all insurgents." 

Reports of the same purport came 
From all sections. "If T want to come 
back to Congress next session, I've 
got to pledge myself to vote against 
Cannon," one supporter of the 
Speaker declared, with sincere regret. 
"And I've got to tell Uncle Joe just 
that." 

Among the "regulars" there early 
developed a strong sentiment that 
Cannon must take himself out of the 
Speakership consideration for the 
Sixty-second Congress, or gravely 
endanger the Republican narty. More 
than that, it was agreed that the 
Speaker must be told this in the plain- 
est terms. 

"If the Republicans control the next 
House, it will be because Cannon will 
have been eliminated ibeforc the elec- 
tion," is the common expression. 

President Taft's Attitude Has 
Changed Since March 
There could be no more suggestive 
indication of the drift of public opin- 
ion than is afforded by a study of the 
attitude of President Taft during hii 
recenl tour. Last March the Presi- 
dent employed his utmost influence 
to save Cannon from defeat. But for 
his support, Cannon would have gone 
down. 

And vet. from beginning to end of 
his thirteen-thousand-mile swing 
around the circle, the President spoke 
no word of indorsement lor Cannon. 
He paid his tribute to Aldrich, un- 
popular though he knew that CO 
to he, but not one word for Cannon. 
He was urged, begged, besought, 
tojvard the cud of the trip, to dons 
much for Cannon as he had done for 
Aldrich. bill he firmly refused. 

I '.ns ii require a di igram to make 

clear the significance of that eloquent 

silence? President Taft has never 

< i; for hi from preference; he 

r last Mar. 

,. lieved it « i ; necessary in 

: ry out the tariff pr<r. 



llnw far Cannon assisted in making 

the tariff promises it is not 

ary to discuss here. The point 

is that, following that alliance and 

that tariff session, President Taft 

d and talked to the whole 

d lor the man he 
had made Speaker. 

It in, flj that Taft will never 

his support to Cannon. 
understand that per- 
fectly. They realize the full -ijinii 
of it. 

The Cannon power is crumbling. 
Ii i- tottering through the last reach 
in its race. No doubt can be enter- 
tained on this point by one who has 
studied the developments since Con- 
returned to the Capital. 

The country is determined to make 
an end of Cannon rule and of the 
Cannon rules It knows now, all too 
well, the narrowness, the bigotry, the 
vindictiveness and vengefttlness, the 
utter disregard for public interest or 
popular opinion, with which Cannon 
holds his sway. It has read and be- 
lieves the scathing indictment wdiich 
Representative Fowler of New Jer- 
sey addressed to the Speaker. Can- 
non had deposed Fowder from the 
chairmanship of the Committee on 
Banking and Currency, because Fow- 
ler had been guilty of the heinous of- 
fense of knowing something about the 
currency problem and of standing for 
his opinions even when they inter- 
fered with the plans of Cannon and 
Aldrich. The Speaker's vengeance 
Fowler was only typical. Every in- 
surgent was punished for his insur- 
gency when committees were an- 
nounced by the Speaker on the clos- 
ing day of the special session. 

Cooper was taken from the head- 
ship of the Committee on Insular Af- 
fairs, where he had done magnificent 
service in helping President Taft to 
secure a measure of self-government 



for the Archipelago. Norris lost his 
place on the powerful Committee on 

Public Build nid so 

on' through the li-:. I'ttcrlv reel 
of the public interests, of the fitness 
or the service of men, Cannon p 
ished every luckless one who dared 
oppose his despotism. It was as if 

thai power of naming committees had 
been given him as the older Bour- 
bons believed the scepter had come 
in them, by divine right, in lie wielded 
lor absolutely no other purpose than 
the gratification of personal whims 
.and piques. Small wonder the coun 
ir\ his made up its mind to end such 
conditions. The end is in sight. 

A Play With Two Villains 

As for Cannonism and Cannon, il 
is all over but the shouting. The 
Senatorial twin of Cannonism. which 
may be called Aldrichism, will be with 
us yet a little time— not long. This 
country likes to have a popular hero, 
but in a pinch — there being no hero 
in sight — it can get along very well 
with a villain. On March fifth last, 
discovering that it no longer had a 
hero in commission, it cast about for 
the next best thing, and in Cannon 
and Aldrich found twin bogie-men. 
It has been as easy, from that day to 
this, following these twin bogies with 
anathema and stuffed clubs as it had 
previously been trailing a certain 
popular figure with acclaim and laurel 
chaplets. 

Cannon and Aldrich had come to 
personify the degradation of parlia- 
mentary government. In them the 
shame of Congress was visualized and 
focalized, and when so big and men- 
acing a problem is factored down to 
its lowest terms in two personalities, 
the final cancellation is never far 
away. The wonder is not that the 
end has been so slow in coming, but 
that it has come so fast. The real in- 
surrection against (Cannon is less than 




The Piano that 
Means Music 



Pianola Piano 

When people buy a piano now- 
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The day when pianos were 
bought as ornaments is past. It 
is the PIANOLA PIANO that 
has wrought this change. 

The Weber and Steinway 

Pianos are equipped with the wonderful Pianola — as are the Wheelock- 
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on Convenient Payments. 

The Busy Business Man Needs 
This Piano 

It is a source of recreation, a means for forgetting the troubles of tl 

Every Member of Your Family can Play this Piano 
The House of Musical Quality 

Southern California Music Co. 

332-334 S. Broadway, Los Angeles, Cal. 



The Victor Dealers of Los Angeles 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



a year old. When Congress met a 
year ago, there was just enough of 
insurgency to carry the name. It 
struggled through the short session 
of last winter, gaining force and cour- 
age day by day, vocalizing its pro- 
test and appealing to the country at 
every opportunity. It gained a hear- 
ing. Then when the new Congress 
met on March fifteenth to organize 
fbr the tariff session, a modest but 
respectable and imposing share of the 
community were ready to stand by 
the new movement. To its own sur- 
prise, insurgency mustered within 
four of the necessary number of votes 
to prevent the reelection of Speaker 
Cannon. Not only this, but it scraped 
together enough votes to reject the 
Cannon rule. It voted down the code 
of practise under which Cannon so 
long had ruled, and then, in the mo- 
ment of victory, was robibed of its 
spoils by that famous — no, infamous 
— alliance of Cannonism and Tam- 
manyism. The Fitzgerald amend- 
ment was offered, the Republican 
Tammany of Cannon and the Demo- 
cratic Tammany of Murphy joined 
forces, the amendment was adopted, 
and the old regime was saved. * * * 



Whether the revolution comes off 
during the present Congress, or 
whether Cannon and his rules con- 
tinue to reign till the end of this ses- 
sion, is comparatively unimportant. 
The real point is that the end is at 
hand; the writing is on the wall; even 
the most loyal of Cannon's creatures 
have reluctantly recognized the in- 
evitable. * * * 

And when the fight is won, when 
the House has resumed its representa- 
tive character, when its committees 
are once more named with the view 
to. facilitate rather than to smother 
business, when the Committee on 
Rules shall administer the rules rather 
than the garrote, when Cannonism 
and Toryism have been routed and 
progress and enlightenment shall hold 
sway — then the country will go back 
to that imposing list of the things 
left undone when they ought to have 
been done, and there will be such 
progress as will restore confidence in 
our institutions and put an end to the 
joyous croakings of extremists who 
want to see affairs get as bad as pos- 
sible in the belief that they must be 
vastly worse before they can be bet- 
tered. 



Workmen « Teachers 



(Contributed to the Pacific Outlook) 



There probably are some isolated 
cases of men and women who are 
well trained and capable teachers, 
who teach at school half of each day, 
and who work at some other occupa- 
tion the other half of the day. If 
there is a sufficient number of such 
cases to insure correct conclusions, it 
would be interesting to investigate 
them thoroughly. 

Could the average teacher better in- 
struct students if he spent only halt 
of his working hours in teaching and 
the other half in some other suitable 
occupation? Might this not be espe- 
cially true if the teacher were given 
opportunity to change his occupation 
occasionally, thus enabling him to 
come into the closest contact with 
various activities and the people en- 
gaged in them? He might work as 
a carpenter, mason, blacksmith, struc- 
tural iron worker, mechanic, as clerk 
in some private or public activity, or 
he might do work that would be prac- 
tical for him to undertake in any 
other occupation. Two teachers could 
readily work as a pair to fill one 
place, one of them planning lessons 
and teaching in the forenoon and do- 
ing the other work in the afternoon, 
the other one adopting the reverse 
order in his work. 

Many teachers believe that their 
occupation as now conducted has, af- 
ter a long continued period, an unde- 
sirable effect, 'both on them and on 
their work. Specialization in mind- 
work is being carried so far, and this 
specialized work occupies so much of 
the individual's time, that the ma- 
jority of such workers will soon be 
affected with "occupation-unbalance." 
This trouble is not. a disease except 
possibly in extreme cases; it is mere- 
ly a mal-development of the mind, 
that in nearly every instance responds 
at once to normal conditions. If the 
case has gone so far as not thus to 
respond, it may almost be considered 
a disease. The teacher is quite as 
subject to this unbalance as is any 
other class of mind worker, but in 
no other class does this mind-con- 
dition work so much harm. Would 
it not be worth while to try an entire 
school with workmen-teachers, in or- 
der that the result on teachers and 
students might be observed? Al- 
though such a school would have 
some drawbacks, one can readily im- 
magine great industrial, political, and 
social advances resulting from the 



introduction of a few high schools of 
this kind in each State of the Union. 

The teacher's employment would 
have to be continuous so as to free 
him from serious financial cares. If 
labor unions and employers would 
aid in making this employment steady, 
it, no doubt, could be done. A slight 
degree of sentiment developed in 
favor of "ever ibetter schools" would 
overcome any little sacrifices that 
some might have to make in order to 
give the teacher the required steadi- 
ness of work. 

The foregoing plan would neces- 
sitate an increase in the number of 
teachers; but with more normal life 
conditions, and with the feeling of 
greater usefulness in teaching, an in- 
creasing number would train as 
teachers. It is to be expected that 
during the first few years of this 
varied work the teacher's develop- 
ment as a specialist will be retarded, 
but since he would avoid that some- 
thing that holds him stationary later, 
he and the world would be the gainer 
in the end. 

For many reasons an experiment as 
herein suggested would be worth try- 
ing. Practically any employment 
that is uniform in demand and into 
which strikes do not enter as a proD- 
lem, and any industry from which 
strikes have been virtually eliminated 
would be suitable for workmen- 
teachers. 

In order to emphasize again the 
main point, let it be said that the 
workman-teacher should, during his 
career, change his occupation at in- 
tervals with a view to learning by ex- 
perience as much as possible of hu- 
man life. According to his special 
branch of tutoring and according to 
his ability let such occupation finally 
include assistant managership in some 
gas, electric, water, or other large 
works; the secretaryship to the mayor 
or other public official, assistant pis- 
torship in a vigorous church; or any 
other effort that will test his aibility 
nearly to its limit. To follow the best 
rotation of occupations will require 
knowledge that is not yet developed, 
but twenty years of practical experi- 
ence in this line will in a great meas- 
ure give this knowledge to the 
schools. 

William Thum. 
♦ • ♦ 
THE CHICAGO TRIBUNE ON 
THE TIMES 

Even the most selfish and hardened 
of the "interests" which have cause to 



rejoice in the discomfiture of Mr. 
Pinchot, and none of them tries to 
disguise its glee, must have blushed 
at the zeal which caused the Los An- 
geles Times to bracket the dismissed 
forester with Dr. Cook. 

The shamelessness which could 
stoop to so base a comparison is all 
that may be expected from the de- 
tainer of Mr. Heney and the defend- 
er of the cause he prosecuted. — Chi- 
cago Tribune, Jan. 11. 

NEW BUILDING ORDINANCE 



repairing, building upon, moving, de- 
molishing and maintaining buildings 
and other structures, and the use 
thereof; providing for the issuing of 
permits for the same; providing for 
the condemnation of buildings and 
other structures dangerous to prop- 
erty, life or limb; and fixing a pen- 
alty for the violation of any of the 
provisions. 



The new ordinance which was 
passed by Council Dec. 24th, was pub- 
lished for the first time Jan. 19th, 
and is a very extensive and complete 
piece of legislation. It was com- 
piled by J. J. Backus, Chief Inspector 
of Buildings, assisted by Octavius 
Morgan, John Krempel and A. R. 
Kelly, architects, and Howard Rob- 
ertson and C. D. Houghton, deputy 
City Attorneys, and will be completely 
indexed by Mark C. Cohn, chief clerk 
of the Department of Buildings. The 
ordinance fills a long-felt want, and 
is something the city has been in need 
of^ for a long time. The purpose of 
this ordinance is to regulate the erec- 
tion, construction, alteration, raising, 



There Are Others 

A big-hearted Irish politician in a 
Western city had just left a theatre 
one night when he was approached by 
a beggar, who said: 

"Heaven bless your bright, benevo- 
lent face! A little charity, sir, for 
a poor cripple." 

The politician gave the man some 
coins, saying: 

"And how are you crippled, old 
man?" 

"Financially, sir," answered the beg- 
gar, as^ he made off. — Lippincott's 
Magazine. 



Sillicus — Do you believe there is 
honor among thieves? Cynicus — No; 
they are just as bad as other people. 
— Philadelphia Record. 



Any Suit or Overcoat in the House 

$11.75 

NOTHING RESERVED 

W. HUNTER & CO., 525 S. Spring 





! 



Beautiful New Wilshire Home, one 
of the Best Houses in the Fash- 
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A $12,000 house, just completed for owner, who cannot occupy it 
on account of business elsewhere and has made a price of $10,000 to 
effect a quick sale. 

Two-story ten rooms and large reception hall, situated on Cahuenga 
boulevard, near Wilshire. Lot 60 feet front, east frontage. 

DOWNSTAIRS — Reception hall, living room and dining room in 
solid quartered oak. Library in mahogany, all rooms hand-rubbed and 
dull finish. Servants' quarters, kitchen and butler's pantry in white 
enamel. 

UPSTAIRS — Reached by wide oak stairway, are five large sunny 
bedrooms, finished in mahogany and white enamel; nursery and sleeping 
porch. Open fireplace in one bedroom. Furnace heat and hardwood' 
floors throughout. Two bathrooms, completely equipped. 

The interior finish all over the house is exceptionally fine. Lighting 
fixtures, buffet, etc., all specially designed, and of the best possible 
quality. Large cement cellar, good garage and cemented drive. 

We are confident that at the price of $10,500 there is not another 
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232 Laughlin BIdg. 



Home 10767 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



MORE COMMENDATION FROM 
OUR READERS 



We reproduced two weeks ago a 
number of comments from sub- 
10 were renewing for the 
coming year, and thinking that a 
further list might be of interest to 
our readers, we again publish a se- 
lected few. 

Replying to the question, "do you 
like this paper?" a number com- 
mented as follows: 

Sure, it is A 1. Keep it up. 

— C. A. Parmelee. 

Admirable in its fearless advocacy 
of good government. 

— Dr. Andrew Stewart Lobingier. 

Read every word regularly. 

— H. J. Benedict. 

Yes; I find information not obtain- 
able elsewhere. 

— Hartley Shaw. 

The department, ''Los Angeles City 
Work and Legislation" is worth many 
times the subscription price; keep it 
up. 

— Theodore Grumbach. 



Yes, it is very good. 

— Geo. 



F. Getty. 



Excellent, just what we needed. 
— W. H. Willson. 

I sure do, — 'None such," always hits 
the mark, more and ever strength to 
your arm. 

— R. S. Barrett. 

I certainly do. 

— Garret F. Eustace, Sr. 

I like it. It is a valuable paper. 
— J. B. Lippincott. 

Can't do without the Pacific Out- 
look. 

—John H. Train. 

Yes, very much. 

—A. A. Schmidt. 

Yes, more strength to your elbow. 
—Dr. M. B. Campbell. 

Yes, it suits me fine. 

— F. E. Woodruff. 

Greatest paper published in Cali- 
fornia today. 

— Dr. Henry H. Lissner. 

You bet. 

— J. E. Neuber. 

I enjoy the editorials greatly, wish 
we had many such writers. 

The record of city affairs is also 
very good and not found as compre- 
hensive in any other paper, to my 
knowledge. 

— Julius Ottenbacher. 

The paper is doing a great good in 
giving the people the real truth. 

— <M. L. Carter. 

I like the paper very much. 

— 'L. Hansen, San Pedro. 

Yes, none with best interests of 
people at heart could do otherwise. 
— H. J. Burkhard. 

Yes, very much. 

—Dana W. Bartlett. 

You bet your life. 

— Tracy N. Stebbins. 

Yes, very much. The editorials are 
the best I read anywhere. 

—Dr. E. C. Moore. 

Sure. 

— W. G. Cochran. 

Can't do without it. 

— W. B. Hutchinson. 

Why yes, it suits me — it has the 
right 'twang" or flavor. 

— Lyman Farwell. 

Very much. You are doing a good 
work. 

— W. L. Jacobs. 



I*" i r > t rate. 



Very much. 

much. 



—J. B. Monlux. 



— R. B. Williamson. 



Indeed I do. 



-H. D. Barrows. 



— E. C. Andrus. 



I like your paper. 

— Wm. J. Waggoner. 

I take great pleasure in handing you 
my check for subscription to the Pa- 
cific Outlook. 

I hope you may get many thous- 
ands who will appreciate your paper 
sufficiently to send in their cash. 
— F. V. Owen. 

Of all the newspapers and maga- 
zines that come to my table, I pick 
up the Pacific Outlook to read first — 
C. D. 'Willard's editorials. 

— Wm. B. Frackelton. 

Pacific Outlook is a hard weekly to 
match for interesting reading. 

— Homer P. Earle. 

IDecidedly, yes. 

— Theo B. Comstock. 

Yes, indeed. .Mr. Willard's words 
alone are worth the orice and more. 
— Elizabeth L. Kenney. 



Yes indeed. 



— Harry Andrews. 



A great many of our subscribers 
merely state that they "like the pa- 
per." Among these are: George A. 
Ferris, John Sinclair, S. C. Wing, 
Georp-e Rheinschild, Chas. 'C. Carpen- 
ter, Charles Seyler, Paul Haupt, A. E. 
Pomeroy, R. W. Dromgold, Tas. A. 
Foshay. A. W. Bumiller. Dr. Paul E. 
Simonds, J. B. Coffey, A. J. Wallace, 
J. O. Koepfli, D. H. McDonald, Sew- 
ard A. Simons, Chas. C. Polk, R. H. 
Norton. Thos. Lee Woolwine, Benj. 
P. "Welch. Elmer E. Cole, Dr. F. W. 
Bassett. W. S. Bartlett. Hon. Robt. 
N. Bulla, .Myron Hunt, W. S. Taylor. 
+ + * 

Press Opinion On "Can- 
nonism" and the Ad- 
ministration 



declared they are done with the dom- 
inating methods of Senator Aldrich 



The Steam Roller 

(Peoria Journal) 

Word comes from Washington that 
Postmaster General Hitchcock^ has 
informed one of the so-called "insur- 
gents" that his drafts on the postoffice 
department for positions for his 
friends will not be honored; that the 
insurgents need not be at the trouble 
of lining up at the pie counter, as the 
pie will not reach them. 

Incidentally it is also stated that a 
fight will be made against the renomi- 
nation of the "insurgents," and if that 
is not effectual, the opposition will be 
carried to the polls. 

In other words, Mr. Hitchcock is 
to be the conductor once more of the 
famous steam roller, that was so suc- 
cessful in crushing out the aspirations 
and even the political life of some 
once promising politicians while the 
last national campaign was on. 

Taft and the Whip 

(Terre Haute Tribune) 
President Taft is reported as tak- 
ing the attitude that if an obligation 
rests upon him to give certain patron- 
age to a representative of his party, 
to make certain nominations for of- 
fice at the request of some senator or 
congressman, there should be a reci- 
procal obligation on the part of such 



party representative to support the 
president. 

This stand on the part of the chief 
executive is a direct blow at the so- 
called insurgents — the men who 
hey 
cthc 
and Speaker Cannon. 

President Taft has so far shown 
that he is easily swayed, easily moved 
from one position to another. Per- 
haps he will change his mind on thiy 
particular stand within a day or two. 
Should the recalcitrants get together 
and hold up a few of his appointments 
in the senate lie undoubtedly will 
do so. 

End of Cannonism in Sight 

(St. Louis Republic, Dem.) 

The Republic's recent prophecy that 
Cannon "had seen the ghost that 
would meet him at Philippi" goes on 
to Fulfillment. On Tuesday the Ohio 
delegation caucused and is_ reported 
to have resolved to oppose his re-elec- 
tion as speaker. 

Ohio has thirteen Republican rep- 
resentatives, but this not the only 
thing that gives the action signifi- 
cance. Ohio is a state a good deal 
heard from in matters political, whose 
politicians have a developed taste for 
office holding and much practice in 
the knocking down of plums. What- 
ever else Ohio has been accused of 
in a political way, up to the time of 
our going to press her leaders have 
been credited with being fairly 
weatherwise in the matter of going 
in when it rains. 



The Air Clears 

(Nebraska State Journal, Rep.) 
Thanks to the utter madness of 
Speaker Cannon and to the subser- 
viency of his friends, tile situation in 
the house grows clear. Goaded by 
last Friday's defeat, a blow that 
i have led to resignations in a 
European parliament, the speaker is 
using the mailed fist with an aban- 
don that looks not to consequences. 
What Is Needed 
(Illinois State Journal, Rep.) 
Uncle Sam needs more Pinchots, 
Prices, and Shaws in his ser- 
vi . and fewer supple ibacked office- 
holders who work a given number of 
hours a day for a stipulated sum, and 




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10 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



possess neither sense of duty nor 
patriotism. We need more, young 
men in public office who are willing 
to drop their bookkeeping and do po- 
lice service when police service will 
best serve the interest of the people. 
And, in the end, this people will 
reward such fine sense of duty. Presi- 
dents may fail to appreciate it, now 
and then, but the people — never! 
Playing with Edged Tools 
(St. Paul Pioneer Press.) 

However desirable or necessary 
party discipline may be in a form of 
government that provides for rule by 
party organization, the organization 
leaders of the house at Washington 
are clearly going to a highly danger- 
ous extreme in the use of the party 
lash. 

Republicans of Minnesota, Iowa, 
Wisconsin, the Dakotas, and the west 
in general will refuse to have their 
representatives in congress selected 
and their course in congress outlined 
by the Aldrich-Cannon representa- 
tives of special privilege. The Re- 
publicans west of the Alleghanies are 
in no mood for dictation or coercion 
by New England and the Danville 
district of Illinois. They are in no 
mood to surrender the right of free 
thought and free speech and honest 
representation of their constituents in 
the interests of party discipline or 
"party solidarity." 

* * + 
TREE FEELINGS 

I wonder if they like it, — being trees? 

I suppose they do 

It must feel good to have the ground 

so flat, 
And feel yourself stand right straight 

up like that — 
So stiff in the middle, — and then 

branch at ease, 
Big boughs that arch, small ones that 

bend and blow 
And all those fringy leaves that flut- 
ter so. 
You'd think they'd break off at the 

lower end 
When the wind fills them, and their 

great heads bend. 
But then you think of all the roots 

they drop, 
As much ai bottom as there is at 

top, — 
A double tree, widespread in earth 

and air 
Like a reflection in the water there. 

I guess they like to stand still in the 

sun 
And just breathe out and in, and feel 

the cool sap run; 
And like to feel the rain run tnrough 

their hair 
And slide down to the roots and set- 
tle there. 
But I think they like wind best. From 

the light touch 
That lets the leaves whisper and kiss 

so much, 
To the great swinging, tossing, flying 

wide, 
And all the time so stiff and strong 

inside! 
And the big winds, that pull, and 

make them feel 
How long their roots are, and the 

earth how leal! 

And O, the blossoms! And the wild 

seeds lost! 
And jeweled martyrdom of fiery frost! 
And fruit trees. I'd forgotten. No 

cold gem, 
But to be apples — and bow down with 

them! 

— Charlotte Perkins Stetson. 

* ♦ ♦ 

Kentucky Tailor — Hip pockets? 
Customer — Yes. Tailor — large or 
small? Customer — Half pints. — Phila- 
delphia Press. 

* * * 

Cynicus — That girl never says 
much, does she? Sillicus — Why, she 
talks all the time. Cynicus — That 
doesn't alter my. contention. — Phila- 
delphia Record. 



Famous SHort Stories 



THE MURDERS IN THE RUE 

MORGUE 
(Synopsis of Portion Published) 

The writer, in the summer of 18 — , 
met in a Paris library a young 
Frenchman of reduced means, with 
whom he soon ibecame so friendly that 
they decided to have a common home. 
An old house in the Faubourg St. 
Germain being chosen the two friends 
entered upon a strange life of reading, 
contemplation and dreams, living be- 
hind closed shutters all day and is- 
suing forth at dark to be onlookers 
at the busy life of the city. Dupin, 
the writer's friend, showed a remark- 
able genius for analysis and deduc- 
tion, and declared that most men, in 
respect to himself, wore windows in 
their bosoms. Just at this time, in 
the Quartier St. Roch, a double mur- 
der occurred, accompanied by such 
atrocities that it was the general sub- 
ject of talk and conjecture. 



"Isidore Muset, gendarme, deposes 
that he was called to the house about 
three o'clock in the morning, and 
found some twenty or thirty persons 
at the gateway, endeavoring to gain 
admittance. Forced it open, at 
length, with a bayonet, — not with a 
crow-bar. Had but little difficulty in 
getting it open, on account of its be- 
ing a double or folding gate, and 
bolted neither at bottom nor top. 
The shrieks were continued until the 
gate was forced, and then suddenly 
ceased. They seemed to be screams 
of some person (or persons) in great 
agony; were loud and drawn out, not 
short and quick. Witness led the 
way up stairs. Upon reaching the 
first landing, heard two voices in loud 
and angry contention; the one a gruff 
voice, the other much shriller, — a very 
strange voice. Could distinguish 
some words of the former, which was 
that of a Frenchman. Was positive 
that it was not a woman's voice. 
Could distinguish the words sacre 
and diable. The shrill -voice was that 
erf a foreigner. Could not be sure 
whether it was the voice of a man or 
of a woman. Could not make out 
what was said, but believed the lan- 
guage to be Spanish. The state of 
the room and of the bodies was de- 
scribed by this witness as we de- 
scribed them yesterday. 

"Henri (Duval, a neighbor, and by 
trade a silversmith, deposes that he 
was one of the party who first en- 
tered the house. Corroborates the 
testimony of Muset in general. As 
soon as they forced an entrance, they 
reclosed the door to keep out the 
crowd, which collected very fast, not- 
withstanding the lateness of the hour. 
The shrill voice, this witness thinks, 
was that of an Italian. Was certain 
it was not French. Could not be 
sure that it was a man's voice. It 
might have been a woman's. Was 
not acquainted with the Italian lan- 
guage. Could not distinguish the 
words, but was convinced 'by the in- 
tonation that the speaker was an 
Italian. Knew Madame L. and her 
daughter. Had conversed with both 
frequently. Was sure that the shrill 
voice was not that of either of the 
deceased. 

" Odenheimer, restauranteur. 

This witness volunteered his testi- 
mony. Not sneaking French, was ex- 
amined through an interpreter. Is a 
native of Amsterdam. Was passing 
the house at the time of the shrieks. 
They lasted for several minutes — 
orobably ten. They were long and 
loud, very awful and distressing. Was 
one of those who entered the build- 
ing. Corroborated the previous evi- 
dence in every respect but one. Was 
sure that the shrill ypice was that of 



a man, — of a Frenchman. Could not 
distinguish the words uttered. They 
were loud and quick, unequal, spoken 
apparently in fear as well as in anger. 
The voice was harsh, — not so much 
shrill as harsh. Could not call it a 
shrill voice. The gruff voice said re- 
peated, sacre, diable, and once mon 
Dieu. 

"Jules Mignaud, banker, of the firm 
of Mignaud' et Fils, Rue Deloraine. Is 
the elder Mignaud. Madame L'Es- 
panaye had some property. Had 
opened an account with his banking- 
house in the spring of the year 

(eight years previously). -Made fre- 
quent deposits in small sums. Had 
checked for nothing until the third 
day before her death, when she took 
out in person the sum of 4,000 francs. 
This suni was paid in gold, and a 
clerk sent home with the money. 

"Adolphe Le Bon, clerk to Mignaud 
et Fils, deposes that on the day in 
question, about noon, he accompanied 
Madame L'Espanaye to her residence 
with the 4,000 francs, put up in two 
bags. Upon the door being opened, 
Mademoiselle L. appeared, and took 
from his hands one of the bags, while 
the old lady relieved him of the other. 
He then bowed and departed. Did 
not see any person in the street at 
the time. It is a by-street, very 
lonely. 

"William Bird, tailor, deposes that 
he was one of the party who entered 
the house. Is an Englishman. Has 
lived in Paris two years. Was one of 
the first to ascend the stairs. Heard 
the voices in contention. The gruff 
voice was that of a Frenchman. 
Could make out several words, but 
cannot now remember all. Heard 
distinctly sacre and mon Dieu. There 
was a sound at the moment as if of 
several persons struggling, — a scrap- 
ing and scuffling sound. The shrill 
voice was very loud, — louder than the 
gruff one. Is sure that it was not the 
voice of an Englishman.. Appeared 
to be that of a German. Might have 
been a woman's voice. Does not un- 
derstand German. 

"Four of the above-named wit- 
nesses, being recalled, deposed that 
the door o'f the chamber in which was 
found the body of Mademoiselle L. 
was locked on the inside when the 
party reached it. Everything was 
perfectly silent, — no groans or noises 
of any kind. Upon forcing the door 
no person was seen.. The windows, 
both of the back and front room, 
were down, and firmly fastened from 
within. A door between the two 
rooms was closed, but not locked. 
The door leading from the front room 
into the passage was locked, with the 
key on the inside. A small room in 
the front of the house, on the fourth 
story, at the head of the passage, was 
open, the door being ajar. This room 
was crowded with old beds, boxes, 
and so forth. These were carefully 
removed and searched. There was 
not an inch of any portion of the 
house which was not carefully 
searched. Sweeps were sent up and 
down the chimneys. The house was 
a four-story one, with garrets (man- 
sardes). A trap-door on the roof was 
nailed down very securely, — did not 
appear to have been opened for years. 
The time elapsing between the hear- 
ing of the voices in contention and 
the breaking open of the room door 
was variously stated by. the witnesses. 
Some made it as short as three min- 
utes, some as long as five. The door 
was ODened with difficulty. 

"Alfonzo Garcio, undertaker,, de- 
poses that he resides in the Rue 
Morgue. Is a native of Spain. Was 
one of the party who entered the 
house. Did not proceed up stairs. Is 



nervous, and was apprehensive of the 
consequences of agitation. Heard the 
voices in contention. The gruff voice 
was that of a Frenchman. Could not 
distinguish what was said. The shrill 
voice was that of an Englishman, — is 
sure of this. Does not understand 
the English language, but judges iby 
the intonation. 

"Alberto Montani, confectioner, de- 
poses that he was among the first to 
ascend the stairs. Heard the voices 
in question. The gruff voice was that 
of a Frenchman. Distinguished sev- 
eral words. The speaker appeared to 
be expostulating. Could not make 
out the words of the shrill voice. 
Spoke quick and unevenly. Thinks 
it the voice of a Russian. Corrobor- 
ates the general testimony. Is an 
Italian. Never conversed with a na- 
tive of Russia. 

"Several witnesses, recalled, here 
testified that the chimneys of all the 
rooms on the fourth story were too 
narrow to admit the passage of a hu- 
man being. By 'sweeps' were meant 
cylindrical sweeping-brushes, such as 
are employed by those who clean 
chimneys. These brushes were passed 
up and down every flue in the house. 
There is no back passage by which 
any one could have descended while 
the party proceeded up stairs. The 
body of Mademoiselle L'Espanaye 
was so firmly wedged in the chimney 



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Christian Science Services 

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entist— E'bell Hall, 18th and Fi- 
gueroa streets. 

Third Church of Christ Sci- 
entist — Simpson Auditorium, 734 
S. Hope Street. Services Sun- 
day 11 a. m. and 8 p. m. Ser- 
mon from the Christian Science 
Quarterly. Subject: 

"TRUTH" 

(Children's Sunday School 
9:30 a. m. Wednesday evening 
meetings at 8 o'clock. Reading 
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PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



II 



that it could not be got down until 
>r five of the party united their 
■Ith. 

physician, dep 
that hi 

They were both 
then lying on the sacking of the bed- 
stead in the chamber where Made- 
found. The corpse 
of the young lady was much bruised 
and ej The fact that it had 

been thrust up the chimney would 
ently account for these appear- 
Tne throat was greatly chafed. 
There were several deep scratches 
clow the chin, together with a 
which were evi- 
dently the impression of fingers. The 
face was fearfully discolored, and the 
eyeballs protruded. The tongue had 
partially bitten through. A large 
vered upon the pit of 
the stomach, produced, apparently, by 
the pressure of a knee. In the opin- 
ion of- .M. Dumas. Mademoiselle l.'F.s- 
panaye had been throttled to death by 
some person or persons unknown. 
The corpse of the mother was hor- 
ribly mutilated. All the bones of the 
right leg and arm were more or less 
shattered. The left tibia much splin- 
tered, as well as all the ribs of the 
left side. Whole body dreadfully 
bruised and discolored. It was not 
possible to say how the injuries had 
been inflicted. A heavy club of wood, 
or a broad bar of iron, a chair, any 
large, and obtuse weapon, would have 
produced such results, if wielded by 
the hands of a very powerful man. 
No woman could have inflicted the 
blows with any weapon. The head of 
the deceased, when seen by witness, 
was entirely separated from the body, 
and was also greatly shattered. The 
throat had evidently been cut with 
snme very sharp instrument, — prob- 
ably with a razor. 

"Alexandre Etienne, surgeon, was 
called with M. Dumas to view the 
bodies. Corroborated the testimony, 
and the opinions of M. Dumas. 

"Nothing further of importance was 
elicited, although several other per- 
sons were examined. A murder so 
mysterious, and so perplexing in all 
its particulars, was never before com- 
mitted in Paris, — if indeed a murder 
has been committed at all. The po- 
lice are entirely at fault, — an unusual 
occurrence in affairs of this nature. 
There is not, however, the shadow of 
a clew apparent." 

The evening edition of the paper 
stated that the greatest excitement 
still continued in the Quartier St. 
Rich; that the premises in question 
had been carefully researched, and 
fresh examinations of witnesses in- 
stituted, but all to no purpose. A 
postscript, however, mentioned that 
Adolphe Le Bon had been arrested 
and imprisoned, although nothing ap- 
peared to criminate him, beyond the 
facts already detailed. 

Dupin seemed singularly interested 
in the progress of this affair, — at least 
so I judged from his manner, for he 
made no comments. It was only af- 
ter the announcement that Le Bon 
had been imprisoned, that he asked 
me my opinion respecting the mur- 
ders. 

I could merely agree with all Paris 
in considering them an insoluable 
mystery. I saw no means iby which 
it would be possible to trace the mur- 
derer. 

"We must not judge of the means," 
said Dupin, "by this shell of an ex- 
amination. The Parisian police, so 
much extolled for acumen, are cun- 
ning, but no more. There is no 
method in their proceedings, beyond 
the method of the moment. They 
make a vast parade of measures; but, 
not unfrequently, these are so ill 
adapted to the objects proposed, as 
to put us in mind of Monsieur Jour- 
dain's calling for his robe-de-chambre 
—pour mieux entendre la musique. 
The results attained by them are not 
(Continued on page 151 




rVSIC 




ning with a musical program of 
merit and closing with the one-act 
musical travesty, Angel Town." the 
Gamut l.'luh annual entertainment of 
Wednesday evening \va* a de- 
cided SUCCeS9. "Angel Town" is an 
original production by Gamut Club 
members, assisted by brilliant local 
talent, and deals in burlesque Style 
with the momentous question of the 



who sang with success a prettj love 
song. 

The club orchestra, under the di- 
rection of Henry Schoenfeld. contri- 
butcd two numbers. Overture "Stra- 
della," by Flotow and Audran's "La 
Cigale." Both selections were suited 
to the size and character of tin or- 
chestra and were given an entirely 
pleasing rendition. A genuine artis- 




Mme. Schumann-Heink 



choice oi' a leader for the municipal 
band. Vociferous applause greeted 
the entry of Mr. C. F. Edson as "the 
mayor," one of the principal parts. 
The honors of the evening, however, 
went fairly to Wayland Trask, the 
suffragent and "her" chorus of beau- 
tiful "'maidens," though advocates of 
woman suffrage might not find their 
cause strengthened by such allies. The 
militant phase of suffragette activity 
was given accurate representation, and 
if reports from London may be be- 
lieved, the actual facts were not much 
exaggerated. The only serious sing- 
ing was done by Mr. Jos. P. Dnpuy. 



tic treat were the violin solos iby 
Ralph Ginsburg. This young musi- 
cian is rich in temperament and the 
throbbing tone of his "Ave Maria" 
showed that he is of virtuoso calibre. 
The program follows: 

Overture — "Stradella" Flotow — Or- 
chestra. 

Violin Solo. 

(a) "Ave Maria" (Schubert-Wil- 
helmj); (b) "Spanish Dance" (Sar- 
atel — Ralph Ginsburg. 

Tenor Solo — "Celeste Aida" (Ver- 
di)— Roland Paul. 

Selection — "La Cigale" (Audran)— 
Orchestra. 



^GEiL TOWN 
Cast of Characters 
In the order of their appearance 

Georgic Schmitt, who also ran— 
\\ I -ley Hatch. 

Conspiracy Police- -By Himself. 

Tough Policeman — Clyde McCoy. 

Suffragent — Wayland Trask, 

Schneider, of Schneider's Band — 
Frank B. Dunwcll. 

Mayor of Angel Town— C. F. Ed- 
son. 

Chief Tischman — E. J. Ovington. 

Municipal Musi nissioners — 

Col. Rubicon, Chairman, .Melville P. 
Frasier; Creatarora. Secretary, Ells- 
worth E. Salyer; Creme PoulTc, L 
Stanley iMoorehead; Farwell. A. W. 
Francisco; Professor Heimspeiler, Ed- 
ward L. Doe. 

II' it. ID'ocent Weiblichkeit — Joseph 
P. Ehipuy. 



Mine. Schumann-Heink and Mine. 
Carreno are the predominant figures 
in musical events of the next few 
weeks. These great women are 
among the world's tried artists, and 
need no recommendation but their 
own achievements. The final item of 
the program which follows is of spe- 
cial interest to Los Angeles as it an- 
nounces the debut concert of one of 
the most promising of the young 
musicians. 

Tuesday, Jan. 25th, Simpson Audi- 
torium — Ellis Club Concert. 

Thursday evening, Jan. 27th — Schu- 
mann-Heink recital. 

Saturday matinee, Jan. 29th, Simp- 
son Auditorium — Schumann-Heink re- 
cital. 

Friday evening, Feb. 4th, Simpson 
Auditorium — Frederick Warde, well 
known actor and lecturer, under the 
auspices of the Galpin Shakespeare 
Club. 

Tuesday evening, Feb. 8th — First 
Mme. Carreno piano recital in Simp- 
son Auditorium. 

Thursday afternoon, Simpson Audi- 
torium — Second School Children's 
musical afternoon. 

Friday afternoon, Feb. 11th — Fourth 
Symphony Concert, with Mme. Te- 
resa Carreno as soloist, taking place 
in the Auditorium. 

Saturday afternoon, Feib. 12th — 
Farewell matinee of Mme. Carreno at 
Simpson Auditorium. 

Thursday evening. Feb. 17th — Debut 
concert of Ralph Ginsburg. 



Composers of such widely separated 
periods and such totally different style 
and quality as Mozart and Grieg will 
be represented on the next symphony 
program. The Symphony will be Mo- 
zart's in E Flat Major and the soloist 
of the occasion will be Madame Car- 
reno, though her selections cannot yet 
be given. Besides the Symphony, the 
orchestra will play a "Set of Sym- 
phonic Dances," by Grieg and Mas- 
cagni's "Overture to William Rat- 
cliffe." 



The final vocal recitals of this sea- 
son will be given by Mme. Ernestine 
Schumann-Heink, on next Thursday 
evening, Jan. 27th. and Saturday mati- 
nee, the 29th in Simpson Auditorium. 

This tour of this favorite prima 
donna is the most extended she has 
ever made in this country and so far 
has been the most successful. 

Her tremendous success in Strauss's 
late opera in Berlin caused the con- 
servative Berliners who are accus- 
tomed to sterling worth in singing 
and immense successes to quite outdo 
themselves in the homage they paid 
her. 

Mine. Schumann-Heink programs 
for this city are not only models in 
program building, but are so arranged 



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12 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



that they will be of exceptional in- 
terest to the layman as well as the 
musician. They are given below: 

January 27 — Recit. and aria "Vitel- 
lia" from "Titus" (W. A. - Mozart) ; 

(a) Aria from opera "Samson and 
Delila" (Saint-Saens), (b) Waltraute 
Scene from "Gotterdammerung'' (R. 
Wagner), (c) "Ah mon fils" from "Le 
Prophete" (G. Meyerbeer); Die All- 
macht (Franz .Schubert), (b) Das E,r- 
kennen (Carl Loewe), (c) Mutter an 
der Wiege (Carl Loewe), (d) Traum 
Durch die Dammergung (Richard 
Strauss), (e) Allerseelen (Richard 
Strauss), (f) Liebesfeier (Felix VVein- 
gartner); (a) The Rosary (Ethelbert 
Nevin), (b) Oh, Let Night Speak to 
Me (G. iW. Chadwick), (c) Danza 
(G. W. Chadwick), (d) His Lullaby 
('Mrs. C. J. Bond), (e) Love in a Cot- 
tage (Rudolph Ganz); Recit. and aria 
(Prison Scene) from Le Prophete 
(Meyerbeer). 

January 29 — Recit. and aria "Sex- 
tus," from the opera "Titus" (W. S. 
■Mozart); (a) Gretchen am Apinnrad, 

(b) IDer Doppelganger, (c) Rastlose 
Liebe, (d) Tod und dar Madchen, (e) 
Der Erlkonig (Franz Schubert); (a) 
Feldeinsamkeit, (b) Von swiger 
Liebe (Joh. IBrahms), (c) Befreit, (d) 
Ich trage meine Minne, (e) Heimliche 
Aufforderung (Richard Strauss); (a) 
Liebeslied (Richard Sahla), (b) Wie- 
genlied (L. Stein), (c) Ah, Love but 
a Day (Mrs. H. H. Beach), (d) Irish 
Love Song (Margaret B. Lang), (e) 
Children's Prayer (Max Reger), (f) 
Danza (by request) (G. W. Chad- 
wick). 



It has ibeen definitely announced 
that Tilly Koenen, the famous Dutch 
contralto, will, in addition to her re- 
cital in this city in March, sing with 
the Los Angeles Symphony Orchestra 
at their fifth concert. 



Pepito Arriola, the boy pianist, will 
not visit the Coast this season. 



The Flonzaley 'Music Quartette are 
gaining popularity in the east through 
the construction of their programs 
which are arranged so as to be of in- 
terest to the layman as well as the 
technically equipped. 



Though the value of forecasting the 
future may be questioned, to do so 
is excusable and natural. Mr. Felix 
Weingartner has allowed his fancy to 
picture the possible composer of the 
future — his character, mission and 
aims. 

"I think of him as having a strong 
human personality, not as national 
or as belonging to any party, because 
music is a universal art. I picture 
him as inspired with a glowing en- 
thusiasm for what the great minds of 
all times and all nations have pro- 
duced, and having an invincible aver- 
sion to mediocrity." ... "I see 
him wandering, as it were, in an Al- 
pine region, with his gaze constantly 
fixed on the highest peak, towards 
which he is always advancing." 
. _ . . "To only a few is it per- 
mitted to wander on the highest sum- 
mits of humanity, and this 'super- 
human' state cannot be constructed, 
learned or acquired. It comes only- 
as a transcendent gift from the re- 
gions above." . . . "The appear- 
ance of that new composer will be 
a question of personality and not of 
education. His ideas, his inspirations, 
must come from life." . . . "But 
will that loftiness, that charm, that 
strength and sweetness of spirit, by 
which our great masters were charac- 
terized, return today upon the basis 
of the modern philosophy of life? Al- 
though the answer must be left to 
the author, we may say that if the 
feelings, the thought, the ideas, be as 
great and noble as those of the great 
masters, then the music will be right. 
:But if not, then, whether you mount 
Pelion on Ossa, whether you write 
for a thousand tromibones and for 
two _ hundred thousand kettledrums; 
nothing will result but a bogey." 




eatt?e 




"The Alaskan" 
Color, vigor and oddity characterize 
the distinctly different musical com- 
edy, "The Alaskan," which is giving 
Majestic patrons unusual satisfaction 
this week. With two strapping, re- 
alistic young miners for heroes, two 
expert comedians supplied with up-to- 
the-minute pleasantry, a support of 
worth, picturesque scenes, and I the 
rugged atmosphere of the Alaskan 
country carried out, even in the music, 
with as much consistency as musical 
comedy limitations permit, this is no 



ness. The voice of the former is dis- 
tinctive, though to the latter is intrust- 
ed the "Totem Pole" song, which he 
essays with success. 

Richard F. Carroll and Gus C. 
Weinburg, who have creditably ac- 
complished the reconstruction of the 
piece, impersonate an actor and a pro- 
fessor. The comedy talents of each 
are above the average and sufficiently 
differentiated to give variety. 

The second act interior might re- 
ceive better treatment at the hands 
of the stage artist, but the "Snowball" 




Mrs. Leslie Carter in "Vasta Heme" 



mediocre production. Any sated the- 
atregoer will feel a thrill at the close 
of the first act, when the two lonely 
miners, deserted by their lady loves 
and disgusted with their mine, don 
their fur coats with grim resolution 
and start up the mountain trail in a 
driving snowstorm, looking for new 
fields to conquer. No word is spoken 
during this enactment of the "start- 
ing afresh" moment which happens 
in every man's life. The silence, as 
well as the unique beauty of idea and 
scene, is immensely effective, and the 
pack of dogs who dash up the trail 
after the men is a clever touch of 
realism which brings a storm of ap- 
plause. John R. Phillip and Detmar 
Poppen play these miners with youth- 
ful vitality and unexaggerated crude- 



song compensates for much, and the 
audience enters into a rousing battle 
with the downy missiles. Miss Etta 
Lockhart as a fetching Eskimo girl is 
the leading spirit, throwing with con- 
tagious vim and dangerous accuracy. 
Miss Jessie Stoner plays Arlee Easton 
with a deft touch and possesses an 
agreeable voice. A conspicuously 
clever quartette are the four miners 
who propose to her collectively. The 
chorus is, according to the program, 
"well-behaved." Who dares deny? 
Dorothy Russell Lewis. 



ance Monday night at the Belasco 
theatre. 

For a number of years Mr. Brown 
has been a successful short story 
writer for various magazines and his 
attempt at play writing, (this one is 
not the first), has thus far proven 
most successful. 

The play contains natural lines, in 
fact that is the secret of its success; 
the situations are all expected before 
they arise, the climax is obscure and 
is passed before the audience recog- 
nizes it, the comedy is not the excep- 
tional and could easily be eliminated. 
Yet the play is a success. Why? 
[Because the characters are human, the 
lines absolutely natural, the situations 
are not unheard of. Only one sug- 
gestion could possibly be made; cut 
the piece down to three acts and do 
away with most of the new super- 
fluous comedy. 

The play gives us a new view of 
the trials and tribulations of a too 
loving husband, and an extravagant 
wife, and is so cleverly unfolded be- 
fore the audience that it leaves noth- 
ing to the imagination. 

Lewis Stone as the husband, gives 
a realistic presentation of a worried 
business man. Every tone, look and 
gesture denoting plainly the condi- 
tion of his troubled mind. This role 
fits him like a glove. The extrava- 
gant and frivolous wife is played in 
a most natural and artistic manner 
by Miss Magrane. The light and 
shade of her acting being made re- 
markably apparent in her only truly 
emotional scene in the last act, where 
she tries to persuade her husband to 
believe what she tells to be the truth. 
Perhaps the honors of the perform- 
ance should fall to Miss Lewis, who, 
in. portraying the character part of 
Aunt Gretchen shows what a real ar- 
tist really is. Miss Taylor looked 
pretty as usual and as the younger 
sister was pleasing, while Mr. Vivian 
as her sweetheart acted in his accus- 
tomed sincere manner. Mr. Yerance 
played a retired traveling salesman, 
who later becomes a lawyer in an 
amusing manner. In the hands of 
the clever Belasco company "The 
Spendthrift" is_ an artistic play, and 
well worth seeing. 



"The Spendthrift" 

"The Spendthrift," a comedy drama 
in four acts, by Porter Emerson 
Brown, was given its initial perform- 



"Men and Women" 

Twelve years ago "Men and 
Women," which is being revived at 
the Burbank theatre this week, was 
regarded as the best comedy-drama of 
American life ever written. So it 
was — at that time. It is still an ex- 
cellent medium of observance into the 
modern methods of finance, it has just 
enough well written love scenes to 
be entertaining without entering bore- 
dom and in this presentation is beau- 
tifully staged and consistently acted. 

If Belasco and De Mille, the au- 
thors, had written and produced this 
play within the last two years all of 
its present "aside" speeches, which 
are rather out of place nowadays, 
would have been eliminated, its lines 
and construction would be up to date, 
and modern. "Men and Women" 
would undoubtedly meet with imme- 
diate success. The misappropriation 
of a hundred thousand dollars of 
bank securities by the cashier is the 
basis of the plot. Although the idea 
is not new, it still appeals to the mind 
with all its dramatic possibilities. 

Miss Nordstrom pleases her au- 
dience more this week than ever be- 
fore and as Agnes Rodman, the de- 
faulting cashier's fiance, she has an 
opportunity to exhibit some great 
dramatic emotion which, incidentally, 
she takes agreeably surprising advan- 
tage of. Mention should be made of 
the magnificent way in which she 
"dressed the part," wearing among 
others, two exquisite gowns, thereby 
winning her way to the hearts of the 
feminine patrons. 

In the part of William Prescott, 
the cashier, Byron Beasley gives us 
a true life study of a strong man suf- 
fering intense mental agony. David 
Hartford's real acting as Israel Cohen, 






PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



president of the bank, is finished and 
appreciated, his repose being incom- 
parable. Henry Stockbridgc 
John Burton, by their laugh getting 
personalities make really funni 
era! good but rather old fashioned 
comedy scenes. Willis Marks enacts 
Mr. Pendleton, the oldest director of 
the bank, in such a way as to evoke 
a feeling of regret that the character 
appears in but one spot. The re- 
mainder of the large company are well 
and the scenery is appropriate. 
By "figures" from the box office, 
"Men and Women" seems still pop- 
ular and well supported, which is as 
iiould be. 

C. W. Scheu. 



Mason 

Nothing finer in the way of dra- 
matic offering is likely to be seen 
here this season than the new drama 
of morals and emotions, 
Heme," which is to be presented by 
Mrs. Leslie Carter, at the Mason 
Opera House next week. 

"Vasta Heme," the character who 
lends her name to the drama, is a 
New York woman of beauty and cul- 
ture who has won fortune and fame 
as a writer. She has fallen into the 
hands of an unscrupulous publisher, 
one Hartley Bellaire, and it is in an 
effort to escape him that she has re- 
course to drugs under whose influence 
she finds herself able to write more 
brilliantly than ever before. It is the 
same influence in the case of Vasta 
as was the bane of the poet Shelley 
and which made the brilliant DeQuin- 
cy famous. The proDlem behind this 
drama is the problem of the drug- 
users. Into the life of Vasta Heme 
comes Dr. Dudley Maury, who recog- 
nizes her symptoms and loving the 
woman, determines to save her in 
spite of herself. The dramatic con- 
flict comes between the two men, each 
fighting for different impulses; and 
between the two of them Vasta Heme 
is left to fight her battle alone. It 
is a tensely graphic and interesting 
story and the solution for such a char- 
acter. 

Mrs. Carter has always been sur- 
rounded by a capable supporting 
company and this season is no excep- 
tion to the rule. Her leading man is 
Mr. E. J. Ratcliffe, and others in her 
support are such well known players 
as Charles Clary, Louis Mylls, Wil- 
liam E. Shay, Alice Butler, Florence 
Walone and Lily Cahill. 



carefully chosen and includes a num- 

. i ts who have appeared with 
Mr. Ilanford in the past. 

Belasco 

"The Spendthrift" is going to be 
continued for another week at the 
:o theatre. 

The presentation of this play has 
attracted audiences that have crowded 
the BelasCO theatre at every perform- 
ance and the demand for scats is so 
insistent that the advertised produc- 
tion of "Mrs. Eastman's Pearls" is 
necessarily postponed. Frederic 

Thompson, the New York theatrical 
manager, who controls the stage 
rights for "The Spendthrift" and Mr. 
Browne, author of the play, are both 
on their way to Los Angeles and will 
arrive here Tuesday. Mr. Browne is 
making the trip to adopt the stage 
business used by the Belasco players, 
while Mr. Thompson is absenting 
himself at this busy period of the 
year from his work in New York City 
for the purpose of personally con- 
firming the reports that have reached 
Broadway to the effect that "The 
Spendthrift" is one of the successes 
of the present theatrical year. 

It is only possible to continue "The 
Spendthrift" for the present week and 
the management of the Belasco thea- 
tre makes the emphatic announcement 
that the play will be continued for 
this week only. 

George Broadhurst's play, "The 
Man of the Hour," must positively be 
produced on the Belasco stage a 
week from Monday night, which 
makes any extended run of "The 
Spendthrift" out of the question. 



Majestic 

"The American Lord," a four-act 
comedy by George H. Broadhurst and 
Charles T. Dazey, is the offering for 
the coming week at the Majestic. 

In brief the story of "The Ameri- 
can Lord" is that of John Breuster, 
a North Dakotan, who is about to be 
nominated for Congress when he 
learns that through the death of Lord 
Breuster he has become heir to the 
title and estates of the ifine old Eng- 
lish house. He gives up his ideas of 
going to Washington, and, although 
having little liking for some of the 
ways of the English, crosses the 
ocean to claim his own. With his 
hereditary feud with the house of 
Wycherly and his good-natured at- 
tempts to introduce his American 
methods of doing things, Breuster 
finds himself fully occupied. Imagine 
his feelings, then, when he discov- 
ers that his daughter and the son of 
Lord Wycherly are in love, and that 
his son has lost his heart to an 
English girl! Breuster makes it 
"three of a kind" by falling in love 
with an attractive Irish widow, Mrs. 
Westbrooke, and the story ends most 
happily. 

The part of John Breuster is in 
the hands of Mr. Charles B. Hanford, 
and in it he is said to have found one 
of the most sympathetic roles of his 
career. The Irish widow of the piece 
is Miss Marie Drofnah, who has been 
Mr. Hanford's leading woman in 
Shakespearean parts for several years. 
The supporting company has been 



Burbank 

Again utilizing the civil war as a 
background for delightful romance 
and forceful love-making, the Bur- 
bank stock company will next week 
revive Winston Churchill's four act 
play made by Mr. Churchill from his 
own novel, "The Crisis," and similar- 
ly named. The scenes of the play are 
laid in and near St. Louis. For two 
acts the piece gives us plimpses of 
the famous old river city in its ante- 
bellum days. Then comes the fi-st 
sound of conflict and closely follow- 
ing it — the war. 

Few American novels are better 
known than "The Crisis." It's story 
dealing in part with descendants of. 
characters first introduced in Mr. 
Churchill's "Richard Carvel," an ear- 
lier novel of revolutionary days, the 
people of the play seem almost like 
old friends, so thoroughly has the 
author-playwright accomplished their 
introduction to the reading as well 
as to play-going public. 

The story of "The Crisis" is the 
story of rival lovers for the favor of 
Virginia Carvel, a famous St. Louis 
belle. At the outbreak of the war one 
dons the blue, the other the gray. 
Miss Carvel is a Southern girl and 
all her sympathies and loyalty are 
with the South. This, however, does 
not prevent her love from turning, 
like the magnet, northwards. 

The Burbank's production will be 
made under the direction of David 
M. Hartford. Miss Frances Nord- 
strom will play the role of the fair 
Virginia, while A. Byron Beasley will 
be seen as her Northern lover. 



The Orpheum Road Show 

The pride of Martin Beck, the an- 
nual road show is again holding forth 
at the Orpheum during the coming 
week. 

There are five acts in this year's 
show, every one of them a gem. 
The spectacular number is furnished 
by La Titcomb, known abroad as "La 
Belle Americaine." and as "the dancer 
on horseback." Miss Titcomb is a 
California girl, who has developed a 
spectacular act with the aid of a 
sunerb white horse. Clad in close- 
fitting white herself, she seems a part 
of her splendid mount, and together, 
they do several turns, in the glare of 
many colored lights. The beauty of 



:1 and her remarkable steed have 

been generally remarked, and the 

whole act has a class and standing all 

,vn, worthy of its high place in 

the vaudeville world. 

. and a selected com- 
pany will furnish the sketch, "A Bit 
of i ill ented by ■ 

arrangement with Harrison Gray 
The little playlet is a classic 
is. Berringer, ami its pathos no 
Man its bumot makes it a re- 
markable offering, marking a distinct 
advance in vaudeville tastes. Special 
scenery, of course, is used. 

The animal act this year is unique. 
Maud Rochez presents it. bringing it 
from abroad, and it is called "A Night 
in a Monkey Music Hall." In it, a 
whole troupe of monkeys have put, 
but no human being. A miniature 
stage and music hall is occupied by 
simian performers and a mon- 
key orchestra is led by a Darwinian 
enthusiast whose gyrations entitle 
him to the cognoment of "The Simian 
Creatore." The whole effect of the 
stunt is ludricrous, but the high de- 
gree of training shown is all the more 
remarkable because no director is 
ever seen. 

Mae Melville and Robert Higgins 
are the entertainers, and their bit, 
"Just a Little Fun," will be found full 
of the old-time variety spirit of frolic 
and joy. Both are skilled in the art 
of humor, and there is no funnier 
woman on the stage than Miss Mel- 
ville, while Mr. Higgins is her most 
excellent foil. 

Hyman Meyer, "the man at the 
piano," was a hit with the last road 
show and being Mr. Beck's personal 
protege, is of course featured again. 
His pianologue, especially the "Chick- 
en Patti" stunt, is excruciating. 

Holding over to make up the local 
house's full eight acts, are Fay, Two 
Coleys & Fay, in minstrels, the Four 
Readings, in acrobatic hand balancing, 
and the Klein family, German comedy 
cyclists, and a new run of motion 
pictures, insuring such a show as even 
the Orpheum is seldom enabled to 
present. The personal presence of 
(Messrs. Meyerfield and Beck is cer- 
tain to add much to the ginger and 
general goodness of the whole. 



Grand Opera House 

Commencing with the usual matinee 
Sunday, Ferris Hartman and his com- 
pany will present for the second week 
their production of Pixley and Luders 
musical fantasy, "Woodland." It is 
the highest royalty musical show ever 
presented by a musical organization 
in this city, Mr. Hartman paying 
$1,000 alone for the rights to produce 
the piece. 



13 

Mr. Pixley has written a pretty pro- 
duction, with a clean, nonsensical 
book, but amidst the nonsense are 
very EuSl Sible lyrics, 

while Gustave Luders has written 
some light, catchy music to fit the 
words. 



Florence Roberts to Be Seen at the 
Auditorium 

Florence Roberts comes to Los An- 
geles soon, starring in her new play, 
"The Transformation.'' 



W. H. Crane Coming 

\\ '. II Crane is to appear in this 
city in the near future, in his newest 
"Father and the Boys," by 
George Adc. He will play at the Ma- 
son Opera House. 



WORK OF THE HOUSING 
COMMISSION 

The work of the Los Angeles Hous- 
ing Commission is daily increasing 
with the incoming laborers and home- 
seekers of the poorer classes. 

The work of this commission is 
most vital, because it reaches the in- 
terior of the homes, where the found- 
ation of civilization begins and many 
of the future citizens are born and 
raised. The invaluable service of this 
commission is being demonstrated in 
the watchful inspection and super- 
vision of the house-court quarters. 
Thus it is that adequate housing is 
promoted and the gunny-sack and tin- 
can shacks are abolished, old courts 
being remodeled and new ones con- 
structed in conformity to the house 
court ordinance. 

In the short life of the Housing 
Commission it has accomplished un- 
precedented results, having met with 
co-operation of landlords to a re- 
markable degree. 



A Bear Story 

"Have you ever heard the story of 
'Algy and the Bear?'" asked a boy 
of his father. "It's very short. 
"Algv met a bear. 
The bear was bulgy, 
The bulge was Algy." 

— London Daily News. 



"Did you have any assistance when 
you made yor appearance as a sing- 
er?" "Yes," answered the amateur so- 
loist. "There was a policeman keep- 
ing order in the gallery." — Washing- 
ton Star. 



"Helen," said her mother, "if you 
are naughty you can't go to heaven." 
"Well," said Helen, "I can't expect 
to go everywhere. I went to 'Uncle 
Tom's Cabin' once, and to the circus 
twice." — The Housekeeper. 




Matinee Every Day 

Both Phones— 1447 

Nights— 10c, 25c, 50c, 75c. 
Matinees Daily— 10c, 25c, 50c. 
Beginning Monday Matinee, Jan. 17 
THE ORPHEUM ROAD SHOW Direction Martin Beck 

La Titcomb The Singer on Horseback 
Night in a Monkey Music Hall 

Presented by Maud Rochez 
Melville & Higgins "Just a Little Fun" 
Hyman Meyer The Man at the Piano 
rp j Ida O'Day & Co. "A Bit of Old Chelsea" 

lOU(iy Klein Family German Comedy Cyclists 

Fay, 2 Coleys & Fay Uncle Tom to Vaudeville 
Four Readings 



ORPHEUM MOTION PICTURES 




Home A7336 



Sunset Main 2290 



0h? ftt. KegtB 

ijnitBrkrrnmg Apartments 

FIVE MINUTES WALK to Third 
and Broadway. Modern Apartments 
and Single Rooms at moderate prices. 
Private Telephone in each Apartment 
or Single Room. 237 S. Flower St. 



14 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



LOS ANGELES CITY WORK AND LEGISLATION 

An indexed review of all action by Council, Board of Public Works, Commissions and Officials, relating to property 
improvement or of general interest. Record closes Wednesday night. 



Public Worh by Streets 

Ave. 19, from Pasadena to Darwin; 
protest from R. B. Mayes, et al, 
against change of grade. Protest sus- 
tained and proceedings ordered aban- 
doned. 

6th St.; pet. from Olin Wellborn, 
Jr., et al, for the improvement of 
6th ISt. between the produced westerly 
line of 'Gamulos St. and a line three 
feet east of the westerly curb line of 
Euclid Ave., under private contract. 
Granted and referred to the City En- 
gineer for ordinance. 

6th St. completed; the work of im- 
proving 6th St. from Beaudry to Ver- 
mont, and also portions of iWitmar 
and Alvarado Sts. and Common- 
wealth Ave., was accepted Dec. 23rd, 
and assessment recorded Jan. 7th. To- 
tal cost of work was $81,051.94. 

9th St., from Santa Fe Ave to Los 
Angeles River; draft of ord. of inten- 
tion to improve, and determining that 
bonds shall ibe issued to represent 
cost. Adopted. 

16th St.; pet. from JW. 16th St. Im- 
provement Assn., asking that sufficient 
money be loaned to the Board of 
Public Works in order that 16th St., 
between Figueroa St. and Pacific St., 
may be widened. Referred to the Fi- 
nance Committee. 

35th St.; pet. from C. J. Lipe, et 
al, for the improvement of 35th .St., 
between Wesley Ave. and Figueroa 
St., under the Bond Act. Granted 'and 
referred to the City Engineer for or- 
dinance. 

52nd St.; pet. from the McCarthy 
Company, for the improvement of 
52nd St., between the west line of 
Normandie Ave. and the east line of 
Denker Ave., under private contract. 
Granted and referred to the City En- 
gineer for ordinance. 

Alley, south of Marengo and east 
of Cornwall; ord. abandoning portion 
of said alley. Ref. to Sts. and Blvds. 
Com. 

Alley, south of Griffin and west of 
Cosmo; ord. abandoning portion of 
said alley. Ref. to Sts. and Blvds. 
Com. 

Alley, 1st alley north of Court from 
Douglas to 1st alley east; ord. estab- 
lishing grade. Adopted. 

Alley, 1st alley east of Douglas 
from Edgeware Place to 1st alley 
south; ord. estab. grade. Adopted. 

Alley; pet. from Dellam M. Corwin 
protesting against the abandonment 
of that certain alley east of Breed 
St. from Marengo St. north, as con- 
templated under Ordinance of Inten- 
tion No. 19,174 N. S. Set for hear- 
ing January 25, 1910, at the hour of 
11 a. m., and in the meantime re- 
ferred to the City Engineer for re- 
port as to frontage. 

Alley, portion of alley north of Ma- 
rengo and east of 'Cornwall; ord. 
abandoning a portion of said alley. 
Ref. to Sts. and Blvds. Com. 

Alley, portion of alley north of 
blocks 6 and 7 'Brooklyn tract; ord. 
abandoning portion of said alley. Ref. 
to Sts. and Blvds. Com. 

Alameda St.; City Engineer in- 
structed to prepare ord. of intention 
for construction of a storm drain. 

Arlington St., from north line of 
36th St. to 438.6 ft. north; ord. aban- 
doning said portion. iRef. to Sts. and 
Blvds. Com. 

Alvarado St., from Marcon Ave. to 
Berkeley St.; protests from Chas. 
Haenne, et al. and O. A. Corbin. et 
al, against change of grade. Pro- 
tests sustained and proceedings or- 
dered abandoned. 

Allesandro St., from Fargo St. to 
north city limits; draft of ord. of in- 



tention to abandon said portion. Ref. 
to Sts. and Blvds. Com. 

Boulder St., bet. Mott and Forest; 
pet. from C. J. Shimmeyer, et al, for 
improvement. Granted. 

Broadway, from 6th St. to a point 
121.90 ft. south; pet. from Walter P. 
Story, et al, to change and establish 
grade. Granted. 

Brighton Ave.; pet. from the Mc- 
Carthy Company, for the improve- 
ment of 'Brighton Ave. between the 
south line of 50th St. and the north 
line of 51st St., under private con- 
tract. Granted and referred to the 
City Engineer for ordinance. 

Britannia St.; ord. abandoning por- 
tions of said street. Ref. to Sts. and 
Blvds. Com. 

Breed St.; ord. abandoning portion 
of said street. Ref. to Sts. and Blvds. 
Com. 

Bonnie Brae St., 10th to 11th; ord. 
estab. grade. Adopted. 

'Chicago St.; ord. abandoning por- 
tion of said street. Ref. to Sts. and 
Blvds. Com. 

Cosmo St.; ord. abandoning por- 
tion of said street. Ref. to Sts. and 
Blvds. Com. 

Cornwall St.; ord. abandoning por- 
tion of said street. Ref. to Sts. and 
Blvds. Com. 

Concord St., bet. Eagle and 6th 
Sts.; protest from Geo. T. Smith, et 
al, against change of grade. Denied. 
Dalton Ave.; pet. from the Mc- 
Carthy Company, for the improve- 
ment of Dalton Ave., between the 
south line of 50th St. and the north 
line of 51st St., under private con- 
tract. Granted and referred to the 
City Engineer for ordinance. 

Fairman St. and Crittenden St.; 
south of Berkeley Ave.; pet. from Jas. 
S. Severance, et al, for vacation of 
said portions. Ref. to. Sts. and Blvds. 
Com. 

Gillett St.; ord. abandoning portion 
of said street. Ref. to Sts. and Blvds. 
Com. 

Halldale Ave.; pet. from the Mc- 
Carthy Company, for the improve- 
ment of Halldale Ave., between the 
south line of the first alley north of 
51 st St. to a point 129.08 feet south 
of the south line of 52nd St., under 
private contract. Granted and re- 
ferred to the City Engineer for or- 
dinance. 

Holmes Ave., from 51st to 55th 
Sts.; ord. estab. grade. Adopted. 

Irolo St.; pet. from Clara M. Mars- 
ton, et al, for the improvement of 
Irolo St., between 10th St. and 11th 
St., under the Bond Act. Granted 
and referred to the City Engineer for 
ordinance. 

Johnson St.; pet. from E. K. Nick- 
erson, protesting against the change 
and establishment of the grade of 
Johnson from Altura St. to Manitou 
Ave. Set for hearing January 25, 
1910, at the hour of 11 a. m. and in 
the meantime referred 1 to the City 
Engineer for report as to frontage. 

Kingston St.; ord. abandoning por- 
tions of said street. Ref. to Sts. and 
Blvds. Com. 

Marmion Way; storm sewer con- 
templated, to be constructed of all 
concrete. 

Main St., bet. 5th and 6th; City 
Eng. recommended that a by-pass 
sewer be built at 5th St., and that 
westerly sewer bet. 5th and 6th Sts. 
be abandoned. Adopted. 

New High St.; pet. from J. Arrigo, 
et al, for the improvement of New 
High St. between Temple St. and 
Sunset Blvd. under the Bond Act. 

Pet. from Frank J. Rimpau, for the 
improvement of New High St., be- 



tween Temple St. and Sunset Blvd. 
Granted. 

Olive St, Pico to 14th; ord. to 
change grade. Adopted. 

Plymouth St.; ord. abandoning por- 
tion of said street. Ref. to Sts. and 
Blvds. Com. 

St. Louis St.; ord. abandoning a 
portion of said street. Ref. to Sts. 
and Blvds. Com. 

Safford St.; ord. abandoning a por- 
tion of said street. Ref. to Sts. and 
Blvds. Com. 

Siskiyou St., Lorena to Esperanza;. 
ord. estab. grade. Adopted. 

Santa Fe Ave., from Vernon Ave. 
in city of Vernon to Edwin St. in 
city of Los Angeles; draft of ord. of 
intention to construct sewer. Adopted. 
San Fernando Road, from Ave. 20 
to north city boundary; draft of ord. 
of intention to widen street to 80 
feet, between -said streets. Ref. to 
Sts. and Blvds. Com. 

Sunset Blvd.; pet. from A. J. Er- 
linger, et al, for withdrawal of names 
from the petition for the paving of 
Sunset Boulevard fiom Marion Ave. 
to Main St. Referred to the Board 
of Public Works. 

Union Ave. School; pet. from the 
International Savings & Exchange 
Bank, asking that appropriation be 
made to cover three sewer assess- 
ments against Union Ave. school 
property. Ref. to the Finance Com. 

Vermont and 39th; pet. from Ben- 
jamin F. Field, et al, asking that the 
culvert at the corner of Vermont Ave. 
and 39th St., be cleaned out and en- 
larged. Referred to the Board of 
Public Works. 

Wawel St.; ord. abandoning a por- 
tion of said street. Ref. to Sts. and 
Blvds. Com. 

Westmoreland Place; ord. to sewer 
under private contract in Lots 49, 
148-149 and private driveways of 
Clark and Bryan's Westmoreland 
Place. Adopted. 

Woodward Ave.; pet. from S. M. 
Kiser, et al, for the improvement of 
Woodward Ave., between Champlain 
St. and Melrose Ave., under the Bond 
Act. Granted and referred to the City 
Engineer for ordinance. 

Yosemite St.; ord. abandoning por- 
tion of said street. Ref. to Sts. and 
Blvds. Com. 



General Legislation 

Addition to University Engine 
House; report that the amount here- 
tofore allowed for a lean-to to the 
University Fire Engine House is not 
sufficient and asking for an addition- 
al appropriation. Bldg. com. recom- 
mend an additional appropriation of 
$700. Adopted. 

Abandoning Alley; an ordinance 
abandoning portions of an alley in 
Blk. 42, San Pedro. Ref. to Sts. and 
Blvds. comm. 

Aqueduct Supplies; report of Bd. 



Pub. Wks. presenting resolution 
authorizing the purchase of two thou- 
sand lineal feet of 62 pound rails with 
splices, etc., for an extension of the 
Red Rock Ry. at a cost not to exceed 
$1100. (Red Rock Ry. property of 
city). Bd. Pub. Wks. authorized to 
enter into contract with Southern Pa- 
cific Co. for purchase of said supplies. 

Bond Election Ordinance Vetoed; 
Mayor returned without approval ord. 
passed by Council Nov. 16th, calling 
special election for 16th Feb. to sub- 
mit to voters of Los Angeles the 
proposition of incurring a bonded debt 
in sum of $3,000,000 for harbor im- 
provements and $3,500,000 for acquir- 
ing and constructing a power plant 
for developing power to be derived 
from Owens River Aqueduct. Since 
passage of said ord. proceedings have 
begun for consolidation of Los Ange- 
les and Hollywood, for which an elec- 
tion will be held Jan. 24th, and Mayor 
thinks that should the election result 
favorably to consolidation the voters 
of Hollywood should have an oppor- 
tunity of voting on said bond elec- 
tion. Motion that bond election be 
postponed until after the Hollywood 
consolidation election. Adopted. 

Billboard Nuisance; Comm. from 
Sunset Hills Imp. Ass'n. endorsing 
the movement to abolish the bill- 
boards. Referred to the Legislation 
Comm. 

Building Permit Asked; recommen- 
ding that petition of Frank Delaney, 
which petition asked for the privilege 
of constructing a frame building on 
Lot 14, E. 10th St., be denied as lot 
is partly in and partly out of fire 
limits. Denied. 

Bridge for Sycamore Grove Park; 
Comm. presenting resolution author- 
izing the Board to advertise for bids 
and to award the necessary contract 
for the construction of a bridge in 
Sycamore Grove Park. Ref. to Bridge 
Comm. 

City Labor Bureau; Finance Comm. 
presented draft of ord. repealing pre- 
vious ord. which provided for the cre- 
ation of a City Labor Bureau and 
recommended its adoption. Ref. back 
to Fin. Comm. for further considera- 
tion. 

Complaint Against Car Service; 
Com. from Jno. H. Goss, et al., com- 
plaining of the car service to High- 
land Park. Ref. to the Board of Pub. 
Utilities. 

City's Automobiles; Presenting ord. 
requiring all automobiles owned by 
the city to be marked, so as to desig- 
nate to which department said auto- 
mobile belongs and prohibiting the 
use of same for other than municipal 
business. Ref. to Supply Committee. 

Claim for Damages; demand of J. 
M. Curry against city in sum of $1500 
for damages to property at 36th and 
Vermont caused by storm water. Ref. 
to Bd. Pub. Wks. and City Atty. 

Collection of Dead Animals; Com. 



BANK CLEARINGS 



Los Angeles bank clearings from Jan. 13th to 19th, inclusive, show- 
ing comparisons with corresponding weeks of 1909 and 1908: 

1910. 1909. 1908. 

January 13 .'..$2,419,187.91 $1,953,327.01 $1,636,900.14 

January 14 2,385,622.79 1,794,081.94 1,567,124.94 

January 15 2.347,478.32 2,163,698.33 1,454,405.12 

January 17 2,639,353.88 2,246,766.00 1,697,616.26 

January 18 2 447,438.92 1,892,536.62 1,488,158.74 

January 19 2.658,494.71 2,531,422.29 1,514,559.86 

Total '.^$14,897,576.53 $12,581,832.19 $9,358,765.06 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



IS 



ntion tli.it a contract had 
dead 
the territory north 

3 that 

terri- 
Ref. 

Camulus Street Tract; I 

ap of 

north 
Cam- 
I alley dedicated 
•ng a continuation of 
:l and alley. Returned 
more definite report 
ir not streets and al- 
cent subdivisions coincide 
- and alleys in 
10 be recorded. 
City Pound; Humane Animal Com. 
hat a piece of land be- 
lying east of and 
:ke right-of-way 
and fronting on south side of Ilol- 
side by city for 
city pound Rcf. to Land 

Deed for Culvert; City Eng. pre- 
acceptance from Emeline 
a perpetual easement and 
right of way for a vitrified pipe cul- 
vert under and along portions of Lots 
4 and 5. Block 3, Elysian Heights. Ac- 
East Hollywood Annexation Elec- 
tion; Ord. calling a special election 
on Fri 18th. Adopted, 

Fire Commissioners; Mayor ap- 
pointed as members of said commis- 
rd Molony, Ben C. Robin- 
R 1; Williamson, Charles O. 
appointments con- 
firmed by Council. 

Hazard Reservoir; pet. from W. E. 
et al. asking that Hazard 
Reservoir be removed and the land 
added to Hazard Park. Ref. to Bd. 
Water Com. for recommendation and 
report. 

Industrial Districts; Legislation 
Com. recommended that pet. from E. 
F.. Thomas asking that the territory 
bounded by Jefferson St., Grand Ave., 
Lot 3 of Thomas Tract and Hope St. 
be created an industrial dist. Adopted. 
Also that pet. from Talbott Concrete 
Building Co. asking that the district 
in immediate vicinity of Ave. 36 and 
Pasadena Ave. be created an industrial 
district. Adopted. Also, that pet. 
from A. Ebsen, et al, asking that Lots 
121-122, Brook's subdivision of the 
Philbin Tract be created an industrial 
district be ref. to Bd. Pub. Wks. 
Adopted. Also that the matter of the 
extension of Industrial District No. 
5. west from Main St. along Santa 
Monica Ave., be also referred to the 
Bd. Pub. Wks. for recommendation. 
Adopted. Also that petitions asking 
for the creating of, or enlarging of 
present industrial district, or for crea- 
tion of (business dist. or asking ex- 
emption from res. dist., be ref. to 
P.d. Pub. Wks for recommendation 
before final action by 'Council. 
Adopted. 

Inventories of Automobiles, etc. 
Required; Motion that each head of 
a dept. which has been furnished with 
an automobile, motorcycle or other 
vehicle be required to make an in- 
ventory of such property showing 
make, name, price, how long in use, 
expense of maintenance, etc., and to 
file such inventory with City Clerk. 
Adopted. 

Industrial District; Pet. from Mont- 
gomery Lumber Co., et al, asking that 
certain territory at Piedmont Ave. 
and Ave. 58, Ibe excepted from the res. 
dist. Ref. to Bd. Pub. Wks. 

Kroner Tract; City Eng. presented 
for adoption, map of said tract, being 
a new subdivision lying north of Ste- 
phenson Ave. and east of Camulus St. 
Returned with instruction to report 
whether or not streets and alleys in 
adjacent subdivisions coincide with 
lines of streets and alleys in subdivi- 
Land for Park Purposes; report of 
City Ens on pet. from J. V. Johnson, 
et al. and Irving W. Fox, et al, ask- 
ing City Council to acquire for pub- 



lic park or playground purposes, land 
immediate:. South Park, bc- 

Park 
1 that 

petit: 

hen by order of 

_5 per 

cent Ref, to Sts. &Blvds, Com. 

Lease of Rooms in Temple Block; 

-t from Morr i, for 

tore rooms No-. 222-224-226 

known as the Temple 

erra of two years at 

$350 per month. Ref. to Build. Com. 

Legislation Committee; Councilman 

Betkowski appointed instead of 

Councilman Williams. 

License Collections; Com. report- 
on the report of the City Tax and 
i . in which report re- 
quest is made that the Council in- 
struct the attorney to commence such 
actions as may be necessary to re- 
money due the city for unpaid 
City Atty. instructed to 
bring suit for amounts due city for li- 
not paid as recommended by 
City Tax and License Collector. 

Moving Picture Ord.; Tet. of Wm. 
11. Hubbell pertaining and asking an 
amendment to the moving picture ord. 
ref. to Bd. Pub. Wks, they recom- 
mending that said petition be denied. 
Denied. (Amendment providing that 
picture shows be permitted to operate 
in frame bldgs. outside fire limits.) 

New Thoroughfare Wanted; pet. 
from Outer Harbor Dock & Wharf 
Co. for permission to cut through 
First St. (San Pedro) and lower same 
from Santa Cruz St. to Ancon St.; 
also to lower Newport St. Ref. to 
Bd. Pub. Wks. 

Protest Against Assessment; pet. 
from A. James Copp, appealing from 
the acts and determinations of the 
Pd. Pub. Wks. in issuing assessment 
for the improvement of Orange St. 
from Figueroa St. to Alvarado St. 
Set for hearing Jan. 25 at 11 a. m. 

Repairing City Hall, San Pedro; 
alterations and repairs to amount of 
$1000 recommended by Bldg. Com. 
Adopted and Bd. Pub. Wks. author- 
ized to advertise for bids. 

Request for Assessment Release; 
pet. from G. W. Wickliffe, asking that 
Lots 27, 29 and 31 in Block 2 of the 
Highland tract be released for sewer. 
Ref. to City Atty. for report. 

Railway Franchise; pet. from So. 
Park Ave. Imp. Assn. et al, asking 
that a franchise 'be offered for sale 
for an electric street railway along 
'San Pedro St., from 30th St. to Jef- 
ferson St., thence on South Park Ave. 
to the city limits. Ref. to Bd. Pub. 
Utilities for recommendation and re- 
port. 

Railway Gates and Bells; Bd. Pub. 
Utilities recommend that an ord. be 
enacted for the installation and op- 
eration of both an automatic electric 
warning bell and the usual type of 
double gates at each and all of the 
three crossing of Aliso St. by the 
tracks of the Santa Fe and Salt Lake 
railroads, on both sides of the Los 
Angeles River. Ref. to Sts. and Blvds. 
Com. 

Regulating Sale of Fruits; Comm. 
from the Southern Cal. Retail Gro- 
cers' Assn., endorsing ord. regulating 
the sale of fruits, etc. Ref. to Legis- 
lation Com. 

Stagnant Storm Water; pet. from 
residents in vicinity of Normandie, 
Jasmine, Dorchester and Cambridge 
Sts; also from residents in vicinity of 
Jasmine, Harvard Blvd., Dorchester 
and Pico Sts., complaining of storm 
water collecting in hollows and be- 
coming stagnant; reported on by As- 
sistant Health Officer and ref. by 
Council to Bd. Pub. Wks. 

Pet. from C. H. Daniels, et al, com- 
plaining of stagnant water on Mala- 
bar and Winter Sts. Ref. to Bd. Pub. 
Wks. 

Salaries of City Employes; Supply 
Com. recommended that Council re- 
quest following organizations to ap- 
point committees to confer with Sup- 
ply Com. on question of salaries as 
per the Mayor's message: Merchants 



and Manufactun Municipal 

tmbet of i Cen- 

tral Labor Council, Clearing House 
A--n Adopted. Motion that said or- 
ganizations be requested to name a 
committee of three to confer with 
I) Com. \dopted. 

Street Light Wanted; pet, from 
Lucy K Fowble, et al. for a street 
light at the inte: 

Ave and 39th Place. Ref. to Bd. Pub. 
Wks. 

Tracts 184 and 684; subdivisions 
iied by Citj l ing, lor accept- 
ance and returned with request for 
more definite •information as to 
w hi I her 01 not street- ami alloys, in 
adjacent subdivisions coincide with 

lines of streets and alleys in -subdivi- 
sion to be recorded. 

Tax Rebate; pet. from St. Vincent's 
Church for rebate of taxes in the 
amount of $25473 as same is on 
church property. Ref. to Finance 
Com. 

Vermont Ave. Villa Tract; pet. 
from the Gold Standard Investment 
Co. for the vacation and abandonment 
of certain alleys in the Vermont Ave. 
Villa tract, as more particularly de- 
scribed in said petition. Ref. to Bd. 
Pub. Works with instructions to con- 
fer with the property owners in the 
immediate vicinity of said vacation 
and ascertain whether or not said va- 
cation meets with their approval and 
report back to the Council their find- 
ings. 



Bids Received 

For Furnishing Insulated or Tar 
Paper, under Specifications No. 209. 

For Furnishing Lumber, for the 
Los Angeles Aqueduct, under Speci- 
fications No. 119. 

For Furnishing Screw Conveyors, 
under Specifications No, 208-B. 



Building' Permits 

Building Permits 

From Jan. 3rd to Jan. 14th, 1910, 
inclusive, J. J. Backus, the Chief In- 
spector of (Buildings issued 336 per- 
mits, amounting to $556,966, which are 
classed as follows: 

'No. of Valua- 
Permits. tion. 

iClass C 12 $118,345 

Class ID, 1 story 115 170,550 

Class D, V/ 2 story 21 46,150 

Class D, 2 story 33 170,213 

Class D, 3 story 1 1,500 

Sheds 25 2,718 

Foundations 3 4,230 

Brick alterations 29 11,722 

Frame alterations 87 29,748 

Demolitions 10 1,790 

Grand total 336 $556,966 

Comparison with last year: 
From Jan. 2 to Jan. 14, 

1909, inclusive 223 $317,352 

Following is a report by wards, 
from Jan. 3 to Jan. 14, 1910, inclusive: 
No. of Valua- 
Permits. tion. 

Ward One 24 $ 31,905 

Ward Two 36 77,941 

Ward Three 48 80,160 

Ward Four 27 52,694 

Ward Five 92 161,871 

Ward Six 52 37,647 

Ward iSeven 25 8S.440 

Ward Eight 10 9.445 

Ward Nine 22 16,863 

Total 336 $556,966 

Compiled by Mark 'C. Cohn, Chief 
Clerk. 



Unremitting Kindness — Said a 
lady to Sir Arthur W. Pinero: "I un- 
derstand a certain comedian was the 
kindest of fellows — a man who wrote 
to his wife every mail." 

"Yes," said a well-known actress, 
"he writes a lot of flummery about 
agony of absence, but he has never 
remitted a cent. Do you call that 
kindness?" 

"Decidedly 1'' said Pinero. "Unre- 
mitting kindness."— The Circle. 



THE MURDERS IN THE RUE 
MORGUE 

lli 
unfrequentl] rig, but, foi He 

most part, are brought about by 
simple diligence and activity. When 
these qualities are unavailing, their 
schemes fail. Vidocq, for example, 
was a good guesser and a persevering 
man. But, without educated thought, 
he erred continually by the very in- 
tensity of his investigations. He im- 
paired his vision by holding the ob- 
ject too close. He might see, per- 
haps, one or two points with unusual 
clearness, but in so doing he neces- 
sarily lost sight of the matter as a 
whole. Thus there is such a thing 
as being too profound. Truth is not 
always in a well. In fact, as regards 
the more important knowledge, I do 
believe that she is invariably super- 
ficial. The depth lies in the valleys 
where we seek her, and not upon the 
mountain-tops where she is found. 
The modes and sources of this kind of 
error are well typified in the contemp- 
lation of the heavenly bodies. To 
look at a star by glances, to view it in 
a sidelong way, by turning toward it 
the exterior portions of the retina 
(more susceptible of feeble impres- 
sions of light than the interior), is 
to behold the star distinctly, is to 
have the best appreciation of its 
lustre, — a lustre which grows dim just 
in proportion as we turn our vision 
fully upon it. A greater number of 
rays actuaTly fall upon the eye in the 
latter case, but in the former there 
is the more refined capacity for com- 
prehension. By undue profundity we 
perplex and enfeeble thought; and it 
is possible to make even Venus her- 
self vanish from the firmament by a 
scrutiny too sustained, too concen- 
trated, or too direct. 

"As for these murders, let us enter 
into some examinations for ourselves, 
before we make up an opinion re- 
specting them. An inquiry will af- 
ford us amusement" (1 thought this 
an odd term, so applied, but said 
nothing), "and, besides, Le Bon once 
rendered me a service for which 1 am 
not ungrateful. We will go and see 
the premises with our own eyes. I 

know G , the Prefect of Police, 

and shall have no difficulty in obtain- 
ing the necessary permission." 

The permission was obtained, and 
we proceeded at once to the Rue 
Morgue. This is one of those miser- 
able thoroughfares which intervene 
between the Rue Richelieu and the 
Rue St. Roch. It was late in the af- 
ternoon when we reached it, as this 
quarter is at a great distance from 
that in which we resided. The house 
was readily found; for there were 
still many persons gazing up at the 
closed shutters, with an objectless 
curiosity, from the opposite side of 
the way. It was an ordinary Parisian 
house, with a gateway, on one side 
of which was a glazed watch-box, 
with a sliding panel in the window, 
indicating a loge de concierge. Be- 
fore going in, we walked up the street, 
turned down an alley, and then, again 
turning, passed in the rear of the 
building, — Dupin, meanwhile, examin- 
ing the whole neighborhood, as well 
as the house, with a minuteness of 
attention for which I could see no 
possible object. 

(To be continued I 

"I'd hate to be a millionaire." 
"Gosh! Why?" "Well, millionaires 
are always getting letters threatening 
them with all sorts of horrible fates 
unless they immediately pay the 
writers large sums of money." 
"That's nothing. I get just such let- 
ter- on the first of every month."— 
Cleveland Leader. 



"Why can't that prima donna sing 
more than twice a week?" "I don't 
know," answered the impressario, "un- 
less it's because she tires out her 
,.,,, il cordi arguing with me about 
salary."— Washington Star. 



La Follette's and 

Pacific Outlook 



Pacific Outlook has made arrangements with the publishers of La Fol- 
lette's Weekly Magazine to combine subscriptions with this paper. 
Readers of Pacific Outlook know our paper and its policy. 

It stands unqualifiedly, and without fear, for that which it believes to 
be true, clean, honest and right in human affairs — political, secular, com- 
mercial and industrial; and in its columns will always maintain an un- 
prejudiced and impartial attitude in its discussion of all subjects of uni- 
versal or local interest. 

La Follette's Weekly stands for an 'honest government, administered 
by true representatives who really represent the people — not special 
interests. \r 

SUPPOSE you were the owner of valuable property and chose and 
paid servants for stated periods to guard and administer this property 
for you. AND SUPPOSE one of your servants should write you a .per- 
sonal letter each week telling you the plain truth about your property 
and about some of your servants and how they were squandering and 
giving away your property which you paid them to guard and conserve 
for you. Wouldn't you be willing to pay the postage — 2 cents per 
week — on those letters? 

THIS LETTER IS CALLED 
LA FOLLETTE'S WEEKLY NEWS-MAGAZINE 

It is written under the direction of Sen. Robert M. La Follette, from 
behind the scenes at headquarters each week, and it is a personal letter 
intended for you because you are one of the owners of the United States 
the property of which is being confiscated and given away to moneyed 
interests by some of yeur public servants. 

THE REGULAR PRICE OF THESE TWO PAPERS IS $1.00 PER 
YEAR, EACH. YOU CAN SECURE THEM TOGETHER FOR 

$1.50 A YEAR 

SEND SUBSCRIPTIONS TO 

PACIFIC OUTLOOK CO. 



837 South Spring Street, 



Los Angeles, Cal. 



S"} Index to {B us > ness Houses, Professions, Etc. (r- 



ART GLASS AND GLAZING 

CRESCENT ART GLASS CO., 
818 S. Main. F5373; Broadway 25fci 

APARTMENTS 

THE ST. REGIS, Housekeeping 

237 S. Flower. A7336; Main 2290 

DENTISTS 
DR. WM. D. FLORY, F2844 

455 S. Broadway Rooms 3-4 

DRY GOODS 

VILLE DE PARIS, 10893; Main 893 
317-325 S. Broadway, 314-322 S. Hill 

EXCURSIONS 
BALLOON ROUTE, L. A. Pac. Co. 
Station, Hill St., bet. 4th and 5th. 
10355: Broadway 4000. 

FURNITURE 

BARKER BROS., 413. S. Main St., 
420 S. Spring St. 10265; Main 8900 

HAIR SPECIALISTS 
PROF. GEO. A. GARLOW, Room 
426 Citizens' Nat. Bank Bldg., Third 
and Main. 

INVESTMENTS & INSURANCE 
G. G. JOHNSON, 603 H. W. Hellman 
Bldg., Fourth and Spring, A9232; 
Main 1819. 

LAUNDRIES 
ELECTRIC LAUNDRY CO., 
806-14 £. 16th St, B4231;So. 580 



MEN'S FURNISHINGS 
HARRIS & FRANK, 
437 13 S. Spring. 10891; Main 9477 

W. HUNTER & CO., 
525 So. Spring. Main 4127 

OFFICES TO RENT 

LISSNER BLDG., 524 S. Spring 

Single rooms as low as $12.50. 

PIANOS AND ORGANS 

GEO J. BIRKEL & CO., Steinwav, 
Kranich and Bach, Cecilian and Vic- 
tor Dealers. 345-47 S. Spring. 

BARTLETT MUSIC CO., 
Autopiano Agents, 231 S. Broadway 

SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA MUSIC 
CO., Chickering & Pianola Agents, 
332-4 S. Broadway. 

REAL ESTATE 

MINES & FARISH, 353 S. Hill St. 
High Class Investments. 

SPORTING GOODS 

WM. H. HOEGEE CO., Inc. 

138-42 S. Main. 10087; Main 8447 

STUDIOS TO RENT 
BLANCHARD HALL. Devoted ex- 
clusively to Music, Art, Scisnce. 233 
S. Broadway; 232 S. Hill. 

STORAGE Af.D MOVING 
BEKINS, 1335 S. Figueroa 

22562 Broadway 3773 

TILES 
PACIFIC TILE & MANTEL CO., 
716-18 S. Spring. ?5 Ml ; Main 2127 




Los Angeles Pacific Company 

Electric Railway 

The Shortest and Quickest Line between 

^ Los Angeles and the Ocean 

TO SANTA MONICA, OCEAN PARK, VENICE, REDONDO 
BEACH, SOLDIERS' HOME, SAWTELLE, SHERMAN, HOLLY- 
WOOD AND COLEGROVE. 

Balloon Route Excursions 

One Whole Day for One Dollar 

101 Miles for 100 Cents 

Showing some of California's finest scenery including 36 miles right 

along the ocean. 

A reserved seat for every patron and an Experienced Guide with each 

car. 

The Only Electric Line Excursion Out of Los Jfngeles 
Going One Way and Returning another 

FREE ATTRACTIONS: AN OCEAN VOYAGE on Wheels— The 
Excursion cars running a full mile into the ocean on LONG WHARF, 
Port Los Angeles; Free admission to the $20,000 AQUARIUM at Ven- 
ice and a free ride on the ROLLER COASTER at Ocean Park. 

Cars leave Hill Street Station, between Fourth and Fifth, LOS AN- 
GELES, at 9:40 A. M. DAILY. 




Nothing Like It Anywhere 



- - . The Great Scenic Railway Trolley Trip. Most won- 

JYH LtOWe derful °f them all in diversity and beauty of its 

* scenery and scope and variety of its views. Two 

* ==== ' ' hours from Los Angeles to the crest of the Sierras. 

Other Points of Interest to Tourists: 

Pasadena, San Gabriel Mission, Founded in 1771; Monrovia 
Sierra Madre and Glendale 

Beautiful Seashore Rides embrace Long Beach, San Pedro, Point Fir- 
min, Huntington Beach, Newport and Balboa and Catalina Island. All 
made possible by fast and frequent service with the Big Red Cars from 
Sixth and Main Sts. Terminal, Los Angeles, Cal. 



The Misses Page School for Girls 

243 WEST ADAMS STREET 
Home Phone 21202 
Sunset South 3539 

Amid ideal surroundings and directed by competent teachers the 
girls of this School make rapid progress. In addition to the regular 
school studies they are taught vocal and instrumental music, drawing 
and painting, and physical culture. Ample facilities are afforded for 
recreation and the girls' home training and moral welfare is attended 
to in a manner to bring out the sweet and beautiful in character, so 
essential to true womanhood. 

A School for Boys 

Under the same management, located at 137 West Adams Street. 
Telephone Home 21203. The boys receive military instruction, Cap- 
tain Robert T. Gibbs being commandant. 

This is a splendid home for boys and also a well regulated school- 
home where the character training of the boy is given the importance 
it deserves. The proverb "Train up the child in the way he should 
go; and when he is old he will not depart from it," is exemplified at 
this school. Boys here are taught manliness, obedience, punctuality, 
industry and learning in a way fitting them suitably as foundation 
stones for life's progress. Boys of any age after 5 years admitted. 
Each boy is held to be an individual. Not being held back by class 
restrictions his progress is rapid and certain. 

Call, Telephone or Write for Catalogue. p op ii, admitted «t «oj time. 



PACIFIC OU 




Vol. VIII. Mo. 5, 



Los Angeles, California, January 29, 1910 



5 Cents— fl.OO a Year 



PASSING OF SHERMAN 

The peremptory removal of General 

:rman from the Water Board ami 

. ift projection out into space will help 

to demonstrate to the people of this city 

that the present administrate n h is plenty 

id red blood in its veins, that it means 

business, and that it is not likely to be de- 

1 from its course - by the bluffing and 

ravings and threats of the machine and 

the special interests. 

Responsibility for the city government 
for the next two years rests chiefly with the 
ir and city council, and as they are of 
the same political faith — if non-partisanship 
and good government can be so described 
— they are in a position to make full use of 
the powers granted them by the charter to 
bring the entire administration in line with 
its head. That is what the pople expect and 
what they arc entitled to receive; and the 
more the opponents of good government 
bellow and protest, as the work goes for- 
ward, the better the evidence that the job 
is being well and thoroughly done. 

The Water Board is ■ in the same class 
of importance in the administration with 
Public Works and Police. This board, as 
it stood at the beginning of the administra- 
tion, was in its entirety an inheritance from 
the political days of Harper and McAleer. 
The sensitive condition of the public mind 
with reference to the city's water interests 
showed in the appointments, which were all 
of high standard for efficiency and business 
and social standing. Against General Sher- 
man, however, in spite of certain admitted 
qualifications, there were two very serious 
objections — from the good government 
point of view. First, that he is at the head 
of one of the very largest utility corpora- 
tions in the city, and one that must of ne- 
cessity constantly do business with the city 
government. And second, that he is one of 
the largest factors in the political-copora- 
tion machine that holds the state in its 
grip, and that formerly owned the city. 

While these were more than ample for 
moral disqualification, they had no standing 
as legal causes for removal. There is a 
charter provision, however, that anyone 
holding an office under the city government, 
who is party, directly or indirectly, to any 
business transaction with the city, is guilty 
of a misdemeanor, and may be removed for 
that cruise. The Los Angeles-Pacific cor- 
poration of which General Sherman is the 
head rents some offices in its Fourth street 
building to the city. While the last council 
was still in office Mayor Alexander was led 
to believe that if he would seek the removal 
uf Sherman on that ground he would meet 
with no opposition; so he announced the 
noval, and asked council fur confirmation. 
The request was not granted, but council 
directed the city attorney to proceed under 
the charter provision to get General Sher- 
man out. This of course meant very little, 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK. 

Published Every Saturday 

837 South Spring St. 

Los Angeles, California, 

by the 

PACIFIC OUTLOOK COMPANY 

Subscription price $1.00 a year in advance. 
Single copies 5 cents at all news stands. 



A. M. DUNN, Manager 
C. D. WILLARD Editorial Contributor 



NOTICE TO SUBSCRIBERS— The Pacific Out- 
look is mailed to subscribers through the Los 
Angeles Post Office every Friday, and should 
be delivered in every part of the city by Satur- 
day's post. If for any reason it should be de- 
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by giving them immediate notice. 

Entered aa •econd-class matter April 5, 1907, at the postc-mcc at 
Lc-i Angelei, California, under the act of Congreis of March;, 1879. 



for court processes and appeals would, no 
doubt, exhaust the entire term his appoint- 
ment had yet to run. 

The mayor's course in this was, in our 
judgment, mistaken, growing out of a nat- 
ural desire to get results rather than to 
maintain an abstract principle. And it did 
not bring results. The charter provision 
above referred to is more or less of an ab- 
surdity, that should be revised into prac- 
tical form whenever that document comes 
to be keel-hauled. If none of the stockhold- 
ers of the banks among vv'hich the city 
money is, by law, located are available for 
service on the commission, there -is seem- 
ingly no limit to the ramifications of the 
thing. Of course, if it is the law, it must 
be lived up to as long as it is on the book; 
but we find it hard to believe that any court 
will put such a construction upon it. The 
threat which seems to have been made by 
the machine organ, that if its favorite 
Sherman was disturbed it would begin oper- 
ations to throw out every man in the ad- 
ministration that owned bank stock, may 
just as well be met one time as another. If 
that is. the law, by all means let us find it 
out. 

However, with a council that was entirely 
in accord with the mayor's view as to the 
usefulness of General" Sherman on the 
Water Board, a short cut was possible, and 
it was employed. The Times did a pretty 
fair specialty of bellowing and hair-tearing. 
but there has not been visible to the naked 
eye any considerable amount of indignation 
on the part of the populace. Even the 
General's own coterie of millionaires, club- 
men, men-right-on-the-inside and all that, 
have a way of winking the other eve when 
the) chance to refer to his decapitation that 
shows they are not quite inconsolable. The 
fact is the General has of late years trusted 
too many of his eggs to one basket. He 
seems to have gone on the theory that the 
Ti res was the whole thing in this com- 



munity, and that as long as he kept its edi- 
tor properly flattered all sorts of political 
gumdrops would come to him as a mattei 
of course. Alas! as the song has it "Them 
hippy days has went." It is the hour of 
fads and isms. Political power is viciously 
concentrated in the hands of all the people 
instead of heing beneficently spread out in 
the hands of the three or four that are on 
the inside. No; we are not prepared to 
say what we are coming to. Socialism, no 
doubt, or anarchy. A city government 
without General Sherman working the ma- 
chinery? It is an innovation, but we will 
take the chances. 

♦ ♦ ♦ 

TAFT EXPLAINS 



The President of the United States is 
never interviewed. He sometimes, how- 
ever, talks with an "intimate friend," and the 
friend tells us just how the President feels 
about things. The Detroit Evening Xews, 
an independent newspaper of good stand- 
ing, gives us an interview of this oblique 
character, and it is so consistent, so like 
Mr. Taft, and fits the situation so perfectly, 
that we are constrained to accept it as gen- 
uine. 

We have never regarded Mr. Taft as a 
deliberate traitor to the Roosevelt policies, 
even though it must be admitted that the 
final outcome of the course he is pursuing 
will result just as disastrously to himself, 
and perhaps to the country, as if he had 
gone completely over to the enemy. But 
•we have held, and we still hold, being all the 
more confirmed in our opinion by this quasi 
inter-view, that Taft, an ignoramus and 
blunderer in politics, and a man wdio pos- 
sesses no faculty for getting close to the 
people and understanding them, has gone 
into an alliance with Cannon and Aldrich 
because he has been led to believe that in 
no other way can the pledges of the admin- 
istration be made good. 

This alleged interview simply developes 
that theory in detail, with a few nasty 
flings at the "hypocrites" and "dema- 
gogues" that venture to take a different 
view of the situation. It is, by the way, 
something of a satisfaction to learn that Mr. 
Taft actually can get "vexed," and that a 
real frown may take the place of the innne 
smile with which his full-moon countenance 
is usually illumined. To be sure, he picks 
out the wrong side to get mad at, but the 
fact that he is getting- mad shows prog 

"ft isn't a question," we are told, "whether 
President Taft likes Senator Aldrich and 
her Cannon and their associates in 
Congress. ... If the present session is to 
do anything to give the country the legisla- 
tion it is demanding, he must work with 
these men. Failure to do this would bring 
the present session to an inglorious em 
the eve of a political campaign. . . . The 
Democrats could ask for nothing better. 
... As he sees the case, a break between 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



him and the leaders of either house of Con- 
gress could only result in -party disaster, 
and so he has made up his mind to disre- 
gard the criticisms, and to work with these 
leaders in the most cordial sort of way, that 



the present session may 



have to its credit 



legislation that will appeal to the country 
by showing a real intention on the part of 
the Republicans to carry out their platform 
pledges." 

And so on through a column or more. 
Mr. Taft is always the. "Leader of the Re- 
publican party," and the poor remnant and 
wraith of a Democratic party is made to do 
yeoman service once more as Bogey Man. 

It might be suggested at the start-off that 
the President of the United States _ owes 
some duties to the people in addition to 
those he owes to the Republican party, an<: 
that it might have been in better taste to 
consider the issue from the ibroader plane, 
but we may waive that. Prior to his ele- 
vation to the presidency Mr. Taft was never 
a very devoted party man, and something 
is to be pardoned to the over-enthusiasm of 
the new convert. 

So it is results that our rotund friend 
is after. Very good; that is what we all 
want — results. 

Admittedly the most important item of 
the whole Republican platform — the one 
that most intimately concerned the daily 
life of the people — was the tariff reform. 
The President must have thought so, else 
he would not have called a special session 
of Congress to consider it, and have made 
it the sole subject of his first message. How 
did his Cannon-Aldrich partnership system 
work there? From first to last the Presi- 
dent ignored the "insurgents" — who were 
not then party rebels but were working 
within the ranks to hold the organization 
to its promises. We know now, what we 
suspected then, that the President was ''do- 
ing business" with Cannon and Aldrich. 
And for the results? Ye Gods and Jelly- 
fishes! Is the Payne tariff a sample of the 
workings of his system? First, in evident 
violation of all understanding, they put up 
a measure that was so clearly in the inter-, 
est of the trusts, and such an outrageous, 
bare-faced robbery of the people, that the 
President was forced out in the open and 
compelled to threaten a veto. And the only 
thing that would have made the veto effec- 
tive Would have been the vote of the de- 
spised insurgents combined with the honest 
section of the Democrats. So Aldrich took 
the bill back and cooked it a little. He put 
in a few useless reductions — what they call 
in railway business "paper rates" — made 
things "free" that we export, switched clas- 
sifications around until jokers were hidden, 
and produced in the finish one of the most 
atrocious high-price makers of a tariff that 
the unhappy poor people of this nation have 
ever been called upon to face. Mr. Taft 
signed it, and went about the country 
boasting of his achievement. For this lat- 
. ter purpose he made use of the Payne 
figures which had already been completely 
pulverized by statements from his own 
Treasury Department. 

Suppose you were to read in a New York 
paper a personal as follows: 

"Farmer Corntossel of Hayrick is in town 
at the Bull House. If the gentleman with 
the black moustache who, on the occasion 
of his last visit, sold him a gold brick will 
call again bringing green goods, mining 
stock and other phony stuff, Mr. Corntos- 
sel wiil be very glad to examine his line." 



Now just whom would that remind you 
of? 

To play the part of sucker once is sad 
enough. But to glory in it, and to hang 
out a sign "Please come in and do me up 
again," that is more than we expect even in 
the "leader of the party." 

Mr. Taft will get some concessions from 
Messrs. Cannon and Aldrich, no doubt, but 
those are concessions that anybod)', a wood- 
en Indian or a clothing store dummy, could 
get. The representatives of the Trusts are 
no fools, although they know how to make 
the most of the folly of others. They are 
not quite blind as to what is happening in 
the country. Much as they hate Roose- 
velt, they recognize his work among the 
people. By the way, he wasn't much on 
concessions, that Theodore. He preferred 
spoils, and occasionally he took along a few 
hides with them. 

In this interview Taft is made to say that 
the "trouble" is all caused by his "political 
enemies." We hate to believe that he ac- 
tually said that. It is too idiotic. Who are 
these enemies, and whence do they come? 
When he entered the White House the po- 
litical party that had opposed him was 
broken to fragments and utterly demoral- 
ized. As for the small faction of Republican 
leaders, who had fought his nomination be- 
cause they hated Roosevelt, they are the 
very ones he is now proposing to go into 
partnership with, while all the rest of the 
American people who were his friends, 
anxious to back him up and accept him as 
a leader, are now to be regarded as "political 
enemies" merely because they art hurt and 
sore at his shallow 1 and spiritless course. 
Very good. If he wishes that kind of a 
redistribution he can achieve it. 

But to think that we have a President 
that voluntarily and unnecessarily puts him- 
self in the hands of Cannon and Aldrich and 
depends on them to give the people what 
they are asking for, and expects by this 
guileless process to "get results" — O Moses 
and Green Spectacles, what a sight! 
* * * 

WILL GERMANY EAT ENGLAND? 



It appears fairly certain at this writing 
that the English elections will result in a 
drawn battle, with neither side in a suffi- 
cient majority — either alone or in combina- 
tion with the lesser parties — to he able to 
carry on the government any length of time. 
This means the probable failure of the bud- 
get, for although it may again pass Com- 
mons, through a combination of Liberals, 
Irish Nationalists and Laborites, the House 
of Lords, which proposed the election for 
a referendum vote of the people, will main- 
tain that they are now justified in a final 
veto. There will be no reform of the Lords, 
and the only bit of Liberal policy that is 
reasonably certain to be carried out is home 
rule for Ireland. In the near future, an- 
other election must 'be held, with the 
chances strongly in favor of Conservative 
success. 

This is a set-back to progressive ideas, 
and shows that the English people are by 
no means as far advanced toward social re- 
organization as we had been led to hope. 

The combination with which the Liberals 
had to contend was a serious one — the liquor 
interest, with which went the slum vote 
of the cities, the large land owners repre- 
senting wealth in. its strongest entrench- 
ment, the natural conservatism of the En- 
glish, people, and worst of all the German 



war scare. It was the latter feature of the 
contest that wrought the greatest damage 
to progressive ideas, and that may yet for 
a time give England entirely over to the re- 
actionary course. 

This German war scare is a good deal of 
a mystery to Americans, in spite of the fact 
that several of our magazines, notably Mc- 
Clure's, have done their best to make it a 
reality to us. It is certainly the livest- is- 
sue in England today, taking precedence 
over the budget, the House of Lords, the 
tariff or Irish home rule, but with this dif- 
ference : These latter are all discussed 
aloud, while the German war is treated in 
whispers and shrugs. 

Briefly stated, the case is this : The Ger- 
man naval armament at the present moment 
is probably stronger than England's. It 
has well under way an additional armament 
that can undoubtedly defeat the existing 
English navy or any that England can pro- 
duce in the near future. The German army 
is vastly superior to the English. Germany 
is in good order for war, while England is 
thoroughly demoralized. 

So much for conditions; now for causes. 
Germany is expanding rapidly in popula- 
tion, trade, ambition, and self-confidence. 
It has no colonial possessions. For a cen- 
tury England has been the bully of Dame 
Europa's school. Germany thinks it is he: 
turn. She wishes to be the first power of 
Europe, in the place England has long oc- 
cupied. 

As to evidence: The German people 
themselves make no secret of their inten- 
tion to conquer England. For years the 
toast of German naval and army officers has 
been to "the day that the war is declared." 
The ships built are all for service in the 
North Sea^not suitable elsewhere. Miles 
of quays are constructed for disembarking 
an army. The case is so clear to thousands 
of the most expert English officers, that 
they have actually gone through already 
the grief and humiliation of expected con- 
quest, and whisper to one another the an- 
guishing words : "We are soon to be sub- 
jects of Germany." 

Imagine the effect of a hideous obsession 
like this, resting its pall over an entire peo- 
ple! Almost alone of all the leaders in En- 
glish political life, Lloyd George and Win- 
ston Churchill have refused to take the war 
scare seriously. What their private views 
may be no one knows, but publicly they are 
entirely calm. Which is, of course, good 
sense, good politics and genuine patriotism. 
But in this contest it has counted heavily 
against them. Even the socialists have 
caught the infection, and their leading writ- 
er, Blatchford, who has been spending a 
year in Germany studying the situation, has 
made all England ring with his terrible 
warning cry of the fate that is in store for 
its people. This, more than any other one 
thing, turned the tide of battle against the 
Liberals. 

But now as to the war itself. Is such a 
thing credible? Is it possible that the 
world's peace is about to be torn to frag- 
ments by the sudden grappling of these two 
Titans in a hideous death struggle? 

We decline to believe that it will happen, 
although its possibility must be admitted. 
There are things that can be proven beyond 
the shadow of a doubt — only they are not 
so. With a piece of paper and a lead pen- 
cil one can demonstrate that a single pair 
of Belgian hares by natural increase will 
drive man and all animal creation off the 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



earth in so many thousand years. But we 

ry about that. 

nation on the 
that she 
in running her govern- 
ment. \\ ' i a t , neither di 

"llu-r nations. \\ e use 
our brains, which arc just as good as the 
Germans' it not better, to make individual 
fortui ernment is an incident, a 

thing games and tricks with in par- 

fun but punky re- 
sults. The same clear, cool, expert, scien- 
tific, - se that the German uses in 
mechanics, trade, philosophy and the arts. 
he applies i" the management of his public 
affairs — national and municipal. When he 
its himself at the counter of Political 
Science he says: "Results, please. Lei thai 
American have all the hot air. He likes it." 
If he sets up a tariff it is a scientific tariff, 
and hear- about the same relation to our 
ludicrous hotch-potch that expert surgery 
to the rites of the voodoo medicine 
man. He levies taxation with an arith- 
metic in one 1 and and an X-ray apparatus 
in the other. Beggary, slums, lynch law, 
food riots, grafting are unknown in Ger- 
many, as they should be throughout civili- 
zation. 

Half a century old now, the German gov- 
ernment is beginning to work among the 
lesser — unscientific — powers of Europe like 
a machine competing with raw-landed ama- 
teurs. In another half century, with con- 
ditions continuing as they are, Germany 
will be to the rest of Europe as the United 
States is to the republics of South America. 

But it is the German science, the cool, 
clear, national foresight, the judgment of 
the expert, that is going to sa.ve England 
from the risk of a destructive war. For a 
hundred years England's navy has given her 
control of the sil nation. That is at an 
end. But it is not the German way to do 
more than is needed to be done. If England 
would rather fight than let go of suprem- 
acy, then there will be a fight; but she will 
lake no such chance. On the other hand, 
Germany is too wise not to recognize the 
grave hazards of war — even to the one best 
prepared. There is room in Europe for 
two first-class powers, without either at- 
tempting to bully the other off the earth. 
The peace of Europe is based on the mu- 
tual respect of nations for one another's 
weapons, and the stronger nation will not 
put its pre-eminence in jeopardy in a fight 
unless it is forced to the issue. Germany 
will go right on building navies, whether 
she uses them or not, and unless England 
reorganizes her system of taxation her back 
will break in the effort to keep even. The 
war will be bloodless, but none the less a 
fierce struggle. 

4" + * 

A MANLY NEWSPAPER 



The Record has made a complete apology 
to E. T. Earl, owner of the Express and to 
T. E. Gibbon, manager and editor of the 
Her ild, for the mis-statements about them 
published during the early stages of the last 
campaign. Some weeks aeo we explained 
in these columns how the Record fell tem- 
porarily into the hands of a pair of new- 
ci mers to the city who Beemed actually bent 
on wrecking the paper in pocket and repu- 
tation. These men made impossible pro- 
posals to the Good Government committee 
at the time of the recall of Harper, and 
when they were refused, started in to abuse 



the leaders of the movement. This was the 

lamentable as the Record had always 

heretofore stood for good government prog- 

u' policies. 

Ill the late campaign these two imp. issi- 

hies took up the candidacy of Mushel and 

carried on a kind of a stand-and-di 

campaign. When that failed miserably, one 

of them wenl over to the machine, where 
he had covertly been working from the Start, 

hut the paper was held in line for I I 

Government and Vlexander by its owners. 

A feature of their absurd campaign was 
a series of brutal and insulting attacks on 
Messrs. Earl and Gibbon, with no basi- in 
fact, with scarcely a pretense of reality. 
Tl c\ were for the most pari vague insinua- 
te n- i >r w ' nil v invective. 

Now the Record, having "fired" the male- 
factors, makes a clean breast of its error, 
acknowledges that the attacks were unwar- 
ranted and the statements false. It is a 
frank, fair and manly thing to do, and the 
Record gains greatly in public respect by 
the act. 

By the way, the Times made a great 
flourish of reproducing many of the most 
insulting articles that the Record pub- 
lished. Now that the original fabricator of 
these libels declares them false and unwar- 
ranted, the paper that gave them added cir- 
culation will no doubt also take them back 
and apologize as any gentleman would do. 

P. S. We don't think. 

WHAT THE CANAL WILL DO 



We are near enough to the Panama Canal 
to be fighting over the question of which 
coast city shall lead in the celebration of 
its opening. Yet we are not near enough 
apparently for any one to present a clear 
statement of what effect the canal will have 
on the traffic of this region — the traffic with 
the East, with the interior and with the 
trans-Pacific countries. Perhaps no one 
knows. In a general way we all feel con- 
fident that the canal will do great things 
for the coast. We expect it to be the mak- 
ing of our harbor. Middle Western news- 
papers talk of it as if it were largely for 
the benefit of the Pacific- cities. But our- 
selves we must confess to feeling a bit 
puzzled, and not quite so cock-sure as are 
most of our contemporaries. 

We are not disposed to waste time on 
those croakers who maintain the canal will 
never be constructed, that the great dam 
will burst, that the locks are impracticable, 
that the government will go broke before 
the work is done — and all that. The canal 
will be built and may be justified as a naval 
necessity — outside of traffic considerations. 

"Bob" Evans declares in Hampton's 
Magazine that the canal will be of.no value 
to American shipping for the very simple 
reason that there is no American shipping. 
Otir ships have been put out of existence by 
tariff laws drawn for the benefit of ship- 
builders and the steel trust with something 
also for the good of the railroads. Presi- 
dent Taft wants to "revive" our shipping 
bv a subsidy. Hair of the dog that bit us! 
Put more taxes on the necessities of the peo- 
ple and pay the money in huge hunks to 
c irporations that they may be able to pay 
the hi"h price the tariff puts on everything 
tlr't ^oes into the making of the ship, that 
— and so forth, with the "House that Jack 
Built" system. 

However, that is not the main issue. We 
can 'jet ships enough for inter-America traf- 
fic, and that is what chiefly interests us on 



this coast — as far as the canal is concerned. 
Our benefit from the , 

ised to come from a cheap trans 
nental rate that will put us within easy 
w. irking distanci i Atlantic toast. At 

the present time this business is done by 

the railroads on what is reckoned a low- 
rale arising out of water competition. As 
about S3 per cent of the total business of 
the railways reaching the coast is transcon- 
tinental, this means either that the mails 
must make a tremendous cut in their 
through business — which is already, so they 
tell us, marked down to the lowest figure — 
OT else make up the deficit elsewhere. Now 
it is so much cheaper, intrinsically., to bring 
stuff by water from New York to Los An- 
geles than by rail, that if there is bona fide 
open competition by the canal, the railways 
will lose the great bulk of their transconti- 
nental business. 

How are they going to square them- 
selves? It has already been foreshadowed 
in a proposed readjustment of rates in the 
Northwest. Their plan is to build a fence 
around the coast cities and supply the in- 
terior territory, that is now served from 
here, with commodities direct from the 
. East. The present limit of our jobbing ter- 
ritory is the east boundary line of Arizona. 
The Chicago rate to that point just about 
equals the transcontinental rate plus the 
local back, the through rate being low by 
reason of existing water competition. Now 
the natural tendency, if rates remained as 
they are, of a lower water rate by the canal 
would be to let us penetrate further East, 
but that would put the railroads still more 
out of pocket. So their response to the 
cheap water rate will be a higher east bound 
distribution rate which will drive us further 
back west, and which, if the railroads choose 
to go that far, can almost put us out of the 
jobbing business. 

Of course, there are offsets to all this — 
considerations per contra. For a progres- 
sive, courageous city like Los Angeles there 
is always a way out. But the first results 
of the completion of the canal may contain 
such a jolt for the people of this coast that 
they will have little heart for celebration. 
♦ ♦ ♦ 

PRESS COMMENT 

Taft's special messages are full of logic 
and legal wisdom, but they look and feel 
like chunks of ice fresh from the North 
Pole. — San Francisco News Letter. 



Senator Depew stood up in the Senate 
chamber the other day and made some sar- 
castic remarks concerning Senator La Fol- 
lette. This will doubtless increase the ad- 
miration of a good many people for La Fol- 
lette. — Chicago Record-Herald. 



President Eliot remarked in one of his 
addresses on municipal reform that he could 
remember when it was an honor to be an al- 
derman in Boston. — Boston Transcript. 



When Secretary Wilson gets through 
with his inquiry into the advanced c> 
butter and eggs it will probably be as val- 
uable as his investieation into the rise in 
the price of beef. — Pittsburg Dispatch. 



Colonel Henry Watterson has bet a 
breakfast that J. G. Cannon will not be 
Sneaker on the first Monday in December. 
1911. Colonel Watterson is one of the 
foremost optimists. — Chicago Record-Her- 
ald. 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



MUNICIPAL AFFAIRS 



l 7f' HE DATA for this department is sup- 
** plied from the statistical bureau of the 
Municipal League of Los Angeles, but 
neither that organization nor any other has 
any control over, or is in any way respon- 
sible for, the general policy of PACIFIC 
OUTLOOK. 



Nickels Count Up: The South Side street 
car system of Chicago takes in 220,000.000 
cash fares a year which would be $11,000,- 

000. 

* t * 

Reforestation : The state forestry depart- 
ment of Pennsylvania has over two million 
young trees which it will set out next 
spring. 

* * * 

Standard Size Bread Loaves: Chicago 
has an ordinance requiring 'bakers to make 
their loaves either an exact or even fraction 
or multiples of a pound. 

* * * 

The Snow Problem: It took 1500 auto 
trucks steadily at work for several days to 
cart off the 10 inches of snow that fell in 
New York at Christmas time. 

* * * 

Playgrounds for Washington: Congress 
has recognized the playground idea by ap- 
propriating $22,000 as a beginning on a sys- 
tem for the city of Washington. 
t ♦ * 

Tuberculosis Hospital: New York City 
has in course of construction a tuberculosis 
hospital which will take care of 1000 pa- 
tients. It is located on Staten Island and 
will cost $2,000,000 when completed. 

* ♦ • 

Good Roads in Wisconsin : The new road 
law in Wisconsin provides for the construc- 
tion of main traffic highways through the 
state to be paid for one-third by the towns, 
one-third by the counties and one-third by 
the state. 

* * * 

Billboard Restriction: The new building- 
ordinance of Chicago contains an item re- 
stricting the use of billboards on certain 
streets except with the consent of a ma- 
jority of the property owners. The bill- 
board people are preparing to fight it in the. 
courts. 

* * * 

South and North Traffic Streets: Many 
of the down town streets of Pittsburg are 
so narrow that the new traffic rules allow 
vehicles to pass on them in one direction 
only. One important but narrow thorough- 
fare is closed to all vehicles except street 
■ cars through the busy hours of the day. 

* * * 

The Disgrace of San Francisco : The Phil- 
adelphia Ledger, an independent newspaper, 
puts it thus: "But the deliberate self-degra- 
dation of San Francisco, which will make 
every foreign investor chary and extra- 
cautious of dealings there, is not due to the 
self-seeking combination of corporations, 
crooks and politicians. San Francisco is 
shamed in the eyes of the nation by its 
eminently respectable business men who 
shouted Heney's praises until he clapped his 
hand on the shoulder of one of their kind 
and called him criminal." 



Of No Mean City: The Grand Rapids 
Board of Trade uses this from Rudyard 
Kipling as its motto: 

"Surely in toil or fray 

Under an alien sky, 
Comfort it is to say : 
'Of no mean city am I.' " 
•fr * * 

Splendid improvements in Paris: The 

city of Paris has been authorized by the 
Chamber of Deputies to issue bonds for 
$180,000,000 to be used in condemning un- 
sanitary regions of the city, the erection of 
new buildings, widening of streets, laying 
out of parks, and for good public works. 

* * * 

Raising Mayor's Salary: Mayor Marshall 
of Columbus, Ohio, was elected on an econ- 
omy platform, and one of his first acts was 
to get up an ordinance raising his pay from 
$3600 to $5000. " His political enemies all 
voted for it, on the theory that it would 
ruin him ; and his friends in council voted 
against it. 

* * + 

Municipal Reference: The success that 
has attended the work of the Wisconsin 
Municipal Reference Bureau has inspired 
the state of Illinois to follow its example. 
It has established a similar institution and 
has placed in charge Prof. John A. Fairlie, 
fontierly of the University of Michigan, a 
recognized expert on municipal issues. 

* * * 

Third Telephone System: The Board of 
Public Utilities has very wisely advised 
council not to grant a franchise for a third 
telephone system in the city. Two systems 
is exactly one more than is desirable. Now 
that we have a Utilities Board that can 
protect citizens in the matter of prices and 
service, steps ought to be taken to reduct. 
the whole business to one system. 

e|t i|* ajr 

Profitable Poor Farm: The overseers of 
the poor of Wakefield, Massachusetts, an- 
nounce that they have gotten the farm in 
shape not only to be self-supporting but to 
pay dividends. Massachusetts is a remark' 
a'ble state to be able to clear up a profit 
out of pauperism. There is thrift for you ! 
Ben Butler when he was governor claimed 
to discover that they were using the skins 
of the paupers of Tewksbury to make a very 
superior variety of leather. It was felt, 
however, that this was carrying thrift too 
far. . 

* . + ♦ 

Gaynor Does Well: Mayor Gaynor 'of 
New York is disappointing his political al- 
lies — Tammany Hall — and delighting his 
former enemies — good citizens — by appoint- 
ing excellent men to the positions in his 
control. Thus far he has appointed only 
one man who is prominently identified with 
Tammany, and he is unobjectionable. Many 
of the most important places have gone to 
pronounced anti-Tammany men. His health 
commissioner, Lederle, a first-class man, 
occupied that position under Low but was 
deposed by McClellan. Tenement House 
Commissioner Murphy was for many years 
secretary of the Citizens' Union — Tam- 
many's ancient enemy. With all the rest 
of the city government in the hands of the 
Independents and a Mayor that does as he 



pleases, the outlook for Tammany is by far 
the worst that it ever had to face. Never 
has reform been so completely in the saddle 
in New York City as it is now. 



Gilroy's Gas Experiment: In the Decem- 
ber number of Pacific Municipalities W. G. 
Fitzgerald, Mayor of Gilroy, explains how 
that progressive little town came to take a 
step backwards in the leasing of its mu- 
nicipally owned gas plant to a private com- 
pany. The plant was purchased .by the city 
seven years ago. A private company was 
charging $4.00 a thousand for gas, and the 
people in desperation voted bonds to buy 
the outfit. When they came into possession 
they discovered that it consisted of a lot of 
worthless old junk — a coal process where 
oil was needed, inadequate service mains 
and a tank of trifling size. With what was 
left of the bond money they partially re- 
organized the plant, but what was needed 
was an entirely new outfit and the people 
were not in a position to vote bonds for the 
necessary sum. They struggled along for 
a few years at a constant loss, giving very 



A Special Sale 
Parlor Furniture 

Barker Bros.' Own Make at Manu- 
facturer's Prices 




During the coming week — Jan. 31 to Feb. 
5 — we will afford Los Angeles furniture 
o-jyers a special opportunity to purchase 
"home manufactured'' goods, emphasizing 
two inducements which are factors of 
greatest importance to every furniture 
seeker. 

First, offering furniture of superior qual- 
ity, made up in our own shops with special 
care; second, offering this superior furniture 
at prices which mean a saving of the east- 
ern manufacturer's entire profit. 

In this special sale, we shall offer a large 
and splendid line of parlor suites, fireside 
chairs, davenports, and separate rockers and 
chairs, — some of these in the finished state, 
others to be had with any coverings desired 
to special order; in each case, special prices 
will prevail much under ordinary cost. 

An interesting feature during this special 
sale will be the "working exhibit" upon 
our Sixth Floor, where the actual manu- 
facturing of this superior furniture may be 
seen, showing how carefully each detail is 
attended to. 

If you have a need, in this line, do not 
fail to give this special sale your earnest 
attention! 




Household and Office Furnishings 

724 to 732 So. Broadway 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



unsatisfactory service but finally abandoned 

the enterprise and rented it on advanla- 
o a private company. This 

circumstance has been sent broadcast all 
the country by the anti-municipal- 

OWnership people to prove that cities should 
undertake to operate gas works; but 

what it seems to prove first of all is that 

when a city decides to go into the gas busi- 
it should put sentimental considera- 
aside, and not buy a lot of old junk to 

oblige the existing company. 

♦ * + ' 

Substitute for Dance Halls: While re- 
jive legislation is being enacted in many 
cities against the public (lance halls, which 
have when regulated shown themselves to 
be fertile ground for the demoralizing of 
the young, it seems to be generally con- 
ceded that some substitute should be pro- 
cither by the city or by civic or char- 
itable organizations to give social pleasure 
and education to the boys and girls of fami- 
lies that have no homes suitable for enter- 
tainment. If there is to be marrying and 
giving in marriage in our scheme of things, 
there must be opportunities for acquain- 
tance and the growth of respectable friend- 
ships among young people. Or, laying 
aside that phase of it there still remains the 
question of wholesome amusement which is 
as necessary to the proper development of 
young people as food and fresh air. In every 
great city there are thousands of young 
girls who do not have homes to live in — 
they merely exist in rooms. In the crowded 
conditions of the tenement district even the 
girls who live with their parents often have 
no place to entertain guests. It seems to 
be almost impossible to regulate properly 
the dance halls that are run for private 
profit. It may seem strange and far away 
just at present, but the same theory that 
provides playgrounds for the young chil- 
dren at the expense of the community, may 
in the near future provide municipal dance 
halls and public parlors for the social devel- 
opment of young men and women. 

* * + 

Judge Works' Suggestions : The president 
of a deliberative body is necessarily cut out 
of its discussions and lacks the power which 
the members enjoy of making motions and 
bringing questions before the body for dis- 
cussion. Judge Works considers that he is 
not only president of council but also a 
member of that body and has combined 
these two prerogatives in dignified form by 
making a series of forma! suggestions to 
council from the chair. He says that there 
.is discontent among taxpayers at the cost 
and character of the street work which is 
entirely true, the streets not being on the 
whole in as good a condition as they were 
two years ago. He asks that the matter 
of trading in saloon locations be investi- 
gated by council — in addition to the inves- 
tigation now under way by the Police Com- 
mission — particularly with regard to sums 
charged by land owners for their signature 
prestige to petitioners. He refers to the 
neglect of work by some city commission- 
ers, referring particularly to the library 
iboard which contains one member — a Har- 
per appointee — who rarely attends meet- 
ings. He objects to the members of coun- 
cil using railway passes, in spite of the fact 
that franchises require the companies to 
give the passes. He suggests that the bill- 
board question be reached through the 
business men who make use of that form 
of advertising. While we may not agree 
with the views of President Works on all 



these issues, we believe they are all matters 
that should receive public consideration. 
+ + ♦ 

Change in Police Department: It is re- 
gretted that the administration finds it 
necessary to change the head of the Pi 
Department, but there seems to have been 
no way out of it. Dishman was an efficient 
newspaper reporter, and he has many quali- 
ties that make him popular as a man, but as 
Chief oi Pi 1i< e he is m >t at all what the city 
requires — at least not in a reform adminis- 
tration. We cannot deny that the position 
in which he found himself placed when he 
took hold was a hard one. Under the Kern- 
Ilarper regime the department had become 
badl) demoralized, it was split up into 
[actions, and everybody suspected every- 
bod} else. While Kern himself escaped in- 
dictment, his right-hand man Broadhead 
was compelled to undergo a trial in which 
SO much damaging evidence was brought 
out that in spite of his acquittal he was 
dismissed from service. For some extraor- 
dinary reason Dishman sided with Broad- 
head, and did all that he could do to keep 
him on the force. Why he did that and 
other things of like tenor was a mystery, 
unless it came through the evil influence of 
the Times, a paper for which Dishman for- 
merly worked and with whose managers he 
was in frequent consultation. When Dish- 
man took the place as chief many of his 
nearest friends expressed the fear that his 
friendship for that paper would make a 
good administration impossible for him. 
The Times was backing Broadhead, for the 
same reason, perhaps, that it backed Cal- 
houn and others of that ilk, and Dishman 
helped. From that day he lost the confi- 
dence of many who had hailed his appoint- 
ment with satisfaction and hope. When 
Hammel became Chief of Police after El- 
ton he found a deplorable condition of af- 
fairs, 'but he went promptly to work to clean 
up — physically and morally. But Dishman 
did little or nothing to put things to rights. 
They are today practically the same as 
when he took hold. There is no wish on the 
part of the administration to make a place 
for anybody — indeed it is an open secret that 
it has been searching for some time for 
some one that would do.- It is simply that 
all hands have lost confidence in Dishman 
— a fact which the Mayor regrets, no doubt, 
more seriously than anyone. 

Little drops of scandal, 

Little grains of rot, 
Make a famous novel 

Out of what is not. 

—Puck. 



thought it was a - lgher." — Wash- 

ington Star. 



Lottie — Is your young minister so very, 
very fascinating? Hattie — Fascinating! 
Why, lots of girls in our church have mar- 
ried men they hated, just to get one kiss 
from the rector after the ceremony. — Puck. 



Friend — So your detective force is a fail- 
ure? Chief Emma — Yes; we can't find any 
one who is willing to be a plain-clothes 
woman. — Puck. 



"Why don't the common people get 
more?" "Because they don't exist as a 
body. Every individual thinks he is slight- 
ly superior to the general run of humanity." 
— Pittsburg Post. 



Chumpleigh Well, mj dear, 1 had my 
life insured fi n idaj . Mrs. Chump- 

leigh— I'm glad you did, John. Now 
won't ha\ e to be so cat ei ul aboul dod 

street cars and automobiles.— ( hicago Dailj 

New s. 

Salesman (lately promoted to curio de- 
partment) — This necklace, mailame, was 
originally made for the Duke of Bucking- 
ham, W'l o gave it to Anne of Austria. We're 
selling a lot of them. — Punch. 



The Pace That Kills 

lie went the pace that kills. 

He went that pace for years, 
But he is living yet, 

Strange as the fact appears. 

He was a chauffeur bold, 
For years, day after day, 

Herein the pa'ce that kills 
Those who get in the way. 

— Chicago Record-Herald. 



"Women vote! Never, sir, with my con- 
sent." "Why not?" "What! And have 
my wife losing thirty-dollar hats to other 
women on the election !" — Boston Tran- 
script. 

317-325 ■*«B5S'$t» «,. „„>^ ^~ ~" " 



317-325 

So.Broadway ^f^ 



314-322 
So. Hill Strkht 



A. FUSENOT CO. 



Spring Millinery 



[E are showing the lat- 
est Spring Models in 
Burgessor's Tailored 
Milan H.t, and Sailois 

In Rough or Mila 
Straw 

Especial attention is called to the ultra- 
fashionable 

Automobile Bonnets 

Quaint shapes in hemp ribbon trimmed or 
straw models silk trimmed. 

<IA feature Strongly Emphasized 

in all "Ville" Hats is 

Individuality 



. "Who is the blindfolded party with a pair 
of scales?" asked the stranger at the art gal- 
lery, "That represents Justice." "Oh, I 



HIGH CLASS INVESTMENTS 



MINES &FARISH 

REAL ESTATE AGENTS 



fTrniM 1 



RESIDENT AND BUSINESS PROPERTIES 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



BEEF TRUST EXTORTION OFFI- 
CIALLY PROVEN 



Editorial by B. O. Flower in Twen- 
tieth Century Magazine 



Certain facts have recently come to 
light in connection with the Beef 
Trust that completely disprove the 
widely circulated statements that 
were intended to convince the people 
that the enormous increase in the cost 
of meat products was chiefly due to 
the rise in the price of cattle, sheep 
and hogs on the hoof. Now, 
though there has been a reasonable 
increase in the price of live stock of 
late, that increase is but a fraction of 
the increased tribute levied by the in- 
satiably avaricious meat monopoly, 
while often the farmer, owing to the 
systematic jugglery of the market 
prices in the interests of the trusts, 
and other devices well known to the 
conscienceless feudalism of privileged 
wealth, has only obtained a fraction 
of what he should have received and 
would have realized under a steady 
market and with fair treatment. This 
has been so notoriously the case that 
large numbers of stock raisers have 
abandoned their business and are de- 
voting themselves to raising grains, 
fruits, etc. 

■Only last autumn the press of the 
country was flooded with a most spe- 
cious and mendacious article, sent out 
clearly for the purpose of .preparing 
the way for another raise in the 
prices. In speaking of this latest at- 
tempt to poison the public mind by 
false statements, the New York Jour- 
nal of Novemiber 19th said: 

"The Beef Trust, the leader in the 
combination to force up the prices 
of living of the workers of the coun- 
try, in an effort to justify its posi- 
tion, today sitands convicted of cir- 
culating untrue statements and falla- 
cious arguments. An unsigned cir- 
cular, of which the following is a 
part, is being mailed to every news- 
paper and magazine editor in the 
country." 

This circular opened as follows: 
"Recent investigations seem to 
show that the beef supply of the 
country is not keeping pace with the 
increased demands. This is due to 
a number of conditions." 

Then followed an extended, ingen- 
ious and thoroughly misleading state- 
ment of alleged causes for the in- 
creased price in meat and why we 
might expect further sharp advances 
in the price; the first of these causes 
being the alleged decrease in the 
number of cattle marketed from the 
Middle West. The sophisticated char- 
acter of this claim that our country 
is not producing sufficient meat prod- 
ucts for the people is seen from the 
report of the Secretary of Agriculture, 
published on December 1st, in which 
he states that during 1509 there were 
419.000.000 rounds of beef exported 
to foreign lands, and 1,053,000,000 
pounds of pork exported. 

In all the inspired statements sent 
out to the press to create the im- 
pression that the farmers ->.re re- 
ceiving high prices for thejr prod- 
ucts and that there is a scarcity of 
meat, etc.. it is needless to say that 
every effort was made to prevent 
creating the impression that the Beef 
Trust was earning anythmg mo _ e than 
a meagre or at least a fair return on 
the capital invested; and but for a 
certain action on the part of one of 
the leading members of the Beef 
Trust, this impression would have 



Deen immenstly strengthened by the 
recently published report of the Sec- 
retary of Agriculture. Mr. Wilson 
devotes a great deal of space to an 
unconvincing attempt to explain the 
caiuse of the high prices, by leaving 
out the great campaign-contributing 
trust as a principal factor. Great 
stress is laid by the Secretary on the 
fact that he has had men in different 
parts of the country investigating the 
difference between the wholesale and 
retail price of meats, with the result 
that the average increase, according 
to his statement, is 38 per cent. Per- 
sons knowing the appetite of the 
trusts and monopolies for profits 
would at once discredit the figures of 
Mr. Wilson's employes, who proibably 
are on intimate terms with the pack- 
ers; because if there was any chance 
for the monopoly to make 38 per cent 
on retail sales, only a short time 
would elapse before we would see 
Beef Trust shops in every city, just 
as we see the Tobacco Trust cigar 
establishments on the most expensive 
corners in various cities. It is doubt- 
less true that in many cities dealers 
may have done what the coal dealers 
did in Massachusetts at the time of 
_the great coal strike — namely, make 
a combination among themselves, and 
whenever the trust advanced the 
price of coal to them, they made a 
still sharper advance, so that they 
would reap an additional harvest. 
Still, the fact that so many dealers 
in meat are constantly failing dis- 
credits the theory that there is any- 
thing like the enormous profit that 
Secretary Wilson would have us in- 
fer from his report. 

'Had it not been for the action of 
the Armours, however, the report of 
the Secretary of Agriculture — follow- 
ing the flooding of the press with 
the circular to which we have re- 
ferred, would have exerted a most 
convincing influence upon the aver- 
age editor and rendered it quite pos- 
sible for the trust to have made an- 
other one of its periodical advances 
in the price of meats. However, dur- 
ing the last days of November, the 
Armours, desirous of listing their $30,- 
000,000 worth of bonds on the stock 
exchange, found it necessary to make 
a statement of their net earnings for 
the past year. The Armour plant is 
capitalized for $20,000,000, and accord- 
ing to the statement of this firm, last 
year the net earnings amounted to 
$7,127,926, or an equivalent of a divi- 
dend of 3S.6 per cent. As the Ar- 
mours are but one of the great firms 
that constitute the Beef Trust, it is 
reasonable to assume that the net 
profits of the trust amount to some- 
where between twenty-five million 
and thirty million dollars, and prob- 
ably they are much greater than even 
the larger figure. 

A large proportion of this money 
represents the extortionate tribute 
levied upon America's millions, or, in 
other words, the plunder of a great 
people as a natural result of the curse 
of a private monopoly being per- 
mitted in a food product. If The Ar- 
mours had been satisfied with a profit 
of 6 per cent on their $20,000,000 capi- 
tal, they would have realized $1,200,- 
000, and the American people would 
havejbeen $5,927,926 the richer. It 
is evident therefore that a large pro- 
portion of the enormous profits rep- 
resented in this 35 per cent dividend 
is merely the loot rendered possible 
by the Armours' possessing arbitrary 
taxing power — a power only permitted 
through the high protection on the 
one hand and the recreancy of the 
government in failing to make the 
interests of the people take prece- 



dence over the interests of monopoly, 

on the other. 

The sudden bringing to light of the 
real facts as to the master cause of 
the great raise in 'the price of meat, 
when the Armours felt it necessary 
to give the stock exchange a truthful 
statement of their profits for the past 
year, has apparently proved a revela- 
tion to certain editors, even of re- 
actionary papers, judging from their 
utterances. Thus we find the Boston 
Herald on November 30th, after com- 
menting on the amazing revelations 
of the Armours' profits, suggesting 
that the $20,000,000 of capital stock 
"may or may not include the usual 
amount of water," but "assuming that 
the stock represents actual invest- 
ment, this earning is the equivalent 
of 35 per cent," and pointing out 
that "it is evident that the consumer 
of meats is paying a substantial mar- 
gin above what .is recognized as a 
reasonable profit on investment." The 
Herald then continues: 

"When it is further considered that 
terminal companies, refrigerator car 
companies and other allied concerns 
owned by the same interests are sub- 
stantially but different pockets in the 
same 'suit of clothes among which 
surplus profits may be distributed at 
will, the consumer is inclined to won- 
der if there is not at his command 
any means by which he can ascertain 
what is a reasonable cost for the 
processes by which ithe steer bought 
on the hoof is placed on the store' 
counter as food. We imagine that 
the cattle raiser of the West who is 
unable to get a sufficient price for his 
cattle to warrant him to continue 
herding also would like to know the 
facts in relation to these enormous 
profits. This is only one phase of the 
increased cost of living. The high 
cost of meats is not responsible for 
all the consumer's burden. But it is 
one phase which is beyond the reach 
of the individual, and which can be 
investigated by ho authority less 
broad than that of the federal gov- 
ernment. Do not the Constitutional 
powers of. Congress, which have been 
stretched to cover almost every form 
of paternalistic effort, afford means 
for at least ascertaining the facts in 
ithis vital matter? Is a water-power 
trust of greater importance than a 
'burdensome monopoly in food sup- 
plies?" 

The New York World for Novem- 
■ber 30th contained the following ad- 
mirable editorial entitled "Why 'Meat 
lis Dear": 

"The statement submitted by Ar- 



mour & Company, in connection with 
the listing of a bond issue of $30,000,- 
■000 on the Stock Exchange, shows 
■the packing industry to be even more 
profitable than had popularly been 
■supposed. The company by its own 
■showing made a gross profit of $10,- 
582,000 for the year on a capital stock 
of $2O,0CO,OCO and earned a surplus 
of $7,127,926, or the equivalent of a 
dividend of 35.6 per cent. 

"Here is something more than the 
potentiality of .wealth ibeyond the 
dreams of avarice. It is avarice itself 
in the manufacture land sale of a 
necessity of life. Armour and Com- 
pany by their own admission have 
justified the charges of extortion 
brought against the Beef Trust. 

"In the light of this enormous 
profit the explanation of the high 
price of meat recently made by the 
Chairman of the packers' committee 
requires modification. That explana- 
tion was in effect that the packer, be- 
ing oblig'ed to pay a higher price for 
live-stock, passed on the additional 
cost to the dealer, who in turn shifted 
it to the consumer. This, however, 
is not the whole story of the .rise 
of mess beef from $8.85 a barrel in 
1906 to $13.20 in 1908. For its full 
understanding there must be taken 
into account the millions in surplus 
profits reserved by the packers to 
convince Wall Street of the safe and 
lucrative nature of their business. 

"It is the necessity the consumer 
is under of paying 35 per cent profit 
and guaranteeing bond issues that 
makes meat dear." 

This /statement of the Armours, 
coming on the heels of the campaign 
of misrepresentation that 'has been 
so vigorously carried on for the sole 
purpose of deceiving the people in re- 
gard to the real cause of the enor- 
mous increase in the price O/f meat 
products, affords a startling and con- 
vincing illustration .of the work of the 
poisoned press bureau or tainted 
news factories, by which the feudal- 
ism of privileged wealth is enabled 
to continue it's riot of extortion. 
Happily the people at last are be- 
coming awake to the facts in regard 
to manufactured and tainted news. 

In is a matter, however, for serious 
regret that Secretary Wilson should 
have so strangely overlooked the mas- 
ter cause of the rise in the prices of 
meat or should have so laboriously 
striven to show that the retail deal- 
ers scattered over the country were 
largely responsible for the extortion- 
ate charges, while ignoring the foun- 
tain-head of extortion. 



STEINWAY 

The PIANO of SUPREME QUALITY 

THE STEINWAY PIANO is 
incomparably the best instru- 
ment produced. This fact is 
readily demonstrated. 

If you are musically informed, 
you already know its truth. If 
not, careful investigation will bring 
it home to you. Steinway suprem- 
acy is no new thing — for genera- 
tions the Steinway has been the 
best^ piano. Steinway has made 
musical history-^-has set a standard 
through the years that other 
pianos have never reached. Today, 
as ever, the Steinway is alone, su- 
preme in all that makes up piano 
value. If you 'want the best, there 
is and can be but one — the incom- 
parable Steinway. 

We are exclusive Steinway representatives for Southern California and 
Arizona. New Steinway Pianos can be purchased nowhere else. 
Grands, Vertegrands and Uprights, $575 to $1650. Favorable terms. 

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ijcu. j . rnrivei vak 345-347 s. spring st. 




PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



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Edison Phonographs 

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I. os Angeles, Cal. 




Los Angeles Owes Much 

To Municipal League 



Broadway 



The Record's Apology 



j i- the public apology 
made by the Los Angeles Record for 
the attacks and mis-statements di- 
rected against E. T. Earl and T. E. 
Gibbon during the recent municipal 
cam; aign : 

ginning in March, 1909, this 
paper . thorugh its political edi- 
11. Lee Clotworthy, began a per- 
sonal campaign against one or two 
citizens of this city, notably Edwin 
T. Earl, proprietor of the Los An- 
geles Express. This campaign con- 
d with more or less vehemence, 
including inuendo and cartoons, tend- 
ing to reflect upon Mr. Earl, as a 
citizen of this community, up to No- 
vember 5th last, when a direct charge 
was made that he "had attempted to 
purchase false testimony," connecting 
Mr. Mushet, then candidate for mayor 
with the recent school bond suit. 

\ portion of the aforementioned 
campaign was conducted during the 
n j ■ 1 1 1 ■• of the present editor-in-chief, 
who. however, was located at that 
time in Sacramento. When a few 
days ago he located in Los Angeles. 
he was brought into possession of 
certain detailed and very complete in- 
formation regarding the statements 
m "'<■ in The Record, also the sources 
of information upon which these state- 
ments were made. 

The investigation of the entire mat- 
ter has convinced the editor-in-chief 
that the charges and statements had 
no foundation in fact, and that The 
Record's treatment of Mr. Earl dur- 
ing the time mentioned was not only 
hiehly unprofessional from the S'tand- 
I oint of journalistic courtesy in gen- 
eral and Scripps editorial rules in 
particular, but that it was false and 
based on false premises. 

Moreover, from the information ob- 
tained we are thoroughly satisfied 
that neither Mr. Earl nor anyone else 
attempted to purchase any "false or 
perjured testimony" tending to con- 
nect Air, Mushet with the suit re- 
ferred to. and that the attacks upon 
Mr. Earl were wholly ur) Justified and 
based on neither good sense nor an 
honest desire to <ret at the facts or 
to serve the public well. 



As socn as the nature and charac- 
ter of the attacks became known, Mr. 
Clotworthy's resignation was prompt- 
ly called for and accepted, and he is 
no longer connected with any Scripps 
publications. 

Further, we believe that Mr. Earl's 
attitude in regard to the political cam- 
paign was actuated only by the high- 
est ideals of good citizenship. 

In so far as the attacks referred to 
were directed against Mr. T. E. Gib- 
bon, president of the Los Angeles 
Herald, we desire to say, as we have 
heretofore stated in the columns of 
this paper, that the same are entirely 
unfounded and without any founda- 
tion whatever in fact. We have par- 
ticularly investigated the charge made 
against Mr. Gibbon that he was the 
owner of certain lands in San Pedro, 
which ownership was charged with 
affecting his attitude as harbor com- 
missioner. 

The facts are that Mr. Gibbon has 
never been the owner of any land in 
San Pedro, nor has he ever had any 
interest therein, direct or indirect, 
present or prospective, positive or 
contingent, which facts the writer of 
the charge referred to cou'd have 
readily lascertained had he made the 
limner effort to do so. 

The Record takes this o"Rortunity 
of declaring its sincere belief that 
Mr. Gibbon's editorial policy and offi- 
cial conduct have been dictated by 
his desire to promote the public in- 
terest and have not been influenced 
by any personal consideration what- 

THIE RECORD PUB. CO. 



John Trpham to 
Speak at City Club 



At the regular weeMv luncheon of 
the Citv Club to be he'd at Levy's to- 
day (Saturday) at 12-15 p. m„ Mr. 
John Tophim. member of the Los 
Aivdis Police Commission, will 
-nrik on "The Work of the Police 
Commission." 



Nearly Everything Done for Better- 
ment and Advance of Interests of 
Los Angeles Due to Efforts 
of People's Champions 

(Los Angeles Herald) 
The greater things the Muni- 
cipal League has accomplished 
in the eight years of its busy 
existence: 

Direct primaries in city elec- 
tiens. 

Non-partisan form of ballot 
in city elections. 

City elections transferred to 
non-political years. 

A civil service merit system; 
political activity of employes 
checked. 

A permanent board of public 
works. 

Public deposits put out at in- 
terest, yielding city and county 
$100,000 per annum. 

Election of councilmen at 
large. 

Prepared and put through 
charter amendments protecting 
aqueduct. 

Headed off giving away river 
bed franchise worth a million 
dollars. 

Property owners' consent re- 
quired for location of saloons. 
Taken city engineer and street 
department out of politics. 

Traffic rules for business dis- 
trict streets. 

Street railway commission of 
leaeue greatly reduced railway 
accidents. 

Protected city treasury from 
anv attempted raids. 

Keens a representative at 
council meetings. 

Tripled the citv's paved area. 
Secured six miles of streets 
clear of poles. 

Broken up the city's worst 
slums by establishing and as- 
sisting housing commission. 

Prepared recall against Mayor 
Harrer. 

Published record of candidates 
for council at the primary elec- 
tion. 

Initiated the ordinance rjro- 
vidine an efficient public utili- 
ties commission. 
"Don't make the other fellow do 
it all" is the "lea of the Municipal 
League in a little .pamphlet which 
that organization has issued recently 
to crive the 'average citizen a com- 
prehensive idea of the aims and ac- 
co^np'lis'h merits of the league. 

Tf t^e "other fel'ow" means the 
Municipal T eagwe. the other fel'ow 
very pearlv has done it all when the 
all concerned the general welfare of 
Los ^nTeles. 

Practicallv every improvement in 
the muni'-inal government of Los 
An~e'es had its inception in the Mu- 
nicipal T ea ,or11 e. or thp lenene has ac- 
cented an idea which his been pre- 
sented and which no person or or- 
ganization 'had the force or sipirit to 
carry on" and brought it to a success- 
ful conclusion. 

Nearlv evervthing the league has 
lccompllshed has been done against 
rreat v'ds. Everv suggested rhiange 
in the Ti'Cinus -o'iti'-s under which the 
citv was <*ovprned for so many vears 
was met hv vio-orous oino c ' ,: nn on 
the na--t of those pc-enns and inter- 

pcfc w'lli'-b "-erp p*-o*-*'rtT by 1"be PX- 
I'-l-'nir ,-.-nr!<'fIop of affairs srM ivhii-h 
pvnpndpd monev a"d used fbp'r in- 

p HP ni*f> frpp'v to thwart the c;i 
of the leaeue. 

In presenting charter amendments 



vhich « en des-ig ireak tin 

of the rail which so 

Inn- li. lil I ,i'- Angeles by I 

hi lea gui i ii.-" eri 

owed their el. 
and sonic i f tli. i ate to the 

.... in "'. . r Hi.- League, b} the amend- 
im tits, was tr> nil; t.i break. 
Invokes Initiative 

Wlen the council refused to sub- 
mit tin- amendments so the people 
could vote on them, the league 
promptly toot advantage of the ini- 
tiative and the voters secured their 
opportunity in spite of the council. 
This action was necessary in the 
amendments providing for direct pri- 
maries, election of councilmen at 
large, the aqueduct amendments and 
the ordinance providing for a public 
utilities commission. 

More than any other agency the 
Municipal League is responsible for 
the present good government admin- 
istration. The league was the first 
to institute proceedings for the re- 
.call of A. C. Harper from the office 
of mayor and the election of Mayor 
Alexander. 

One service the league Has ren- 
dered to the community that will be 
remembered long is the protection of 
the river bed. When the council of 
unsavory memory which has gone 
dlown into history as the "river bed 
franchise council" attempted to give 
this valuable asset of- the city to a 
private corporation, the Municipal 
League made the council retract its' 
action by starting to invoke the ref- 
erendum and the recall. 

All the difficult work of the league 
is done by the few men who compose 
its executive committee, although it 
has hundreds of members. The per- 
sonnel of this executive committee 
answers the question of why this 
league has been able to accomplish 
so much. It is composed of J. O. 
Kocpfli. president: J. A. Anderson, 
W. T. Washburn. R. W. Burnham, H. 
R. Boynton. Dr. F. B. Kellogg. Meyer 
. I issuer, Marshall 'Stimson, Frank 
Simpson. A. L. Stetson, Gilbert S. 
Wright. Frank J. Hart. Shelley H. 
Tolhurst, Louis 'Litc'htenberger and 
E. O. Edgerton, secretary. 



MR. CANNON AND THE NEWS- 
PAPERS 

Tt is characteristic of Speaker Can- 
non that he should think all news- 
papers who criticise him corrupt and 
ready to deal corruptly with him. 
Proh-hly it occurred to him that he 
wou'd have no trouble in getting their 
support for his ambitious schemes 
by promoting the free importation of 
paper and materials for niner. From 
this it wis a mere logical step to rer- 
suade himself that their support had 
been proposed to him on these terms. 
Nothing in his own methods, ideas, or 
his concention of public or private 
mo'-als. interposed to protect him 
from an inference at once silly in it- 
self ->nd discreditable to him. The 
imaginary negotiation wis quite in 
the line of eeneral manipulation of 
tariff "revision" as it has been prac- 
ticed for more than a generation. It 
is not necessary to assume that Mr. 
Cannon, in his accusations against 
Mr RiiM, r as to trying to bribe him 
with the i. the support of 

the ""Wro^olitan" newsoaners, told 
i 'ii-e"te untruth, though he un- 
auestionaijlv mide a statement that 
not tr'-e. He ma--, in his heat, 
In -'tided Vr. Ri'dder in the 
numerous company with -v-i-i-h he had 
been in the habit of dealing. — New 
York Tim 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



Famous SHort Stories 



THE MURDERS IN THE RUE 
MORGUE 



(Synopsis of Portion Published) 

The writer, in the summer of 18 — , 
met in a Paris library a young 
Frenchman of reduced means, with 
whom he soon became so friendly that 
they decided to have a common home. 
An old house in the Faubourg St. 
Germain being chosen the two friends 
entered upon a strange life of reading, 
contemplation and dreams, living be- 
hind closed shutters all day and is- 
suing forth at dark to be onlookers 
at the busy life of the city. Dupin, 
the writer's friend, showed a remark- 
able genius for analysis and deduc- 
tion, and declared that most men, in 
respect to himself, wore windows in 
their bosoms. Just at this time in 
the Quartier St. Roch, a double mur- 
der occurred, accompanied by such 
atrocities that it was the general sub- 
ject of talk and conjecture. In the 
published reports of the testimony of 
those who resided in the neighbor- 
hood of the house in which the mur- 
der occurred, or who had chanced by 
just after the gruesome discovery, 
peculiar deviations were to be ob- 
served. Those who had heard sounds 
in the apartments in question at the 
moment the murders were surmised 
to have occurred, agreed that the 
voice of a Frenchman was distinguish- 
able, but each described differently a 
second, and dominant, voice. All who 
had been near had noticed it, all had 
been filled by a peculiai horror by it, 
but none agreed as to its character. 
A gendarme said it was "the shrill 
voice of a froeigner," though not a 
woman's; a neighboring locksmith 
thought it was the shrill utterance of 
an Italian and 1 possibly that of a wo- 
man; a Dutchman was sure the 
screams were from the throat of a 
Frenchman, and claimed they were 
harsh, not shrill; an English tailor 
thought the voice was German; a 
Spanish undertaker was positive it 
was the voice of an Englishman; an- 
other Parisian was sure of the Rus-. 
sian character of the strange sounds. 
On one point they were all equally 
vague — none had distinguished a sin- 
gle word of the indefinable language. 

The astute Dupin, scenting the clue 
in the very part of the testimony 
which most mystified the authorities, 
obtained permission from the prefect 
of police personally to examine the 
scene of the tragedy, and with his 
bosom friend, the author, proceeded 
to the Rue Morgue. 



Retracing our steps, we came again 
to the front of the dwelling, rang, and, 
having shown our credentials, were 
admitted by the agents in charge. 
We went up stairs, — into the cham- 
ber where the body of Mademoiselle 
L'Espanaye had been found, and 
where both the deceased still lay. 
The disorders of the room had, as us- 
ual, been suffered to exist. I saw 
nothing beyond what had been stated 
in the Gazette des Tribunaux. Dupin 
scrutinized everything, — not excepting 
the bodies of the victims. We then 
went into the other rooms, and into 
the yard; a gendarme accompanying 
us throughout. The examination oc- 
cupied us until dark, when we took 
our departure. On our way home my 
companion stepped in for a moment 
at the office of one of the daily papers. 

I have said that the whims of my 
friend were manifold, and that Je les 
menagais, — for this phrase there is no 
English equivalent. It was his humor, 
now, to decline all conversation on 
the subject of the murder, until about 
noon the next day. He then asked 
me, suddenly, if I had observed any- 



thing peculiar at the scene of the 
atrocity. 

There was something in his man- 
ner of emphasizing the word "pecu- 
liar" which caused me to shudder, 
without knowing why. 

"No, nothing peculiar," I said; 
"nothing more, at least, than we both 
saw stated in the paper." 

"The Gazette," he replied, "has not 
entered, I fear, into the unusual hor- 
ror of the thing. But dismiss the idle 
opinions of this print. It appears to 
me that this mystery is considered in- 
soluble, for the very reason which 
should cause it to be regarded as easy 
of solution, — I mean for the outre 
character of its features. The police 
are confounded by the seeming ab- 
sence of motive, — not for the murder 
itself, — but for the atrocity of the 
murder. They are puzzled, too, by 
the seeming impossibility of reconcil- 
ing the voices heard in contention, 
with the facts that no one was dis- 
covered up stairs but the assassinated 
Mademoiselle L'Espanaye, and that 
there were no means of egress with- 
out the notice of the party ascending. 
The wild disorder of the room; the 
corpse thrust, with the head down- 
ward, up the chimney; the frightful 
mutilation of the body of the old 
lady, — these considerations, with those 
just mentioned, and others which I 
need not mention, have sufficed to 
paralyze the powers, by putting com- 
pletely at fault the boasted acumen 
of the government agents. They have 
fallen into the gross but common 
error of confounding the unusual with 
the obstruse. But it is by these devia- 
tions from the plane of the ordinary, 
that reason feels its way, if at all, in 
its search for the true. In investiga- 
tions such as we are now pursuing, it 
should not be so much asked 'what 
has occurred,' as 'what has occurred 
that has never occurred before.' In 
Fact, the facility with which I shall ar- 
rive, or have arrived, at the solution 
of this mystery, is in the direct ratio 
of its apparent insolubility in the eyes 
of the police." 

I stared at the speaker in mute as- 
tonishment. 

"I am now awaiting," continued he, 
looking toward the door of our apart- 
ment, — "I am now awaiting a person 
who, although perhaps not the per- 
petrator of these butcheries, must 
have been in some measure implicated 
in their perpetration. Of the worst 
portion of the crimes committed, it is 
probable that he is innocent. I hope 
"that I am right in this supposition; 
for upon it I build mv expectation of 
reading the entire riddle. I look for 
the man here — in this room — every 
moment. It is true that he may not 
arrive; but the probability is that he 
will. Should he come, it will be 
necessary to detain him. Here are 
pistols; and we both know how to use 
them when occasion demands their 
use." 

I took the pistols, scarcely knowing 
wh^t I did, or believing what I heard, 
while Dupin went on, very much as 
if in a soliloquy. I have already 
s-oken of his abstract manner at such 
times. His discourse was addressed 
to myself; but his voice, although by 
no means loud, had that intonation 
which . is commonly employed in 
speaking to some one at a great dis- 
tance. His eyes, vacant in expres- 
sion, regarded only the wall. 

"That the voices heard in conten- 
tion," he said, "by the party upon the 
stairs, were not the voices of the 
women themselves, was fully proved 
bv the evidence. This relieves us of 
all doubt uoon the ouestion whether 
the oVl ladv could have first 'de- 
stroyed the daughter, and afterward 
have committed suicide. I speak of 



this point chiefly for the sake of meth- 
od; for the strength of Madame 
L'Espanaye would have been utterly 
unequal to the task of thrusting her 
daughter's corpse up the chimney as 
it was found; and the nature of the 
wounds upon her own person entirely 
precludes the idea of self-destruction. 
Murder, then, has been committed 
by some third party; and the voices 
of this third party were those heard 
in contention. Let me now advert, 
not to the whole testimony respect- 
ing these voices, but to what was 
peculiar in that testimony. Did you 
observe anything peculiar about it?" 

I remarked that, while all the wit- 
nesses agreed in supposing the gruff 
voice to be that of a Frenchman, 
there was much disagreement in re- 
gard to the shrill, or, as one individ- 
ual termed, it, the harsh voice. 

"That was the evidence itself," said 
(Dupin, "but it was not the peculiarity 
of the evidence. You have observed 
nothing distinctive. Yet there was. 
something to be observed. The wit- 
nesses, as you remark, agreed about 
the gruff voice; they were here " 
unanimous. But in reeard to the 
shrill voice, the peculiarity is, 
not that they disagreed, but that 



while an Italian, an Englishman, 
a Spaniard, a Hollander, and a 
Frenchman attempted to describe it, 
each one spoke of it as that of a for- 



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Beautiful New Wilshire Home, one 
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A $12,000 house, just completed for owner, who cannot occupy it 
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PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



eigncr sure that it was not 

the vo intry- 

men. Each hki 

I of any nation with 
:. but 

aniard, and 
'might havi 

had he been acquainted with the 
Spanish.' The Dutchman maintains 
it to I that of a Frenchman; 

but we find it -tated that ,'not under- 
standing French, this witness was ex- 
amined through an interpreter,' The 
Englishman thinks it the voice of a 
n, and 'docs not understand 
German. 1 I ' that 

it was that of an Englishman, but 
altogether, 

The Italian believes it the voice 
! in, but 'he has never con- 

natire of Russia.' A 
d Frenchman differs, mon 
with the first, and is positive that the 
that of an Italian; but, not 
cognizant of that tongui 
like the Spaniard, 'convinced by the 
intonation.' Now, how strangely un- 
usual must that voice have really 
about which such testimony as 
this could have boon elicited! — in 
en, denizens of the 
five great divisions of Europe could 
recognize niliar! You will 

say that it might have been the voice 
of an : an African. Neither 

abound in Paris; 
hut. without denying the inference. I 
will now merely call' your attention 
to three points. The voice is termed 
by one witness 'harsh rather than 
shrill." It is represented by two 
others to have been 'quick and un- 



equal.' Xo words — no sounds rcsemb- 
) any w il 
tishable. 
"Ik itinued Dupin, 

made, 
: own understanding; 
but 1 

timate deductions even from this por- 
! the testimony — the portion re- 
specting the gruff and shrill voices — 
are in themselves sufficient to en- 
gendc ■ 

direction to all further progress in 
the if n of the mystery. I 

said 'legitimate deductions'; but my 
meaning is not thus fully expressed. 
1 designed to imply that the deduc- 
tions are the sole proper ones, and 
that the suspicion arises inevitably 
from them as the single result. What 
ii in is, how ever, 1 will not 
-t yet. 1 merely wish you to 
nun, I that, with myself it was 
ently forcible to give a definite 
form — a certain tendency — to my in- 
quiries in the chamber. 

"Let US now Iran-port ourselves, in 

fancy, to this chamber. What shall 
we first seek here? The means of 
is employed by the murderers. 
It is ii"t too much to say that neither 
Of us believes in preternatural events. 
Madame and Madesmoiselle L'Es- 
paftaye were not destroyed by spirits. 
The doers of the deed were material, 
and escaped materially. Then how? 
Fortunately, there is ibut one mode of 
reasoning upon the point, and that 
mode must lead us to a definite de- 
cision. Let us examine, each 'by 
each, the possible means of egress. 
It is clear that the assassins were in 
the room where Mademoiselle L'Es- 
panaye was found, or at least in the 



room adjoining, when the party 
ascended the stair-. It is then only 
two apartments that we 
have The polio 

laid hare i 

the masonry of the walls, in every di 

I "have 

1 their vigilance. But, not trust- 
ing to their eyes. 1 examined with my 

There were, then, no 

Both doors leading from the 

rooms into the pi 

locked, with the keys inside. Let us 
turn to the chimneys. These, although 
dinary width for some eight or 
ten feel above the hearths, will not 
admit, throughout their extent, the 
bodj of a large cat. The impossibility 
ss, by means already stated, be- 
ing thus absolute, we are reduced to 
the windows. Through those of the 
front room no one could have escaped 
without notice from the crowd in the 
street. The murderers must have 
passed, then, through those of the 
back room. Now, brought to this con- 
clusion in so unequivocal a manner 
as we are, it is not 'our part, as rea- 
soners, to reject it on account of ap- 
parent impossibilities. It is only left 
for us to prove that these apparent 
'impossibilities' are, in reality, not 
such. 

"There are two windows in the 
chamber. One of them is unobstruct- 
ed by furniture, and is wholly visible. 
The lower portion of the other is hid- 
den from view by the head of the un- 
wieldy bedstead which is thrust close 
up against it. The former was found 
securely fastened from within. It re- 
sisted the utmost force of those who 
endeavored to raise it. A large gim- 
let-hole had been pierced in its frame 



to the left, and a verj II was 

rein, nearly to the 
head. Upon examining the other 
window, a similar nail simi- 

larly fitted in it; and a vigorous at- 
lise this I also. 

The police now entirely satis- 

lol hern in these 
directions And. therefore, it was 
thought a matter of supererogation to 
withdraw the nails and open the win- 
dows. 

"My own examination was some- 
what more particular, and was so for 
the reason I have just given, — be- 
i. Hi-' here it was, 1 knew, that all ap- 
parent impossibilities must be proved 
to he not such in reality. 

"I proceeded to think thus, — a pos- 
teriori. The murderers did escape 
from one of the-e windows. This be- 
ing so, they could not have re-fas- 
tened the sashes from the inside, as 
they were found fastened. — the con- 
sideration which put a stop, through 
its obviousness, to the scrutiny of the 
police in this quarter. Yet the sashes 
were fastened. They must, then, have 
the power of fastening themselves. 
There was no escape from this con- 
clusion. I stepped to the unob- 
structed casement, withdrew the nail 
with some difficulty, and attempted 
to raise the sash. It resisted all my 
efforts, as I had anticipated. A con- 
cealed spring must. I now knew, ex- 
ist; and this corroboration of my idea 
convinced me that my premises, at 
least, were correct, however mysteri- 
ous still appeared the circumstances 
attending the nails. A careful search 
soon 'brought to light the hidden 

(Continued on Page 15) 








The Pacific Mutual Life 
Insurance Co. of Cal. 

(Capital, Fully Paid Up, $1,000,000.00) 

George I. Cochran, President Gail B. Johnson, Vice-President 



PACIFIC MUTUAL BUILDING 



Balance Sheet as of December 31st, 1909 



ASSETS 
Loans on Real Estate $ 6,910,666.00 

Amount of Loan does not exceed the 

statutory percentage of appraised value. 

Loans on Approved Collaterals 

Loans to Policyholders 

In no case does amount of Loan exceed the 

Reserve held by the company. 
Bonds and Stocks Owned 

Being Bonds, $4,966,952.68. of Municipalities, 

Railroads and other Quasi-Public Corpora- 
tions, and Stocks, $402,459.13, all valued as 

of December 31, 1909. 
Real Estate Owned 

Los Angeles income property, including 

Home Office Building. 
Interest and Rent 

Accrued but not due. 
Outstanding and Deferred Premiums— Life Department 502,613.97 

Accident Department 257,188.60 

Net Amount, Reserve charged in Liabilities. 
Cash on Hand 708,036.88 

Including Deposits bearing Interest. 



533,202.84 
2,734,208.65 



5,369,411.81 



1,227,494.37 



186,381.16 



Total Admitted Assets $18,429,204.28 

New Life Business Written, 1909 $ 22,287,279.00 

Total Life Business in Force 111,539,785.00 

Total Cash Income, 1909 6,164,523.42 

Premium Income, Accident Dept., 1909 1,007.370.59 

Total Paid Policyholders, 1909 1,986,628.67 



LIABILITIES 

Reserve on Policies $16,138,615.19 

Claims in Process of Adjustment 137,398.21 

Being Claims reported, but of which Proofs 
have not yet been received, or- are incom- 
plete. 

Premiums and Interest Paid in Advance 

Reserved for Taxes Payable 1910 

Surplus Set Aside for Future Dividends to Policy- 
holders 

All Other Liabilities 

Including $12,961.25 set aside for Medical 
Fees and $84,314.51 for Agents' Commissions 
in Accident Department. 

Total Liabilities $16,801,202.21 

Capital Stock 1,000,000.00 

Surplus, Unassigned 628,002.07 



94,800.87 
58,000.00 

223,879.47 
148,028.47 



Total $18,429,204.28 

Increase in Life Business in Force $7,136,906.00 

Increase in Assets 2,329,130.57 

Increase in Cash Income 531,404.19 

Increase in Reserve I,982.i90.81 

Increase in Surplus, Assigned and Unassigned 240,904.71 



For particulars as to Life, Accident and Health Insurance, issued in separate policies, or combined in one, call at the Home Office, 
Sixth and Olive Sts., Los Angeles. 



10 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 




iVSICl 



For chorus and conductor last 
Tuesday evening's Ellis Chub concert 
was an absolute triumph. Never has 
this choir been heard to better ad- 
vantage, especially in the numbers 
demanding vigorous and virile han- 
dling. The tone was rich, resonant, 
filling the auditorium with waves of 
splendid sound. As always at the 
Ellis Club recitals, the audience was 
a capacity one, overflowing with ap- 
preciative enthusiasm, receiving with 
special favor the setting of an old 
friend under a new aspect by Fred- 
erick Stevenson. This was the nur- 
sery rhyme, "Sing a Song of Six- 
pence," translated with pidgin En- 
glish. The composition is tuneful, 
original and bears a suggestion of the 
Orient. The accompaniment, ar- 
ranged for piano duet and organ is 
exceptionally well arranged and .bril- 
liant, something resembling orches- 
tral effect being attained. 

A very attractive number was 
Buck's drinking song, "Huzza," this 
composer being represented at the 
end of the program by "The Nun of 
Nidaros," a composition introducing 
an effective tenor solo, and choral 




Mme. Teresa Carreno 



portion. Mr. N. P. Sessions was the 
soloist of this number. By no means 
the least in interest was "The Bliz- 
zard," by Cadman, its effectiveness 
being fully brought out by Mr. Poulin 
and the club. "Moonrise," by Jo- 
hannes Pache was pleasing, without 
being strikingly novel. "Dance of 
Gnomes" was another examiple of the 
interpretative ability of the Ellis 
Club, its odd 1 effects being sung to 
perfection, so much so that a repeti- 
tion was demanded. Mrs. Bertha 
Vaughn's cultivated singing of the 
Traviata Aria, "A fors e lui," was a 
real pleasure, which the quartettes 
and trio were examples of excellent 
part singing. The personnel of the 
Dominant Club Ladies' Quartette is: 
Mrs. Bertha Vaughn, soprano; Mrs. 
Grace Stivers, second soprano; Miss 
Beresford Joy, first contralto; Miss 
Katherine Ebbert, second contralto. 



After a short absence, Mme. 'Mar- 
cella Sembrich returned Thursday 
evening of last week to fulfill her 
final Los Angeles engagement. As 
at her former recitals, a very large 
crowd was present to enjoy the fa- 
mous soprano and her efficient sup- 
port. Mme. Sembrich was in even 
better voice than at her first con- 
cert, and repeated some of the num- 




although unknown to the public is 
one of the coming musicians of the. 
city. (His program is a most ambitious 
one, but we are assured by his 
teacher, Arnold Krauss, that he is 
more than capable of presenting it. 



bers which had proved most popular 
at her initial appearance. 

One of the keenest pleasures of the 
evening was her rendering of the 
ever-popular "A fors e lui." 



Mme. Teresa Carreno, pianist, will 
be the next attraction in musical cir- 
cles. 

As the recitals are now planned 
there will be two, one on Tuesday 
evening, Feb. 8th and a Saturday mati- 
nee on Saturday the 12th, while on 
Friday afternoon, Feb. 11th, she will 
play the Grieg Concerto with the Los 
Angeles Symphony Orchestra. 

Born in Venezuela, one of the per- 
iodical revolutions of that country 
caused the removal of the Carreno 
family to New York, where Teresa's 
father, formerly a minister of the' 
state in Venezuela, brought his young 
daughter, the future pianiste, at the 
age of six years. Since that day the 
United States has been her home and 
the scene of her development. Car- 
reno has an excellent idea of music 
and gave to his daughter her earliest 
instructions. There was a benefit 
given for the nine year old child at 
the Old New York Academy of Mu- 
sic, when she played to a crowded 
house. The experiment was repeated 
in Europe where at the age of twelve 
Carreno was known to all the music 
loving capitals as a talented pianiste. 



At the Lyric Club concert to be 
given IMarch 4, another Hadley Can- 
tata will be given, "A Legend of 
Granada." The work is cleverly 
written and as its name implies has 
a distinct Spanish flavor. 



Mr. Joseph Dupuy announces his 
annual concert in the Gamut Club 
Auditorium, February 15th. He will 
be assisted by Mr. Will Garroway at 
the piano, and Miss Laura Zerbe in 
several of her own compositions. 



An interesting concert for the chil- 
dren of the public schools will be 
that scheduled for Feb. 10th in Simp- 
son Auditorium, when Bruce Gordon 
Kins'sley will give his presentation of 
"Tannhauser" with Mrs. Bertha 
Vaughn for the vocal interpolations. 



Mme. Schumann-Heink will give a 
return engagement in this city on 
February 11th. 



The Musical Salon, which was pat- 
terned much after the Damroch or^ 
sranization of the same name in New 
York, with the idea of combining the 
so^hl with the intellectual, will give 
a Valentine 'Box Partv on Feb. 14th, 
and a Washington Ball on Feb. 21st, 
bnth events ibeing held in the Gamut 
Club Auditorium. Under the direc- 
tion of Mr. H. F. Stone of Pasadena, 
rehearsals are going forward for the 
first concert to be given at the Gamut 
Club in March. 

At the annual meeting of the club, 
held recently, Mrs. E. R. Visner was 
re-elected president; Harrv Dow 
Kirk, vice-president: Mrs. M. G. Al- 
lured, secretary and Harry Havill. 
treasurer, with the following board of 
directors: John L. Richardson, Geo. 
D. Chaffn. Colonel R. F. ATance, Jes- 
sie L. Pratt. Mrs. W. H. Barham and. 
Geo. W. Coleman. 



It is exoected that the debut of 
Ralph Ginsburg. the hov violinist, who 
has created such a favorable impres- 
sion among the local musicians will 
be well attended. This young boy, 



The next Ellis Club concert will 
take place on the 14th of April. 

A Schubert Anniversary Concert 
will be given at the First Unitarian 
Church, Tomorrow (Sunday), at 3 
p. m., by 

Miss Margaret Goetz, Contralto. 

Mrs. /William J. Kirkpatrick, So- 
prano. 

[Mr. Abraham Miller, Tenor. 

The Krauss String Quartette — 
Arnold Krauss, First Violin. 

Julius Beirlich, Violo. 

Osk.ar Selling-, Second Violin. 
Ludwig Opid, Cello. 
Miss Laura Gregg, Accompanist. 
Frank 'H. Colby, Organist. 
And Young People's Chorus. 

Following is the program: 

Posthumous Quartette — B Minor, 
Allegro, Andante con Moto, The 
Krauss Quartette; The Miller's Flow- 
ers, Mine, from Song Cycle 'by Wil- 
helm Mueller, The Young Nun, Mrs. 
Kirkpatrick; Trio — "Who Is Sylvia?" 
Shakespeare, Young People's Chorus; 
Faith in Spring, Uhland, "Hark! 
Hark! the Lark!" Shakespeare, Sere- 
nade, Rellstab, Mr. Miller; Aufen- 
thalt (,My Abode), Rellstab, Fisher 
Boy's Song, Baron Schlechta, Litany 
(All Souls), Jacobi, Miss Goetz; Ave 



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PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



11 



-ch Militaire, The Krauss 
.'■• 
Wilhclm Mi 

ughing and 

■ CTI. Mrs. Ki- 

Cirkpatrick and 

i M li- 
the 
ioctz; 
Hymn to Joy. Schiller, Young 
Chorus. 



An American Composers' Song 
in will be given in the First 



rian Church on Sunday, 
ruarj 3 o'clock. 



A recital was given by the pupils 
"i M iistt d by 

Mr. Julius V. Leyler, pianist, in 
Blancbard Symphony Hall Friday 
evening. Those who took part were: 
Mrs. William E. Xctt, Mrs. G. N. 
Melsing, Mr-. 1 l Rh I affer- 

ty, Mi-- Ethel I'. Coleman, Mr. Jul- 
ius C. Sever and Mr. Edward Rivin 
ins. Miss May B. Orcutt was the 
accompanist 




"Vasta Heme" 

Mrs. Leslie Carter it the 

Mason this week in "Vasta Heme," 
a drama of literary value whose im- 
port appears to be the hopeless fate 
of the drug-user. As a mere warn- 
ing the play is tremendous, effective, 
— yet the very theory which con- 
stitutes this potency (that one who 
h,as touched the drug can never be 
free from its insidious curse) spells 
utter despair to the poor soul striv- 
ing to shake off the habit. Vasta 
Heme strives to shake it off — and 
dies as a. result, we are led to be- 
lieve, of her persistent abstinence. 
"The wages of sin is death," she 
quotes pitifully to the doctor who has 
aided her in her battle. When he de- 
clares "But the wages of conquering 
sin is life," she sums up her bitter ex- 
perience, and presumably the play- 
wright's doctrine, by replying "Beau- 
tiful, but not true, not in this life." 
If Edward Peple's purpose in writ- 
ing "Vasta Heme" was reform he has 
defeated it by such thoughts as this 
and others similar, which constitutes 
a philosophy of despair couched in 
epigrams. 

The play is brilliantly written and 
artistically portrayed, yet it leaves an 
impression of bizarre morbidity, just 
as Mrs. Carter, despite the exquisite 
fini = h of her acting, cannot avoid the 
gari c h tendencies symbolized by her 
flaming hair. By making Vasta Heme 
a successful authoress, the play- 
write is enabled to put into her 
mouth lines of polished beauty and 
intense power — the sort of language 
with which a dreamer occasionally 
electrifies the world. Mrs. Carter's 
delivery of these is a delight, the 
range of her speaking voice, which 
rushes from a whisper to a roar like 
a harp swept by a master hand, being 
phenomenal. Her greatest achieve- 
ment is in the second act, when she 
delineates the excruciating -craving for 
laudanum, not with rant and tear, but 
with the frantic, fretful nervousness 
of a soul in secret torment. 

The supporting company make 
commendable efforts in roles which 
are without exception despicable or 
colorless. One cannot but protest at 
the characters-of the men whose fight 
for Vasta Heme forms the crux of 
the nlay. The estimable doctor's de- 
sertion of the woman he pretends to 
love is yet another testimony to the 
hopelessness of the endeavor to "Rise 
on steoDing-stones of our dead selves 
to hisrher thinps." As a sop to hu- 
man faith, the playwright might have 
made him a consistently big man, 
such :is Vasta believed him to be. In 
Ibis role. Charles Clary seems op- 
pressed throughout by the knowl- 
edge that he must turn out a cad. and 
his intonation is mechanical. E. J. 
RatHifTe is less monotonous but also, 
oddlv enough, less pleasing as the 
publisher. Still, he surmounts the 
difficulties of an utterly base role suc- 



illy. A wholesome touch is the 
work of Miss Florence Malone as 
Jane McGann. 

The stage pictures and costuming 
boast the sumptuousness for which 
the star is famous. 

Dorothy Russell Lewis. 



"The American Lord" 

Charles B. Hanford is at the Ma- 
jestic this week on his annual visit 
here, and wonder of wonders, his of- 
fering i s not Shakespearean. Hanford 
has for so many years appealed to the 
minds of the people as a repertoire 
man who played nothing but Shake- 
speare, that it is interesting to see 
their faces as he comes on as up-to- 
date, prosperous looking American. 

IMany laugh at well written, really 
funny lines. Truly humorous com- 
plicated situations stamn "The Ameri- 
can Lord," Hanford's present vehicle, 
an excellent comedy. 

Mr. FTanford. as Bruester, looks 
like William Bryan and has all that 
personage's magnetism. After so 
many years of blank verse, doublet 
and'hose dress and small-sword wield- 
ing, bis actin<T as a modern character 
is delightfully surprising and appre- 
ciated. 

His chief supoort. Miss Drofnab, 
is advantageously seen as Mrs. West- 
brooke. The remaining cast is un- 
convincing, whereas thev are not what 
von would call bad. On the other 
hand they are far from being- s:ood. 
Thev co on. sav their lines, and are 
sfraierht-wav forgotten, leaving little 
if 'nv impression, which can also be 
said of the scenery. 

"Woodland" 
"Woo^'and." the Pixlev and T.uders 

tborou°dilv eniovable forest fantasy, 
is in its second successful week at 
tr>p G-nnd. 

When it was frst announced that 
pPartmau -md his company would 
nres^pt tlv'c piece in the true New 
York fashion manv of the "wise 
ones" =book their heads, Tt looked 
as if Hartman. puffed tin hv past suc- 
ce c ses thoiiwhJt he co"ld get away 
with something 'beyond his ability. Tt 
marie necessary new scenery, e'abor- 
ate costnmine. the music was difficult 
and what with onlv one short week 
to rehearse in. it loo'-ed as if Hart- 
man's production of "Woodland" was 
n-oino- to he the answer to — what hap- 
pens when conceit grows larger than 
ahi'itv — ? — But fsrreat little wo^d — 
bnO Hartman and bis hard working, 
canah'e romoanv came ur> to their 
usual hisrh standard, living us a per- 
formance that corn-tares favorihlv 
with th-t of the original New York 
prosper-on. 

\'l the characters beino- b'r^s, the 
piece is unusual drawl"** heavily un- 
on the imagination. There is srood 
comedy, rood music well suno\ ffood 
scenery and the usual happy ending 
romance. 



Mr. Hartman, as the Blue Ja] 
politico best, creating 

laughs in lines where a lesser - 
di.an would fail uturh . \\ I 

left .; ter, chief of po- 

and Myrtle Dingwall as 
Nightingale, desi 

ii ithout ex- 
ception, are far above expectatio 
Mi 1 1. n. in. m has added another 
ler lo his cap by this elaborate 
and finished production. Incidentally 
re appropriate tin- week. 
C. W. Schi u 



Mason 

William H. Crane, one of the fore- 
most comedians on the American 



up with a N'evada girl, who is 

a bit slangy. She has a good heart, 

ad helps keep things mov- 

Charles Frohman has furnished Mr. 
with a strong company. Mar- 
ie ol 
Bessie Brayton fi da and will 

n in it here. Louis 
an actor of experience and plays one 
of the leading role- Others whose 
names are familiar are l!-;i I'ayne, 
Vivian Martin. Mildred Beverly, 
Vdele Clarke. Forrest Orr, Sidney 
Blair, Percy Brooke and John P. 
Brawn. 

The usual matinee will be given 
Saturday afternoon. 




Margaret Date, wuh William n. Uran 

Opera 

stage, comes to the Mason Opera 
House for one week beginning Mon- 
day evening, in George Ade's comedy 
"Father and the Boys." 

The play is in four acts and the 
story concerns a quiet, old business 
man who has devoted his life to 
amassing a fortune for his two -ons. 
After they leave college he admits 
them to partnership in his business 
but they take little interest in the af- 
fairs of the concern. His remon- 
strances against their behavior are of 
no avail. In order to bring the boys 
to a realization of their responsibility 
the father decides to catch up with 
the procession. Once the old gentle- 
man cuts loose there is no holding 
him back and soon the boys are 
forced to look after the neglected 
business. For a peace-maker father 



e in "±>atner and the Boys," Mason 
House 

Majestic 

A return engagement of "The Vir- 
ginian," by Owen Wister and Kirke 
L<a Shelle will be played at the Ma- 
jestic theatre next week with m » t i— 
nees Wednesday and Saturday. 

If you have ever seen the red flash 
of a puncher's gun at midnight in 
the streets of a cow town, if you have 
ever seen a crowd of indignant citi- 
zens knotting lariats together for the 
benefit of one of their friends who 



Blanchard Hall Studio Building 

Devoted exclusively to Music, Art, Science 
Studio, and ^aua For all purposes for rent. Larreat 
Studio building in the Wear. For term, and all infor- 
mation apply to F. W\ BLANCH \RD. 
233 S Brondwar - . 232 S. Hi] St. 
Los Angeles, California 



12 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



had been stealing cattle, you will 
recognize the old frontier life that 
"The Virginian" affords. William L. 
Gibson will ibe seen in the stellar 
role; Marshal Farnum, brother of 
Dustin Farnum, will be seen as the 
Cattle Thief and Mabel Wright in 
the role of Molly Wood. Others in 
the company are John C. Hickey, J. 
R. Furlong, Harry iHalliday and Chas, 
R. Gilbert. 



Belasco 

George Broadhurst's play "The 
Man of the Hour," will have its first 
stock presentation on ans^ stage at 



Tammany politicians, Horigan, the 
boss, and Phelan, the Alderman, will 
be played respectively by James Cor- 
rigan and 'William Yerance. Mr. 
Corrigan has been brought to Los 
Angeles especially to interpret the 
role of the political chieftain of the 
play. Richard Vivian will have the 
part of Thompson, the private secre- 
tary, .while Mr. Ruggles will have the 
part of Perry Wainwright, and How- 
ard Scott will enact the role of 
Charles Wainwright. 

The performance of "The Man of 
the Hour" will introduce to the Be- 
lasco patrons Miss Eileen Errol, a 







IlL^B'V^" ".$*?': 






. ^^tr^^JrTTHclfil 






r ':- x ^f i :\ * ^^^^P^l 






^^PTti 






K*' % 








K. 




r ' BSR'-J 




fitful 






^H£. l, *.*./«i 


k3.' 



Franklyn Underwood, Orpheum 



the Belasco Theatre Monday night. 
The role of Alwyn (Bennett, the young 
mayor, will give' Lewis. S. Stone's 
friends and admirers a chance to see 
him in a part for which he is well 
suited. Thais Magrane will have the 
role of Dallas Wainwright. The two 



new member of the stock company, 
who has just concluded an engage- 
ment as leading woman with Klaw & 
Erlanger's ' 1 Round Up" company. 
Last season Miss Errol was the lead- 
ing woman of "The Lion and the 
Mouse" Company and prior to that 




Matinee Every Day 

Both Phones— 1447 

Nights— 10c, 25c, 50c, 75c. 
Matinees Daily— 10c, 25c, 50c. 



Commencing Monday Matinee, January 31 

Underwood & Slosson 
In "Dobbs' Dilemma. 
Basque Quartette 



Grand Opera selections. 
Belle Davis 

And her Crackerjacks 
Mme. Panita 

Flute Virtuoso. 




ORPHEUM MOTION PICTURES 



Alice Lloyd 

English Comedienne. 
The McNaughtons 

JLondon Eccentrics. 
Bros. Permane 

Nightingales Making Love. 
Fox & Foxie Chorus 

Dogs, Cats and Ponies 



she played the leading feminine role 
in Charles Frohman's production of 
"A Message from Mars." In the 
"Man of the Hour" Miss Errol will 
have the part of Cynthia Garrison. 



Orpheum 

Presenting five new acts for the 
week beginning Monday matinee, 
January 31, with three Road Show 
acts held over, the Orpheum will wit- 
ness a continuance of that interest in 
what it has to offer which has made 
Spring street a mecca in the last fort- 
night. 

Franklyn Underwood and Frances 
Slosson, in "Dobbs' Dilemma" head 
the new bill. Both are. well known 
hereabouts, not only rrom their last 
appearance here in vaudeville, but 
from previous stays on this coast in 
stock, and Mr. Underwood as leading 
man for such stars as Florence Rob- 
erts, Nance O'Neill and Katherine 
Grey on their coast tours. 

The Basque Quartette, with spe- 
cial Tyrolean costumes and scenery 
to match, will offer grand opera se- 
lections in an environment fitted to 
bring out their best beauties. All foya 
members have been singing together 
since 1903, when they left the grand 
opera stage. They will present num- 
'bers from some of the most popular 
of the operas. 

In direct contrast to them comes 
Belle Davis, with her bunch oi 
"Crackerjacks," in southern dances 
and pastimes. 

Mme. Panita from Cologne, intro- 
duces the flute as an instrument for 
solo work in vaudeville. 
' Fox & Foxie's circus is "just like 
Barnum & Bailey, only different," and 
this perhaps accurately describes this 
odd collection of trained ponies, dogs 
and cats. Fox is a humorist, and his 
fun is very ingratiating, especially ap- 
pealing to children. 

Alice Lloyd, for her second week, 
has a complete new line of songs 
and gowns, and the McNaughton's 
and the Permanes, with new motion 
pictures, complete a bill fully up to 
the Orpheum's standard. 



dau will play the hotel keeper who 
is in love with Eliza. 

"All on Account of Eliza" will be 
the last of the Burbank's revivals. 
Following its withdrawal the Burbank 
players will offer Dustin Farnum's 
success, "Cameo Kirby," never yet 
played by a stock company anywhere 
in the world. 



Marie Cahill Coming 

Silvio Hein, the composer of the 



"All on Account of Eliza" 

Farce will follow romantic melo- 
drama upon the stage of the Burbank 
theatre next week when Leo Detrich- 
stein's piece, "All on Account of 
Eliza" will be revived. 

"Eliza" is really Miss Elizabeth 
Carter, school teacher in Hemlock, 
a small village situated in Western 
New York. She has many admirers 
among the men of the place and con- 
sequently few friends among the 
women. Naturally this situation leads 
to trouble. 

The hero of the farce is Franz 
Hochstuhl, president of the Hemlock 
board of school trustees who, how- 
ever, mets his Waterloo at the hands 
of his own housekeeper, the forceful 
"Delia. Hochstuhl is the character as- 
sumed by Louis Mann, who first pro- 
duced the play. At the Burbank the 
part will be played by Harry Mes- 
tayer; while Miss Frances Nordstrom 
will have Clara Lipman's old role of 
the school teacher and David Lan- 




William L. Gibson, as "The Virginian" 
Majestic Theatre 

music of "The Boys and Betty," the 
new play in which Marie Cahill is to 
be seen at the Mason Opera House 
shortly, is one of the youngest of 
American composers and has been 
most successful in writing for. this 
popular comedienne. He had but re-- 
cently disposed in conjunction with 
George V. Hobart and Daniel V. Ar- 
thur of the old Cahill successes, "Nan- 
cy Brown," "Molly Moonshine" and 
"Marrying Miary," to be played in 
South America. They have already 
been seen in Australia and South Af- 
rica. 



MASON OPERA HOUSE H. C. WYATT, Lessee and Manager 

Week Commencing Monday, January 31 — Matinee Saturday Only 
CHARLES FROHMAN Presents 

T CRANE 



n 



In His Best Part and Greatest Success 

FATHER AND THE BOYS" 



George Ade's Funniest American Comedy. 150 Nights at the Empire 

Theatre, New York. 
Prices: 50c to $2.00 Seats Now on Sale 

COMING— Miss Marie Cahill in "The Boys and Betty." 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



13 



LOS ANGELES CITY WORK AND LEGISLATION 

An indexed review of all action by Council, Board of Public Works, Commissions and Officials, relating to property 
improvement or of general interest. Record closes Wednesday night. 



Public Worh by Streets 

1st St.. ' el A: o • son and 415.16 
ft. wes change and establish 

grade 

1st St.; pet. from Tunnel Imp. 
: lie construction of a tun- 
nel under lir>t St. from Broadway 
to Fremont Ave. Referred to the 
1 Blvds. Com. 
4th St.; pet. from Chapman 
Co.. et al. for the establishment of 
the grade of 4th St. between Vermont 

nd Normandie Ave.; also 
tablish the grade of Catalina St. be- 
tween 4th St. and Linden St. Granted 
and referred to the City Engineer for 
ord. 

4th St.; pet. from Mini Hirshey, et 
al, for the sidcwalking of 4th St. be- 
tween Hope St. and Flower St. 
Granted and referred to the City En- 
gineer for ord. 

6th St.; pet. from Frank E. Waite, 
et al. asking that some action be tak- 
en to relieve conge: ted condition of 
6th St. from Olive to Figueroa on 
account of railway tracks lining been 
torn up. Referred to the Sts. and 
Blvds. Com. and City Atty. 

8th St.; pet. from Gertrude Taft, 
protesting against the assssment for 
the widening of 8th St. from Broad- 
way to Figueroa St. Set for hearing 
Feb. 1. 1910. at the hour of 11 a. m. 
and the clerk instructed to give no- 
tice in the manner required by law. 

8th St.; i et. from R. J. Cope, pro- 
testing against the assessment for 
the widening of 8th St. Set for hear- 
ing February 1, 1910, at the hour of 
11 a. m. and the clerk instructed to 
give notice in the manner required 
by law. 

10th St. and El Molino; pet. from 
J. W. Hopewell, et al, for an electric 
light at the corner of 10th St. and El 
Molino St. Referred to the Gas and 
Light Com. 

27th and Main; pet. from T. M. 
Sullivan for electric light. Ref. to 
Brl. Pub. Wks. 

Alley; pet. from J. Fetsch, et al, 
for the improvement of alley south 
of 2nd St. from Fremont to Beaudry. 
Filed. A title to alley is not vested 
in city and city has no power to order 
said improvement. 

Alley; protest from Delia M. Cor- 
win, against abandonment of certain 
alley east of Breed St. from Marengo 
St. north. Denied. 

Alley; pet. from L. Holmes, et al, 
to establish grade of alley connecting 
Olive St. and Olive Court, parallel 
with 1st St. Granted and referred to 
City Engineer for ord. 

Alley; pet. from H. F. Seils, et al, 
for the vacation and abandonment of 
that certain alley lying between Lots 
44, 45, 52 and 53 of the Wiesendanger 
Tract. Referred to the Bd. Pub. 
Wks. with instructions to confer with 
the property "owners in the immediate 
vicinity of the proposed vacation and 
ascertain whether or not said vaca- 
tion meets with their approval, and 
report back to the council their find- 
ings. 

Allesandro St., from Fargo St. to 
north city limits; ord. of intention to 
abandon said portion. Adopted. 

Arlington St., Adams to Jefferson; 
City Eng. recommended that street 
be improved under Vrooman Act. 
Adopted. 

Alvarado, Pico to Hoover; ord. es- 
tablishing grade. Adopted. 

Broadway, east side 6th St. to 
121.90 ft. south; ord. of intention to 
change and establish grade. Adopted 



Round, et al, for the improvement of 
Bcllcvue Ave., between Bonnie Brae 
St. and east line of Belmont Ave. un- 
der the bond act. Granted and re- 
ferred to the City Engineer for ord. 

Banning St.. Alameda to Vigius; 
final ord. for paving. Adopted. 

Brighton and West Adams; pet. 
from Lewis E. Bradt, et al, for an 
electric light at the intersection of 
Brighton Ave. and West Adams St. 
\d to the Gas and Light Com. 
Coronado and Sonoma Sts.; pet. 
from A. and F. King for permission 
to build a sewer from N. Coronado 
St. to Sonoma St. Filed, and the 
unexpended balance of money ad- 
vanced by petitioners to pay eng. and 
other expenses returned, as petition- 
ers no longer desire to deed alley or 
construct sewer. 

Pet. from A. and F. King for per- 
mission to open alley way from N. 
Coronado to Sonoma St., filed. 

Casco St., bet. Marathon and Belle- 
vue Aves.; pet. from A. E. Berncastel, 
et al, for improvement. Granted and 
ref. to City Eng. for ord. 

Crown Hill Ave.; pet. from Eugene 
Nollac, et al, protesting against the 
improvement of 'Crown Hill Ave., 
Boylston St. and Third St., as con- 
templated under Ordinance of Inten- 
tion No. 19,277 (N. S.). Set for hear- 
ing February 1, 1910, at the hour of 
11 a. m. and in the meantime re- 
ferred to the City Eng. for report 
as to frontage. 

Eastlake Ave., from George to 
Manitou; protest from Mrs. Orah 
Morton, et al, against change of 
grade. Protest sustained and pro- 
ceedings ordered abandoned. 

Fairman and Crittenden Sts., south 
of Berkeley Ave.; pet. of Jas. S. Sev- 
erance, et al, for the vacation of said 
portions. Adopted. 

Hoover St.; Bd. Pub. Wks. recom- 
mended that Hoover St. be widened 
to a uniform width of 80 ft. between 
Manchester Ave. and Santa Barbara 
Ave. instead of between Vernon and 
Manchester Aves. Ref. to Sts. and 
Blvds. Com. 

Hoover St., Smith to Temple Sts.; 
pet. from Forest Park Co. for im- 
provement of street. Filed. 

Hoover St., Pico to 16th; ord. of 
intention to change and establish 
grade. Adopted. 

Johnson St.; protest from E. K. 
Nickerson, against change and estab- 
lishment of grade of Johnson from Al- 
tura to Manitou. Protest sustained 
and .proceedings ordered abandoned. 

Key West St.; pet. from Carolyn H. 
Henrich, for the construction of a 
sewer on Key West St. between 27th 
St. and 28th St., by private contract. 
Granted and referred to the City Eng. 
for ord. 

Labory Lane; protest from Dr. J. 
R. Bancroft relative to the unsanitary 
condition of lane due to stagnant 
water. Ref. to City Eng. with in- 
structions to prepare necessary ord. 
for improving of said street. 

Lake Shore Ave., Glendale to Scott; 
City Eng. presented for adoption du- 
plicate maps of assessment district 
for improvement. Adopted and maps 
approved. 

Michigan Ave. and Saratoga Sts.; 
pet. from W. G. Gordon, et al. for a 
crosswalk. Ref. to Bd. Pub. Wks. 

Minnesota St.; pet. from A. M. 
Chave, et al. for the improvement of 
Minnesota St. between Johnson St. 
and Gates St., under the Bond Act. 
Granted and referred to the City Eng. 
for ord. 

Orange St.; appeal from A. James 



from Figueroa to Alvarado. Ref. to 
iation Com. with request that 
i be reported on at meeting of 
Council Feb. 1st. 

Pasadena Ave.; final ord. for con- 
struction of cement curb on east line 
of roadway, in front of park property. 
Adopted. 

Pacific Ave., from 16th St. to 800 
ft. north of Washington; ord. to 
change and establish grade. Adopted. 

San Fernando Road; from Ave. 20 
to north city boundary; ord. of in- 
tention to widen street to 80 ft. 

San Benito St.; Bd. Pub. Wks. 
recommending that pend. proceedings 
for the improvement of San Benito 
St. be abandoned and the C. E. in- 
structed to present new ord. therefor 
under the Bond Act instead of the 
Hammon Act, from Brooklyn to 
Michigan. Adopted. 

Sunset Blvd.; pet. from A. J. Er- 
linger, et al, asking that their names 
be stricken off the petition for the 
paving of Sunset Blvd. from (Marion 
Ave. to Main St., be filed. Adopted. 

Sichel St.; protest from. J. Frank 
Ballard, et al, against change of grade 
of Sichel St. Sustained and pending 
proceedings abandoned. 

Storm Sewer; Bd. Pub. Wks. 
recommend that plans and spec, be 
prepared for a storm sewer north of 
Pico St. to relieve conditions men- 
tioned in report of Oil Inspector. 

Valley St., Alvarado to Westlake; 
ord. establishing grade. Adopted. 

Vermont Ave.; pet. from E. J. 
Dolan, et al, for the improvement of 
Vermont Ave. between Santa Bar- 
bara Ave. and Slauson Ave., under 
the Bond Act. Granted and referred 
to the City Engineer for ord. 

Vermont Ave.; pet. from E. T. Mc- 
Laughlin, et al, for the temporary im- 
provement of Vermont Ave. between 
Santa Monica Ave. and Slauson Ave., 
by leveling and oiling said street. 
Ref. to Bd. Pub. Wks. 

Wilton Place; pet. from Country 
Club Park, for the improvement of 
Wilton Place between a point 17 ft. 
north .of the north line of 8th St. and 
17 ft. south of the south line of 9th 
St., by private contract. Granted and 
referred to the City Eng. for ord. 



General Legislation 

Agricultural Park; proposed lease 
bet. city and 6th Dist. Agricultural 
Assn. for a portion of said park. Land 
Com. recommended that City Atty. 
be instructed to prepare lease. Ref. 
to Finance Com. and City Atty. 

Action to quiet title; pet. from Ma- 
rie Forrester, asking that a certain ac- 
tion in the Superior Court, to quiet 
title to land at the corner cf Bishop 
Road and Savoy St., be dismissed. 
Referred to the Land Com. and City 
Atty. 

Billboard Nuisance; communication 
from J. >M. Winchester protesting 
against certain billboards at 3007 So. 



Grand Vve Referred to the Legisla- 
tion Com. 

..Brick Yards a Nuisance; pet. from 
I'. Marion, et al. asking that the 
brick yards at Pico. St. and Delaware 
Ave. and Pico St. ami Crenshaw Blvd. 
be declared a public nuisance. Ref. 
to the City Atty. for report. 

Camulos Street Tract; map of said 
tract approved by Council. 

City to Withdraw Depot Land; 
following resolution passed by Coun- 
cil as a result of tne failure of the 
Southern Pacific Ry. Co. to begin the 
erection of promised station: 

"Whereas, the city of Los Angeles 
granted to the Southern Pacific Rail- 
road Company, more than three years 
ago, real property abutting on East 
Fifth St. and adjoining the Arcade 
depot and valued at from $75,000 to 
$100,000, in consideration of the spe- 
cific promise by the said railroad 
company to begin the early construc- 
tion of the commodious depot in keep- 
ing with the needs of the public, of 
the value of from $750,000 to $1,000,- 
000, together with an attractive park, 
to be maintained by the company, the 
full length of the edifice on the west 
side, the whole to be furnished in the 
most approved style; and, 

"Whereas, the said Southern Pa- 
cific Company, although it has had 
the property this considerable length 
of time, has shown no disposition to 
perform its obligation in this relation 
and makes evasive and irrelevant re- 
plies when communicated with on the 
subject; now be it 

"Resolved, that the president of 
the Southern Pacific Company, 120 
Broadway, New York, be notified that 
the city of Los Angeles will tolerate 
delay and subterfuge no longer and 
unless speedy measures are taken to 
begin the consummation of such 
work the city attorney will be in- 
structed to take such action as may 
be necessary to force a compliance of 
the deliberate promise which the said 
railroad company does not now, never 
has and never can deny, or a return 



$3 



CASH 

Piano 

Home 



Puts a 
in Your 



During our Great Remodeling and 
Removal Clearance Sale, Prices 
Radically Reduced. Every Piano 
must find a home at once. We II 
arrange terms to suit. $3 CASH 
secures the Piano you prefer. 

Look Into This QUICK! 

Lucore Piano Co. 



7th and Hope 



Opp. P. 0. Block 



Bellevue Ave.; pet. from Larue Copp, on improvement of Orange St. 





Home A7336 Sunset Main 2290 




-npi^^ III* 1 V*" Wfrf 


5jmtsrl;r rntttg Anartmrnta 

FIVE MINUTES WALK to Third 
and Broadway. Modern Apartments 
and Single Rooms at moderate prices. 
Private Telephone in each Apartment 




UL« 
ii hi 


i*i|ja -- 






or Single Room. 237 S. Flower St. 



u 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



of the property so granted to the pub- 
lic. Be it 

"Resolved, that copies of the may- 
or's message on the subject and of 
this resolution be forwarded to the 
said president of the Southern t acihc 
Company at once." 
Condition of City Jail; report from 
■ Bd. of Health to the effect that the 
City Jail is inadequate to accommo- 
date the number sometimes kept 
there, bunks are closer together in 
some places, than the law allows and 
air space is insufficient, plumbing- is 
out of repair and ventilation is bad; 
and the heating plant is faulty. Ref. 
to Legislation Lorn. 

Compensation for Election Offi- 
cers; compensation for election orri- 
cers for special election Jan. 24th, 
fixed at $4.00. 

City Attorney's Report; asking that 
$75 be transferred to City Attorney's 
fund to pay expenses of City Aity. to 
Sacramento on city business. Ref. 
to Finance Com.; asking that $470 be 
transferred to City Attorney's fund 
to pay for U. S. Supreme Court re- 
ports and digests. Ref. to Finance 
Com. Recommend, that he be author- 
ized to withdraw application to sue 
in case of M. H. Sherman. Adopted. 

Claim for Damages; pet. from Geo. 
W. Slayton, presenting claim for dam- 
ages against the city for personal in- 
juries reecived from a collision with 
the patrol wagon. Referred to the 
City Atty. 

Demand Approved; demand against 
Street Lighting Fund in favor of 
Holabird-Reynolds Co. for $50.81 
retd. by City Auditor without ap- 
proval; again approved notwithstand- 
ing objections of Auditor. 

Demands; City Attorney recom- 
mended that demand of $50 to Alex 
Culver and $25 to C. F. W. Palmer 
be drawn, said gentlemen being ref- 
erees in damage action, City of San 
Pedro. Ref. to Finance Com. 

District Physicians; communication 
from the Los Angeles County Med- 
ical Ass'n, relative to a system of 
district physicians. Referred to the 
'Legislation Com. 

Communications from the Asso- 
ciated Charities and Charity Confer- 
ence Committee relative to a system 
of district physicians for the care of 
the poor. Referred to the Legisla- 
tion Com. 

Fire Districts; ord. establishing fire 
districts and repealing ord. now in 
force, no change. hjS been made in 
boundaries of said districts but a sec- 
tion has been added declaring that 
in any case in which an ord. refers 
to "fire limits" the same shali be 
deemed to refer to "fire districts" as 
established by the draft of ord. Ref. 
to Legislation Com. 

Garbage Removal; Bd. Pub. Wks. 
submitted resolution authorizing the 
removal of garbage for the month of 
February. Adopted. 

Gasoline Stoves; communication 
from' John C. Mahin, relative to the 
use of gasoline stoves, oil stoves and 
lamps. Referred to the Public Wel- 
fare Committee. 

Industrial Districts; communication 
from executive committee of Voters' 
League, relative to .the establishment 
of Industrial Districts. Referred to 
Bd. Pub. Wks. 

Kroner Tract; map of said tract 
approved by Council. 

Land for Park Purposes; pet. from 
J. V. Johnson, et al, and Irving W. 
Fox, et al, asking City Council to 
acquire for public park or playground 
purposes, land immediately north of 
South Park, being Lots 1 to 28 of 
Burton's Park Front Tract; City Eng. 
reported that petitions represent only 
3 per cent of property frontage, when 
by order of Council petitions must 
show 25 per cent. Granted, and order 
heretofore given to City Eng. that 
petitions must represent 25 per cent 
of property frontage, rescinded. 

Land for Street Purposes; pre- 
sented for acceptance from R. C. Mc- 



Nary a deed to city for the easterly 
7.50 ft. of Lot 17 of Walnut rlace. 
Deed accepted. 

IViunicipal Nurses; communication 
from the Public Health Commission, 
stating that it is the sense of that 
commission that all municipal nurses 
should be under the control of the 
Board of Health and also that a sys- 
tem of district physicians be pro- 
vided. Referred to the Legislation 
Com. 

Communication from L. A. County 
Medical Ass'n that municipal nurses 
should be under the supervision oi 
the board of Health. Referred to the 
Legislation Com. 

board of Health requested that 
Council reduce the number of city 
nurses from 5 to 4, and place them 
directly under Bd. of Health. Ref. to 
Legislation Com. 

Manufacture of Acetylene Gas; 
Fire Commission reported on peti- 
tion of E. Cohan in which Cohan asks 
the adoption of necessary ord. pro- 
hibiting the further manufacture of 
acetylene gas. Ref. to Legislation 
Com. 

Motor Show; pet. from the Licensed 
Motor Car Dealers' Association for 
permission to, erect a canvas awning 
at Fiesta Park. Referred to the City 
Attorney for the necessary ord. 

Oil Pumps; ord. regulating the 
erection, etc., of oil pumps, couples 
across streets, etc. Ref. to Legisla- 
tion Com. 

Oil Wells; ord. relative to oil wells, 
(amending present ord. ,No. 8303). 
Ref. to Legislation Com. 

Playground Commission; Mayor ap- 
pointed as members of said commis- 
sion: Mrs. Willoughby Rodman, Miss 
Bessie Stoddard, Dr. W. A. Lamb, 
James G. Scarborough and Joseph D. 
Radford. Appointments confirmed 
by Council. 

Park Commission; owing to inade- 
quate quarters now occupied by Dept. 
authorization to secure rental of two 
offices in Coulter Bldg. was asked. 
Ref. to Supply Com. 

Public Welfare Committee; motion 
that a committee of five be appointed, 
to ibe called a Committee on Public 
Welfare. Adopted. ■ 

Following were appointed members 
of said committee: Councilmen Plant, 
Washburn, Lusk, Betkouski and An- 
drews. 

Railway Gates and Bells; Bd. Pub. 
Utilities recommend that an ord. be 
enacted for the installation and op- 
eration of both an automatic electric 
warning bell and the usual type of 
double gates at each and all of the 
three crossings of Aliso St. by the 
tracks of the Santa Fe and Salt Lake 
railroads, on both sides of the Los 
Angeles River. Adopted. 

Physicians and Speed Limits; pet. 
from Jno. W. Trueworthy, et al, ask- 
ing that practicing physicians be ex- 
empted from the speed limits of the 
Traffic Ordinance. Referred to the 
Legislation Com. 

Removal of General Sherman; 
General M. H. Sherman, member of 
Bd. of Water Commissioners, re- 
moved from office by Mayor, for rea- 
sons that said Gen. Sherman is a 
large stockholder in the Main Street 
Co., which company has leased to 
the city offices occupied by Aqueduct 
Dept. in Central Bldg. and as Mr. 
Sherman was, at the time the lease 
was made, an officer of the city, the 
effect of this contract was to render 
Mr. Sherman legally ineligible to act 
as a member of said commission. Also, 
Mr. Sherman has recently acquired a 
large interest in lands in the San 
Fernando Valley, the value of which 
will be greatly increased by the Ow- 
ens River Aqueduct, and the benefit 
which the owners of the land will de- 
rive the right to use, the water from 
the Aqueduct will be measured very 
largely by the terms the city will- re- 
quire in furnishing water to them. ' 
It is clear that the officers in chargi 
of the 'Water !T>pnt will have a very 



direct influence in determining what 
arrangements the city will make in 
handling this question. Council gave 
its assent to removal of Gen. Sher- 
man. 

Communication from Hazard Park 
Imp. Ass'n endorsing action of May- 
or and Council in disposing of the 
services of Gen. M. H. Sherman Re- 
ceived and 'filed. 

Receiving Hospital; Police Surgeon 
reported that the contractor has in- 
formed him that the new Receiving 
Hospital is nearly complete and stat- 
ing in said communication that some 
arrangements should be made for 
janitor work and care of furnace. Ref. 
to Supply Com. 

Salary Committee; communication 
from the Central Labor Council, sub- 
mitting names Of F. C. Wheeler, W. 
A. Engle and L. W. Butler as mem- 
bers of the committee concerning sal- 
aries of city employes. Referred to 
the Supply Com. 

'Communication from the Merchants 
and Manufacturers' Ass'n, submitting 
names of Reese Llewellyn, F. W. 
King and C. C. Desmond as mem- 
bers of the committee in reference to 
salaries. Referred to the Supply Com. 

Sale of Traction Outfit; coram, from 
Bd. Pub. Wks. asking that sale of 
Model 20 Traction outfit belonging 
to the city to A. C. ■ McLean for 
$967.45, and submitting resolution 
therefor. Ref. to Supply Com. 

Storm Water Trouble; pet. from 
Burke Improvement Ass'n, for relief 
from storm water in the district ■ 
bounded by 60th St., Figueroa St., 
Florence Ave. and Hoover St. Ref. 
to Bd. Pub. Wks. 

Tract, No. 684; map of said tract 
approved by Council. 

Transfer of City Lands; pet. from 
Frank Fernandez, for transfer of in- 
terests in lease to city lands at the 
corner of Dayton Ave. and Ave. 20, 
to Mrs. Virginia Oldani. Referred to 
the Land Com. 

Tract for Park Purposes; John T. 
Gaffey tendered to city a tract of land 
for park purposes, on condition that 
city shall construct roads through 
tract and expend at least $2500 each 
year for improvements for first 10 
years, and if any oil is discovered on 
said tract and the city shall extract 
same, a royalty of 10 per cent shall 
be paid to grantor or his heirs. Ref. 
to Finance Com. 

Area of tract is between 25 and 30 
acres. 

Tax Rebate; pet. from St. Vincent's 
Church for rebate of taxes in the 
amount of $254.73 as same is on 
church property. Granted. 

Telephone Franchise Denied; on 
recommendation of Bd. of Pub. Util- 
ities, petition of M. A. King for tele- 
phone franchise was denied. 

Telephone Lines; ord. authorizing 
Bd. Pub. Wks. to grant permits to 
Water Com. for maintenance of tele- 
phone lines in public streets. Adopted. 

Traffic Ordinance; ord. regulating 
travel and traffic on public streets. 
Ref. to Legislation Com. 

Union Ave. School; pet. from the 
International Savings & Exchange 
Bank, asking that appropriation be 



made to cover three sewer assess- 
ments against Union Ave. school 
property. Granted. 

Water Trouble; pet. from N. T. 
Johnson for protection from further 
damages by the stream in the Arroyo 
Seco at Avenue 42. Ref. to Sts. and 
Blvds. Com. 

Yucca Plants for Parks; Judge Si- 
lent on behalf of Park Commission 
requested that $500 be placed to credit 
of Park Dept. for planting in Elysian 
and Griffith Parks, at least 10,000 
Yucca plants. Adopted. 



Bids Received 

For the improving of Avenue 33, 

from the westerly line of Griffin ave- 
nue to the easterly line of Pasadena 
Ave. (Ordinance No. 19386, New 
Series). 

For the improving of Fifth St., from 
San Pedro St. to Spring St., more par- 
ticularly described in Ordinance No. 
19564, (New Series). 

For the construction of a sewer in 
Amiador St., between Yuba St. and 
Bouett St., and in other streets and 
alleys, more particularly described in 
Ordinance No. 19565 (New Series). 

For furnishing one four-cylinder 
automobile, under Specifications No. 
122. Greer-Robbins Co. proposed: 
$1387.30 f. o. b. Los Angeles; time of 
shipment 30 days from execution of 
contract. 

For furnishing a ladder for dredge, 
under Specifications No. 124. 

For furnishing shovels, under Spe- 
cifications No. 121. 



Bids Awarded 

For the improving of Dorchester 
Ave., from the easterly line of Har- 
vard Boulevard to the westerly line 
of Jasmine St. Ordinance No. 19080 
(New Series). Awarded to Geo. H. 
Oswald, at $11.50 per lin. ft. for grad- 
ing and graveling; $2.00 per lin. ft. 
for regrading and graveling; 37c per 
lin. ft. for cement curb; 30c per sq. 
ft. for vitrified block gutter; 16c per 
sq. ft. for cement gutter; 12c per sq. 
ft. for sidewalk; $375.00 for two catch 
basins with vitrified pipe drains com- 
plete; $1.50 per lin. ft. for vitrified 
pipe sidewalk drains. 

For the improving of Wabash Ave., 
from the east line of Soto, St. to the 
produced east line of Evergreen Ave., 
more particularly described in Ordi- 
nance No. 19363 (New Series). 
Awarded to D. D. Chapman, at $2.00 
per lin. ft for grading and graveling; 
35c per lin. ft. for cement curb; 30c 
per sq. ft. for vitrified block gutter; 
15c per sq. ft. for cement gutter: $1.50 
per lin. ft. for sidewalks; $50.00 for 
culverts, including wings, complete. 

For the construction of a storm 
cewer in Merrnion -Way, between the 
Arroyo Seco and a point near Avenue 
64, more particularly described in Or- 
dinance No. 19411 (New Series) of 
the Mayor and Council of the city of 
Los Angeles. Awarded to R. N. Nik- 
cevich, at the following prices: 3 ft. 
6 in. reinforced concrete storm sewer 
including all structures, per lin. ft., 
$6.30; 3 ft. reinforced concrete storm 
sewer including all structures, per lin. 
ft. $5.80. 

For furnishing screw conveyors, 



BANK CLEARINGS 



ILos Angeles ibank clearings from Jan. 20th to 26. inclusive, showing 
comparisons with corresponding weeks of 1909 and 19P8. 

1910. 1909. 1908. 

January 20 $2 '99,616 10 $1,707,976.29 $1,670,902.66 

January 21 2 242.639 04 1,574.021.89 1.229 009.34 

January 22 2.2*6.595 52 1,318 044 78 1,305.715 66 

Janinry 24 2^79.47652 1,659469.44 1,436.987.33 

January 25 2410,813.60 1.733.S89 22 1,250 526.04 

January 26 2,843,296.56 1,833,663.05 1,244,703.78 

Total $14,442,437.34 $9,827,064.67 $8,137,844.81 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



IS 



under Specific.it: n- No. 208-B. 

:uring 

per 
ndard 

per 
ngths 
Vngcles; de- 
livery in ! 24 

For furnishing insulated or tar pa- 
per, under Specifications X'o 

G. Judah & Co.: Item 
lineal feet of insula! 
two inches in width, as 
itions, per 1000 tin. ft. $.73; 
ry in ten days; shipping weigh: 
. Item 2. 300,000 lineal t 
insulated or tar paper, three inches 
in wid r 1000 

lin. ft. $.85; delivery in ten days; ship- 
ping weight 3 Ihs. 2 per cent discount 
nt in 30 d: 



Building Permits 

>m Jan. 3 to Jan. 21. 1910. in- 
clusive, the chief inspector of build- 
I 506 permits, amounting to 



h arc classed as foi- 

if Valua- 

Permits. tion. 

\. steel frame. . . 1 $ 2tXl.(HK) 

. 1 10 

19 248,044 

184 :?•>.<*! 

rj , .. 2.? 53,150 

47 228,113 

li. 3 story 2 13,500 

Sheds 18 3,663 

Foundations 4 1,730 

Brick alterations 45 32.730 

Frame alterations ... 129 37,865 

Demolitions 13 2,015 

Grand total 506 $1,183,462 

1 i with last year: 

From fan. 2 to Ian. 

21. 1909, inclusive 556 $ 442,496 

Following is a report by wards, 
from Jan. 3 to Jan. 21. 1910, inclusive: 

Xo. of Valua- 

Permits. tion. 

Ward One 47 $ 45.850 

Ward Two 49 112,006 

Ward Three 70 422.897 

Ward Four 37 114.119 

Ward Five 137 254,121 

Ward Six 79 53,054 

Ward Seven 34 144,465 

Ward Eight 14 9.810 

Ward Nine 39 27,140 

Total 506 $1,183,462 

Compiled by Marie C. Colin, Chief 
Clerk. 



Judge Works Advocates Reforms 



Questions Affecting Welfare of the 

City Taken Up by Council 

President. 

That the new City Council is tak- 
ing up in a practical and energetic 
manner a number of matters which 
have been in need of regulation for 
some time, was evidenced by a speech 
of Judge Works, president of the 
Council, Tuesday morning, which 
was in part: 

"Gentlemen, there are some mat- 
ters that I would like to bring to the 
attention of the council for its con- 
ration. I understand that we are 
not elected simply to sit here and 
pa-- ordinances and act upon bills and 
the like; but that the general welfare 
of the city is in our hands, and I 
don't understand that I was selected 
as president of the council simply to 
sit here and preside over your de- 
liberations. The (president is made 
an advisory member of all of the 
committees and any matter that 
comes to my attention that I think 
should receive consideration at the 
hands of the council, I shall feel at 
liberty to call to your attention from 
time to time. 

"hollowing tire some of the ques- 
li in- to lie dealt with: 

Street Department 

"Charges have been coming to me 
affecting the street department, in- 
dicating that matters are not as they 
should hr: that there is extravagance, 
political corruption .and various other 
things 'hat need to be investigated. 
Whether these charges are true or 
not should, I think, be investigated 
by the council. If they are not true, 
it should be known, in justice to the 
department itself. If they are true 
it should be known for the benefit of 
this council and the people of this 
city. 

"We all know. I think, by our own 
oh ervation, that a great many in- 
competent men arc being employed 
Street work. I think we can 
sec foi Ives that the work is be- 

ing done in a way that is extrava- 
gant; and there is information in- 



dicating that the foremen and bosses 
in the street department are simply 
poli-tical hacks, w'ho are there for the 
purpose of employing men for poli- 
tical purposes, and that they are be- 
ing used for those purposes. 
Railway Passes 

"Another matter is the question of 
using passes by officers and employes 
of the city. As some of you will re- 
member, during the campaign I took 
the position that those passes were 
illegally issued and they ought not 
to be used by any employe of the 
city. 

"After we were elected passes were 
sent to me by the city clerk, and I 
refused to accept them and returned 
them, giving my reasons in a letter 
that I wrote to him. I did not write 
that letter for publication at all. I de- 
sired to allow each officer of the city 
to determine for himself what his 
duties were under the circumstances, 
as I did. But I understand now that 
some officers or employes of the city 
have referred this matter to the city 
attorney for an opinion. 

"I don't know whether it was done 
by any member of the council or 
who did it. But if an opinion is to 
be asked of the city attorney it 
should be asked by this council for 
the guidance of all of the members — 
all of the officers of the city, the 
council included, and the employes. 

"It is claimed on the part of some 
that these passes are a part consid- 
eration or an addition to the salaries 
of the representative officers and so 
treated. Tf that be so then it is a di- 
rect violation of the. charter of the 
city, because the charter fixes the 
compensation of every officer or per- 
son in express terms, or that the em- 
ployes shall act without any compen- 
sation at all; and any indirect in- 
crease of the salaries of the officers, 
by way of free passes, is a violation 
of the charter. 

"I desire to have this matter re- 
ferred to a committee of the council 
and the city attorney for a proper in- 
vestigation. It will make no differ- 
ence to me what the legal opinion of 



the city attorney might be with re- 
spect to the matter, because, as a mat- 
ter of propriety and policy, 1 shouldn't 
carry otie of the whether it 

city attorney to 
be legal or not. But other officers 
will take an entirely different view of 
It to their 
view. And, therefore, as the opinion 
of the city attorney has been asked, 
I think it should be given, 

"I think if the matter was taken up 
with the railway companies they 
would very cheerfully contribute a 
stun of money to the city treasury in 
lieu of the amount of money they 
lo e by granting these passes. Ami 
that is a matter. I think, if the coun- 
cil consider the matter seriously, 
should he taken tip with the street 
railway companies. My judgment is 
that whatever money comes from 
these franchises belongs to the city, 
■and that it is entitled to it, and that 
no other compensation can be paid 
for it except cash. 

Real Estate Deals and Liquor Li- 
censes 
"There is another matter I desire 
to call to your attention, that has 
been brought to the attention of the 
police commission. You know that 
the ordinance of this .city provides 
that anyone applying for a license to 
establish and operate a saloon shall 
secure the consent of a certain pro- 
portion of the frontage property on 
the block on each side. 

"It has been asserted, and I under- 
stand iproved in some instances, that 
some of the large real estate dealers 
of this city have undertaken to fur- 
nish the neces'sary consent of the 
frontage for a consideration of $1000; 
and the evidence indicates that there 
is some sort of combination between 
those large real estate firms who, as 
you know, control, either in the man- 
ner of leasing or holding property in 
various ways, control of a large part 
of the frontage. 

"Now, if that be true, and some of 
our citizens are resorting to that sort 
of thing, it is a most contemptible 
species of graft, and it is in violation 
of the terms of the ordinance which, 
of course, contemplates the willing 
consent of the property owners them- 
selves. 

Commissioners Neglect Duties 
"There is another maitter I think 
ought to be brought to your attention. 
There are a good' many commis- 
sioners here on the various commis- 
sions, who, I understand, are abso- 
lutely neglecting their duties; and 
that is particularly true, I understand, 
in the case of -the library board — a 
very important board, too — and that 
members of the board absent them- 
selves from the meetings months at a 
time and give very little attention to 
it. I don't know how much of an in- 
vestigation the mayor has made of 
these conditions. The duty to act on 
these matters in the first instance 
rests upon the mayor; and if those 
conditions exist men who are there 
under 'those circumstances, not per- 
forming their duties, should be re- 
moved and somebody placed there 
who will perform their duties, and I 
think it is our duty to call attention 
to those conditions, so that they may 
be investigated. 

Billboard Nuisance 
"There is another matter with re- 
spect to billboards that has been 
urged upon this council time and time 
again. The newspapers are full of it 
n i i 1 1 we have to recognize the fact, as 
hns been said here by the city attor- 
ney, that we can not legally extermi- 
minate these billboards by any direct 
or indirect action. If we undertake 
laying heavy taxes against them for 
that purpose and not merely for the 
raising of revenue we would be vio- 
lating the constitution and undoubt- 
edly the courts would so hold, as they 
have been holding all the time. If 
we should undertake to regulate them 
and it should show on the face of the 



ordinance that the purpose is to ex- 

sult would b 
same. 
"I think mber of this 

ii xious 
everything he can to relieve us 

I ::,'[. 

"l'ut tin hat are us- 

ing their columns for that purpose 
may lie used, and mi .11 , .lively 

used, in my judgment, if they will 
publish the names of the business men 
in this city who are 11111- these bill- 
iboards for advertising purposes and 
the people of the city will let it be 
known that they are not going to pa- 
tronize anybody who does use them. 

"If business men haven't civic pride 
enough to advertise in some other 
way, I think they can be brought to 
terms in some such way as that. I 
would be very glad if some means 
should be resorted to to bring about 
the result, and it is a matter I would 
be very glad to have the council con- 
sider." 

To deal with these questions prop- 
erly a new committee has been creat- 
ed — the Committee of Public Welfare, 



THE MURDERS IN THE RUE 
MORGUE 



Continued from Page 9) 
spring. I pressed it, and, satisfied 
with the discovery, forbore to upraise 
the sash. 

"I now replaced the nail and re- 
garded it attentively. A person pass- 
ing out through this window might 
have reclosed it, and the spring would 
have caught, — but the nail could not 
have been replaced. The conclusion 
was plain and again narrowed in the 
field of my investigations. The 
assassins must have escaped through 
the other window. Supposing, then, 
the springs upon each sash to be the 
same, as was probable, there must be 
found a difference between the nails, 
or at least between the modes of their 
fixture. Getting upon the sacking of 
the bedstead, I looked over the head- 
board minutely at the second case- 
ment. Passing my hand down behind 
the board, I readily discovered and 
pressed the spring, which was, as I 
had supposed, identical in character 
with its neighbor. I now looked at 
the nail. It was as stout as the other, 
and apparently fitted in the same man- 
ner—driven in nearly up to the head. 

"You will say that I was puzzled; 
but, if you think so, you must have 
misunderstood the nature of the in- 
ductions. To use a sporting phrase, 
I had not been once 'at fault.' The 
scent had never for an instant been 
lost. There was no flaw in any link 
of the chain. I had traced the secret 
to its ultimate result, — and that result 
was the nail. It had, I say, in every 
respect, the appearance of its fellow 
in the other window; but this fact 
was an absolute nullity (conclusive as 
it might seem to be) when compared 
with the consideration that here, at 
this point, terminated the clew. 
'There must be something wrong,' I 
said, 'about the nail.' I touched it; 
and the head, with about a quarter of 
an inch of the shank, came off in my 
fingers. The rest of the shank was in 
the gimlet-hole, where it had -been 
broken off. The fracture was an old 
one (for its edges were incrusted with 
rust), and had apparently been accom- 
plished by the blow of a hammer, 
which had partially imbedded, in the 
top of the bottom sash, the head por- 
tion of the nail. I now carefully re- 
placed this head portion of the inden- 
tation whence I had taken it. and the 
resemblance to a perfect nail 
complete, — the fissure was invisible. 
Pressing the spring. I gently raised 
the sash for a few inches: the head 
went up with it. remaining firm in its 
bed. I closed the window, and the 
semblance of the whole nail was again 
perfect. • 

.(To be continued) 



La Follette's and 

Pacific Outlook 



Pacific Outlook has made arrangements with the publishers of La Fol- 
lette's Weekly Magazine to combine subscriptions with this paper. 
Readers of Pacific Outlook know our paper and its policy. 

It stands unqualifiedly, and without fear, for that which it believes to 
be true, clean, honest and right in human affairs — political, secular, com- 
mercial and industrial; and in its columns will always maintain an un- 
prejudiced and impartial attitude in its discussion of all subjects of uni- 
versal or local interest. 

La Follette's Weekly stands for an honest government, administered 
by true representatives' who really represent the people — not special 
interests. 

SUPPOSE you were the owner of valuable property and chose and 
paid servants for stated periods to guard and administer this property 
for you. AND SUPPOSE one of your servants should write you a (per- 
sonal letter each week- telling you the plain truth about your property 
and about some of your servants and how they were squandering and 
giving away your property which you paid them to guard and conserve 
for you. Wouldn't you be willing to pav the postage — 2 cents per 
week — on those letters? 

THIS LETTER IS CALLED 
LA FOLLETTE'S WEEKLY NEWS-MAGAZINE 

It is written under the direction of Sen. Robert M. La Follette, from 
behind the scenes at headquarters each week, and it is a personal letter 
intended for you because you are one of the owners of the United States 
the property of which is being confiscated and given away to moneyed 
interests by some of your public servants. 

THE REGULAR PRICE OF THESE TWO PAPERS IS $1.00 PER 
YEAR, EACH. YOU CAN SECURE THEM TOGETHER FOR 

$1.50 A YEAR 

SEND SUBSCRIPTIONS TO 

PACIFIC OUTLOOK CO. 



837 South Spring Street, 



Los Angeles, Cal. 



:: P) Index to {Business Houses, Professions, Etc. (J- 



ART GLASS AND GLAZING 

CRESCENT ART GLASS CO., 
818 S. Main. F5373; Broadway 25<>, 

APARTMENTS 

THE ST. REGIS, Housekeeping 

237 S. Flower. A7336; Main 2290 

DENTISTS 
DR. WM. D. FLORY, F2844 

455 S. Broadway Rooms 3-4 

DRY GOODS 

VILLE DE PARIS, 10893; Main 893 
317-325 S. Broadway, 314-322 S. Hill 

EXCURSIONS 
BALLOON ROUTE, L. A. Pac. Co. 
Station, Hill St., bet. 4th and 5th. 
10355; Broadway 4000. 

FURNITURE 

BARKER BROS., 413. S. Main St., 
420 S. Spring St. 10265; Main 8900 

HAIR SPECIALISTS 
PROF. GEO. A. GARLOW, Room 
426 citizens' Nat. Bank Bldg., Third 
and Main. 

INVESTMENTS & INSURANCE 
G. G. JOHNSON, 603 H. W. Hellman 
Bldg., Fourth and Spring, A9232; 
Main 1819. ■ 

LAUNDRIES 
ELECTRIC LAUNDRY CO., 
806-14 E. 16th St. B4231 ; So. 580 



MEN'S FURNISHINGS 

HARRIS & FRANK, 
437 13 S. Spring. 10891; Main 9477 

W. HUNTER & CO., 
525 So. Spring. Main 4127 

OFFICES TO RENT 

LISSNER BLDG., 524 S. Spring 

Single rooms as low as $12.50. 

PIANOS AND ORGANS 

GEO J. BIRKEL & CO., Steinwav, 
Kranich and Bach, Cecilian and Vic- 
tor Dealers. 345-47 S. Spring. 

BARTLETT MUSIC CO., 
Autopiano Agents, 231 S. Broadway 

SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA MUSIC 
CO., Chickering & Pianola Agents, 
332-4 S. Broadway. 

REAL ESTATE 

MINES & FARISH, 353 S. Hill St. 
High Class Investments. 

SPORTING GOODS 

WM. H. HOEGEE CO., Inc. 
138-42 S. Main. 10087; Main 8447 

STUDIOS TO RENT 
BLANCHARD HALL. Devoted ex- 
clusively to Music, Art, Science. 233 
S. Broadway; 232 S. Hill. 

STORAGE A*.D MOVING 

BEKINS, 1335 S. Figueroa 

22562 Broadway 3773 

TILES 

PACIFIC TILE & MANTEL CO., 
716-18 S. Spring. ?J HI ; Main 2127 




Los Angeles Pacific Company 

Blectrlc Railway 

The Shortest and Quickest Line between 

Los Angeles and the Ocean 

TO SANTA MONICA, OCEAN PARK, VENICE, REDONDO 
BEACH, SOLDIERS' HOME, SAWTELLE, SHERMAN, HOLLY- 
WOOD AND COLEGROVE. 

Balloon Route Excursions 

One Whole Day for One Dollar 

101 Miles for 100 Cents 

Showing some of California's finest scenery including 36 miles right 

along the ocean. 

A reserved seat for every patron and an Experienced Guide with each 

car. 

The Only Electric Line Excursion Out of Los Angeles 
Going One Way and Returning another 

FREE ATTRACTIONS; AN OCEAN VOYAGE on Wheels— The 
Excursion cars running a full mile into the ocean on LONG WHARF, 
Port Los Angeles; Free admission to the $20,000 AQUARIUM at Ven- 
ice and a free ride on the ROLLER COASTER at Ocean Park. 

Cars leave Hill Street Station, between Fourth and Fifth, LOS AN- 
GELES, at 9:40 A. M. DAILY. 




Nothing Like It Anywhere 



H_ . The Great Scenic Railway Trolley Trip. Most won- 

fjH LdOVOe derful of them all in diversity and beauty of its 

* scenery and scope and variety of its views. Two 

■ = hours from Los Angeles to the crest of the Sierras. 

Other Points of Interest to Tourists: 

Pasadena, San Gabriel Mission, Founded in 1771; Monrovia 
Sierra Madre and Glendale 

Beautiful Seashore Rides embrace Long Beach, San Pedro, Point Fir- 
min, Huntington Beach, Newport and Balboa and Catalina Island. All 
made possible by fast and frequent service with the Big Red Cars from 
Sixth and Main Sts. Terminal, Los Angeles, Cal. 



The Misses Page School for Girls 

243 WEST ADAMS STREET 

Home Phone 21202 

Sunset South 3539 
Amid ideal surroundings and directed by competent teachers the 
girls of this School make rapid progress._ In addition to the regular 
school studies they are taught vocal and instrumental music, drawing 
and painting, and physical culture. Ample facilities are afforded for 
recreation and the girls' home training and moral welfare is attended 
to in a manner to bring out the sweet and beautiful in character, so 
essential to true womanhood. 

A School for Boys 

Under the same management, located at 137 West Adams Street. 
Telephone Home 21203. The boys receive military instruction, Cap- 
tain Robert T. Gibbs being commandant. 

This is a splendid home for boys and also a well regulated school- 
home where the character training of the boy is given the importance 
it deserves. The proverb "Train up the child in the way he should 
go; and when he is old he will not depart- from it," i^ exemplified at 
this school. Boys here are taught manliness, obedience, punctuality, 
industry and learning in a way fitting them suitably as foundation 
stones for life's progress. Boys of any age after 5 years admitted. 
Each boy is held to be an individual. Not_ being held back by class 
restrictions his progress is rapid and certain. 

Call, Telephone or Write for Catalogue. p Dp Us admitted at any time. 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



Vol. VIII. Mo. 6, 



Los Jfngeles, California, February 5, 1910 



5 Cents— $1.00 a Year 



NAUGHTY MUCK-RAKERS 



iking to a convention of publishers, 

lent Taft complains sorrowfully of the 

"muckrakers" who are still given space in 

ines and weeklies to ply their cruel 

art to the great discomfiture — so he says — 

he poor devil in office who is trying to 

do something." 

It seems that in spite of all the warnings 
and protests of the stand-pat and reaction- 
ary press, the muckraking business is just 
as active as ever. Indeed, on running 
through the magazines, one is forced to a 
conclusion that it has gained rather than 
lost during the four or five years it has 
been under fire. Here is "Collier's" de- 
nouncing Ballinger and the land pirates to 
an extent that actually forces an investiga- 
tion by Congress. Here is "McClure's" ex- 
posing the white slave traffic and upsetting 
Tammany's calculations in New York City. 
Here is "Everybody's" showing up the 
Payne tariff in such simple language that 
anyone can understand it except the rank 
partisan who never really understands any- 
thing. Here is the "American" telling the 
sorrowful truth about Taft himself, and, not 
content with making trouble at home, has 
actually gone over into Mexico to expose 
the slavery that exists there with govern- 
ment patronage. Then there is "Hampton's" 
which is talking plain English about rail- 
way conditions, the "Cosmopolitan" that 
gives the inside of the atrocious misdeeds of 
the Sugar Trust, the "Survey" which re- 
cently laid Pittsburg bare to an astonished 
nation, and so forth. The list is too long to 
attempt to give it in full. 

To be sure, none of these performances 
are "muckraking" in the sense that the word 
was used by the great moralist that wrote 
Pilgrim's Progress. "Muckraking" to him 
meant digging into dirt merely for the plea- 
sure of it, not for the purpose of cleaning 
things up and correcting the evil that the 
muck causes. 

When you find a man declaiming against 
"muckraking," however, you generally find 
the root of his objection in the fear that it 
will hurt business or will get in the way 
of some project in which he is- interested. 
He affects to be greatly shocked and hor- 
rified that such dreadful subjects are laid 
before the public for discussion; but he is 
entirely calm over the disgusting personal 
scandals that his newspaper prints for the 
sole purpose of making a profit off the sen- 
sation. To publish the details of a filthy 
divorce suit is not muckraking — that is 
merely enterprise; but to show up the in- 
iquities of the sugar trust and its robbery 
of the government of over a million in cus- 
toms duties — why that's muckraking and is 
most deplorable. 

Curious, isn't il. that although we are told 
over and over again by the machine and re- 
actionary organs that the public is tired of 
this exposure business, these "attacks" on 
prominent people and vested interests, yet 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 

Published Every Saturday 

837 South Spring St. 

Los Angeles, California, 

by the 

PACIFIC OUTLOOK COMPANY 
Subscription price $1.00 a year in advance. 
Single copies 5 cents at all news stands. 

A. M. DUNN, Manager 
C. D. WILLARD Editorial Contributor 

NOTICE TO SUBSCRIBERS— The Pacific Out- 
look is mailed to subscribers through the Los 
Angeles Post Office every Friday, and should 
be delivered in every part of the city by Satur- 
day's post. If for any reason it should be de- 
layed, or be delivered in poor condition, sub- 
scribers will confer a favor upon the publishers 
by giving them immediate notice. 

Entered ai accond-claBS matter April 5, 1907, at the poatomce at 
Lot Angeles , California, under the act of Congreii of M arch 1, 1879. 

the magazines that indulge in that pursuit 
constantly increase in circulation and in- 
fluence, while the old conservative publica- 
tions, those that publish alleged "literary" 
stories and articles on the jewel workers of 
Sardinia or the renaissance of Danish art 
in the 14th century are distinctly on the 
wane. 

Yes, Mr. Taft, we all of us sympathize 
with the "poor devil in office that is trying 
to do something," and for that very reason 
we want the truth told about the rich devil 
not in office who controls him. The people 
of this country are getting their eyes op- 
ened, and their ears. The good old talk 
about our magnificent nation — grandest on 
earth — from where the Atlantic, etc., to 
where the Pacific, etc. — won't do any more. 
Also the hot air about loyalty to our grand 
old party, the inestimable blessings of a 
high tariff, down with the trusts, etc., etc., 
all shoot wide of the mark. What the peo- 
ple desire to know is : Who owns our Sen- 
ators, We or the Interests? Is our Congress 
a deliberative body or is it Cannon and 
Aldrich? Why do the big grafters all go 
free? Who is getting away with all our 
natural resources? What is the effect of a 
special interest tariff on the cost of living? 
And a hundred more questions like those 
that go to the root of things — questions for 
which campaign boasting, partisan abuse 
and epithets of "socialist" and "muckraker" 
will not longer serve as answers. 

DEVIL'S WORK 



Not only is the Evil One able to find 
plenty for idle hands to do, but he manages 
also to provide serviceable employment for 
some of the busybodies of the community. 
What diabolical impulse prompts a news- 
paper that might find a thousand profitable 
lines for its activities, to use its space for 
the dissemination of ideas that will do no- 
body any good and thousands of innocent 
people a vast amount of injury? 

Here, for example, was the case of a wom- 



an who in order to gain a little newspaper 
notoriety pretended to have given birth to 
quadruplets — four children at one time. The 
story was legitimate news and the fool 
woman who got up the hoax no doubt de- 
served exposure. But in order to heighten 
the effect of sensation, the Times, which is 
far and away the most sensational as well 
as the most obscene paper on the Pacific 
Coast, works in a yarn that the trick of 
false motherhood is very common in this 
city, and that "it is estimated" that there 
are over 300 trusting husbands in Los An- 
geles who have been deceived by their 
wives in the substitution of false offspring 
where no birth had taken place. Not con- 
tent with parading this ridiculous and dis- 
gusting statement through a column or two 
of reporter rhetoric, the paper fakes up the 
next day for its first page a "special dis- 
patch" from Chicago ( !) that a similar state 
of things prevails there, where it is esti- 
mated that at least 3000 husbands, especial- 
ly traveling men whose business calls them 
away from the city, had been deceived by 
their wives with false offspring, and that 
they believed themselves to 'be bona fide 
fathers, whereas it was somebody else's 
child that they were fondling. 

Who can be benefited by the publication 
of such unspeakable rot as that? Nobody. 
< In the other hand, it is easy to see where it 
can do a large amount of injury. By an 
unhappy provision of nature three charac- 
teristics go together: suspicion, credulity 
and ignorance. 

It is the ignorant man that is usually the 
most suspicious, and the suspicious one is 
the most credulous. Some such fool thing 
as that story, fastening itself in the shallow 
brain of one credulous enough to accept it 
might eventuate in an inconceivable amount 
of domestic sorrow; it might even drag its 
slimy way into the divorce court. 

A man might step into a crowded thor- 
oughfare and empty a revolver where the 
gathering was most dense, and not do a 
fraction of the harm that could be done by 
this preposterous story. 

Some time ago this same paper put forth 
a hideous yarn about a man afflicted witli 
leprosy who had for some' months been 
selling candy of his own making to the pu- 
pils of a certain public school. It declared 
that every child who had bought that candy 
was in danger, and that it might be years 
before this disease should show. Can any- 
one imagine a more diabolical suggestion 
than that to throw out among the parents 
of those children? 

If Satan came on earth and published a 
daily paper, isn't this just the kind of stuff 
he would give us? 

* * * 

A BAS BILLBOARDS! 



The billboard question is complicated or 
simple according to whether it is con- 
sidered on its le"al or commercial side. 

According to law we shall never get rid 



, 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



of the billboard; according to commerce 
we can dispose of it in short order if the 
people can be educated to a point where 
they really care. 

Human law began with a recognition of 
the rights of property. That a man shall 
he allowed to do as he chooses with his 
own is the beginning and the end of our 
scheme of things. The owner of a piece 
of land may use it as he sees fit, provided 
his use does not injure his neighbor. True, 
the scope of this latter exception has wid- 
ened with the development of the com- 
munal idea; but it may take half a cen- 
tury or longer to bring our courts to the 
point of recognizing an offense to the eye 
as an injury. It is possible to regulate bill- 
boards as to height — for the safety of 
passers-by — as to material used — when that 
can be shown to touch the issue of fire risk 
— as to cleanliness, and as to the decency of 
pictures and printed matter in the posters ; 
but there is no process of law by which they 
can be actually abolished. Laws requiring 
the signature of adjoining property owners 
are of doubtful constitutionality, and so also 
are laws that fix license taxes high enough 
actually to limit the extension of the busi- 
ness. 

But While the. law is obj urate, while it is 
slow of action, intensely conservative, and 
tenacious of the right of the individual in 
his property, .business, on the other hand, 
is mercurial, timid, quick in action and eas- 
ily thrown off its balance. 

Nothing is more responsive to public sen- 
timent than the advertising game. Nobody 
is so anxious to please the public as the 
advertiser. He pays a high price for space 
where he can catch the public's eye; he 
hires clever writers to put his message in 
a few cogent words ; and he employs good 
artists to do pictures that will amuse and 
interest and surprise. 

Now if some miracle could be performed 
by which every advertiser in this country 
suddenly became convinced that the public 
would be displeased at him if he put his 
message on a billboard, he would instantly 
cancel all his contracts, and this diabolical 
nuisance would promptly come to an end. 
But no such miracle can be performed. 

The sentiment of the thinking, reading 
portion of our people is thoroughly against 
the billboard. These people deeply resent 
its destruction of our country scenery, and 
they hate it for its interference with the 
pleasing outlook of well-kept city streets. 
But this sentiment is not organized and 
hence ineffective. Furthermore, it has never 
been concentrated to a definite practical pur- 
pose. In most cities the attack on bill- 
boards has been chiefly limited to the de- 
mand of some civic committee that the 
council should "abolish" billboards. It 
might as well ask council to abolish the 
north wind. Or perhaps some woman's or- 
ganization of a. particular neighborhood se- 
cures- the removal of one set of billboards 
from some prominent residence corner by 
fussing about it until the billboard com- 
pany takes it out to keep the peace. This 
is about like treating a case of measles by 
poulticing just one measle. 

The newspapers and other publications of 
this country — who, by the way, would be 
large beneficiaries by the abolition of bill- 
boarding (and that is another story worth 
telling) could put an end to it by a persis- 
tent crusade of a year or so. First they 
should make the people feel that they are 
injured by the ruin of scenery and the des- 



ecration of civic beauty. To educate the 
public takes time and hard work — but it 
can be done. Then there should be organi- 
zations — thousands of them — all over the 
country devoted to the purpose of doing 
away with the billboard. The fact should 
be brought home to everybody that the one 
and only way to get rid of this nuisance is 
to quit patronizing the people that adver- 
tise by this method. 

A boycott? Not at all. If we start a 
movement against patronizing Smith & 
Jones because they use' billboards, that is a 
boycott and we are liable for action for 
damages ; but if we choose to say that no 
advertiser who ruins scenery gets our cus- 
. torn that is a generalization to which no one 
can take exception. It is not a boycott but 
a crusade. 

If, for example, the Biennial of the Wom- 
en's Clubs were to pass a resolution urging 
every club in the organization, several thou- 
sand in number, to call on their members, 
nearly a million women, to avoid patroniz- 
ing firms that destroy scenic beauty by bill- 
boards, and if this action were made known 
all over the country, and particularly if the 
officers of each club sent notice of its action 
to all local advertisers using billboards, that 
one thing alone would cut the business off 
one-third. And if the leading magazines 
and weeklies of the country and some of the 
great newspapers would take up the cru- 
sade and keep standing the shibboleth: 
"Don't buy articles advertised on billboards 
that destroy scenic beauty," a few years of 
that would put a complete stop to the nui- 
sance. 

But as yet we are not enough in earnest. 

Work like that now being done by the 
"Evening Express" helps to bring the issue 
home to the people and strengthens public 
sentiment for the fight that must finally be 
waged all over the country. 
* + + 
THE ENGLISH SITUATION 



preferred not to go on record as voting for 
the budget — yet they favored it. Now they 
return a little diminished in number, as the 
Conservatives gained several seats in Ire- 
land, and the question is: Will they a up- 
port the budget now when they have in 
effect, the casting vote. We believe that 
they will. Just as the campaign opened, 
Premier Asquith issued a bold declaration 
in favor of home rule for Ireland, and gave 
that out as one of the chief issues. It cost 
the Liberals many votes in England and 
Scotland, but was undoubtedly done for a 
purpose, and as a result of some sort of an 
understanding. 

If the budget passes Commons with the 
combined votes of Liberals, Laborites and 
Nationalists, its majority wii' be so great 
that, the Lords will probably 3 ield. To do 
anything else now would produce confusion. 
It is not the first year's operation of the 
budget that worries the land owners. That 
is chiefly devoted to getting statistics. They 
may waive the first year in the hope of kill- 
ing the new system of taxation later. 

It does not seem probable on the face of 
the returns that the Liberals will be able to 
carry out their threat of killing the veto 
power of the Lords nor of making good on 
any of the other reforms they had under- 
taken to enforce. However, the budget has 
been the chief point of interest for Ameri- 
cans ; and although it has still a rocky and 
dangerous road to traverse, the chances are 
now strongly in its favor. 
<• * * 

AN OPPOSITION 1 PARTY 



It may take some time to get order out 
of the chaos in which the elections have left 
British politics, and the reader will do well 
to receive with caution any statements that 
come through the dispatches during the 
next week or ten days, as the conclusions 
presented are largely mere opinion — and. in 
that country, as in this, politics warps the 
views of individuals far out of true. 

While the Liberals are in shape to organ- 
ize — with the aid of Nationalists and Labor- 
ites — and while the coalition will have a 
good working majority, the two minor fac- 
tions have purposes in view that are certain 
to conflict, sooner or later, with the policy 
of the Liberals. Because of their position 
as minority parties, and because they are in 
Parliament for specific rather than general 
interests, these factions are likely to work 
in harmony with one another and their de- 
mands will probably be made in common. 
The result of that will be to make them 
bold and exacting. If their first demands 
are granted, they are likely to ask more 
and more. Thus it is the general belief in 
England that the new Liberal government 
will be short-lived. 

It will be remembered that on the final 
passage of the budget through Commons, 
the Irish Nationalists to the number of 90, 
refrained from voting. Their leader, how- 
ever, explained that if their votes had been 
necessary to its passage they would have 
supported the measure. As it puts addi- 
tional taxes on whiskey and tobacco, they 



An esteemed correspondent, who reads 
these columns regularly, writes to take vig- 
orous exception to our reference to the pres- 
ent Democratic party as a mere "joke." 
"That kind of talk reads like the Times," 
he says in his letter, "not like the Pacific 
Outlook that we admire and respect." 

Whether our correspondent is justified in 
his criticism or not, he has managed to put 
it in the form that would be most effective 
if his purpose was to hurt our feelings. 
Won't he please next time just call us liars 
and scoundrels and let it go at that? 

If there still remain among us any num- 
ber of sincere, intelligent, patriotic people 
who believe that the Democratic party has 
a future as a national political organization 
— and our correspondent thinks that there 
are — then we withdraw the word "joke" as 
going too far, and substitute the more Par- 
liamentary expression : "A very doubtful 
quantity." 

But consider the record as it stands. In 
fifty years, 1860-1910, the Democratic party 
has had just one president, and he. in his 
second term was officially repudiated by the 
party. If you ask the Bryan Democrats — 
and they are a vast majority in the party 
— about Cleveland, they will tell you he was 
a traitor, and is not to be charged against 
them. On that view of it, the Democrats 
ha.ve elected no president at all in these 50 
years. , 

In that same period only twice has the 
Democratic party had control of Congress, 
and then only for one term. Only once — 
for two years — did it have all three branches 
of the administration — President, Senate 
and House ; and then it was unable to put 
through any genuine Democratic legislation. 
The "Interests" controlled enough Demo- 
cratic Senators to make the Wilson tariff 
measure a farce, as far as carrying out the 
party's pledges were concerned; and Mr. 
Cleveland refused to put his name to it. In 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



O's and 80s the Democrats occasion- 
the lower house, but in the last 
lias not even had a look-in at the 
natlOl this record should 

be added the probable election of Mr. Til- 
den, although he was never president, and 
farther away from the Bryan point of 
view even than Cleveland was. 

political party can exist indefinitely 
upon hope, and that is about all that iias 
fallen to the lot of this organization in half 
a century. Here and there it holds an oc- 
tal governorship or the mayoralty of 
u city. But as a practical, effec- 
tive force in national affairs it simply does 
not exist, in the sense that the Conservative 
party exists when the Liberals are out of 
■ in l r .n land, or the Whigs when the 
re out before the War. 

There still remains the matter of prin- 
ciple. If the Democratic party represented 
some great distinctive issue — as the Pro- 
hibitionist and the Socialist parties do — it 
might live on indefinitely and with a certain 
degree ai dignity ; but in these 50 years we 
have seen it box the compass of political 
dogma. It has been for hard money — and 
soft — and silver. It has been for tariff re- 
form — and has fallen down when the time 
came. It has been strong on anti-imperial- 
ism (whatever that means), it has favored 
guaranteeing bank deposits, it has thun- 
dered against the trusts, and has found fault 
with whatever the Republicans did — but 
where and what is the great central princi- 
ple on which a party can be built and to 
which it can cling even through a half cen- 
tury of exile from power? 

All this is said in no spirit of partisan 
opposition, for the writer, it happens, began 
as an ardent Democrat and voted three 
times (at four year intervals) for Grover 
Cleveland. 

Never in its whole history did the coun- 
try need an opposition party more than it 
does today, with the real leadership of the 
Republican party in the hands of men like 
Cannon and Aldrich, who merely represent 
special interests; and never was the Demo- 
cratic party weaker and in worse order. 

That there still remains within this or- 
ganization a body of honest, sincere, loyal 
men, who in spite of all evidence to the 
contrary believe that the party can yet be 
regenerated and made effective, is the one 
bright spot in this dark chapter. But while 
we all hope for the best we cannot close 
our eyes to the plain facts. 
* * * 

POLICE POLITICS 



The local Hearst paper, the Examiner of 
Los Angeles .via New York, is always on 
the look-out for a chance to injure the Good 
Government cause. It lacked the courage 
and the character openly to support the ma- 
chine candidates in the late campaign, and 
strove to create the impression that it .was 
perched high up on the fence where it could 
look down on our little provincial affairs 
with dignity and condescension. But it 
could not refrain from casting a rock occa- 
sionally where it thought the most damage 
could be done. 

Since the new administration went into 
office it has been waiting its chance to get 
in one of its sly digs — "sly, dev'lish sly" — 
as J. Ragstock would say. The removal of 
an unsatisfactory chief of police gave the 
desired opportunity. Largely because of 
their personal regard for the chief, the 
Commissioners refrained from giving a rea- 



son for the removal, although the reason 
was perfectly well understood by all 

In this 
elieve the Commissioners made a mis- 
take. At the time of the removal they 
should have frankly and fully explained to 
the public just wherein Mr. Dishman had 
failed to make good. Nevertheless, we un- 
derstand very well why they hated to do 
this. 

But the Examiner performing for Mr. 

Dishman the part of a [ool friend, and lining 
its best to injure the administration, pub- 
lished a faked interview with the ex-chief, 
in which he was made to say that he bad 
been approached by some one representing 
the Good Government organization who as 
sured him that if he would only agree to 
"do politics" for that side his place would 
remain secure for him. Mr. Dishman 
promptly repudiated the interview and de- 
clared that no such proposition had been 
made to him. But both the Examiner and 
the regular machine organ, the Times, have 
constantly reiterated the statement that the 
cause of Dishman's removal was that he 
"would not do Good Government politics." 

We have heretofore set forth in these 
columns our theory of what constitutes "do- 
ing Good Government politics" by an office- 
holder, and in the light of that theory there 
is considerable truth in this explanation of 
Dishman's removal. The way the Good 
Government organization expects its people 
to do politics when in office is by attention 
to business, by doing their duty without 
fear or favor, by striving for the city's best 
interests and, in short, by making good. 
That, too, seems to be our opponent's idea 
of our way of doing politics, for during 
Mayor Alexander's short preliminary ad- 
ministration, every time he headed off some 
piece of folly by council, or saved the city 
money, or showed in some striking way 
efficiency and devotion to duty, the reaction- 
ary press raised a great outcry about the 
Mayor "doing politics." 

Yes ; in that sense Ex-Chief Dishman 
"failed to do politics for Good Government," 
and for that reason was relieved. The in- 
stant he is out, Parker, the machine leader, 
telegraphs to Senator Flint asking that a 
place be made for Dishman, and a place is 
straightway provided .under the new post- 
master. Thus does the machine take care 
of its friends. We do not question that 
Dishman will make a good assistant post- 
master; but he was not the man the city 
needed at the head of the police department. 
We note this with regret, for at the time of 
his appointment we were hopeful that in 
spite of his unfortunate affiliations he would 
reorganize the department and bring it up 
to standard. Perhaps he did his best; but 
the results were not what we :iad expected. 
* •> + 

THE LOAN SHARK EVIL 



If Fire Commissioner Hawley or anyone 
else has a practical method for doing away 
with the loan shark of the city hall, he 
should receive the heartiest kind of backing, 
and be allowed full scope to work out his 
plan. 

Here is an evil to which public sentiment 
has been for a long time thoroughly aroused. 
It has no defenders that venture to come 
out in the open. It has been denounced, 
time out of mind by the public press and 
by the civic bodies; yet it goes on. as in- 
evitable apparently as the rising of the sun. 

It was one of the things Mr. Mushet was 



"going" to do— abolish the loan shark 
i ■ i his administration the 
orse, if anything, than it was at the 

begin: 

n >hark business, as applied to 
cit) employes, has its basis in three things, 
two of which can be reformed, and the 
other is irremediable. These are: I. \\ rong 
system of payments. II. Bad political con- 
ditions. 111. Shiftlessness of the employes. 

I. The city pays by the month and it 
pays at the city ball. If ii ] aid b\ the week 
en the job, as most contractors pay, there 
would be vastly less inducement for the op- 
erations of the loan shark. In the recon- 
struction of the city charter, provision 
should be made for a paymaster and for a 
system of paying off that is simpler and 
more direct than the one at present in use. 

H. The firm of Arnold & Donatin that 
handles 90 per cent of the city hall loan 
business contains two of the best machine 
Republican workers in the city. For years 
their influence has been great with the 
council, and they have found jobs for hun- 
dreds, perhaps it would be no exaggeration 
to say thousands of men. Rightly or 
wrongly the idea prevails among many of 
these men that to be sure of keeping the 
job thus provided they should discount their 
warrants through this firm. This matter 
las been investigated by various grand 
juries. Men could be found in plenty who 
would say they discounted because they 
thought it the best thing to do, but none 
to testify that the firm had made it a con- 
dition of getting the job. 

Of course, it need not be explained to the 
reader that these conditions have come to 
an end, that the firm of Arnold & Donatin 
has no influence with the present adminis- 
tration. It will be a long time, however, 
before day laborers and subordinate em- 
ployes working for a small wage come to 
understand the change. 

III. As long as men are shiftless and im- 
provident there will be loan sharks and they 
will get their ten per cent a month, which 
is only another way of saying that the evil 
is not one that can be abolished but at .best 
merely reduced to a minimum. 

If, however, the two chief contributing 
causes are removed, as noted above, the city 
can clear itself of all responsibility in the 
matter. If it cannot put the loan shark out 
of business, it can at least cease to make 
business for him. 



PRESS COMMENT 

Governor Harmon favors an income tax, 
but says nothing about providing any in- 
comes. — Richmond Times-Dispatch. 



Pictures of the hookworm prove that Mr. 
Rockefeller has managed to discover some- 
thing that looks worse than an octopus. — 
Washington Star. 



Compelling the Congressional Record to 
pay postage at the rate of one cent a ton 
would also add considerably to the post- 
office receipts. — Toledo Blade. 



Government reports show that the banks 
are full of monev. We knew it must be 
somewhere. — Pittsburg Chronicle-Tele- 
graph. 



After recommending an increase of pos- 
tage on magazines, en Mr. Taft ever ex- 
pect a dollar a word? — Wall Street Jour- 
nal. 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 




l 7T HE DATA for this department is sup- 
^" plied from the statistical bureau of the 
Municipal League of Los Angeles, but 
neither that organization nor any other has 
any control over, or is in any way respon- 
sible for, the general policy of PACIFIC 
OUTLOOK. 



William Allen White's Home: Emporia, 
Kansas, is about to vote on the change to a 
commission system of city government. 

* * * 

City Gets Percentage: The town of Sioux 
City, Iowa, gets two per cent of the gross 
receipts of the gas company. Last year this 
amounted to $3^301.60. 

* * * 

Fumigating Street Cars: The Peoria, Il- 
linois, Board of Health traced a number of 
cases of contagious diseases to street cars, 
and an ordinance has been passed requiring 
the company to fumigate its cars at inter- 
vals and to take out the plush cushions. 

* * * 

Water Plant Pays: The report of the ex- 
pert employed by the city of Newcastle, In- 
diana, to go over its books shows that the 
municipal water system is earning 100 per 
cent on the investment. It would seem 
that Newcastle is one place where water 
rates might be cut to advantage. 

* * * 

Cheap Gas in Kansas : The franchise of 
the gas company of Burlington, Kansas, is 
about to expire and the stockholders have 
served notice on the city council that unless 
they are allowed to raise the price from 25 
cents, which they are charging at present, 
to 35 cents which they say will pay a divi- 
dend, they will dismantle the plant. 

•S* V V 

Six-for-a-Quarter Rides: The City Coun- 
cil of Minneopolis passed an ordinance re- 
quiring the street car companies to sell, six 
tickets for a quarter, in spite of the fact that 
its franchise, which runs until 1923, allows 
a five cent fare. The case went up to the 
Supreme Court of the United States which 
has recently held that the ordinance is in- 
valid. , 

* ♦ ' ♦ 

On a Cash Basis: Hutchinson, Kansas, is 
one of the new commission cities. Under 
the law a city is not allowed to spend money 
unless it has the required sum in cash ac- 
tually in hand. In the past Hutchinson has 
never lived up to this law, but under the 
commission system it has been able to get 
its affairs in such shape that it begins the 
year with ample cash in each and every fund 
and will hereafter eschew credit. 

* - ♦ • 

Even in Virginia: Everywhere the cities 
are demanding home rule and practical 
methods of city government. Virginia is 
one of the most conservative states of the 
Union, but recently a convention of repre- 
sentatives from the cities of that ancient 
commonwealth demanded that the legisla- 
ture present an amendment to the constitu- 
tion that would give cities the right to 
make their own charters, and would relieve 
them from the necessity of electing their 
councils by wards and would admit of their 



adopting the commission form of govern- 
ment. 

<• * * 

An Efficiency Commission: Chicago has 
appropriated $25,000 for a commission which 
is to co-operate with the Civil Service peo- 
ple and the various departments to secure 
efficiency in the public service. This means 
weeding out drones and supernumeraries 
and getting results from the money ex- 
pended. It is estimated that such a com- 
mission can save the city $300,000 a year. 
This sort of thing is what the Times calls 
"Doing Goo-Goo politics." 

* * * 

Cost of Answering Alarms : For some 
time the practice has prevailed in Chatta- 
nooga of sending a fire apparatus out into 
the suburbs surrounding that city whenever 
the owner of the property in hazard agreed 
to pay $25 for the accommodation. But this 
has been discontinued, as the Department 
finds that the cost of answering an alarm, 
even if there is no work to be done, consid- 
erably exceeds $25. The suburbs are now 
planning to have an automobile engine of 
their own. 

* * * 

New York City's Water Enterprise: What 
is characterized by the Municipal Journal 
as the world's greatest water project has 
been under way in the Catskills for several 
years and will reach New York City with 
500 million gallons of water a day about five 
years hence. The system embraces ninety 
miles of aqueducts and tunnels and is es- 
timated to cost $162,000,000. The water 
will come into New York under a head that 
will carry it to the top of 20 story buildings, 
instead of five or six stories as at present. 
The chief engineer of the project is J. Waldo 
Smith. 

* * * 

Renaming Chicago Streets : A plan is un- 
der consideration by the authorities of Chi- 
cago for renaming about half the streets of 
that city. If it is adopted, as it seems likely 
to be, great numbers of old historic titles 
will go by the board and numbers take their 
place. All east and west throughfares are 
to be called avenues and all north and south 
to be called streets. As Chicago is laid out 
on the checker-board system, it would be 
possible to know by the number of the 
house and by the number of the street and 
avenue just where any place is located. In 
considering present conditions it was found 
that there are seven thoroughfares named 
Lake and the same number each for the 
names Park, Jackson and Grove. Near!)' 
100 names are triplicated and nearly 500 
duplicated. 

* <• + 

Study of Billboards: The Civic League of 
St. Louis through its Billboards Committee 
has done a notable piece of work in prepar- 
ing in pamphlet form a study of the entire 
billboard question in its legal, commercial 
and esthetic aspects. To be sure the re- 
port of the committee primarily relates to 
St. Louis, but most of the conclusions will 
apply to other cities just as well. The 
pamphlet is illustrated, contains about 40 
pages and is by far the best and most thor- 
oughly up-to-date presentation of the bill- 
board subject that we have seen. Copies 



of it could be had, no doubt, by applying to 
the Civic League of St. Louis. Some facts 
taken from this pamphlet will be of interest 
to Los Angeles readers : St. Louis has about 
1,500,000 square feet of billboard surface in 
use. This space is occupied by 293 adver- 
tisers. About ten per cent is given to liquor 
and the same to tobacco and to the theatres. 
Breakfast foods come in for seven per cent 
and railroads for three per cent. Only one 
bank advertised by this method and the 
department stores used less than one-fourth 
of one per cent. Prices paid to property 
owners varied from 25 cents to five or six 
dollars a front foot per annum. In some 
cases the income to the property owner ex- 
ceeds what he would get out of a one-story 
building — and yet the billboard pays no 
taxes. The space is sold by the companies 
to advertisers at from ten cents per month 
per lineal foot to one dollar per lineal foot. 
The total gross income to the taxpayers is 
estimated at $450,000 per annum. An an- 
nual tax of 3 cents a square foot would yield 
$40,000 a year. The committee concludes 
with the advice that billboards be reached 



An Exceptional 
Special Sale 

Feb. 7th to 12th 

Of Interest to All Who 
Have Mission Homes 

Monday morning, February 7th, we shall 
begin a one week sale of the famous L. &J. 
G. Stickley make of Fumed Oak Furniture, 
including the entire assortment of chairs, 
rockers, tables, stands, davenports, settees, 
and other articles for living and dining room, 
library, den, and similar uses, at the very 
unusual 

Reduction of 15 to 
25 Per Cent 

Purely an advertising feature, for the bene- 
fit of the many new-comers to Los Angeles, 
who have in the past few weeks arrived in 
such large numbers to take up their homes 
in this city. This special sale will afford a 
special inducement to become acquainted 
with our splendid new store and great stock, 
and will afford an opportunity to secure the 
finest of all Mission furniture and the furni- 
ture that is most in demand for California 
homes, at a price that is quite out of the 
ordinary. It is an opportunity that will be 
no less welcome to all others who may have 
similar needs. 




Household and Office Furnishings 

724 to 732 So. Broadway 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



J 



'trough leg which at best is 

ive, but by public sentiment 

ng the ad\> hat ruin 

♦ + + 

Sinking Fund Surplus the city 

ippre- 
lume of work .'mil worry 

ived by the system we use for paying 
mess as contrasted with 
the plan in vogue in eastern cities. \\ hen 
we b 0,000, for example, under a 

;i. we take up $10,000 worth 
of the ich year, thus closing up the 

transact!' n as we go along. But under the 
old-fashioned sinking fund system, which 
still prevails in most eastern cities, and 
which is difficult to change owing to its con- 
nection with city charter, state law and 
often with state constitution, the city must 

side its Sl0,000 each year until the end 
of the period when the entire issue is re- 
duced at once. Of course the money thus 
raid aside must he invested to bring inter- 

ind where the law does not prohibit 
the practice the bonds are re-purchased. 
Usually, however, tie money is laid out in 
bonds of a substantial sort and the struggle 
is to make the interest earned equal the in- 
terest paid on the, same sums. Up to 1880 
there were many scandals in the making 
away of sinking funds by rascally city offi- 
cer^ or their use for speculation. Most 
states now have rigid laws covering the 
methods of investment. There are commis- 
ity officers to make the loans, and 
everything is laid before the public. But 
at best it makes a great deal of work and 

v. The city of Baltimore is now con- 
sidering charter changes which will allow 
it to adopt what they designate there as 
the "Los Angeles method," although it is 
characteristic of Pacific Coast cities gener- 
ally. 

♦ * * 

Warning on Finances: The city auditor 
very wisely calls attention of the new coun- 
cil to had conditions in which the funds 
were left by the old council and suggests 
the need for the utmost economy to pull the 
city through the next six months. In order 
more effectively to cover its tracks just as 
it went out of office the old council had the 
help of the morning machine organ in a 
great exploitation of a large surplus they 
were supposed to leave in the treasury. We 
called attention at the time to the fact that 
this surplus was nothing but a bluff, a piece 
of fancy bookkeeping — green goods that 
made a good showing but could not be used 
to pay bills with. Out of next summer's 
dry months' reserve fund the last council 
transferred $100,000 and threw it into the 
depleted and exhausted contingent or emer- 
gency fund. That was easy. Any six-year- 
old boy could have done it. But did they 
thereby create $100,000 to take the place of 
what they had frittered away? Well, hard- 
ly. The contingent, or emergency fund pro- 
vided in the budget which was intended to 
last through the year was all gone — every 
cent of it — January first, when the bluffers 
went out of office — gone in spite of the pro- 
tests of Wallace and Wren. And that was 
not the worst of it. There was even a mort- 
gage carried over, as it were, against any 
future emergency fund that might, be 
gathered in, for at the last moment the old 
council made salary raises amounting to 
$40,000 to $50 000 and authorized other 
forms of expenditure eating up practically 
the whole of the money they had so wonder- 



fully produced — by transference. Tin 
auditor was very fierce against any of the 
departments that drew more than one- 
twelfth of their annual appropriation each 
month, but he was never heard from while 

the City Council got away with the whole 
of its contingent fund in the first six 
months ami even overdrew the account the 
better part of $100,000 in addition to that. 
+ + + 
Checking up in Police Department: At 
this writing no chief of police has yet been 
selected, hut the department is being ably, 
and intelligently handled by Act- 
ing-chief Dixon and the Police Commission, 
In spile of the desperate efforts of the anti- 
administration organs to create demoraliza- 
tion among the men by the publication of 
silly stories and rumors, the men of the 
force recognize the honest purposes of the 
Mayor and tie commission and accept the 
situation with composure and good sense. 
A wise policy has been adopted of shifting 
men about so as to get a new light on some 
unexplored corners of the city. This plan 
is used from time to time in every well or- 
ganized police force and is in effect a sys- 
tem of checking up that every intelligent 
business man will understand and commend. 
The attempt to make out that it is done for 
political reasons does not get very far. The 
people who are connected with the machine 
and who hate this administration will be- 
lieve that or any other yarn the reactionary 
paper gives them, but the general public 
will reserve judgment on these matters. If 
the present administration makes a success 
of running the city government, if it is econ- 
omical and efficient and honest and decent, 
it will be endorsed by the people irrespec- 
tive of any roaring or lying or preposterous 
fault-finding of its opponents. On the other 
hand if things are bungled, or if extremists 
carry reforms too far, or if men with 
crooked schemes manage to worm them- 
selves into places of influence, the adminis- 
tration will fail and will be condemned. 
People that expect miracles to happen and 
people that are suspicious by nature of any- 
body who is exercising authority will be dis- 
satisfied whatever happens — but they are 
not in the majority in this city. The ad- 
ministration starts out with honest, capable 
men in charge all along the line. That they 
will make some mistakes is to he expected : 
that they will please everybody all the time 
is not to be expected ; that the reactionary 
and machine papers will do everything in 
their power to injure, hamper and discredit 
the administration, even if they do the city 
itself harm in the process, is so exactly in 
accord with their previous policy and their 
general character that it will surprise no 
one. For every nasty fling, for every piece 
of misrepresentation, for every snarling 
yelp from that direction, the administration 
has cause to pat itself on the back and 
recognize the tribute to work well and faith- 
fully done for the good of the city. 



It is not Speaker Cannon, personally, who 
is objected to: it is Cannonism, bossism, 
old fogyism, reaction, mossbackism, every- 
thing the Speaker has stood for in public 
life. Incidentally also the people are grow- 
ing wearv of the thought of life service.— 
Des Moines Register and Leader. 



One Shy 

She asked him if he was the photographer. 
1 K -aid he was. 

She asked him if lie took children's pic- 
tures I le said he did. 

She asked him to w h he cha rged, Hi 

said "Four di illars a dozen." 

"Then I'll have to go somewhere else.'' 
she replied; "I only have eleven."— Sui 



Expensive Living 

"An operation will cost you $500." 

"And is it absolutely necessary?" 

"You can't live without it." 

"Say, Doc, the high cost of living can't 
all be blamed on the tariff, can it?" — Phila- 
delphia Ledger. 



Patience — "It takes two to make a quar- 
rel, you know." 

Patrice — "And yet I have known quarrels 
to occur when two persons have been made 
one." — Yonkers Statesman. 



"Pshaw!" exclaimed Miss Yerner, impa- 
tiently, "I'm sure we'll miss the opening 
number. We've waited a good many min- 
utes for that mother of mine." 

"Hours, I should say," Mr. Sloman re- 
torted rather crossly. 

"Ours? O George!" she cried, and laid 
her blushing cheek upon his shirt front. — 
Catholic Standard. 



— <^^«f*^. 



So.BnoAi.WAY • t So. Hill Strkbt 

A. FUSE1VOT CO. 




THE New Models for 
Spring are fast assembl- 
ing. We invite your inspec- 
tion of our 



TADLOIEP MATH 



"V1LLE" Models possess an 
air of chicness that appeals to 
fastidious dressers. 



The Ice Trust has been fined $5,000, which 
will deprive it of profits for a period of fif- 
teen or twenty minutes. — Washington 
Times. 



HIGH CLASS INVESTMENTS 



MINES So FARISH 

REAL ESTATE AGENTS 
353 S.Hill Street 



RESIDENT AND BUSINESS PROPERTIES 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



'Take the Saloon Out of Politics," 
Says Topham 



Police Commissioner Tells City Club 
of Proposed Reforms. 



In a straight-forward, manly 
speech, John Topham told the City 
Club last Saturday some plain truths 
about the saloon question. Mr. Top- 
ham is a member of the Police Com- 
mission and in that capacity has been 
instrumental in securing most of the 
evidence against the brewers who con- 
trol retail liquor licenses. He said 
that there were not seventy-five in- 
dependent saloon dealers in Los An- 
geles, the majority are either owned, 
or under the complete control of the 
breweries. These brewery owners 
dictate to the saloon keeper how, 
when and who he shall vote for, and 
in various ways make the man's life 
a burden, they can demand of their 
hirelings sums of money on little or 
no pretext and with no thought of 
returning it. "These saloon men," 
said he, "have never had a square deal, 
but they are going to get one under 
the present commission, it is our in- 
tention that Los Angeles shall con- 
trol the saloon business, not that the 
saloon business shall control Los An- 
geles. 

"The saloon is at the bottom of 
most of the evils of our city and if it 
became necessary I would be in favor 
of abolishing the saloon." 

The speaker told very frankly of 
the opposition that had developed in 
regard to investigating the liquor evils 
here, citing specific instances and giv- 
ing names of prominent business men 
and firms who had opposed the in- 
quiry because their business interests 



had been affected. Such investiga- 
tions tended to "hurt business" and 
when they went that far should be 
stopped, said they. 

Mr. Topham said that the strong- 
est resistance to the saloon investiga- 
tions came from bankers who held 
notes of saloon keepers, and real es- 
tate men whose property interests, 
would be affected by a 'cleaning up. 
"Banking and real estate circles 
proved, a stone wall in our inquiries, 
and I am more afraid of these inter- 
ests than of the saloon men." 

Touching the question of the police 
department, the speaker said the 
Commission will see that the laws are 
enforced or will have a new depart- 
ment. 

The sooner police officers realize 
that they are paid servants of the 
city, the better it will be for all con- 
cerned, and in this and other ways 
there are many reforms needed in the 
department. One question was that 
of policemen taking merchandise in 
the form of peanuts, liquor, cigars 
and sometimes goods of greater value 
and not paying for them because they 
considered their positions made them 
immune. "We pay our men good 
salaries," said he, "and if they don't 
like the -job they can get another." 
Various other reforms were outlined 
and told of in a manner that left no 
doubt as to the sincerity of the Com- 
missioners in their endeavor to solve 
the questions before them. 

"In our work as Police Commis- 
sioners, to quote John Stuart Mills, 
'we should make it easy for a man 
to do right and hard for him to do 
wrong.' " 



FOR A LAR GER M EMBERSHIP 

LEAGUE OF JUSTICE PLANNING TO INCREASE 
COMMITTEE OF ONE HUNDRED 



The League of Justice has started 
a campaign to increase its Committee 
of One Hundred to a Committee of 
Three Hundred, and is finding a ready 
response among the people in this 
community who believe in Good Gov- 
ernment. The province of the League 
is to investigate conditions in the dif- 
ferent administrative departments of 
city life and to secure the enforce- 
ment of existing laws for the benefit 
of the average citizen. 

A case in point is that of Wil- 
liam Bartee wihio was recently ar- 
rested for violating the traffic ordi- 
nance and 1 who when taken to the 
police station was refused permission 
to telephone for assistance, although 
this is a rule of the police depart- 
ment. Through the efforts of the 
League of Justice an investigation 
was made which led to the reduction 



in rank and subsequent resignation 
of acting Sergeant McKenzie. 

Following is the letter sent out: 

League of Justice 

618-19 O. T. Johnson Bldg. 

Los Angeles 
Los Angeles, Cal., Jan. 31, 1910. 
Dear Sir: — 

Because of your interest in public 
affairs, you have been elected a mem- 
ber of the Committee of Three Hun- 
dred, the governing board of the 
League of Justice. We want every 
man and woman in Los Angeles and 
vicinity who is interested in re-estab- 
lishing justice, to join us and co- 
operate with us in our effort to clean 
out recognized public evils. This can 
be done in two \yays, viz.: by the de- 
tection of the wrong and the prosecu- 
tion of the evil doer; and by an edu- 
cational campaign that will stir up 
our citizens to public duty. ■ The 
League is planning to do both. 

Through the efforts of the Execu- 
tive Committee, it is everywhere 
acknowledged, much illegal voting 



was prevented at the last municipal 
election. Plans for a Municipal Farm 
are practically completed which when 
put in operation, will undoubtedly re- 
sult in great good and will make Los 
Angeles one of the foremost cities of 
the world in criminal reform. A cam- 
paign will be carried on that will go 
into the schools and colleges; inLO 
the clubs of the city, both men's and 
women's; into the churches and 
places of public meeting, to arouse 
and train our people to a higher de- 
gree of civic pride and patriotism. 
These are a few of the things that we 
are at work upon. It is our aim to 
re'Store our community to a condition 
that is fundamentally American. 

Members of this governing board 
are asked to contribute one dollar per 
month to the fighting fund of the 
League. This, will finance the ordi- 
nary running expenses and, together 
with voluntary contributions of those 
interested, will make this organization 
invincible in its fight against graft and 
other evils in our community. If you 
can join with us in this way, kindly 
sign and return the enclosed card so 
that we may have your acceptance on 
file in our office. 

Thanking you in advance for your 
interest and co-operation in this most 
important work, I am, 
Very truly, 
LEAGUE OP JUSTICE, 
Louis A. Handley, Secretary. 

The Constitution of the League of 
Justice as adopted by the National 
body is as follows: 

We, the citizens of the American 
communities, grateful to the Fathers 
for what they wrought in the Dec- 
laration of Independence and the 
Constitution of these United States, 
in order to better preserve and main- 
tain the inestimable rights guaran- 



teed by these charters of ou .Deities 
and ' 3 secure to ourselves justic. tu 
the perpetuation of our Republic, do 
form this Association of citizens, to 
be known as The League of lustice. 
the general purposes of w'hicii jhall 
be: 

To develop and direct the growing 
feeling of revolt against the dangers 
which so long have threatened our 
citizenship, our institutions and the 
Republic itself. These dangers, cul- 
minating in a broadcast violation of 
justice and the organized power of a 
few to control our communities to 
their own selfish ends, challenge the 
spirit of American freedom in every 
honest citizen. Mindful of these ever 
present dangers, this League of Jus- 
tice is organized to plan and carry 
out a campaign, persistent and in- 
exorable, which shall bring the whole 
moral force of the community to- 
gether in aggressive action, see that 
graft shall be eradicated, justice main, 
tained, the American conscience 
aroused, and the citizen freed from 
this servitude to the powers that now 
control or intimidate his action. There 
has been such complacency toward 
graft from both the citizenship and a 



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To early educate the child so that it be- 
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musical culture. To accustom the delicate 
audi maturing hand of a child to the great 
possibilities of a properly constructed piano action, not only facilitates 
correct technique but avoids the necessity of subsequently unlearning 
faults that retard correct advancement. KRANICH & BACH PIANOS 
possess structural features that place them in a class of their own in the 
small group of Strictly High-grade instruments, and it is extremely im- 
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ments be investigated. Come in and let us show you the "Isotonic" 
pedial used in Kranich & Bach Grands, and the "Violyn" plate used in 
the Upright and. Player Pianos. Kranich & Bach' Pianos $475 to $950 
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PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



.-: of the representatives in 

ius municipal and o:\cr de- 

ts of government, ti.at, at 

v i n powerful men w ! o have 

: to public 

have been 

they have been able 

an effective power to im- 

tbemselves, prevent the swift and 
equal administration of the law The 
public mind at times has iailed to ap- 

ite the danger of the evil of ; 
and at times the public conscience 
failed to abhor the respectable mem- 
ber of the community who supports 
or condones these public ofti 
And. because the entrenchment of 
Kraft in any community will inevit- 
ably eventuate in the destruction of 
the civic character, the undermining 
of our institutions, the violation of 
justice and the fall of the Republic. 
we do hereby organize this League of 
Justice. 

The direct work of The League of 
Justice shall be: 

1. To fight graft in every form 

2. To assist those officers who are 
charged with the prosecution of the 
law's violators; to inculcate the prin- 
ciples of justice; to secure an equal 
and effective administration of the 
law, and to arouse the judicial con- 
science to the importance of an inter- 
pretation of laws in accordance with 
a correct living moral attitude toward 
substantial justice. 

3. To assist in the formation of a 
truer public opinion against the graft 
evil, and arouse the American con- 



science to a new and higher standard 
of public virtue and communal mor- 
ality. 

4 To unite the citizenship of our 
community in a forward movement 
which shall direct the strategy of 
good citizenship, as at present the 

.:y oi bad citizenship 
oil; which shall form a reservoir of 
moral power to offset the reservoir 
of money power heretofore so suc- 
I in the defeat of justice and 
good government; to emancipate 
citizenship by arraying it in a revolt 
against the powers ever ready to prey 
upon it. 

5. To plan and carry on an un- 

- n of education and 
propaganda that thereby the present 
generation may the better be enabled 
isfuiiy to maintain justice, se- 
cure victory to honest citizenship and 
cope witli the venal forces of greed; 
to so direct the civic education of the 
coming generation that a new type of 
graft-resistant citizenship may be 
created. 

6. To co-operate with similar as- 
sociations in an effort to fulfill in ev- 
ery community of the Nation the 
purposes herein set forth. 

Any citizen, man or woman, sign- 
ing the fallowing principle of alle- 
giance, becomes thereby a member 
of The League of Justice. 

To war against graft, maintain jus- 
tice, and emancipate our citizenship, 
I hereby unite myself with The 
League of Justice and pledge it my 
personal support. 



CONDITION OF CITY FUNDS 

Report of Finance Committee to City Council 



The following report was presented 
by the Finance Committee to the City 
Council at its meeting last Tuesday; 

We beg to submit herewith for your 
consideration a report from the City 
Auditor in re the condition of funds 
of the various departments as request- 
ed by the Finance Committee, to the 
said Finance Committee: 

January 28th, 1910. 
To the Honorable, 

Finance Committee, 
of the City Council. 
Gentlemen: 

Upon request of the chairman of 
the Finance Committee asking for a 
statement regarding the condition of 
our General Expense Fund, showing 
the amount available in the fund for 
the entire fiscal year 1909-1910 (July 
1st to July 1st), the actual drafts 
against the fund' to date ordered by 
the Council, and the probable de- 
mands of various natures liable to oc- 
cur between this date and July 1st, 
1910, I beg to submit as follows: 

As explained heretofore to some 
members of the Finance Committee, 
the available money in the General 
Expense Fund will require the most 
careful curtailing of extra and con- 
tingent expenses; and even then it is 
doubtful if there will be sufficient 
funds to meet requirements that can 
be pointed - out at this time, to say 
nothing of contingencies that must 
necessarily arise. 

Elections: fDuring the first half of 
this fiscal year the City spent $72,- 
330 for election expenses. There is a 
balance of about $2,670 in the fund. 
To cover the cost of the Annexation 
Election just past, the Bond Election 
in February, and the two anticipated 
Annexation Elections, it will be ne- 
cessary to draw against General Ex- 
pense an estimated amount of about 
$25,000. 

Park Department: Estimated 

amount required from General Ex- 
pense to take care of increase in 



wages not provided for in the budget, 
$8,000. 

Street Sprinkling: Estimated 

amount required from General Ex- 
pense to take care of increase in 
wages and for anticipated purchase of 
oil, not provided for by the budget, 
$7,000. 

Street Sweeping: Estimated amount 
required from 'General Expense to 
take care of increase in wages not 
provided by budget, $15,000. 

Street Department: Estimated 
amount required from General Ex- 
pense to take care of increase in 
wages not provided for in the budget, 
$10,000. 

San Pedro: When San Pedro was 
annexed there was a demand for fire 
protection, police protection, street 
improvements, etc. The San Pedro 
tax levy was inadequate by half, and 
at this date, with only six months of 
the year gone, practically three-quar- 
ters of the San Pedro tax levy has 
been exhausted. At the present rate 
of expenditure our General Expense 
Fund will be drawn upon for this pur- 
pose up to July 1st, 1910, $14,000. 

I may mention here parenthetically, 
that the original San Pedro tax levy 
for the Interest and Sinking Fund, 
was insufficient to cover the retire- 
ment of their bonds for the year; and 
we have been obliged to provide 
about $2,000 for this purpose. I may 
also say that the Wilmington taxes 
seem to have been ample for the de- 
mands made by that section of our 
city. 

Contingent Expenses: Other than 
the above demands against General 
Expense there are always a multitude 
of contingent expenses which arise 
and which are very difficult to esti- 
mate. I should hesitate to attempt a 
suggestion of these amounts were it 
not for the fact that even a very gen- 
eral and necessarily problematical 
statement may be of some value. 
These figures are taken from similar 
drafts for the past six months, and 



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compare favorably with the similar 
drafts for the final six months of last 
year; except that last year the amount 
necessary to take care of certificates 
of sale during the same period was 
only about $300, as against about $14,. 
000 (mostly San Pedro street) for the 
past six months of this year. 

These contingent expenses seem to 
group themselves about as follows: 
Repairs of sewers, culverts, 
side-walks, etc., small street 
improvements, damages due 

to grading, etc $ 4,300 

Railroad transnortation 1,300 

Purchase of rights of way for 

sewer drains, etc 1,300 

Legal cases 1,400 

Assessments (mostly school 
prooerty and park property), 
petitions for refund of as- 
sessments, O. & W. petition 
for damages. (This includes 
the anticipated park assess- 
ment of $7,000) 12,000 

Repairs to buildings, not cov- 
ered by budget, City Hall, 



Police Station, etc 1,000 

Health emergencies 500 

Certificates of sale (an estimate 
is impossible. This amount is 
taken from the last six 
months) 14,000 



Total for contingencies $35,SOO 

Departments: In addition to the 
above, and judging from the result 
shown in my monthly report for De- 
cember, some of the Departments are 
exceeding the budget allowance and 
will probably require additional funds 
from General Expense to carry them 
through the year. I wish to mention 
that in some instances (City Clerk, 
Tax Collector and possibly one or two 
others) heavy salary expenditures fall 
during the first half of the year and 
will probably be recouped during the 
next six months. Also in case of the 
Fire Department, I understand that 
heavy purchases of hay made during 
the first half of the year are more or 
less the cause of the overdraft in ex- 
penses. 



Summary 

Budget and additional allowance for General Expense for Fis- 
cal Year 1909-10 

Total amount order out to date, including expendi- 
tures made and expenditures contracted for and 
not made .$214,913.07 

Amount required from date to July 1st. 1910; esti- 
mated : 

Elections $25,000.00 

Park 8.000.00 

Street 10.000.00 

Sprinkling 7X00.00 

Sweeping 15,000.00 65,000.00 



$280,000.00 



San Pedro 14,000.00 

Contingent expenses (including anticipated park as- 
sessment) 35,800.00 

Deficit unprovided for. assuming other Departments 
will keep within allowances 



49.713.07 



In conclusion I beg to say that our 
Reserve Fund of $401,000 is already 
small, and when augmented to its 
fullest extent by incidental additions, 
will be absolutely essential in help- 
ing carry the City's expenses, salaries 
and contracts from July 1st, 1910, to 



$329,713.07 $329,713.07 

the receipts of taxes in November of 
1910. 

This fund must necessarily be held 
absolutely invio'ate if the city is to 
meet its obligation at that time. 
Respectfully vours, 

John S. Meyers, 
City Auditor. 



DAVID STARR TORDAN TO 
SPEAK BEFORE CITY CLUB 



At the regular weekly luncheon to 
be held at Levy's. Saturday. Feb 5th. 



at 1215 p. m.. David Starr Tordan. 
President of Leland Stanford Univer- 
sity, will soeak on "Civic Righteous- 
ness." Note: Present and past mem- 
bers of the Board of Governors, 
please take c eats at the head table. 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



Famous SHort Stories 



THE MURDERS IN THE RUE 
MORGUE 



By Edgar Allan Poe 



(Synopsis of Portion Published) 

The writer, in the summer of 18 — , 
met in a Paris library a young 
Frenchman of reduced means, with 
whom he soon became so friendly that 
they decided to have a common home. 
An old house in the Faubourg St. 
Germain being chosen the two friends 
entered upon a strange life of reading, 
contemplation and dreams, living be- 
hind closed shutters all day and is- 
suing forth at dark to be onlookers 
at the busy life of the city. Dupin, 
the writer's friend, showed a remark- 
able genius for analysis and deduc- 
•tion, and declared that most men, in 
respect to himself, wore windows in 
their bosoms. Just at this time in 
the Quartier St. Roch, a double mur- 
der occurred, accompanied by such 
atrocities that it was the general sub- 
ject of talk and conjecture. In the 
published reports of the testimony of 
those who resided in the neighbor- 
hood of the house in which the mur- 
der occurred, or who had chanced by 
just after the gruesome discovery, 
peculiar deviations were to be ob- 
served. Those who had heard sounds 
in the apartments in question at the 
moment the murders were surmised 
to have occurred, agreed that the 
voice of a Frenchman was distinguish- 
able, but each described differently a 
second, and dominant, voice. All who 
had been near had noticed it, all had 
been filled by a peculiai horror by it, 
but none agreed as to its character. 
A gendarme said it was "the shrill 
voice of a froeigner," though not a 
woman's; a neighboring locksmith 
thought it was the shrill utterance of 
an Italian and' possibly that of a wo- 
man; a Dutchman was sure the 
screams were from the throat of a 
Frenchman, and claimed they were 
harsh, not shrill; an English tailor 
thought the voice was German; a 
Spanish undertaker was positive it 
was the voice of an Englishman; an- 
other Parisian was sure of the Rus- 
sian character of the strange sounds. 
On one point they were all equally 
vague — none had distinguished a sin- 
gle word of the indefinable language. 

The astute Dupin, scenting the clue 
in the very part of the testimony 
which most mystified the authorities, 
obtained permission from the prefect 
of police personally to examine the 
scene of the tragedy, and with his 
bosom friend, the author, proceeded 
to the Rue Morgue. 

An examination of the room proved 
to Dupin that the only possible 
ingress was a window involving a 
climb requiring almost superhuman 
agility. This fact in conjunction with 
the strange voice points to something 
inexplicable and weird connected with 
the tragedy. 



"The riddle, so far, was now un- 
riddled. The assassin had escaped 
through the window which looked 
upon the bed. Dropping of its own 
accord u"on his exit (or perhaps pur- 
posely closed), it had become fas- 
tened by the spring; and it was the 
retention of this spring which had 
been mistaken by the police for that 
of the nail, — further inquiry being 
thus considered unnecessary. 

"The next question is that of the 
mode of descent. Upon this point I 
had been satisfied in my walk with 
you around the building. About five 
feet and a half from the casement in 
question runs a lightning-rod. From 
this rod it would have been impos- 
sible for any one to reach the window 



itself, to say nothing of entering it. 
I observed, however, -that the shut- 
ters of the fourth story were of the 
peculiar kind called by Parisian car- 
penters ferrades, — a kind rarely em- 
ployed at the present day, but fre- 
quently seen upon very old mansions 
at Lyons and Bordeaux, They are in 
the form of an ordinary door (a sin- 
gle, not a folding door), except that 
the lower half is latticed or worked 
in open trellis, thus affording an ex- 
cellent hold for the hands. In the 
present instance these shutters are 
fully three feet and a half broad. 
When we saw them from the rear of 
the house, they were both about half 
open; that is to say, they stood off 
at right angles from the wall. It is 
probable that the police, as well as 
myself, examined the back of .he 
tenement; but, if so, in looking at 
these ferrades in the line of their 
breadth (as they must have done), 
they did not perceive this great 
breadth itself, or, at all events, failed 
to take it into due consideration. In 
fact, having once satisfied themselves 
that no egress could have been made 
in this quarter, they would naturally 
bestow here a very cursory examina- 
tion. It was clear to me, however, 
that the shutter belonging to the win- 
dow at the head of the bed would, if 
swung fully back to the wall, reach 
to within two feet of the lightning- 
rod. It was also evident that, by ex- 
ertion of a very unusual degree of 
activity and courage, an entrance 
into the window, from the rod, might 
have been thus effected. By reaching 
to the distance of two feet and a half 
(we now suppose the shutter open to 
its whole extent) a robber might have 
taken a firm grasp upon the trellis- 
work. Letting go, then, his hold upon 
the rod, placing his feet securely 
against the wall, and springing boldly 
from it, he might have swung the 
shutter so as to close it, and, if we 
imagine the window open at the time, 
might even have swung into the 
room. 

"I wish you to bear especially . in 
mind that I have spoken of a very 
unusual degree of activity as re- 
quisite to success in so hazardous 
and difficult a feat. It is my design 
to show you, first, that the thing 
mieht possibly have been accom- 
plished; but, secondly and chiefly, I 
wish to impress upon your under- 
standing the very extraordinary, the 
almost preternatural character of that 
agility which could have accomplished 
it. 

"You will say, no doubt, using the 
language of the law. that, 'to make 
out my case,' I should rather under- 
value than insist upon a full estima- 
tion of the activity renuired in this 
matter. This may be the practice in 
law, but it is not the usaee of reason. 
My ultimate object is only the truth. 
My immediate purpose is to lead you 
to place in iuxtaoosition that very 
unusual activity of which I have just 
spoken, with that very peculiar shrill 
(or harsh) and unequal voice, about 
whose nationality no two persons 
could be found to a°ree. and in whose 
utteranre no syllabification could be 
detected." 

At these words a vague and half- 
formed conception of the meaning of 
Dupin flitted over my mind. I 
seemed to be unon'the verge of com- 
prehension, without power to com- 
prehend, — as men, at times, find them- 
selves upon the brink of remem- 
brance, without beinor able, in the 
end, to remember. My friend went 
on with his discourse. 

"Von will see," be said, "thit I have 
shifted the question from the mode 
of egress to that of ingress. It was 
my design to convey the idea that 



both were effected' in the same man- 
ner, at the same point. Let us now 
revert to the interior of the room. 
>Let us 'survey the appearances here. 
The drawers of the bureau, it is said, 
had been rifled, although many ar- 
ticles of apparel still remained within 
them. The conclusion here is absurd. 
It is a mere guess, — a very silly one, 
— and no more. iHow are we to 
know that the articles found in the 
drawers were not all these drawers 
had originally contained? Madame 
iL'Espanaye and her daughter lived 
an exceedingly retired life, — saw no 
company, — seldom went out, — had lit- 
tle use for numerous changes of 
habiliment. Those found were at least 
of as good quality as any likely to be 
possessed by these ladies. If a thief 
had taken any, why did he not take 
the best, why did he not take all? In 
a word, why did he abandon four 
thousand francs in gold, to encumber 
himself with a bundle of linen? The 
gold was abandoned. Nearly the 
whole sum mentioned by Monsieur 
IMignaud, the banker, was discovered, 
in ba°s, upon the floor. I wish you, 
therefore, to discard from your 
thoughts the blundering idea of mo- 
tive, engendered in the brains of the 
police by that portion of the evidence 
which speaks of money delivered at 
the door of the house. Coincidences 
ten times as remarkable as this (the 
delivery of the money, and murder 
committed within three days upon the 
party receiving it) happen to all of us 
every hour of our lives, without at- 
tracting even momentary notice. Co- 




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ionable District 

A $12,000 house, just completed for owner, who cannot occupy it 
on account of business elsewhere and has made a. price of $10,000 to 
effect a quick sale. 

Two-story ten rooms and large reception hall, situated on Cahuenga 
boulevard, near Wilshire. Lot 60 feet front, east frontage. 

DOWNSTAIRS — Reception hall, living room and dining room in 
solid quartered oak. Library in mahogany, all rooms hand-rubbed and 
dull finish. Servants' quarters, kitchen and butler's pantry in white 
enamel. 

UPSTAIRS — Reached by wide oak stairway, are five large sunny 
bedrooms, finished in mahogany and white enamel; nursery and sleeping 
porch. Open fireplace in one bedroom. Furnace heat and hardwood 
floors throughout. Two bathrooms, completely equipped. 

The interior finish all over the-house is exceptionally fine. Lighting 
fixtures, buffet, etc., all specially designed, and of the best possible 
quality. Large cement cellar, good garage and cemented drive, ; 

We are confident that at the price of $10,500 there is not another 
house in the district to approach this place: 

Shown by appointment otily— ring, up for auto. 

"IT PAYS TO SEE US" 



Edwards & Wildey Co, 



Main 9306 



232 Laughlin Bldg. 



Home 10767 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



in general, are great 
: thai 
i edu- 

: human rc- 

i the gold been 

■ thing 

il cir- 

>Id the motive of th:- 
we must also imagine the per- 
idiot as to 
lined his gold and his mo- 
tive together. 

now steadily in mind the 
which I have drawn your 
attention,— that peculiar voice, that 
fility, and that startling ab- 
in a murder so sin- 
gularly atrocious as this. — let us 
the butchery itself. Here 
angled to death by 
manual strength, and thrust up a 
chimney, head downward. Ordinary 
mploy no such modes of 
murder as this. ' Least of all do they 
thin dispose of the murdered. In the 
manner of thrusting the corpse up 
the chimney, you will admit that 
there was something excessively 
outre; her irrecon- 

cilable with our common notions of 
human action, even when we suppose 
the actors the most depraved of men. 
Think, too. how great must have been 
that strength which could have thrust 
the body up such an aperture so for- 
cibly that the united vigor of several 
rts was found barely sufficient to 
it down! 

"Turn now to other indications of 
the employment of a vigor most mar- 
vellous. On the hearth were thick 

very thick tresses — of gray 

human hair. These had been torn 
out by the routs. You are aware of 
the great force necessary in tearing 
thus from the head even twenty or 
thirty hairs together. You saw the 
m question as well as myself. 
Their root- (a hideous sigh!) were 
clotted with fragments of the flesh of 
alp, — sure token of the pro- 
digious power which had been ex- 
erted in uprooting perhaps half a mil- 
lion of hairs at a time. The throat 
of the old lady was not merely cut, 
but the head absolutely severed front 
the body; the instrument was a mere 
razor. T wish you also to look at the 
ibrutal ferocity of these deeds. Of 
the bruises upon the body of Madame 

i cinaye I do not speak. Mon- 
sieur Dumas, and his worthy coad- 
jutor ^Monsieur Etienne, have pro- 
nounced that they were inflicted by 
some obtuse instrument, and so far 
these gentlemen are very correct. 
The obtuse instrument was clearly the 
stone pavement in the yard, upon 
which the victim had fallen from the 
window- which looked in upon the 
bed. This idea, however simple it 
may now seem, escaped the police, 
for the same reason that the breadth 
of the shutters escaped them, — be- 
cause, by the affair of the nails, their 
perceptions had been hermetically 
sealed against the possibility of the 
windows having ever been opened at 
all. 

"If now. in addition to all these 
things, you have properly reflected 
upon the odd disorder of the cham- 
ber, we have gone so tar as to com- 
bine the ideas of an agility astound- 
ing, .1 strength superhuman, a ferocity 
brutal, a butchery without motive, a 
grotesquerie in horror absolutely alien 
from humanity, and a voice foreign in 
lone to t lie ears of men of many 
nations, and devoid of all distinct or 
intelligible syllabification. What re- 
sult, then, has ansued? What impres- 
sion have I made upon your fancy?" 

I felt a creeping of the flesh as 
Dupin asked me- the — question. "A 
madman," I said, "has done this 



maniac, escaped 
from a neighboring .V 
"In som. 

: the 
■ of madmen, even in then 

id to 
with that peculiar voice heard 
upon the stairs. Madmen at 
some nation, and the:: how- 

ever incoherent in its 
ways 

hair of a madman 
such as 1 now hold in my hand. I 
disentangled this little tuft from the 
rigidly clutched 

inaye. Tell me what you can 
make of it." 

"Dupin," I said, completely un- 
nerved, "this hair is most unusual; 
this is no human hair." 

"I have not asserted that it i -.'* said 
he; "but. before we decide this point, 

1 wish you to glance at the little 
sketch I have here traced upon this 
paper. It is a fac-simile drawing of 
what has been described in one por- 
tion of the testimony as 'dark bruises, 
and deep indi ntation", of finger-nails,' 
upon the throat of Mademoiselle 
L'Espanaye, and in another (by 
Messrs, Dumas and Etienne) as a 
-cries of livid spots, evidently the 
impression of fingers.' 

"You will perceive," continued my 
friend, spreading out the paper upon 
the table before us, "that this drawing 
gives the idea of a firm and fixed 
hold. There is no slipping apparent. 
Each finger has retained, possibly un- 
til death of the victim, the fearful 
grasp by which it originally embedded 
itself. Attempt now to place all your 
fingers, at the same time, in the re- 
spective impressions as you see them." 

I made the attempt in vain. 

"We are possibly not giving (his 
matter a fair trial," he said. "The 
paper is spread out upon a plane sur- 
face; ibut the human throat is cylin- 
drical. Here is a billet of wood, the 
circumference of which is about that 



of the throat. Wrap the drawing 
1 it. and try the experiment 

I did so; but the difficult] 

"is the mark of no human hand." 
"Read now ," replil d "this 

i from iCuvier." 
It was a minute anatomical and 

■Mil Of tile 

Fulvous < lur.-in;.; i lutang of the 
Indian Esla I igantic 

activity, the wild ferocity, and the 

-mi- of these mam- 
malia .nil, well known 10 
all. I understood the full horrors of 
the murder at 01 

"The description of the digits," said 
l, as I made an end ot reading, "is in 
accordance with this drawing. 
I see that no animal but an Ourang 
Outang of the species here mentioned 
could have impressed the indentations 
as you have traced them. This tuft 
a nv hair, too, is identical in 
character with that of the beast of 
Cuvier. But I cannot possibly com- 
i rehend the particulars of this fright- 
ful mystery. Besides, there were two 
voices heard in contention, and one 
of them was unquestionably the voice 
of a Frenchman." 

"True; and you will remember an 
expression attributed almost unani- 
mously, by the evidence, to this voice, 
— the expression mon Dieu! This, un- 
der the circumstances, has been just- 
ly characterized by one of the wit- 
nesses (Montani, the confectioner) as 
an expression of remonstrance or ex- 
postulation. Upon these two words, 
therefore, I have mainly built my 
hopes of a full solution of the riddle. 
A Frenchman was cognizant of the 
murder. It is possible, indeed it is 
far more than probable, that he was 
innocent of all participation in the 
bloody transactions which took place. 
The Ourang-Outang may have es- 
caped from him. He may have traced 
it to the chamber; but, under the agi- 



tating circumstances which ensued, he 
could never have recaptured it. It is 
still at large. 1 will not pursue these 
-.--for 1 have no right to call 
them more, — since the shades of re- 
nt which they are based arc 
icient depth to be ap- 
preciable by my own intellect, and 
I could not pretend to make 
them intelligible to the understanding 
of another. We will call them guesses, 
i- such. If 
the Frenchman it in is indeed, 

impose, innocent of this atrocity, 
this advertisement, which 1 left last 
night, upon our return home, at the 
olhce of Le Monde (a paper devoted 
to the shipping interest, and much 
sought by sailors), will bring him to 
our residence." 

He handed me a paper, and I read 
thus: — 

Caught. — in the Bois de Boulogne, 

early in the morning of the inst. 

(the morning of the murder), a very 
large, tawny Ourang-Outang of the 
Bornesc species. The owner (who is 
ascertained to be a sailor belonging 
to a Maltese vessel) may have the 
animal again, upon identifying it sat- 
isfactorily, and paying a few charges 
arising from its capture and keeping. 

Call at No. , Rue , Faubourg 

St. Germain, — au troisieme. 

"How was it possible," I asked, 
"that you should know the man to 
be a sailor, and belonging to a Mal- 
tese vessel?" 

"I do not know it," said Dupin. "I 
am not sure of it. Here, however, is 
a small piece of ribbon, which from 
its form, and from its greasy appear- 
ance, has evidently been used in tying 
the hair in one of those long queues 
of which sailors are so fond. More- 
over, this knot is one which few be- 
sides sailors can tie, and is peculiar 
to the Maltese. I picked the ribbon 
up at the foot of the lightning-rod. 
It could not have belonged to either 
of the deceased. 

(To be continued) 



REPORT OF THE CONDITION OF 

The First National Bank of Los Angeles 

At the Close of Business, January 31st, 1910 

RESOURCES LIABILITIES 



Loans and discounts $11 

Overdrafts, secured and unsecured 1 

U. S. Bonds to Secure Circulation 1 

U. S. Bonds to Secure U. S. Deposits 

U. S. Bonds on Hand 

Premiums on U. S. Bonds 

Bonds, Securities, etc. (Bonds only) 

Due from National Banks (not 

reserve agents) $1,222,443.49 

Due from State Banks and 

Bankers 309,291.25 

Due from Approved Reserve 

Agents 1,225,991.16 

Checks and Other Cash Items 100,347.97 
Exchange for Clearing House. 282,607.56 
Notes of Other National Banks 103,041.00 
Fractional Paper Currency, 

Nickels and Cents 8,123.06 

Lawful Money Reserve in Bank, viz: 

Specie $1,906,913.00 

Legal Tender 

Notes 178.8CO.0O 

2.085,713.00 



,622,395.62 
13,463.52 

.250,000.00 

305.000.00 

55,000.00 

None 

924,650.00 



Cash and Sight Exchange 5,337,558.49 

Redemption Fund with U. S. Treasurer... 62,500.00 

Total $19,570,567.63 



Capital Stock Paid 1 In 

Surplus Fund 

Undivided Profits, Less Expc 
Taxes Paid 

National Bank Notes Outstandin 

Due to Other National Banks. $1 

Due to State Banks and Bank- 
ers 

Due to Trust and Savings 
Banks 

Dividends Unpaid 

Individual Deposits Subject to 
Check 11 

Demand' Certificates of Deposit 

Certified Checks 

Cashier's Checks Outstanding. 

U. S. Deposits 

Letters of Credit 



....$ 1.250 

250 

uses and 

.... 1,477. 

g 1.175, 

,17S,053.80 

800,771.08 

843,049.68 
2,285.00 

,041,963.16 
999,669.17 
12,404.52 
237.558.40 
300,607.93 
1,130.90 



.000.00 
0C0.00 

,876.49 
197.50 



Total Deposits 15,417,493.64 



Total $19,570,567.63 



No Real Estate. No Furniture and Fixtures. No Premium on U. S. Bonds. 
•STATE OF CALIFORNIA. > ss 

County of Los Angeles. \ 

I. \Y. T. S. Hammond. Cashier of the above named Bank, do solemnly swear that the above statement is true to, 
the best of my knowledge and belief. 

Subscribed and sworn to before me this 2nd day of February, 1910. W. T. S. HAMMOND, Cashier. 

\Y \ HAMAKER. Notary Public. Correct— Attest: 

J. M. ELLIOTT. i 

STODDARD JESS, t Directors. 



W. C. PATTERSON, 



10 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 




tVSIC 




Those who were fortunate enough 
to hear one or both of the Schumann- 
Heink recitals last week came away 
with a sense of an enriched musical 
experience. Mme. Schumann-Heink 
is not merely a wonderful vocalist, 
she is one of the most wonderfully 
endowed personalities before the pub- 
lic today. One cannot but feel the 
force of a character ripened and en- 
riched by the varied experiences of 
such a long public career. Though 
primarily an exponent of the dramatic 
in vocal art, this wonderful woman 
can sing a coloratura passage with as 
much flowing beauty as any exponent 
of bel canto. There is no doubt that 
February 11th will see the larger 



auditorium as well rilled as was Simp- 
son's at her first two appearances. 



It is not often that two such fig- 
ures in the musical world are seen at 
the same time in a city the size of Los 
Angeles as Schumann-Heink and' Car- 
reno. The crossing of the routes of 
these two exponents of the vocal and 
instrumental art makes it possible for 
these dates, and the program as given 
below will show to the readers what 
a treat is in store for those who take 
a day and a night off and lay their 
tributes at the feet of these artists. 

The symphony orchestra program 
is an excellent one. The Symphonic 
Dances by Grieg, the celebrated 
Mozart Symphony, No. 39 and :Mac- 
sagni's Introduction to the opera of 
William Radcliffe are in themselves 



a sufficient incentive to attend this 
concert, but with Carreno as soloist 
an added interest is given which 
makes it a gala afternoon. 

■ A glance at the arrangement of the 
second public school concert to be 
given under the direction of Katherine 
E. Stone at Simpson Auditorium on 
Thursday afternoon, Feb. 10th, shows 
that for the education of the^ young, 
and selections are full of interest. 
Mrs. Bertha Vaughan is one of the 
well known sopranos of Southern 
California, while Bruce Gordon 
Kingsley, piano soloist and lecturer, 
is recognized as one of our most 
capable instructors in musical litera- 
ture. 

For the first time an invitation is 
given to the public to come and listen 
to these concerts. The program fol- 
lows: 

Songs: My Love is an Arbutus 
(Irish). Annie Laurie (Scotch), My 
little Heart's sighing (French), 
Cherry Ripe (English), Mrs. Bertha 
Vaughn. Lecture-Recital by Bruce 
Gordon Kingsley assisted by Mrs. 
Bertha Vaughn on Wagner's "Tann- 
hauser." Act I; Overture: Pilgrim's 



Chorus; Venusburg Music; The Praise 
Song; Venus' Entreaty (Mrs. Bertha 
Vaughn); The Ascent to Earth; Wolf- 
ram's Story. Act 2; Elizabeth's 
Greeting (Mrs. Bertha Vaughn); The 
March, the Intercession, Chorale. 
Act 3; Elizabeth's Prayer (Mrs. Ber- 
tha Vaughn); The Evening .Star, The 
Pilgrimage, (Finale. 



Mme. Schumann-Heink's third and 
last recital in this city will be held in 
Temple Auditorium February 11th. 
The program numbers follow: 

Mitrane Aria, Rossi (1668), (Sung 
in Italian) ; Sapho Aria, Chas. Gou- 
nod, (Sung in French); Mignon Aria, 
Ambroise Thomas; Aria from Sam- 
son and Delilah, Saint-Saens; (a) Ich 
liebe dich; (b) Neue Liebe, neues 
Leben, Beethoven; (c) Die junge 
Nonne, (d) IWohin (by request), (e) 
IDer Erlkonig (by request), Schubert; 
(a) Gute Nacht, (b) Im Herbst, Rob- 
ert Franz; (c) Sechs ungarische 
Zigeunerlider, Joh. Brahms; (a) Vater 
Nuser, Carl Krebs; (b) Sei .Still, J. 
Raff; (c) Aria from "Elijah," Men- 
delssohn, with organ accompaniment. 



Assisted by Mr. Will Garroway and 



The Big Exclusive Piano House 




THE BEST EQUIPPED PIANO HOUSE IN LOS ANGELES 

Our Auto Delivery Truck carries four men and four pianos. We have the most experienced movers. 

We are the only house ;who"can deliver A. B. Chase, Fischer, Kimball and Schumann Pianos. 

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BARTLETT MUSIC COMPANY 231 South Broadway, Opposite City Hall 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



11 



program in 

num. February 

In Liebesl 

l-'ruh- 

:iur que iu m'avait, Bizi 

English: 

O' Mj 11 , 
ling Her. Paul 

n," iM:-i 
ndian 

■ the 
Tribe; il>> 
Iro 
Far i >iT I Hear a I 

Call; 
linaha 
Tribe. 



The Mahler's 

nphony i- . ice ai 

cert in Munich this summer. It 
I to require a thousand per- 
formers—for there are to be three in- 
lent choruses besides the or- 
i and soloi 



A new piano sonata by Cyril Scott. 
an English composer, shocked the 
bilities of a writer on the Lon- 
" Musical News," who charac- 
terized its chords as "fortuitous con- 
courses of non 

A choir which will be heard in this 
country at no distant date is the 
Welsh "Moehvyn," composed of 
quarrymen. This choir has already 
won $15,000 in prizes at English con- 



In honor of Schumann's hundredth 
anniversary there will he several cele- 
brations this year in European music 
centers. 



A new opera by Siegfried Wagner, 
"Banadietrich," will be produced at 
Karlsruhe in a few days. 



E. E. Atkin, writing under the cap- 
tion. " Vpplied Music" in the London 
Musical Standard, says in part: 

Music can lie divided into pure and 
applied varieties in the same. way as 
mathematics. Applied music, that is. 
music associated with another art, al- 
ways becomes secondary or decora- 
tive, never the central idea of the 
synthesis. Architecture is a decora- 
tive art, but there is here the differ- 
ence that it cannot exist as an entity 
— it is unsubstantial of itself, being in- 
separably associated with the building 
it decorates. Building itself, the 
mere construction of a useful edifice, 
cannot be considered an art. It is 
the execution of the work in such a 
manner that the result will appear 
beautiful, which constitutes the art of 
architecture. We see. however, in 
opera the association of one pure 
art with another, music with drama, 
or rather the combination of 
three or four. for drama is it- 
self composite. Any one of these 
can exist alone. Thus there are here 
branching roads in the classification 
of the arts. One category consists of 
the application of aesthetic ideas to 
the necessities of life or evolutionary 
factors, such as the adornment of 
habitations and dress; the other con- 
sists of aesthetic material completely 



alienated from man's evolution, and 

therefore of no use except to afford 

sure. 

Pure music is well seen in certain 

tnd symphi 

Applied music reaches its climax in 

extremes there 

rtaiu intermediaries. We must 

consider opera a- the most advanced 
art-ty; Ived in connection 

with must., com- 

fombining three separate arts at 
i in- whoi< B) 
cessive grades we proceed from pure 
music, through song and ballet to 
opera. Ballet is taken to include all 
■ 1 movement with 
music, such as dance, etc In like 
manner song is extended broadly to 
include all combinations of speech 
with music, e. g., -uch forms as rei 
tion with orchestral iment, 

as illustrated by some ol Grieg's 
compositions. 



The performances at the Richard 

Strati- at Munich, in 1910, 

have been settled as follows; three 
theatrical performance- »ivfii by the 
Royal Generalintendanz in the Mun- 
ich Prinzregenten Theatre: <fc Feuers- 
(June 23), "Salome" (June 24), 
"Elektra" (June 26), with "great 
guest-singers" in the leading parts 
and under the direction of Richard 
Strauss and Felix Mottl. Three fes- 
tival symphony concerts in the re- 
cently erected music-hall of the [Mun- 
ich exhibition (three thousand seats) 
on June 25. 27 and 28. The "Phil- 
harmoniker" of Vienna (from the Im- 
perial Opera), which is said to be the 
orchestra in Germany, if not in 
the world, will take part at these con- 
certs (one hundred and' twenty mu- 
sicians), under the direction of Gen- 
eralnmsikdirector Ernst von Schuch 
(Dresden) and Richard Strauss him- 
self. Finally, two matinees of lieder 
and chamber music wild take place on 
June 24 and 26, in the 'Munich Kunst- 
ler Theatre. Further information 
may be obtained from Konzert-Bu- 
reau Emil Gutmann, Munich. 



CHRISTIAN SCIENCE LECTURE 

Second Church of Christ, Scientist, 
of this city has called 'Miss Mary E. 
Brookins of Minneapolis, to deliver 
a free public lecture on the subject 
of Christian Science. 

To accommodate those who desire 
to hear her speak two lectures have 
been arranged for. The first will be 
held on Sunday afternoon, February 
6th at 3 o'clock, and the second on 
Monday evening, February 7th at 8 
o'clock. Both lectures will be given 
in the new church edifice recently 
opened by Second Church of Christ, 
Scientist, at Adams and Hoover 
streets. 

Miss Brookins was, for a number 
of years, a teacher in the public 
schools of Chicago. 

Before accepting Christian Science 
she was actively associated with the 
Universalist denomination. 

In 1888 she became Mrs. Eddy's 
student in the Massachusetts Meta- 
physical College, and has been en- 
gaged in practicing and teaching 
Christian Science ever since. 

She served seven years as First 
Reader in iFirst Church of Christ. 
Scientist, in Minneapolis, and in 1903 
she was appointed a member of the 
Christian Science Beard of Lecture- 
ship. 



CHRISTIAN SCIENCE LECTURE 

MISS MARY BROOKINS 

of Minneapolis, Minn. 

Christian Science Church Edifice, on West Adams, near Hoover 

Sunday Afternoon, Feb. 6, at 3 o'clock. Doors open at 2:30 

Monday Eve., Feb. 7, at 8 o'clock, Doors open at 7:30 





"Father And the Boys" 

1 i you w an*, to see a real G 
Vde play, -nap. ily presented : 

unusually capable company, i; 

want to laugh and laugh again, then 

your pi , the Mason this week 

with "Father ami the Boys." A 
neater, merrier comedy i- seldom 
than this vehicle for William II 
i rani '- mellow acting. Imagine an 
elderly, long-suppressed, nosc-to-thc- 
grindstone wool merchant, wdio in 
early life toiled a year for the limn 
sand which his son loses at bridge in 
evening, and whom everybody 
designates as "several miles behind 
the procession." suddenly cutting 
loose and making his sons' wildest 
pranks look pale and insignificant. 
Thai i- what Father does when the 
boys threaten to walk over him. Mr. 
Crane's evolution from the "good old 
scout" who always drinks a glass of 
milk before retiring to the extremely 
lively person who leaves the wool 
business to the tender mercies of his 
sons-, and goes yachting, plays rou- 
lette, and bets on the races, with 
Bessie Brayton from Nevada for a 
"pacer," is absolutely delightful. 

Incidentally, Bessie is a typical Ade 
character too — slangy yet true blue. 
Mi-- Margaret Dale impersonates her 
very cleverly, with the real Western 
accent and breeziness combined with 
[Metropolitan polish and sophistica- 
tion. In a long line of stereotyped 
heroines opposite John 'Drew, she 
never did anything better, nor did her 
Duchess of Marlborough type of 
beauty ever seem, more striking. 

Bessie is about to be cheated out 
of her mine in Goldfield by an un- 
scrupulous Major when Father comes 
to the rescue and dashes them both 
to Nevada, convention notwithstand- 
ing, where Bessie finds her mine to 
be a bonanza and is romantically re- 
united to a long-lost Western lover. 
The boys and their sweethearts, chap- 
eroned by a much-worried friend, sus- 
pecting Father of eloping with Bessie, 
rush to Goldfield to prevent the cere- 
mony. The ending sees Father de- 
cidedly in the ascendancy, for his 
sadder and wiser boys, disciplined by 
his escapades, have fallen in love with 
the two girls he himself had chosen 
(though they pair off exactly opposite 
to his expectations), and not only 
promise to settle down themselves 
but beg Father to do likewise. Though 
Father has had a picnic, he seems 
willing. 

The two girls are charmingly por- 
trayed by Miss Vivian Martin and 
Miss Elsa Payne. The former is a 
smaller edition of Miss Billie Burke. 
Of the men, Scott Dailey as Bessie's 
lover does the most distinctive work. 
The other roles are adequately filled, 
and the sartorial display is generous. 



eatt*e 



alone in attempted application of 

those uncompromising principles of 

emb idied in the character of 

..,iiiii K mayor, in various parts 

I ewis Stone has had many righti 

hes 10 Irlu ei and he always 
manages to invest them with spontan- 
eity and conviction, but never more 
so than a- Alwyn Bennett, the rich 
man'- son whom politicians made a 
mayor and then found it impossible 
rrupt through the channels of 
money, ambition or love. Mr. Stone 
emphasizes well the dignity of the 
role, and is at all times forceful and 
pleasing. 

Miss Magrane is seen to advantage 
as 'Dallas iWainwright, the girl be- 
hind the mayor. Charles Ruggles as 
her brother Perry tempers with his 
breeziness some very solid scenes, 
and makes a hit by being absolutely 
natural. Two new Thespians, James 
iCorrigan as Alderman Horrigan and 
Miss Eileen Errol as Cynthia Garri- 
son, add materially to the excellence 
of the performance. The genial Phe- 
lan is very capably handled by Wil- 
liam Yerance. 

The individual worth of the acting 
merits detailed comment, but space 
permits only registry of the fact that . 
Richard Vivian, .Miss Ida Lewis, 
Howard Scott, Charles Giblyn and 
Frank Camp are all congenially cast 
and in fine feather. The four scenes 
are fresh and pleasing, and the en- 
semble is a splendid treatise on good 
government which no reader of the 
Pacific Outlook can afford to miss. 
Dorthy Russell Lewis. 



"The Man of the Hour" 

That sterling political play "The 
(Man of the Hour" is proving a happy 
inaugural for the Belasco Company's 
series of Broadhurst dramas. The 
sound, finished work of this week's 
well-rounded cast is in marked con- 
trast to the inefficiency of a visiting 
company recently here in the same 
play. Monday evening's audience was 
vociferously appreciative, letting but 
few of the strong speeches pass un- 
applauded and calling the author be- 
fore the curtain, where he paid tri- 
bute to the company, besought public 
co-operation, and whimsically alluded 
to Mr. Blackwood's gout. 

The vital conditions dealt with by 
"The Man of the Hour" are univer- 
sal, hut I. os Angeles stands almost 



"The Virginian" 

Prominent in this week's audiences 
of "The Virginian" at the Majestic 
are those who have previously seen 
this masterpiece (for such it really 
is). The very fact that an audience 
after having once seen a play will, 
when it plays a return engagement, 
with invariably a poorer aggregation, 
a year or two later, go again pre- 
ferring it to one they have not seen, 
is in itself the highest compliment 
that can be tendered it. "The Vir- 
ginian" not alone received, but is 
most worthy of that compliment. 

To the thousands who have either 
read the book or seen the play, the 
study of our hero never grows old. 
The man is fascinating for he has 
not alone good qualities but bad ones 
as well. He has gambled and drank; 
•he has not lived a life of absolute 
purity; he has taken the law in his 
own hands and lynched cattle thieves, 
and on the eve of his marriage, he 
even kills, in the unceremonious man- 
ner of the then, young west. But he 
is big, strong, generous, brave, trust- 
worthy, resourceful; he never bullied 
or lied; a man with a soul of a child. 
Into the life of this sort of man en- 
ters Molly Wood, the pretty Ver- 
mont school teacher, full of gentle 
down east ideas and pride in her su- 
perior Puritan inheritance. Is it not 
natural that this Virginian should fall 
in love with the first woman of the 
better class he had ever known? She 
resists the attentions of her handsome 
lover, but soon his soft voice and 
gentle way wins a place in her heart. 
Then comes the battle royal between 
her heart and her Yankee pride and 
prejudices. She finally sees, as all 
women do, no matter how superior 
her ancestry and breeding she can- 
not help loving "a man who is a 
man." 

William Gibson, who this year en- 
acts the name role is a tall, lanky, yet 
in a way, graceful chap. He looks 



12 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



the part and has ideas of his own' as 
to how it should be played, which are 
very effective. 

Marshall Farnum as Trampas,,, over- 
acts, making a brainy, cunning char- 
acter look like a cheap melodramatic 
villain. Mable Wright as Molly 
Wood is exceedingly pretty, her act- 
ing is neither exceptional nor disap- 
pointing. 

There are almost thirty characters 
in the piece, twenty of which deserve 
individual mention. Limited space 
will, however, permit it being said 
that they make the parts human, which 
is more marvelous than the word mi- 
plies. 

The scenery is realistic, having the 
true out-of-doors atmosphere of the 
frontier days in the West. If you 
haven't seen it, go; if you have, go 
again, you won't regret it. 



Miss Nordstrom is delightfully her- 
self making the best of a very good 
part. 

Mr. Landau mars' the performance 
by an over dressed, over acted town 
sport. Even a small town would not 
let such an absurdity within its lim- 
its, much less have it on the school 
board. Miss Taylor does some real 
acting as the village postmistress. 

The remaining members of the pop- 
ular company and several extra play- 
ers all helps to make a good comedy 
better. 

C. W. Scheu. 



"All on Account of Eliza" 

"All on Account of Eliza," the of- 
fering at the Burbank theatre this 
week is, first: More of a farce than 
a comedy as the program states; sec- 
ond: Strictly a two character play, 
the rest of the cast, though all funny 
individually, when taken collectively, 
their comedy was written only to 
"feed" the two better parts; third: 
What's the difference what it is so 



Bill This Week at the Orpheum 

The most worthy attraction at the 
Orpheum this past week was the 
Basque Quartette, heard in selections 
from favorite grand opera. The in- 
dividual voices are all good, quite 
unusually so in the case of the tenor, 
and the ensemble singing is satisfac- 
tory. The Tyrolean costumes worn 
are picturesquely attractive, and the 
whole act is an example of what is 
best in vaudeville attraction. The 
McNarghtons, a pair of English com- 
edians, give a highly amusing quarter 
hour of clean comedy, and while 
they held the boards the laughs were 
numerous. Actors of parts like Mr. 
Underwood and Frances Slosson 




ARTURO BERNARDI, AT THE O RPHEUM 



long as it makes you laugh, and this 
it does with a vengeance. 

■Much indeed happens on account 
of Eliza, for Eliza is a pretty school 
steadier who comes to a small town, 
wears becoming clothes, sings French 
songs,' has well shaped shoulders and 
dainty ankles, and when the occasion 
permits, is not afraid to show them. 
Naturally all the men in town are 
enchanted and for that reason all 
women are, just as naturally, jealous; 
they lose no time, in trumping up 
enough scandalous charges to demand 
her immediate dismissal as the teach- 
er. Eliza proves especially seductive 
to Franz HOchstuhl, a quaint, droll, 
kindly old gentleman, who, as presi- 
dent of the school trustees by both 
voice and fistic ability champions her. 
She shows her appreciation by mar- 
rying his son. 

Harry Mestayer should, be thankful 
-for this opportunity, so should his 
audience, for he gives them a real 
character study; an artistic perform- 
ance, a creation. His "Hochstuhl" is 
not oyer done and burlesqued as most 
actors 'have -a habit-of, playing a Ger- 
man, instead, he adds quaint little 
.touches and^tiny bits of almost ob- 
scure "business" that makes his por- 
.trayal lovable and genuinely liie like. 



should find a less over-worked and 
vulgar theme for their playlet. Mine. 
Painta is a flutist who understands 
the capabilities of her instrument, 
produces a sympathetic tone, and is 
a good technician. The Bros. Per- 
mane are clever whistlers, and their 
"Nightingales Making Love" was ori- 
ginal and funny. 



Mason 

There are very few women on the 
stage who can be genuinely funny, 
that is without resorting to horseplay 
and buffoonery, and among the num- 
ber is undoubtedly Marie Cahill, who 
is to be 'seen at the Mason Opera 
House during the week of February 
1,4th, in her new play, "The Boys and 
Betty." True humor is a saving grace 
and wherever it is found is generally 
accompanied by good nature as well. 
In this respect Miss Cahill is no ex- 
ception to the rule and she is un- 
doubtedly one of the easiest stars to 
"manage" before the American pub- 
lic. This season Miss Cahill has a 
number of new song hits and certainly 
no one can sing them better than this 
charming comedienne. The new play 
is- by George V.- Hohart, who pro- 
vided the book, and Silvio Hein, w'ho 
composed the musk, and it is said 



to possess a sane and consistent story ' 
and is a distinct departure in the 
right direction. In the cast are W. 
G. Stewart, Sam B. Hardy, Wallace 
McCutcheon, Jr., James B. Carson, 
Edward Earle, Lucien Kesney, Ken- 
neth Davenport, Anna Mooney, Hat- 
tie Fox, Jane Rutledge and Mary 
Mooney, and, of course, an attractive 
chorus. Particular stress is placed 
upon the beauty of the costumes and 
the production from a scenic view- 
point. 



Majestic 

"Babes in Toyiand" comes to the 
Majestic, Sunday night, for the week, 
with matinees Wednesday and Sat- 
urday. 

The book and lyrics are the work 
of Glen MadEoitough. Both are re- 
plete with clean, clever humor. Mr. 
Victor Herbert who gave us "The 
Fortune Teller," contributed some 
ambitious music of a light and spir- 
ited nature yet tuneful and pleasing. 
The mountings are handsome and the 
costumes, groupings and stage pic- 
tures in the best of taste. The en- 
tire original production will be given 
here as used in the New York and 
Chicago runs. 

The cast this season includes Budd 
Ross, Helen McLeod, Gus Pixley, Ma- 
rie Malatesta, John F. Ward, Ida 
Ward, Leon Mayo, Amy Thropp, Jes- 
sie Vernice, Zola Rappe and Ethel 
Vernon, and a chorus of show girls 
and choristers. 



Orpheum 

With two headliners to offer its 
patrons, the Orpheum during the 
week beginning Monday matinee, Feb.' 
7th, will present an excellent bill. 

Arturo Bernardi and the Willy 
Pantzer trpupe are the leading attrac- 
tions. M. Bernardi not only gives an 
entire drama by himself, but he plaj'S 
a second comedy, also, the latter with 
transparent scenery, so that his every 
change may be plainly seen, showing 
that he has only the help of his dress- 
ers in his work, and that no other 
helps him in his dramatic character- 
izations. And still more: He leads 
the house orchestra, made up in suc- 
cession as the greatest of conductors, 
such as Sousa, Verdi, Meyerbeer, 
Wagner and others, and all with 
complete change of attire and facial 
makeup. 

Willy Pantzer is an acropanto- 
mimic, and his present troupe of sev- 
en has been developed into a splen- 
did act. Pantzer has brought his 
juniors up to a skillful mark almost 
equal to his own. His act is called 
"The Limit," and is said to be very 
appropriately titled. 

Mr. and Mrs. Frederic Voelker 
have "Twilight in the Studio" as an 
excuse for some fine musical devel- 
opments. Mr. Voelker is a violinist, 
while his wife is an accompanying 
pianiste of merit. They portray the 
successive stages in rhe progress of a 
genius, at the same time affording the 
audience musical treats. 

Una Clayton, the versatile actress- 
author, comes in a playlet of her own, 
"His Local Color," a story concern- 
ing a bit of New York's east side. 

Franklyn Underwood and Frances 



Slosson will offer "Things Are Sel- 
dom What They Seem" as their sec- 
ond week's sketch. Belle Davis and 
her crackerjacks, Fox & Foxie, and 
the Basque Quartette, with new mo- 
tion pictures complete the bill. 



Burbank 

Olive Porter's drama, "The Ring- 
master," a stage presentation of Wall 
Street, its financial battles and, in the 
shadow, its romance, will be the of- 
fering of the Burbank stock company 
during the week beginning tomorrow 
(Sunday) afternoon and including the 
customary matinee performance Sat- 
urday. The play never yet has been 
presented by a stock company any- 
where in the world. 

"The Ringmaster" was played in 
Los Angeles at the Auditorium a 
few months ago and proved a strong 
and interesting work. Its story in- 
troduces JohnLe Baron, Jr., whose 
father, in his day a power in the 
street, has left him a colossal fortune. 
Le Baron falls in love with Eleanor 
Hillary who persuades him to enter 
upon a business career. The young 
man does so, invading Wall Street, 
but taking with him strict ideas of 
honesty. He soon finds himself in a 
struggle with old man Hillary, "The 
Ringmaster," for the control of cer- 
tain corporations. Hillary adopts de- 
vious methods in his tight but finally 
is defeated, his daughter who had 
thought Le Baron guilty of the trick- 
ery really practiced by her own father 
forgiving him and pledging herself in 
marriage to his conqueror. 

A. Byron Beasley will play Le Ba- 
ron and Miss Frances Nordstrom will 
be see as Eleanor Hillary. The char- 
acter of "The Ringmaster" will be 
played by David M. Hartford. 

The Burbank's attraction for the 
week beginning Feb. 13th will be Dus- 
tin Farnum's success, "Cameo Kirby," 
never yet played by a stock company 
anywhere in the world. 



"The Man of the Hour' Another 
Week at the Belasco 
The tremendous success of George 
Broadhurst's play "The Man of the 
Hour" has decided the management 
to run it again next week. 



Modesty on the Bench 

A certain prominent English jurist 
was transferred from the chancery 
court to the- admiralty court rather 
unexpectedly. While conversant with 
English law to a surprising degree, 
this gentleman had spent little time 
in marine law, and was rather dubious 
as to his ability to cope with the 
duties of his new office. 

His colleagues, in recognition of the 
occasion, gave him a dinner, after 
which he was called upon for an ad- 
dress. He made a long and serious 
speech, which embraced about every- 
thing, from free trade to England's 
foreign policy. Then, pausing a mo- 
ment, he glanced round the crowded 
room and said: 

"Gentlemen, in closing, I can think 
of no better words than the lines of 
Tennyson: 

"'And may there be no moaning of 
the bar 

When I put out to sea.' " 

— Youth's Companion. 



Orpheum 

VAUDEVILLE 

"Arturo Bernardi 

The World's Greatest Pro- 
tean Artist 
Willy Pantzer Co. 

Acronantomimists 
Mr. & Mrs. Fred'k V. Oelker 

"Twilight in the Studio" 
Ura Clayton & Co. 

"His Local Color" 



Matinee Every Day 

Both Phones — 1447 
Nights— 10c. 25c, 50c. 75c. 
Matinees Daily — 10c, 25c. 50c. 
Cammencmn Mnnrfay Matinre, Feb. 7 
Underwood & Slosson 
"Things Are Seldom as 
They Seem" 
Basque Quartette 

Grand Opera Selections 
Belle Davis 

and her Crackerjacks 
Fox & Foxie Circvs 
Dogs. Cats, Ponies 




ORPHEUM MOTION PICTURES' 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



13 



LOS ANGELES CITY WORK AND LEGISLATION 

An indexed review ol all action by Council, Board of Public Works, Commissions and Officials, relating to property 
improvement or of general interest. Record closes Wednesday night. 



Public Worh by Streets 

1st St.: i stab, curli lines on l>t 

Ramparf Blvd and 
alth Ave. Adopted. 
1st St. Tunnel; .1 the Tun- 

nel Improvement Association for the 

in of a tunnel under 
St. from Broadway to Fremont Ave. 
in ref. to Bd*. Tub. V. 
2nd St.; City Eng. presented dupli- 
nent district for 
ivement of said street. A.; 
2nd St., Los Center; 

City i nted duplicate maps of 

•ment district for sewer work 
along said Street. Adopted. 

3rd St.; ord. of intention to change 
and establish grade of north side of 
3rd S;. from Saratoga to 341.32 feet 
Adopted. 
4th St.; ord. of intention to improve 
St , Lorena to Indiana. Adopted. 
Alley; ord. of intention to improve 
first alley southwest from 7th St. be- 
tween Hill and Olive Sts., etc. 

6th St.; pet. from Frank H. Waite, 
et al, con plaining of the neglect of 
the street railway company in paving 
\Y Sixth St. from Figueroa St. to 
Olive St., between their tracks. Pet. 
referred to the City Atty. for the 
necessary ordinance. 

6th St.; ord. estab. grade of 6th 
St., Central to Alameda. Adopted. 

8th St., Broadway to Figueroa; 
protest from Gertrude Taft and R. J. 
igainst widening. Ref. to Sts. 
an.] Blvds. Com. 

Eth St.; pet. from E. 1'. Bryan, ask- 

hat immediate action be taken 

relative to the widening of 8th St. 

from Main St. to Central Ave. Filed. 

8th St.; City Atty. slated that inter- 
locutory judgment has been entered 
in re widening of 8th St. from Main 
to Central and recommended that C. 
E. prepare map of assessment district 
and furnish Bd. Pub. Wks. Adopted. 

10th St.; ord. estab. grade of W. 
10th St. from F to Fries Sts. 
Adopted. 

11th St.; ord. estab. grade of W. 
11th St. from F to Fries Sts. 
Adopted. 

39th St., Vermont to Menlo; final 
ord. for widening. Adopted. 

D St.; ord. estab. grade of D St. 
from 346.70 ft. north of W. 11th St. 
to W. 9th St. Adopted. 

E St.; ord. estab. grade of E St. 
from 34170 ft. north of W. 11th St. 
to W. 9th St. Ado"ted. 

Allev. east of Breed St. and north 
from Marengo: final ord. abandoning 
portion of said alley. Adooted. 

Alley; vacation of certain portions 
of alley lying north of Marengo St. 
and east of Cornwell St., as contem- 
plated by Ord. of Intention. Adopted. 

Alley; vacation of certain portions 
of allev lying north of Blocks 6 and 
7 of the Brooklyn tract, as contem- 
plated by Ord. Ado' ted. 

Alleys; vacation of allcvs south of 
Marengo St. and cast of Cornwell St., 
ontemplated by Ord. Adopted. 

Allev: vacation of alley lying south 
of Griffin We, and west of Co=mo 
St., as contemplated by Ord. 
\ ■ 1 . 1 1) t ed . 

Arlington St.; vacation of a portion 
of Arlington St. from the north line 
16th Si. to a point 438 6 feet 
northerly, as contemplated by Ord. 
\do- ted. 

Avalon St.; City Eng. presented du- 
plicate map* of assessment district 
i np nent of said street from 

Preston St to Echo Park. Ado-.led. 

Broadway; pet. from the Wilming- 



Imp. Co., et al. I 

if Broadway to a width of 80 feet 
from the south line of 7th St. to the 
high tide line of Wilmington, in v\i 
mington. Ref. to Bd. rub. Wks. 

Brittania St.; vacation of portions 
ittania St., as contemplated by 
Ord. of Intention. Adopted. 

Brittania St.; pet. from Lorenzo 
Romans, et al. for sewering. Granted 
and ref. to City Eng. for ord. 

Breed St.; vacation of a portion of 
Breed St., as contemplated by Ord. 
oi Intention. Adopted. 

Coronado St., bet. Mattison and 
Bluff; re, oris of Oil Inspector and 
Bd. Pub. Wks. calling attention to 
condition brought about by grading 
said street. City Eng. instructed to 
take up in order of importance, the 
preparation of necessary plans and 
specifications for construction of the 
entire storm sewer required north of 
Pico St. 

Crown Hill Ave. and Boylston St.; 
protest from Eugene Nollac against 
improvement. Denied. 

Cosmo St.; vacation of portions of 
Cosmo St., as contemplated by Ord. 
Adopted. 

Cosmo St.; pet. from Lorenzo Ro- 
mans, et al, for sewering. Granted 
and ref. to City Eng. for ord. 

Cornwall St.; vacation of a portion 
of Cornwall St., as contemplated by 
Ord. Adopted. 

Commonwealth Ave.; pet. from B. 
D. Clugston, et al, for the improve- 
ment of Commonwealth Ave. between 
Champlain St. and Melrose Ave. un- 
der the Bond Act. Granted and re- 
ferred to the City Eng. for ordinance. 

Casanova St.; pet. from Mrs. W. 
Harste, for the improvement of Cas- 
anova St., between Yuba St. and 
Bouett St., under the Bond Act. 
Granted and referred to the City Eng. 
for ordinance. 

Cornwell St.; pet. from Lorenzo 
Romans, et al, for the sewering of 
Cornwell St. Granted and referred 
to the City Eng. for ordinance. 

Cottage Place; pet. from M. C. Le- 
bus, et al, for the improvement of 
Cottage Place, after same has been 
widened. Granted and referred to the 
City Eng. for ordinance. 

Cottage Place; pet. from Martha 
C. Lebus, et al, for the widening of 
Cottage Place to a width of 30 feet. 
Referred to the Bd. Pub. Wks with 
instructions to confer with the prop- 
erty owners in the immediate vicinity 
of the proposed widening and ascer- 
tain whether or not said widening 
meets with their approval and report 
back to the Council their findings. 

Chicago St.; vacation of certain 
portions of Chicago St.. as contem- 
plated 1 by Ord. of Intention. Adopted. 

Compton Ave.; pet. from A. R. 
Young, et al. for the improvement of 
Compton Ave., between 20th St. and 
38th St.. under the Bond Act. Granted 
and referred to the City Eng. for 
ordinance. 

Charlotte St.; pet. from Lorenzo 
Romans, et al, for sewering. Granted 
and ref. to City Eng. for ord. 

Denker Ave.; ord. fixing and estab. 
curb lines of Denker Ave. between 
48:h St. and Western Ave. Park. 
Adooted. 

Fries St.; ord. fixing and establish- 
ing enrb lines on west side of Fries 
St. (Wilmington"! from center line of 
that portion of West 11th St. lying 
;ast of Fries St. Adopted. 

Gramercy Place; ord. changing 
name to Gamier Place. Adopted. 



Gamier Place; ord changing name 
to Gramery Place. Adopted! 

Garnet St.; ord. to i stab grade of 
Garnel St.. Boyle Ave. to west line of 
O. P. Lockhart Tr. Adopted 

Gillette St.; vacation of portions of 
Gillette St., as contemplated by Ord. 
of Intention. Adopted. 

Guava St.; ord. to estab. grade of 
i. una St., Ave. 50 to 240 ft. west. 
Adopted. 

Hoover St.; City Eng. reported: "On 
September 4, 1909, I called the atlen 
tion of your honorable body to the 
irregularity in the lines of Hoover St. 
between Vernon Ave. and Manchester 
Ave., and recommended that the City 
Atty. be instructed to begin condem- 
nation proceedings to widen said 
Hoover St. to a uniform width of 
eighty feet, and that I be instructed 
to furnish him the necessary descrip- 
tions. This recommendation was duly 
adopted by you. Upon further con- 
sideration, however, I have come to 
the conclusion that it would be bet- 
ter to fix the northerly limit of this 
opening at Santa Barbara Ave., rather 
than Vernon Ave., as heretofore de- 
scribed, and I am referring the mat- 
ter to you with the recommendation 
that the limits be changed according- 
ly if such action meets with your ap- 
proval, and if they are changed that 
you refer the matter to the Council 
with your recommendation and with 
the request that the matter be re- 
ferred to the City Atty. for the neces- 
sary ordinance, and that I be in- 
structed to make surveys and furnish 
him with the descriptions necessary 
for said ordinance." Adopted. 

Howard St.; reporting on petition 
of Kahn Tract Co. requesting the 
abandonment of a portion of Howard 
St., recommending that same be 
granted on certain conditions. Ref. 
to Sts. and Blvds. Com. 

Isabel St.; pet. from A. E. Hayes, 
et al, asking that the proceedings for 
the improvement of Isabel St. between 
Jeffries Ave. and Pepper Ave. be 
abandoned and that said work be done 
under the Vrooman Act. Ref. to Bd. 
Pub. Wks. 

Kingston St.; vacation of portions 
of Kingston St., as contemplated by 
Ord. of Intention. Adonted. 

L. A. Main Sewer; City Atty. in- 
structed to bring suit against D. M. 
Leary and his bondsmen who failed 
or neglected to enter into the neces- 
sary contract in the time prescribed 
by law for the construction of Sec. 
3 of the So. L. A. Main Sewer. 



Lemoyne St.; proceedings now 
pending for tie improvement of Le- 
moyne St. from Sunset Blvd. to Scott 
Ave., which proceedings are under the 
so-called Hammon Act. abandoned, 
and the Eng, he instructed to prepare 
an ord. for said work under the Bond 
Act. 

Macy St.; pet. of the Brooklyn 
Heights Imp. Assn. and protest of the 
L. A. County Pioneers Assn. in re 
change of name of Macy St. from 
Alain St. to Brooklyn Ave. Ref. to 
the Sts. and Blvds. Com. for further 
consideration. 

Magnolia Ave.; report of Bd. Pub. 
Wks. recommending that the sum of 
$100.40 be transferred to Eng, Dept. 
Fund to pay assessment for the con- 
struction of a sewer on Magnolia Ave. 
in front of school property. Ref. to 
Fin. Com. 

Marengo St.; pet. from Lorenzo 
Romans, et al, for sewering. Granted 
and ref. to City Eng. for ord. 

Maple Ave.; ord. of int. to improve 
Marie Ave. between 5th and 7th Sts. 
Adopted. 

Menlo Ave.; City (Eiig. reported 
that the settling chamber in the out- 
fall sewer has been removed and a 
demand for $250.00 issued in payment 
therefor. Filed. 

Matthews St.; ord. of, intension, to 
change and establish grade of Mat- 
thews St. from 840 feet south of 4th 
St. to 6th St. and 6th St. from Soto 
to 360 feet east of Mott St. Adopted. 

Newland St.; pet, from B. F. Bon- 
ner, objecting to the proposed change 
of grade of Newland St.. near Hamlet 
St. Ref. to Bd. Pub. Wks. 

Orange St.; appeal from Jas. Copp 
against improvement of Orange St. 
from Figueroa to Alvarado. Denied. 

Olive St ; City Atty. reported that 
interlocutory judgment has been en- 
tered in case of City vs. R. Verch, 
et al, for opening of Olive St. between 
37th Place and 38th St., and recom- 
mended that the City Eng. furnish 
map of assessment district to Bd. 
Pub. Wks. Adopted. 

Prewett St.; pet. from F. M. Pech, 
et al, for the extension of Prewett 
St. to a certain point in Minnesota St. 
Ref. to Bd. Pub. Wks. 

Plymouth St.; pet. from Lorenzo 
Romans, et al. for sewering, Granted 
and ref. to City Eng. for ord. 

Plymouth St.; vacation of a portion 
of Plymouth St., as contemplated by 
Ord. Adopted. 

Pennsylvania Ave.; pet. from Frank 
S. Thede, et al, for the improvement 




Nothing Like It Anywhere 



jtm . The Great Scenic Railway Trolley Trip. Most won- 

fl/H Lt0lV6 derfnl °f them all in diversity and beauty of its 

* scenery and scope and variety of its views Two 

; r hours from Los Angeles to the crest of the Sierras. 

Other Points of Interest to Tourists: 

Pasadena, San Gabriel Mission, Founded in 1771; Monrovia 
Sierra Madre and Glendale 

Beautiful Seashore Rides embrace Long Beach, San Pedro, Point Fir- 
min. Huntington Beach. Newport and Balboa and Catalina Island. All 
m?de possible by fast and freauent service with the Big Red Cars from 
Sixth and Main Sts. Terminal, Los Angeles, Cal. 



\4 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



of Pennsylvania Ave. between Mat- 
thew St. and Fickett St., under the 
cash provisions of the Johnson Act. 
Granted and ireferred to the City Eng. 
for ordinance. 

Pasadena Ave.; ord. estab. name of 
Pasadena Ave. from east line of offi- 
cial bed of the L. A. River to Ave. 
50. Adopted. 

Prichard St.; ord. fixing and estab. 
curb lines of Pricha.rd St., from North 
Broadway to Mission Road. Adopted. 

So. Park Ave.; ord. of intention to 
change and establish grade of South 
Pairk Ave. from Jefferson St. to Slau- 
son Ave. Adopted. 

Safford St.; vacation of certain por- 
tions of Safford St., as contemplated 
by Ord. of Intention. Adopted. 

Santa Fe Ave. Main Sewer; final 
ord. to sewer Santa Fe Ave. from 
Vernon Ave. to Ed.win St. Adopted. 

State St.; pet. from Lorenzo Ro- 
mans, et al, for sewering. Granted 
and ref. to City Eng. for ord. 

St. Louis St.; vacation of portions 
of St. Louis St., as contemplated by 
Ord. of Intention. Adopted. 

Thomas St, 'Downey to Altura; 
City Eng. presented duplicate maps 
of assessment district for sewer work 
along said street. Adopted. 

Vermont Ave.; ord. of intention to 
improve Vermont Ave. between Santa 
Monica Ave. and Santa Barbara Ave. 
Adopted. 

Wabash Ave.; pet. of Carrie Eddy 
Sheffler, et al, asking that the strip 
of land known and' used as Wabash 
Ave. between Soto and Cornwell Sts. 
be made a legal street. 'Denied. 

Warehouse Court; pet. from Ma- 
jara Bldg. Co. requesting vacation of 
said court. Ref. to Sts. and Blvds. 
Com. 

Wilmington St.; ord. estab. grade 
of Wilmington from 34670 ft. north of 
W. 11th St. to W. 9th St. Adopted. 

Wawel St.; vacation of certain por- 
tions of Wawel St., as contemplated 
by Ord. of Intention. Adopted. 

Yosemite St.; vacation of portions 
of Yosemite St., as contemplated by 
Ord. of Intention. Adopted. 



General Legislation 

Action to Quiet Title; pet. from 
Marie Forrester, asking that a cer- 
tain action in 'the Superior Court, 
to quiet title to land at the corner 
of Bishop Road and Savoy St., be 
dismissed. Petition denied and filed. 

Animal Ord.; pet. from W. H. Av- 
ery, et al, for an ordinance prohibit- 
ing any cows, goats, etc., in the West- 
moreland tract. Ref. to the Legisla- 
tion Com. 

Anderson Tract; recommending that 
the sum of $68.97 be transferred to 
the credit of the City Eng. Dept. to 
pay certain assessments in Anderson 
tract which was condemned for street 
purposes. Adopted 1 . 

Additional Rooms in City Hall; 
Inspector of Bldgs. reported on the 
feasibility of making additional rooms 
at the City Hall, stating that 6 or 8 
rooms can be made, etc. Ref. to Bldg. 
Com. 

Building Ordinance; ordinance 
amending Ordinance No. 19,575 (New 
Series) approved December 24, 1909, 
and entitled "An ordinance regulating 
the erection, construction, alteration, 
raising, repairing, building upon, 
moving, demolishing and maintaining 
buildings and other structures, and 
the use thereof; providing for the is- 
suing of permits for the same; pro- 
viding for the condemnation of build- 
ings and other structures dangerous 
to property, life or limb; and fixing 
a penalty for the violation of any of 
the provisions thereof." Adopted. 

Bridge in Sycamore Grove Park; 
Bridge Com. reported as follows: 
"The City Eng. has prepared for the 
Park Com. and presented to this 
board plans and specifications for the 
construction of a concrete arch 



bridge in Sycamore Grove Park. We 
submitted the said plans and' speci- 
fications to the Park Commission and 
they have returned the same to us 
with a request that we advertise for 
bids therefor. We therefore present 
herewith a resolution authorizing us 
to advertise for bids and to award 
and enter into the necessary con- 
tract for the said work, etc." Adopted. 

Charges Against Street Dept.; Sts. 
and Blvds. Com. reported as follows: 
We beg to report that this committee 
has had a conference with the mem- 
bers of the Board of Public Works 
in re remarks of President Works 
affecting the Street Department, and 
wish ,to further report that the mat- 
ter is being given the careful inves- 
tigation, and we recommend that we 
be granted additional time in which 
to complete the investigation. 
Granted. 

City Plumber; pet. from P. T. Sul- 
livan, asking that the office of City 
Plumber be created 1 and that same be 
appointed. Ref. to Sup. Com. 

Damage by Water; pet. from M. T. 
Johnson; et al, asking for protection 
from further damage by the stream 
in the Arroyo Seco at Avenue 42. Ref. 
to Bd. Pub. Wks. and City Atty. for 
report. 

Damage Claim; demand of Harry 
C. 'Banbury, being for claim of dam- 
ages alleged to have been sustained, 
in the sum of $5,000, by reason of 
the improvement of Downey Ave. 
between Ave. 18 and Mission Road. 
Referred to the City Atty. for report 
as to the legality of the claim. 

Damage Claim; Bd. Pub. Wks. re- 
ported as to the legality of claim of 
Jno. M. Curry for damages by reason 
of the flooding of his store, 3623 Vcr_ 
mont Ave., recommending same be 
denied. Adopted. 

Damage Claim; pet. of Geo. W. 
Slayton asking damages on account 
of personal injuries received' by be- 
ing run down by patrol wagon. 
Recommended denied. 

Engstrum Demand; in the matter 
of demands in the sum of $9,000 in 
favor of F. O. Engstrum Co. before 
the Board of Public Works for inves- 
tigation and report as to certain ir- 
regularities in the construction of the 
work, recommending the approval of 
said demands. Ref. to City Atty. for 
opinion as to what authority Bldg. 
Inspector had in ordering change of 
specifications. 

Extra Land for High School; Bd. 
of Education requested that city do- 
nate piece of land (belonging to city) 
about 120 ft. square, adjoining the 
ground's of L. A. High School on the 
west and fronting on N. . .Hill St., 
where said street descends the hill to 
connect with Sunset Blvd.; only ac- 
cess to said lot being over High 
School grounds. Ref. to Land Com. 

Fire Districts; draft of ordinance 
fixing and establishing the fire dis- 
tricts of the City of Los Angeles. 
Adopted. 

Garbage Ord.; pet. from the L. A. 
Restaurant Men's Assn., et al, for a 
hearing on the subject of the new 
garbage ordinance. Ref. to the Legis- 
lation Com. 

Harbor Representative at Washing- 
ton; sum of $500 appropriated for ex- 
penses of a representative to go 
to Washington and appear before 
committees in Congress who are con- 
sidering matters vitally affecting San 
Pedro harbor. 

Harbor Reoresentative; com. from 
Senator F. R. Flint, asking that a 
representative be sent to Washington 
to aonear before the committee in re 
establishment of a line of steamers 
along the Pacific Coast in connection 
with the Panama R. R. Ref. to the 
Har. Com. 

Health and Morals 'Committee 
Formed; Whereas, the social and 
moral conditions of the very poor in 
this city, especially of the foreign 
population, are so unfortunate for 



them and so detrimental to the best 
interests of the city, as to call for 
immediate and earnest action on the 
part of the city and all .good citizens; 
and 

Whereas, we have a Housing Com- 
mission and a Playground Commis- 
sion composed of earnest men and 
women who are conscientiously en- 
deavoring to ameliorate these condi- 
tions; and 

Whereas, the city is unable, out of 
the revenues provided 1 for it, to fur- 
nish funds sufficient to carry on the 
important work of these two commis- 
sions effectively; 

Now, Therefore, Resolved: 

1. This Council appeals to every 
church, club, benevolent, and all other 
organizations in the city, and to every 
good citizen having an interest in the 
welfare and good name of the city, 
and in the welfare of its poor, to con- 
tribute liberally to a fund hereinafter 
provided for to meet the needs 
of the poor, the unfortunate and the 
afflicted. 

2. That there be, and is hereby, es- 
tablished a fund in the treasury to 
be known as the Benevolent Fund. 

3. That all sums donated for the 
purpose mentioned above be paid into 
said fund and paid out only upon the 
order of the said Housing Commis- 
sion or the Playground Commission 
with the consent of this Council, one- 
half -to each, to be used only in the 
carrying out of the purposes for 
which said commissions, respectively, 
are formed. 

4. The Housing Commission and 
Playground Commission are each au- 
thorized' to solicit donations to said 
fund; and' all moneys received by 
them, or either of them, shall be at 
once accounted for and paid into said 
fund. 

5. That the City Atty. he, and is 
hereby, instructed to prepare and pre- 
sent to this Council an ordinance reg- 
ulating all courts, residences or other 
places rented or used for the housing 
of the poor, and for the inspection 
and control thereof by the Housing 
Commission, Board of Health, or 
other officer of the city duly author- 
ized. 

6. That the rules of this Council 
be amended by adding another to the 
number of standing committees, to be 
known as the Health and Morals 
Committee, whose duty it shall be, 
among other things, to co-operate 
with and aid the Housing Commis- 
sion, Playground Comnvssion and 
Board of Health in their work. 
Adopted. 

Industrial Diist.; pet. from Frank 
F. Gross, asking that a certain lot at 
the corner of 23rd St. and Vermont 
Ave. be included within the Industrial 
Dist. Ref. to Bd. Pub. Wks. 

Industrial Dist.; pet. from J. F. Mc- 
Govern, asking that the two lots at 
the northeast corner of Vermont Ave. 
and 48th St., be included within the 
Industrial Dist. Ref. to 'Bd. Pub. 
Wks. 

Industrial Dist.; pet. from Clara A. 
Martin, et al, asking that the terri- 
tory bounded by the iS. P. R. R. and 
Vermont Ave., thence north to 37th 
St., thence west to Walton Ave., be 



included in the Industrial District. 
Ref. to Bd. Pub. Wks. 

Lands for Park Purposes; final ord. 
ordering acquisition of certain lands 
for park purposes. Adopted. 

Liquor Licenses; pet. from Bertha 
Hahn, et al, asking that the ordinance 
fixing the zone within which permits 
may be granted for licenses for whole- 
sale and retail liquors be amended so 
as to include .both sidies of North 
Main St. from the L. A. River to Ave. 
21. Ref. to Pub. Wei. Com. 

Lease; draft of lease between city 
and T. J. Coulter and wife for prem- 
ises at 634 N. Belmont Ave. Adopted. 

Lease; leasing rooms in Copp 
Bldg. for Oil Inspector. Adopted. 

Lincoln's Birthday; com. from W. 
G. Lincoln, relative to the observ- 
ance of Lincoln's birthday. Filed. 

Oil Ordinance; draft of ordinance 
regulating the erection, maintenance 
and operation of oil pumping cables, 
over and across public streets, alleys 
and other public places. Adopted. 

Oil Inspector; draft of ordinance 
creating the office of Oil Inspector 
and prescribing his powers and du- 
ties, regulating the drilling and main- 
tenance of oil wells, the storage, 
transportation and sale of oil. 
Adopted. 

Peddlers' Ord.; report of the City 
Sealer of Weights and Measures. 
City Atty. instructed to prepare and 
present to the Council an ord. as 
recommended by the City Scaler, 
which is as follows: "No person, firm 
or corporation shall sell or offer for 
sale in any market, or in the public 
streets, or in any other place in the 
City of Los Angeles any fruits, vege- 
tables or other produce at or for a 
greater weight or measure than the 
true weight of measure thereof; and 
all such fruit, vegetables or other pro- 
duce, and poultry and provisions of 
every kind sold in any market, pub- 
lic street, or elsewhere in the City 
of Los Angeles, shall be weighed by 
scales or balance or measured in 
measures duly tested and stamped by 
the Sealer of Weights and 'Measures; 
provided that the provisions of this 
section shall not apply to such vege- 
tables as may be sold by the head or 
bunch, or such fruit as 'may be sold 
by the dozen, or in .boxes the size 
of which conform to the standards of 
dry measure." Ref. to Legislation 
Com. for further consideration. 



$3 



CASH Puts a 
Piano in Your 
Home : : : 

During our Great Remodeling and 
Removal Clearance Sale, Prices 
Radically Reduced. Every Piano 
must find a home at once. We'll 
arrange terms to suit. $3 CASH 
secures the Piano you prefer. 
Look Into This QUICK! 

Lucore Piano Co. 

7th and Hope Opp. P. 0. Block 



BANIi CLEARINGS 



Los Angeles bank clearings from Jan. 27th to Feb. 2d inclusive, 

showing comparisons with corresponding weeks in 1909 and 1908: 

1910. 1909. 1908. 

January 27 $2,576,115.45 $1,532,392.04 $1,088,389.48 

January 28 2129.819.06 1,545.875.14 1,123,919.75 

January 29 1,955.477.39 1.476.169.71 1,322,250.47 

January 31 2,170.209.66 2,172.260.24 1,624.159.38 

February 1 2,999.376.02 3,117,046.25 1,331.398.41 

February 2 3,366,554.34 2,434,973.36 1,483,889.14 

Total ...$15,197,551.91 $12,278,716.74 $7,974,006.63 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



is 



Physicians and Speed Limit; pet. 
from Jno. W. Trueworthy, et al, 
asking the exemption oi practicing 

f-. from the speed 
imit in the spied ordinance Petition 
denied and tiled 

Quit Claim Deed; ord. authorizing 
v oi quit claim deed to Lot 15, 
k 3, Sanchez tr pted. 

Quit Claim Deed; pet. from Jno 

P. Furon, et al. for quit claim deed 

, 4. of the Sanchez 

tract. Ref. to the Lily Atty. for nec- 

ordinance. 

Saloons in San Pedro; com. from 
I' II. Hickman, et al. relative to the 
number of saloons in San Pedro. Ref. 
to Pub. W«l. Com. 

Street Light; pet. from Homer 
Laughlin. el al. asking for an electric 
light at 28th St., west of Figucroa St. 
and Light Com. 

Street Light; pet. from E. C. Koop. 
ct al. for an electric light at the 
northwest corner of 16th and Tober- 
man Sts. Ref. to the Gas and Light 
Com. 

Sunset Park; pet. from D. W. Ed- 
wards, et al. protesting against the 
extension of Sunset Park. Set for 
hearing Feb. 8, 1910, at the hour of 
11 a. m. and in the meantime re- 
ferred to the City Eng. for report as 
to frontage. 

Slaughter House; pet. from J. W. 
Curres, for abatement of slaughter 
house nuisance in the 6th Ward. Ref. 
to Health and Morals Com. 

Spilling Oil on Streets; report of 
the Oil Inspector of January 3, 1910, 
in which he asks that an ordinance 
be adopted prohibiting the spilling 
of oil by automobiles and motorcycles 
on asphalt streets. City Atty. in- 
structed to prepare and present the 
necessary ordinance as recommended 
by the Oil Inspector. 

Signs; ord. regulating maintenance 
of signs. Ref. to Legis. Com. 

Tract No. 584; map of Tract No. 
584, a new subdivision of the Rancho 
San Pedro, Wilmington. Adopted. 

Traffic Ord.; draft of ordinance pro- 
hibiting the maintenance of certain 
carts, wagons and stands upon certain 
streets, and repealing certain ordi- 
nances in conflict therewith. Adopted. 

Traffic Ord.; ordinance regulating 
travel and traffic upon the public 
streets, as presented by the City Atty. 
in his report of January 25, 1910. 
Adopt e'd. 

Tract No. 619; City Eng. presented 
map of said tract, being a new sub- 
division bet. Isabel and Glenalbyn 
Drive. Ref. to Sts. and Blvds. Com. 

Telephone Ord.; City Atty. re- 
ported that the ord. regulating tele- 
phone charges for year commencing 
July 1, 1909, and ending June 30, 
1910, was rejected by a vote of the 
people. The question arises, what 
rates are now in force? The old or- 
dinance expired June 30, 1909, and 
presumably is not now in effect and 
Atty. rec. that an ord. be passed to 
regulate rates until June 30, 1910. 
Ref. to Legis. Com. 

Tideland Suits; "Whereas, the busi- 
ness connected with actions to quiet 
title to tide lands in which city is 
interested, require that the City Atty. 
and J. A. Anderson, special counsel 
for the city go to San Francisco; 

"Resolved,' that $100 be appropri- 
ated for expenses of said trip." 
Adopted. 

Transfer of Lease; pet. from Frank 
Fernandez, asking permission to 
transfer his interest in lease to city 
lands at the corner of Dayton Ave. 
and Ave. 20, to Mrs. Virginia Oldani. 
Request granted and that the City 
Atty. be instructed to prepare and 
present to the Council the necessary 
lease. 

Utilities Companies Reports; the 
Citv Clerk reported that following 
utilities companies had filed their re- 
ports on amount of business done in 
1909: Pacific Light and Power Co., 
The People's Gas and Coke Co.. Pa- 
cific States Tel. and Tel. Co., Home 



Tel. and Tel. Co.. The Domestic G.i.- 
Co., Edison Electric Co. L. A. Gas 
and Electric Corporation. Ref. to Bd 
of Pub. Utilities 

Water Companies to Furnish State- 
ments; "A resolution requiring any 
in, company or corporation 
; water to the city to furnish 
to the City Council 
men I of his or its aff. ir 
quired by law." Adopted 

Water Works Bonds; "A resolution 
for the issu 
City i if Los Angeles in the sum 
of $4,896,000, being part of the issue 
Of $.'3,000,000 bonds authorized by the 
\ otei - of said city at a special 
tion held June 12, 1907." Ref. to Fin. 
Com. 

Water Works Bonds; "An ordi- 
nance of the city of Los Angeles 
ratifying and confirming the sale and 
delivery to Kountze Brothers and A. 
B. I. each and Co. of New York City 
of $1,020,000 Water Works Bonds of 
the city of Los Angeles, being part 
of the issue of $23,000,000 bonds 
authorized at special election held in 
said city on June 12, 1907." Ref. to 
Finance Com. 



WHEN ROOSEVELT RETURNS 



Bids Received 

For Furnishing Rolled Barley, un- 
der Specifications No. 123. 

For Furnishing Meat. 

For Furnishing Machinery and 
Tools required to equip Police Gar- 
age and machine shop, University 
Station. 

For the Construction of the Arroyo 
de los Posos Main Sewer. 



Bids Awarded 

For Furnishing One Automobile, 

under Specifications No. 122. Award- 
ed to Greer-Robbins Company, at 
$1387.30 f. o. b. Los Angeles; time 
of shipment 30 days from execution 
of contract. 

For Furnishing a Ladder for 
Dredge, under Specifications No. 124. 
Awarded to D. C. McCan. at $950.00 
f. o. b. Los Angeles; time of ship- 
ment 24 days; shipping weight 9800 
lbs. estimated. 



Building Permits 

During the month of January, 1910. 
J. J. Backus, Chief Inspector of 
Buildings issued 759 permits, amount- 
ing to $1,766,431, which are classed 
as follows: 

No. of Valua- 
Permits. tion. 
Class A, steel frame.. . 2 $ 400.000 

Class A, rein, con 1 100,000 

Class C 23 353,629 

Class D, 1 story 292 ■ 404,059 

Class D, lyi story 35 75.400 

Class D, 2 story 66 299.S52 

Class D, 3 story 2 13.500 

Sheds 62 6.3S3 

Foundations 4 4,730 

Brick alterations 63 55,145 

Frame alterations 196 51.718 

Demolitions 13 2,015 

Grand total 759 $1,766,431 

Comparison with last year: 
(During the month of 

January, 1909 483 $ 646.007 

Following is a report by wards, 
from Jan. 3rd to Jan. 31st, 1910, in- 
clusive: 

No. of Valua- 

Fermits. tion. 

Ward One 62 $ 51.970 

Ward Two 85 156.241 

Ward Three 98 698.166 

Ward Four 57 143.600 

Ward Five 215 355.132 

Ward Six 114 69.912 

Ward Seven 43 234. "JO 

Ward Fight 20 10 395 

Ward Nine 64 46.275 

Total .759 $1,766,431 

Compiled by Mark C. Colin. Chief 
Clerk. 



tSan Francisco News Letter) 

\\ ill Sai ■• be the first 

..■an city !■ I ido Roosi 

veil on his return to his native land 
. then look for a 
demonstration i . iou sand miles 

from the Pacific I'ort to Wash- 
n, for the West, never more so 
than now, i- ready for Roosevelt. It 
is believed in Washington that if 
Roosevelt should, "on his return from 
come home by way of San 
Francisco it may be taken as a proof 
that he intends to try again for the 
Presidential nomination and election, 
It can mil be gainsaid that should he 
land in San Francisco and start west- 
ward across the continent, the im- 
petus that his cause would receive 
would be sufficient to bounce him 
over any close corporate national 
convention, and land him in the 
White House before the astonished 
gaze of William H. Taft. 

It is not wild reasoning backward 
from the goal to the starting point 
that develops the idea that Roose- 
velt may return to the United States 
via San Francisco. It is a matter of 
common news that he has promised 
the President of the University of 
California that he would deliver a 
series of addresses on the campus at 
Berkeley on his return- from abroad. 
He also has several series of ad- 
dresses and lectures to deliver in Eng- 
land, at Oxford, and in Berlin. It 
would not be strange if he decided to 
return to America by the Asiatic 
route. China and Japan are interest- 
ing countries which the famous hun- 
ter and sociologist has not studied in- 
tensively at first hand. 

A tcur of Asia means a landing at 
San Francisco. 

:San Francisco is ready. The Pan- 
ama-Pacific Exposition Committee 
and the Portoia Committee have 
agreed that there shall be no more 
Portoia celebration until after the big 
Fair, so this city will be in the mood 
for a reception celebration to the 
mighty hunter of lions and stand- 
patters. That is the ephemeral side 
of the matter. 

There is a far deeper and truer 
spirit in California than the mood to 
celebrate which would welcome Col- 
onel Roosevelt. Less than a year of 
President Taft's administration has 
convinced the West that President 
Taft is not the President we expected 
him to be. Perhaps it is Roosevelt's 
fault that Taft is our President — un- 
doubtedly Roosevelt picked him out 
for the place. But there is heard not 
a word of criticism on that score 
against the former President. The 
West feels that he was as much mis- 
taken as we were. 

And it will call upon Roosevelt to 
rectify that mistake. It will not want 
to trust to another Rooseveltian se- 
lection, but would trust to Roosevelt 
himself. 

The Pacific liner, bearing Roosevelt, 
would steam through the Golden Gate 
into a demonstration such as greeted 
the Atlantic fleet. Wharves and rig- 
gings and hill tops would be clustered 
with people. Elba is a place neither 
north or south or east or west. It is 
the material fairyland from whence 
our real heroes or conquerors come. 
Cannes, Napoleon's port of disem- 
barkation on his return from Elba, 
was small and safe for the surrepti- 
tious launching of a monster project. 

San Francisco would be the mag- 
nificent Cannes for a Rooseveltian ex- 
ploit. Roosevelt would immediately 
become the victim of a movement. 
He would be the swimmer on the 
wave. He could not raise his hand 
and demand a cessation of the clamor 
which he would stimulate, but that 
the clamor would deepen ten-fold. 
He could not refuse the nomination 
as he landed at San Francisco, as the 
nomination would not be handed him. 
All that he could do would be to re- 



ceive the ovations of a people filling 

the streets with their cheers. 

California would start the Roose- 
velt boom. Nevada would take it up. 
Utah, Colorado, Wyoming, every 
State over which the Roosevelt train 
would flock to the railroad and 
. cheer, cheer for the man who 
had come home. When the train 
stopped to take on water, it would 
really stop through no volition on 
the part of its passenger to take on 
votes. 

Chicago would be reached. Chicago 
is Rooseveltian. There would be a 
demonstration that would rival the re- 
ception in San Francisco. New York 
would be approached. The chronic 
cynicism of the East would be dis- 
sipated by the fact that a New Yorker 
was returning to Washington, pre- 
sumably, through his native State. 

And the most splendid part of the 
entire movement would be that Roose- 
velt, on his return from Elba, selected 
San Francisco as his Cannes, and that 
while he would not have to flaunt his 
standards nor issue a proclamation, 
the people would spring to his side, 
duly registered voters, ready to march 
afoot with him, if need be, to re-es- 
tablish his policies and revive the 
Rooseveltian era at sad, sunken 
Washington. 



CIVIL PENSIONS 



Now that all the members of Taft's 
Cabinet unite with him in urging that 
pension system he adopted for the 
civil service, not merely as a matter 
of justice, but of economy, the sub- 
ject should be viewed carefully and 
without prejudice by the public and 
particularly by Congress. Years ago 
the preponderant sentiment of the 
country began to favor a change by 
which the clerical staff would become 
practically paramount so far as poli- 
tics was concerned, while, of course, 
the heads would go in or out with the 
party they represented. This is the 
rule in Great Britain and it works 
well. It is getting to be the rule in 
the United States, but the politicians 
of all parties are still laboring to de- 
ceive the public. This cannot be done 
much longer. The staff in every de- 
partment will shortly stay for life, or 
good behavior. In almost every great 
private business this is the rule. But 
with this thoroughly business-like 
transformation there comes the duty 
of the government, a duty recognized 
already in other countries and in a 
vast number of private corporations, 
of taking care in a respectable way 
of superannuated employes. — Dayton 
Herald. 



CITY FAMILIES DIE OUT 



Amnion, in his studies of the people 
of the small cities of Carlsruhe and 
Freiburg, proves that city-born people 
diminish in the course of one and 
two generations from 100 per cent to 
29 per cent and 15 per cent. He be- 
lieves that families that move from 
the country to the cities on an aver- 
age almost die out in the course of 



a e c .injium uic uul ii the course of 
tun generations. It is asserted that 
one-half of the inhabitants of the Ger- 
man cities are immigrants from the 
country and the conclusion from this 
fact is that the cities must renew 
themselves completely in the course 
of two generations. — New York 
Press. 



"I," Said the Tailor 

A physician, upon opening the door 
of his consultation room, asked: 
''Who has been waiting longest?" 

"I have," spoke up the tailor; "I de- 
livered your clothes three weeks 
ago." — The Argonaut. 



Doctor — Johnny. I see the pills I 
gave you have made you well again. 
How did you take them — with water 
or with cake? Small Johnny — I used 
them in my pop-gun to shoot at the 
cat. — Chicago News. 



La Follette's and 

Pacific Outlook 



Pacific Outlook has made arrangements with the publishers of La Fol- 
lette's Weekly Magazine to combine subscriptions with this paper. 
Readers of Pacific Outlook know our paper and its policy. 

It stands unqualifiedly, and without fear, for that which it believes to 
be true, clean, honest and right in human affairs — political, secular, com- 
mercial and industrial; and in its columns will always maintain an un- 
prejudiced and impartial attitude in its discussion of all subjects of uni- 
versal or local interest. 

La Follette's Weekly stands for an honest government, administered 
by true representatives who really represent the people — not special 
interests. i»k.l*' W -III Lfi *i till i. ill id 

SUPPOSE you were the owner of valuable property and chose and 
paid servants for stated periods to guard and administer this property 
for you. AND SUPPOSE one of your servants should write you a per- 
sonal letter each week telling you the plain truth about your property 
and about some of your servants and how they were squandering and 
giving away your property which you paid them to guard and conserve 
for you. Wouldn't you be willing to pay the postage — 2 cents per 
week— on those letters? 

THIS LETTER IS CALLED 
LA FOLLETTE'S WEEKLY NEWS-MAGAZINE 

It is written under the direction of Sen. Robert M. La Follette, from 
behind the scenes at headquarters each week, and it is a personal letter 
intended for you because you are one of the owners of the United States 
the property of which is being confiscated and given away to moneyed 
interests by some of your public servants. 

THE REGULAR PRICE OF THESE TWO PAPERS IS $1.00 PER 
YEAR, EACH. YOU CAN SECURE THEM TOGETHER FOR 

$1.50 A YEAR 

SEND SUBSCRIPTIONS TO 

PACIFIC OUTLOOK CO. 



837 South Spring Street, 



Los Angeles, Cal. 



= T) Index to {Business Houses, Professions, Etc. (~c~ 



ART GLASS AND GLAZING 

CRESCENT ART GLASS CO., 
818 S. Main. FS373; Broadway 25i. 

APARTMENTS 

THE ST. REGIS, Housekeeping 

237 S. Flower. A7336; Main 2290 

DENTISTS 
DR. WM. D. FLORY, F 2844 

455 S. Broadway Rooms 3-4 

DRY GOODS 

VILLE DE PARIS, 10893; Main 893 
317-325 S. Broadway, 314-322 S. Hill 

EXCURSIONS 
BALLOON ROUTE, L. A. Pac. Co. 
Station, Hill St., bet. 4th and 5th. 
10355: Broadway 4000. 

FURNITURE 
BARKER BROS., 413. S. Main St., 
420 S. Spring St. 10265; Main 8900 

HAIR SPECIALISTS 
PROF. GEO. A. GARLOW, Room 
426 citizens' Nat. Bank Bldg., Third 
and Main. 

INVESTMENTS & INSURANCE 
G. G. JOHNSON, 603 H. W. Hellman 
Bldg., Fourth and Spring, A9232; 
Main 1819. 

LAUNDRIES 

ELECTRIC LAUNDRY CO., 
806-14 E. 16th St. B4231; So. 580 



MEN'S FURNISHINGS 

HARRIS & FRANK, 
43" 13 S. Spring. 10891; Main 9477 

W. HUNTER & CO., 
525 So. Spring. Main 4127 

OFFICES TO RENT 

LISSNER BLDG., 524 S. Spring 

Single rooms as low as $12.50. 

PIANOS AND ORGANS 

GEO J. BIRKEL & CO., Steinwav, 
Kranich and Bach, Cecilian and Vic- 
tor Dealers. 345-47 S. Spring. 

BARTLETT MUSIC CO., 
Autopiano Agents, 231 S. Broadway 

SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA MUSIC 
CO., Chickering & Pianola Agents, 
332-4 S. Broadway. 

REAL ESTATE 

MINES & FARISH, 353 S. Hill St. 
High Class Investments. 

SPORTING GOODS 

WM. H. HOEGEE CO., Inc. 
138-42 S. Main. 10087; Main 8447 

STUDIOS TO RENT 
BLANCHARD HALL. Devoted ex- 
clusively to Music, Art, Science. 233 
S. Broadway; 232 S. Hill. 

STORAGE Af.D MOVING 

BEKINS, 1335 S. Figueroa 

22562 Broadway 3773 

TILES 

PACIFIC TILE & MANTEL CO., 
716-18 S. Spring. ? 5 III 1 ; Main 2127 




Home A7336 



Sunset Main 2290 



IjmtBrkjTuUig ArjarlumitB 

FIVE MINUTES WALK to Third 
and Broadway. Modern Apartments 
and Single Rooms at moderate prices. 
Private Telephone in each Apartment 
or Single Room. 237 S. Flower St. 



Phones: Home 9232 

Sunset Main 1819 



G. G. JOHNSON 

Investments and Loans 
Insurance 

603 H. W. Hellman Bldg., 
Cor. Fourth and Spring Sts. 
Los Angeles, Cal. 



r T T T T "C" Q 'Domestic ana 
JL JL JL/ JL/ O Imported 

For Mantels and Floors 
Marble and Stone 

Pacific Tile and Mantel Co. 

Agents For Grueby and Roohwood Tiles 

716-18 South Sarins: Street* 




Los Angeles Pacific Company 

Electric Railway 

The Shortest and Quickest Line between 

Los Angeles and the Ocean 

TO SANTA MONICA, OCEAN PARK, VENICE, REDONDO 
BEACH, SOLDIERS' HOME, SAWTELLE, SHERMAN, HOLLY- 
WOOD AND COLEGROVE. 

Balloon Route Excursions 

One Whole Day for One Dollar 

101 Miles for 100 Cents 

Showing some of California's finest scenery including 36 miles right 

along the ocean. 

A reserved seat for every patron and an Experienced Guide with each 

car. 

The Only Electric Line Excursion Out of Los JIngeles 
Going One Way and Returning another 

FREE ATTRACTIONS: AN OCEAN VOYAGE on Wheels— The 
Excursion cars running a full mile into the ocean on LONG WHARF, 
Port Los Angeles; Free admission to the $20,000 AQUARIUM at Ven- 
ice and a free ride on the ROLLER COASTER at Ocean Park. 

Cars leave Hill Street Station, between Fourth and Fifth, LOS AN- 
GELES, at 9:40 A. M. DAILY. 



The Misses Page School for Girls 

243 WEST ADAMS STREET 
Home Phone 21202 
Sunset South 3539 

Amid ideal surroundings and directed by competent teachers the 
girls of this School make rapid progress. In addition to the regular 
school studies they are taught vocal and instrumental music, drawing 
and painting, and physical culture. Ample facilities are afforded for 
recreation and the girls' home training and moral welfare is attended 
to in a manner to bring out the sweet and beautiful in character, so 
essential to true womanhood. 



A School for Boys 



Under the same management, located at 137 West Adams Street. 
Telephone Home 21203. The boys receive military instruction, Cap- 
tain Robert T. Gibbs being commandant. 

This is a splendid home for boys and also a well regulated school- 
home where the character training of the boy is given the importance 
it deserves. The proverb "Train up the child in the way he should 
go; and when he is old he will not depart from it," is exemplified at 
this school. Boys here are taught manliness, obedience, punctuality, 
industry and learning in a way fitting them suitably as foundation 
stones for life's progress. Boys of any age after 5 years admitted. 
Each boy is held to be an individual. Not being held back by class 
restrictions his progress is rapid and certain. 

Call, Telephone or Write for Catalogue. p np a s admitted at any time. 



PACIFIC OU 




Vol. VIII. Mo. 7, 



Los Angeles, California, February 12, I9IO 



5 Cents $1.00 a Year 



FLINT AND THE SENATORSHIP 



ator Flint has given the people of 
California a definite announcement that 
he will not be a candidate For reelection, 
reason the new direct pri- 
mary law. which, he says, would put him 
expense of maintaining a personal or- 
ganization in every legislative district in 
the State. 

There will be th>.~c who will not accept 
this statement as final, contending thai the 
Senator's purpose is to tost public senti- 
ment, and that if the demand that he should 
stand. again is strong enough he will yield 
ilor will perhaps he loaned to this 
view by the fact that much of the dispatch 
which conveyed the Senator's statement 
was taken up with portraying the conster- 
nation that his refusal to run had caused in 
\\ ashington and elsewhere. 

lint we do no; take this view of his 
declination. We accept it as sincere and 
line. While we have in these columns 
expressed condemnation for Mr. Flint's 
method of handling the tariff issue, and 
we are compelled, on his own state- 
ment of the means by which he was elected 
i"i owe it all to Walter Parker") to regard 
him as of, by and for the machine, yet we 
have always held the personality of Frank 
Flint in very high esteem, as that of a 
straight-forward, kindly, sincere and gen- 
erous soul. He entered politics by the ma- 
chine gate, and he is no quitter. He had his 
chance, when the line-up came on the Aid- 
rich tariff bill, to stand with the people and 
against the special interests. We feel that 
he made a profound mistake in the course 
he adopted. Possibly he realizes it now ; 
possibly he does not and never will. • But 
all that has no bearing on the question of 
whether he is in earnest about his with- 
drawal or is merely playing a trick. We are 
satisfied he is in earnest, and that he will 
not try for another term in the Senate. 

Nevertheless, we cannot agree to his rea- 
soning about the direct primary law. The 
only absolute demand that this law makes 
on the senatorial candidate that did not ex- 
ist before is that he file a petition contain- 
ing signatures numbering over one per cent 
of the total vote of his party and covering 
at least ten counties with one per cent of 
their party vote. This ought not to be a 
serious stunt for any man who is well ac- 
quainted in the State. One or two hundred 
dollars will cover that expense. Every- 
thing else is optional with the candidate. 

\\ hen the member of the Legislature, 
elected on the Republican ticket, comes to 
vote for United States senator, he will find 
himself limited to two names — which may 
he telescoped into one. Either he must 
vote for the candidate that got the most 
votes in the Legislator's own district, in the 
1 rimary ballot, or he must vote for the can- 
didate that carried the greatest number of 
legislative districts of the State in the party 
vote at the primary. The two may, as we 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK. 

Published Every Saturday 

837 South Spring St. 

Los Angeles, California, 

by the 

PACIFIC OUTLOOK COMPANY 
Subscription price $1.00 a year in advance. 
Single copies S cents at all news stands. 

A. M. DUNN, Manager 
C. D. WILLARD Editorial Contributor 



NOTICE TO SUBSCRIBERS— The Pacific Out- 
look is mailed to subscribers through the Los 
Angeles Post Office every Friday, and should 
be delivered in every part of the city by Satur- 
day's post. If for any reason it should be de- 
layed, or be delivered in poor condition, sub- 
scribers will confer a favor upon the publishers 
by giving them immediate notice. 

Entered at aecond-claaa matter April 5, 1907, at the poatomce at 
Loa Angelea, California, under the act of ConeTcat of March 1,1879, 



say, be one. The same man may carry the 
legislator's district and the majority of the 
districts of the State. In that case his vote 
is fixed and determined. What is to be done 
in the event of a deadlock is not clear. No 
third candidate can be brought into the 
fight. The law is full of blow holes and 
absurdities, projected into it clearly enough 
for the purpose of discrediting the direct 
primary idea, and making the people think 
it impracticable. 

But with all these drawbacks, it seems to 
us that Senator Flint, if he has made us a 
good senator, and is the legitimate and 
genuine choice of the people, is better off 
now, with this law in force, than he was six 
years ago. If he were a totally unknown 
man, he might argue that a great campaign 
would be needed to put him before the peo- 
ple ; but a man who has served as Senator 
for six years ought to be — and in the case 
of Frank Flint certainly is — one of the best 
known men in the State. AH that acquaint- 
ance and any merit he might have and any 
good work he might have done for the peo- 
ple would count for nothing under the old 
system, unless the legislators chose of their 
own free will to recognize it. Under this 
plan, the man who has served the people 
faithfully will be rewarded by their votes, 
and no hold-up game can be worked by the 
legislature, such as we have repeatedly seen 
in the past, in this State and others. 

Mr. Flint's attitude must inevitably 
arouse questions as to what can be his own 
point of view with respect to his services as 
senator. Translated into plain Anglo- 
Saxon, his letter seems to say: "I could 
easily enough convince the machine that I 
ought to be returned, but to convince the 
people, a tremendous campaign would be 
required." Now if Mr. Flint's possible op- 
ponents were to say that an expensive cam- 
paign would be required for them — com- 
paratively unknown men — to beat the in- 
cumbent, whose name is familiar to every 
voter in the State, there would be some 
sense to that. But about the only way we 



can account for Mr. Flint's declaration is 
that he is convinced that most of the voters 
of California are. for sonic reas jii, laying 
for him with a club. 

There are only three points with which. 
as mar as we can make out from what we 
hear and from what we read in the news- 
papers, the people of the State are dissatis- 
fied with Mr. Flint as senator: 

I. On every distinct line-up as between 
the people and the special interests (Ald- 
richism) he has been with Aldrich and 
against the people. 

II. His local appointments were many 
of them regrettable — one in particular, that 
of the Collector of the Port, was quite un- 
pardonable. 

III. His influence in the politics of the 
State has been invariably thrown for the 
machine. 

( itherwise he has made a verv satisfac- 
tory senator. 

♦• ♦■ ♦ 

STANTON IN THE RING 



A communication addressed to Phil Stan- 
ton, Speaker of the Assembly of the pres- 
ent legislature, signed by several hundred 
of his Los Angeles fellow townsmen, ask- 
ing him to enter the lists for Governor of 
the State, brings out a frank and well- 
worded acceptance. We have now two 
avowed candidates for the office of Gov- 
ernor, the other being Secretary-of-State 
Curry. 

The names signed to the communication 
to Mr. Stanton are for the most part those 
of merchants and property owners who have 
not been identified with politics. In the 
list there are not a few who belong to the 
revolt against the machine, including some 
who have been active in the councils of the 
Lincoln-Roosevelt League. There are also 
some — not many — prominent machine men, 
close lieutenants of Walter Parker. How- 
ever, such a list has of itself no particular 
significance. While we do not subscribe to 
the doctrine that "anybody will sign any- 
thing," we recognize that the strength of 
local sentiment will readily procure signa- 
tures for the bringing out of a ''Los An- 
geles candidate." Few people if asked to 
sign such a document would be disposed 
to decline. 

Everybody will freely concede Mr. Stan- 
ton's ability, his personal honesty, his loy- 
alty to his home section, and a host of good 
qualities that particularly fit him for 
the general run of a governor's duties. Also 
we recognize the advantage it will be to 
the Southern portion of the State to have a 
governor that is in sympathy with our way 
of looking at things. But none of these con- 
stitute the main issue, as it appears to us. 
What we all wish to know about Mr. Stan- 
ton is this: Does he represent the people or 
the Southern Pacific machine: or is he per- 
haps one of those amiable compromisers 
who would like to try to represent both, but 
in the end always bring up in the camp of 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



the enemy? There was a time in the poli- 
tical development of most of us when we 
thought it was all right for a man to owe 
his nomination or election to the machine, 
provided he did the best he could for the 
people after he got into office. But we have 
passed through that and come out on the 
other side. We believe the very first duty 
before every voter of California is to fight 
to free the 'State from corporation control 
of politics. Under present conditions, the 
man who is honestly for the people must 
be frankly and openly against the Southern 
Pacific machine. We have no use at all for 
the candidates that are neutral on this is- 
sue, or that are always worrying for fear 
the corporations may not be treated with 
exact justice. And by a man's past acts and 
past affiliations let his future be judged. 

Mr. Stanton seems to recognize the vital 
importance of this issue, for he gives it first 
place in his platform of principles, and is 
quite explicit in condemnation of interfer- 
ence in political matters by corporations. 
He would be glad to see laws enacted, he 
says, which would prevent the continuance 
of such practices. So would we all of us; 
but we are not so childish as to believe that 
the problem is one that can be worked out 
by the passage of laws. In 1898, long be- 
fore any laws were suggested forbidding 
corporations to subscribe to campaign funds, 
an investigation by a committee of the 
Legislature into the expenses of the State 
campaign brought out the fact that Dan 
Burns had subscribed $50,000 to the fund, 
whereas the Southern Pacific had not sub- 
scribed a penny. We might pass laws 
against corporations in politics, that would 
pile up to reach the top of Mount Whitney, 
but the business would go on just the same 
as long as the people elected machine men 
and compromisers to office. Undoubtedly 
some laws help a little; a direct primary 
law, for example, gives the people a better 
chance to beat the machine, as candidates 
are brought out into the open instead of 
hiding behind a set of delegates to a con- 
vention. But the law alone is not enough. 
There must be a clear-cut public sentiment 
to make it effective. 

With respect to Mr. Stanton the people 
are in the attitude of waiting to be shown. 
We know that he is not a straight-out ma- 
chine man, for he has fought the organiza- 
tion at times. On the other hand a man 
who as Speaker of the Assembly appoints 
Grove Johnson chairman of the Judiciary 
Committee — Johnson, a cynical reactionary 
and a henchman of the Southern Pacific in 
politics — can not be classed as a determined 
opponent of the machine. 

One thing must be admitted, however, 
without question, Stanton is a very con- 
siderable improvement over Curry. 
♦ ♦ ♦ 

DOUBLE TELEPHONE NUISANCE 



Seven years ago, when the Home Tele- 
phone Company applied for a franchise to 
do business in Los Angeles, it was hailed as 
a deliverer. The Sunset system was owned 
by non-residents, whose only interest in the 
business was to make it pay big dividends. 
Its equipment had been allowed to run 
down and was quite inadequate; its em- 
ployees were underpaid and over-worked. 
One took down his receiver and sat in 
moody silence from one minute to five min- 
utes before any attention was paid him from 
the other end. When he at last got in his 
order, he was usually connected up with the 
wrong number or with some wire over 



which talking was already in progress. 
Whatever the inconvenience of a double- 
telephone system, ever)' man with a good 
memory will prefer to stand it rather than 
go back to the horrible days of the Sunset 
monopoly. 

The effect of competition was immediate 
and magical. The Sunset promptly im- 
proved its equipment, raised its pay sched- 
ule, increased the number of its employees, 
and put itself in fighting order. Had its 
management possessed even a fraction of 
the modicum of common sense with which 
Providence cheerfully endows a setting hen, 
it would have done all this a little earlier 
and kept competition out of the field. No- 
body wanted two telephone systems, and 
nothing but absolute desperation drove the 
people into it. If there is anything in hu- 
man or brute or vegetable creation that can 
make a bigger ass of itself than a grasping 
corporation temporarily possessed of a 
monopoly, it has thus for escaped attention. 

Of course, if we had possessed a real city 
government in those days instead of a parti- 
san imitation, it would have been possible 
to bring the Sunset to time without unload- 
ing on the people the expense and annoy- 
ance of an additional system. If a utilities 
commission had existed then, with an expert 
in its employ, backed up by a city council 
that meant business, the expert would have 
examined into conditions and reported 
what was necessary. The city would then 
have called on the company to make im- 
provements — the very changes that com- 
petition presently caused it to make. Had 
it refused, things would have happened that 
would have caused even a board of dummy 
directors to sit up and take notice. 

However, there is no profit in thinking 
what might have been. It is a satisfaction 
to consider, just the same, that we are now 
in shape to meet such issues in the future. 
But let no one forget how the utility cor- 
porations did their best to head off the es- 
tablishment of an adequate commission, us- 
ing their council and their morning ma- 
chine organ for that purpose. 

In spite of the fact that the franchise of 
the Home Company contains a provision 
that makes it invalid if that company ever 
unites with another, and in spite of the fact 
that the Home stock is tied up in a pool 
under an agreement that no such union shall 
ever take place, it is, nevertheless, entirely 
within the power of the people of this city 
to put an end to the double system when- 
ever they choose to do so. The present ar- 
rangement means a waste of at least half 
a million dollars a year to the people of this 
city— a sum that capitalizes at $20,000,000. 
This is something to think about, especially 
now that we have a means of protecting 
ourselves against the exactions and poor 
service of a monopoly. On the other hand 
it will be urged that to put either one com- 
pany or the other out of business means the 
obliteration of a very considerable piece of 
capital. It is the old question of the rights 
of the public vs. the rights of individuals. 

As a temporary bridge over the difficulty, 
to diminish the nuisance feature of two sys- 
tems, the Municipal League has proposed 
to the Utilities Commission that it ask the 
companies to establish an inter-company 
exchange by which, for the payment of a 
small fee, not to exceed 5 cents, any sub- 
scriber on the Home can talk to any sub- 
scriber on the Sunset and vice versa. From 
a mechanical point of view the plan is en- 
tirely feasible, it being merely an extension 
of the "long distance" idea. The person 



who has just one telephone does not need 
the other system often, but when he does 
need it, the urgency may be very great, and 
a wait of a moment or two; while connec- 
tion is being established, and the payment 
of 5 cents switching charge, will be slight 
considerations. 

It is quite possible that the plan will meet 
with vigorous opposition from the com- 
panies — not because of any physical diffi- 
culties (although such may be alleged), but 
because it means the discarding of a num- 
ber of instruments. While it will not affect 
the large business houses at all, there are 
thousands of residences, offices and small 
concerns that now feel they must have both 
phones which under this arrangement will 
be able to discard one or the other. If this 
reform can be put through, we believe it 
will save the people of this city from $100,- 
000 to $200,000 a year. 

If the companies on mature considera- 
tion decide to adopt the plan, well and good. 
But if they refuse, which is quite possible, 
owing to the peculiar limitations on the 
scope of .view of institutions of this order, 
then the question of forcing some kind of 
rearrangement will be plainly before the 
people. We are confident it can be worked 
out. It will take time and may cost several 
thousand dollars, and its results may be un- 
fortunate to one or another of the com- 
panies, but such matters are unimportant 
when the issue is plainly one of the best 
interest of the public. Present conditions 
are onerous and should be remedied. That 
at least is perfectly clear. 
♦ ♦ ♦ 

SOME CORRESPONDENTS 



Like all publications that stand for some- 
thing, Pacific O'utlook gets its share of 
"bouquets and brick-bats.'' Also we have 
many letters of inquiry, suggestion, com- 
mendation or objection. Many of these are 
well worth open comment and reproduc- 
tion. 

A very severe roast comes from 1: W. 
Lord. He says we are a free trade paper 
suitable only for John Bull to read and that 
he will have no more of us. Lord is an old- 
timer, formerly Supervisor in San Bernar- 
dino County. The last time he appeared 
before the public was when he loaned some 
man a good deal of money on a bag of gold 
nuggets that subsequently turned out to be 
brass. That is a form of the gold brick 
game, as old as blowing out the gas. We 
cannot wonder that he is a devout wor- 
shipper of the special interest tariff. But 
where did he ever find anything in these 
columns in favor of free trade? We are for 
a scientific tariff worked out by experts, 
putting the subsidies where. they will do the 
whole country the most good — not where 
the special interest with the strongest pull 
wants them placed. We are willing to be 
taxed to help build up infant industries and 
to give American workmen high pay. But 
we wish to know just how much we are be- 
ing taxed for that purpose, and who gets 
the money. We wish to make sure that 
the money taken from us by this process 
goes to the workmen and is not pocketed by 
some trust, nor side-tracked in Wall Street 
by the rake-off artists. Because we believe 
in the use of medicine for illness, it does 
not follow that we favor taking half a pound 
of strychnine for a headache. The Ameri- 
can people want the light of science and 
common sense let in on the tariff proposi- 
tion, as it should be let in everywhere. 
Speaking of San Bernardino County, 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



i 



from Herbert W . 
John - 

land. II i the 

paper : 

in at- 

tackit ts keen advocacy of all mat- 

ic public weal, its consistency and 

g the real character 

of tl government, its 

inspiring optimism, it- practical insight and 

erful philosophy." 

As the Outlook is fir.-t and foremost a 
\ngeles publication, it i> very gratify- 
■ find some one who does not live here, 
and with whom we have no acquaintance, 
who pick- ..lit the \ir\ things we care most 
to have "iir readers find in us: sucl 
"practical insight" and "cheerful philo- 

•y." 

It is easy enough to be a booster and de- 
fend established evils and lie very cheerful 
about it. especially if you can make 

own graft pay you a good living. But it is 

• i easj to rind fault with things that 
are wrong and fight against them and yet 
always maintain a philosophy that has its 
in optimism and good will. One way 
of looking at it. this is a monstrous sad 
world, full of. cruelty and injustice and pov- 
erty and sorrow, and one can go almost mad 
if he really understands and appreciates the 
horror of it all — as, fortunately few of us 
do. And the men and women who are at 
work striving to reduce the volume of this 
evil and misery are mostly regarded as 
cranks or freaks, and in the past have been 
abused ami maligned and perhaps tortured 
or slain. The great prizes of life — wealth, 
power, luxury and fame — are not for them; 
these are reserved rather for the very ones 
that do most to perpetuate the wrongs. 
Thus reads one side of the shield; but the 
other tells the story of the progress of the 
years, of the race struggling up from slav- 
ery and superstition and ignorance into the 
light and comfort of today, of the joy of 
service for the right that makes privation 
easy to endure, and of the splendid hope for 
the future. Here is room enough for optim- 
ism. And as long as there is work to be 
done at making things better, it is easy to 
keep one's thoughts off the dark side. 

Mire comes a letter from a reader in Chi- 
cago who says that he reads all that appears 
in these columns, but warns us that we are 
falling into the habit of making the arLicles 
too long. We entirely agree with him, but 
we do not know what to do about it. As it 
stands we are compelled to leave out about 
three-quarters of what we have to sa'y on 
every subject we tackle. Of course we get 
no credit for not making them longer. This 
world has no business to be so interesting. 

In the course of the past eight or nine 
months we have taken occasion once or 
twice to say what we thought — approxi- 
mately — of the Los Angeles Times. Every 
time we have — to to speak — broken loose 
on that subject, we have received scores of 
congratulatory letters and messages reveal- 
ing, to a surprising degree, the intense 
hatred and contempt that a large part of 
this community entertains toward that pa- 
per. But every rule has its exceptions. Out 
of all these letters and messages, running 
we believe into the hundreds, and including 
many who are actually in the employ of 
the Times, there were only two letters that 
defended the paper and found fault with our 
criticism. Roth these were from ministers 
of the Gospel. That may be a mere coin- 
cidence; if not, wdiat is its significance? 
Among newspaper men — and they are a 



pretty callous lot — the Times is general!} 
rated as the most obscene, the most sensa- 
tional, and the most immoral paper on the 
Pacific Coast. It sneers at every effort .it 

civic betterment. It defends grafters. It 
makes a specialty of dirty divorce Stories. 
It attacks church enterprises like the Beth- 
lehem Institute (because it "had it in for" 

Dana Bartlett), and the Federation Club 

(because it hates Nathan Xevvby). As an 
offset to all this, the paper gives a good 
deal of space to church news and to the 
"bible lesson." and publishes a page o| scr 
nion reports every Monday morning. There 
were two ministers in the city that ven- 
tured to take exception to the paper's atti- 
tude toward working people. Thomas Dow- 
ling and Burl Estes Howard. Both were 
hounded with bitter and venomous attacks. 
Dow ling was at last driven from the city, 
but Howard was unaffected. On the other 
hand, many sermons have been preached 
upholding the Times' point of view. These 
are the facts in so far as we know them. 
We leave the question open as to whether 
it is anything else than a coincidence that 
the paper's defenders were both of the 
cloth. 

<• + * 

TO CONVERT THE WORLD 



A movement is under way, which had its 
origin we believe in a revival at Rochester, 
to raise a huge sum of money through a 
series of enormous church gatherings in a 
cycle of the great cities of the United States, 
which sum of money is to be used to carry 
Christianity throughout those portions of 
the world that yet remain unconverted. The 
foreign missions' idea seems to have sud- 
denly undergone a new birth. A vast store 
of hitherto untouched enthusiasm has been 
brought suddenly into play. Several mil- 
lions are already in sight, and at the rate 
the work is progressing the desired total of 
thirty million dollars seems actually pos- 
sible. 

There are many sincere, large-hearted 
people who will find themselves unable to 
contemplate these great meetings — one of 
which will presently be held in Los An- 
geles — with any other sentiment than won- 
der and regret. That such great sums of 
money and such a wave of intense moral 
force should be devoted to such an end 
seems to them incredibly sad, in view of the 
great number of worthier ends toward 
which that wealth and energy might be di- 
rected. No one who has studied history 
and who views the world as it is today will 
question the value of Christian missions — 
not all missions, everywhere, indiscrimi- 
natingly, but intelligent missionary effort, 
at the right time and place. The modern 
missionary is not a mere religious enthu- 
siast; he is also a civilizer. He makes the 
world a little better wherever he touches it. 
But moral enterprises, like those of busi- 
ness or the intellect, have varying degrees of 
relative importance. While opinions may 
differ as to the value of converting savages 
or Mohammedans or Rudhists to the Chris- 
tian faith, all will concede the benefit to the 
world in replacing the ignorance, cruelty, 
superstition and squalor of barbarism with 
the enlightenment, justice and decency of 
civilization. In short, thirty million dol- 
lars invested in foreign missions will bring 
a certain amount of moral value — a great 
amount, perhaps; and yet, like everything 
else, the wisdom of the investment depends 
upon what might be done with the money in 
other fields of human advancement. 



We have what we call a Christian 
try, If conversion to Christianity is to 

must 
have an example to which the mis-;. 
can point with a reasonable degree of pride. 
Nave we such an example in this ni 
under present conditions? Are we justified 
in standing before the non-Christian world 

and saving "Heboid us! Accept Our re- 
ligion, that v on ui.'iv gr< iw i" 1"' a re I 

We are a practical people, and m do not 
ask too much, even of ourselves. We are 
not proposing that every effort to make the 
outside world better should be postponed 
until we have become a nation of saints, be- 
cause that day will never come. Rut we 
have now a great civilization that is marred 
and disgraced by certain conspicuous 
blemishes. Many of these, perhaps most 
of them, could be removed by the applica- 
tion of a small part of this .vast sum of 
money which it is proposed to put into for- 
eign missions, plus a little of the moral 
energy that will be used in the raising of 
the money and in the work among the 
"heathen." 

For example, here is child labor, which 
a generation ago was a very general evil in 
this country, but is now confined to a few 
states. We seem to have come to a halting 
place in the crusade. The workers are ex- 
hausted and little money is to be had to 
carry on the fight. In the meantime the 
lives of thousands of little ones are being 
slowly ground out in the mills of the South 
and the coal breakers of Pennsylvania. 

Then there are our prisons where we 
manufacture criminals in great numbers out 
of unfortunates who have made a mistake 
of some kind, either through ignorance or 
poverty. These institutions are largely the 
sport of politics. State Legislatures, made 
up of men of limited understanding and 
callous feelings, will not appropriate the 
money nor pass the laws necessary to make 
them over into genuine reformatory institu- 
tions. A great moral movement accom- 
plished by an outpouring of contributions 
is needed to set right this great national 
wrong. 

Slavery exists among us, although we do 
not call it by that name. The national gov- 
ernment is breaking up the peonage sys- 
tems wherever evidence can be secured, but 
the contract labor of convicts still continues 
in several states, with evils that the law 
seems unable to reach. Young girls are 
lured into houses of ill-fame in the great 
cities, and are sold into virtual slavery. 
Scores of cases investigated in New York 
City and Philadelphia showed that the po- 
lice returned the women when they tried to 
escape. Ri the lumber camps of the north 
men are made drunk and robbed of their 
pay to prvent their getting back to civiliza- 
tion. These are evils akin to the worst that 
barbarism has to show. 

The terrible curse of the city slum, with 
its disease and crime and ruin of young 
lives, can all be cured with money and 
moral force. Many things that are wrong 
in our industrial and political conditions 
would be remedied if some money were 
spent in dragging them out into the light 
of publicity. 

These are considerations that will inevit- 
ably arise in the minds of social reformers 
as the reports come in of great meetings 
held in various parts of the country and 
large sums subscribed for increasing the 
work of foreign missions. While there is 
a glamour and a romance about things at a 
distance, and carrying the gospel to the 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



"benighted heathen" is a slogan that arouses 
the most intense religious fervor, yet there 
is so much that needs to be done here at 
home for the barbarians that beg- for help 
at our very door, things which seem to us 
relatively so much more important, that we 
find it hard to view with patience the devo- 



tion of all this wealth and energy to a pur- 
pose so remote. 

However, this fact must be conceded : 
that much of the money subscribed for this 
purpose is not available for anything else. 
People give it because they are possessed 
of zeal for spreading the religious opinions 



which, to their way of thinking, are neces- 
sary to save heathen souls from damnation. 
It is not, therefore, a diversion of funds; on 
the contrary as giving is contagious — a cul- 
tivated taste, so to speak — it may even re- 
sult in inspiring people to give more freely 
for the home work that needs to be done: 




<TT HE DATA for this department is sup- 
^» plied from the statistical bureau of the 
Municipal League of Los Angeles, but 
neither that organization nor any other has 
any control over, or is in any way respon- 
sible for, the general policy of PACIFIC 
OUTLOOK. 



Contract and Day Labor. The Commis- 
sioners of Des Moines find that they can do 
their street work cheaper by day labor than 
by contract. 

* ♦ ♦ 

Six Foot Billboards. The question of 
whether Spokane will be allowed to limit the 
height of billboards to six feet will present- 
ly be tested in the courts. 

* * * 

Sawdust Roads. In Tennessee, in the 
region near the sawmills, they make very 
good roads by mixing earth and sawdust in 
equal proportions. The expense figures un- 
der $400 a mile. 

* + <• 

Municipal Ownership. Erie, Kansas, is 
about to begin on the construction of a 
combined water works and electric light 
plant, for which bonds to the- amount of 
$50,000 were recently voted on a majority 
of three to one. 

•J* ■{* t|» 

Conspicuous Fire Boxes. Finding that 
more alarms come in by telephone than by 
fire boxes, the Fire Department of Roches- 
ter has been painting its boxes a bright red, 
to call attention to them and planting them 
on conspicuous holders. 

* + * 
Non-Partisanship. Coffeyville, Kansas, 

has adopted the non-partisan primary simi- 
lar to the plan used in Los Angeles. Color- 
ado Springs goes one step further and re- 
quires each candidate to swear that he is 
not the candidate of any political party. 

* + * 

Better Business. The City Engineer of 
Austin, Texas, declares that the work of his 
office can be done much cheaper and more 
effectively under the commission system, 
which the city adopted about a year ago, 
than it could possibly be done under the old 
methods of government. Less politics and 
more business, he says. 

* ♦ ♦ 

Expensive Personal Grudge. The bids 
for construction of the manual training 
school run about $100,000 over the esti- 
mates made in December, 1908. Had there 
been no delay in the marketing of the bonds, 
the school could undoubtedly have been 
constructed within the original appropria- 
tion. Now it must either wait for an addi- 
tional bond issue, or must be greatly re- 
duced in size. The delay in the sale of the 
bonds was caused by the fight .waged by 
the Los Angeles Times against our school 
system because the editor of that paper 



fancied that he had received a personal in- 
sult from the Superintendent of Schools — 
who, as a matter of fact, had merely per- 
formed a necessary duty. This is not the 
first time the people of this city have been 
taxed to satisfy the Times' grudges. 
+ * + 
Sanitation in St. Petersburg. The metro- 
polis of Russia is one of the dirtiest and 
most unhealthful cities in the civilized world 
— if a country with a government so hor- 
rible as that of Russia is entitled to be 
classed as civilized. It is estimated that 
$50,000,000 will be required, and the Douma 
is discussing a bond issue to cover the ex- 
pense. 

* * * 

Modified Recall. The commission form 
of government adopted by Colorado Springs 
contains the recall with a 30 per cent peti- 
tion, but it is not in force until an officer 
has had six months of his term. Fifteen per 
cent of the voters can compel a special elec- 
tion under the initiative, but only one such 
election can be held within a year. To re- 
quire the submission of a measure at the 
regular election requires only five per cent. 

* * ♦ 

How to Have a Clean Garbage Can. The 
rules supplied to housekeepers by the 
Minneapolis Board of Health with respect 
to garbage contain a suggestion that the 
way to keep the garbage can clean and free 
from flies is to drain the stuff thoroughly 
and then wrap it up in bundles with paper. 
Plenty of newspapers are usually at hand 
for this purpose. Minneapolis, however, 
burns its garbage and does not feed it to 
hogs. 

* * + 

Wisconsin Commission System. The 

Legislature of Wisconsin in its last session 
passed a general law allowing cities to adopt 
a commission form of government but with 
restrictions as prescribed in the law. Com- 
menting upon this, six or eight months ago, 
we predicted in these columns that it would 
not meet with fa.vor in progressive Wiscon- 
sin, as the law was far from being up to 
.date. Thus far no Wisconsin city has ac- 
cepted the conditions, although a vote has 
been taken in several places. The last ex- 
periment was at Janesville, where the law 
was voted down 1017 to 622. The reason 
given was that it contained no provision for 
initiative and referendum and recall, al- 
though the term of the commissioners was 
fixed at six years. 

♦■ ♦. • 
Underground System. The city of York, 
Pennsylvania, is considering, and will prob- 
able adopt, a project for putting all wires 
underground in the business section. It will 
cost $55,000 and a New York firm of con- 
tracting engineers proposes to build the sys- 
tem and finance it, if the city will pay them 
4 per cent interest on the outlay. The ren- 
tals that the citv can legitimately charge 



the wire companies will not only take care 
of this interest but will gradually redeem 
the bonds as well. It is a great pity that 
such an opportunity was not given to Los 
Angeles 12 years ago when we began forc- 
ing the wires off the streets. Under the 
present arrangement three different com- 
panies tear up the paving, and the city has 
no status in the affair at all. 
♦ ■♦ • 

Library Board Appointment. Mayor 
Alexander has fixed the standard for ap- 
pointments to commissions so high that it 
will serve as a guiding example for years to 
come. Never in the history of the city were 
appointments made so clearly for the bene- 
fit of the service and with so little considera- 
tion of politics. The latest name sent in to 
council is that of Mrs. Shelley H. Tolhurst 



EACH WE EK 

new offerings come 
forward to prove 
that Barker Bros, 
undersell in every 
line of Home Fur- 
nishings 

Week of 

Feb. 14 to 19 

Special Sale of 



-Mattresses, 

Box Springs, 

Springs. 
-Sanitary Couches. 
-Dressers. 
-Pillows and com- 



forts. 
-Dining Tables 
-and choice of en- 
tire line of the 
beautiful "Quality 
Reed" Furniture. 



At 15 to 25 per 
cent off 



Largest. Dealers in Household and Office 
Furnishings in the West. 

724 to 732 So. Broadway 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



on the Library 

.m admirable choice. This 

•iilil always contain one or two 

women, as almost the entire library force is 

urst served 
- president of the Friday 
Morning Club, ami she acquitted herself of 
the responsibilities of that )>• <sit i> >n in a way 
that brought her the regard, admiration and 
if all the chili's thousand members. 
She has enjoyed considerable business ex- 
perience, is tactful, magnetic, cultured and 

forceful. No better selection could pos-ihh 

have been made. 

♦ ♦ ♦ 

The Short Ballot. While opinions differ 
the wisdom of the commission system 
of city government, there is one reform thai 
seem- to meet with universal favor, and 
will be adopted, we believe, as fast as 
changes are made in city, county and State 
rnments; and that is the "short ballot." 
It is generally conceded that we elect too 
many people at each voting to lie aim to 
keep track of the the character and ability 
of each. The favorite trick of the parties is 

to put in a few conspicuous g I names ami 

fill in the rest with corporation henchmen. 
In Li - Angeles we elect 23 at each election. 
How would it be if we had a commission 
of nine men to run the city government, 
three of whom were elected in the fall of 
each year — or five one yeai and four two 
years later? Would not the men thus 
en be given a most careful scrutiny,? 
And if the places carried a good salary — 
say $6000 a year — and if the elections were 
non-partisan, would we not come pretty 
close to getting the best men of the city to 
accept the work? 

♦ * + 

Efforts to Mislead the People. The des- 
perate efforts of one or two newspapers to 
discredit the present administration need 
cause no one any disturbance of mind, so 
long as the members of the administration 
are themselves unaffected by them. As a 
rule these articles carry their own refutation 
with them, and no very considerable portion 
of the public is likely to be deceived. The 
machine people who are anxious and willing 
to believe anything evil of the administra- 
tion will believe — or pretend to believe — 
whatever is published to its discredit, and 
here and there will be found a few people 
of extraordinary credulity, that make a rule 
to accept whatever is given them in print. 
But the Los Angeles public, as a whole, will 
bide its time and will judge by results, not 
by rumors and sneers and flings. As long 
as the officials themselves remain imper- 
turbable, keep their temper, go about their 
duties unmoved either by threats or abuse 
and do each one the best he can for the city, 
the mud will not stick, and the missiles will 
recoil against those that hurl them. 

♦ 4» «fr 

Kansas City Billboard Plan. The new 
charter of Kansas City contains a plan for 
getting rid of billboards that, it is confident- 
ly believed by lawyers who have made a 
special study of the question, will hold in 
the courts. The city council creates a no- 
billboard district — tentatively — and signa- 
tures of property owners are taken to an 
agreement (which is to hold only when a 
stipulated large per cent has been obtained) 
that they will submit to assessment to cover 
damages that may be claimed by non- 
signers and made good in court for loss sus- 
tained by not being allowed to put up bill- 
boards. Suppose, for example, a district 
half a mile square containing 9 blocks or 



I of frontage. It is owned b 
le and is nearly all given up to resi- 
dences. Agreements are circulated and all 
but 10. representing 750 feet, are willing to 
sign. ( If these say five are willing to brave 
public opinion and tight with their neigh- 
bors. The) may perhaps join in a suit 
against the city claiming damages of 1 
a year. By the time it is threshed out in 
court that sum will probably come down to 
$500 a year. That would be assessed back 
against the remaining frontage ami would 
amount to about 5 cents a front foot. This 
plan could gradually be made to extend to 
cover the greater part of the city. As a 
matter of fact few men would have the gall 
to bring such damage suits, although great 
difficulty would probably be found in get- 
ting signatures to start the plan in Opera- 
tion. 

Paying for Street Railway Extensions. 
The present policy of the city trolley system 
i- to compel the people of the region wdiere 
an extension is desired to get a franchise 
from the city and pay the company a bonus 
as well. Sometimes the bonus is large 
enough to cover total cost of construction, 
and the bonds that are issued on the in- 
crease of mileage constitute just that much 
velvet. As the company has a monopoly it 
can do these little stunts and no one has 
power to prevent it. Council could of 
course refuse to give a franchise, but that 
would merely put the people of the district 
wdiere the extension is needed to the incon- 
venience of walking. Against the advice of 
the Utilities Commission, Council granted, 
for the nominal sum of $100, an extension of 
the Thirty-ninth street line, but this was 
done chiefly because the people had pro- 
ceeded in good faith and had practically 
closed up the transaction before this ad- 
ministration came into office. We do not 
regard the difference between $100 and $1,- 
000 to the city as a matter of much conse- 
quence in the granting of a franchise, but 
this hold-up method of procedure by the 
operators of a public utility which is de- 
pendent for its value on the public's grant 
of privilege, is repugnant to modern ideas. 
Let the extensions wait a few years. One 
reason why it costs so much.to manage this 
city's affairs is that it has been spread out 
to an inordinate degree by railway exten- 
sions. It shoestrings in every direction with 
large tracts in between undeveloped. Ex- 
tensions should be determined along some 
line of settled policy, and not by real estate 
speculation. 

♦ ♦ ♦ 

Old Men's Jobs. The unique idea that 
the city has the same right as a private em- 
ployer to get a dollar's worth of work for 
every one-hundred cents it puts into its pay- 
roll is not original with the present adminis- 
tration, although this is, we believe, the first 
time any honest effort has been made to 
carry it out in actual practice. Many times 
in the past has the Municipal League and 
other civic and commercial bodies called at- 
tention to the use of the street department 
as an "Old Age Pension Bureau." There is 
much to be said in favor of old age pensions. 
Germany, through the influence of the So- 
cialists, established them ten years ago. and 
the new budget, which lias been the subject 
of so much controversy in England, con- 
tains a large appropriation for the purpose. 
But there is no more sense in throwing this 
expense on the street department of cities 
— as is often done — than in charging up all 
appropriations for the increase of our navy 



to some one State— l-llinois, for example, 

Moreover, it is not , pen- 

sion list; it is a political pull pension list. 
investigations made b) the I 
fivi j eat s agi i shi iw ed thai most of the old 
nun were nearl) related to well-fcn< in n na- 
chine leader-. Father-in-law was a frequent 
form of relationship. In this cum.', i ion il 
mo be remembered that our ol the mem- 
bers of the last legislature from Los An- 
geles got his mother-in-law appointed one 
of the sweep-up-and-scrub ladies of the 
capitol building. All kinds of relatives come 
handy to the machine politician. The at- 
tempt to make it appear that this adminis- 
tration is harsh and cruel to the aged will 
not carry very far; but we can scarcely 
blame the opposition press for making the 
most of anything they can grab at. It is a 
case of making bricks without straw. Coun- 
cilman Gregory's plan of a graded scale of 
wages would be the logical way — if the 
State law will permit. In Europe a great 
deal of the street cleaning is done by old 
men ; but the work is so arranged as to be 
very light, and they are paid accordingly. 



Another advantage of calling it the 
Otochon Rooseveltus, instead of the Verga- 
tus, is that in that way it counts as two $1 
words every time it is mentioned in the 
magazine articles. — Ohio State Journal. 






317-325 

SO. B R OADVTAY 



314-322 

So. Hill Strut 



A. PUSENOT CO. 




mry 



THE New Models for 
Spring are fast assembl- 
ing. We invite your inspec- 
tion of our 



TADLOIREID) UATi 



"V1LLE" Models possess an 
air of chicness that appeals to 
fastidious dressers. 



HIGH CLASS INVESTMENTS 



MINES &FARISH 

REAL ESTATE AGENTS 



RESIDENT AND BUSINESS PROPERTIES 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



The Facts in the Case 



The History of the Taft-Glavis-Bal- 
linger-Pinchot Controversy and 
the Six Billion Dollar Deal 
That Caused all the Trou- 
ble. Told as Impar- 
tially as May Be. 



(Hugh O'Neil in the Denver Post) 
A great many persons are already 
"taking sides" upon what is develop- 
ing into a fight between Gifford Pin- 
chot and the Taft administration. The 
Chicago Tribune has declared that 
the people will be with Mr. Pinchot 
anyhow, because Mr. Pinchot, what- 
ever his mistakes, has no interest to 
serve other than that which he con- 
siders to be the interests of the peo- 
ple. The newspaper despatches — or 
many of them — are chiefly concerned 
with the "fate" of the Taft adminis- 
tration. They are speculating upon 
the maneuvers of the Republican "in- 
surgents." They are prognosticating 
Mr. Pinchot's next move. Generally, 
we are in the center of a tremendous 
turmoil; and most of us have forgot- 
ten where the trouble first started. 

Why does Mr. Ballinger so hate 
Mr. Pinchot? Why did President 
Taft feel moved to write such a long 
letter "exonerating" Mr. Ballinger? 
Why did Attorney General Wicker- 
sham feel likewise moved to write a 
long letter "exonerating" Mr. Bal- 
linger? Why did President Taft feel 
moved to write another long letter 
"exonerating" Mr. Ballinger; this time 
to Mr. Pinchot? And why have 
President Taft, and Attorney General 
Wickersham and Mr. Ballinger united 
in a chorus to denounce the, until re- 
cently, obscure young man named Gla- 
vis, who is not yet thirty years of age? 
And why ha,s this same young man, 
Glavis, precipitated a crisis in the Re- 
publican party? 

■ The story is worth retelling. It's an 
astounding story; an almost unbe- 
lievable story; a story in which bar- 
tenders and millionaires; politicians 
and laundresses; speculators and 
"hardy prospectors" pass across the 
stage in hurried crowds. And it 
starts in Alaska: Nine years ago coal 
was found in Alaska; such coal as the 
eye of civilized man had never be- 
fore seen. It was on the Bering and 
the Matansuka rivers. It was found 
lying in seams from five to fifty feet 
thick, and from one to four thousand 
feet high. It is bituminous and an- 
thracite coal of the finest quality. 
The head of the National Geological 
Survey Work in Alaska estimates the 
coal already discovered to be worth 
six .billion dollars. There a.re six 
billion tons of this coal in the Bering 
field and the Matansuka field. Mak- 
ing the most generous deductions 
there is a net profit in the possession 
of that coal of two billion dollars. 
The coal was worth "going after." 
And it was gone after. Not by the 
"hardy prospector." He appeared 
but little. It was gone after by "high 
finance," by dummy entrymen, by 
gentlemen operating under "powers- 
of-attorney" known to many prospec- 
tors. 

An English syndicate went after 
some of that coal and entered upon 
two hundred million tons. A com- 
pany of Western capitalists went after 
some of it and filed on eight square 
miles. They operated through one 
Clarence Cunningham, of Wallace, 
Idaho. A Seattle company went 
after it — operating through W. A. 
Green and. H. White and filed on 
teen square miles; a matter of 
two hundred million tons. (Mr. 
White, like Mr. Ballinger, was at one 
time Mayor of Seattle.) Then a De- 



troit company went after it; filing 
applications for 173 claimants not 
three of whom had ever set foot in 
Alaska. It was all very impressive 
and enterprising. There were finally 
600 claimants on the Bering coal, and 
350 on the Matansuka coal. Not 
three per cent of them were genuine 
"hardy prospectors." Not five per 
cent of them were genuine entrymen. 
But there was a profit of two billions 
in it, ultimately, for somebody. So 
those entries were pushed on vigor- 
ously; as vigorously as signatures^ 
could be obtained, during the years" 
1903, 1904 and 1905. 

Then a number of related things 
happened. We tell them here with 
categorical brevity. In October, 1905, 
H. K. Love, a special agent of the 
General Land Office, reported that, in 
his opinion, those claims for that 
two billion dollars' worth of coal land 
were fraudulent. In November of 
1906, President Roosevelt withdrew 
all coal .lands in Alaska from public 
entry until suitable laws were passed 
dealing with them. In June of 1907 
another special agent, Horace T. 
1 Jones, was sent to investigate the 
claims. Before he had reported — in 
July of 1907 — one of the groups of 
claimants, the Cunningham group, ar- 
ranged for a conditional transfer to 
Daniel Guggenheim of their eighteen 
square miles of "claims" containing 
two hundred million tons of an- 
thracite. On August 10, 1907, 
Jones reported, suggesting investi- 
gation "by an experienced and fear- 
less agent." Eight days previously 
Love — who had at 'first condemned 
the claims — recommended that patent 
be issued to the Cunningham group. 
(Love had then become a candidate 
for the appointment of Marshal of 
Alaska.) 

At that time this young man, Glav- 
is, was working on other matters in 
Seattle. He was then chief of the 
field division of the field service of 
the General Land Office. In his other 
work he happened upon a loose 
string of the Alaskan coal matter. 
Mr. Ballinger was then Commission- 
er of the General Land Office. He 
held that position from March, 1907, 
to March, 1908. iGlavis reported his 
discovery to Mr. Ballinger. As Love 
was a candidate for the post of Mar- 
shal of Alaska, iGlavis was put in 
charge of the Alaskan coal claims in- 
vestigation. He commenced the new 
work in December, 1907. On the 7th 
of January, 1908, Glavis was advised 
by the General Land Office that the 
Cunningham claims had been ap- 
proved for patent on the recommen- 
dation made by Love in August, 1907. 
(The Cunningham claim was the 18 
square miles of anthracite put under 
option to Daniel Guggenheim in July, 
1907.) 

.Glavis protested to Ballinger 
against issue of that patent; sent let- 
ters and telegrams. Glavis gave rea- 
sons for his protests. The order of 
the General Land Office, clear-listing 
the Cunningham claims for patent, 
was thereupon revoked. 

Glavis renewed his investigations 
in March, 1908. He was taken off the 
case in May of that year. He was 
advised that his transfer to other 
work was caused by "lack of funds." 
He was sent back to the case in Oc- 
tober, 1908, and told then that his 
work had been suspended pending 
legislation. 

Meantime, in March, 1908, 'Mr. Bal- 
linger retired as Commissioner of the 
General Land Office. Upon retire- 
ment from the General Land Office, 
Mr. Ballinger became attorney for 
the Cunningham claimants. He was 



consulted by the Lipp group of claim- 
ants. He was attorney for the Harry 
White-W. A. Green claimants. (Ac- 
cording to one departmental ruling 
acceptance of work of that kind is 
illegal within two years after the ac- 
ceptor has vacated a Federal position; 
according to another ruling it is not il- 
legal; it should be illegal and it is 
clearly dangerous.) 

Glavis continued working on the 
Alaskan claim cases until March, 1909. 
At that time Mr. Ballinger was ap- 
pointed Secretary of the Department 
of the Interior. In April, 1909, Glavis 
was ordered by the General Land Of- 
fice — which belongs to the Depart- 
ment of the Interior — to complete his 
investigations within sixty days. Such 
a report was impossible because a 
field examination was still necessary 
and that could not be made within 
the specified time owing to unsuit- 
, able weather conditions. Glavis asked 
for this delay. It was refused. Glav- 
is was advised, on July 7th, that the 
Cunningham cases would go to trial 
at once, and that the new Commis- 
sioner of the Land Office — Dennett — 
would pass on the claim, and not the 
Land Office in Alaska, where the 
hearing should have been decided. 

Glavis felt assured that the claims 
were fraudulent. As some of the coal 
areas were on National Forests in 
Alaska, Glavis, as a last resort, ap- 
pealed to the Forest Service, asking 
them to request field examination. 
The Forest Service made that request. 
But no intention of acceding to that 
request was promised. 

Then, Glavis submitted his report 
to the President. For submitting that 
report Glavis was discharged in Sep- 
tember. 1909. 

In November, 1909, President Taft 
promulgated the order forbidding any 
but Heads of Departments — Cabinet 
officers — to give out information on 
certain specified subjects. On Jan- 
uary 5, 1910, Gifford Pinchot wrote 
a letter in contravention of that or- 
der. On January 7th Gifford Pinchot 
was discharged from the post of Chief 
Forester. 



'But those six billion tons of Alas- 
kan coal lands are still the property 
of the people of the United States 
of America, and there is still a chance 
that this wealth will only be trans- 
ferred to honest claimants. In the 
meantime, Glavis, of the Field Ser- 
vice; and Pinchot, of the Forest Ser- 



vice; and Price, of the Forest Ser- 
vice; and Shaw, of the Forest Service; 
and all discharged; are persons not 
without merit. Happy is the country 
that can breed men of their courage. 



THE DELICACY OF A GENTLE- 
MAN IN OFFICE 



A commendable sense of delicacy 
that shows that we are becoming 
more and more civilized is displayed 1 
in the new rule promulgated to the 
police of Boston by Commissioner 
O'Meara in regard to publicity in the 
matter of cases of poverty or destitu- 
tion found by police officials. This 
general order is based on the fact 
"that even the destitute have rights 
of privacy which ought to protect 
them from public exposure of their 
misfortune." 

Following is the order: 

When persons who are destitute 
or apparently destitute are found at 
their places of residence by the po- 
lice, the ipromptest possible notice 
should be sent by them to the over- 
seers of the poor at their office, or 
to their district agent. Should im- 
mediate relief seem to be necessary 
it may be solicited by the police from 
any proper local source, but publicity 
must not be given by them to any 
such case. Even the destitute have 
rights of privacy which ought to pro- 
tect them from the public exposure 
of their misfortunes. 

Such an order shows that Police 
Commissioner O'Meara is a man who 
has not become calloused to those 
considerations of thoughtfulness for 
others which stamp a true gentleman 
in the public service. — Oakland En- 
quirer. 



BEKINS 

Fire-Proof Storage 

1335 SOUTH FIGUEROA 
And 250 S. BROADWAY 

Call and inspect. Reduced Rate 
Shippers of household goods to and 
from the East and North. 



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PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



What a General Election in Great 
Britain Costs 



London 
if the 

It i> officially stated, on the author- 
lemnly made by every 

parliamentary candidate and election 

in the land, that : 
the general election of l°i'<> was $5,- 
830.000. 

is supposed to include every- 
thing, from the printing of the bal- 
lot papers to the cost of every half- 
penny stamp used in a village com- 
mittee-room. There were 1.2/3 can- 
didates. On an average each one in- 
curred an election expenditure of 
about $4,500. But there were only 
670 scats to be filled, and the cost 
of electing each member, therefore, 
-•untiling like $8,500. 

It seems a heavy price to pay for 
the purpose of sending a representa- 
tive to Westminster. But i: is noth- 
ing to the price that is really paid 
when all is reckoned in. It com- 
prises all the recognized items of ex- 
penditure incurred by a candidate, his 
agent, and the returning officer. It 
ignores the money spent by the num- 
erous political organizations, of all 
colors, which take an energetic part 
in every election and spend money 
like water but are outside the limits 
of technical "agency" because they 
never fight for a particular candidate, 
but only for a permanent principle 
of policy. At times the plain man 
may not be able to distinguish the 
difference. But the courts do. 

The money they spend on posters 
and literature, on fees and expenses 
for speakers, and on propaganda gen- 
erally does not come into the returns 
of election expenditure, and there is 
no material on which to base an es- 
timate of its amount. But I have 
never met an experienced election- 
ecrer who estimated it at less than 
half a million sterling, and some put 
it higher. 

The Candidate's Expenditure 

The candidate on the other hand, 
is not supposed to pay anything at 
all. It is his monvy that is spent, 
but he must not disburse it. When 
the late Colonel North was a candi- 
date, his agent made him empty his 
pockets every morning, lest in some 
burst of thoughtless generositv he 
should lay himself open to a charge 
of buying votes. 

Immediately the candidate is 
adopted he opens an account in a 
local bank and empowers his agent 
to draw upon it. It must be a sub- 
stantial amount, otherwise it will very 
soon need refreshing. And there is 
a very early call upon it. On nomi- 
nation day the returning officer de- 
mands from each candidate a guaran- 
tee for his share of the official elec- 
tion expenses, and he expects the 
money in good, crisp bank-notes. 

Once he gets the money the agent 
becomes a most particular financier. 
Pie likes to have at his command all 
that he is authorized to spend. This 



can be ascertained with some a 
acy. He knows the maximum 
amount that the returning officer can 
charge, for that is set sched- 

ule; he kii'«v, how much he is al- 
lowed to spend himself, for that de- 
upon the number of electors. 
In a constituency D00, for in- 

stance, he can spend up to $4,500 if 
it is a borough and up to $8,500 if it 
is a county division, and the return- 
ing officers charges are set out in 
a precise though rather complicated 
scale. But lie must also keep an eye 
on the candidate's personal expen- 
diture. True, that is outside all niaxi- 
mums, and is not often questioned, 
but if it exceeds $500 the extra bills 
must be paid by the agent and he 
must return vouchers for them, just 
as if they were bills for posters or 
stamps. 

The Aeent's Delicate Task 

The agent has a delicate task be- 
fore him. His candidate always 
wants to b